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2008

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in History

The Seafarer As The "Worthy Poor", Steven Park Dec 2008

The Seafarer As The "Worthy Poor", Steven Park

Steven H. Park

The paper examined the transition from elite, secular marine societies to evangelical efforts to reach the working poor seafarer.


Motorists, Engineer-Administrators, And Muddy-Boots Contractors: New Perspectives On The American Highway Revolution, Christopher Wells Nov 2008

Motorists, Engineer-Administrators, And Muddy-Boots Contractors: New Perspectives On The American Highway Revolution, Christopher Wells

Christopher W. Wells

No abstract provided.


Bartolomé De Las Casas (1484-1566), Rev. David Orique, O.P. Sep 2008

Bartolomé De Las Casas (1484-1566), Rev. David Orique, O.P.

Rev. David T. Orique, O.P.

Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish cleric, Dominican friar, and New World bishop, is a major figure in the sixteenth-century critique of the conquest and colonization of the Americas. During his life, this juridical scholar became known as the Protector of the Indigenous, a champion of justice, a prophet of human rights, and the conscience of Spain, as well as public enemy number one for anti-Indigenous forces. Over time, this daring Renaissance humanist has become known in a variety of ways: religiously, as the Apostle of the Indians; anachronistically, as the Father of Liberation Theology; insightfully, as an early proponent ...


The Changing Face Of The Enemy, Marla Stone Aug 2008

The Changing Face Of The Enemy, Marla Stone

Marla Stone

No abstract provided.


The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham Aug 2008

The Blasphemies Of Thomas Aikenhead: Boundaries Of Belief On The Eve Of The Enlightenment, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

This is the first modern book-length study of the case of Thomas Aikenhead, the sometime University of Edinburgh student who in 1697 earned the unfortunate distinction of being the last person executed for blasphemy in Britain. Taking a micro-historical approach, Michael Graham uses the Aikenhead case to open a window into the world of Edinburgh, Scotland and Britain in its transition from the confessional era of the Reformation and the covenants, which placed high emphasis on the defence of orthodox belief, to the polite, literary world of the Enlightenment, of which Edinburgh would become a major centre. Graham traces the ...


Review Of Another Face Of Empire: Bartolomé De Las Casas, Indigenous Rights, And Ecclesiastical Imperialism By Daniel Castro, Rev. David Orique, O.P. Jun 2008

Review Of Another Face Of Empire: Bartolomé De Las Casas, Indigenous Rights, And Ecclesiastical Imperialism By Daniel Castro, Rev. David Orique, O.P.

Rev. David T. Orique, O.P.

The article reviews the book Another Face of Empire: Bartolomé de Las Casas, Indigenous Rights, and Ecclesiastical Imperialism by Daniel Castro.


Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham Jun 2008

Kirk In Danger: Presbyterian Political Divinity In Two Eras, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

Recent decades have witnessed the fragmentation of Reformation studies, with high-level research confined within specific geographical, confessional or chronological boundaries. By bringing together scholars working on a wide variety of topics, this volume counteracts this centrifugal trend and provides a broad perspective on the impact of the European reformation. The essays present new research from historians of politics, of the church and of belief. Their geographical scope ranges from Scotland and England via France and Germany to Transylvania and their chronological span from the 1520s to the 1690s Considering the impact of the Reformation on political culture and examining the ...


Embracing Activism In Apartheid South Africa: The Sisters Of Mercy In Bophuthatswana, 1974–94, Catherine Higgs, Jean Evans Jun 2008

Embracing Activism In Apartheid South Africa: The Sisters Of Mercy In Bophuthatswana, 1974–94, Catherine Higgs, Jean Evans

Catherine Higgs

In South Africa in the latter half of the twentieth century, the Church shifted from a stance of seeming complicity with the government's racist policies to a more active role with the country's peoples. Religious congregations such as the Sisters of Mercy, Johannesburg, moved to increase their activities in areas such as justice and peace, hunger relief, and especially education and skills training. This article examines the Sisters' varied work with displaced peoples in Bophuthatswana from 1974 to 1994.


Excursions In Identity: Travel And The Intersection Of Place, Gender, And Status In Edo Japan, Laura Nenzi Mar 2008

Excursions In Identity: Travel And The Intersection Of Place, Gender, And Status In Edo Japan, Laura Nenzi

Laura Nenzi

In the Edo period (1600–1868), status- and gender-based expectations largely defined a person’s place and identity in society. The wayfarers of the time, however, discovered that travel provided the opportunity to escape from the confines of the everyday. Cultured travelers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries wrote travel memoirs to celebrate their profession as belle-lettrists. For women in particular the open road and the blank page of the diary offered a precious opportunity to create personal hierarchies defined less by gender and more by culture and refinement. After the mid-eighteenth century—which saw the popularization of culture and ...


Citizen Of Which Republic? Foreigners And The Construction Of National Citizenship In Central America, 1823-1845, Jordana Dym Mar 2008

Citizen Of Which Republic? Foreigners And The Construction Of National Citizenship In Central America, 1823-1845, Jordana Dym

Jordana Dym

The law of the South American states with reference to nationality of origin remains to be noticed. Sir Alexander Cockburn, Nationality: or, The law relating to subjects and aliens, considered with a view to future legislation (London, W. Ridgway, 1869), 17. In December 1841, voters in Sonsonate (El Salvador) elected Frenchman and long-time resident, Luis Bertrand Save, as their alcalde, or municipal judge, for 1842. The governor insisted that Save accept the office. However, Save convinced El Salvador's president that he should not serve since he was not a citizen of the country, citing French and Salvadoran laws to ...


The Mass. Memories Road Show: Some Notes On Bridging And Bonding, Joanne M. Riley Mar 2008

The Mass. Memories Road Show: Some Notes On Bridging And Bonding, Joanne M. Riley

Joanne M. Riley

Four years ago, the Mass. Studies Project at UMass Boston launched a cultural heritage project that we dubbed the “Mass. Memories Road Show,” a real-world mashup of PBS’s Antiques Road Show (people bring their personal stuff to a local event for professional perusal) and the Library of Congress’ American Memory Project (digitize historic stuff and share it with the world). Our ambitious goal was – and still is! – to visit each of the 351 communities in Massachusetts, inviting residents to bring in photographs that reflect themselves and their families in that community. At the public “Road Show” events, we digitize ...


The Face Of Africa: Looking Beyond The Shadows, Stan Chu Ilo Dec 2007

The Face Of Africa: Looking Beyond The Shadows, Stan Chu Ilo

Stan Chu Ilo

No abstract provided.


“Jean Jacques Dessalines”, Marc Prou Dec 2007

“Jean Jacques Dessalines”, Marc Prou

Marc E. Prou

Biography of Jean-Jacques Dessalines


Co-Editor, With Maria-Pia Di Bella, Brian Yothers Dec 2007

Co-Editor, With Maria-Pia Di Bella, Brian Yothers

Brian Yothers

I have been a co-editor of Journeys: The International Journal of Travel and Travel Writing since 2008. This interdisciplinary journal appears twice a year and is published by Berghahn Books (New York and Oxford).


Encountering The World: Kawai Tsugunosuke’S 1859 Journey To Yokohama And Nagasaki, Laura Nenzi Dec 2007

Encountering The World: Kawai Tsugunosuke’S 1859 Journey To Yokohama And Nagasaki, Laura Nenzi

Laura Nenzi

Describes Kawai Tsugunosuke's journey in 1859 via his travel diaries, the people he encountered, his intellectual growth and especially his eagerness to make contact with foreigners trading with Japan. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1811/36287


Review Of Radicalism In The Mountain West, 1890-1920: Socialists, Populists, Miners, And Wobblies By David Berman, Jeffrey Johnson Dec 2007

Review Of Radicalism In The Mountain West, 1890-1920: Socialists, Populists, Miners, And Wobblies By David Berman, Jeffrey Johnson

Jeffrey A. Johnson

No abstract provided.


From Heads Of Household To Heads Of State: The Preaccession Households Of Mary And Elizabeth Tudor 1516-1558, Jeri Mcintosh Dec 2007

From Heads Of Household To Heads Of State: The Preaccession Households Of Mary And Elizabeth Tudor 1516-1558, Jeri Mcintosh

Jeri L McINTOSH

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Populist Vision By Charles Postel, Jeffrey Johnson Dec 2007

Review Of The Populist Vision By Charles Postel, Jeffrey Johnson

Jeffrey A. Johnson

No abstract provided.


Response To Donald E. Worster, 'On John Muir's Trail', Christopher Wells Dec 2007

Response To Donald E. Worster, 'On John Muir's Trail', Christopher Wells

Christopher W. Wells

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Wild Kingdom, Bernard Mccoy, Bruce Mitchell, Carol Cornsilk Dec 2007

Exploring The Wild Kingdom, Bernard Mccoy, Bruce Mitchell, Carol Cornsilk

Bernard R. McCoy

McCoy was producer, co-writer and researcher with co-writer/researcher Carol Cornsilk, videographer/editor Bruce Mitchell, narration Rick Alloway.

The documentary explored the rich history and broad impact of “Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom,” the most popular wildlife program in television history and the program’s Nebraska-born creator Don Meier.

Production support: NET Nebraska. The documentary, involved extensive film archival retrieval, three production trips to Illinois, one to Colorado and one to New York over a three year period.


Let's Get Personal: First-Generation Autoethnographers Reflect On Writing Personal Narratives, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, H Goodall, R Pelias, L Richardson Dec 2007

Let's Get Personal: First-Generation Autoethnographers Reflect On Writing Personal Narratives, Carolyn Ellis, A Bochner, N Denzin, H Goodall, R Pelias, L Richardson

Carolyn Ellis

What is evidence in qualitative inquiry and how is it evaluated? What is true or false in research is strongly influenced by socially defined criteria and by the politics of academia. In providing an alternative to conservative science, qualitative researchers are often victimized by these politics. The use of qualitative evidence within the policy arena is also subject to social and political factors. Within qualitative inquiry itself, evidence is defined differently in different discourses—law, medicine, history, cultural, or performance studies. The interdisciplinary, international group of contributors to this volume address these questions in an attempt to create evidential criteria ...


Autoethnography As Constructionist Project, Carolyn Ellis, L Richardson Dec 2007

Autoethnography As Constructionist Project, Carolyn Ellis, L Richardson

Carolyn Ellis

Constructionism has become one of the most popular research approaches in the social sciences. But until now, little attention has been given to the conceptual and methodological underpinnings of the constructionist stance, and the remarkable diversity within the field. This cutting-edge handbook brings together a dazzling array of scholars to review the foundations of constructionist research, how it is put into practice in multiple disciplines, and where it may be headed in the future. The volume critically examines the analytic frameworks, strategies of inquiry, and methodological choices that together form the mosaic of contemporary constructionism, making it an authoritative reference ...


Reimagining Nursing’S Place In The History Of Clinical Practice, Julie Fairman, P D'Antonio Dec 2007

Reimagining Nursing’S Place In The History Of Clinical Practice, Julie Fairman, P D'Antonio

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.


"They Are All Red Out Here": Socialist Politics In The Pacific Northwest, 1895-1925, Jeffrey Johnson Dec 2007

"They Are All Red Out Here": Socialist Politics In The Pacific Northwest, 1895-1925, Jeffrey Johnson

Jeffrey A. Johnson

One of early-twentieth-century America’s most fertile grounds for political radicalism, the Pacific Northwest produced some of the most dedicated and successful socialists the country has ever seen. As a radicalized labor force emerged in mining, logging, and other extractive industries, socialists employed intensive organizational and logistical skills to become an almost permanent third party that won elections and shook the confidence of establishment rivals. At the height of Socialist Party influence just before World War I, a Montana member declared, “They are all red out here.”

In this first book to fully examine the development of the American Socialist ...


Autoethnographic Introspective In Ethnographic Fiction: A Method Of Inquiry, Carolyn Ellis, C Davis Dec 2007

Autoethnographic Introspective In Ethnographic Fiction: A Method Of Inquiry, Carolyn Ellis, C Davis

Carolyn Ellis

This book explores the experiential research methods (arts-based, reflexative, collaborative) that allow researchers to access their own and their participants' knowing in richer ways. It comprises chapters on innovative methods of research and analysis using literary forms, performance and visual arts, and through collaborative and interdisciplinary inquiry. It offers methodological discussions and first-person accounts of experiences in using these methods in order to fire the imagination of students and researchers. Writers are drawn from various disciplines in the health and social sciences, and the methodologies they discuss can be applied across these fields.


The Medieval Writing Workshop, Alex Mueller Dec 2007

The Medieval Writing Workshop, Alex Mueller

Alex Mueller

If we compare elementary and secondary school classrooms today with their grammar school predecessors of the Middle Ages, we might find few similarities. The terrifying image of the medieval schoolmaster, seated in a chair with his birch in hand, ready to strike supplicant schoolboys for incorrect answers, does not match our more recent and comforting portrait of the teacher who circulates throughout the classroom and nurtures students through a student-centered curriculum. Yet, as an educator trained as both a medievalist and a high school English teacher, I am regularly provoked by the affinities I discover in medieval and modern pedagogies ...


The Alternation Between Present And Past Time In The ‘Telling Of The Bayeux Tapestry Story, George Beech Dec 2007

The Alternation Between Present And Past Time In The ‘Telling Of The Bayeux Tapestry Story, George Beech

George T. Beech

No abstract available.


A Guide To The Church : Its Origin And Nature, Its Mission And Its Ministries, Lawrence Porter Dec 2007

A Guide To The Church : Its Origin And Nature, Its Mission And Its Ministries, Lawrence Porter

Rev. Lawrence B. Porter, Ph.D

No abstract provided.