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2012

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Full-Text Articles in History

International Terrorism And Television Channels:Operation And Regulation Of Tv News Channel During Coverage Of Terrorism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Dec 2012

International Terrorism And Television Channels:Operation And Regulation Of Tv News Channel During Coverage Of Terrorism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The concept of globalization or internationalization of certain wars, which were result of terrorist activities worldwide , as well as the high attention of terrorism coverage broadcast worldwide might open up better opportunities to journalists – particularly to those who work in democratic countries like U.S.A and India – to improve their coverage. The context is the key: the context of the operation methodology, follow of guidelines of regulatory bodies,and of the journalistic culture and of the global environment. It is very important how media presents consequences of terrorist acts, how information is transmitted to public. Television and press have ...


Medicine In The Americas, Kristine A. Petre Mls, Cm, Ahip Dec 2012

Medicine In The Americas, Kristine A. Petre Mls, Cm, Ahip

Kristine A Petre, MLS, CM, AHIP

Medicine in the Americas is a freely available, searchable collection of historical medical Americana. The collection is part of the Digital Collections repository at the National Library of Medicine’s online digital archives. This review discusses the contents, searching functions, and additional features available in the collection.


Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2012

Sex Ratio In Mumbai, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender equity has been a prominent aspect of equity concerns in public policy. The gender dimension has led to widespread advocacy and focused attention on equity in other than economic areas, such as education, health, decision-making, violence against women and political participation. The human development approach offers a capability-based approach to gender equity in development that is a departure from traditions focused on income and growth. Gender concerns have given the approach the power and flexibility to encompass aspects of inequality that would otherwise go unremarked. Its sensitivity to gender in turn has made it sensitive to a range of ...


Myth Of Indian Nuke Doctrine (Cpc Journal, No.1038, Us Air Force, Alabama, Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Dec 2012

Myth Of Indian Nuke Doctrine (Cpc Journal, No.1038, Us Air Force, Alabama, Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

No abstract provided.


Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Impostos E Alternativas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O Tribunal Constitucional terá que muito provavelmente apreciar o OGE para 2013. Será uma prova decisiva para a nossa democracia e a II República. Façamos entretanto um recuo e lembremos, ainda que muito sucintamente, os problemas de legitimação de qualquer tributação, e o contrato social para que remete. Será também que, como se dizia nos tempos da "dama de ferro", "there is no alternative"? Há sempre alternativas. Por isso é que há política e não mera tecnocracia. Há sempre Política. E sempre pode haver outras políticas, desde que haja políticos com coragem, imaginação e competência.


Review: The Unexpected Exodus: How The Cold War Displaced One Southern Town, Diane Fulkerson Dec 2012

Review: The Unexpected Exodus: How The Cold War Displaced One Southern Town, Diane Fulkerson

Diane M. Fulkerson

Review of the non-fiction book "The Unexpected Exodus: How the Cold War Displaced One Southern Town," by Louise Cassels.


Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2012

Massa E Elite. Uma Lição Da 'Renascença Portuguesa', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há muitos mitos e preconceitos sobre o elitismo e o seu papel em democracia. Confunde-se elite com oligarquia, por exemplo. Desde a Antiga Grécia que os regimes mais perfeitos eram mistos, em que não havia um único princípio a governar, mas vários. Hoje que as manifestações enchem as ruas e as massas podem ter maior protagonismo (já o estão a ter) é preciso refletir sobre o papel das massas e de como se relacionam com as elites. Um contributo para essa reflexão está já no movimento da Renascença Portuguesa, que se encontra em tempo de comemoração, mas também revisitação crítica ...


Feminism And Medieval Studies: A Report From Chapel Hill, Merrimon Crawford, Alison Smith Dec 2012

Feminism And Medieval Studies: A Report From Chapel Hill, Merrimon Crawford, Alison Smith

Dr Alison Smith

No abstract provided.


Slavery And The Evangelical Enlightenment From "Religion And The Antebellum Debate Over Slavery (Univ. Of Georgia Press)", Robert P. Forbes Dec 2012

Slavery And The Evangelical Enlightenment From "Religion And The Antebellum Debate Over Slavery (Univ. Of Georgia Press)", Robert P. Forbes

Robert P Forbes

This essay shows how Scottish Common-Sense rationalism and evangelical religion conjoined in the later eighteenth century to create a powerful, mutually-reinforcing “Evangelical Enlightenment” with powerful antislavery implications. The defeat of Napoleon in 1815 cleared the way for an unprecedented wave of socially-progressive, religiously-undergirded American nationalism. This threat stimulated slaveholders and their allies to defend the institution through strategies designed to preclude the alliance of a powerful national state with the sanction of religion—the only combination powerful enough to overthrow slavery in a free republic.


Capital Intelectual, Guillermo Arosemena Dec 2012

Capital Intelectual, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Patching The Ark: Improving Legal Protection Of Biological Diversity, Holly Doremus Nov 2012

Patching The Ark: Improving Legal Protection Of Biological Diversity, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

Critiques the species-by-species approach of the 1973 Endangered Species Act (ESA) and discusses more holistic alternatives; US.


Table Annexed To Article: Hamilton And Madison Deploy ‘Constitution’ Surveyed By Percent Of Words In Source, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Nov 2012

Table Annexed To Article: Hamilton And Madison Deploy ‘Constitution’ Surveyed By Percent Of Words In Source, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

In the last of three articles, OCL surveys the deployment of ‘constitution’ through The Federalist Papers, the bank bill debates and the remainder of Madison’s life (post-presidency). Numeric values for hits are computed for the range of semantic values, with the focus being constitution = text (locatable in only one place) competing with constitution = government. A net score is proposed which measures the effort an author has expended to ‘cleanse’ his semantic palette by employing one semantic value over a competing value.


Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2012

Da Universidade. Reflexão Jurídica Em Tempo De Crise, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há princípios constitucionais para as Universidades. É bom que tal não se esqueça num tempo em que a Constituição está, mais que metida na gaveta, apedrejada todos os dias. E há princípios de bom senso, também. A Universidade não pode ser desvirtuada nem por asfixia financeira, nem por burocracia antidemocrática, nem por modismos que distraiam os professores (e até os estudantes) dos fins naturais e primaciais que tem: aprender e ensinar.


A Study Of Japanese Animation, Michele Gibney Nov 2012

A Study Of Japanese Animation, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

This paper takes a sociological approach to the question of popular culture’s ability in Japan--specifically that of Japanese animation--to be reflective of the country's sociological concerns. This is not to say that all anime shows consciously reflect Japanese life, but by extrapolation of recurrent themes one can construct a model of certain sociological issues in Japan. The author split the paper up into five sections each of which tackles a different theme. These sections are: Education, Social and Class Differences, Environment, Post-Nuclear Visions, and An Emergent Feminism. The main point that the author conveys in each section is ...


Freedom Of Media In India: A Weapon To Kill Enemies Or Protection Guard For Public-The Two Sides, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2012

Freedom Of Media In India: A Weapon To Kill Enemies Or Protection Guard For Public-The Two Sides, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"The press [is] the only tocsin of a nation. [When it] is completely silenced... all means of a general effort [are] taken away." --Thomas Jefferson "Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression" is a fundamental right of the citizens of India. This is mentioned in Part III of the Constitution of India - Article 19(1). This Article is so wide in scope that Freedom of the Press is included in Freedom of Speech and Expression. It includes the right of free propagation and free circulation without any previous restraint on publication. The freedom of speech and expression does not give ...


Los "Popol Wuj" Y Sus Epistemologías: Las Diferencias, El Conocimiento Y Los Ciclos Del Infinito, Carlos M. López Nov 2012

Los "Popol Wuj" Y Sus Epistemologías: Las Diferencias, El Conocimiento Y Los Ciclos Del Infinito, Carlos M. López

Carlos M. López

In this book the author studies one of the documents contained in the Ayer MS 1515, commonly known as the Popol Wuj (or Vuh). This text constitutes a fragmentary but not necessarily coherent corpus of writings, however, it still is a very important piece of the cultural and epistemological discourse of some of the pre-colonial Mesoamerican civilizations. Another important characteristic of this text is the superposition of multiple re-phonetizations and translations to which the text has been subjected. This transforms it into a text written under conditions of coloniality that encompasses several layers of meanings intersected by Western concepts. The ...


Brisa De Anomia - Da Constituição Real Ao Quotidiano Incompetente, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2012

Brisa De Anomia - Da Constituição Real Ao Quotidiano Incompetente, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há vários sintomas de mal estar social, todos sabemos. Desde uma Constituição que parece ter passado a nominal ou semântica em algumas dimensões ao menos, não por culpa sua mas de quem a deveria cumprir, até ao esboroar das relações laborais e ao crescendo da insatisfação laboral de quem trabalha, a par do crescendo do desemprego, ou à falta de boa fé contratual... Sente-se ainda que muitos serviços estão a funcionar mal, mercê da precaridade dos contratos dos trabalhadores, promovidos a verdes colaboradores muitas vezes... Ainda parece, em geral, viver-se sob a lei, mas já há muitas bolsas de torto ...


The Insanity Defense: Guilty By Reason Of Hinckley?, Bruce Berner Nov 2012

The Insanity Defense: Guilty By Reason Of Hinckley?, Bruce Berner

Bruce G. Berner

No abstract provided.


Immigrants On The Land: Agriculture, Rural Life, And Small Towns (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan Nov 2012

Immigrants On The Land: Agriculture, Rural Life, And Small Towns (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan

Marjorie L. McLellan

No abstract provided.


When Barbie Dated Gi Joe: America's Romance With Cold War Toys (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan Nov 2012

When Barbie Dated Gi Joe: America's Romance With Cold War Toys (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan

Marjorie L. McLellan

No abstract provided.


The Haymakers: A Chronicle Of Five Farm Families By Steven R. Hoffbeck (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan Nov 2012

The Haymakers: A Chronicle Of Five Farm Families By Steven R. Hoffbeck (Review), Marjorie L. Mclellan

Marjorie L. McLellan

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Indian Split: Fractures Of Consciousness In The Colonial Philippines; Critical Edition And Study Of The Symposia Of The Truth Of Pedro De Quiroga, Maria Marsilli Nov 2012

Review Of The Indian Split: Fractures Of Consciousness In The Colonial Philippines; Critical Edition And Study Of The Symposia Of The Truth Of Pedro De Quiroga, Maria Marsilli

María Marsilli

No abstract provided.


What Are America’S Obligations To Iraq After An Unjust War?, Brian Stiltner Nov 2012

What Are America’S Obligations To Iraq After An Unjust War?, Brian Stiltner

Brian Stiltner

Since the goal of a just war is to restore a political condition of peace and justice, and since allowing a just war is always a mournful concession to the reality of injustice, a country that wins a war has post-bellum obligations to advance the common good within the losing nation and among the community of nations. It has the moral duty to make up for the damage it has caused, even if it was justified in causing that damage. (Note that the idea of a "just" war is not that war is a good in itself, but that it ...


The University Of Massachusetts Medical School, A History: Integrating Primary Care And Biomedical Research, Ellen S. More Nov 2012

The University Of Massachusetts Medical School, A History: Integrating Primary Care And Biomedical Research, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

The University of Massachusetts Medical School was chartered in 1962 and opened in 1970, one of the cohort of medical schools founded in response to fears of a physician shortage. In Massachusetts, this translated into a call for more opportunities for the state’s students to attend an affordable school where, it was hoped, they would deliver primary care to the people of their home state. Yet, the original dean and faculty, most of whom were recruited from Boston medical schools, were equally devoted to basic research and tertiary care medicine. This book tells the story of the school’s ...


Una Breve Historia De Políticas Sobre Drogas, O Por Qué Declaramos La Guerra A Unas Drogas Y No A Otras, David T. Courtwright Nov 2012

Una Breve Historia De Políticas Sobre Drogas, O Por Qué Declaramos La Guerra A Unas Drogas Y No A Otras, David T. Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

El comercio de ultramar y la expansión europea durante los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII convirtieron las sustancias psicoactivas, incluidos el tabaco y las bebidas alcohólicas, en productos globales. Desde sus inicios, el comercio de estos productos generó controversias. Los médicos discutían acerca de las indicaciones, dosis y riesgos de las drogas importadas. Cuando el uso de éstas se extendió más allá del campo de la medicina, el Estado intervino. Algunos gobernantes recurrieron a la mutilación y las ejecuciones para hacer cumplir las prohibiciones, particularmente la que pesaba contra fumar tabaco. Ninguno tuvo éxito en erradicar este nuevo vicio ni ...


A Short History Of Drug Policy Or Why We Make War On Some Drugs But Not On Others, David T. Courtwright Nov 2012

A Short History Of Drug Policy Or Why We Make War On Some Drugs But Not On Others, David T. Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

Overseas trade and European expansion in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries turned psychoactive drugs, including spirituous alcohol and tobacco, into global products. From the beginning, the commerce provoked controversy. Doctors argued about the indications, dosages, and risks of imported drugs. When use spread beyond medicine, the state became involved. Some rulers resorted to mutilation and execution to enforce prohibitions, especially against tobacco smoking. None succeeded in stamping out the novel vice or in suppressing the cultivation of tobacco, which quickly became a global crop. ‘Mankind has found too few comforts,’ wrote historian V.G. Kiernan, ‘to let itself be ...


Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel Nov 2012

Women Power Connect Obituary Mrinal Gore: Vibhuti Patel, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

On 17th July 2012, Mrinal Gore passed away. With her demise, an era of women freedom fighters with feminist sensitivities in praxis is over. Inspired by Quit India Movement under leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, 14 year old young girl Mrinal became active in the freedom movement. Drawn to political and social causes, she gave up a promising career in medicine in order to organise the poorest and most powerless. She married her comrade, Shri Keshav Gore and when he died at a young age in 1958, she founded Keshav Gore Smarak Bhavan which provided democratic platform to progressive forces for ...


Agency, Structures And Peru: Action And In-Action During 1980-2000, Kimberly A. Protzel Nov 2012

Agency, Structures And Peru: Action And In-Action During 1980-2000, Kimberly A. Protzel

Kimberly Protzel

The Shining Path along with Alberto Fujimori's presidency in Peru (encompassing the years 1980-2000) created a terrifying chaos that was wound up in both state and insurgent terrorism, corruption, and massacres. While this chaos is inextricably linked to Peru's history, I fear is being all too quickly forgotten. My main motivation behind this research has been to take a step towards increasing awareness of these events and the many reasons behind them: the agenic nature of some versus the lack of it in others, structures developed by colonialism, and most terrifyingly of all - willful ignorance. By understanding these ...


Jerusalem: From The Ottomans To The British By Roberto Mazza (Review), Awad Halabi Nov 2012

Jerusalem: From The Ottomans To The British By Roberto Mazza (Review), Awad Halabi

Awad Halabi

Review of the book Jerusalem: From the Ottomans to the British by Roberto Mazza.


Jerusalem: From The Ottomans To The British By Roberto Mazza (Review), Awad Halabi Nov 2012

Jerusalem: From The Ottomans To The British By Roberto Mazza (Review), Awad Halabi

Awad Halabi

Review of the book Jerusalem: From the Ottomans to the British by Roberto Mazza.