Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 68

Full-Text Articles in History

Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright Nov 2015

Preventing And Treating Narcotic Addiction — A Century Of Federal Drug Control, David Courtwright

David T. Courtwright

Just over a century ago, in March 1915, the Harrison Narcotic Act took effect, requiring anyone who imported, produced, sold, or dispensed “narcotics” (at that time meaning coca- as well as opium-based drugs) to register, pay a nominal tax, and keep detailed records. With such records, officials could better enforce existing laws, such as those requiring sale by prescription only. They could also prosecute unregistered narcotics distributors such as saloonkeepers and street peddlers. The intent was to keep narcotic transactions within legitimate medical channels. For more than a decade, U.S. reformers and diplomats had been urging this course on ...


Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Ageeth Sluis

Contains response from the authors, Ageeth Sluis and Elise Edwards.


Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Ageeth Sluis

Many opportunities for more integrated teaching that better capture the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary scholars' work and better achieve the aims of liberal arts education still remain untapped, particularly at smaller schools where combined departments are often necessary. The disciplinary boundaries between history and sociocultural anthropology have become increasingly blurred in recent decades, a trend reflected in scholarly work that engages with both fields, as well as dual-degree graduate programmes at top U.S. research universities. For many scholars, this interdisciplinarity makes sense, with the two disciplines offering critical theoretical tools and methods that must be used in combination to ...


Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Response To Commentary On “Rethinking Combined Departments: An Argument For History & Anthropology” By Stephen M. Lyon/Durham University, Uk; Yasar Abu Ghosh, Pavel Himl, Tereza Stöckelová, Lucie Storchová/Charles University, Prague; Robert Gibb/University Of Glasgow; Jakob Krause-Jensen/Aarhus University, Denmark; Veerendra P. Lele/Denison University, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Contains response from the authors, Ageeth Sluis and Elise Edwards.


Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Rethinking Combined History Departments: An Argument For History And Anthropology, Ageeth Sluis, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Many opportunities for more integrated teaching that better capture the interdisciplinary nature of contemporary scholars' work and better achieve the aims of liberal arts education still remain untapped, particularly at smaller schools where combined departments are often necessary. The disciplinary boundaries between history and sociocultural anthropology have become increasingly blurred in recent decades, a trend reflected in scholarly work that engages with both fields, as well as dual-degree graduate programmes at top U.S. research universities. For many scholars, this interdisciplinarity makes sense, with the two disciplines offering critical theoretical tools and methods that must be used in combination to ...


The Humanities: The Challenge Of Preserving History In The Digital Age, Irwin Gratz, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy, Michael Grillo Aug 2015

The Humanities: The Challenge Of Preserving History In The Digital Age, Irwin Gratz, Desiree Butterfield-Nagy, Michael Grillo

Desiree Butterfield-Nagy

Irwin Gratz of Maine Public Broadcasting Network's Morning Edition talks with University of Maine professor Michael Grillo and UMaine archivist Desiree Butterfield-Nagy about their recent articles in a special edition of Maine Policy Review focused on the importance of the humanities and the future of archives in a digital age.


History And Nations In The Postmodern Era. Disclosure Interviews Geoff Eley, Brandon Claycomb, Jeffery Nicholas, Laurel Smith Jul 2015

History And Nations In The Postmodern Era. Disclosure Interviews Geoff Eley, Brandon Claycomb, Jeffery Nicholas, Laurel Smith

Jeffery Nicholas

No abstract provided.


A Concise History Of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity, David Mason Dec 2014

A Concise History Of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity, David Mason

David S. Mason

Highlighting the key events, ideas, and individuals that have shaped modern Europe, this book provides a concise history of the continent from the Enlightenment to the present. It explores the political, economic, and scientific causes and consequences of revolution; the development of human rights and democracy; and issues of European identity and integration.


Whose India?: The Independence Struggle In British And Indian Fiction And History, Teresa Hubel Sep 2014

Whose India?: The Independence Struggle In British And Indian Fiction And History, Teresa Hubel

Teresa Hubel

For centuries, India has captured our imagination. Far more than a mere geographical presence, India is also an imaginative construct shaped by competing cultures, emotions, and ideologies. In Whose India? Teresa Hubel examines literary and historical texts by the British and Indian writers who gave meaning to the construct “India” during the final decades of the Empire. Feminist and postcolonial in its approach, this work describes the contest between British imperialists and Indian nationalists at that historical moment when India sought to achieve its independence; that is, when the definition, acquisition, and ownership of India was most vehemently at stake ...


Prodigal Sons, Trap Doors, And Painted Women: Reflections On Life Stories, Urban Legends, And Aural History, Charles Hardy Feb 2014

Prodigal Sons, Trap Doors, And Painted Women: Reflections On Life Stories, Urban Legends, And Aural History, Charles Hardy

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving Jan 2014

"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving

Terence H Irving, Dr (Terry)

This address to a centenary issue forum for the Australian journal, "Labour History", focused on the political role of the journal in academic circles. It discussed the politics involved in the journal's foundation and the political implications of the redefinition of its field by Van der Linden, especially his use of the distinction between labour as toil and creative work. It is also a distinction made by recent 'autonomist' theorists. The article concludes by recommending that the journal should drop its present subtitle; that labour historians should pay more attention to the theoretical discussions of (working) class, multitude and ...


Philadelphia All The Time: Sound Of The Quaker City, 1896-1947, Charles Hardy Jan 2014

Philadelphia All The Time: Sound Of The Quaker City, 1896-1947, Charles Hardy

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


Linking Archival Sources In The 2013 American Historical Review, Arthur Fraas Dec 2013

Linking Archival Sources In The 2013 American Historical Review, Arthur Fraas

Arthur Mitchell Fraas

An analysis of archival sources used by authors in the 2013 American Historical Review.


“Collecting In The Digital Age”: An Overview, Charles Hardy, Douglas Boyd Nov 2013

“Collecting In The Digital Age”: An Overview, Charles Hardy, Douglas Boyd

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


Understanding Microphones, Charles Hardy, Douglas Boyd Nov 2013

Understanding Microphones, Charles Hardy, Douglas Boyd

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


A New Introduction To American Constitutionalism, Mark Graber Oct 2013

A New Introduction To American Constitutionalism, Mark Graber

Mark Graber

A New Introduction to American Constitutionalism is the first text to study the entirety of American constitutionalism, not just the traces that appear in Supreme Court decisions. Mark A. Graber both explores and offers original answers to such central questions as: What is a Constitution? What are fundamental constitutional purposes? How are constitutions interpreted? How is constitutional authority allocated? How do constitutions change? How is the Constitution of the United States influenced by international and comparative law? and, most important, How does the Constitution work? Relying on an historical/institutional perspective, the book illustrates how American constitutionalism is a distinct ...


“A Case For History”, Magda Teter Sep 2013

“A Case For History”, Magda Teter

Magda Teter

With history evoked every week by politicians, often misusing and abusing history. What such misuses and abuses of history demonstrate is that our society needs more exposure to history. With STEMs championed by politicians and investors alike as the focus in national education, the humanities, including history, has been on the defensive. The humanities, some argue, are irrelevant, fiscally unjustifiable for their utility to society, and socially redundant. But without them outrageous and ignorant comments like those recently uttered by Sen. Cruz and Mr. Benmosche are frequently left unchallenged. They demonstrate clearly that history and the humanities are an essential ...


Wayne Natatorium, Angela Stanert, Charles Hardy Aug 2013

Wayne Natatorium, Angela Stanert, Charles Hardy

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


Encyclopedia Of American History, Jeffrey Morris, Richard Morris Jun 2013

Encyclopedia Of American History, Jeffrey Morris, Richard Morris

Jeffrey B. Morris

No abstract provided.


Establishing Justice In Middle America: A History Of The United States Court Of Appeals For The Eighth Circuit, Jeffrey Morris Jun 2013

Establishing Justice In Middle America: A History Of The United States Court Of Appeals For The Eighth Circuit, Jeffrey Morris

Jeffrey B. Morris

No abstract provided.


Pocket History Of The United States, Jeffrey Morris, Allan Nevins, Henry Commager Jun 2013

Pocket History Of The United States, Jeffrey Morris, Allan Nevins, Henry Commager

Jeffrey B. Morris

No abstract provided.


Calmly To Poise The Scales Of Justice: A History Of The Courts Of The District Of Columbia Circuit, Jeffrey Morris, Chris Rohmann Jun 2013

Calmly To Poise The Scales Of Justice: A History Of The Courts Of The District Of Columbia Circuit, Jeffrey Morris, Chris Rohmann

Jeffrey B. Morris

No abstract provided.


Lorenzo L. Langstroth, Brianna Plaxe, Charles Hardy Mar 2013

Lorenzo L. Langstroth, Brianna Plaxe, Charles Hardy

Charles Hardy

No abstract provided.


Deeply Within: Catholicism, Faith And History, Nick Salvatore Mar 2013

Deeply Within: Catholicism, Faith And History, Nick Salvatore

Nick Salvatore

[Excerpt] In the decade I spent living with Gene Debs, I thought much about faith's relation to intellect, especially in the political realm. It was not just that a socialist in capitalist America needed faith but rather that Debs's very vision of America's promise was itself a profound act of faith. But with the exception of the last chapter, which I titled, "A Species of Purging," following a phrase in one of Debs's prison letters, overt discussion of any religious sensibility was largely sotto voce, echoes of a private dialogue with myself. Pleased as I was ...


"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving Dec 2012

"Labour History And Its Political Role - A New Landscape, Terry Irving

Terry Irving

This address to a centenary issue forum for the Australian journal, "Labour History", focused on the political role of the journal in academic circles. It discussed the politics involved in the journal's foundation and the political implications of the redefinition of its field by Van der Linden, especially his use of the distinction between labour as toil and creative work. It is also a distinction made by recent 'autonomist' theorists. The article concludes by recommending that the journal should drop its present subtitle; that labour historians should pay more attention to the theoretical discussions of (working) class, multitude and ...


Idealization And Desire In The Hundred Acre Wood: A.A. Milne And Christopher (Robin), Laura Bright Dec 2012

Idealization And Desire In The Hundred Acre Wood: A.A. Milne And Christopher (Robin), Laura Bright

Laura E Bright

Argues that A.A. Milne's Winnie-the-Pooh and The House at Pooh Corner represent the conscious rejection, unconscious reproduction, and re-imaging of the author's traumatic Victorian childhood.


A Pacific Island Collection In Rhode Island, Terence Hays, Mary Conaway, Susan Yeaw Nov 2012

A Pacific Island Collection In Rhode Island, Terence Hays, Mary Conaway, Susan Yeaw

Terence Hays

Collections of artifacts and specimens from Pacific Island cultures are found throughout Rhode Island. The largest and most systematically collected is in the Museum of Natural History in Roger Williams Park, Providence. The items were acquired by Rhode Island citizens over about a 150 year period from the early 1800's to the 1950's. They are from the 3 culture areas of the Pacific: Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. All form of matter including wood, shell, fiber, bone and skin, ivory, pottery, stone, and human hair are part of the artifact assemblage. The specimens (not studied for this project) include ...


Freud's Dream Of Interpretation, Ken Frieden Sep 2012

Freud's Dream Of Interpretation, Ken Frieden

Ken Frieden

Frieden explores methods of dream interpretation in the Bible, the Talmud, and in the writings of Sugmund Freud, and brings to light Freud's Troubled relationship to his Judaic forerunners. This book reveals unfamiliar associations in intellectual history and challenges received ideas in biblical, Talmudic, and Freudian scholarship.


America And Political Islam, Richard Lobban Apr 2012

America And Political Islam, Richard Lobban

Richard A Lobban

I received this book before 11 September 2001 and am reviewing it in the aftermath of that day. One could not imagine a more intense crucible in which to view a work on political Islam. Under the glare of the fiery collapse at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, and with bombs falling on Taliban and al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan, the work of an author and a reviewer requires even greater scrutiny.


Heresy In The University, Richard Lobban Apr 2012

Heresy In The University, Richard Lobban

Richard A Lobban

It would be very difficult to find a book that has generated more heat and some light in the closing decades of the twentieth century than the 1987/1991 publication of the two-volume Black Athena by Martin Bernal. The same press has been used by Jacques Berlinerblau to add still more fuel to this fire. Appropriate to the massive documentation and notes for Bernal, the book under review also has some 45 pages of notes, 30 pages of bibliography, and a helpful 13-page index. So this "clash of the academic titans" continues. Is there something new to add to this ...