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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Seamless Knitted Sports Bra Design: A Responsive System Design Exploration, Adriana Carmen Gorea Jan 2017

Seamless Knitted Sports Bra Design: A Responsive System Design Exploration, Adriana Carmen Gorea

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The transition of sports bras’ uses, from an active lifestyle to resting activities, requires dynamic and adaptable comfort properties of the design, as well as adequate breast support, fit, and comfort. Thus, the two-fold purpose of this study was to: (a) analyze the use of current materials and processes in the product development process of seamless sports bras, via industry interview and observation, and (b) propose a design solution for a seamless sports bra that offers variable breast support during running versus resting activities.

Using a case study approach, an in-depth interview with a Santoni seamless knitting technician provided ...


The Fine Arts In Midwestern Community Colleges: Six Case Studies Portraying A Cross-Case Analysis Of Sustainability, Meghan Ruth Schumacker Jan 2017

The Fine Arts In Midwestern Community Colleges: Six Case Studies Portraying A Cross-Case Analysis Of Sustainability, Meghan Ruth Schumacker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The fine arts in Midwestern community colleges:

Six case studies portraying a cross-case analysis of sustainability

by

Meghan R. Schumacker

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the sustainability of the fine arts programs in community colleges. This dissertation research focused on the concept of sustainability in community college fine arts programs to uncover features that aid in the support of these programs. As posited by Hibnere (1998, as cited by Slahova et al., 2007), sustainable fine arts programs “promote the development of a creative, emotionally and intellectually educated personality and also give a personality the strength of ...


Public Perception Of Sustainable Interior Design Practices In Residential Settings, Stephanie Paula Wingate Jan 2014

Public Perception Of Sustainable Interior Design Practices In Residential Settings, Stephanie Paula Wingate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To better understand public perception of sustainable interior design practices in residential settings, two groups of seventy-five home improvement show attendees responded to a twenty question survey. The survey comprised of questions aimed at establishing attitudes about ecology, factors that influence sustainable design preferences and demographics. The ecology section utilized an abridged version of the New Ecological Paradigm Scale (Dunlap et al. Journal of Environmental Education, 9:10, 2000), which is a survey utilized to predict environmental world views. Items in the sustainable design section were chosen to reflect participants' opinions about sustainable design features in the home, along with ...


Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox Jan 2014

Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the steady increase in the market share of organic food over the last 30 years, some farmers have switched from "conventional" to "sustainable" agricultural practices in order to capitalize on those new markets. Are the practices the only things that need to change?

Building off of Warwick Fox's conception of "transpersonal ecology," transpersonal agroecology (TPAE) is the name given to a proposed alternative mindset of the farmer derived from various alternative agricultural theorists of the last 100 years. These writers oppose the scientism and economism that typify industrial agriculture, subscribe to the notion that experiences of "identification" between ...


Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She Jan 2013

Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineers make continuous effort to improve the sustainability of products, such as using sophisticated manufacturing approaches, conducting rigorous sustainability analysis, and including materials that decrease environmental impact. However, thoughtful sustainability efforts are sometimes hidden from customers, which are wasted sales features if customers do not know or value them. As green marketing messages are not always trusted, another approach is to communicate sustainability to the customer through the product's visible features. This research proposes and tests a newly-created design technique that helps product designers communicate sustainability in the products they design and, in turn, helps customers to think about ...


Climate, Neo-Spinozism, And The Ecological Worldview, Nancy M. Kettle Jan 2013

Climate, Neo-Spinozism, And The Ecological Worldview, Nancy M. Kettle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The global community faces ecological problems with the natural environment and cultural impediments to solving them. Natural systems are constantly changing and so are cultural practices. Humans need to address both: the interaction between those dynamic systems, the natural and cultural, because what happens in one system changes things in the other. The changes to the ecosystems are rapid and sometimes irreversible while dealing with them has been inadequate. Environmental movements, including deep ecology, have been at the forefront of the efforts to engage the public, various groups, politicians, and world governments to address environmental problems on a coordinated large ...


Rainwater Harvesting Storage Methods And Self Supply In Uganda, Jonathan Peter Blanchard Jan 2012

Rainwater Harvesting Storage Methods And Self Supply In Uganda, Jonathan Peter Blanchard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Self supply is an emerging approach to water supply which focuses on fostering household investment in incremental improvements to their water sources. When successful, it can lower costs and increase sustainability by offering users a larger share

of ownership in their own supply, and harnessing the already existing strengths of a community rather than trying to impose an external perspective. In addition to well upgrading and source protection, one of the key self supply areas is rainwater harvesting.

Uganda has a diverse selection of rainwater storage options, but many of them are scattered and disparate.

The objective of this study ...


Global Csr And Photographic Credibility: Exploring How International Companies Portray Efforts Through Photographs In Csr Reports, Janel Lynn Norton Jan 2012

Global Csr And Photographic Credibility: Exploring How International Companies Portray Efforts Through Photographs In Csr Reports, Janel Lynn Norton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We are living in the age of the visual. Imagery is an important element in constructing and deriving meaning through symbols, colors, and context. Images may hold persuasive power, be used as evidence, or simply provide a moment of beauty. Organizations rely on photographs to help them convey an image to their stakeholders within annual reports. Telling an organizations' story through photographs has become an intrinsic part of their efforts to convey sustainability. We live in the age of transparency, and organizations that construct an image that is not truthful will face consequences in today's socially connected and conscious ...


Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers Jan 2011

Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Biomimetics in Design

Biomimicry is an approach to design that extracts design inspiration and principles from natural systems and organisms. When effectively integrated into the design process, this approach can yield products and systems that offer a variety of potential economic and environmental benefits. The research presented here examines some strategies and methods that can assist designers with the successful incorporation of biomimetics into the design process. These include approaches to integrating biomimicry into the design process, strategies to improve the exploration and identification of biological sources of inspiration, and methods to assist with the productive application of biomimetics to ...


Fireproofing The Lawn: Reclaimed Water And Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers In Tampa Bay, Ryan C. Davis Jun 2010

Fireproofing The Lawn: Reclaimed Water And Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers In Tampa Bay, Ryan C. Davis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Reclaimed water has increased in popularity as a means to recycle water and thus decrease the amount of wasteful water use. This process is widely used in Tampa Bay for watering of lawns. This increase in popularity and use has raised questions as to what contaminants are in the reclaimed water. The purpose of this study was to analyze reclaimed water for contaminants believed to be detrimental to health and conduct interviews to ascertain perceptions of risk in the local population. As water reuse grows in popularity further research will need to be conducted to address potential human health concerns ...


Exergy Modeling To Compare Engineered Products To Biological Systems For Sustainable Design, Richard D. Stokes Jun 2010

Exergy Modeling To Compare Engineered Products To Biological Systems For Sustainable Design, Richard D. Stokes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An ambitious and novel approach to engineering design and sustainability has been taken to explore the potential of drawing parallels between mechanical and biological systems for the possible development of sustainable engineering design metrics using a thermodynamic model. This approach looks to biology. Natural selection has given biological beings and processes high exergetic efficiencies, even while being only 30-40% energy efficient on the cell level. This energy inefficiency, resulting in a release of heat, can then be used to aid in driving other biochemical processes. The Gibbs free energy becomes more negative proportionally with an increase in temperature, resulting in ...


Architectural Symbiosis, Tim Kimball Jun 2010

Architectural Symbiosis, Tim Kimball

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The world is facing two fundamental problems. The first problem is a rapidly increasing demand for energy. The second problem is increasing greenhouse gas emissions that are directly resulting from our energy consumption. The primary greenhouse gas in question here is carbon dioxide produced from the burning of fossil fuels. It has been demonstrated through scientific articles and studies that carbon dioxide is directly linked to rising atmospheric temperatures. Buildings represent a significant percentage of this CO2 production. Many architectural theses and treatises have been written advocating architecture that is more energy efficient and which uses sustainable materials and processes ...


Modularity: The Solution For Green Tradeshow Exhibit Designs, Purnima Swaharu Jan 2010

Modularity: The Solution For Green Tradeshow Exhibit Designs, Purnima Swaharu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Modular tradeshow exhibit design systems were originally designed as an economical solution and were marketed for their features such as easy shipping and handling, easy set-up and a potential for reconfiguration of the components. This potential for reconfiguration is underutilized in the current modular systems, due to difficulty in understanding how to use and re-use the system components. Though modularity is considered as a sustainable measure in allied fields of architecture, industrial design etc, in the tradeshow design field the topic of the sustainable or "green" design seem to be limited to material selection, recycling or conserving energy. This study ...


Evaluation Of A Self-Monitoring Program To Increase Treatment Integrity Of Behavior Intervention Plans, Lela E. Taylor Jun 2009

Evaluation Of A Self-Monitoring Program To Increase Treatment Integrity Of Behavior Intervention Plans, Lela E. Taylor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The growing number of school-aged children displaying challenging behavior has increased the need for effective interventions. School-based consultants (SBC) report using behavioral consultation to assist teachers in designing behavior intervention plans (BIP) that help students engage in appropriate behavior in the classroom. Research indicates that direct training methods increase teacher's implementation of the BIP. One commonly used direct training method, performance feedback (PF), is used to assess teachers' treatment integrity. Research also indicates that checklists (non-direct measures) are more cost efficient methods. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate a direct training method used to train teachers to ...


Aquatecture: Architectural Adaptation To Rising Sea Levels, Erica Williams Jun 2009

Aquatecture: Architectural Adaptation To Rising Sea Levels, Erica Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Our world is drastically changing. Temperatures are rising, skies over cities are blanketed with smoke, and melting glaciers are raising sea levels at alarming rates. Although the destruction we face is already threatening the quality of life for billions around the world, it could just be the beginning. What is projected to come in the future could be catastrophic. It is crucial to realize that climate change is already happening. One of the main concerns relating to climate change is that as the polar ice caps continue to melt, rising water will invade our coastal cities around the world. In ...


Reducing Sediment And Bacterial Contamination In Water Using Mucilage Extracted From The Opuntia Ficus-Indica Cactus, Audrey Lynn Buttice Jun 2009

Reducing Sediment And Bacterial Contamination In Water Using Mucilage Extracted From The Opuntia Ficus-Indica Cactus, Audrey Lynn Buttice

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the past decade an increased amount of attention has been drawn to the water contamination problems that affect the world. As a result, a variety of purification methods targeted at communities in developing countries have surfaced and, although all have contributed to the effort of improving water quality, few have been accepted and sustained for long term usage. Case studies indicate that the most beneficial methods are those which use indigenous resources, as they are both abundant and readily accepted by the communities. In an attempt to make a contribution to the search for water purification methods that can ...


Sustainable Design Analysis Of Waterjet Cutting Through Exergy/Energy And Lca Analysis, Matthew Johnson Jun 2009

Sustainable Design Analysis Of Waterjet Cutting Through Exergy/Energy And Lca Analysis, Matthew Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A broad scope analysis of waterjet cutting systems has been developed using thermodynamics, life cycle analysis, and biological system comparison. The typical assessments associated with mechanical design include measures for performance and thermodynamic efficiency. Further analysis has been conducted using exergy, which is not typically incorporated into design practices. Exergy measures the effectiveness of a process with respect to a base state, usually that of the systems surroundings. Comparing Gibbs free energy of biological processes to exergy efficiency has served to illustrate the need for various levels of comparison. Each biological process used in this comparison correlates to a different ...


Framework For Self Sustaining Eco-Village, Eric Holtgard Jun 2009

Framework For Self Sustaining Eco-Village, Eric Holtgard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Why are modern American cities fundamentally dependant on outsourced resources and dirty power? Why can't modern cities support themselves and their inhabitants without relying on resources from half way across the world? Even within the city itself, community neighborhoods are disconnected and bisected by massive expanses of life endangering highways. Why can't we wake up and open our eyes to the urban reality we are creating for future generations. Future cities must look past immediate gain and focus on long term sustainability rather than compiling L.E.E.D. points or making a selfish profit. Sustainable Infrastructure is ...


Perspectives On Reclaimed Water Among Urban Residents In Tampa, Florida, Jonathan Max Bloch Jun 2009

Perspectives On Reclaimed Water Among Urban Residents In Tampa, Florida, Jonathan Max Bloch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Increasing urbanization coupled with increased domestic and industrial uses of water has made water conservation an important aspect of environmental management. Reclamation of wastewater is one way in which such conservation can proceed, and the aim of this thesis is to provide a case study about the perspectives of residents and officials involved in the use of reclaimed water in an urban development in Tampa, Florida. Using semi-structured interviews, it seeks to understand the range of opinions on the safety of reclaimed water, its potential prospects as an alternative drinking water supply, and its contribution to the sustainable use of ...


Urban Eco-Filter: Introducing New Lungs To The City Of Beijing, Carlos Gil Jun 2009

Urban Eco-Filter: Introducing New Lungs To The City Of Beijing, Carlos Gil

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It is evident that several cities in China have experienced a variety of global impacts. Beijing for instance, has become synonymous with mass-migration over the years. The immense scale of projected rural migration, the unmanageable intervention of new housing urban developments, and the high levels of air pollution in Beijing have become a global dilemma. In order to alleviate Beijing's critical ecological conditions, the introduction of "new lungs", as an urban environmental design to the city should be examined. This thesis project illustrates how urban productive landscape and bike infrastructure can be essential in urban development through the implementation ...


A Greener Vertical Habitat: Creating A Naturally Cohesive Sense Of Community In A Vertical Multi-Family Housing Structure, Justin Onorati Jun 2009

A Greener Vertical Habitat: Creating A Naturally Cohesive Sense Of Community In A Vertical Multi-Family Housing Structure, Justin Onorati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout multiple dense, tropical, urban contexts, high rise residential environments have created a sense of social detachment, where public and private green spaces do not often exist. It is through these varieties of green spaces that social interaction is encouraged, and without these social activities taking place, this vertical community becomes almost a meaningless entity within the urban realm. The issue being addressed within this thesis is the scarcity of public and private green spaces within our high density tropical urban fabrics that help to create a sense of community. The majority of dense urban settings that we inhabit today ...


Cooper-Hewitt Museum Of Design And Technology (C-Hmd+T): Biomimetic Architecture As Part Of Nature, Isabel Marisa Corsino Carro Jan 2009

Cooper-Hewitt Museum Of Design And Technology (C-Hmd+T): Biomimetic Architecture As Part Of Nature, Isabel Marisa Corsino Carro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

If architects are to create a sustainable world, one in which we are accountable to the needs of all future generations and living creatures, we must recognize that our present form of designing buildings is deeply flawed. Being the number one cause of emission gases, building design needs to be revolutionized to be able to surpass such climatic changes and finally harmonize with nature. To create a sustainable future and solve the global warming crisis, architects need to incorporate nature within design through the process known as biomimicry. Janine Benyus, the author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, stressed how ...


High-Rise Neighborhood: Rethinking Community In The Residential Tower, Benjamin Hurlbut Jun 2008

High-Rise Neighborhood: Rethinking Community In The Residential Tower, Benjamin Hurlbut

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within the United States, a growing sense of detachment exists. Conditions in both urban and suburban contexts have created a sense of social detachment where spaces do not exist which encourage social interaction. Without this social activity, neighbors become almost a disposable commodity as relationships never fully develop. This thesis will be an examination of environments which do and do not foster community relationships and an implementation of community into an urban multi-family residence. A major part of the problem is the recent move to the suburbs, but urban buildings also exhibit a lack of spaces which help encourage a ...


Responsibility And Practice In Notions Of Corporate Social Responsibility, Denise Kleinrichert Jun 2007

Responsibility And Practice In Notions Of Corporate Social Responsibility, Denise Kleinrichert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This treatise presents a transcendental argument for corporate social responsibility. The argument is that corporate social responsibility, or CSR, is best understood as a collective moral practice that is a precondition for sustainable business. There are a number of theories and definitions of CSR in the contemporary business literature. These theories include considerations of economic, legal, social, and environmental notions of what a corporation ought to take responsibility for based on either motives or concerns of accountability for corporate acts. This work focuses on economic theories. I analyze the distinction between the technical terms "responsibility" and "accountability" found in these ...


The Mucilage Of Opuntia Ficus Indica: A Natural, Sustainable, And Viable Water Treatment Technology For Use In Rural Mexico For Reducing Turbidity And Arsenic Contamination In Drinking Water, Kevin Andrew Young Apr 2006

The Mucilage Of Opuntia Ficus Indica: A Natural, Sustainable, And Viable Water Treatment Technology For Use In Rural Mexico For Reducing Turbidity And Arsenic Contamination In Drinking Water, Kevin Andrew Young

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of natural environmentally benign agents in the treatment of drinking water is rapidly gaining interest due to their inherently renewable character and low toxicity. We show that the common Mexican cactus produces a gum-like substance, cactus mucilage, which shows excellent flocculating abilities and is an economically viable alternative for low-income communities. Cactus mucilage is a neutral mixture of approximately 55 high-molecular weight sugar residues composed basically of arabinose, galactose, rhamnose, xylose, and galacturonic acid. We show how this natural product was characterized for its use as a flocculating agent. Our results show the mucilage efficiency for reducing arsenic ...