Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in History

Religion And Geopolitics In The New World, Elizabeth Dillon Oct 2013

Religion And Geopolitics In The New World, Elizabeth Dillon

Elizabeth Maddock Dillon

No abstract provided.


Review, The Spirits And The Law: Vodou And Power In Haiti, Gina Ulysse Jun 2013

Review, The Spirits And The Law: Vodou And Power In Haiti, Gina Ulysse

Gina Athena Ulysse

Book review, Kate Ramsey, The Spirits and The Law: Vodou and Power in Haiti (UChicago 2011).


Birthright 2012, Andrew Blitman Dec 2012

Birthright 2012, Andrew Blitman

Andrew Blitman

"Birthright 2012" is a personal account of my voyage throughout Israel. The outer story incorporates humor, science, history, and my own observations as I explore the land. It should appeal to the armchair traveler who would like to experience the country but is unable to and also to anyone who would like to learn more about this bastion of democracy in the Middle East. Beneath this outer story there exists an inner story. Filled with humor, philosophy, and poetry, this underlying aspect of the book follows my own personal voyage to self-awareness. "Birthright 2012" chronicles the daily activities of my ...


“Truth Systematised" : The Changing Debate Over Slavery And Abolition, 1761-1916, Robert Forbes Dec 2012

“Truth Systematised" : The Changing Debate Over Slavery And Abolition, 1761-1916, Robert Forbes

Robert P Forbes

No abstract provided.


Gospel According To The Klan: The Ku Klux Klan’S Appeal To Protestant America, 1915 ‐1930, Kelly Baker Aug 2011

Gospel According To The Klan: The Ku Klux Klan’S Appeal To Protestant America, 1915 ‐1930, Kelly Baker

Kelly J. Baker

To many Americans, modern marches by the Ku Klux Klan may seem like a throwback to the past or posturing by bigoted hatemongers. To Kelly Baker, they are a reminder of how deeply the Klan is rooted in American mainstream Protestant culture.

Most studies of the KKK dismiss it as an organization of racists attempting to intimidate minorities and argue that the Klan used religion only as a rhetorical device. Baker contends instead that the KKK based its justifications for hatred on a particular brand of Protestantism that resonated with mainstream Americans, one that employed burning crosses and robes to ...


Whither Secular Bear: The Russian Orthodox Church’S Strengthening Influence On Russia's Domestic And Foreign Policy, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

Whither Secular Bear: The Russian Orthodox Church’S Strengthening Influence On Russia's Domestic And Foreign Policy, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

As 2012 presidential elections in Russia draw near, evidence points to a collapse in that country’s constitutional obligation of secularism and state-church separation. Although early signs of this phenomenon can be traced back to the Yeltsin era, the Putin and Medvedev presidencies have dealt a fatal blow to secular state policy manifested both at home and abroad, as well as to Russia’s constitutional human rights principles including nondiscrimination and equality of religious beliefs. The first part of this article argues that leadership changes in the Russian government and the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) have triggered an unprecedented deepening ...


Defamation Of Religion: Rumors Of Its Death Are Greatly Exaggerated, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

Defamation Of Religion: Rumors Of Its Death Are Greatly Exaggerated, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This Article explores the recent decisions by the United Nations (“UN”) Human Rights Council and General Assembly to adopt consensus resolutions aimed at “combating intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization of, and discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against, persons based on religion or belief.” These resolutions represent an effort to move past a decade’s worth of contentious roll call votes in favor of prohibiting defamation of religion within the international human rights framework. Although labeled “historic” resolutions, this Article argues that the UN’s new compromise approach endorsed in 2011 — motivated in part by the desire to end years ...


Religion And The Rise Of The Second Ku Klux Klan, Kelly Baker Aug 2009

Religion And The Rise Of The Second Ku Klux Klan, Kelly Baker

Kelly J. Baker

In 1915, the second incarnation of the Ku Klux Klan was born. The second Klan, a memorial to the Reconstruction Klan and its work in the postbellum South, was to act as a restructured fraternity that supported white supremacy, the purity of white womanhood, nationalism and Protestant Christianity. William J. Simmons, a fraternalist and former minister, organized the charter for the new order and consecrated its beginning by setting afire a cross on the top of Stone Mountain, Georgia.


Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham Jun 2008

Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

Recent decades have witnessed the fragmentation of Reformation studies, with high-level research confined within specific geographical, confessional or chronological boundaries. By bringing together scholars working on a wide variety of topics, this volume counteracts this centrifugal trend and provides a broad perspective on the impact of the European reformation. The essays present new research from historians of politics, of the church and of belief. Their geographical scope ranges from Scotland and England via France and Germany to Transylvania and their chronological span from the 1520s to the 1690s Considering the impact of the Reformation on political culture and examining the ...


Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham Sep 2002

Social Discipline In Scotland, 1560-1610, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This volume is an excellent introduction to Calvinist morals’ control in sixteenth-century Geneva, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Scotland. The Calvinists were typically seen as stricter than Lutherans, Catholics, or Anglicans—and in some ways as strict as groups associated with the Radical Reformation. The six case studies presented here are based largely on archival research. They explore the Calvinist endeavor to set high standards of behavior and to enforce them through the consistory.


Conflict And Sacred Space In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Sep 2001

Conflict And Sacred Space In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham Sep 1999

A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Bury St. Edmunds: A Reassessment Of Town-Abbey Relations, Michael Graham Jul 1996

Bury St. Edmunds: A Reassessment Of Town-Abbey Relations, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

These essays explore various topics in European history ranging from a study of the medieval Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds to an essay on the issue of the restoration of the Kaiser prior to Hitler's assumption of power. Enno Kraeh contributes a personal narrative of philosophical journey through the study of history. Three of the essays address literary and cultural themes dealing with German theatre politics, belle epoque opera, and Polish drama. The volume has strong representation on Austrian history, including essays on diplomacy, the Anschluss, and Austrian anti-Semitism.


The Uses Of Reform: 'Godly Discipline' And Popular Behavior In Scotland And Beyond, 1560-1610, Michael Graham May 1996

The Uses Of Reform: 'Godly Discipline' And Popular Behavior In Scotland And Beyond, 1560-1610, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

The "Uses of Reform" is a study of the Reformation as a movement for behavioral reform, concentrating on Scotland during the first fifty years (1560-1610) of its Reformation as a primary example. The opening chapters trace the development of "Godly Discipline" as part of the European-wide reform movement. Graham follows this general narrative with a study of the creation and implementation of a disciplinary system in Scotland. Finally, he compares disciplinary practices in the Scottish Church with those of the Huguenot communities of France. Looking closely at the proceedings of church courts which enforced regulations concerning behavior, Graham paints a ...


The Civil Sword And The Scottish Kirk, 1560–1600, Michael Graham Mar 1994

The Civil Sword And The Scottish Kirk, 1560–1600, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This volume presents the evolution of Calvin’s ideas in the latter part of the sixteenth and early part of the seventeenth centuries along national lines. Calvin’s influence is traced in Switzerland, France, Scotland, the Rhinelands, Holland, and England. As John Leith points out in his “Foreword,” this book enables many American Protestants to understand their history, how they came to believe what they do, how scholastic theology of the nineteenth century is firmly rooted in later Calvinism.


Equality Before The Kirk? Church Discipline And The Elite In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Nov 1993

Equality Before The Kirk? Church Discipline And The Elite In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.