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Selected Works

History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

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Articles 1 - 30 of 232

Full-Text Articles in History

No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome Apr 2019

No Witness, No Case: An Assessment Of The Conduct And Quality Of Icc Investigations, Dermot Groome

Dermot M Groome

The conduct and quality of investigations pursued by the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have come under increasing scrutiny and criticism from judges on the Court. Criticism is directed at the time and length of investigations; the quality of the evidence advanced in court; the inappropriate delegation of investigative functions, and the failure to interview witnesses in a way that is consistent with the Prosecution’s obligation to conduct investigations fairly under Article 54 of the Rome Statute. This essay explores these criticisms and concludes that the judges are justified in their concerns regarding the Prosecution ...


In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E Mar 2019

In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E

Arnold R. Miller

This book provides a brief history of the early computing technology at Marshall University, Huntington, W.Va., in the forty years: 1959-1999. This was before the move to Intel and Windows based servers. After installation of an IBM Accounting Machine in 1959, which arguably does not fit the modern definition of a computer, the first true computer arrived in 1963 and was installed in a room below the Registrar’s office. For the next twenty years several departments ordered their own midrange standalone systems to fit their individual departmental requirements. These represented different platforms from different vendors, and were not ...


Translating Scholarship Into Policy, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Amy C. Gaudion Jan 2019

Translating Scholarship Into Policy, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Amy C. Gaudion

Amy C. Gaudion

There is an ever widening gap between conflict resolution policy makers and scholars—a tragedy given practitioners’ dire need for new ideas to help resolve deadly conflicts and the growing knowledge researchers have to share. Research tends to swing like a pendulum between analytic and rigorous methods and accessible and relevant approaches. We reject this tradeoff. We believe that research can be simultaneously rigorous and relevant, and analytic and accessible. Given the devastating loss of life associated with armed conflict, the need for translating research results into policy prescriptions is especially strong in peacemaking. The goal of this issue of ...


Umsl Faculty Expertise Dec 2018

Umsl Faculty Expertise

Minsoo Kang

Research Capabilities: Automation; East Asian History; Eighteenth-century History; European History; Global History; Korean History; Nineteenth-century History; Literary History; and Science Fiction


Historical Notes: Modern Dynamics Dec 2018

Historical Notes: Modern Dynamics

David D Nolte

Historical notes and historical biographies in the history of physics and the history of modern dynamics.


Ho Ho Holiday Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego Dec 2018

Ho Ho Holiday Patents Coloring Book, Paulina Borrego

Paulina Borrego

Coloring book containing a selected page from twelve different U.S. patents pertaining to the theme of holiday patents.


Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal Aug 2018

Shining A Light On The Past: History In Your Ir, Jennifer Deal

Jennifer Deal, MA, MLIS

See how one health care system digitized and uploaded historical photographs and printed materials for their IR.


Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet Apr 2018

Baby Bliss: World's Heaviest Cyclist, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

No abstract provided.


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn Feb 2018

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Iii. Edward A. Grout: Maker Of The “Electric Bait” And Other Fine Spinners, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 3.”
 


Per Scientiam Ad Justitiam: Magnus Hirschfeld's Episteme Of Biological Publicity, Kevin S. Amidon Feb 2018

Per Scientiam Ad Justitiam: Magnus Hirschfeld's Episteme Of Biological Publicity, Kevin S. Amidon

Kevin S. Amidon

Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institute for Sexual Science was founded in Berlin in 1919 as a place of research, political advocacy, counseling, and public education. Inspired by the world’s first gay rights organizations, it was closely allied with other groups fighting for sexual reform and women’s rights, and was destroyed in 1933 as the first target of the Nazi book burnings. Not Straight from Germany examines the legacy of that history, combining essays and a lavish array of visual materials. Scholarly essays investigate the ways in which sex became public in early 20th-century Germany, contributing to a growing awareness ...


The Disappointment Of Smallpox Eradication And Economic Development, Bob H. Reinhardt Dec 2017

The Disappointment Of Smallpox Eradication And Economic Development, Bob H. Reinhardt

Bob H. Reinhardt

No abstract provided.


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Ii. George H. Burtis And His Highly-Touted “Irresistible Trolling Bait.”, William B. Krohn Nov 2017

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part Ii. George H. Burtis And His Highly-Touted “Irresistible Trolling Bait.”, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under the title of “EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 2.”
 
 
 


Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy Nov 2017

Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy

Charles Foy

In his comprehensive study of colonial Bermuda Jarvis places Bermuda in "the eye of trade," i.e., the center of the Anglo-American Atlantic. He proceeds to use this new perspective to explore six key characteristics of Bermudian life: its transition from a tobacco society to a maritime society; the island’s unique system of slavery; the emphasis placed on kinship connections and communal activities; Bermudian exploitation of the Atlantic’s natural resources; the effect of Bermuda’s maritime economy on its residents; and the impact of the American Revolution on Bermudian society. With their maritime skills, unique slave system and ...


History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal, David B. Dennis Sep 2017

History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal, David B. Dennis

David B. Dennis

The social and organizational history of humanity is intricately entangled with the history of technology in general and the technology of information in particular. Advances in this area have often been closely involved in social and political transformations. While the contemporary period is often referred to by such names as the Computing and Information Age, this is the culmination of a series of historical transformations that have been centuries in the making. This course will provide a venue for students to learn about history through the evolution of number systems and arithmetic, calculating and computing machines, and advanced communication technology ...


History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal, David B. Dennis Sep 2017

History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal, David B. Dennis

George K. Thiruvathukal

The social and organizational history of humanity is intricately entangled with the history of technology in general and the technology of information in particular. Advances in this area have often been closely involved in social and political transformations. While the contemporary period is often referred to by such names as the Computing and Information Age, this is the culmination of a series of historical transformations that have been centuries in the making. This course will provide a venue for students to learn about history through the evolution of number systems and arithmetic, calculating and computing machines, and advanced communication technology ...


Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part I: Tackle Maker To Downtown Banker: The Story Of John W. Shields, William B. Krohn Aug 2017

Early Massachusetts Spinners – Part I: Tackle Maker To Downtown Banker: The Story Of John W. Shields, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

An expanded version of this article, reproduced with the publisher's permission, is presented below in "e-Books and e-Manuscripts" under "EARLY SPINNER MAKERS OF MASSACHUSETTS, Chapter 1."


“In Space” Or “As Space”: Three Dimensions Or Not?, Charles H. Smith Aug 2017

“In Space” Or “As Space”: Three Dimensions Or Not?, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

First Paragraph:
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823 – 1913), the celebrated British naturalist and social critic, is best known for his independent discovery of the principle of natural selection, and for his key role in the development of the field of evolutionary biogeography.  But his interests extended to well beyond these subjects: he was also an important anthropologist, physical geographer, land reform theorist, social critic, and early exobiologist.  By the end of his life he was one of the most respected scientists in the world – and this, despite his concurrent attachment to a number of less mainstream side-infatuations including spiritualism, anti-vaccinationism, and ...


A Tale Of Two Chemists: Academic Journals And The Technology Of Science Communication, Shawn Martin May 2017

A Tale Of Two Chemists: Academic Journals And The Technology Of Science Communication, Shawn Martin

Shawn Martin

No abstract provided.


Galileo Probe, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee Apr 2017

Galileo Probe, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee

Monish R. Chatterjee

The Galileo mission to Jupiter was formally approved by the United States Congress in 1977, several years before the space shuttle Columbia made its maiden flight into Earth orbit. The mission was a cooperative project involving scientists and engineers from the United States, Germany, Canada, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Spain, and Australia. Even though the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft had performed flybys of planet Jupiter and its sixteen moons in 1979, the Galileo mission was envisioned to initiate several novel observations of Jupiter, the most massive gas planet of the solar system, and its principal moons, and conduct ...


"Excuse Us, While We Fix The Sky: Weird Supermen And Climate Engineering", James R. Fleming Dec 2016

"Excuse Us, While We Fix The Sky: Weird Supermen And Climate Engineering", James R. Fleming

James R. Fleming

No abstract provided.


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2016

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


Science Serving Industry: Documentary Authority And Industrial Influence In 19th Century American Chemistry, Shawn Martin Dec 2016

Science Serving Industry: Documentary Authority And Industrial Influence In 19th Century American Chemistry, Shawn Martin

Shawn Martin

No abstract provided.


Excuse Us, While We Fix The Sky: Weird Supermen And Climate Engineering, James R. Fleming Dec 2016

Excuse Us, While We Fix The Sky: Weird Supermen And Climate Engineering, James R. Fleming

James R. Fleming

No abstract provided.


A Mini-History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal Oct 2016

A Mini-History Of Computing, George K. Thiruvathukal

George K. Thiruvathukal

This book was produced by George K. Thiruvathukal for the American Institute of Physics to promote interest in the interdisciplinary publication, Computing in Science and Engineering. It accompanied a limited edition set of playing cards that is no longer available (except in PDF). This book features a set of 54 significant computers by era/category, including ancient calculating instruments, pre-electronic mechanical calculators and computers, electronic era computers, and modern computing (minicomputers, maniframes, personal computers, devices, and gaming consoles).


Session B-2: Why World War I? Being Intelligent About The Causes, Lee Eysturlid Jul 2016

Session B-2: Why World War I? Being Intelligent About The Causes, Lee Eysturlid

Lee W. Eysturlid

This presentation will guide attendees through the complicated and often misrepresented ideas that have formed around understanding why it is that World War I started the way that it did. The focus will be mostly on the military and technological elements. Participants will be ready to teach the topic when they leave, and it suits US and World History teachers (and middle school).


From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva Jul 2016

From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

No abstract provided.


The Idle Woman In Therapy And Fiction: S. Weir Mitchell’S Literary Career And The Gilded Age Fear Of Malingering, Brent Ruswick Jun 2016

The Idle Woman In Therapy And Fiction: S. Weir Mitchell’S Literary Career And The Gilded Age Fear Of Malingering, Brent Ruswick

Brent Ruswick

As one of America’s most prominent physicians in the Gilded Age and a successful novelist, S. Weir Mitchell sought to secure the professional reputation and authority of scientific, clinical medicine. Historians have given great attention to the ways that his treatment of women suffering from exhaustion or nervousness reinforced and created highly restrictive, gendered norms; more recently, historians have explored how Mitchell’s literary career augmented and echoed his approach to medicine. This article extends the historical analysis of Mitchell’s literary career by examining one of his lesser novels, Circumstance. Through the novel’s protagonist, an archetypically virtuous ...


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom.Pptx, Christopher A. Sweet Jun 2016

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom.Pptx, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


Wallace, Spiritualism, And Beyond: "Change," Or "No Change"?, Charles H. Smith Nov 2015

Wallace, Spiritualism, And Beyond: "Change," Or "No Change"?, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

No abstract provided.


Scholarly Communication Institutions: Transforming Scholarship With History, Shawn Martin Oct 2015

Scholarly Communication Institutions: Transforming Scholarship With History, Shawn Martin

Shawn Martin

The current scholarly communication system has developed over centuries; yet, more recently it has been breaking down.  Different disciplines have diagnosed this as an economic breakdown between libraries and publishers, a social failure among academics, and as a technological disruption.  Of course, all of these answers are true to some degree.  By combining approaches from information science and history, it may be possible to understand scholarly communication system more clearly.  Historians such as Steven Shapin in A Social History of Truth (1994) have suggested that academic dialogue rests on “trust.”  As the number of people participating became larger, that trust ...