Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in History

Trekking Through Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, Tony Adams Dec 2010

Trekking Through Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, Tony Adams

Carolyn Ellis

The authors—noted scholars and researchers—provide an up-to-date guide to qualitative study design, data collection, analysis, and reporting. Step by step, the authors explain a range of methodologies and methods for conducting qualitative research focusing on how they are applied when conducting an actual study. The book includes methods of data collection, specific approaches to qualitative research, and current issues in the field. Specifically, chapters cover the methods, designs, and analyses related to the methodologies of history, case study, program evaluation, ethnography, autoethnography, narrative, life histories, emancipatory discourses, feminist perspectives, African American inquiry, indigenous studies, and practitioner qualitative research.


Telling Tales On Neighbors: Ethical Quandaries In Two Voices, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2008

Telling Tales On Neighbors: Ethical Quandaries In Two Voices, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Focusing on the ethics of writing about others in ethnographic and autoethnographic tales, this article provides excerpts from stories about neighbors in a mountain community that show differences and conflicts about religion, gender, ethnicity, and race. The author provides a dialogic representation of the debates that occurred in her mind about the process and ethics of writing these stories. These introspective conversations reveal the vulnerable, muddy, and ambivalent process of making ethical decisions in qualitative research. These complex decisions require integrating our own moral positions with society's call for scholarship that contributes to social justice; readers' demands for truthful ...


At Home With 'Real Americans': Communicating Across The Urban/Rural And Black/White Divides In The 2008 Presidential Election, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2008

At Home With 'Real Americans': Communicating Across The Urban/Rural And Black/White Divides In The 2008 Presidential Election, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

This ethnographic story seeks to reveal the complexity in talking across the urban/rural and Black/White divide in the 2008 Presidential Election.The story shows the tensions between feeling that an attempt to understand the other might help perpetuate the very intolerance we want to break through and feeling a responsibility to reach out and try to fashion a way out of prejudices and values with which we disagree. Is there a possibility for transformative dialogue and appreciative inquiry, where the four participants in this story might envision and generate a new, coconstructed reality, that all of them could ...


Revision: Autoethnographic Reflections On Life And Work, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2008

Revision: Autoethnographic Reflections On Life And Work, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis is the leading writer in the move toward personal, autobiographical writing as a strategy for academic research. In addition to her landmark books Final Negotiations and The Ethnographic I, she has authored numerous stories that demonstrate the emotional power and academic value of autoethnography. This volume collects a dozen of Ellis’s stories—about the loss of her husband, brother and mother; of growing up in small town Virginia; about the work of the ethnographer; about emotionally charged life issues such as abortion, caregiving, and love. Atop these captivating stories, she adds the component of meta-autoethnography—a layering ...


Fighting Back Or Moving On: An Autoethnographic Response To Critics, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2008

Fighting Back Or Moving On: An Autoethnographic Response To Critics, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

The author lays out critiques of autoethnography from social science, post-structuralist, and aesthetic perspectives. She responds to these critiques emotionally as well as rationally, through stories that show as well as prose that tries to convince. She takes a stance yet remains open to what she can learn from others' responses. In the end, she tells a story about significant moments in her life in which her work has seemed especially meaningful to her and opens up the possibility that we are all in this together, trying to live life well and do research that matters.


Making Autoethnography Sing/Making Music Personal: Introduction, Carolyn Ellis, Brydie-Leight Bartlett Dec 2008

Making Autoethnography Sing/Making Music Personal: Introduction, Carolyn Ellis, Brydie-Leight Bartlett

Carolyn Ellis

Autoethnography is an autobiographical genre that connects the personal to the cultural, social, and political. Usually written in the first-person voice, autoethnographic work appears in a variety of creative formats; for example, short stories, music compositions, poetry, photographic essays, and reflective journals. Music Autoethnographies explores an intersection of autoethnographic approaches with studies of music. Written through the eyes, ears, emotions, experiences and stories of music and autoethnography practitioners, this edited collection showcases how autoethnography can expand musicians' awareness of their practices, and how musicians can expand the creative and artistic possibilities of autoethnography. The chapters in this ground-breaking volume stand ...


Let's Get Personal: First-Generation Autoethnographers Reflect On Writing Personal Narratives, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, H Goodall, R Pelias, L Richardson Dec 2007

Let's Get Personal: First-Generation Autoethnographers Reflect On Writing Personal Narratives, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, H Goodall, R Pelias, L Richardson

Carolyn Ellis

What is evidence in qualitative inquiry and how is it evaluated? What is true or false in research is strongly influenced by socially defined criteria and by the politics of academia. In providing an alternative to conservative science, qualitative researchers are often victimized by these politics. The use of qualitative evidence within the policy arena is also subject to social and political factors. Within qualitative inquiry itself, evidence is defined differently in different discourses—law, medicine, history, cultural, or performance studies. The interdisciplinary, international group of contributors to this volume address these questions in an attempt to create evidential criteria ...


Autoethnographic Introspective In Ethnographic Fiction: A Method Of Inquiry, Carolyn Ellis, C Davis Dec 2007

Autoethnographic Introspective In Ethnographic Fiction: A Method Of Inquiry, Carolyn Ellis, C Davis

Carolyn Ellis

This book explores the experiential research methods (arts-based, reflexative, collaborative) that allow researchers to access their own and their participants' knowing in richer ways. It comprises chapters on innovative methods of research and analysis using literary forms, performance and visual arts, and through collaborative and interdisciplinary inquiry. It offers methodological discussions and first-person accounts of experiences in using these methods in order to fire the imagination of students and researchers. Writers are drawn from various disciplines in the health and social sciences, and the methodologies they discuss can be applied across these fields.


Stray Cats And Katrina's Displaced: Dealing With Society's Expendables, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2006

Stray Cats And Katrina's Displaced: Dealing With Society's Expendables, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

No abstract provided.


Communication As Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner Dec 2005

Communication As Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner

Carolyn Ellis

In Communication as...: Perspectives on Theory, editors Gregory J. Shepherd, Jeffrey St. John, and Ted Striphas bring together a collection of 27 essays that explores the wide range of theorizing about communication, cutting across all lines of traditional division in the field. The essays in this text are written by leading scholars in the field of communication theory, with each scholar employing a particular stance or perspective on what communication theory is and how it functions. In essays that are brief, argumentative, and forceful, the scholars propose their perspective as a primary or essential way of viewing communication with decided ...


Wording Pictures: Discovering Heartful Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, K Scott-Hoy Dec 2003

Wording Pictures: Discovering Heartful Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis, K Scott-Hoy

Carolyn Ellis

The Handbook of the Arts in Qualitative Inquiry: Perspectives, Methodologies, Examples, and Issues represents an unfolding and expanding orientation to qualitative social science research that draws inspiration, concepts, processes, and representational forms from the arts. In this defining work, J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole bring together the top scholars in qualitative methods to provide a comprehensive overview of the past, present, and future of arts-based research. This Handbook provides an accessible and stimulating collection of theoretical arguments and illustrative examples that delineate the role of the arts in qualitative social science research.


Shattered Lives: Making Sense Of September 11th And Its Aftermath, Carolyn Ellis Dec 2001

Shattered Lives: Making Sense Of September 11th And Its Aftermath, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

During the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001, the author was on a plane headed to Dulles Airport. She narrates and analyzes her experience in terms of how she reframed and made sense of these events. After she first resisted the frame of terrorism, her perceptions were influenced by her location during the attacks as well as by personal experiences of loss, both current (her mother's and mother-in-law's deteriorating health) and past (her brother's death on a commercial airplane). Through autoethnography, she shows that everyday stories of those not directly involved in the attacks, yet devastated by ...


Their Story/My Story/Our Story: Including The Researcher's Experience In Interview Research, Carolyn Ellis, L Berger Dec 2001

Their Story/My Story/Our Story: Including The Researcher's Experience In Interview Research, Carolyn Ellis, L Berger

Carolyn Ellis

Interviewing has become the window on the world of experience for both researchers and professionals. But as familiar as interviewing is now, its seemingly straightforward methodology raises more questions than ever. What is the interviewer’s image of those who are being interviewed? Who is the interviewer in the eyes of the respondent? From where do interviewers obtain questions and respondents get the answers that they communicate in interviews? How do the institutional auspices of interviewing shape interview data? Drawing upon leading experts from a wide range of disciplines to address these and related questions, The Handbook of Interviewing offers ...


With Mother/With Child: A True Story, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1999

With Mother/With Child: A True Story, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

This story describes an evening of interaction with the author’s aging mother as the author assists her in her nightly routine of preparing for bed. The surrounding frame describes the author’s reading of this intimate story to her mother. The author comments on the tension between independence and dependence that occurs as she tries to help her mother without taking away control, and her mother seeks to be helped without relinquishing control. The author reveals her hesitancy and fear in reading this story to her mother. This hesitancy leads into the last frame, which probes the general methodological ...


Autoethnography, Personal Narrative, Reflexivity: Researcher As Subject, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner Dec 1999

Autoethnography, Personal Narrative, Reflexivity: Researcher As Subject, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner

Carolyn Ellis

Once again, editors Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S Lincoln have put together a volume that represents the state of the art for the theory and practice of qualitative inquiry. Built on the foundation of the landmark first edition, published in 1994, the second edition is both the bridge and the roadmap to the territory that lies ahead for researchers across the disciplines. The Second Edition is a significant revision; in fact, it is virtually a new work. It features six new chapter topics, including, among others, auto-ethnography, critical race theory, applied ethnography, queer theory, and testimonies. Another fifteen chapters ...


Negotiating Terminal Illness: Communication, Collusion, And Coalition In Caregiving, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1999

Negotiating Terminal Illness: Communication, Collusion, And Coalition In Caregiving, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Given the relationship between trauma, loss, and interpersonal bonds, the editors have assembled a noteworthy list of contributions discussing trauma associated with close relationships (divorce, infertility, widowhood). Certainly, trauma is closely associated with loss. This edited volume offers the perspective of over twenty leading scholars in the study of trauma and loss. Each chapter offers extensive coverage of contemporary issues (terror management, rational suicide, spirituality, stigmatization). Relationship issues within these topics are also explored.


Creating Criteria: An Ethnographic Short Story, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1999

Creating Criteria: An Ethnographic Short Story, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

In this work, the author introspects about the steps she takes when evaluating narrative ethnographies. Her story shows how she thinks about and reacts to alternative genres of writing. Optimally, she tries to feel and think with the story, moving back and forth as the two processes merge. She tries to immerse herself in the flow of the story, until she is unable to stop thinking about or feeling the experience. Along the way, she asks questions about what she has learned from the story, and she evaluates the writer’s literary strategies, ethical concerns, and the degree to which ...


Which Way To Turn?, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner Dec 1998

Which Way To Turn?, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner

Carolyn Ellis

No abstract provided.


He(Art)Ful Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1998

He(Art)Ful Autoethnography, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

The author seeks to develop an ethnography that includes researchers’ vulnerable selves, emotions, bodies, and spirits; produces evocative stories that create the effect of reality; celebrates concrete experience and intimate detail; examines how human experience is endowed with meaning; is concerned with moral, ethical, and political consequences; encourages compassion and empathy; helps us know how to live and cope; features multiple voices and repositions readers and “subjects” as coparticipants in dialogue; seeks a fusion between social science and literature in which, as Gregory Bateson says, “you are partly blown by the winds of reality and partly an artist creating a ...


Bringing Emotion And Personal Narrative Into Medical Social Science, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1998

Bringing Emotion And Personal Narrative Into Medical Social Science, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Comments on an article on the ethics of informed consent by Rose Weitz previously published in the periodical 'Health.' Family response to informed consent; Constraints imposed by social science research practices on Weitz' work; Ethics of the narrative approach to medical sociology.


I Hate My Voice: Coming To Terms With Bodily Stigmas, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1997

I Hate My Voice: Coming To Terms With Bodily Stigmas, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

This article presents a narrative, autoethnographic, theoretical account of the public and private negotiation of “minor bodily stigmas,” which are mild physical “imperfections” that make us fear we stand out and might be rejected. To examine the situated complexity of stigmatized identity, I tell a story that shows concrete interactional details of an episode in which minor bodily stigmas evolved into a significant topic of conversation between strangers. My personal narrative explores the felt experience of minor bodily stigmas from the perspective of the experiencing and interacting holder. Thus, my work problematizes Erving Goffman's sociological approach to stigmas, which ...


The Other Side Of The Fence: Seeing Black And White In A Small, Southern Town, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1994

The Other Side Of The Fence: Seeing Black And White In A Small, Southern Town, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

In this ethnographic short story, the author wrestles with personal intricacies of being White in American society, posing contradictions of identity and community and problematizing the quandary of speaking openly about race and racism. The story of her romantic involvement with an African American male while growing up White in a small southern town provides a venue by which to portray race relations in the rural South during the 1960s. Returning to this small town to visit in 1993 sets the stage to reflect on this experience and to compare race relations in urban university communities during the 1990s. Readers ...


Speaking Of Dying: An Ethnographic Short Story, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1994

Speaking Of Dying: An Ethnographic Short Story, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Dedication: This story is dedicated to the memory of my friend, Dr. Peter Frazer, who died on May 28, 1994, and to all those who struggle to live in the social world of AIDS.


Final Negotiations: A Story Of Love, Loss, And Chronic Illness, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1994

Final Negotiations: A Story Of Love, Loss, And Chronic Illness, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

"This is a remarkably revealing portrait of a couple dealing with a debilitating chronic illness." --Kirkus Reviews "In this deeply poignant and personal text Carolyn Ellis offers a brilliant account of how the lingering death of a loved one creates the occasion for radical redefinitions of self. Death is a shared project. Loved ones do not always go gently into the good night. This is a story of death, identity, and love. In this work Ellis gives Gene Weinstein the greatest gift of all, a loving death. In so doing, she shows all of us how to do the same ...


There Are Survivors: Telling A Story Of Sudden Death, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1992

There Are Survivors: Telling A Story Of Sudden Death, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

This article is a personal narrative of a family drama enacted in the aftermath of my brother's death in an airplane crash. “True” stories such as this fit in the space between fiction and social science, joining ethnographic and literary writing, and autobiographical and sociological understanding. My goal is to reposition readers vis a vis authors of texts of social science by acknowledging potential for optional readings and encouraging readers to “experience an experience” that can reveal not only how it was for me, but how it could be or once was for them. This experimental form permits researchers ...


Personal Narrative As A Social Approach To Interpersonal Communication, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner Dec 1991

Personal Narrative As A Social Approach To Interpersonal Communication, Carolyn Ellis, Arthur Bochner

Carolyn Ellis

No abstract provided.


Sociological Introspection And Emotional Experience, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1990

Sociological Introspection And Emotional Experience, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

Although social constructionists now study emotions, they neglect what emotion feels like and how it is experienced. This paper argues that social constructionists can and should study how private and social experience are fused in felt emotions. Resurrecting introspection (conscious awareness of awareness or self-examination) as a systematic sociological technique will allow social constructionists to examine emotion as a product of the individual processing of meaning as well as socially shared cognitions. Examining introspection as a sociological process, this paper argues that introspection can generate interpretive materials from self and others useful for understanding the lived experience of emotions. Findings ...


Fisher Folk: Two Communities On Chesapeake Bay, Carolyn Ellis Dec 1985

Fisher Folk: Two Communities On Chesapeake Bay, Carolyn Ellis

Carolyn Ellis

In the backwaters of Chesapeake Bay many people spend days crabbing or shellfishing alone from small boats, speak with local accents reminiscent of Old World forebears, believe and practice fundamental religion, and value their work on the water and raising families over education. Cut off by the water and marshes that provide their livelihood, they have tenaciously maintained their traditional ways of life. In this new book, Carolyn Ellis, who lived among these fisher folk, provides an intimate view of everyday life in two communities on the Bay. She describes the work of crabbing, oyster tonging, and oyster shucking in ...