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Full-Text Articles in European Languages and Societies

Gottfried Keller And The Fictionalization Of Switzerland, Richard Hacken Feb 2019

Gottfried Keller And The Fictionalization Of Switzerland, Richard Hacken

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The Swiss author Gottfried Keller (1819-1890) was a major figure within the late nineteenth-century German-language literary movement known as "Poetic Reali sm" ("Poetischer Realismus") . The very name of the movement suggested that " Poetic Reali sts" had retouched or revi sed reality by "poetici zing" it. Keller 's arti stic technique , which was influential on other writers of his time, transmuted outwardly observable actuality aga in and again into poetically coherent inner realities .1 This article explores how and why Keller found it artistically and socially beneficial to turn the factual contours of the Swiss Confederation essenti ally in side out-from ...


Katharina Morgan-Schmid From Schuepfheim: El Paso, Texas, 1918 Presumed Spy Affair, Frederick Schmid Feb 2019

Katharina Morgan-Schmid From Schuepfheim: El Paso, Texas, 1918 Presumed Spy Affair, Frederick Schmid

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In 1918, a female from Entlebuch, Switzerland who had already been living abroad for several years, including time in the USA,ended her journey with a trip in the United States. She had intended to return to her homeland, Switzerland , start a family, and write a book about the fascinating continent of North America.


The Germans And Swiss At The Battle Of The Little Bighorn 1876, Albert Winkler Nov 2018

The Germans And Swiss At The Battle Of The Little Bighorn 1876, Albert Winkler

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The purpose of this study is to examine the Germans and the Swiss who participated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn to understand who they were, to assess their motives for joining the cavalry, and to appraise their experience in battle .


Mapping The State: Cartographic Representations Of Switzerland, 1530-1865, James T. Lindberg Jun 2018

Mapping The State: Cartographic Representations Of Switzerland, 1530-1865, James T. Lindberg

Swiss American Historical Society Review

T his paper di scusses the relationship between cartography and the emergence of the Swiss state between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. Maps are read as texts through an analysis of their visual components and contextualized within broader historical events. Each map illustrates a stage in the developing relationship between political ideas about Swiss territory and the representation of these ideas cartographically. Once space is represented as belonging to a specific polity, that space is 'territorialized' and becomes part of a perceived whole. Borders and related concepts such as ' boundary ' and 'frontier ' are central to this relationship between represented space ...


Book Review: The Gilded Chalet: Off-Piste In Literary Switzerland, Christopher Cumo Jun 2018

Book Review: The Gilded Chalet: Off-Piste In Literary Switzerland, Christopher Cumo

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


William Tell Award And Its Recipients, C. Naseer Ahmad Jun 2018

William Tell Award And Its Recipients, C. Naseer Ahmad

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The legend of William (also referred as Wilhelm) Tell evokes the image of courage, skill and perseverance. Step into any public library and ask for something on William Tell and you are likely to find perhaps more than one book.


The Psychological Odyssey Of 1909: Carl Gustav Jung's Pivotal Encounter With Sigmund Freud During Their Journey To America, William E. Herman, Axel Fair-Schulz Jun 2018

The Psychological Odyssey Of 1909: Carl Gustav Jung's Pivotal Encounter With Sigmund Freud During Their Journey To America, William E. Herman, Axel Fair-Schulz

Swiss American Historical Society Review

M any volumes in the scholarly literature explore the complex evolution of the relationship between Carl Gustav Jung and Sigmund Freud as well as the eventual split between these two influential contributors to psychoanalytic thought and more generally to the field of psychology and other academic fields/professions. The events that transpired during the seven-week journey from Europe to America and back in the autumn of 1909 would serve as a catalyst to not only re-direct the lives of Jung and Freud along different paths , but also re-shape the roadmap of psychoanalytic thinking, clinical applications, and psychology. The 1909 visit ...


The Poet Jan Rainis During Swiss Exile, 1906-1920: Internationalism, Nationalism, And The Meaning Of ''A Free Latvia In A Free Russia'', Bryan K. Herman Jun 2018

The Poet Jan Rainis During Swiss Exile, 1906-1920: Internationalism, Nationalism, And The Meaning Of ''A Free Latvia In A Free Russia'', Bryan K. Herman

Swiss American Historical Society Review

T his opening quote appears in the 1949 Stalinist fi lm Rainis, one of several biographical films of cu ltural and scientific figures from the early years of the Cold War. The quote comes at the end of the film , just as Rainis prepares to leave his native Latvia and live under an assumed identity in Switzerland. The scene expresses the tensions of a writer from a relatively small nationality heading to an unknown land . However, instead of finding a strange and unfami liar land, the historic Rainis (Janis Plieksans, I 865-1929) fe lt welcomed and at home among the ...


Book Review: Mission Sitting Bull: The Cultural Conquest Of The Sioux And Their Varied Response, S. Marianne Burkhard Osb Jcl Jun 2018

Book Review: Mission Sitting Bull: The Cultural Conquest Of The Sioux And Their Varied Response, S. Marianne Burkhard Osb Jcl

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Bank Shot: Swiss Banks And Swiss National Character In Daniel Silva's Mossad Spy Novel The English Assassin, Brian Champion Feb 2018

Bank Shot: Swiss Banks And Swiss National Character In Daniel Silva's Mossad Spy Novel The English Assassin, Brian Champion

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The American novelist Daniel Silva examines Switzerland, Swiss banks and the Swiss national character in his Israeli spy novel , The English Assassin, because the state of Israel , and by extension, all Jews, face a perpetual existential threat. A major force in the international thriller literature, Silva has written seventeen novels using Gabriel Allon , an assassin for Israel 's civilian intelligence service called Mossad, as a microscope through which various dimensions of Israel's existential threat are examined.


There Was Silence After Dawn: The Sinking Of The Wilhelm Gust/Off And Its Disappearance From History, Maren Johnson Feb 2018

There Was Silence After Dawn: The Sinking Of The Wilhelm Gust/Off And Its Disappearance From History, Maren Johnson

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Death was lurking beneath the surface of the sea in the form of a Soviet submarine which was slipping through the waves of the Baltic Sea . The men on the deck of the vessel glimpsed the lights of an ocean liner sliding across the icy water. The temperature of the water was be low freezing with snow falling, and the radar on the ocean liner was so cold it did not function .


Gottfried Egger And Johann Riitschi: Two Reports Of Swiss Emigrants Returning From The United States, Fabian Brandle Nov 2017

Gottfried Egger And Johann Riitschi: Two Reports Of Swiss Emigrants Returning From The United States, Fabian Brandle

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In his most recent , global history oriented study Jochem Oltmer, the noted German historian of migration concisely summarizes reasons for an actual migration. 1 Poverty was blocking social mobility, and generally absent life prospects or hoped for religious or political liberties in the destination country may also have been involved ; but there were always personal, biographical motives at play in the decision to change one's position for a time or for good and to risk a new and generally difficult start somewhere else . Individual circumstances such as the breakup of a relationship, piled up debts, conflicts with parents , or ...


A Swiss Artist, An Iconic American General And An Ambitious Federal Councilor, David Vogelsanger Nov 2017

A Swiss Artist, An Iconic American General And An Ambitious Federal Councilor, David Vogelsanger

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Lexington, October 22, 1869. A man boards a canal boat returning from the small Virginia town to a known world , Washington D.C., New York and eventually home to Switzerland . In his luggage he carries a large oil portrait sti ll smelling of fresh paint. Frank Buchser has just finished one of his best paintings, lived some of the most remarkable four weeks of his adventurous live and experienced a kind of political conversion .


The Gotthard Base Tunnel In A Historical Perspective, C. Naseer Ahmad Jun 2017

The Gotthard Base Tunnel In A Historical Perspective, C. Naseer Ahmad

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The Gotthard Base Tunnel project which had a triumphant opening in June 2016 was one of the once in a century projects which deserved a fitting celebration. Alastair Jamieson, NBC reporter, noted that "yodeling and a triumphant Alpine horn heralded the inauguration Wednesday of the longest, deepest railway tunnel ever constructed-a feat of engineering that will slash journey times across Europe."


From The Swiss Protestant Reformation To The Golden Age Of Political Theory In The Geneva Of Voltaire: The Birth Of Modern Democracy, Dwight Page Jun 2017

From The Swiss Protestant Reformation To The Golden Age Of Political Theory In The Geneva Of Voltaire: The Birth Of Modern Democracy, Dwight Page

Swiss American Historical Society Review

On October 31 st , 1517 Martin Luther posted 95 theses on the door of the Palast Church in Wittenberg, Germany, thereby igniting the Protestant Reformation . In 1518, Huldrych Zwingli became the pastor of the Grossmtinster in Zurich where he began to preach ideas on reforming the Catholic Church, rejecting the veneration of saints and questioning the power of excommunication.


"The Clamor Of The People" Popular Support For The Persecution Of Jews In Switzerland And Germany At The Approach Of The Black Death, 1348-50, Albert Winkler Jun 2017

"The Clamor Of The People" Popular Support For The Persecution Of Jews In Switzerland And Germany At The Approach Of The Black Death, 1348-50, Albert Winkler

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The persecution of Jews in the German Empire and Switzerland from 1348 to 1350 at the approach of the Black Death was one of the most shameful examples of brutality against those people in European history before the twentieth century. Das Martyrologium des Nurnberger Memorbuches presents the names of at least 339 cities, towns, and villages in Germany and Switzerland where Jews were oppressed at that time, and the Jewish communities in many scores of cities and towns were eradicated. Many of the victims were tortured and burned alive.


A Chasm Between Two Vanguards: Near Encounters Of Russian Emigre Marxists And Dadaism In Switzerland, Bryan K. Herman, Axel Fair-Schulz Feb 2017

A Chasm Between Two Vanguards: Near Encounters Of Russian Emigre Marxists And Dadaism In Switzerland, Bryan K. Herman, Axel Fair-Schulz

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In the year 1916, Switzerland was an island of peace in a sea of belligerence. Surrounded by Germany, France, and Italy, Switzerland was one of the few European counties to maintain its neutrality during the war that transformed Europe into a graveyard. It also became an ideal sanctuary for those who opposed the brutality and strident nationalism of World War I. Ever since the defeat of the 1905 Revolution in Russia, Switzerland had acted as an ideal place of refuge for members of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (the RSDLP, a Marxist party founded in 1898). This party sought ...


Privilege As Blind Spot: Carl Jung, The Red Book, And The"Collective Unconscious", Laura L. M. Fair-Schulz, William E. Herman Feb 2017

Privilege As Blind Spot: Carl Jung, The Red Book, And The"Collective Unconscious", Laura L. M. Fair-Schulz, William E. Herman

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Carl Gustav Jung's monumental Liber Novus or The Red Book journal, begun in 1914 and published posthumously in 2009, presents the viewer with a dazzling array of painted images. 1 The project references both his accumulated and specialized knowledge as a theorist and practitioner of psychoanalysis, as well as the personal explorations of his own "subconscious" mind . It also reveals contextually his privilege of being able to undertake such a work.


Zurich And The Birth Of French Surrealism, Dwight Page Feb 2017

Zurich And The Birth Of French Surrealism, Dwight Page

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Paris has long been regarded as the artistic and literary capital of the world. Yet little known is the historical fact that Zurich played an equally fundamental and key role in the development of modern art, the birth of the avant-garde in literature and the arts, and the advent of French Surrealism.


Book Review: Colonial Switzerland: Rethinking Colonialism From The Margins, Katie Bruton Feb 2017

Book Review: Colonial Switzerland: Rethinking Colonialism From The Margins, Katie Bruton

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


"Einsiedeln Elsewhere": Searching For A Swiss Village In The American City Of Louisville, Kentucky, Susann Bosshard-Kalin Nov 2016

"Einsiedeln Elsewhere": Searching For A Swiss Village In The American City Of Louisville, Kentucky, Susann Bosshard-Kalin

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Louisville on the Ohio, a mid-sized city in Midwest United States , is known to many because of the Kentucky Derby-the horse race rich in tradition happening since 1901 every year, or perhaps because of Bourbon. What has Louisville to do with a village in the midst of Switzerland?


Einsiedeln On The Ohio Overseas Migrations Of Einsiedeln People To The United States In The 19th And Early 20th Centuries, Heinz Nauer Nov 2016

Einsiedeln On The Ohio Overseas Migrations Of Einsiedeln People To The United States In The 19th And Early 20th Centuries, Heinz Nauer

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Between 1850 and 1950, more than 3,000 men and women from Einsiedeln went overseas, most of them to the United States. It was not unique since many people also migrated from other regions of Switzerland, and the total migrations of Swiss overseas during that time represented only a very small fraction of the global movement of people in three main directions: from Europe to the Western Hemisphere, from India and southern China to Southeast Asia, and from Russia to the Far East. 1 Despite not being out of the ordinary, it seems useful to explore the history of overseas ...


Chronology Of The Multimedia Project "Einsiedeln Elsewhere" June Presence Of A Swiss Town In The American City Of Louisville, Kentucky Nov 2016

Chronology Of The Multimedia Project "Einsiedeln Elsewhere" June Presence Of A Swiss Town In The American City Of Louisville, Kentucky

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Susann Bosshard-Kalin visits St. Meinrad , Indiana, in 2006 on a journalistic assignment for the Neue Zurcher Zeitung and encounters eight descendants of Einsiedeln immigrants to Louisville, Kentucky. Susann Bosshard-Kalin plans to explore the experience of living Swiss immigrants and publishes the books westward. Encounters with Swiss American Women (Swiss American Historical Society, 2010), an English translation by Marianne Burkhard and Leo Schelbert of westwiirts. Begegnungen mit Amerika-Schweizerinnen (Bern/Wettingen: efef Verlag 2009, 2nd edition 2010).


Of Mothers, Daughters, And Growing Up The Changing Ties Between The Monastery Einsiedeln And St. Meinrad Since 1850, Fr. Thomas Fassler Osb Nov 2016

Of Mothers, Daughters, And Growing Up The Changing Ties Between The Monastery Einsiedeln And St. Meinrad Since 1850, Fr. Thomas Fassler Osb

Swiss American Historical Society Review

A number of factors in the mid-nineteenth century led the Benedictine monks of Einsiedeln, situated in the Swiss pre-alpine region south of Lake Zurich, to establish a daughter house faraway in the United States. The repeated urging from Catholic bishops plus the eagerness to evangelize new areas, the great need for priests to serve German-speaking Catholic immigrants, and perhaps also a certain search for adventure, all were additional reasons.


Carl Jung's Historic Place In Psychology And Continuing Influence In Narrative Studies And American Popular Culture, Emily S. Darowski, Joseph J. Darowski Jun 2016

Carl Jung's Historic Place In Psychology And Continuing Influence In Narrative Studies And American Popular Culture, Emily S. Darowski, Joseph J. Darowski

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Cart Gustav Jung was a Swiss-born psychiatrist who lived from the late nineteenth century well into the twentieth century. He founded the analytical psychology movement and is known for ideas such as the collective unconscious, archetypes, and one of the first conceptions of introversion and extraversion. The following paper explores Jung's influence on the field of psychology and other disciplines, postulating that his more lasting, but subtle influence exists outside his chosen field. This topic for exploration developed out of conversations between the two authors, one with an educational background in cognitive psychology, the other in American Studies. We ...


Neutral Ground: Switzerland And Some British Poets Of The Great War, Robert S. Means Jun 2016

Neutral Ground: Switzerland And Some British Poets Of The Great War, Robert S. Means

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Over the years, Switzerland has been a safe-haven for artists seeking refuge from war. Situated at the center of Europe, possessing great wealth and natural beauty, and surrounded as she is by potential enemies , Switzerland has long been unique in maintaining her neutrality, especially through the two world wars of the Twentieth Century. Other neutral countries have not been so successful enforcing their neutrality. Recall the fate of Belgium and Luxembourg in both world wars: the invasion and violation of these neutrals was a central part of German strategy. But in the two world wars of the Twentieth Century, Switzerland ...


How Louisa May Alcott's 1870 Visit To Switzerland Helped Her Become A "Literary Lion", Megan Armknecht Jun 2016

How Louisa May Alcott's 1870 Visit To Switzerland Helped Her Become A "Literary Lion", Megan Armknecht

Swiss American Historical Society Review

On April 2, 1870, Louisa May Alcott-the author of Little Women-embarked on a European grand tour with her sister, May Alcott, and her friend Alice Bartlett. The women's travels took them to France , Switzerland, Italy, Germany, and England. This grand tour was meant to give Louisa, who was riding on the heels of Little Women's success, a reprieve to regain her health. Her father, Bronson Alcott, wrote to a friend three days before their departure: "I wish Louisa were in better health and spirits, but am consoled in the hope that she is under weigh [sic] to find ...


Remembering Albert Bartholdi Passaic's Swissamerican Historian, Edward A. Smyk Feb 2016

Remembering Albert Bartholdi Passaic's Swissamerican Historian, Edward A. Smyk

Swiss American Historical Society Review

For most travelers, Switzerland conjures spectacular images of the snow-clad Alps; a place where rugged, commanding vistas coexist with an abundance of pure mountain air, exhilarating in its alluring crispness. Yet there is more to the story than picturesque scenery and quaint villages, which time seems to forget. The Swiss are a proud people , who through the intervening centuries, generation after generation, carefully nourished and guarded their love of freedom and independence. This sturdiness of mind and intellect was transplanted to America with the early Swiss settlers. They came and prospered, achieving distinction in numerous fields of endeavor.


Operation Sunrise: America's Oss, Swiss Intelligence, And The German Surrender 1945, Stephen P. Halbrook Feb 2016

Operation Sunrise: America's Oss, Swiss Intelligence, And The German Surrender 1945, Stephen P. Halbrook

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Operation Sunrise was a cooperative effort of American and Swiss intelligence services which led to the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht forces in Northern Italy and Western Austria on May 2, 1945. General Heinrich von Yietinghoff, Commander-inChief of the Southwest Command and of Army Group C, surrendered nearly a million soldiers, the strongest remaining German force. This was the first great surrender of German forces to the Allies, and became a strong impetus for the final Allied victory over Nazi Germany on May 8, Victory in Europe (YE) Day. Operation Sunrise helped to nip in the bud Nazi aspirations ...


The Love Story Behind The 1846 Swiss Colony In St. Clara, West Virginia, Marsha R. Robinson Feb 2016

The Love Story Behind The 1846 Swiss Colony In St. Clara, West Virginia, Marsha R. Robinson

Swiss American Historical Society Review

There are some stories that we want to believe . This is the story and history of Clara J. Levassor, of two Frenchmen who loved her, and of the Swiss colony around the town of St. Clara, Doddridge County, West Virginia. The story begins in the French Revolution .