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Full-Text Articles in History

Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr. May 2019

Using Charms For Sympathy: The Verbal Powwow Tradition In The American South, Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

Jack G. Montgomery Jr.

No abstract provided.


No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome Apr 2019

No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome

Dermot M Groome

The conduct and quality of investigations pursued by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have come under increasing scrutiny and criticism from judges on the Court. Criticism is directed at the time and length of investigations; the quality of the evidence advanced in court; the inappropriate delegation of investigative functions, and the failure to interview witnesses in a way that is consistent with the Prosecution’s obligation to conduct investigations fairly under Article 54 of the Rome Statute. This essay explores these criticisms and concludes that the judges are justified in their concerns regarding the Prosecution ...


Review Of Port Kembla: A Memoir (2019) - A Local History That Captures The Diversity Of Australia, Rowan Cahill Apr 2019

Review Of Port Kembla: A Memoir (2019) - A Local History That Captures The Diversity Of Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of the book by Pam Menzies, 'Port Kembla: A Memoir', an account of the history of the industrial town of Port Kembla on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. In the process of reviewing the book, Cahill ruminates on the nature of 'local history' as a cultural industry in Australia, and as a democratic activity. 


Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 9: The South Asian Connection, Charles H. Smith, Sahotra Sarkar, Nirmali Wijegoonawardana Dec 2018

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 9: The South Asian Connection, Charles H. Smith, Sahotra Sarkar, Nirmali Wijegoonawardana

Charles H. Smith

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823−1913) is best known for his natural history explorations and theoretical biology, but he was also a potent social critic on subjects ranging from land tenure and colonial policy to antivaccinationism and poverty. Here, one of his emphases in the latter domain is spotlighted: his interest in South Asian affairs. This extended to a variety of subjects in the areas of politics, economics, health, literature, sociology, etc., and to a degree that may have had some influence on the development of thought of some major South Asian figures, including Mahatma Gandhi and Ananda K. Coomaraswamy.  


Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

Educational Reformer & Christian Soldier: General Oliver Otis Howard, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Contemporaries of Oliver Otis Howard and historians alike have disagreed on the degree of his success as a Civil War general and as commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau.  Some describe his performance as inept and others as skillful.  Some laud his Christian example while others believe that he allowed his religious and political beliefs to diminish his efforts.  Whatever one’s perspective, evidence indicates that Howard’s political and religious beliefs influenced his actions as Civil War general and as Freedmen’s Bureau commissioner, and—although he experienced some failure in both arenas—his leadership is exemplified by what ...


World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2018

World War Ii And Its Impact On Education, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

A cost rarely considered in the study of war is its impact on education.  Government budgets shift funding from schools to armies.  Parents and teachers go off to war or modify their own activities to support the cause.  Older students prepare to fight while younger ones are evacuated or kept safe at home.  Educational experiences are certainly different for students in war-torn countries than for those in countries far from battle.  Nevertheless, war impacts education in a number of ways, and there are many examples of how World War II certainly did this.       


The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill Oct 2018

The Far Left In Australia, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of The Far Left in Australia Since 1945, edited by Jon Piccini, Evan Smith and Matthew Worley (Routledge, 2019).


Prophetic Rhetoric And Natural Rights - Mlk Mountaintop.Pptx, Jon P. Radwan Oct 2018

Prophetic Rhetoric And Natural Rights - Mlk Mountaintop.Pptx, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

No abstract provided.


The Significance Of John S. Mbiti's Works In The Study Of Pan-African Literature, Babacar Mbaye Sep 2018

The Significance Of John S. Mbiti's Works In The Study Of Pan-African Literature, Babacar Mbaye

Babacar Mbaye

No abstract provided.


Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray Aug 2018

Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray

Audrey Gray

How is a cultural identity created, defined, and used?  In this study, I have traced Bethnal Green’s cultural identity in the period between 1550 and1945.  It was a cultural identity defined by poverty, but also by hope; residents were poor but scrappy, able to make do with the worst of circumstances.  That cultural identity defined the area to outsiders; it was also embraced by the residents.   Following the area’s path from an idyllic and genteel area to an overcrowded slum, I have traced the experience of poverty, and the development and impact of poverty relief, from the perspective ...


Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray Aug 2018

Gray Dissertation Submission.Pdf, Audrey Gray

Audrey Gray

How is a cultural identity created, defined, and used?  In this study, I have traced Bethnal Green’s cultural identity in the period between 1550 and1945.  It was a cultural identity defined by poverty, but also by hope; residents were poor but scrappy, able to make do with the worst of circumstances.  That cultural identity defined the area to outsiders; it was also embraced by the residents.   Following the area’s path from an idyllic and genteel area to an overcrowded slum, I have traced the experience of poverty, and the development and impact of poverty relief, from the perspective ...


New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway Jun 2018

New Wine In Old Kings: British Wine Bottle Names And The Old Testament, Steven W. Holloway

Steven W Holloway

No abstract provided.


Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet Apr 2018

Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

No abstract provided.


Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer Jan 2018

Pulse - A Consultation, Barry J. Mauer

Barry Mauer

On June 12, 2016, Omar Mateen killed 49 people and injured 53 at the Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida. We may never know or understand what was in Mateen’s mind, but we can situate his attack within the history of eliminationism in America. Islamist terrorism is just part of a larger phenomenon: right wing eliminationism. But despite centuries of right wing eliminationist words and deeds in the U.S., there is little or no mainstream recognition of the phenomenon. Instead, we are treated to more denial, more distraction, more obfuscation. Until we look this problem squarely in the face ...


Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp Dec 2017

Exclusion And Inclusion In The Legal Professions: Negotiating Gender In Central Europe, 1887-1945, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Bicycle Messenger Boys And The Evolution Of American Labor Laws, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2017

Bicycle Messenger Boys And The Evolution Of American Labor Laws, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

This article examines how bicycle messenger boys found themselves entwined in evolving American labor laws from 1890-1940. Anti-child labor organizations such as the National Child Labor Committee used exposés of the working conditions of messenger boys to help force passage of the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act. Beyond child labor laws, bicycle messenger boys also shaped workplace liability and worker’s compensation laws. Companies who employed bicycle messengers who were injured or killed on the job usually claimed the boys owned their own bicycles and worked as independent contractors rather than employees therefore absolving themselves of liability.


Jonathan Edwards: Educational Philosophy And Practice, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2017

Jonathan Edwards: Educational Philosophy And Practice, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

Most narratives on Jonathan Edwards describe his life experiences, family, education, conversion, ministry, and missions work with the Indians.  They identify him as an intellectual, theologian, and scientist.  Some accounts note his significance as an apologist, especially as he argued against Enlightenment thought, deism, and Unitarianism.  Primarily, he is presented as the famed Great Awakening preacher.  There is yet, however, another prominent role Edwards has played, and that is in the field of educational philosophy.  Though usually granted only token attention in typical foundations of education textbooks, Edwards’ theory of knowledge and of learning is deserving of much deeper study ...


Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill Sep 2017

Vintage Red.Docx, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review article based on the author's reading of the autobiographical novel by Stephen Moline, Red (Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2017). The novel is discussed in the context of the historiography of the Communist Party of Australia.


End Of Paragraph, Rowan Cahill Aug 2017

End Of Paragraph, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

A tribute to the life and work of US journalist, author, soldier, script writer, leftist activist, Clancy Sigal (1926-2017), with particular reference to his novel/memoir Going Away (1962).


Barren County, Nancy Richey Jun 2017

Barren County, Nancy Richey

Nancy Richey

Barren County, located in the heart of south central Kentucky, was formed in 1799 and is the commonwealth’s 13th largest county. Pioneers found the land without the usual, extensive wooded areas and so it looked barren to them in comparison. The area is anything but “barren,” as its land and population have been productive in agriculture, commerce, education, medicine, and the military. Voted in 2007 by Progressive Farmer magazine as the “Best Place to Live in Rural America,” the county has also produced one of the South’s first African American mayors, two governors, renowned musicians, a Pulitzer Prize ...


Homes Across The Border: Russian Summer Houses In The Karelian Isthmus And The Finnish State, 1917–1927, Kitty Lam Mar 2017

Homes Across The Border: Russian Summer Houses In The Karelian Isthmus And The Finnish State, 1917–1927, Kitty Lam

Kitty Lam

At the end of the 19th century, numerous St. Petersburg residents established their summer homes in the Karelian Isthmus, a picturesque region in the Grand Duchy of Finland, an autonomous province of the Russian Empire. The ease of travel between the Russian imperial capital and the Finnish seaside towns contributed to this practice. After 1917, a new border regime delineated the nascent Finnish state from the equally new Russian/ Soviet state. This change displaced the majority of Russian proprietors, as well as those imperial subjects who rented vacation properties from local Finns. This article addresses how state-building practices distinguishing between ...


Session B-2: Pirates: Past And Present, Kitty Lam Mar 2017

Session B-2: Pirates: Past And Present, Kitty Lam

Kitty Lam

Piracy has endured for as long as maritime trade has existed. From the ancient Mediterranean world to the modern-day Somali coast, pirates have threatened merchant ships. The legacy of piracy has inspired countless songs, poems, novels, and movies. Who were pirates? What did they want? Where did they go? How did they interact with states? Students have internalized stereotypes about pirates from popular culture, but rarely consider these questions about piracy. This workshop will examine the significance of piracy in world history through texts and visual material. Case studies will be global, but focus on the early modern period.


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2016

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


The Lyman Beecher Family And Their Influence On The Common School Movement, Samuel J. Smith Dec 2016

The Lyman Beecher Family And Their Influence On The Common School Movement, Samuel J. Smith

Samuel James Smith

In his 2013 book Founding Zealots: How Evangelicals Created America’s First Public Schools, Thomas A. Hagedorn argued that Horace Mann’s status as the “Father of the Common School Movement” is a myth.   Hagedorn reframed the narrative, and—instead of individuals—he placed in the leading roles philosophical thought, political trends, religious revivals, and doctrinal developments.  Hagedorn indeed highlighted individuals, such as Samuel Lewis, Calvin Stowe, Lyman Beecher, William McGuffey, and many others, but he turned the spotlight primarily to the influence that Christianity had on the development of the common schools.  The purpose of this paper is to ...


Ua1b2/1 A Commemoration Of Wku's Integration: 1956-2006, Howard Bailey, Monica G. Burke, John Hardin, Sherese Martin, Maxine Ray, C. J. Woods Nov 2016

Ua1b2/1 A Commemoration Of Wku's Integration: 1956-2006, Howard Bailey, Monica G. Burke, John Hardin, Sherese Martin, Maxine Ray, C. J. Woods

Monica Burke

A publication that chronicles the history of WKU's desegregation efforts. This commemorative publication is also an historical document that highlights the prolific accomplishments of WKU African American graduates. The impact of Western's spirit on countless African American graduates and the Bowling Green community unfolds in the pages that follow. The joy of having access to an education, the struggles of transforming an institutional climate, the kindness of WKU faculty, staff, and students and the rewards of walking across the stage in Diddle arena are chronicled by those who experienced it firsthand.


Hawley-Green Street National Register Historic District Boundary Expansion Syracuse Onondaga Co, Samuel D. Gruber Dr. Aug 2016

Hawley-Green Street National Register Historic District Boundary Expansion Syracuse Onondaga Co, Samuel D. Gruber Dr.

Samuel D. Gruber, Ph.D.

Provides a history and descriptive building list of the Hawley-Green Street neighborhood in Syracuse, NY and add over 100 properties ot the existing historic district established in 1979.


The Significance Of ‘Hillbilly’ In Early Country Music, 1924-1945, Anthony Harkins Jul 2016

The Significance Of ‘Hillbilly’ In Early Country Music, 1924-1945, Anthony Harkins

Anthony Harkins

No abstract provided.


Colonels, Hillbillies And Fightin’: Twentieth-Century Kentucky In The National Imagination, Anthony Harkins Jul 2016

Colonels, Hillbillies And Fightin’: Twentieth-Century Kentucky In The National Imagination, Anthony Harkins

Anthony Harkins

No abstract provided.


From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva Jul 2016

From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

No abstract provided.


From ‘Sweet Mamas’ To ‘Bodacious’ Hillbillies: Billy Debeck’S Impact On American Culture, Anthony Harkins Jul 2016

From ‘Sweet Mamas’ To ‘Bodacious’ Hillbillies: Billy Debeck’S Impact On American Culture, Anthony Harkins

Anthony Harkins

No abstract provided.