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Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

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Further Up & Further In: Understanding Narnia, By Joseph Pearce, Chad Chisholm May 2020

Further Up & Further In: Understanding Narnia, By Joseph Pearce, Chad Chisholm

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


The Mutual Admiration Society: How Dorothy L. Sayers And Her Oxford Circle Remade The World For Women By Mo Moulton, Barbara L. Prescott May 2020

The Mutual Admiration Society: How Dorothy L. Sayers And Her Oxford Circle Remade The World For Women By Mo Moulton, Barbara L. Prescott

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Re-Envisioning Mythopoeia By Nancy-Lou Patterson, Edited By Emily E. Auger And Janet Brennan Croft, Kris Swank May 2020

Re-Envisioning Mythopoeia By Nancy-Lou Patterson, Edited By Emily E. Auger And Janet Brennan Croft, Kris Swank

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Editorial, Janet Brennan Croft May 2020

Editorial, Janet Brennan Croft

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


"Written By The Finger Of God": C.S. Lewis And Historical Judgement, Phillip Irving Mitchell May 2020

"Written By The Finger Of God": C.S. Lewis And Historical Judgement, Phillip Irving Mitchell

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Lewis’s distrust of scientific laws for history, rather than undercutting his practice of literary history, existed alongside a basic, cautionary trust in representing the past. His methods of history writing included offering an overall plot, developing characters and corporate quasi-characters, and making analogies with the present to increase readerly sympathy (or antipathy) with long-gone cultures. Despite his strong rhetorical tendency to generalize, Lewis did not place absolute faith in his historical narratives. They were made to be argued with, supplemented, and even over-turned. The article pays particular attention to three documents from Lewis’s career as a literary historian ...


The 'Wyrdwrīteras' Of Elvish History: Northern Courage, Historical Bias, And Literary Artifact As Illustrative Narrative, Richard Z. Gallant May 2020

The 'Wyrdwrīteras' Of Elvish History: Northern Courage, Historical Bias, And Literary Artifact As Illustrative Narrative, Richard Z. Gallant

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Tolkien’s legendarium writings display a subtle command of the perspectives and aims of different storytellers, as this examination of the many “chroniclers of Elvish history” and their various motivations demonstrates. At the meta-level, the paper discusses Tolkien’s own historiographical aims in using these different voices to advance sometimes opposing views of military motive and courage.


The Unicorn As The Embodiment Of The Numinous In The Works Of Peter S. Beagle, Weronika Łaszkiewicz May 2020

The Unicorn As The Embodiment Of The Numinous In The Works Of Peter S. Beagle, Weronika Łaszkiewicz

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

This article examines Peter S. Beagle’s depiction of unicorns in his two recent works, In Calabria (2017) and “My Son Heydari and the Karkadann” (2017), in order to demonstrate how these mythic creatures embody Rudolf Otto’s concept of the numinous (defined as mysterium tremendum et fascinans) and thus expand the unicorn imagery developed by the writer since his 1968 The Last Unicorn.


Tolkien’S Tom Bombadil: An Enigma “(Intentionally)”, Suzanne Jacobs May 2020

Tolkien’S Tom Bombadil: An Enigma “(Intentionally)”, Suzanne Jacobs

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Tolkien’s Tom Bombadil is a notoriously mysterious character, standing somewhat apart from the central narrative, who has elicited debate and speculation among Tolkien’s readers ever since The Lord of the Rings was first published. This paper argues that Tom’s identity can be read not only as enigmatic, but as drawing on the enigmata, the riddle tradition, of the ancient and medieval world. The way in which Tom is presented amounts to a purposely obscure description that invites engagement and speculation from the reader, and that also depends for its reading on readers’ familiarity with a specific shared ...


Fearless Joy: Tom Bombadil’S Function In The Lord Of The Rings, Robert B. Chapman-Morales May 2020

Fearless Joy: Tom Bombadil’S Function In The Lord Of The Rings, Robert B. Chapman-Morales

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

In The Lord of the Rings, Tom Bombadil is usually viewed as either a silly and unimportant interruption or as a character with only a very minor function, but certainly not as a character of importance like Gandalf. Recently, scholars have shown the importance of laughter and humor in J.R.R. Tolkien's works. This essay continues the discussion by showing how Bombadil is important and necessary to the narrative of The Lord of the Rings as an embodiment of joy, and more broadly demonstrates the essential revivifying importance of joy to the entire tale.


What The Riddle-Makers Have Hidden Behind The Fire Of A Dragon, Laurence Smith May 2020

What The Riddle-Makers Have Hidden Behind The Fire Of A Dragon, Laurence Smith

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Classical mythology, folklore, and fairy tales are full of dragons which exhibit fantastic attributes such as breathing fire, hoarding treasure, or possessing more than one head. This study maintains that some of these puzzling phenomena may derive from riddles, and will focus particularly on some plausible answers that refer to a real creature that has for millennia been valued and hunted by man: the honeybee.


In Memoriam: Marquette Memories Of Christopher Tolkien, William M. Fliss May 2020

In Memoriam: Marquette Memories Of Christopher Tolkien, William M. Fliss

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

The curator of the Marquette University Archives remembers Christopher Tolkien (1924–2020) through a brief history of his relationship with the archives.


In Memoriam: The Last Inkling, John Rateliff May 2020

In Memoriam: The Last Inkling, John Rateliff

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

The author of The History of the Hobbit remembers Christopher Tolkien (1924–2020) and recounts a history of their interactions over the years.


Lupin’S First Lesson: An Example Of Excellent Teaching, Joshua Cole May 2020

Lupin’S First Lesson: An Example Of Excellent Teaching, Joshua Cole

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

A story is often better than abstract theorizing; and the best stories provide opportunities for readers to reflect on their own lives. J.K. Rowling's portrayal of Professor Lupin's first class with Harry's group of Gryffindor third years in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban embodies some useful pedagogical orientations and practices. It is particularly insightful about the importance of teachers working to understand their students. In fact, this pedagogical focus on the student is so central to the nature of teaching that Rowling's story is a sort of fairy tale of pedagogy.


Inklings And Danteans Alike: C.S. Lewis, Colin Hardie, Charles Williams, And J.R.R. Tolkien’S Participation In The Oxford Dante Society, Jim Stockton May 2020

Inklings And Danteans Alike: C.S. Lewis, Colin Hardie, Charles Williams, And J.R.R. Tolkien’S Participation In The Oxford Dante Society, Jim Stockton

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

This note pulls together information about the Oxford Dante Society and compiles a useful timetable of the participation of three Inklings in its activities.


An Annotated List Of Fantasy Novels Incorporating Tarot (1990-2005), Emily E. Auger May 2020

An Annotated List Of Fantasy Novels Incorporating Tarot (1990-2005), Emily E. Auger

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

This annotated list of books from 1990 through 2005 continues the bibliography in Mythlore 36.2 (Spring-Summer 2018) and includes abstracts for each novel or series and some card layout diagrams.


Tolkien And The Classics, Willow Dipasquale May 2020

Tolkien And The Classics, Willow Dipasquale

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Celtic Myth In The 21st Century: The Gods And Their Stories In A Global Perspective, Edited By Emily Lyle, Maria Alberto May 2020

Celtic Myth In The 21st Century: The Gods And Their Stories In A Global Perspective, Edited By Emily Lyle, Maria Alberto

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Inklings Of Truth: Essays To Mark The Anniversaries Of C.S. Lewis And J.R.R. Tolkien, Edited By Paul Shrimpton, Austin Freeman May 2020

Inklings Of Truth: Essays To Mark The Anniversaries Of C.S. Lewis And J.R.R. Tolkien, Edited By Paul Shrimpton, Austin Freeman

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Tolkien’S Library: An Annotated Checklist, By Oronzo Cilli, Andoni Cossio May 2020

Tolkien’S Library: An Annotated Checklist, By Oronzo Cilli, Andoni Cossio

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Tolkien And Philosophy, Edited By Roberto Arduini And Claudio A. Testi, David Emerson May 2020

Tolkien And Philosophy, Edited By Roberto Arduini And Claudio A. Testi, David Emerson

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Informing The Inklings: George Macdonald And The Victorian Roots Of Modern Fantasy, Edited By Michael Partridge And Kirstin Jeffrey Johnson, Tiffany Brooke Martin May 2020

Informing The Inklings: George Macdonald And The Victorian Roots Of Modern Fantasy, Edited By Michael Partridge And Kirstin Jeffrey Johnson, Tiffany Brooke Martin

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


“Something Has Gone Crack”: New Perspectives On J.R.R. Tolkien In The Great War, Edited By Janet Brennan Croft And Annika Röttinger, James Prothero May 2020

“Something Has Gone Crack”: New Perspectives On J.R.R. Tolkien In The Great War, Edited By Janet Brennan Croft And Annika Röttinger, James Prothero

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Tractacus De Deificatione Sexdecim Heroum Per Martianum De Sancto Alosio / A Treatise On The Deification Of Sixteen Heroes By Marziano Da Sant’ Alosio, With Text, Translation, Introduction, And Notes By Ross G.R. Caldwell And Marco Ponzi; The Marziano Tarot The Oldest Known Tarot Deck Conceived By Marziano Da Tortona First Created By Michelino Da Besozzo In Milan Between 1412 And 1425; Con Gli Occhi Et Con L’Intelletto / Explaining The Tarot In Sixteenth Century Italy, Translation And Commentary By Ross Sinclair Caldwell, Thierry Depaulis, And Marco Ponzi, Emily E. Auger May 2020

Tractacus De Deificatione Sexdecim Heroum Per Martianum De Sancto Alosio / A Treatise On The Deification Of Sixteen Heroes By Marziano Da Sant’ Alosio, With Text, Translation, Introduction, And Notes By Ross G.R. Caldwell And Marco Ponzi; The Marziano Tarot The Oldest Known Tarot Deck Conceived By Marziano Da Tortona First Created By Michelino Da Besozzo In Milan Between 1412 And 1425; Con Gli Occhi Et Con L’Intelletto / Explaining The Tarot In Sixteenth Century Italy, Translation And Commentary By Ross Sinclair Caldwell, Thierry Depaulis, And Marco Ponzi, Emily E. Auger

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Becoming C.S. Lewis: A Biography Of Young Jack Lewis (1898-1918), By Harry Lee Poe, Andrew C. Stout May 2020

Becoming C.S. Lewis: A Biography Of Young Jack Lewis (1898-1918), By Harry Lee Poe, Andrew C. Stout

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Briefly Noted, Janet Brennan Croft May 2020

Briefly Noted, Janet Brennan Croft

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

The Wanderer’s Hávámal, translated by Jackson Crawford; Cinderella across Cultures: New Directions and Interdisciplinary Perspectives , edited by Martine Hennard Dutheil de la Rochère et al.; A Palace of Pearls: The Stories of Reb Nachman of Bratslav, retold by Howard Schwartz; Electra: A Gender Sensitive Study of the Plays Based on the Myth, by Batya Casper; Forschungsdrang und Rollenspiel: Motivgeschichtliche Betrachtungen zum Fantasy-Rollenspiel Das Schwarze Auge, edited by Stefan Donecker et al.


The Inklings And King Arther: J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Willams, C.S. Lewis, And Owen Barfield On The Matter Of Britain Ed. Sørina Higgins, Jared Lobdell Apr 2020

The Inklings And King Arther: J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Willams, C.S. Lewis, And Owen Barfield On The Matter Of Britain Ed. Sørina Higgins, Jared Lobdell

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

No abstract provided.


Mythology In Children's Animation, David L. Emerson Oct 2019

Mythology In Children's Animation, David L. Emerson

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

In recent years, there have been several animated films, ostensibly for children yet appreciable by adults as well, which have made attempts to incorporate various mythologies of the world into their settings and plots. There is considerable variation in the amounts of mythology included, from offhand mentions to integral components of the story. There is also a wide range of the degree of faithfulness to the mythologies being depicted. This note gives an overview of some of the most well-known and readily available animations from 1992 to 2017, and show how the mythologies of many different cultures are represented. Some ...


Mirkwood, John V. Orth Oct 2019

Mirkwood, John V. Orth

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Contrary to the repeated assertion that it was William Morris who in 1888 first adapted Mirkwood from Old Norse, Sir Walter Scott had in fact used the name seventy-five years earlier in his 1814 novel Waverley.


Extreme Minimalism In The Lord Of The Rings, Pierre H. Berube Oct 2019

Extreme Minimalism In The Lord Of The Rings, Pierre H. Berube

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Notes two key moments of minimalistic style in The Lord of the Rings.


Innocence In Lewis’S Perelandra And Twain’S King Arthur’S Court, S. Dorman Oct 2019

Innocence In Lewis’S Perelandra And Twain’S King Arthur’S Court, S. Dorman

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

Comparing the innocent characters, especially The Green Lady and Sandy, respectively, in Perelandra and A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur's Court