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2016

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in European Languages and Societies

Saturnine Constellations: Melancholy In Literary History And In The Works Of Baudelaire And Benjamin, Kevin Godbout Oct 2016

Saturnine Constellations: Melancholy In Literary History And In The Works Of Baudelaire And Benjamin, Kevin Godbout

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Aristotle famously asked the question: why are extraordinary people so often melancholics? “Problem XXX,” written by Aristotle or one of his disciples, speculates that black bile, the humour once believed to cause melancholy, can promote a form of genius, a profound intellectual power. Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire are two writers for whom this theory was true: though they suffered from gloominess and despondency, they also recognized that in the interior of sadness, and even madness, is a kernel of aesthetic, artistic, and philosophical truth. Melencolia illa heroica – whose theory was authoritatively formulated by Ficino, taking after Aristotle’s Problems ...


Edwin Fischer And Bach Performance Practice Of The Weimar Republic, Bradley V. Brookshire Sep 2016

Edwin Fischer And Bach Performance Practice Of The Weimar Republic, Bradley V. Brookshire

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Edwin Fischer (1886-1960) provided a synthesis of approaches to Bach pianism that resolved dialectical tensions of long standing between schools that opposed one another throughout the nineteenth century. I argue that Fischer’s synthesis––which permits exegetical interpretation while maintaining a preservationist stance toward the integrity of the text––resembles both Felix Mendelssohn’s bifurcated approach to Bach’s music and Moses Mendelssohn’s description of a similar duality within modern Judaism. Such resemblance may not be coincidental or superficial, given that Fischer married into the Mendelssohn family at the height of its cultural influence in Weimar-Era Berlin. Although pieces ...


An Escape From Language Into Language: The Internal Exile Of Louis Wolfson, Antoine N. Rideau Sep 2016

An Escape From Language Into Language: The Internal Exile Of Louis Wolfson, Antoine N. Rideau

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper aims to show how the life and work of American francophone author Louis Wolfson - who suffered from schizophrenia and underwent a self-imposed exile from his own mother tongue - might serve to illuminate European émigré writers' relationships to multilingualism.


Bauer Statt Prinzessinnen: Das Volk Als Thema Und Seine Darstellung In Den Kinder- Und Hausmärchen, Rachel Lynne Schilling May 2016

Bauer Statt Prinzessinnen: Das Volk Als Thema Und Seine Darstellung In Den Kinder- Und Hausmärchen, Rachel Lynne Schilling

Student Honors Theses By Year

This research looks into the role and presentation of the “Volk” in the fairy tales of the Grimm Brothers. These fairy tales, first published in 1812, then revised, and republished 7 times until 1857, feature the attempts of the Grimm Brothers to collect and shape German folklore and literature during the influential literary moment of Romanticism. By drawing on philosophical and historical sources, this research works to define the German word “Volk” as the lower classes, which, at the time of the Grimm Brothers, was composed largely of farmers. This research therefore traces the Grimm Brother’s conception of the ...


Found In Translation: An Analysis Of Popular American Film In Spain, Emily Dushek May 2016

Found In Translation: An Analysis Of Popular American Film In Spain, Emily Dushek

Honors Projects

This research examines American popular film in Spain with the aim of understanding if and how removing a popular text (such as a film) from its original language and socio-cultural context and translating it for consumption in a different language and culture affects the interpretation of the film. The study delves into the very successful 2012 films The Avengers (Joss Whedon) and Django Unchained (Quentin Tarantino) and uses textual analyses and comparisons of the original English and the translated Castellano Spanish versions of the films, specifically focusing on the translations, as well as analyses of film reviews and critiques written ...


The Paris Attacks: Charlie Hebdo, November 2015, And Beyond, Hunter R. Pons May 2016

The Paris Attacks: Charlie Hebdo, November 2015, And Beyond, Hunter R. Pons

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Molded From Clay: The Portrayal Of Jews Through The Golem In Yudel Rosenberg’S The Golem And The Wondrous Deeds Of The Maharal Of Prague And Gustav Meyrink’S Der Golem, Reynolds Nelson Hahamovitch Apr 2016

Molded From Clay: The Portrayal Of Jews Through The Golem In Yudel Rosenberg’S The Golem And The Wondrous Deeds Of The Maharal Of Prague And Gustav Meyrink’S Der Golem, Reynolds Nelson Hahamovitch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines and compares Yudel Rosenberg’s The Golem and the Wondrous Deeds of the Maharal (1909) and Gustav Meyrink’s Der Golem (1915). These texts brought monumental changes to the Golem legend and brought the creature for the first time into popular modern literature. This thesis pays particular attention to how Rosenberg and Meyrink bind the Golem legend to the portrayal of the Jew in contemporary Jewish and non-Jewish discourses. I conclude my discussion of these two novels by examining them in light of the Finis Ghetto program, an urban renewal program which almost completely destroyed Prague’s ...


Literarische Zensur Als Meinungsbildung: Zensur In Der Bundesrepublik Und Die Entwicklung Einer Neuen Wahrnehmung Der Ehemaligen Ddr, Lauren M. Davidson Apr 2016

Literarische Zensur Als Meinungsbildung: Zensur In Der Bundesrepublik Und Die Entwicklung Einer Neuen Wahrnehmung Der Ehemaligen Ddr, Lauren M. Davidson

Senior Theses and Projects

Germany has a long history of literary censorship. Following the Second World War and the division of Germany into the Federal Republic of Germany in the West and the German Democratic Republic in the East, both states simultaneously decried censorship in their constitutions and proceeded to unofficially censor literature. A vast amount of research and attention has focused on the censorship program of the East German Ministry for Culture. Little attention, however, has been given to censorship in West Germany, despite its critical role in the development of a new cultural identity and perception of the former East Germany. This ...


Disparities In Moldovan Place-Identity A Product Of Systemic Stratification, Robyn Savacool Mar 2016

Disparities In Moldovan Place-Identity A Product Of Systemic Stratification, Robyn Savacool

Theses and Dissertations

Place-identity is a concept that examines the corresponding relationship between the self and space. Much work has been accomplished on this topic in environmental psychology and geography, but sociological research on this concept is scarce. This project employs reflexive participant photography, qualitative methods and an analytical framework derived from place-identity theory to research the affect of socioeconomic status on place-identity in the Republic of Moldova. Socioeconomic status consists of four sub-variables - parents's professions, formative loci and experience from formative loci - which further represent class-status and community-society constructs, respectively. These constructs were compared to assess the predominate variables in the ...


A Passage From Brooklyn To Ithaca: The Sea, The City And The Body In The Poetics Of Walt Whitman And C. P. Cavafy, Michael P. Skafidas Feb 2016

A Passage From Brooklyn To Ithaca: The Sea, The City And The Body In The Poetics Of Walt Whitman And C. P. Cavafy, Michael P. Skafidas

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This treatise is the first extensive comparative study of Walt Whitman and C. P. Cavafy. Despite the abundant scholarship dealing with the work and life of each, until now no critic has put the two poets together. Whitman’s poetry celebrates birth, youth, the self and the world as seen for the first time, while Cavafy’s diverts from the active present to resurrect a world whose key, in Eliot’s terms, is memory. Yet, I see the two poets conversing in the crossroads of the fin de siècle; the American Whitman and the Greek Cavafy embody the antithesis of ...


Creating With Anger: Contemplating Vendetta. An Analysis Of Anger In Italian And Spanish Women Writers Of The Early Modern Era, Luisanna Sardu Castangia Feb 2016

Creating With Anger: Contemplating Vendetta. An Analysis Of Anger In Italian And Spanish Women Writers Of The Early Modern Era, Luisanna Sardu Castangia

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the vast gamut of human emotions, anger is one of the most complex, provocative, and enduring. From Greek philosophers working in antiquity to today’s most recent theories on emotions, most scholars agree that anger has a multifaceted nature. This near universal agreement across the barriers of time and geography stems from the following facts: in order to exist, anger involves the participation of other emotions; anger does not have an opposite; anger leads an individual to engage in an act of self-analysis and in an evaluation of other individuals; and, finally, anger inspires action to right a wrong ...


Auschwitz Has Formal Consequences: Imre Kertész And "The Rule Of Metaphor", Jill Sullivan Jan 2016

Auschwitz Has Formal Consequences: Imre Kertész And "The Rule Of Metaphor", Jill Sullivan

Graduate Theses

This thesis undertakes a formal analysis of the work of Hungarian Holocaust survivor and Nobel Prize winner Imre Kertész. Looking at his four novels published in English, I argue that Kertész employs his experience in the concentration camps as a master metaphor for understanding contemporary society. Exploring the work of a variety of scholars, including linguist and philosopher Paul Ricoeur's treatise The Rule of Metaphor, I investigate how Kertész uses specific narrative strategies to create a new language commensurate with the ethical imperative to illuminate the meaning of existence in a post-Holocaust world.


Je (Ne) Suis (Pas) Charlie: Changing Perceptions Of Freedom Of The Pres In A Post Charlie Hebdo World, Alessandra Marcelle Marra Jan 2016

Je (Ne) Suis (Pas) Charlie: Changing Perceptions Of Freedom Of The Pres In A Post Charlie Hebdo World, Alessandra Marcelle Marra

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


Preaching Prosperity: Christian Missions To Jamaica In The Early To Mid-19th Century, Shalea Athene Del Villar Jan 2016

Preaching Prosperity: Christian Missions To Jamaica In The Early To Mid-19th Century, Shalea Athene Del Villar

Senior Projects Spring 2016

The Hampden Estate is one of the oldest sugar estates in Jamaica and to this day the rum that comes from its distilleries is still well known throughout Europe and the rest of the world. Perhaps a little more obscure is that circa 1824 a Presbyterian chapel was established on the estate. This event is unremarkable enough except that one may not expect to find that, although many of the mostly Scottish staff of the surrounding estates including overseers and bookeepers came, many were not able to find seats. This was because the enslaved of the plantation were occupying the ...


"Between Sunset And River": Nabokov's Bridge To The Otherworld, Jesse R. Weiss Jan 2016

"Between Sunset And River": Nabokov's Bridge To The Otherworld, Jesse R. Weiss

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


Janko Jesensky's The Democrats: Translation Form The Slovak With Commentary And Introduction, Rastislav Huba Jan 2016

Janko Jesensky's The Democrats: Translation Form The Slovak With Commentary And Introduction, Rastislav Huba

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


Spectral Liberalism: On The Subjects Of Political Economy In Moscow, Adam Leeds Jan 2016

Spectral Liberalism: On The Subjects Of Political Economy In Moscow, Adam Leeds

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The world since 1989 has appeared to many as the “end of history,” a uniform “neoliberalism” underpinned by abstract economic theories. This dissertation, based on two years of fieldwork in among the economists of Moscow (2010–2012), brings the tools of science studies to the social sciences, building on studies of the co-constitution of objects and rationalities of rule to take seriously the local lives of mathematical economics as culture. I offer an approach to the production of liberal political modernity through unpacking how economic knowledge contributes to assembling the object it claims to study—“the economy.” In creating disciplinary ...


Power, Sexuality, And The Masochistic Aesthetic From Sacher-Masoch To Kharms, Maya Vinokour Jan 2016

Power, Sexuality, And The Masochistic Aesthetic From Sacher-Masoch To Kharms, Maya Vinokour

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This project centers on what I call the “masochistic aesthetic,” which emerged as literature dovetailed with medicine and law in German-speaking Europe and Russia around 1900. I argue that incipient totalitarian societies instrumentalized art and literature to produce citizens who enthusiastically consented to painful social discipline — that is, political masochists. Masochistic narratives like Leopold von Sacher-Masoch’s Venus in Furs (1870), Anton Chekhov’s The Duel (1891), or Andrei Platonov’s Happy Moscow (1933-6) reflect the ethnographic attention to borderlands, regulation of the body, and indefinite delay of pleasure inherent in the imperial or totalitarian settings that engendered them. After ...


Factors Associated With Harm Reduction Model Use Among Substance Abuse Counselors, Tiffany Madden Jan 2016

Factors Associated With Harm Reduction Model Use Among Substance Abuse Counselors, Tiffany Madden

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Drug overdose death rates in the United States have more than tripled since 1990 with more than 36,000 dying in 2008. In 2007 the estimated cost of drug use to U.S. society due to lost productivity, increased health care, and criminal justice costs was over $193 billion. Previous researchers have found that harm reduction is a viable treatment option within the field of addiction. The guiding premise in the harm reduction approach is that all people can achieve improved psychological and physiological health even if they are unable to be substance-free. However, there remains an important gap in ...


La France Et Le Plurilinguisme: Deux Opposés Qui S'Attirent? Une Étude De L'Enseignement Et De L'Apprentissage Des Langues Étrangères En France., Rachel L. Lorch Jan 2016

La France Et Le Plurilinguisme: Deux Opposés Qui S'Attirent? Une Étude De L'Enseignement Et De L'Apprentissage Des Langues Étrangères En France., Rachel L. Lorch

Senior Independent Study Theses

Dans un monde si interconnecté que le nôtre, la capacité de bien communiquer et d’échanger de l’information avec des autres devient indispensable. Ainsi, le rôle des langues étrangères dans une variété de sociétés représente un sujet très pertinent. Cette étude se focalise sur l’enseignement et apprentissage des langues étrangères en France. Je voulais savoir si les Français sont vraiment en retard en ce qui concerne l’apprentissage des langues étrangères, surtout en comparaison avec les autres pays d’Europe. Pour répondre à cette question, j’analyse l’histoire de la politique linguistique en France, une variété de ...