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History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 58

Full-Text Articles in History

Book Reviews: If By Sea: The Forging Of The American Navy—From The American Revolution To The War Of 1812; The Age Of The Ship Of The Line: The British & French Navies, 1650-1815; Six Frigates: The Epic History Of The Founding Of The U.S. Navy, Robert M. Oxley Nov 2010

Book Reviews: If By Sea: The Forging Of The American Navy—From The American Revolution To The War Of 1812; The Age Of The Ship Of The Line: The British & French Navies, 1650-1815; Six Frigates: The Epic History Of The Founding Of The U.S. Navy, Robert M. Oxley

Humanities & Communication - Daytona Beach

This document is Dr. Oxley's review of three books: If by Sea: The Forging of the American Navy--From the American Revolution to the War of 1812, by George C. Daughan. Basic Books, 2008. 563 pp. Maps, glossary, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 978-0-465-01607-5 $30; The Age of the Ship of the Line: The British & French Navies, 1650-1815, by Jonathan R. Dull. University of Nebraska Press, 2009. 260 pp. Maps, diagrams, notes, index. ISBN 978-0-8032-1930-4 $29.95; and Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the U.S. Navy, by Ian W. Toll. W.W. Norton, 2006. 560 pp. Illustrations, chronology, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 978-0-393-33032-8 $16.95


Early Continental Philosophy Of Science, Babette Babich Oct 2010

Early Continental Philosophy Of Science, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

No abstract provided.


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 4, Fall 2010 Oct 2010

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 4, Fall 2010

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 4, Fall 2010

Dean's Message, page 2

Findings: Studies Produce New Tumor Growth Theory, Page 4

No Longer Fringe: Integrative Medicine Blends In, page 6

Breathing New Life into CPR, page 12

The Art of Healing: The Gross Clinic Reborn, page 14

Faculty Profile: Charlie Yeo: The Consummate Competitor, page 20

On Campus, page 22

Class Notes, page 26

Giving, page 32

In Memoriam, page 44

By the Numbers, page 46


Rafinesque And Transylvania’S First Botanical Garden, Charles T. Ambrose Oct 2010

Rafinesque And Transylvania’S First Botanical Garden, Charles T. Ambrose

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Five Early American Botanists: Works And Opinions Of Rafinesque, Charles T. Ambrose Oct 2010

Five Early American Botanists: Works And Opinions Of Rafinesque, Charles T. Ambrose

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Intelligible Creator-God And The Intelligent Soul Of The Cosmos In Plato’S Theology And Metaphysics, Jason G. Rheins Aug 2010

The Intelligible Creator-God And The Intelligent Soul Of The Cosmos In Plato’S Theology And Metaphysics, Jason G. Rheins

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

THE INTELLIGIBLE CREATOR-GOD AND THE INTELLIGENT SOUL OF THE COSMOS IN PLATO’S THEOLOGY AND METAPHYSICS

Jason G. Rheins

Charles H. Kahn and Susan Sauvé Meyer

When Plato discusses the World-soul, cosmic intellect (nous), and the Demiurge, he approaches them theologically, i.e. as being the subjects of an account of the nature of the gods, but few works in the last half-century or more have addressed the ‘players’ in Plato’s theology as such. The major strata in the hierarchy of divine beings were referred to in the Neo-Platonist tradition as “hypostases”. My question is this: between intellect ...


Metallurgy In The Roman Forts Of Scotland: An Archaeological Analysis, Scott S. Stetkiewicz Aug 2010

Metallurgy In The Roman Forts Of Scotland: An Archaeological Analysis, Scott S. Stetkiewicz

Honors Projects Overview

Investigates the presence of metalworking in thirty-seven Roman forts in Scotland during the Flavian, Antonine, and Severan occupations largely through analysis of published documentation concerning relevant archaeological excavations.


Is There Evidence For The Observation And Use Of Astronomy At The Harris Site In The Mimbres Valley?, Denise Ruzicka Aug 2010

Is There Evidence For The Observation And Use Of Astronomy At The Harris Site In The Mimbres Valley?, Denise Ruzicka

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This thesis is an archaeoastronomical study of a Late Pithouse Period (A.D. 550-1000) Mimbres-Mogollon site in the American Southwest. It specifically examines whether there is an association between architecture and astronomy at the Harris Site in the upper Mimbres Valley in southwestern New Mexico. The hypothesis for the study is that Mimbres pithouse groups observed astronomical phenomena and used such phenomena to guide the construction of their structures and establish a calendar. The methods used in this investigation include evaluating whether the site placement, the orientation and alignment of structures/houses, and the presence of cultural features on surrounding ...


Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy Jul 2010

Charles R. Foy Review Of Michael J. Jarvis, “In The Eye Of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, And The Maritime Atlantic World,” In Common-Place 10:4 (July 2010) (Www.Common-Place.Org)., Charles R. Foy

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

In his comprehensive study of colonial Bermuda Jarvis places Bermuda in "the eye of trade," i.e., the center of the Anglo-American Atlantic. He proceeds to use this new perspective to explore six key characteristics of Bermudian life: its transition from a tobacco society to a maritime society; the island’s unique system of slavery; the emphasis placed on kinship connections and communal activities; Bermudian exploitation of the Atlantic’s natural resources; the effect of Bermuda’s maritime economy on its residents; and the impact of the American Revolution on Bermudian society. With their maritime skills, unique slave system and ...


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 3, Summer 2010 Jul 2010

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 3, Summer 2010

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 3, Summer 2010

Dean's Message, page 2

Findings: Researchers Find Breast Tumor Suppressor, page 4

Computational Biology: Turning Data into Knowledge, page 6

Entire Back File of Jefferson Alumni Bulletins Available Online, page 10

Healthcare Reform: What Does it Mean for Physicians and Medical Students?, page 12

Faculty Profile: Janet Larson: Pioneering Fetal Gene Technologies, page 18

On Campus, page 20

Class Notes, page 26

In Memoriam, page 30

By the Numbers, page 33


Closing Remarks, Richard Clement Jun 2010

Closing Remarks, Richard Clement

Richard W. Clement

No abstract provided.


Welcome And Introduction, Richard Clement, Raymond Coward Jun 2010

Welcome And Introduction, Richard Clement, Raymond Coward

Richard W. Clement

No abstract provided.


The Digital Future Is Now: What The Humanities Can Learn From Escience, Christine L. Borgman May 2010

The Digital Future Is Now: What The Humanities Can Learn From Escience, Christine L. Borgman

Christine L. Borgman

As the digital humanities mature, their scholarship is taking on many characteristics of the sciences, becoming more data-intensive, information-intensive, distributed, multi-disciplinary, and collaborative. While few scholars in the humanities or arts would wish to be characterized as emulating scientists, they do envy the comparatively rich technical and resource infrastructure of the sciences. The interests of all scholars in the university align with respect to access to data, library resources, and computing infrastructure. However, the scholarly interests of the sciences and humanities diverge regarding research practices, sources of evidence, and degrees of control over those sources. This talk will explore the ...


Weathering Heights: The Emergence Of Aeronautical Meteorology As An Infrastructural Science, Roger Turner May 2010

Weathering Heights: The Emergence Of Aeronautical Meteorology As An Infrastructural Science, Roger Turner

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The first half of the 20th century was an era of weathering heights. As the development of powered flight made the free atmosphere militarily and economically relevant, meteorologists encountered new kinds of weather conditions at altitude. Pilots also learned to weather heights, as they struggled to survive in an atmosphere that revealed surprising dangers like squall lines, fog, icing, and turbulence. Aeronautical meteorology evolved out of these encounters, a heterogeneous body of knowledge that included guidelines for routing aircraft, networks for observing the upper air using scientific instruments, and procedures for synthesizing those observations into weather forecasts designed for pilots ...


What We Talk About When We Talk About The Soul, Stephen Asma May 2010

What We Talk About When We Talk About The Soul, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

The author discusses the popularity among college students of the concept of the soul, and attempts to place it in its proper context. He dispenses with orthodox theological arguments and New Age arguments as scientifically untenable. He takes a so-called Wittgensteinian approach, noting soul's linguistic significance. He analyzes expressions which use the concept of soul and concludes that they are qualitatively different from testable factual expressions. He notes that soul talk is about hopes and aspirations, inspiration, or feelings deeper than friendship. He assigns it meaning outside of scientific concepts. He likens expressions of soul to creative and ethical ...


Das ‚Problem Der Wissenschaft‘ Oder Nietzsches Philosophische Kritik Wissenschaftlicher Vernunft, Babette Babich May 2010

Das ‚Problem Der Wissenschaft‘ Oder Nietzsches Philosophische Kritik Wissenschaftlicher Vernunft, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Mathematical Societies And Journals, Eric S. Savage May 2010

The Origins Of Mathematical Societies And Journals, Eric S. Savage

Masters Theses

We investigate the origins of mathematical societies and journals. We argue that the origins of today’s professional societies and journals have their roots in the informal gatherings of mathematicians in 17th century Italy, France, and England. The small gatherings in these nations began as academies and after gaining government recognition and support, they became the ancestors of the professional societies that exist today. We provide a brief background on the influences of the Renaissance and Reformation before discussing the formation of mathematical academies in each country.


"Two Days By Plane": America's First Transcontinental Passenger Airline And The Selling Of The Skies, Sean Fraga May 2010

"Two Days By Plane": America's First Transcontinental Passenger Airline And The Selling Of The Skies, Sean Fraga

MSSA Kaplan Prize for Use of MSSA Collections

Transcontinental Air Transport, the first transcontinental passenger airline in the U.S., cut the time necessary to cross the continent in half—and, in doing so, opened a new age in passenger aviation. In its brief life, the airline also captured the possibilities of flight, the limitations of technology, the power of celebrity, and the promise of national integration.


Ohio Academy Of Medical History Annual Meeting Program, April 10, 2010, Ohio Academy Of Medical History Apr 2010

Ohio Academy Of Medical History Annual Meeting Program, April 10, 2010, Ohio Academy Of Medical History

Annual Conference Programs

This tri-fold program is from the annual meeting of the Ohio Academy of Medical History held on April 10, 2010 at the University of Cincinnati Vontz Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. The program details the events and presentations of the meeting.


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 2, Spring 2010 Apr 2010

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 2, Spring 2010

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 59, Number 2, Spring 2010

Dean's Message, page 2

Findings: Researchers Decode Powerful Tumor Suppressor, page 4

Jefferson Physicians Respond to Haiti Earthquake, page 6

Student Blog: Exploring Health Care in Uganda, page 10

JHN Physicians Use Robotic System to Examine Patients from Afar, page 13

Crime in the Age of Science: 19th Century Body Snatching, page 14

Faculty Profile: Edouard Trabulsi: Easing the Burden on Cancer Patients, page 18

On Campus, page 20

Class Notes: George Valko, MD ’86: Alumni Association’s New President, page 22

In Memoriam, page 27

By the Numbers, page ...


Carolus Linnaeus (Carl Von Linné), 1707-1778: The Swede Who Named Almost Everything, Charles T. Ambrose Apr 2010

Carolus Linnaeus (Carl Von Linné), 1707-1778: The Swede Who Named Almost Everything, Charles T. Ambrose

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction: Epistemic Boundaries, Sebastián Gil-Riaño Jan 2010

Editor's Introduction: Epistemic Boundaries, Sebastián Gil-Riaño

Departmental Papers (HSS)

As science studies scholars, one of our basic tasks is to draw the boundaries that will define our units of inquiry and constrain the chronological and geographical limits of our studies. Without these boundaries, the categories of our analysis remain imprecise. Fortunately, we now have an extensive toolkit to help us with this task. With paradigms, research programs, epistemic cultures, or styles of reasoning, historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science now have a large set of resources for locating the fissures and discontinuities in science. The papers from the focused discussion of this issue of Spontaneous Generations present us with ...


Green Guilt, Stephen Asma Jan 2010

Green Guilt, Stephen Asma

Stephen T Asma

The essay discusses the more neurotic aspects of environmentalism, involving guilt over failure to recycle or turn off the lights. It notes that those most prone to these sensibilities are those who have left traditional religion. It quotes philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche who states that religious emotions such as guilt and indignation are still present in a post-Christian world. The essay argues that we should certainly save the planet but avoid the neurosis that often accompanies it.


A New Online Resource Jan 2010

A New Online Resource

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 2010

Front Matter

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Recent Bibliography Jan 2010

Recent Bibliography

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Disciplinary Measures? Histories Of Egyptology In Multi-Disciplinary Context, William Carruthers Jan 2010

Disciplinary Measures? Histories Of Egyptology In Multi-Disciplinary Context, William Carruthers

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Conference Announcement Jan 2010

Conference Announcement

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 2010

Front Matter

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Wenner-Gren Foundation Symposium Held In Teresópolis, Brazil, March 5-12, 2010, Susan Lindee Jan 2010

Wenner-Gren Foundation Symposium Held In Teresópolis, Brazil, March 5-12, 2010, Susan Lindee

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.