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Full-Text Articles in History

Teaching Big History, Richard B. Simon, Mojgan Behmand, Thomas Burke, Esther Quaedackers, Seohyung Kim, Kiowa Bower, Neal Wolfe, James B. Cunningham, Cynthia Taylor, Martin Anderson, J. Daniel May, Philip Novak, Debbie Daunt, Jaime Castner, Ethan Annis, Amy E. Gilbert, Anne Reid, Suzanne Roybal, Alan Schut, Cynthia Brown, Harlan Stelmach Jun 2016

Teaching Big History, Richard B. Simon, Mojgan Behmand, Thomas Burke, Esther Quaedackers, Seohyung Kim, Kiowa Bower, Neal Wolfe, James B. Cunningham, Cynthia Taylor, Martin Anderson, J. Daniel May, Philip Novak, Debbie Daunt, Jaime Castner, Ethan Annis, Amy E. Gilbert, Anne Reid, Suzanne Roybal, Alan Schut, Cynthia Brown, Harlan Stelmach

Harlan Stelmach

Big History is a new field on a grand scale: it tells the story of the universe over time through a diverse range of disciplines that spans cosmology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, evolutionary biology, anthropology, and archaeology, thereby reconciling traditional human history with environmental geography and natural history.Weaving the myriad threads of evidence-based human knowledge into a master narrative that stretches from the beginning of the universe to the present, the Big History framework helps students make sense of their studies in all disciplines by illuminating the structures that underlie the universe and the connections among them.Teaching Big ...


The Ilo And The Regulation Of White Lead In Britain During The Interwar Years: An Examination Of International And National Campaigns In Occupational Health, John Alfred Heitmann Jun 2016

The Ilo And The Regulation Of White Lead In Britain During The Interwar Years: An Examination Of International And National Campaigns In Occupational Health, John Alfred Heitmann

John A. Heitmann

Despite the International Labour Organization's (ILO) significance for much of the twentieth century, little has been written on its early history. This case study examines the thin tightrope that the ILO had to walk in balancing the needs and demands of government, employers and labor related to the ILO's Convention No. 13 (1921), "White Lead in Painting.' Great Britain was a leading producer of the pigment white lead prior to the First World War. A government investigation was published in 1915, but measures were shelved during the War. With the peace, the focus of activity shifted to the ...


Review: 'The Science Of Describing: Natural History In Renaissance Europe', John Alfred Heitmann Jun 2016

Review: 'The Science Of Describing: Natural History In Renaissance Europe', John Alfred Heitmann

John A. Heitmann

The author of this book has written a beautifully crafted monograph on Renais- sance natural history. This is a learned, scholarly, and analytical work that goes well beyond surveys in the history of science or Renaissance history, yet at the same time is eminently readable and at times rather entertaining, no mean feat when considering the subject matter. Where else can one learn of the early natural history of the walrus and the bird of paradise? For this reviewer, who gained an extensive background in the history of Renaissance science while in graduate school long ago, but then moved on ...


Doing 'True Science': The Early History Of The 'Institutum Divi Thomae,' 1935-1951, John Alfred Heitmann Jun 2016

Doing 'True Science': The Early History Of The 'Institutum Divi Thomae,' 1935-1951, John Alfred Heitmann

John A. Heitmann

This essay focuses on the origins and early history of the Institutum Divi Thomae (hereafter referred to as the IDT or Institutum), thus describing one particularly rich episode illustrating the relationship between American Catholicism and science during the middle of the twentieth century. The IDT was established by the Archdiocese of Cincinnati in 1935; its faculty and students, while working in the area of cancer research, published hundreds of scientific and technical papers, developed a number of commercial products, and received considerable publicity in both the religious and secular press during the first two decades of its existence. However, with ...


Review: 'Sloss Furnaces And The Rise Of The Birmingham District: An Industrial Epic', John Alfred Heitmann Jun 2016

Review: 'Sloss Furnaces And The Rise Of The Birmingham District: An Industrial Epic', John Alfred Heitmann

John A. Heitmann

Ask a displaced Alabamian (as I did) about their memories of Birmingham, and chances are the first words uttered go something like "dirty, sooty, and poor." During the second half of the twentieth century life rarely got better, as Birmingham was left behind while neighboring Atlanta's reputation, and population, waxed greatly. In short, Birmingham in our time emerged with a rust-belt image, despite its being geographically situated well within the sunbelt, and with its sense of place being negatively attenuated further by the accumulation. of generations of racial injustice. How did Birmingham get that way?


Food Matters: Alonso Quijano’S Diet And The Discourse Of Early Modern Food In Spain, Carolyn Nadeau Feb 2016

Food Matters: Alonso Quijano’S Diet And The Discourse Of Early Modern Food In Spain, Carolyn Nadeau

Carolyn A Nadeau

In the second sentence of Don Quixote, Cervantes describes the diet of the protagonist, Alonso Quijano: “A stew made of more beef than mutton, cold salad on most nights, abstinence eggs on Saturdays, lentils on Fridays, and an additional squab on Sundays.” Through an inventive and original engagement with this text, Carolyn A. Nadeau explores the shifts in Spain’s cultural and gastronomic history. Using cooking manuals, novels, poems, dietary treatises, and other texts, she brings to light the figurative significance of foodstuffs and culinary practices in early modern Spain. Drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu and Stephen Mennell ...


Research Note: Without A Trace: The Disappearance Of Jeremiah Brophy, Patricia Fanning Dec 2015

Research Note: Without A Trace: The Disappearance Of Jeremiah Brophy, Patricia Fanning

Patricia J. Fanning

No abstract provided.


An Intimate Affair: Women, Lingerie, And Sexuality, Margaret Lowe Dec 2015

An Intimate Affair: Women, Lingerie, And Sexuality, Margaret Lowe

Margaret Lowe

No abstract provided.


Collaborative Writing: History And Art History, Kathleen Ashley Dec 2015

Collaborative Writing: History And Art History, Kathleen Ashley

Kathleen M. Ashley

No abstract provided.


Andrew Curran, “The Anatomy Of Blackness: Science And Slavery In An Age Of Enlightenment”, Marshall Poe, Andrew Curran Dec 2015

Andrew Curran, “The Anatomy Of Blackness: Science And Slavery In An Age Of Enlightenment”, Marshall Poe, Andrew Curran

Andrew Curran

We've dealt with the question of how racial categories and conceptions evolve on New Books in History before, most notably in our interview with Nell Irving Painter. She told us about the history of "Whiteness." Today we'll return to the history of racial ideas and listen to Andrew Curran explain the history of "Blackness."

Doubtless Europeans have noted that different humans from different parts of the globe look different for millennia. But it was only relatively recently, as Curran explains in The Anatomy of Blackness: Science and Slavery in an Age of Enlightenment (Johns Hopkins UP, 2011), that ...


The Babsonian 1925, Julian Woodcock, James Liddle, Henry Andretta, Charles Ross, Cyril Fitch, James Davis, James Keenan, E. Price Dec 2015

The Babsonian 1925, Julian Woodcock, James Liddle, Henry Andretta, Charles Ross, Cyril Fitch, James Davis, James Keenan, E. Price

James G. Keenan

This is a digitized, downloadable version of the yearbook. Downloading the full yearbook will take a long time. We have divided it into sections for easier access.


Pathways To Power: Physicians In Charleston, South Carolina, 1790-1860, David Brown Dec 2015

Pathways To Power: Physicians In Charleston, South Carolina, 1790-1860, David Brown

David C. Brown

This dissertation tells of the efforts of a group of scientifically trained physicians in Charleston, South Carolina to gain power and authority within their profession, and their community, during the Antebellum Period. Physicians were not ultimately able to declare professional supremacy and near monopolistic authority in health care until scientists discovered microscopic pathogens during the bacteriological revolution of the last half of the nineteenth century. This work begins with a brief review of the medical history of Charleston and its physicians and recounts the difficulties faced as they tried to establish themselves as medical authorities in a new world. The ...


How The Other Half Lives, Margaret Lowe Dec 2015

How The Other Half Lives, Margaret Lowe

Margaret Lowe

No abstract provided.


The Flow Of History Along Plum Run, Walter Cressler Dec 2015

The Flow Of History Along Plum Run, Walter Cressler

Walt Cressler

Plum Run is a small tributary of Brandywine Creek that originates on the campus of West Chester University and flows for approximately three miles to the southwest to join the Brandywine just downstream from the Brandywine Picnic Park in Lenape. Its east branch flows through West Chester University's Robert B. Gordon Area of Environmental Studies.


Emerging Identities In Colonial Tunisia: "Alliancist" And Zionist Representations In Tunis Prior To World War I, Joy Land Dec 2015

Emerging Identities In Colonial Tunisia: "Alliancist" And Zionist Representations In Tunis Prior To World War I, Joy Land

Joy A. Land PhD

By 1900 the Jewish community of Tunisia witnessed the emergence of new competing identities: “assimilationist” of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, termed “Alliancist,” and Zionist. Strikingly, two members of the same family in Tunis, Raymond Valensi, President of the AIU Regional Committee, and Alfred Valensi, President of the Zionist Federation, led the struggle for their separate causes. In his discussion of identity in the modern world, Homi Bhabha asks, "How do strategies of representation or empowerment come to be formulated in the competing claims of communities…where, despite shared histories of …discrimination, the exchange of values, meanings and priorities…may be ...


Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright Nov 2015

Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

Just over a century ago, in March 1915, the Harrison Narcotic Act took effect, requiring anyone who imported, produced, sold, or dispensed “narcotics” (at that time meaning coca- as well as opium-based drugs) to register, pay a nominal tax, and keep detailed records. With such records, officials could better enforce existing laws, such as those requiring sale by prescription only. They could also prosecute unregistered narcotics distributors such as saloonkeepers and street peddlers. The intent was to keep narcotic transactions within legitimate medical channels. For more than a decade, U.S. reformers and diplomats had been urging this course on ...


The Restoration Of The Port Of Philadelphia, 1783-1789, George Geib Nov 2015

The Restoration Of The Port Of Philadelphia, 1783-1789, George Geib

George W. Geib

George W. Geib's contribution to American Neptune, Vol. 32, No. 4.


The Horns Of The North: Historical Sources Of J. R. R. Tolkien's Trilogy, George Geib Nov 2015

The Horns Of The North: Historical Sources Of J. R. R. Tolkien's Trilogy, George Geib

George W. Geib

Few books have enjoyed the publishing success seen in the last decade by J. R. R. Tolkien's epic fantasy trilogy, The Lord of the Rings. Since the time of its paperback appearance in 1965 the work has not only attracted wide popular readership but has also stimulated a considerable body of scholarly criticism.1 As a work of fantasy, Tolkien's tale of struggle surrounding a ring of power has attracted most of its commentators to the areas of myth and linguistics, two of the sources upon which the author relied most heavily. Yet for all its epic dimensions ...


The Land Ordinance Of 1785: A Bicentennial Review, George Geib Nov 2015

The Land Ordinance Of 1785: A Bicentennial Review, George Geib

George W. Geib

Geroge Geib reviews the historical impact of the Land Ordinance of 1785 200 years after its passage.


Liberty's Legacy: A Review Essay, George Geib Nov 2015

Liberty's Legacy: A Review Essay, George Geib

George W. Geib

Review essay of Liberty's Legacy, a traveling exhibit chronicling documents pertaining to the Northwest Ordinance and the Constitution.


An Elector's Notebook, George Geib Nov 2015

An Elector's Notebook, George Geib

George W. Geib

George Geib's invited editor's comment.


Teaching To American History Survey, William Scott Nov 2015

Teaching To American History Survey, William Scott

Will Scott

No abstract provided.


Une Amérique Française, 1760-1860: Dynamiques Du Corridor Créole, Guillaume Teasdale, Tangi Villerbu Nov 2015

Une Amérique Française, 1760-1860: Dynamiques Du Corridor Créole, Guillaume Teasdale, Tangi Villerbu

Guillaume Teasdale

De la Louisiane à Détroit, en passant par Sainte-Geneviève, Saint-Louis ou Vincennes, ce sont tous les pôles de développement de cette Amérique française qui sont analysés, du temps des révolutions atlantiques à la veille de la Guerre de Sécession quand les Etats-Unis cherchent encore la meilleure définition d'eux-mêmes et que les francophones doivent trouver leur place dans les évolutions de la jeune République. En croisant l'histoire culturelle et celles des relations internationales, les approches genrées et l'histoire des missionaires, l'histoire des réseaux migratoires et celle du patrimoine, la question de la langue et celle du métissage ...


Translating History From Tangut Buddhist Texts, Ruth Dunnell Nov 2015

Translating History From Tangut Buddhist Texts, Ruth Dunnell

Ruth Dunnell

No abstract provided.


Joe Hill Centenary And Iww Songs In Australia, Mark Gregory Oct 2015

Joe Hill Centenary And Iww Songs In Australia, Mark Gregory

Mark Gregory

No abstract provided.


Review: 'Spirit And Flesh: Life In A Fundamentalist Baptist Church', William Trollinger Oct 2015

Review: 'Spirit And Flesh: Life In A Fundamentalist Baptist Church', William Trollinger

Bill Trollinger

If there is a better study of fundamentalism at the local level than Spirit and Flesh, I have not read it. In this book, sociologist and filmmaker James Ault expands on his award-winning documentary, Born Again, to give us a richly detailed report of his three years as a participant-observer in a fundamentalist Baptist church (referred to as Shawmut River) in Worcester, Massachusetts. He describes Sunday morning worship, Wednesday evening services, and home Bible studies; he discusses how the congregation dealt with divorce, teenage pregnancy, and alcoholism, and how their fundamentalist faith helped “reorder” (and failed to “reorder”) their family ...


Review: 'Anabaptist World Usa', William Trollinger Oct 2015

Review: 'Anabaptist World Usa', William Trollinger

Bill Trollinger

No abstract provided.


Addictions Old And New, David Courtwright Oct 2015

Addictions Old And New, David Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

Conference on addiction at the University of Richmond, October 22-23, 2015.


Peach Pubescence--On Second Thought Radio, William Thomas Okie Oct 2015

Peach Pubescence--On Second Thought Radio, William Thomas Okie

William Okie

Abstract forhtcoming


Passing Through: A Review Of 'Jewish Exile In India 1933-1945', Haimanti Roy Oct 2015

Passing Through: A Review Of 'Jewish Exile In India 1933-1945', Haimanti Roy

Haimanti Roy

The brutal persecution of the Jews during World War II by the fascist regimes, and their ·consequent flight from Europe to escape Hitler's "Final Solution" have given rise to a rich body of literature which is as vast as it is diverse. Social scientists, in their turn, have grappled with the whys and hows of this meaningless racial repression and have debated at length on the Jews' poignant search for a homeland in Palestine. The en masse migration of the Jews (while it was still possible, until 1939 when, with the outbreak of World War II, all shipping came ...