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“Neither East Nor West”: Shia Women Negotiating Gender Norms In America, Raheleh Dayerizadeh Apr 2018

“Neither East Nor West”: Shia Women Negotiating Gender Norms In America, Raheleh Dayerizadeh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With growing hostilities towards the Ummah (Muslim global community and Diaspora) in Western countries and the fear of Sharia laws, the socialization of international human rights norms within religious institutions, makes for a timely case study. Specifically, this dissertation project aims to capture the process of norm transformation at the grassroots level by investigating the religious, cultural, and social encounter between Islam and the West by interviewing Shia women at a local mosque in Florida. Critical constructivism, post-colonial feminism, and qualitative interpretive methods, are used to address the following: how practicing Shia women are navigating between competing liberal gender equality ...


"Mothers Like Us Think Differently": Mothers' Negotiations Of Virginity In Contemporary Turkey, Asli Aygunes Mar 2017

"Mothers Like Us Think Differently": Mothers' Negotiations Of Virginity In Contemporary Turkey, Asli Aygunes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Even though virginity in Turkey is commonly defined, thus gendered, as losing the hymen, in Turkish society, discourses of virginity connect to broader discussions, such as modernity, morality, social honor/shame, religion, family values, and even medicine (vaginismus and artificial hymen surgery). Previous scholarship on women’s rights in Turkey outlines how historical approaches by Kemalist secularism were not enough to diminish oppressive social norms such as virginity and how the current conservative government and elements of traditional Turkish society perpetuate virginity as an important virtue for unmarried women. This study adds seven Turkish mothers’ interpretations of what I am ...


Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger Jan 2016

Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore kiltmakers’ experiences as practitioners and their perspectives regarding the possibility of Protected Geographic Indication (PGI) status or Certification Mark for the Scottish kiltmaking industry, with the aim of helping to transform protection for these individuals’ livelihood. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study explored the experiences of both learner and expert kiltmakers, along with those of teachers and administrators in schools and firms in the greater Edinburgh and Highland regions of Scotland. An emphasis was placed on discovering participants’ experiences relating to the processes of learning and practicing kiltmaking; the industrial, cultural, and ...


Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens Jan 2016

Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on how four Black women described their retention and persistence; how institutional retention efforts support or hinder Black women’s perceptions of their ability to persist; and how institutional programs, processes, and policies can be transformed to support the retention and persistence of Black women attending community college. In 2012, 38 percent of Black women in college were enrolled in community colleges, 60 percent were over the age of 25, and 65.3 percent were considered low income.

Although there has been extensive research conducted on retention and persistence broadly, only two studies were identified that focused ...


Is It Funny Because It's Not True? Chinese People's Perceptions Of Aggressive Female Characters In Asian Comedies, Yin Xia Jan 2016

Is It Funny Because It's Not True? Chinese People's Perceptions Of Aggressive Female Characters In Asian Comedies, Yin Xia

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scholars and cultural critics have criticized the mass media for underrepresenting women. Feminist media theory, which focuses on how women are depicted in the media as well as how the depictions affect reality, claims that the media fail in representing “women as women” (Parry & Karam, 2001). Based on feminist media theory, this thesis focuses on how Chinese audiences perceive aggressive female characters in Asian comedies. A total of four focus groups were conducted, audiotaped and later transcribed and translated. The findings show that participants saw the characters as sassy and aggressive yet pretty and easygoing. Also, while some participants believed ...


'She Shall Not Be Moved': Black Women's Spiritual Practice In Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, Beloved, Paradise, And Home, Rondrea Danielle Mathis Jan 2015

'She Shall Not Be Moved': Black Women's Spiritual Practice In Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, Beloved, Paradise, And Home, Rondrea Danielle Mathis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

‘She Shall Not Be Moved’: Black Women’s Spiritual Practice in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye, Beloved, Paradise, and Home argues that from The Bluest Eye, Morrison’s debut novel, to her 2012 novel, Home, Morrison brings her female characters to voice, autonomy, and personal divinity through unconventional spiritual work. The project addresses the history of Black women’s activist and spiritual work, Toni Morrison’s engagement with unconventional spiritual practice, and closes with a personal interrogation of the author’s connection to Black women’s spiritual practice.


“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter Jan 2015

“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative dissertation studies how Iowa women farmland owners construct their experiences as landowners. I focus on the reflexivity between individual narratives of women farmland owners and cultural narratives of farmland ownership to better understand narrative reflexivity and thereby contribute to “a better understanding of how narratives work and the work narratives do” (Loseke 2007). I identify how cultural narratives influence interactional processes, such as decision-making and conservation implementation, and inform the legitimacy of landownership and land use. How women farmland owners construct meaning about their farmland and use this to navigate decision-making with their co-owners and others has significant ...


Borrowing A Home: Palestinian Women's Agency In Forming National Identity, Bethany May Melendy Jan 2014

Borrowing A Home: Palestinian Women's Agency In Forming National Identity, Bethany May Melendy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an examination of Palestinian women's roles and agency in creating and reinforcing Palestinian national identity. This is done by interviewing approximately 30 women, as well as observing and participating in daily life amongst Palestinian refugees. Women are an important part of the preservation and continuation of specific aspects of Palestinian culture, which are passed down from one generation to the next. Traditionally in research of refugees, women's voices have been marginalized, and by drawing on stand-point feminist theory this research focuses exclusively on women's roles and women's voices in order to lessen this ...


Seizing The Stake: Female Martyrdom In England During The Reformation, Douglas Winkey Jan 2014

Seizing The Stake: Female Martyrdom In England During The Reformation, Douglas Winkey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study will examine the complicated relationship between female religious expression and society during the sixteenth century Reformation. Luther originally formulated Protestant society in a way where women would be located in the home and away from the dangerous, but religiously critical, concept of martyrdom. Even in England, where society was different from that of Germany, women were still expected to behave subserviently to men in matters of religion and chose to reject outside forms of control of their faith. John Foxe wrote extensively on the women in question and his book formed a model for examining and discussion Reformation ...


Getting Out Of The Kitchen And Into The Bedroom: The Objectification Of Women In Advertising Through The Use Of Design Elements Exploring The Perception Of Sexual Imagery And Objectification In Advertising Amongst Graphic Design Undergraduates, Melissa Mcdonald Jan 2014

Getting Out Of The Kitchen And Into The Bedroom: The Objectification Of Women In Advertising Through The Use Of Design Elements Exploring The Perception Of Sexual Imagery And Objectification In Advertising Amongst Graphic Design Undergraduates, Melissa Mcdonald

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

"Sex sells" is a common phrase popular in the world of advertising and marketing. More specifically, it is the sexual material plastering the pages of magazines in various forms of advertisements such as cologne or alcohol, selling not only the product itself, but also the women who inhabit it.

This thesis gives a brief introduction to the sexual history behind "the gaze"--the lustful stare man places on a woman, its impact on advertising, and how America's universities are not properly informing their undergraduates of the overtly sexual content. In many regards, painting during the Renaissance paved the way ...


Shaping Identity: Male And Female Interactions In Cinema, Jonette Lauren Lagamba Jan 2012

Shaping Identity: Male And Female Interactions In Cinema, Jonette Lauren Lagamba

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Since the inception of cinema, women have been portrayed with the typical identities of emotionally and physically weak characters; this portrayal led to their subsequent dependence on men. Men were usually the protagonists and/or the heroes, following their archetypal journey. Thus, women's position in early cinema was to exemplify what men were not, placing the former in the diminutive position of the Other. One may conclude that men were often defined by what women lacked, and the women were defined by their relationships with these heroic men. As time progressed in the history of cinema, women's ...


Beyond Practice And Constraint: Toward Situating Female Sexual Agency On St. Croix, Usvi, Jamae F. Morris Jan 2012

Beyond Practice And Constraint: Toward Situating Female Sexual Agency On St. Croix, Usvi, Jamae F. Morris

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Women are shaped by the social structure, but they are not simply passive products. They act. They respond. They pursue. This holds true for many aspects of women's complex and dynamic lives, including their sexual health. Daily, women negotiate social expectations, individual proclivities and desires, and the need to provide for themselves and their families. Through the use of ethnographic methodology, focusing on three major social pillars--the regulation of the female body, the organization of social space, and the structuring of gender--this investigation, based on the island of St. Croix, USVI, seeks to offer an ethnographic assessment of women ...


"The New Costumes Of Odd Sizes:" Plus Sized Women's Fashions, 1910-1924, Carmen Nicole Keist Jan 2012

"The New Costumes Of Odd Sizes:" Plus Sized Women's Fashions, 1910-1924, Carmen Nicole Keist

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to examine the fashionable styles available to women in the 1910s and 1920s, the advice, both prescriptive and proscriptive, given to plus sized women in the 1910 and the 1920s, and the apparel-related patents issued during the 1910s to 1929 to aid the plus sized woman. Primary sources analyzed included The New York Times, Vogue, Good Housekeeping, and utility patents. They provided multiple viewpoints regarding the plus sized woman during this period. The percentage of larger women grew during the early twentieth century, and it was estimated that by 1916 there were over 13 ...


The Role Of Program Climate And Socialization In The Retention Of Engineering Undergraduates, Heather Elizabeth Ureksoy Jan 2011

The Role Of Program Climate And Socialization In The Retention Of Engineering Undergraduates, Heather Elizabeth Ureksoy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Increasing women's participation in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) can promote a healthy economy by ensuring a diverse and well-qualified STEM workforce, not only in the quantity of females in the workforce, but diversity in thinking and creativity. It will also send a positive message to young women about the breadth of educational opportunities and career choices they have available to them. However, women continue to participate in engineering education in a far lower rate than men. Attracting and retaining female students has become a challenging problem for the academic engineering community. In this study ...


New Media Photographic Representations Of Women`S Collegiate Volleyball: Game Faces, Action Shots, And Equipment, Alicia Pack Jan 2011

New Media Photographic Representations Of Women`S Collegiate Volleyball: Game Faces, Action Shots, And Equipment, Alicia Pack

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers consistently find that mainstream media often represent women athletes in stereotypical ways including trivialization, sexualization, infantilization, passivity, and utilization of camera down-angles. However, research on new media's visual representation of women athletes is still in its infancy. This study adds to the growing literature on new media's representation of women athletes and concurs with previous findings suggesting that new media might be an outlet that can counter old media gender stereotypes. This thesis used mixed methods of qualitative content analysis and photovoice in order to better understand how Big East volleyball players are represented in photographs on ...


The Fiction Of The Rime: Gaspara Stampa's "Poetic Misprision" Of Giovanni Boccaccio's The Elegy Of Lady Fiammetta, Ellan B. Otero Jun 2010

The Fiction Of The Rime: Gaspara Stampa's "Poetic Misprision" Of Giovanni Boccaccio's The Elegy Of Lady Fiammetta, Ellan B. Otero

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study maintains that although Gaspara Stampa's Rime (1554) appears to straddle two popular literary genres-lyric poetry and autobiography-analysis of the Rime within its cultural context demonstrates that while Stampa (1523-1553) used Petrarchan conventions, she also both borrowed and swerved from Giovanni Boccaccio's Elegy of Lady Fiammetta (1334-1337) to imagine a non-Petrarchan narrative of an abandoned woman. In the Renaissance, lyric poetry and autobiography were distinguished not only by their style-prose vs. verse-but, more importantly, by the treatment of their distinctive subject matter. Lyric poetry focused on those emotions involving love, whereas Renaissance autobiography shunned emotions. A comparative ...


Politics And Poetry: Not So Separate Spheres (Voice Of The Minority Muse), Denice N. Traina Jun 2010

Politics And Poetry: Not So Separate Spheres (Voice Of The Minority Muse), Denice N. Traina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis contributes to continuing assessments of women writers and their political activities during the long eighteenth century. Analyzing works by Aphra Behn, Hannah More, and Anna Letitia Barbauld, I assert that these writers projected their voices into public affairs, and I explore their treatment of poetic forms. Through writing, they claimed equality with fellow authors and participated as equals beside the period's political leaders, debating about and commenting upon a wide array of concerns like the Glorious Revolution, the abolition of the slave trade, British military expansion, and religious and political liberties. This thesis argues that Behn, More ...


Hope Deferred: Mormon Feminism And Prospects For Change In The Lds Church, Holly Theresa Bignall Jan 2010

Hope Deferred: Mormon Feminism And Prospects For Change In The Lds Church, Holly Theresa Bignall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines how Mormon constructions of gender that limit women's sphere and narrowly prescribed women's roles have elicited strong resistance from many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. A rich tradition of feminist theology and activism exists within the LDS church, but little work has been done to analyze the overarching effectiveness of these feminist efforts in bringing about change in the tradition. In order to address this issue I begin by teasing out how the LDS church's process for making changes to doctrine, policy, and practice differs from the change process ...


The Experience Of Fatigue And Quality Of Life In Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer, Andrea Shaffer Jun 2009

The Experience Of Fatigue And Quality Of Life In Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer, Andrea Shaffer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fatigue is the most prevalent and distressing symptom experienced by patients with advanced lung cancer and especially among those patients undergoing therapy. Advanced lung cancer and its associated symptoms can significantly impact the quality of life (QOL) of those who have the disease. The primary purpose of this study was to measure fatigue levels, characterize the fatigue experience, and assess for gender differences in perceptions of fatigue and QOL in patients with advanced lung cancer receiving chemotherapy. The secondary purpose of the study was to examine practice patterns in the ambulatory setting regarding the routine assessment of fatigue. The study ...


A Case Study In Public K-12 Education: Hispanic Female (Latinas) School Administrators' Perceptions Of Their Role And Experiences As Principals Within Central Florida, Martha Santiago Jun 2009

A Case Study In Public K-12 Education: Hispanic Female (Latinas) School Administrators' Perceptions Of Their Role And Experiences As Principals Within Central Florida, Martha Santiago

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A gradual but significant change in America's demographic composition has occurred during the last few years. Millions of Hispanic students, many of them immigrants, have been absorbed in the nation's schools, turning public institutions into multiracial, multicultural, and to some degree, multilingual sites (Tallerico, 2001; Ferrandino, 2001). In light of the demographic changes and the important role of school leaders, how is the Hispanic principal in the K-12 public schools reflecting the growth of the Hispanic school population? This research studies perceptions the Hispanic female principal attached to their role and role expectations as a principal. This qualitative ...


Architectural Chastity Belts: The Window Motif As Instrument Of Discipline In Fifteenth-Century Italian Conduct Manuals And Art, Jennifer Megan Orendorf Jun 2009

Architectural Chastity Belts: The Window Motif As Instrument Of Discipline In Fifteenth-Century Italian Conduct Manuals And Art, Jennifer Megan Orendorf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As the Italian thirst for excellence and knowledge burgeoned throughout the Quattrocento, the genre of instructional literature responded accordingly to social demands. Offering advice on a wide range of experience from the quotidian to the extraordinary, from superstition to scientific, conduct manuals appealed to readers of all Italian social classes. Investigating the relationship between this body of literature and the lives of contemporary women, this paper will focus specifically on those manuals which prescribe behaviors for women, and will investigate the reception of these precepts and the extent in which these notions informed and transformed women's lives.

In order ...


Victorian Airbrushing: Cultural, Physical And Artistic Representations Of Upper-Class Women Of Then And Today, Katie Lisette Fuller Jan 2009

Victorian Airbrushing: Cultural, Physical And Artistic Representations Of Upper-Class Women Of Then And Today, Katie Lisette Fuller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Today's society, much like that of the Victorians, perpetuates the impossible standards of female beauty permeating the culture in music, art, entertainment, and fashion. The existence of a female beauty standard is not new; it persists today, just as heavily as in Victorian England more than a hundred years ago. The physical representation and image of the model Victorian woman seems pervasive during the era, appearing in art, literature, poetry, culture, and sociological studies. Just as before, the wealthy are those most likely to attain the standards of beauty--largely because wealthy or upper middle-class women possess the leisure time ...


Daughter Of The Moon And Other Stories, Shannon Zimmerman Jun 2008

Daughter Of The Moon And Other Stories, Shannon Zimmerman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

All of the protagonists in this collection of stories are starving. The world around them buzzes with the electric hum of modern society, a siren song that tempts these girls and women with the promise of love, opportunity, affluence, and dreams. Instead, they find themselves lost somehow, left behind, victims of circumstance, confused by dysfunctional families, and romanced by the media. They no longer know themselves, and stumble in their quest for happiness. They are lured into competitions with imaginary adversaries, and sometimes lose. The less control they have in their own lives, the more desperate they become, often going ...


Opportunities For Spiritual Awakening And Growth In Mothering, Melissa J. Albee Jun 2008

Opportunities For Spiritual Awakening And Growth In Mothering, Melissa J. Albee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My experiences as a mother have been enhanced by spirituality and my spirituality has been transformed through the practice of mothering. I will argue that part of the transformation available in mothering is that one can go from thinking of oneself as an individual with free will, self autonomy, and independence to believing maybe we are all more connected and dependent upon each other than we thought. I intend to explore my personal spiritual journey from an academic perspective in order to gain and share knowledge. Intense emotional experiences such as childbirth, learning how to take care of a person ...


Fashion Advertising, Men's Magazines, And Sex In Advertising: A Critical-Interpretive Study, Jennifer Ford Jun 2008

Fashion Advertising, Men's Magazines, And Sex In Advertising: A Critical-Interpretive Study, Jennifer Ford

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines sexualized portrayals of women in fashion advertising found in metro-sexual men's magazines as visual rhetoric. Historically, studies on sexual images of women in advertising have focused on content analyses of these images and how they affect women. This study asks how sexualized imagery of women functions rhetorically as part of a branding message designed to sell products. The exemplar advertisements were chosen specifically for their sexual imagery from an earlier study by the researcher on sexual images of women in fashion advertisements found in men's magazines. The messages interpreted within the visuals of this study ...


Effects Of A Body Image Manipulation On Smoking Motivation, Elena Nicole Lopez Khoury Jun 2008

Effects Of A Body Image Manipulation On Smoking Motivation, Elena Nicole Lopez Khoury

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Smoking is now the leading cause of preventable death and disease in women. Understanding women's motivations to smoke is important in developing effective cessation and relapse prevention programs. Previous descriptive, correlational, and quasi-experimental research has established that weight concerns and negative body image are associated with tobacco smoking, cessation, and relapse, particularly among young women. This study, building upon a previous experimental study (Lopez, Drobes, Thompson, & Brandon, 2008), examined whether activation of negative body image cognitions would produce greater urges to smoke and would affect actual smoking behavior. A randomized 2 X 2 crossed factorial, between-subjects design (body image ...


The Drowned Girl, Karen Brown Gonzalez Jun 2008

The Drowned Girl, Karen Brown Gonzalez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Drowned Girl is a novel-in-stories that depicts the lives of eight characters living in a small Connecticut town. This work is one told through varying perspectives. Characters are mothers and fathers, husbands and wives, daughters, sons, and lovers. Their lives intersect physically, and emotionally, and the separate stories reveal the facets and repercussions of events both past and present: the death of a son and brother in a car accident, the life and death of a notorious town figure, the past and tragic future of a young woman, Jules, whose body is found one spring in the Connecticut river ...


The Far Reaching Impact Of Transformative Learning: A Critical Ethnographic Case Study, Aline E. Harrison Jun 2008

The Far Reaching Impact Of Transformative Learning: A Critical Ethnographic Case Study, Aline E. Harrison

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This multiple case study focused on the lives and experiences of four women who participated in an adult literacy program. This case study approach used critical ethnography as an analytic tool employing grounded theory leading to the development of a substantive theory. In-depth, semi-structured interviews and researcher's reflective journal were employed to collect data for this study that critically examined the impact of the transformative process of its participants and its influence on their socio-cultural context. Results revealed that participants did not necessarily experience a disorienting dilemma as contended by Mezirow (1978, 1991, and 2000). Rather participants experienced a ...


Scissors Paper Rock, Barbara St. Clair Jun 2007

Scissors Paper Rock, Barbara St. Clair

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scissors Paper Rock is based on the true story of Amy Biel, a young and idealistic American woman who went to South Africa to support the political effort against Apartheid. She worked there as a volunteer organizer during a time of great political turmoil, and was days away from returning home to the United States, when she was violently killed in a riot. While Amy's death was not an accident--four men were found guilty for taking her life--it is certainly possible to think of her death as a tragedy. Amy's idealism and belief in her power to do ...


The Conundrum Of Women’S Studies As Institutional: New Niches, Undergraduate Concerns, And The Move Towards Contemporary Feminist Theory And Action, Rebecca K. Willman Mar 2007

The Conundrum Of Women’S Studies As Institutional: New Niches, Undergraduate Concerns, And The Move Towards Contemporary Feminist Theory And Action, Rebecca K. Willman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis I address current debates on the perceived lack of contemporary feminist activism and concerns of Women's Studies as existing within university institutions. I propose that Women's Studies programs and departments serve as locations useful for feminists interested in participating in feminist activism in and beyond the university. By viewing Women's Studies programs and departments as contemporary abeyance structures in feminist movements, I revisit the ways in which debates on differences between second and third wave feminisms have contributed to social change. In doing so, I highlight how the feminist movement maintains itself between upsurges ...