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Social and Cultural Anthropology

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Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock Aug 2019

Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things, Sarah Adcock

Graduate School of Art Theses

I view my creative process as alchemy, the transformation of materials through experimentation. I use wax as a material that transcends its historical use as a sculptural process for casting and instead, use it for its transmutable qualities to inform content. Because of its plasticity and duality as fragile and resilient, wax is symbolically submissive and assertive. By applying heat, wax can be molded and formed into new shapes. Once it cools, wax reverts back to its natural state; solid and impermeable. I use objects to explore desires of origin and life. Transitional objects, the first “me not me” possession ...


Cultural Heritage Preservation In The Context Of Climate Change Adaptation Or Relocation: Barbuda As A Case Study, Martha B. Lerski May 2019

Cultural Heritage Preservation In The Context Of Climate Change Adaptation Or Relocation: Barbuda As A Case Study, Martha B. Lerski

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This case study introduces an arts camp methodology of engaging communities in identifying their key cultural heritage features, thus serving as a meta study. It presents original research based on field studies on the climate-vulnerable Caribbean island of Barbuda during 2017 and 2018. Its Valued Cultural Elements survey, enabling precise identification of key tangible and intangible art forms and biocultural practices, may serve as a basis for further studies. Such approaches may facilitate future research or planning as climate-vulnerable communities harness Local or Indigenous Knowledge for purposes of biocultural heritage preservation, or towards adaptation or relocation. I report on findings ...


“After-Ozymandias”: The Colonization Of Symbols And The American Monument, H. R. Membreno-Canales May 2018

“After-Ozymandias”: The Colonization Of Symbols And The American Monument, H. R. Membreno-Canales

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

After-Ozymandias examines the visual rhetoric of American patriotism through its many symbols, including flags and monuments. My thesis project consists of photographs of empty plinths, objects, products and archival materials. Countless relics remain today memorializing leaders and empires that inevitably declined, from antiquity to modern times. Looking back at distant history feels like a luxury, though: the question for our time in America is whether we have the strength of mind as a society to scrutinize our history, warts and all.


For Wintonbury: An Expansion Of Narrative And Painting, Cassaundra Kayla Sanderson May 2018

For Wintonbury: An Expansion Of Narrative And Painting, Cassaundra Kayla Sanderson

Theses and Dissertations

In March 2017, I began planning the narratives of what would become my Thesis Exhibition. One year later marked my installation of the exhibit: For Wintonbury, located at the Fine Art Center Gallery at the University of Arkansas.

A merging of the visual arts and literary fiction, For Wintonbury offers a more immersive experience in storytelling. The painted scenes, drawings, three-dimensional compositions, and short stories each serve their own purposes in presenting partial glimpses into the longer narratives of Wintonbury. Through multiple media and entry points, the viewer is given the choice in which sequence and manner to take in ...


Place Accumulation: Kingston/Ulster, Callan F. Fish Jan 2018

Place Accumulation: Kingston/Ulster, Callan F. Fish

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Since February 2018, I’ve been listening and recording around Kingston and the town of Ulster; synthesizing interviews, bird song, passing cars, protests, conflict, unique perspectives and oral histories, meetings, optimisms, water, as part of a project called, Place Accumulation: Kingston/Ulster. Using the Dynamic Listening Instrument, an interactive sound sculpture which uses a venn-diagram of electromagnetic fields to allow sounds to be handled as a tactile entity and bended dynamically, sounds are arranged and dispersed back into different locations and events in Kingston. Using a sounding bucket, people in Kingston can listen in, re-arrange, explore, and play with sounds ...


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


What The Walls Say: Finding Meaning And Value In Tel Aviv’S Street Art, Rachel R. Bird Jan 2018

What The Walls Say: Finding Meaning And Value In Tel Aviv’S Street Art, Rachel R. Bird

Honors Theses

This thesis explores street art in Tel Aviv, Israel through anthropological concepts of value. By defining street art as an interstitial practice—one that exists between permeable, socially defined boundaries and is characterized differently by different power structures—I attempt to define some of the different regimes of value that apply to street art. Using the emerging market of “street art tours” as a fieldwork site, I look at how street art is presented and re-presented to both tourists and locals. By situating my research in a historical and geographic context, I hope to understand the ways different value schema ...


Consuming Digital Debris In The Plasticene, Stephen R. Parks Jan 2018

Consuming Digital Debris In The Plasticene, Stephen R. Parks

Theses and Dissertations

Claims of customization and control by socio-technical industries are altering the role of consumer and producer. These narratives are often misleading attempts to engage consumers with new forms of technology. By addressing capitalist intent, material, and the reproduction limits of 3-D printed objects’, I observe the aspirational promise of becoming a producer of my own belongings through new networks of production. I am interested in gaining a better understanding of the data consumed that perpetuates hyper-consumptive tendencies for new technological apparatuses. My role as a designer focuses on the resolution of not only the surface of the object through 3-D ...


Leftist Militant Songs And War Of Position In Lebanon (1975-1977), Mohamad J. Hodeib Sep 2017

Leftist Militant Songs And War Of Position In Lebanon (1975-1977), Mohamad J. Hodeib

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This essay looks at the emergence of a generation of leftist militant songwriters against the backdrop of a revolutionary moment that influenced political and cultural landscapes in Beirut during the 1970s. After the Arab military defeat against Israel in 1967, the conjuncture of the Lebanese and Palestinian revolutionary movements in Lebanon fostered a revolutionary moment that manifested itself on different levels, including art and cultural expression. I look at the development of leftist militant songs, a genre, attitude, and approach to song production and performance that came to be at the intersection of radical theatre, poetry, and music. Productions by ...


Cat Metamorfosis: Becoming Animal And The Freedom Of Non-Identity, Hannah Becker May 2017

Cat Metamorfosis: Becoming Animal And The Freedom Of Non-Identity, Hannah Becker

Bachelor of Fine Arts Senior Papers

A large number of modern and contemporary female artists have employed the state of becoming to either free themselves of or challenge the social norms that come with being a woman. Kara Walker frees the Mammy of her expectation by combining her with a sphinx in her monumental sugar sculpture, A Subtlety. The Guerilla Girls have an impenetrable and unidentifiable voice when they speak from behind gorilla masks. Lucy Gunning’s The Horse Impressionists depicts women mimicking the behavior of horses to lose their human consciousness, and more specifically, female identity. Looking beyond the art world and into recent consumerist ...


Look At Where You Listen: A Study Of Commercial Music And Mediation, Thomas Walton Moore Jan 2017

Look At Where You Listen: A Study Of Commercial Music And Mediation, Thomas Walton Moore

Senior Projects Spring 2017

A joint senior project submitted to the divisions of arts and social studies. This project aims to reconsider the 'album' as a format of music distribution that has effects on the consumption-of and relationship-with music as commodity. This project consists of writing and recorded-music-making. Please email tom (at) dpimusic (dot) com for a link.


Northwest Coast Native American Art: The Relationship Between Museums, Native Americans And Artists, Karrie E. Myers Aug 2016

Northwest Coast Native American Art: The Relationship Between Museums, Native Americans And Artists, Karrie E. Myers

Museum Studies Theses

Museums today have many responsibilities, including protecting and understanding objects in their care. Many also have relationships with groups of people whose items or artworks are housed within their institutions. This paper explores the relationship between museums and Northwest Coast Native Americans and their artists. Participating museums include those in and out of the Northwest Coast region, such as the Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia, the Burke Museum, the Royal British Columbia Museum, the American Museum of Natural History and the Smithsonian Museum. Museum professionals who conducted research for some of these museums included Franz Boas ...


Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes Jan 2016

Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Graphic design has long been considered a profession for people interested in creating glossy magazines, posters, and other ephemera. Can graphic design do more for society? Through analysis of social design, wicked problems, and gift economies, this study aims to begin to understand graphic design as a method to bridge societal gaps. This study uses principles of social design, behavior change theory, and immersive community research to experiment within the local communities of Ames and Des Moines, Iowa. Several experimental methods are explored, such as the use of design to create pockets of kind acts through a pseudo-gift economy, and ...


The Future Of Arabic Music: No Sound Without Silence, Nesma Magdy Khodier Vcuq Jan 2016

The Future Of Arabic Music: No Sound Without Silence, Nesma Magdy Khodier Vcuq

Theses and Dissertations

For centuries, Arabic music has been intrinsically linked to Arab culture and by extension bonded to the environmental landscape of the region, reflecting their emotions, moods, and behaviors. Numerous technological advancements in the latter half of the twentieth century, have greatly affected the rich legacy of Arabic music, significantly impacting the natural progression of traditional Arabic musical genres, scales, and instrumentation.

This thesis serves as an introduction to generative methods of music production, specifically music generated through gestures. Through generative music, and its unique ability to map gestures to different musical parameters, music can be produced using computer algorithms.

The ...


Pressing: Where The Objective Meets The Subjective, Mariana Parisca May 2015

Pressing: Where The Objective Meets The Subjective, Mariana Parisca

Undergraduate Theses—Unrestricted

Through this essay I describe the theoretical and anthropological ideas that led to the creation of the Cushing Series. An interest in the obsession with photography in popular culture leads to an understanding of the permeation of structured reasoning beyond scientific research and into everyday life. Taking evidence from photography, and philosophy of science I establish the limitations of structured reasoning, both as a way of perceiving the world and as an understanding of identity, and define surface and frame as its physical representation. Using Sartre’s existential theory and phenomenological anthropology I then describe the infinite subjective existence of ...


Walls Have Ears But They Also Speak –A Comparative Study Of Two Playgrounds, Anna Hirson-Sagalyn Jan 2015

Walls Have Ears But They Also Speak –A Comparative Study Of Two Playgrounds, Anna Hirson-Sagalyn

Senior Projects Spring 2015

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Arts of Bard College.


Scribblescholar Was Here: Confessional Notes Of A Vandal Academic, Clay Shields Jan 2015

Scribblescholar Was Here: Confessional Notes Of A Vandal Academic, Clay Shields

Theses and Dissertations--English

As a (former) vandal-punk in the academy, I often fear succumbing to Ivory Tower Stockholm syndrome. The identities I perform, vandal-punk and scholar, ideologically clash to the point that they often feel irreconcilable. By codemeshing the high-low discourses associated with these adopted cultures, I attempt to disrupt any hierarchal privileging of either, instead searching for a way to live with and harness both.


Why Am I Buying Another Black Dress?: An Anthropological Perspective Into The World Of Fashion, Ava Carnevale Jun 2014

Why Am I Buying Another Black Dress?: An Anthropological Perspective Into The World Of Fashion, Ava Carnevale

Honors Theses

This thesis explores how the world of fashion permeates all facets of human life, including social success, individual identity and self-acceptance. The fashion decisions we make each day are, indeed, personal decisions that we use to express ourselves and convey our story to society, however the cultures, people, and society that surround us are what intrinsically make these choices for us. Through extensive research in New York City and at Union College, evidence proves that persons are influenced by their surroundings, including media and friend groups, which ultimately establish his or her wardrobes and his or her level of social ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Pamunkey Pottery And Cultural Persistence, Ashley Atkins Jan 2009

Pamunkey Pottery And Cultural Persistence, Ashley Atkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd Jan 2007

Carnaval In Brazil, Samba Schools And African Culture: A Study Of Samba Schools Through Their African Heritage, Marlene Lima Hufferd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of my thesis was to research the preservation of African Heritage in the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro and the subsequent modernization of these Samba Schools and their entry into the world scene through globalization. Through these processes, Samba Schools are being recognized as a cultural product for export, and are receiving national and transnational sponsorships for whoever wants to display their image around the world. The paper also presents Carnaval as a festival related to religion, ethnicity and politics. In addition, this research shows the persistence of black Brazilians in preserving their heritage in their music ...


Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn Jan 2004

Restoring Navajo-Churro Sheep: Community-Based Influences On A Traditional Navajo Fiber Resource And Textile , Susan Marie Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Factors that contribute to artisan sustainability are of critical importance to the world's artisans who depend on hand-produced textiles for income and livelihood, and for whom textile production is closely intertwined with cultural identity. Navajo weavers have processed and woven the wool of Navajo-Churro sheep into textiles for more than 350 years. Navajo-Churro sheep, destroyed to reduce over grazing and crossbred to near extinction, are being restored to the Navajo Nation. The purpose of this study is to document and interpret ways that the community-based Navajo organization Dine be' iina (The Navajo Lifeway, or DBI) influences the restoration of ...


All Sorts Of China Ware Large, Noble And Rich Chinese Bowls: Eighteenth-Century Chinese Export Porcelain In Virginia, David Andrew Madsen Jan 1995

All Sorts Of China Ware Large, Noble And Rich Chinese Bowls: Eighteenth-Century Chinese Export Porcelain In Virginia, David Andrew Madsen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


African-American Influence On The Chesapeake Bay Log Canoe: Evidence From Nineteenth Century Probate Inventories And Population Census Records Of York County, Virginia And Worcester County, Maryland, Albert James M. Mamary Jan 1994

African-American Influence On The Chesapeake Bay Log Canoe: Evidence From Nineteenth Century Probate Inventories And Population Census Records Of York County, Virginia And Worcester County, Maryland, Albert James M. Mamary

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Delftware Chronology: A New Approach To Dating English Tin-Glazed Ceramics, Ellen Shlasko Jan 1989

Delftware Chronology: A New Approach To Dating English Tin-Glazed Ceramics, Ellen Shlasko

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Profiles Of Successful Textile Handcraft Entrepreneurs In Teotitlán Del Valle, Oaxaca, México , Cheryl Ann Popelka Jan 1989

Profiles Of Successful Textile Handcraft Entrepreneurs In Teotitlán Del Valle, Oaxaca, México , Cheryl Ann Popelka

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In Oaxaca, Mexico, some Indian villages have long established textile production traditions. Originally, craftpersons wove textiles, known as sarapes, for use within their own community or for trade at nearby indigenous markets. These textiles retained their local appeal until they were replaced by commercially produced items. To survive in a changing world, the producers turned to production for tourist and export markets;The purpose of the research was to provide a multifaceted approach to the study of the textile handcraft market system of Teotitlan del Valle. The handcraft market is a social system formed by the interactions among producers, vendors ...


A Structural And Functional Analysis Of Eighteenth Century Buttons, Stephen Hinks Jan 1988

A Structural And Functional Analysis Of Eighteenth Century Buttons, Stephen Hinks

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Ceramics From The Franklin Glassworks: Acquisition Patterns And Economic Stress, Meredith Campbell Moodey Jan 1988

Ceramics From The Franklin Glassworks: Acquisition Patterns And Economic Stress, Meredith Campbell Moodey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Identification And Distribution Of The Ceramic Types In The Rio Puerco Area, Central New Mexico, Dorothy Louise Luhrs Jun 1937

The Identification And Distribution Of The Ceramic Types In The Rio Puerco Area, Central New Mexico, Dorothy Louise Luhrs

Anthropology ETDs

The Rio Puerco valley of the East has had a small proportion of human occupants with recent years and by the ceramic evidence available it is supposed that there was a small number of occupants living in the valley in prehistoric times. The earliest inhabitants probably entered the valley prior to channel trenching and surface denudation and possibly maintained small fields through flood water farming.

The ceramic evidence implies that there have been frequent group movements through the Rio Puerco area, thereby revealing the valley to be a migration route through which many different groups passed from early to late ...