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Gettysburg College

2004

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Full-Text Articles in History

Ms-061: Charles A. Rubright Collection, Stephen H. Light Oct 2004

Ms-061: Charles A. Rubright Collection, Stephen H. Light

All Finding Aids

The Charles A. Rubright Collection consists primarily of three journals he kept throughout the war and a letter he sent from Andersonville Prison camp to his sister. Also included are postwar news clippings about Rubright, the hymn book he kept while in the army, and a letter addressed to him from a Confederate veteran thanking him for a donation made towards the establishment of a soldiers home for infirm veterans.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in ...


Ms-060: Henry N. Bemis Diaries, Stephen H. Light Sep 2004

Ms-060: Henry N. Bemis Diaries, Stephen H. Light

All Finding Aids

The Henry N. Bemis collection consists primarily of two diaries kept by Bemis during the Civil War. The first diary runs from July 17th, 1862 to March 14th, 1864 while the second diary runs from March 17th 1864 to July 4th 1864. Both diaries contain frequent entries detailing the events of each day. Also included in the collection are two tintypes, a photograph, and Bemis’ discharge from service. The two tintypes are most likely images of Bemis and his wife, Georgia A. Bemis.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to ...


Ms-014: Thomas Cheshire Papers, Meggan D. Smith Jul 2004

Ms-014: Thomas Cheshire Papers, Meggan D. Smith

All Finding Aids

The Thomas Cheshire Papers mainly consist of his handwritten document describing his capture, prison experience, and escape from Andersonville. The manuscript is supplemented by correspondence written by Cheshire’s family members, army officials, and one letter from Cheshire himself. Also included in the collection is Elizabeth Scott’s (granddaughter of Thomas Cheshire) published historical fiction, More Fox Than Lion, based on Cheshire’s early life and manuscript. Correspondence from the donor of the collection, as well as a newspaper article on Cheshire’s escape found in the Providence Journal, is included.

Cheshire’s account illustrates the conditions experienced by prisoners ...


"Creating Dissonance For The Visitor": The Heart Of The Liberty Bell Controversy, Jill Ogline Titus Jul 2004

"Creating Dissonance For The Visitor": The Heart Of The Liberty Bell Controversy, Jill Ogline Titus

Civil War Institute Faculty Publications

This paper examines the controversy surrounding the location and proposed interpretive plan for Independence National Historical Park's new pavilion for the Liberty Bell. Written from the perspective of a graduate student and former Independence NHP employee, it attempts to help historians and Park Service employees to better understand each other's positions, and to penetrate to the heart of the issue at stake - the park's own sense of self-understanding and mission. It then moves on to show the relevance of this specific controversy to questions of broader significance, such as the fundamental character of American history, the post-September ...


Ms-059: Papers Of Charles H. Glatfelter (Class Of 1946), Keith R. Swaney Jul 2004

Ms-059: Papers Of Charles H. Glatfelter (Class Of 1946), Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

This collection consists of research notes, sources, and manuscripts for A Salutary Influence: Gettysburg College, 1832-1985, written by Dr. Charles H. Glatfelter. It also contains committee papers, department chair files, and faculty manuals and papers.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition to inventories of their content. More information about our collections can be found on our website http://www.gettysburg.edu/special_collections/collections/.


Ms-055: Papers Of The German Literary Society, Keith R. Swaney, Arthur Mccardle, Michael Ritterson May 2004

Ms-055: Papers Of The German Literary Society, Keith R. Swaney, Arthur Mccardle, Michael Ritterson

All Finding Aids

The Papers of the German Literary Society collection consists of manuscripts from the proceedings of the Society from the 1830s to the 1860s. However, there are also three manuscripts that were likely given to the Literary Society at some point during its existence.

The collection contains the constitution and minutes of the Literary Society from its first period of existence during the late-1830s. Researchers will also find the organization’s minute book, dated 1856 to 1860, as well as the 1867 version of the Society’s constitution. These manuscripts, along with the Society’s ledger book, allow one to understand ...


Ms-057: The Papers Of Donna O. Schaper, Class Of 1969: The Gettysburg Years, Aya Asano, Shannon Sweitzer, Keith R. Swaney '04 May 2004

Ms-057: The Papers Of Donna O. Schaper, Class Of 1969: The Gettysburg Years, Aya Asano, Shannon Sweitzer, Keith R. Swaney '04

All Finding Aids

This collection consists of correspondence and college papers from Donna Osterhoudt Schaper, who graduated from Gettysburg College in 1969. As a student, she was part of the student protest movement against the Vietnam War, and she interned for the College Chapel before attending the Lutheran Theological Seminary.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition to inventories of their content. More information about our collections can be found on our website http://www.gettysburg.edu/special_collections/collections/.


Ms-052: The Papers Of The Stephen H. Warner Committee, Keith R. Swaney Apr 2004

Ms-052: The Papers Of The Stephen H. Warner Committee, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

The Stephen H. Warner Committee, formed largely through the efforts of History Professor John Roger Stemen, began to form in the spring of 1972. It intended to encourage and perhaps renew a spirit of debate and intellectual curiosity within the Gettysburg College community.

Organized according to the values of Stephen Warner, Class of 1968, which included the “willing[ness] to take intellectual risks” and the “need for discipline in the pursuit of truth,” the committee sponsored campus-wide events known as “Warner Forums.” In addition, the committee, comprised of both students and faculty, petitioned for renovations to the College Union Building ...


Ms-050: Robert B. Arms Collection, Meggan D. Smith Apr 2004

Ms-050: Robert B. Arms Collection, Meggan D. Smith

All Finding Aids

The Robert B. Arms collection consists largely of papers regarding quarterly returns, receipts, and letters from the ordnance office; along with muster rolls, descriptive lists and state of Vermont orders. There is a section on the 16th Regimental Reunions, as well as documents pertaining to Arms’ role as Deputy Collector. There is extensive paperwork regarding George Stannard’s account, including at testimony made by Arms on the matter of Stannard’s bankruptcy. The researcher will find a hefty amount of correspondence between Arms and William A. Scott concerning the sale of property in North Dakota.

Although this is a Civil ...


Ms-053: Charles D. Ryan, 66th Engineers, Meggan D. Smith Apr 2004

Ms-053: Charles D. Ryan, 66th Engineers, Meggan D. Smith

All Finding Aids

The collection consists primarily of letters from Charles Ryan to Elizabeth Dooling, his wife-to-be. The letters to Elizabeth begin on March 29, 1918 and the final one in the collection is dated June 3, 1919. The only other items in the collection is an envelope addressed to Elizabeth Dooling from Charles Ryan, a newspaper clipping of Ryan’s marriage to Elizabeth, a blank postcard with two soldiers on the front, and a letter to Ryan from the Treasury Department.

Although Ryan briefly mentions significant events, such as Germany being defeated and Italy leaving the Peace Conference, his letters focus largely ...


Ms-054: Papers Of David Hedrick On The Stephen H. Warner Exhibit, Keith R. Swaney Apr 2004

Ms-054: Papers Of David Hedrick On The Stephen H. Warner Exhibit, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

Researchers will discover this collection to be complementary to, yet distinct from the Stephen H. Warner Southeast Asia Photograph Collection. For instance, one will find correspondence between Warner’s mother and Curator David Hedrick; however, the letters focus on the memory of Steve portrayed in the exhibit, “Stephen H. Warner 1946- 1971: Words and Pictures from the Vietnam War.” In addition to correspondence, one will discover rich sources that discuss the layout, proposals, and efficacy of the Stephen Warner Exhibit. Numerous photographs and the actual exhibit materials provide the researcher with excellent imagery and allow him or her to better ...


Ms-051: The Letters Of Richard A. Moore To His Wife During The Vietnam War, Keith R. Swaney Mar 2004

Ms-051: The Letters Of Richard A. Moore To His Wife During The Vietnam War, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

This collection consists of letters, news reports, correspondence, and photographs arranged in two series: I. Correspondence from Richard to Claire Moore and II. Miscellaneous News Reports, Correspondence, and Photographs collected by Richard Moore during his service in Vietnam.

The collection has been arranged chronologically; correspondence starts in September 1969 and continues until July 4, 1971. Two letters might be particularly interesting for researchers studying Stephen H. Warner, Gettysburg College Class of 1968: a February 15, 1971 letter that mentions Warner’s death and the relationship between Warner and Richard Moore and a June 27, 1971 letter that discusses Warner’s ...


Gods, Heroes, & Kings: The Battle For Mythic Britain, Christopher R. Fee, David A. Leeming Mar 2004

Gods, Heroes, & Kings: The Battle For Mythic Britain, Christopher R. Fee, David A. Leeming

Gettysburg College Faculty Books

The islands of Britain have been a crossroads of gods, heroes, and kings-those of flesh as well as those of myth-for thousands of years. Successive waves of invasion brought distinctive legends, rites, and beliefs. The ancient Celts displaced earlier indigenous peoples, only to find themselves displaced in turn by the Romans, who then abandoned the islands to Germanic tribes, a people themselves nearly overcome in time by an influx of Scandinavians. With each wave of invaders came a battle for the mythic mind of the Isles as the newcomer's belief system met with the existing systems of gods, legends ...


Ms-056: World War Ii German Prisoners Of War Collection, Keith R. Swaney Mar 2004

Ms-056: World War Ii German Prisoners Of War Collection, Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

Major Laurence C. Thomas directed the German POW camp on the Emmitsburg Road in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and a camp in Pine Grove Furnace, about fifteen miles north. Members of the intelligence corps apparently confiscated the items written in German from the prisoners of war.

The World War II German POW Collection consists of those confiscated materials from the prisoners. It is composed of two series: I. Materials likely confiscated by the intelligence corps and II. Miscellaneous newspaper clippings.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include ...


Ms-049: The Papers Of Jacob M. Yingling, Class Of 1952 (1930 - ), Keith R. Swaney Mar 2004

Ms-049: The Papers Of Jacob M. Yingling, Class Of 1952 (1930 - ), Keith R. Swaney

All Finding Aids

The Papers of Jacob M. Yingling, Class of 1952, consist of 23 boxes of processed material, two portraits, one photograph, and a four-volume, bound set of the Maryland Magazine. The collection encompasses 7.80 cubic feet (11.69 linear feet) and is composed of eleven series arranged somewhat chronologically. For example, series II on Gettysburg College (1949-1952) precedes series III, which documents Yingling’s service in the Maryland House of Delegates (1962-1972). Since some of his life activities may coincide with others—Jake served on the Board of Directors of the Maryland School of the Deaf during his appointment as ...


Interview With Robert And Esther Fortenbaugh, February 22, 2004, Robert Fortenbaugh, Esther Fortenbaugh, Michael J. Birkner Feb 2004

Interview With Robert And Esther Fortenbaugh, February 22, 2004, Robert Fortenbaugh, Esther Fortenbaugh, Michael J. Birkner

Oral Histories

Robert & Esther Fortenbaugh were interviewed on February 22, 2004 by Michael J. Birkner. Esther discussed her early years and Robert discussed his career at American Cyanimid and then as a United Methodist Minister. They both discussed their time at Gettysburg College (including meeting each other), their life after college, and returning to Gettysburg after retirement.

Length of Interview: 88 minutes

Collection Note: This oral history was selected from the Oral History Collection maintained by Special Collections & College Archives. Transcripts are available for browsing in the Special Collections Reading Room, 4th floor, Musselman Library. GettDigital contains the complete listing of ...


Ms-015: Frederick H. Kronenberger, Company G, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, Christine M. Ameduri, Sidney Dreese Feb 2004

Ms-015: Frederick H. Kronenberger, Company G, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, Christine M. Ameduri, Sidney Dreese

All Finding Aids

The bulk of the collection consists of 26 letters written by Kronenberger to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kronenberger, and aunts and uncles Hill and Ludwig while posted at Camp Perrine, Trenton, New Jersey, in December 1863, and from a camp near Brandy Station, Virginia between January and April 1864. His letters tell about his need for stamps, hats, shirts, vests, a rubber blanket and ink. He states that he likes hard tack. He writes about visiting friends in other units, receiving letters from family and friends, sending money to his parents, sending photographs of himself and receiving photographs ...


Interview With Donald W. Hinrichs, January 30, 2004, Donald W. Hinrichs, Michael J. Birkner Jan 2004

Interview With Donald W. Hinrichs, January 30, 2004, Donald W. Hinrichs, Michael J. Birkner

Oral Histories

Professor of Sociology and Dean of the College Donald W. Hinrichs was interviewed on January 30, 2004 as the first part of two interviews by Michael J. Birkner. During these interviews, he discusses his childhood in Baltimore, going to college in the 1960's, and his experience in the US Army during the Vietnam War. He also describes his time at Gettysburg, in particular the growth and development of the Sociology Department and his experience as a gay faculty member.

Length of Interview: 69 minutes

Collection Note: This oral history was selected from the Oral History Collection maintained by Special ...


A "Typical Country Doctor": Robert B. Elderdice, Mcknightstown, Kevin L. Greenholt Jan 2004

A "Typical Country Doctor": Robert B. Elderdice, Mcknightstown, Kevin L. Greenholt

Adams County History

The drive home from the Cashtown area home of the Kuhn family was cold and dark, but the twenty-one-year-old medical student was exhilarated. It was after four o'clock on a Monday morning, December 16, 1867. He had just assisted Mrs. Abner (Rebecca) Kuhn deliver her third child, a 14-pound son, the first of over one thousand such deliveries during his medical career. Arriving back at his lodging in the McKnightstown area, he would make the first entry in his obstetrical journal. This neat, detailed journal would eventually hold the record of 1026 cases, most involving families in the Franklin ...


Statistical Analysis Of Dr. Elderdice's Ledger, Sheryl Hollis Snyder Jan 2004

Statistical Analysis Of Dr. Elderdice's Ledger, Sheryl Hollis Snyder

Adams County History

It is doubtful that obstetricians today could take the time to keep meticulous records of each obstetric case of their career, but Dr. Robert B. Elderdice did just that. Inside the front cover of his ledger he wrote "attended my 1st case at age of 21." His ten - column register listed case number, age, name (birth mother), number of labor, date, sex, PPn, fee, remarks, and pay in the doctor's consistently-legible handwriting. (For an illustration of Dr. Elderdice's handwriting, see the vaccination certificate in Appendix 1.) [excerpt]


Veterans Residing In Adams County, Pennsylvania, 1840-1930, Kevin L. Greenholt Jan 2004

Veterans Residing In Adams County, Pennsylvania, 1840-1930, Kevin L. Greenholt

Adams County History

The federal decennial census provides a wide-ranging set of data for analysis. The census forms for each ten-year cycle from 1790 until 1930 have been released to the public for access. The tabulations of 1840, 1910, and 1930 contain data relating to the military service of those interviewed by the census enumerator. Compiled here is a list of veterans, listed by Adams County township, who served in the American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, or other military actions from 1840 through 1930.


Adams County History 2004 Jan 2004

Adams County History 2004

Adams County History

No abstract provided.


How Abe Lincoln Lost The Black Vote: Lincoln And Emancipation In The African American Mind, Allen C. Guelzo Jan 2004

How Abe Lincoln Lost The Black Vote: Lincoln And Emancipation In The African American Mind, Allen C. Guelzo

Civil War Era Studies Faculty Publications

No other American president has wielded the power of words with greater skill than Abraham Lincoln. "No one can read Mr. Lincoln's state papers without perceiving in them a most remarkable facility of 'putting things' so as to command the attention and assent of the people," wrote Henry J. Raymond, editor of the New York Times in 1864, and Raymond had an editor's unerring eye for this sort of thing. Massachusetts congressman George Boutwell, reminiscing for Allen Thorndike Rice twenty years after Lincoln's death, thought that "Lincoln's fame" would "be carried along the ages" by his ...


Front Matter Jan 2004

Front Matter

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

Includes title page, editorial information, and table of contents.


'Sing To The Lord A New Song': The Regular Singing Movement In Colonial New England, Katie Farrer Jan 2004

'Sing To The Lord A New Song': The Regular Singing Movement In Colonial New England, Katie Farrer

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

“Outward Melody in Religious Singing is no small Help to inward Devotion. In this our imbodyd [sic] State the Senses do very strongly impress the superior Power of the Mind; especially the Ear and Eye do variously affect the Heart.” Cotton Mather penned these words in April of 1721 as part of a sermon that he wrote endorsing Regular Singing, or singing by note rather than by ear. Mather, along with several other Puritan ministers were the driving forces behind the Regular Singing movement, which in essence was a sea change for music in religious services in New England, involving ...


In Quest Of True Equality: A Study Of The Climate For Women At Gettysburg Since 1975, Sara Gustafson Jan 2004

In Quest Of True Equality: A Study Of The Climate For Women At Gettysburg Since 1975, Sara Gustafson

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

In 2003, the election of Katherine Haley Will as Gettysburg College’s thirteenth president began a new era for women on campus. Will will be the first female president in the history of the college, and her election signifies the tremendous legal and psychological changes that have shaken both the college and the nation over the past quarter century. Federal legislation, the slowly-broadening vision of the school’s administration, and the proactive stance taken by women themselves have contributed to making Gettysburg College a place of seemingly strong gender equality.


The "Powerful", Molly Kay Gale Jan 2004

The "Powerful", Molly Kay Gale

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

History is written by the powerful. It is true that since the 1960s and the beginnings of the democratization of history, less powerful minorities have taken up the pen and more profusely expressed their views of history, but to a great extent, white males have engrained their view of history into people’s minds. Perhaps for this reason, perhaps because of its appealing nature, or perhaps for both reasons, the Renaissance stands out in people’s minds as a definitive period in history—a period during which, arguably, intellectual and cultural progress swept across Europe.

The driving force behind much ...


The 55th College Training Detachment Of The Army Air Corps Program On The Gettysburg College Campus, 1943-1944, Julia Grover Jan 2004

The 55th College Training Detachment Of The Army Air Corps Program On The Gettysburg College Campus, 1943-1944, Julia Grover

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The 55th College Training Detachment of the Air Force Cadet Program came to Gettysburg College in 1943. It was a separate program designed to provide educated officers for the Air Corps in the United States Army. These trainees would not only learn military drill, physical training, medical aid and flight skills, but they would also study physics, math, English, history, and geography. They were taught by members of the Gettysburg College staff and housed on campus, in dorms and fraternity houses.Their presence on campus was a constant reminder for regular students that the country was in the midst of ...


Gettysburg Historical Journal 2004 Jan 2004

Gettysburg Historical Journal 2004

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Keith R. Swaney Jan 2004

Letter From The Editor, Keith R. Swaney

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

No abstract provided.