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1990

Portland State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Viking 1990, Portland State University Jan 1990

Viking 1990, Portland State University

The Viking (Yearbooks)

Portland State University 1990 yearbook


Neoplatonic Influences In Augustine's Confessions, Shon H. Kraley Jan 1990

Neoplatonic Influences In Augustine's Confessions, Shon H. Kraley

Anthós (1990-1996)

Augustine wrote the Confession at a time when Christianity was still a small religion mostly populated with peasants and lower-class individuals. This paper argues that he actively utilized Neoplatonic philosophies and ideas in order to give credibility to his Christian doctrine. By doing so he accomplished the goal of expanding Christianity and appealing to the Intellegentsia.


Creative Suffering: The Theme Of Mediation In Pascal's Pensées, Kathleen Merrow Jan 1990

Creative Suffering: The Theme Of Mediation In Pascal's Pensées, Kathleen Merrow

Anthós (1990-1996)

The idea of mediation runs through Pascal’s Pensées and is an important part of his contribution to western thought. This paper traces the concept of mediation through the theme of creative suffering and the figure of Christ in Pensées. In addition, Pascal’s particular concept of mediation can be found as a supporting concept to the philosophies of such diverse early 20th century figures as Poincare, Blondel, and Bergson. In the end this paper traces a complicated and complex problem for Pascal, that of Mediation, and suggests that it ultimately had tragic consequences for him.


The Use Of Vergil's Aeneid In St. Augustine's Confessions, Jennifer S. Oberst Jan 1990

The Use Of Vergil's Aeneid In St. Augustine's Confessions, Jennifer S. Oberst

Anthós (1990-1996)

In his Confessions, St. Augustine draws a parallel between his own conversion to Christianity and Dido’s suicide in Vergil’s Aeneid. This paper traces the many connections between Dido’s suicide and Augustine’s conversion and suggests that his use of the conventions of her story would have appealed to pagans and thus furthered his effort to broaden the Christian faithful.


The Orchestration Of Nature's Writing Surfaces, Laurie M. O'Reilly Jan 1990

The Orchestration Of Nature's Writing Surfaces, Laurie M. O'Reilly

Anthós (1990-1996)

This articles stretches Derrida’s notion of writing by positing that writing itself might be thought of as "that which can be read or interpreted." This breaks the absolute bond between writing and human handicraft and suggests new ways of understanding the way we interpret natural phenomena. This paper traces this concept through numerous natural phenomena and suggests that perhaps the limits of meaning might have more to do with the interpreter’s range of understanding when it comes to natural gestures and "writings." In the end writing comes to be understood as durative, or has having duration. In this ...


Walter Kempowski's Familienchronik : History And The Role Of Erziehung, Carla Ann Damiano Jan 1990

Walter Kempowski's Familienchronik : History And The Role Of Erziehung, Carla Ann Damiano

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis attempts to prove that Walter Kempowski writes historical fiction. For this reason he should be considered an important 20th century German author. This contention is based on the presence of historical references regarding the topic of Erziehung in the Kempowski Familienchronik.


Torso As Ceramic Vessel, Richard Garrett Masterson Jan 1990

Torso As Ceramic Vessel, Richard Garrett Masterson

Dissertations and Theses

The ceramic forms in this thesis project represent a study of the sculptural and figurative qualities of the ceramic process. This study includes a search for a personal form language, development of the slab construction technique, and development of a glazed surface appropriate to the work. The subject of the work is the human torso, with the vessel-like forms focusing on the core of the body as a metaphor for the core of the human spirit.


Introduction, Lawrence Wheeler Jan 1990

Introduction, Lawrence Wheeler

Anthós (1990-1996)

Provides an overview of the content of the issue. In addition, given that this is the first issue, provides the reasoning behind the creation of the journal as well as a broad overview of its genesis.


The Loss Of Feminine Representation From The Aeneid To The Confessions, Merlin Douglass Jan 1990

The Loss Of Feminine Representation From The Aeneid To The Confessions, Merlin Douglass

Anthós (1990-1996)

This paper argues that “the change in the power of women from the time of Vergil to the time of Augustine altered the way in which they were represented” in the seminal texts of Vergil’s Aeneid and Augustine’s Confessions. Augustine’s Confessions have long been thought to be inspired by and echoing of the Aeneid. This paper, however, suggests that the striking loss of the female voice from the Aeneid to the Confessions is a result of the changed status of female power between the two time periods as well as a reminder of the purpose of the ...


Vergil's Aeneid: A Homeric Dichotomy?, David Dysert Jan 1990

Vergil's Aeneid: A Homeric Dichotomy?, David Dysert

Anthós (1990-1996)

This paper investigates the question of why scholars have traditionally labeled Vergil's Aeneid a "Homeric dichotomy." The Aeneid is often seen as a combination of the two great Homeric epics, the Odyssey and the Illiad, and is of criticized for its lack of transitions between the two. This paper argues that while the Aeneid certainly should be seen as a dichotomous work, its allusions stretch further than only to Homer’s epics. The paper traces a number of these allusions and suggests that the Aeneid should be viewed as a synthesis of Homer with other Greek traditions and epics ...


Augustine's Contribution To Star Wars, Scott Franklin Jan 1990

Augustine's Contribution To Star Wars, Scott Franklin

Anthós (1990-1996)

The parallels between Augustine’s Confessions and the movie Star Wars might at first seem to be few and far between, but this paper argues for that the opposite in fact is true when viewed through the lens of rhetoric. This paper suggests that both the Confessions and Star Wars reframe traditional storylines for their own times. For Augustine it is the Bible and for Star Wars it is a traditional WWII Storyline.


The Story In Kierkegaard And Newman, Laura Gill Jan 1990

The Story In Kierkegaard And Newman, Laura Gill

Anthós (1990-1996)

Kierkegaard and Newman might seem strange bedfellows, but both draw on stories from the Bible to inform their moral and ethical arguments. This paper shows how both philosophers use storylines and figures from the Bible to "gain a better understanding of the concept of faith for themselves as well as others." While both philosophers use the storylines to differing ends, this paper argues that the understanding of both philosophies is enhanced by viewing them both through this particular lens.


Intellectual Traditions As Predecessors To St. Augustine, Jennifer Lovell Jan 1990

Intellectual Traditions As Predecessors To St. Augustine, Jennifer Lovell

Anthós (1990-1996)

St. Augustine both explicitly and implicitly relied on existing intellectual traditions in the construction of his Confessions. He not only explicitly references Neoplatonic thought, he also implicitly constructs his argument around Neoplatonic ideals. He also used rhetorical and epic traditions to create his Christian Doctrine. By blending the teachings of the Bible with these traditions, this paper argues that St. Augustine effectively appealed to the intellectual elite.


A 'Meta-Constructive' Reading Of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Hand Of Darkness, Annette M. Matthews Jan 1990

A 'Meta-Constructive' Reading Of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Hand Of Darkness, Annette M. Matthews

Anthós (1990-1996)

Ursula K. le Guin’s fascinating and controversial novel, The Left Hand of Darkness, constructs meaning in multiple ways and at multiple levels. Using Todorov’s theory of “Reading as Construction,” this paper posits that le Guin’s novel requires the reader to be aware of their own reading in order to understand the text. The paper traces the idea of construction throughout the novel and ultimately suggests that the novel uses its differing points of view to force the reader to construct for themselves in order to understand the construction of the novel and its characters.


An Exploration Of Some Aspects Of Mystery, Terry Foster Thompson Jan 1990

An Exploration Of Some Aspects Of Mystery, Terry Foster Thompson

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis project consists of twenty-four paintings, drawings and lithographs dealing with three sub-themes of the larger subject of mystery: the mystery of existence; the mystery of religion; the mystery of the unknown. These themes are explored through manipulations of light, color, compositional arrangement and painting and drawing techniques.


Snake River : A Personal Search, Eva Havas Slinker Jan 1990

Snake River : A Personal Search, Eva Havas Slinker

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis includes twenty landscape paintings, primarily oil on canvas, inspired by a trip to the Hell's Canyon Country of the Snake River.

The search for a personal idiom necessitated introspection, and the visual interpretation of the recalled experience required that formal issues of painting be synthesized to communicate the essential response to the landscape. The images progress from the depiction of deep space to compositions of the component parts of the landscape: trees, water, and rock.


Translation As Interpretation : Siegfried Lenz' "Motivsuche", John F. Disterheft Jan 1990

Translation As Interpretation : Siegfried Lenz' "Motivsuche", John F. Disterheft

Dissertations and Theses

It is the purpose of this thesis to show that literary interpretation and translation are closely interrelated, that the translator cannot pursue his goal, the transfer of a work of literature from one language into another, without interpreting that work as literature.


On A Women's Language, Tamara Brown Jan 1990

On A Women's Language, Tamara Brown

Dissertations and Theses

Assessing the feminist belief that women have a perspective dramatically differing from the patriarchal perspective, and that this viewpoint is, or could be, couched in a language differing from the norm, this researcher addressed the following three questions: (1) is there a definition of a women's language? (2) does a women's language exist? and (3) if a women's language does exist, in what form does it exist? These questions engendered feminist rhetorical criticism on the work of two radical feminists well known for their interest in, and attention to, the issue of a women's language.


Creating The Paradox In Form, Dennis A. Peterson Jan 1990

Creating The Paradox In Form, Dennis A. Peterson

Dissertations and Theses

The intent of this thesis project was to create visual and psychological illusions and paradoxes by manipulating sculptural elements. This format embodied balances between man and nature and social comment.


Where Did The Nez Perces Go In Yellowstone In 1877?, William L. Lang Jan 1990

Where Did The Nez Perces Go In Yellowstone In 1877?, William L. Lang

History Faculty Publications and Presentations

Examines the events surrounding the surrender of the Nez Perces tribe in the Nez Perce War of 1877 in Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. The tribe surrendered in Montana, only about 40 miles from the safety of the border with Canada, after allowing General Nelson A. Miles's troops to catch up while they spent two weeks in Yellowstone. Why the tribe made this stop, and what they did while in Yellowstone has puzzled historians. A popular explanation based on the testimony of a hostage of the tribe has been that the tribe became lost in Yellowstone, but a reconstruction of ...


An Exploratory Study Of Female Networking In A Mormon Fundamentalist Polygynous Society, Janet Bennion Cannon Jan 1990

An Exploratory Study Of Female Networking In A Mormon Fundamentalist Polygynous Society, Janet Bennion Cannon

Dissertations and Theses

The present study is comprised of two parts: 1) an exploratory ethnography of a contemporary polygynous community governed by a strong patriarchal ideology in Pinesdale Montana with emphasis on social relationships, and 2) an analysis of the factors which have allowed women's groups to develop in Mormon fundamentalism. The ethnographic account of the community contextualizes the occurrence of female groups in Pinesdale. A model of the formation of female groups designed by Nancy Leis (1974) in her study of the West African Ijaw is used to provide a better understanding of how female groups are formed, and is applied ...


A History Of The Sisters Of St. Mary Of Oregon's Mission In Tamshiyacu, Peru 1966-1973, Pauline Rose Walbel Jan 1990

A History Of The Sisters Of St. Mary Of Oregon's Mission In Tamshiyacu, Peru 1966-1973, Pauline Rose Walbel

Dissertations and Theses

On August 17, 1961, Pope John XXIII appealed to religious communities in the United States to send ten-percent of their personnel to assist the Church in Latin America. Thousands answered his call. This unprecedented effort drew four members of the Sisters of St. Mary of Oregon to the village of Tamshiyacu in the jungles of Peru from 1966 to 1973.

The purpose of this thesis ls to examine the experience of the sisters within the context of the total missionary effort and the religious changes affecting the Catholic Church in the United States and Latin America during the 1960/s.


Oregon's Cuban-American Community : From Revolution To Assimilation, Richard Dellenback Jan 1990

Oregon's Cuban-American Community : From Revolution To Assimilation, Richard Dellenback

Dissertations and Theses

The adjustment and assimilation achieved by Cuban-Americans who arrived in Oregon during the 1960s was notable for its rapidity. Little contact existed between the state and the island prior to the resettlement efforts begun by the Charities Division of the Portland Catholic Archdiocese, where a group of concerned administrators meshed their activities with a nation-wide program created and encouraged by the united States government and private agencies.


The Enigmatic Founder : Liberalism, Republicanism And The Thought Of James Madison, John S. Witherow Jan 1990

The Enigmatic Founder : Liberalism, Republicanism And The Thought Of James Madison, John S. Witherow

Dissertations and Theses

In the twentieth century the debate over the ideological origins of the founding period and early republic has resulted in a polarization of historical interpretations. Recently, the conflict has centered on historians who use either the liberal or classical republican paradigms to explain these eras. Scholars of the founding period have argued for the dominance of one political ideology or the other in the thought of important figures of this time. Unfortunately, this struggle has led to a narrow interpretation of arguably the greatest thinker in American History, James Madison. To the contrary, I hold Madison's thought was influenced ...


Written Narratives Of Language Disordered And Normal Adolescents On Two Tasks, Antigone Howick Brown Jan 1990

Written Narratives Of Language Disordered And Normal Adolescents On Two Tasks, Antigone Howick Brown

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to describe written narratives of language disordered adolescents by comparing their written narratives via story grammar analysis with those of normal adolescents. The written narratives were obtained by administering two tasks as required assignments within the English or communications classes of the two groups. Task A was to write about a personal experience and Task B was about an imaginary experience. This study used Merritt and Liles' adaptations (1987) of Stein and Glenn's procedures (1979) for story grammar analysis to describe the content of the narratives.


Burns'eko Etxekoandreak: Basque Women Boarding House Keepers Of Burns, Oregon, Paquita Lucia Garatea Jan 1990

Burns'eko Etxekoandreak: Basque Women Boarding House Keepers Of Burns, Oregon, Paquita Lucia Garatea

Dissertations and Theses

The migration of the Basques to the Pacific Northwest at the turn of the century was due to a number of factors including economic, cultural and political. The Basques constitute a distinct ethnic group from northern Spain and southern France, whose origins have not yet been determined by historical, linguistic, or archaeological studies. From ancient times, the Basques have fought to maintain their cultural identity and political freedom against invaders, developing in this struggle a strong sense of racial group solidarity. The lack of opportunity for advancement and the obligation to serve in the military were added reasons for the ...


A Survey Of Diplomatic And Commercial Relations Between The United States And Oman In Zanzibar, 1828-1856, Mohammed Al-Mukadam Jan 1990

A Survey Of Diplomatic And Commercial Relations Between The United States And Oman In Zanzibar, 1828-1856, Mohammed Al-Mukadam

Dissertations and Theses

Informal relations between American merchant traders and the Sultanate of Oman in the port of Zanzibar began with the landing of the first American merchants about 1828. At the same approximate time, Sultan Said bin Sultan moved his official residence from Muscat, Oman, to Zanzibar, underlining the importance of Zanzibar to the administration of his territories on the East African coast. Relations were formalized by the Treaty of 1833 between the United States and Oman, and the U.S. established a consular mission in Zanzibar in 1837 and in Muscat in 1838.

The growth of the Omani Empire under Sultan ...


Cross-Cultural Differences In Written Discourse Patterns : A Study Of Acceptability Of Japanese Expository Compositions In American Universities, Hiroko Kitano Jan 1990

Cross-Cultural Differences In Written Discourse Patterns : A Study Of Acceptability Of Japanese Expository Compositions In American Universities, Hiroko Kitano

Dissertations and Theses

Since Kaplan started the study of contrastive rhetoric, researchers have investigated Japanese and English compositions and have found some differences between them. However, few studies have investigated how these differences are perceived by native English readers when the different rhetorical patterns are transferred to English writing.

Drawing from Hinds' study, this research focuses on the following: how the Japanese style of writing is evaluated by Japanese and American readers, especially in academic situations, how Japanese rhetorical patterns are perceived by American readers, and how a change of organization affects the evaluation by American readers.


The German Exile Journal Das Wort And The Soviet Union, James W. Seward Jan 1990

The German Exile Journal Das Wort And The Soviet Union, James W. Seward

Dissertations and Theses

Das Wort was a literary journal published by German Communist writers and fellow-travelers exiled in Moscow from 1936 to 1939. It was to be a mouthpiece for German literature in exile and to promote the Popular Front policy, which sought to unite disparate elements in non-Fascist Europe in opposition to the Nazis. Das Wort, under the editorship of German Communist writers whose close association with the Soviet Union had been well established in the previous decade, tried to provide a forum for exiled writers of various political persuasions, but was unwavering in its positive portrayal of Stalin's Soviet Union ...


John Rawls, The Conception Of A Liberal Self, And The Communitarian Critique, Johnathan Edward Mansfield Jan 1990

John Rawls, The Conception Of A Liberal Self, And The Communitarian Critique, Johnathan Edward Mansfield

Dissertations and Theses

John Rawls' A Theory of Justice stands as the single most important work in the Anglo-American liberal tradition after World War II. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls revives the social contract doctrine in order to determine principles of justice that would be chosen by persons who are free and equal moral individuals. Since Rawls believes that no single conception of the good can establish justice in a pluralistic society, he posits a set of principles of right which are prior to any particular good. Thus his theory, which he calls "justice as fairness," is deontological. Since its publication in ...