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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton Jan 1990

Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation In Britain, 1721-1830, Deborah Christian Brunton

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Inoculation has an important place in the history of medicine: not only was it the first form of preventive medicine but its history spans the so-called eighteenth century 'medical revolution'. A study of the myriad of pamphlets, books and articles on the controversial practice casts new light on these fundamental changes in the medical profession and medical practice. Whereas historians have associated the abandonment of old humoural theories and individualised therapy in favour of standardised techniques with the emergence of new institutions in the second half of the century, inoculation suggests that changes began as early as the 1720s. Though ...


A Fatal Enigma?: The Reception Of Smallpox Inoculation In Colonial Massachusetts, Monika Drake Patten Jan 1990

A Fatal Enigma?: The Reception Of Smallpox Inoculation In Colonial Massachusetts, Monika Drake Patten

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Organized Labor: The Past, Present, And Future Of Nurse-Midwifery In America, Amy Procter Matthews Jan 1990

Organized Labor: The Past, Present, And Future Of Nurse-Midwifery In America, Amy Procter Matthews

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Written Narratives Of Language Disordered And Normal Adolescents On Two Tasks, Antigone Howick Brown Jan 1990

Written Narratives Of Language Disordered And Normal Adolescents On Two Tasks, Antigone Howick Brown

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to describe written narratives of language disordered adolescents by comparing their written narratives via story grammar analysis with those of normal adolescents. The written narratives were obtained by administering two tasks as required assignments within the English or communications classes of the two groups. Task A was to write about a personal experience and Task B was about an imaginary experience. This study used Merritt and Liles' adaptations (1987) of Stein and Glenn's procedures (1979) for story grammar analysis to describe the content of the narratives.


Life History And Developmental Correlates Of Female Vocational Preferences: A Multivariate Study , Laura Sherrick Reichel Jan 1990

Life History And Developmental Correlates Of Female Vocational Preferences: A Multivariate Study , Laura Sherrick Reichel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship among life history experiences, sex-roles, self-esteem and women's vocational preferences according to Holland's vocational typology. The sample consisted of 296 undergraduate female college students. Data were gathered via four questionnaires: the Strong Campbell Interest Inventory (Hansen & Campbell, 1985); the Biographical Questionnaire (Owens, 1971); the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (Bem, 1981); and the Self-Esteem Inventory (Coopersmith, 1987). Subjects were then classified according to Holland's vocational personality types;Both discriminant analyses and canonical correlations demonstrated the validity of using life history information, sex-roles and self-esteem to predict female vocational preferences ...


The Relationship Between Spirituality And Depression In Family Caregivers Of The Elderly, Cynthia L. Boland Jan 1990

The Relationship Between Spirituality And Depression In Family Caregivers Of The Elderly, Cynthia L. Boland

Masters Theses

The main purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between spirituality and depression in family caregivers of the elderly. Data for this secondary study came from a caregiver research project conducted by Given and Given (1989). Although the primary study was longitudinal, this study used a cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design. A convenience sample of 191 family caregivers participated. Data on spirituality and depression were obtained by self-administered questionnaires. Spirituality was measured with the Spiritual/Philosophical subscale from the Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer & Marting, 1988). The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (Radloff, 1977) was slightly modified and used ...