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Full-Text Articles in History

"After All, Who Takes Care Of The Red Cross's Morale?": The Experiences Of American Red Cross Clubmobile Women During World War Ii, Paige Gulley Jan 2021

"After All, Who Takes Care Of The Red Cross's Morale?": The Experiences Of American Red Cross Clubmobile Women During World War Ii, Paige Gulley

War and Society (MA) Theses

This thesis examines the experiences of the women who served in the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. Their job required them to travel through England, France, and even Germany in converted buses and 2 ½ ton trucks, serving coffee, donuts, and a smile to soldiers just off the front lines. Though considered essential to maintaining soldiers’ morale, historians have virtually ignored these women’s experiences and role in the war. The inattention to their participation by the academic community parallels the disregard the women faced during the war. Clubmobile women ...


Women’S Impact On Cooking Culture During The Great Depression: Limited To Being A Homemaker, Unlimited In Their Authority On Nutrition In Their Communities, Michelle Molina Dec 2020

Women’S Impact On Cooking Culture During The Great Depression: Limited To Being A Homemaker, Unlimited In Their Authority On Nutrition In Their Communities, Michelle Molina

History Undergraduate Theses

This paper examines American cooking culture of the Great Depression, as the impact it had on everyday people’s diet was much greater than one may initially think. By analyzing interviews, photographs, and newspaper advertisements, and conducting archival research, I illuminate the public history of the Great Depression’s impact on diet and the roles women played during it. The existing scholarship on the Great Depression typically focuses on the relief efforts made to help people affected by this economic downturn, but this paper will focus more specifically on the cooking culture that involved women during this desperate time. Harsh ...


Defiance Behind A Pretty Face: The Deceptive Femininity Of Irish Women In Punch, Lindsey Scott Sep 2020

Defiance Behind A Pretty Face: The Deceptive Femininity Of Irish Women In Punch, Lindsey Scott

The Macksey Journal

Scholars have long considered the Victorian satirical magazine Punch to be a window into the opinions and sensibilities of its predominantly middle-class English audience. Not only did the publication humorously comment upon life in Victorian England, but it often captured aspects of the colonial tension felt between England and its closest overseas colony, Ireland. Although much scholarly attention has been given to the figure of the Irish man in the Victorian periodical press, very little has been written on contemporary depictions of his feminine counterpart, the Irish woman. The omission is curious as the Irish woman represents an interesting figure ...


They’Ll Only Stop Killin’ Us, If You Say Please: The Role Of #Blacklivesmatter, Black Twitter, And Flint, Michigan In Modern Day Respectability Politics, Chasia Elzina Jeffries Sep 2020

They’Ll Only Stop Killin’ Us, If You Say Please: The Role Of #Blacklivesmatter, Black Twitter, And Flint, Michigan In Modern Day Respectability Politics, Chasia Elzina Jeffries

The Macksey Journal

Respectability politics, which require Black folks to make ourselves as non-confrontational, palatable, and white as possible, pressing our hair, pulling up our pants, and speaking properly are a lasting remnant of the diligent work of Black women during the Jim Crow Era to ensure social uplift and Black survival. This project traces the history of Black women in the development of performative survival and highlights our position and the efficacy of code-switching today, primarily through the Flint Water Crisis. As Black Americans refuse to conform to white standards, becoming more and more proud of our Blackness and as innocent Black ...


Bowling Green-Warren County Girl Scout Council (Mss 711), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2020

Bowling Green-Warren County Girl Scout Council (Mss 711), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 711. Minutes and miscellaneous records of the Bowling Green-Warren County (Kentucky) Girl Scout Council. Includes minutes and planning documents for the Caveland Girl Scout Council covering 14 counties in south central Kentucky.


Girl Scout Troop No. 1 - Bowling Green, Kentucky (Mss 710), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2020

Girl Scout Troop No. 1 - Bowling Green, Kentucky (Mss 710), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 710. Minutes and records for Bowling Green, Kentucky’s Girl Scout Troop No. 1. Includes some individual records, troop certificates, and a play script.


Review Of Nancy F. Cott, The Bonds Of Womanhood: Woman’S Sphere In New England, 1780-1835, Merritt A. Morgan Aug 2020

Review Of Nancy F. Cott, The Bonds Of Womanhood: Woman’S Sphere In New England, 1780-1835, Merritt A. Morgan

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

Historian Nancy Cott has produced an important work that explores the dialectic between the women’s work and their changing status in reference to the new rhetoric of democracy in the antebellum period. Cott shows us how women perceived themselves and what they said that she expects will lead to a new framework for the interpretation of the concept of womanhood.


“The New American Woman”: The Legal And Political Career Of Clara Shortridge Foltz, Marissa Swope Aug 2020

“The New American Woman”: The Legal And Political Career Of Clara Shortridge Foltz, Marissa Swope

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

This article analyzes the life and career of Clara Shortridge Foltz, a California attorney and suffragist of the latter decades of the 19th Century and the early 20th Century who was an early developer of the concept of the public defender, leaving an important legacy in the advancement of women's rights.


Language, Identity, And Citizenship: Politics Of Education In Madawaska, 1842-1920, Elisa E A Sance Aug 2020

Language, Identity, And Citizenship: Politics Of Education In Madawaska, 1842-1920, Elisa E A Sance

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The establishment of the international border between Maine and New Brunswick in 1842 through the signature of the Webster-Ashburton treaty divided the Francophone population of the Madawaska region along the Saint John River. As a result, each half became administered by an Anglophone government. The linguistic and cultural differences between the Madawaska French and the Anglo-Saxon Protestant ruling majority in both the state and the province complicated the establishment of new public institutions. The language of both administrations as well as the language of public education was English; a language that very few people among the Madawaska French spoke or ...


Morton, Lilith - Keepsakes, 1884-1907 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2020

Morton, Lilith - Keepsakes, 1884-1907 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

Genealogical Records

Keepsakes related to Lilith Morton of Mortons Gap in Hopkins County, Kentucky. Click on "Additional File" below to see more information about Lilith Morton and the keepsakes.


Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1902-1914 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2020

Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1902-1914 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

Genealogical Records

Letters addressed to Lilith Morton of Mortons Gap in Hopkins County, Kentucky, 1902-1914. Click on "Additional File" below to see more information about Lilith Morton and the letters.


Women's Residence Hall, Arkansas State College, Yee Tin-Boo Aug 2020

Women's Residence Hall, Arkansas State College, Yee Tin-Boo

Women's history in Arkansas

Color postcard of the Women's Residence Hall at Arkansas State College in Jonesboro.


Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1901-1902 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2020

Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1901-1902 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

Genealogical Records

Letters addressed to Lilith Morton of Mortons Gap in Hopkins County, Kentucky, 1901-1902. Click on "Additional File" below to see more information about Lilith Morton and the letters.


The Women Of The Virus Research Laboratory: The Hidden History Of The Salk Vaccine Through The Women Who Worked With Dr. Jonas Salk In Pittsburgh, Pa From 1947 To 1955, Julie Kerlin Aug 2020

The Women Of The Virus Research Laboratory: The Hidden History Of The Salk Vaccine Through The Women Who Worked With Dr. Jonas Salk In Pittsburgh, Pa From 1947 To 1955, Julie Kerlin

The Macksey Journal

Dr. Jonas Salk is known as an American hero who saved the nation when he developed the polio vaccine. His achievement was announced to the world on April 12, 1955. Dr. Salk was rightfully and universally praised, receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. But Dr. Salk did not work alone. Few of his coworkers were credited by Salk, at the time or in the wake of the announcement, and as a result the media and the public knew next to nothing about the eight-year-long collaborative efforts in Salk’s Virus Research Laboratory (VRL). His coworkers and assistants were ...


Stooping Heads And Aspiring Shoulders: Advice For A Happy Marriage In Early Modern England, Meredith Power Aug 2020

Stooping Heads And Aspiring Shoulders: Advice For A Happy Marriage In Early Modern England, Meredith Power

The Macksey Journal

The Protestant Reformation in England began with Henry VIII's Great Matter in the early 1500s. Almost a century later, British society's understanding of what made a good and happy marriage had evolved alongside the broader shifts in church doctrine, and Puritan factions began to splinter from mainstream Anglican practices and teachings. Writing in 1617 from the Protestant stronghold of Oxfordshire, an influential minister named William Whately offered newlyweds and engaged couples advice regarding their duties to each other and to their community. This 'Bride-bush,' as he called it, sought to make marriage "a great Helpe" for those who ...


A Feminist Historiography Of Jewish Motherhood During The Holocaust, Andrea Gapsch Aug 2020

A Feminist Historiography Of Jewish Motherhood During The Holocaust, Andrea Gapsch

The Macksey Journal

This historiography researches historians’ view of Jewish motherhood during the Holocaust. For several decades, Holocaust research primarily focused on the male experience, as it was seen as normative. It was not until the 1980s that female historians had to argue that Jewish women experienced the Holocaust differently than men. Specifically, Jewish women were targeted by the Nazis for the ability to bear and raise Jewish children. The Nazis criminalized pregnancy (which led to abortions done by Jewish women and inmate doctors and infanticide), forcibly sterilized Jewish men and women, and caused amenorrhea in the camps by poor nutrition and overworking ...


Polygamy, Free-Love, And The Fight For Women’S Suffrage: The National Woman Suffrage Association And Fringe Marriage Ideology Suffragists, 1869-1890, Charlotte Waldman Aug 2020

Polygamy, Free-Love, And The Fight For Women’S Suffrage: The National Woman Suffrage Association And Fringe Marriage Ideology Suffragists, 1869-1890, Charlotte Waldman

The Macksey Journal

In the 1870s and 80s, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) advocated for suffrage in a cultural climate fraught with sexual censoriousness and “respectability” politics. In contrast to the rival American Woman Suffrage Association, the NWSA worked with all women who demanded suffrage, putting them in the unique position of collaborating with women on opposite sides of the marriage ideology spectrum. Victoria Woodhull and other free-lovers held that all marriage was oppressive, while Mormon women in Utah stridently defended plural marriage. Neither group was considered acceptable for public association, but both worked with the NWSA. Scholars have examined the relationships ...


Double Mint And Double Standard: American Attitudes Toward Women Chewing Gum, 1880–1930, Brooke Sutton Aug 2020

Double Mint And Double Standard: American Attitudes Toward Women Chewing Gum, 1880–1930, Brooke Sutton

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


"Rebel Girls" Reevaluated: Gender In The Lives Of Three Wobbly Women, Jake Andersen Aug 2020

"Rebel Girls" Reevaluated: Gender In The Lives Of Three Wobbly Women, Jake Andersen

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


The "Science Of Motherhood", Bethany Morey Aug 2020

The "Science Of Motherhood", Bethany Morey

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


"This Dangerous Ascendancy": Women's Political Participation In The French Revolution, Natalie Merten Aug 2020

"This Dangerous Ascendancy": Women's Political Participation In The French Revolution, Natalie Merten

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1897-1900 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2020

Morton, Lilith - Letters To, 1897-1900 (Mss 701), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

Genealogical Records

Letters addressed to Lilith Morton of Mortons Gap in Hopkins County, Kentucky, 1897-1900. Click on "Additional File" below to see more information about Lilith Morton and the letters.


The Pattern Of American Society: Treatment Of Korean War Brides In The United States Following The Korean War, Tatiana Moore Aug 2020

The Pattern Of American Society: Treatment Of Korean War Brides In The United States Following The Korean War, Tatiana Moore

Undergraduate Research Journal

While serving overseas in the early to mid-twentieth century, American servicemen often engaged in relationships with foreign women and wanted to bring these women back to the United States as wives. Following the Korean War, many of the more than 6,000 women who married American military men immigrated to the United States. Often referred to as GI War Brides, these women faced discrimination, tried to assimilate into American culture, and struggled to share their stories. Through the examination of government documents, personal stories, and cultural expectations, this paper argues that Korean War Brides’ experiences in America differed very little ...


A Unique Type Of Loneliness: Infertility In Nineteenth-Century America, Abigail Butler Aug 2020

A Unique Type Of Loneliness: Infertility In Nineteenth-Century America, Abigail Butler

Theses and Dissertations from 2020

Many diaries and letters written by nineteenth-century Americans display the aching for parenthood and pain of loss due to miscarriage. Though some women felt joy or relief when they recognized they had miscarried or were not pregnant, infertility negatively affected the everyday lives of many men and women in the nineteenth century. Infertility not only disturbed their personal beliefs of family and their role in society, but could cause marital discord, feeling outcast from society, and could lead to other health problems. Women in slavery faced even more serious consequences that included being sold away from their family and/or ...


Imagining Margaret Garner: The Tragic Life Of An American Woman, Cecilia M. Smith Jul 2020

Imagining Margaret Garner: The Tragic Life Of An American Woman, Cecilia M. Smith

History in the Making

There is limited information on the life of the nineteenth century female slave with most details compiled from the narratives of well-known women such as Sojourner Truth. Professor Erlene Stetson and other historians argue that scholars treat slavery as a male phenomenon and the female is merely looked upon as a breeder, while noted African-American activist Angela Davis calls for a more accurate portrayal to debunk derogatory myths. This paper addresses the issue of image with the argument that the enslaved African-American woman possessed no image of her own. It focuses on the story of a runaway female slave named ...


Treating The Revolution: Health Care And Solidarity In El Salvador And Nicaragua In The 1980s, Brittany Mcwilliams Jul 2020

Treating The Revolution: Health Care And Solidarity In El Salvador And Nicaragua In The 1980s, Brittany Mcwilliams

Masters Theses

TREATING THE REVOLUTION: HEALTH CARE AND SOLIDARITY IN EL SALVADOR AND NICARAGUA IN THE 1980S

MAY 2020

BRITTANY MCWILLIAMS, B.A., NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY

M.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Kevin A. Young

Health care played an important role in the revolutions of El Salvador and Nicaragua. Both the Sandinistas and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) prioritized popular health throughout the 1980s. Clinics and hospitals served as sites of revolution that drew healthcare solidarity activists from the United States. These health internationalists worked to build community-level networks that relied upon trained medical volunteers. In both El ...


Her-Story: The Forgotten Part Of The Civil Rights Movement, Elizabeth Guzman Jul 2020

Her-Story: The Forgotten Part Of The Civil Rights Movement, Elizabeth Guzman

History in the Making

No abstract provided.


Amjambo Africa! (July 2020), Kathreen Harrison Jul 2020

Amjambo Africa! (July 2020), Kathreen Harrison

Amjambo Africa!

In This Issue...

Publisher’s Editorial ....................p. 4

Translations French ...................................... p.5

Swahili...................................... p.6

Somali ....................................... p.7

Kinyarwanda ..........................p.18

Portuguese .............................p.19

News from Africa ........................p. 8

Business, Economics & Financial Literacy...................p. 10

World Market Basket ..........p. 12/13

Legislative Update ......p 17/20/21/9

Community News......................p. 16

Columns..............................................

About hair .................................p. 20

Hope House ..............................p. 19

Safe Healthcare .........................p. 21


Hattie Caraway Jul 2020

Hattie Caraway

Women's history in Arkansas

Black and white photographic portrait of Senator Hattie Caraway.


Medora Hampton Kitchens Making Rugs With Friends Jul 2020

Medora Hampton Kitchens Making Rugs With Friends

Women's history in Arkansas

Black and white photographic negative of Medora Hampton Kitchens and her friends showing rugs they are making. Medora is standing with a rug labeled, "Daisy Scroll." The seated women are unnamed but the titles of their rugs are listed left to right: "Gift of Love," Bow, Knot and Roses," "Paradise Garden," "Hearth Rug," and "Arcadia."