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2012

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Articles 31 - 60 of 326

Full-Text Articles in History

Steeples And Stacks: Religion And Steel Crisis In Youngstown By Thomas G. Fuechtmann (Review), Jacob Dorn Oct 2012

Steeples And Stacks: Religion And Steel Crisis In Youngstown By Thomas G. Fuechtmann (Review), Jacob Dorn

Jacob Dorn

Review of the book Steeples and Stacks: Religion and Steel Crisis in Youngstown by Thomas G. Fuechtmann.


¿Las Clases Dominantes?, Guillermo Arosemena Oct 2012

¿Las Clases Dominantes?, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Introduction To United Apart: Gender And The Rise Of Craft Unionism, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

Introduction To United Apart: Gender And The Rise Of Craft Unionism, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] The American Federation of Labor entered the twentieth century ensconced as the primary vehicle for the nation's organized workers. As such, the attitudes of the AFL toward women workers provided the basis for virtually all later attempts at organizing women. The cross-gender strikes that are the basis of this book illustrate both the ways in which men and women would move forward united and the ways in which they would remain apart. That both females and males could at times feel drawn together and at other times feel driven apart, and carry both those feelings into their actions ...


Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] The strikes narrated in this paper have illustrated different ways in which individuals' recognition of ethnic identity could interact with their recognition of gender and class identities. In each strike workers' identities developed along with the serial narrative of the particular strike situation. The use of Sartre's concept of the series helps us think about the many possible variations of class, ethnicity, and gender. Though Sartre planned to use his concept of series as a way to examine peoples' class identities, my employment of the concept broadens it to include other categories of identification as well. Using the ...


Samuel Gompers, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

Samuel Gompers, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] Samuel Gompers, founder and president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) for 37 years, was both extraordinary and exemplary of many skilled workers during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.


White Collar/Blue Collar, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

White Collar/Blue Collar, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] Examining the determinants of class for women and the ways men experienced gender will help clarify some of the ambiguous status of the clerical sector, but it will still not answer all of our questions. To understand the place of clerical work in the class structure, we need to examine more than just clerical work itself. A major argument of this book is that understanding the impact of clerical work on overall social stratification requires understanding stratification within the manual working class as well. The status of clerical work would perhaps be much clearer in contrast to that of ...


‘‘Too Hard On The Women, Especially’’: Striking Together For Women Workers’ Issues, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

‘‘Too Hard On The Women, Especially’’: Striking Together For Women Workers’ Issues, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

This essay draws upon a larger study of over forty strikes which involved both male and female strikers in the United States between the years 1887 and 1903. Here the focus of analysis is on those strikes which began with demands raised by women workers. The essay examines the nature of women workers’ demands, the ways in which cooperation with male co-workers altered those demands, and the affect that formal union involvement had on women strikers and their strike demands. Because the original set of case studies examines strikes across the United States, the strikes explored here also highlight a ...


"Give The Boys A Trade": Gender And Job Choice In The 1890s, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

"Give The Boys A Trade": Gender And Job Choice In The 1890s, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] It seems redundant (but is unfortunately not unnecessary) to say that this response emphasizes the gendered nature of the famed "manliness" of turn-of-the-century skilled workers. Davis Montgomery has described how "the workers' code celebrated individual self-assertion, but for the collective good, rather than for self-advancement." The process by which these skilled workers chose their jobs suggests an intermediate step: between the "collective good" of the union and the "self-advancement' of the individual stood the smaller collective unit of the male-headed household. The sense of what it meant to "be a man" thus not only holds the potential of explicating ...


The East In Open Conflict: The Great Strike Of 1993, Lowell Turner Oct 2012

The East In Open Conflict: The Great Strike Of 1993, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

[Excerpt] Because it is impossible in one book to examine all German institutions of negotiation, this book focuses on one important set of relations at the heart of social market regulation: the "social partnership" between labor and management. "Social partnership," a term widely used throughout the European Union but little known in the United States, refers to the nexus—and central political and economic importance—of bargaining relationships between strongly organized employers (in employer associations) and employees (in unions and works councils) that range from comprehensive collective bargaining and plant-level codetermination to vocational training and federal, state, and local economic ...


Becoming A People Of The Library: Reconceptualizing The Church’S Technology For Texts, Transmission, And Transformation, Michael J. Paulus Jr. Oct 2012

Becoming A People Of The Library: Reconceptualizing The Church’S Technology For Texts, Transmission, And Transformation, Michael J. Paulus Jr.

Michael J. Paulus, Jr.

This presentation considers the role of libraries in shaping and preserving the Bible.


Rallying Round Our Liberty, Wendell Dobbs, Leo Welch, Linda Dobbs, Neil Cadle Oct 2012

Rallying Round Our Liberty, Wendell Dobbs, Leo Welch, Linda Dobbs, Neil Cadle

Linda Dobbs

No abstract provided.


Saving The Waifs: Reformers And Dependent Children, 1890-1917 By Leroy Ashby (Review), Jacob Dorn Oct 2012

Saving The Waifs: Reformers And Dependent Children, 1890-1917 By Leroy Ashby (Review), Jacob Dorn

Jacob Dorn

Review of the book Saving the Waifs: Reformers and Dependent Children, 1890-1917 by Leroy Ashby.


Octavius Brooks Frothingham, Gentle Radical By J. Wade Caruthers (Review), Jacob Dorn Oct 2012

Octavius Brooks Frothingham, Gentle Radical By J. Wade Caruthers (Review), Jacob Dorn

Jacob Dorn

Review of the book Octavius Brooks Frothingham, Gentle Radical by J. Wade Caruthers.


How Bad Were The Official Records Of The Federal Convention?, Mary Sarah Bilder Oct 2012

How Bad Were The Official Records Of The Federal Convention?, Mary Sarah Bilder

Mary Sarah Bilder

The official records of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 have been neglected and dismissed by scholars for the last century, largely to due to Max Farrand’s criticisms of both the records and the man responsible for keeping them - Secretary of the Convention William Jackson. This Article disagrees with Farrand’s conclusion that the Convention records were bad, and aims to resurrect the records and Jackson’s reputation. The Article suggests that the endurance of Farrand’s critique arises in part from misinterpretations of certain procedural components of the Convention and failure to appreciate the significance of others, understandable considering ...


O Cidadão E O Estadista, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Oct 2012

O Cidadão E O Estadista, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Fala-se muito em crise, naturalmente em mudanças políticas, e até em regeneração dos partidos. Cremos que esta é fundamental. Ou tal ocorre, ou virá, mais dia menos dia, após esta ou aquela convulsão, a ditadura e o partido único, sob qualquer bandeira, normalmente populista. Muitos estão já a atiçar o lume antipartidário e antidemocrático, como ocorreu noutros tempos. E apontando já os bodes expiatórios a sacrificar, enquanto os verdadeiros responsáveis passam ao largo... Por outro lado, não é Estadista quem quer. São precisas virtudes e qualidades. Não uma competência mitificada e abstrata. Mas projeto político e capacidade, experiência, etc.


White Snake, Black Snake Folk Narrative Meets Master Narrative In Qing Dynasty Sichuanese Cross-Stitch Medallions, Cory Willmott Oct 2012

White Snake, Black Snake Folk Narrative Meets Master Narrative In Qing Dynasty Sichuanese Cross-Stitch Medallions, Cory Willmott

Cory A. Willmott

The cross-stitch medallion in figure 1 was collected by my grandmother, Katherine Willmott, in the early 1920s when she was a missionary in Renshow, Sichuan Province, West China. Many years after I inherited it, I learned that it depicts a folk narrative called “White Snake; Black Snake” that was traditionally performed both on stage in the legitimate theaters and in Chinese shadow puppet dramas (Highbaugh n/d:6).

The story may be summarized as follows: There were two female snakes, White Snake and Black Snake, who were inseparable friends. They both changed into beautiful young women. White Snake got married ...


Agent Orange: History, Science, And The Politics Of Uncertainty, Edwin A. Martini Sep 2012

Agent Orange: History, Science, And The Politics Of Uncertainty, Edwin A. Martini

Edwin A. Martini

Taking on what one former U.S. ambassador called “the last ghost of the Vietnam War,” this book examines the far-reaching impact of Agent Orange, the most infamous of the dioxin-contaminated herbicides used by American forces in Southeast Asia. Edwin A. Martini’s aim is not simply to reconstruct the history of the “chemical war” but to investigate the ongoing controversy over the short- and long-term effects of weaponized defoliants on the environment of Vietnam, on the civilian population, and on the troops who fought on both sides.

Beginning in the early 1960s, when Agent Orange was first deployed in ...


Education And Community Development Among Nineteenth-Century Irish And Contemporary Cambodians In Lowell, Massachusetts, Peter N. Kiang Sep 2012

Education And Community Development Among Nineteenth-Century Irish And Contemporary Cambodians In Lowell, Massachusetts, Peter N. Kiang

Peter Kiang

As cities undergo dramatic demographic changes, schools become important sites of conflict between the interests of established and emerging communities. This article presents a case study of Lowell, Massachusetts, where the second largest Irish community in the country resided during the 1850s, and which is now home to the second largest Cambodian community in the United States. Analysis of nineteenth-century Irish community dynamics, particularly in relation to issues of public education in Lowell, reveals the significance of religious institutions and middle-class entrepreneurs in the process of immigrant community development and highlights important relationships to ethnicity, electoral politics, and economic development ...


A. Philip Randolph And Boston's African-American Railroad Worker, James R. Green, Robert C. Hayden Sep 2012

A. Philip Randolph And Boston's African-American Railroad Worker, James R. Green, Robert C. Hayden

James R. Green

On October 8, 1988, a group of retired Pullman car porters and dining car waiters gathered in Boston's Back Bay Station for the unveiling of a larger-than-life statue of A. Philip Randolph. During the 1920s and 1930s, Randolph was a pioneering black labor leader who led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He came to be considered the "father of the modern civil rights movement" as a result of his efforts to desegregate World War II defense jobs and the military services. Randolph's importance as a militant leader is highlighted by a quote inscribed on the base of ...


A History Of Marshall Academy, Marshall College And Marshall College State Normal School By Virgil A. Lewis, Cora P. Teel Sep 2012

A History Of Marshall Academy, Marshall College And Marshall College State Normal School By Virgil A. Lewis, Cora P. Teel

Cora P. Teel

This history of Marshall Academy, now Marshall University, is a transcription of typescript and holograph manuscript pages written by Virgil Lewis between 1910 and 1912, while he was serving as state archivist of West Virginia. Lewis, as state archivist, had access to sources, many of which are now unavailable to researchers. Of particular note are Lewis's complete transcriptions of the reports of the trustees of Marshall Academy to the Virginia Literary Fund (1839-1846), and his documentation of the years when the academy, later college, came under the control of the Methodist Episcopal Church South (1850-1858).


Marshall University Chronology, Lisle G. Brown, Cora P. Teel Sep 2012

Marshall University Chronology, Lisle G. Brown, Cora P. Teel

Cora P. Teel

A year-by-year listing of selected important events, from the founding of Marshall University in 1837 to the present. This was developed as part of the University's 175th anniversary.


Guide To Rhode Island 11th United States Heavy Artillery (Colored) [Collection] 1853-1913, Russell M. Franks Sep 2012

Guide To Rhode Island 11th United States Heavy Artillery (Colored) [Collection] 1853-1913, Russell M. Franks

Russell M. Franks

A Finding Aid describing the content of the Rhode Island United States Heavy Artillery (Colored) 11th Regiment collection, which consists of official records of the Rhode Island 11th United States Heavy Artillery (Colored) and the personal correspondence of Lt. Allen F. Cameron, who was one of the regiment's officers. The regimental records consist of materials such as regimental reports, orders, rosters, and courts-martial records detailing activities of the regiment, life in the Union Army and treatment of black troops by white officers.


Guide To The William E. Walsh Civil War Diary Collection 1861-1865, Russell M. Franks Sep 2012

Guide To The William E. Walsh Civil War Diary Collection 1861-1865, Russell M. Franks

Russell M. Franks

A guide to the Guide to the William E. Walsh Civil War Diary Collection, which contains an account of William E. Walsh’s experiences as a trooper in the 1st Regiment, Rhode Island Cavalry during the American Civil War of 1861-1865. The account comments on the conditions of daily army life and the tragedy of the Civil War. In addition, a copy of Walsh's enlistment papers and a statement of his military service is included in the collection.


'A Perfect Estopel' : Selling The Nauvoo Temple, Lisle G. Brown Sep 2012

'A Perfect Estopel' : Selling The Nauvoo Temple, Lisle G. Brown

Lisle G Brown

As the Saints prepared to leave Nauvoo, Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve attempted to lease the Nauvoo Temple and sell other Church properties in order to finance the trip west. They hoped to sell the temple and the majority of the buildings to the Catholic Church, but the two groups could not come to an agreement. When Brigham Young left the city, Almon Babbitt, Joseph Heywood, and John Fullmer were left behind to act as trustees. Their difficult task was to settle debts, find purchasers for private properties, sell public buildings and other properties owned by the ...


The Sacred Departments For Temple Work In Nauvoo: The Assembly Room And The Council Chamber, Lisle G. Brown Sep 2012

The Sacred Departments For Temple Work In Nauvoo: The Assembly Room And The Council Chamber, Lisle G. Brown

Lisle G Brown

The paper examines the physical layout of two rooms, one in the upper floor Joseph Smith's store, and the other in the attic of the Nauvoo Temple, for administering what is called the Mormon temple endowment. In both cases only temporary modifications were made to the interior rooms, using canvas partitions which were later removed. The text describes the appearance and arrangement of these modified interior spaces, based on contemporary historical sources, because the original buildings were completely destroyed during the 1800s.


Nauvoo's Temple Square, Lisle G. Brown Sep 2012

Nauvoo's Temple Square, Lisle G. Brown

Lisle G Brown

In 1846 the Mormons abandoned Nauvoo, Illinois, and made their west to Utah. Among the many buildings left behind was the Nauvoo Temple. The temple, which was considered sacred space, was destroyed by arson and tornado, so that nothing of the original survived. This paper examines the history of the fifteen decades of the property after the Mormons left. During this time the lot served as profane space--a site for private residences; various business ventures, including a service station, saloons and a theater; a number of religious buildings; as well as a lighted baseball diamond. Beginning in the 1930s the ...


"Temple Pro Tempore": The Salt Lake City Endowment House, Lisle G. Brown Sep 2012

"Temple Pro Tempore": The Salt Lake City Endowment House, Lisle G. Brown

Lisle G Brown

The Salt Lake City Endowment House, built of adobe, was located on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. It served as a temporary temple during the construction of the Salt Lake Temple. It was completed in 1855 and razed in 1889. Using original floor plans, photographs, maps, and descriptions by persons who participated in its sacretodal activities, the author recreates its exterior and interior appearance. Floor plans and elevations of the building, prepared especially for the paper, are also included. The events leading to is destruction are chronicled. Finally, the author discusses the building’s influence on subsequent Mormon ...


Ecos Do Ipiranga. Autonomia, Cidadania E Justiça No Brasil, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Sep 2012

Ecos Do Ipiranga. Autonomia, Cidadania E Justiça No Brasil, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O grito do Ipiranga é um belo mito de independência. O Brasil é cultural e juridicamente uma realidade que está a construir uma interessantíssima identidade nacional, colhendo dos outros o que interessa, mas sobretudo afirmando-se com autonomia. E já pode exportar produtos jurídicos próprios, como, pela sua visibilidade, a publicidade televisiva das sessões do Supremo Tribunal Federal.


“The Idea Of Freedom Might Be Too Great A Temptation For Them To Resist", Peter J. Aschenbrenner Aug 2012

“The Idea Of Freedom Might Be Too Great A Temptation For Them To Resist", Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

In Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1857), the Supreme Court passed up a chance to thread George Washington’s experience in transporting household staff across state lines; Washington obeyed Pennsylvania’s predicate: that a human being held to slavery in one state became free after six months in Pennsylvania. Since the features of this species of mobilia varied with the jurisdiction, the Supreme Court should have taken this landscape into account. George Washington did not import, with his household workers, ‘rules and understandings’ from Virginia.


Table Annexed To Article: Wrongfully ‘Established And Maintained’: A Census Of Congress’S Sins Against Geography, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Aug 2012

Table Annexed To Article: Wrongfully ‘Established And Maintained’: A Census Of Congress’S Sins Against Geography, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Taney, C.J. opined, for a majority of the Supreme Court, that Congress lacked the power to establish and maintain colonies as a system by which nascent states were groomed by Congress to join an expanding union. Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1857). Did Congress wrongfully acquire half a continent? And what was the state of the union as of the Dred Scott decision?