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Medieval History

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1970

Full-Text Articles in History

‘Written In A Fair Hand’: The Living Tradition Of Medieval Scripts In J.R.R. Tolkien’S Calligraphy, Eduardo B. Kumamoto Sep 2020

‘Written In A Fair Hand’: The Living Tradition Of Medieval Scripts In J.R.R. Tolkien’S Calligraphy, Eduardo B. Kumamoto

Journal of Tolkien Research

This paper examines J.R.R. Tolkien’s calligraphic work in the light of the medieval scripts that possibly or certainly inspired him, aiming to demonstrate how his art was informed by the philological and paleographical dimensions. At first, we explore the context in which Tolkien’s calligraphic skills flourished. After that, the influence of the Anglo-Saxon Square Minuscule, the Insular Half-uncial, and the Uncial scripts is investigated by means of examples taken from Tolkien’s illustrations and manuscripts. The impact of the English Carolingian Minuscule, via Edward Johnston’s Foundational Hand, is also discussed. In the last section, the ...


Judith Augusta And Her Time, Allen Cabaniss Sep 2020

Judith Augusta And Her Time, Allen Cabaniss

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Capitalism And Biblical Ethics, Sarah D. Stewart Jul 2020

Capitalism And Biblical Ethics, Sarah D. Stewart

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

There has been a growing trend in some expressions of Christianity to view Capitalism as fundamentally incompatible with the Christian faith. This article looked to a variety of sources to argue that Christianity and Capitalism are not fundamentally incompatible. Rather, Capitalism developed alongside developments in Christian theology during the Middle Ages. This traditional form of Capitalism is defined and argued for in this article. The article attempts to demonstrate that the elements that allow Capitalism to thrive are compatible with Christian ethics. The case is made by first examining the historical development of Capitalism and its relationship to Christianity. From ...


Does The Painter Know The Bridle And Bit?: Monastic Art And Literature As Sources For The History Of Maritime Technology, 750-1200, Angus C.B. Warren Jul 2020

Does The Painter Know The Bridle And Bit?: Monastic Art And Literature As Sources For The History Of Maritime Technology, 750-1200, Angus C.B. Warren

The Macksey Journal

Recent studies of northern European ships and shipping in the Middle Ages have treated manuscript illuminations as reliable sources of technical information concerning vessel construction. On the strength of apparent correlation between the fragmentary archaeological record and the much fuller corpus of illustrations, Dr. Joe Flatman has argued that monastic artists of the tenth through thirteenth centuries interacted closely with ships and understood their form and function. However, the illuminations do not support this view: instead, there is strong evidence that manuscript painters derived their maritime compositions from imitation of earlier illustrations. Similarly, monastic literature exhibits no familiarity with either ...


The Defense Of Principates: The English Appropriation Of Marsilius Of Padua's 'Defensor Pacis', Nathan Harkey Jul 2020

The Defense Of Principates: The English Appropriation Of Marsilius Of Padua's 'Defensor Pacis', Nathan Harkey

Theses and Dissertations

Marsilius of Padua’s Defensor pacis is widely thought to be one of the most important texts to emerge in late medieval Europe. Initially purposed as a defense of Holy Roman Emperor Ludwig IV’s rights against the claim of the papacy’s claim to possess a ‘plenitude of power’, Defensor pacis is one of the most sophisticated arguments against the centuries of abuse of papal authority. Marsilius, though condemned as a heretic during his lifetime, remains a pivotal figure for medieval and early modern European historians, and is perhaps best remembered by the ways that his ideology influenced subsequent ...


Front Matter May 2020

Front Matter

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Book Reviews May 2020

Book Reviews

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Back Matter May 2020

Back Matter

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Sexual And Erotic Transgression Through Aesthetic History: A Study Of Algernon Charles Swinburne, Ronny F. Ford May 2020

Sexual And Erotic Transgression Through Aesthetic History: A Study Of Algernon Charles Swinburne, Ronny F. Ford

Beyond the Margins: A Journal of Graduate Literary Scholarship

This article examines the relationship between Algernon Charles Swinburne’s poetic writing and history, especially in regards to how he explores sexual transgressions. The article begins with how aestheticism works in tangent with history to further these transgressions within a historical context and especially within the realm of Victorian Christianity. Next, Swinburne’s medieval aesthetics in “The Leper” will be analyzed in regards specifically necrophilia and the taking care of a leper, and how the writing of this poem was both a condemnation of Christianity and an accidental upholding of it. The violent homoeroticism and monstrous femininity of “Anactoria” are ...


Knights Of The Middle Ages, David Sikes May 2020

Knights Of The Middle Ages, David Sikes

History Class Publications

As humans began to grow in numbers, they began to create civilizations for themselves in order to better survive, and as those civilizations grew, there came to be a divergence of roles for people to perform. The most universal of all these was the Warrior Elite, a class of people who were part of the lesser nobility and would function as officers and generals in times of conflict. For Japan it was the Samurai, for Iran it was the Persian Immortals, and for Europe in the 9th to late 15th century, there were the Knights. Let us look ...


The Participation Of Women Believers And The Family In Later Languedocian Catharism, 1300-1308, William Grant Edmundson May 2020

The Participation Of Women Believers And The Family In Later Languedocian Catharism, 1300-1308, William Grant Edmundson

Theses and Dissertations

This master’s thesis means to contribute to scholarship on the nature of lived Catharism in later medieval Languedoc. The study uses depositions from the inquisition registers of Jacques Fournier and Geoffroy d’Ablis, as well as Bernard Gui’s Liber sententiarum (book of sentences) to examine and compare how men, women, and families who were friends, relatives, accomplices, believers, and defenders of Cathar perfecti (the Cathar spiritual elite) participated in and supported the sect during the “Authié revival” from 1300 to 1308 by means of a case study on the Benet family from Montaillou and Ax.

The study argues ...


Conduct Becoming: Good Wives And Husbands In The Later Middle Ages, Tovah Bender May 2020

Conduct Becoming: Good Wives And Husbands In The Later Middle Ages, Tovah Bender

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Imperial Ladies Of The Ottonian Dynasty: Women And Rule In Tenth-Century Germany, Janna Bianchini May 2020

Imperial Ladies Of The Ottonian Dynasty: Women And Rule In Tenth-Century Germany, Janna Bianchini

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Non-Muslim Integration Into The Early Islamic Caliphate Through The Use Of Surrender Agreements, Rachel Hutchings May 2020

Non-Muslim Integration Into The Early Islamic Caliphate Through The Use Of Surrender Agreements, Rachel Hutchings

History Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this honors thesis, I discuss the role of surrender agreements in the early Islamic caliphate and their evolution through the ninth century. Seen as a window into the developing relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, surrender agreements shed considerable light on the evolving conceptualization of non-Muslims’ place in dar al-Islam from the point of view of Islamic legal tradition and political theory. By defining the relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims in a framework that was agreed on by all parties and one that preserved the basic rights of non-Muslims, these agreements were remarkably effective in facilitating the incorporation of non-Muslims ...


Fragments For A History Of Vanishing Humanism, Heather Blatt May 2020

Fragments For A History Of Vanishing Humanism, Heather Blatt

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Her Father's Daughter: Gender, Power, And Religion In The Early Spanish Kingdoms, Jessica A. Boon May 2020

Her Father's Daughter: Gender, Power, And Religion In The Early Spanish Kingdoms, Jessica A. Boon

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


The Witchcraft Sourcebook, Holle Canatella May 2020

The Witchcraft Sourcebook, Holle Canatella

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


The French Of Medieval England: Essays In Honour Of Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, S. C. Kaplan May 2020

The French Of Medieval England: Essays In Honour Of Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, S. C. Kaplan

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Imagined Communities: Constructing Collective Identities In Medieval Europe, Charles-Louis Morand-Metivier May 2020

Imagined Communities: Constructing Collective Identities In Medieval Europe, Charles-Louis Morand-Metivier

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


"Le Bone Florence Of Rome": A Critical Edition And Facing Translation Of A Middle English Romance Analogous To Chaucer's "Man Of Law's Tale", Brendan O'Connell May 2020

"Le Bone Florence Of Rome": A Critical Edition And Facing Translation Of A Middle English Romance Analogous To Chaucer's "Man Of Law's Tale", Brendan O'Connell

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Peace And Penance In Late Medieval Italy, Janine Larmon Peterson May 2020

Peace And Penance In Late Medieval Italy, Janine Larmon Peterson

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


The Sight Of Semiramis: Medieval And Early Modern Narratives Of The Babylonian Queen, Victoria E. H. Walker May 2020

The Sight Of Semiramis: Medieval And Early Modern Narratives Of The Babylonian Queen, Victoria E. H. Walker

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Royal And Elite Households In Medieval And Early Modern Europe: More Than Just A Castle, Elena Woodacre May 2020

Royal And Elite Households In Medieval And Early Modern Europe: More Than Just A Castle, Elena Woodacre

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


On Guilds And Statecraft, Matthew Waldschmidt Apr 2020

On Guilds And Statecraft, Matthew Waldschmidt

Senior Scholars Day

No abstract provided.


Visible Invisibility: The Reliquary Châssein The Art Institute Of Chicago, Ziqiao Wang Apr 2020

Visible Invisibility: The Reliquary Châssein The Art Institute Of Chicago, Ziqiao Wang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research examines the shape of a French reliquary made in 1300 C.E. from Limoges, South France. The study inquiries on how its ambiguous architectonic form corresponding to immaterial holiness of the medieval relics. The shape could be considered as a sacred sanctuary for the holy’s residence symbolically. Recent scholarship has identified two possible archetypes of this ambiguous architectonic reference: it could be an architectonic sarcophagus from pagan Roman era, or a Christian church built in late medieval Christendom. This study scrutinizes these two arguments with claiming its transcendental iconography nature, while correlating the object with the history ...


Chivalry And The Knight, Kyle Burrow Apr 2020

Chivalry And The Knight, Kyle Burrow

History Class Publications

What does it mean to have honor? Cultures from across the world have asked this question for millennia, and most of them have come up with very violent answers. Probably the most recognizable form of honorable conduct that we see in history is the idea of chivalry. Born in the Middle Ages, this idea bloomed in a troubled time, when wars were a pretty common occurrence, and the upper class was starting to need to justify their existence-- or distract the population with another shiny crusade. This is where chivalry comes in. At first, it was little more than a ...


Between The Judean Desert And Gaza: Asceticism And The Monastic Communities Of Palestine In The Sixth Century, Austin Mccray Apr 2020

Between The Judean Desert And Gaza: Asceticism And The Monastic Communities Of Palestine In The Sixth Century, Austin Mccray

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The dissertation focuses on the religious culture of Christian monasticism in sixth-century Palestine. Rather than see the monastic communities of the Judean Desert, just to the east of Jerusalem, and those around Gaza as two independent monastic regions, as much scholarship has done, the dissertation focuses on the common threads that can be seen in the monastic teachings and idealized ascetic practices in the literature of the area. This dissertation reveals ways to redefine the boundaries between the monastic communities of Palestine during the sixth century as well as emphasizes the continuities between the monks of the Judean Desert and ...


The Light Of The Middle Ages, David Duwal Apr 2020

The Light Of The Middle Ages, David Duwal

Undergraduate Student Scholarship – History

This essay presents a description of three medieval candlesticks as well as an argument about their purposes other than for holding candles. It explores the symbolic and religious nature of medieval design, especially in regard to the natural and bestial. Accompanying is a digital exhibition of the three candlesticks that includes close-up images of the details discussed in the essay.


The Rise And Fall Of South Carolina College, Robert D. Cathcart Iii Apr 2020

The Rise And Fall Of South Carolina College, Robert D. Cathcart Iii

Senior Theses

Through a thorough examination of the underpinnings of Classical education, as well as the history of South Carolina College, it is clear that the classical system is superior to the later University system imposed upon the College during the Reconstruction period. Classical education began in the Greek philosophic schools, such as the Academy and the Lyceum, and was intended to enrich the soul of its students, as well as to equip them for leadership in the future. But the most important aspect of this education was its universality. It is highly ironic that the original concept of the University began ...


Hell Hath No Appetite Like A Woman: Food Imagery In The Lives Of The Wife Of Bath And Margery Kempe, Rhone O'Hara Apr 2020

Hell Hath No Appetite Like A Woman: Food Imagery In The Lives Of The Wife Of Bath And Margery Kempe, Rhone O'Hara

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis focuses on the medieval texts of Chaucer’s “Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale” and The Book of Margery Kempe. Specifically it analyzes The Wife of Bath, as one of Chaucer’s most famous literary characters in The Canterbury Tales written in 1387 and Margery Kempe, a medieval mystic whose story is known as the first autobiography written in English in the 1432. Furthermore, this thesis explores how the Wife of Bath and Margery Kempe's relationships with literal and figurative food define their experiences as middle-class medieval wives. It is through food that the Wife of ...