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Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody Jan 2018

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cortisol patterns differ across both socioeconomic status and racial minority groups. Yet, whether the underlying constructs that are used to measure socioeconomic status impacts the output of cortisol differentially across racial groups is unclear. Using a secondary data analysis from the Parents Who Care longitudinal study, which integrated the biomarker cortisol as youth entered emerging adulthood, the goal of this thesis is to parse apart the common conflation of income and education into a single catchall variable.

The following data was collected in 2 waves from a group of youth who were (M=20.24; R=18.51-22.89) years ...


Measuring Up: Standardized Testing And The Making Of Postwar American Identities, 1940-2001, Keegan J. Shepherd Oct 2017

Measuring Up: Standardized Testing And The Making Of Postwar American Identities, 1940-2001, Keegan J. Shepherd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Standardized testing is a defining feature of contemporary American society. It not only governs how people are channeled through their schooling; it amplifies existing social disparities. Nonetheless, standardized testing endures, namely because it has served as a vital tool for the post-1945 American state. The postwar state prioritized, on the one hand, the cultivation of intellects resilient enough to sustain American geopolitical supremacy through scientific discovery and technological innovation and, on the other hand, the maintenance of an obedient population that would not disrupt existing social hierarchies. Standardized testing helped the postwar state solve this mind-body dilemma. As a function ...


Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma Jan 2016

Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many factors, such as lack of time, access to technology resources, and professional development, have been indicated as barriers to technology integration in teaching. One possible way to support teachers as they integrate technology into their instruction is through professional learning communities . The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how teachers experienced a Professional Learning Community (PLC) focused on integrating technology into literacy instruction. In this study, the PLC framework was situated as the means for teacher learning and planning. As such, it provided opportunities for teachers to learn from one another as well as share their ...


A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour Jan 2016

A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Progress and change are important to improving old processes and educational

methods are not an exception to these facts of life. Numerous studies have been conducted on different learning styles and methods individuals use to transfer what they learn to new

situations. However, most of these studies do not reflect on what this research means for

designers, specifically graphic designers. Graphic designers play many roles as problem solvers, critical thinkers, and creative strategists. Generally speaking, success in graphic design is measured by the strength of a solution’s creativity. When a solution is creative it tends to address the need ...


An Examination Of Teachers' Planning Processes As They Seek To Integrate Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Lindsay Woodward Jan 2016

An Examination Of Teachers' Planning Processes As They Seek To Integrate Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Lindsay Woodward

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the processes used by literacy teachers when planning to integrate technology into their instruction and the usefulness of the Technology Integration Planning Cycle (TIPC; Hutchison & Woodward, 2014a) for framing teachers’ planning processes. Three participants from a larger technology integration project completed a think-aloud session as they planned an upcoming literacy lesson in which they anticipated using technology. This study was designed as a think-aloud study (Pressley & Afflerbach, 1995; Cho & Woodward, 2014) with extensive complementary data (Cho, 2014; Coiro & Dobler, 2007; Zhang & Duke, 2011). In addition to concurrent and retrospective verbal protocols, data sources included: interviews, surveys and questionnaires, observations, and documents and photos. Analysis of data collected from these sources was conducted in two cycles, open-ended coding (Corbin & Strauss, 2008) then hypothesis coding (Saldaña, 2016). Findings indicated that participants utilized pedagogical content knowledge and technological pedagogical content knowledge in different ways when planning. Notably, misunderstandings about content knowledge may be ...


Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr. Jan 2015

Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This theoretical research project examines research and literature utilizing different critical lenses to assist in promoting alternative ethnoracial understandings of Latin@ness in the context of higher education. This dissertation sought to problematize and complement how Latin@ student identity development theory and Latin@ Critical Theory are framed and used, and fuses different theoretical bodies of scholarly work to help reveal gaps in current literature that fill a significant void in, and complement current literature on Latin@ identity and culture. This project consist of varying conversations between Latin@ cultural formation, Latin@ oriented theoretical lenses, postcolonialism, antiracism, whiteness and higher education, to ...


Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp Jan 2015

Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children and adolescents are faced with a growing number of life’s challenges. Oftentimes, it becomes the responsibility of teachers to assist students in coping with these frequently non-academic issues. Bibliotherapy is one instructional tool teachers can use to help children and adolescents cope with their diverse needs and life’s challenges. In the context of K-12 settings, bibliotherapy is a systematic process utilizing books to transform traditional reading into an instructional strategy to assist educators in meeting the needs of all students. For bibliotherapy to be effective, educators need knowledge of the recommended procedures and understanding of how to ...


Interpretations Of Educational Experiences Of Women In Chitral, Pakistan, Rakshinda Shah Jan 2015

Interpretations Of Educational Experiences Of Women In Chitral, Pakistan, Rakshinda Shah

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This feminist oral history project records, interprets, and analyzes the educational experiences of seven Ismaili college women in Chitral, Pakistan. Chitral is a part of the world where educating girls and women is not a priority. Yet in the scarce literature available one can observe an increase in the literacy rates, especially amongst the Ismaili Muslims in the North of Chitral District. This thesis introduces students' accounts of their personal educational journeys. I argue that the students' accounts exemplify third space feminism. They negotiate contradictions and social invisibility in their daily lives in quiet activism that shadows but changes the ...


Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain Jan 2014

Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the experiences of African American female community college students who stop out, and interpret how their gender and race have influenced these lived experiences. Based on the research questions, a constructivist, narrative analysis was used to capture the experiences of the participants of this study as well as analyze the environment of their personal lives as the institution in which they have all attended.

A total of six participants were interviewed. Three semi-structured interviews were held to provide a clear understanding of each participant's experiences. When combined and analyzed, the narratives ...


Enlightenment On The Margins: The Catholic Enlightenment As Reflected In Ludovico Antonio Muratori's Il Cristianesimo Felice Nelle Missioni De' Padri Della Compagnia Di Gesù Nel Paraguai, Joshua Edward Britt Jan 2014

Enlightenment On The Margins: The Catholic Enlightenment As Reflected In Ludovico Antonio Muratori's Il Cristianesimo Felice Nelle Missioni De' Padri Della Compagnia Di Gesù Nel Paraguai, Joshua Edward Britt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research analyzes the way in which Ludovico Antonio Muratori portrayed marginal peoples of the New World in his Il Cristianesimo Felice nelle Missioni De' Padri della Compagnia di Gesù nel Paraguai, published in 1743. I argue that Muratori used his portrayal of the native people of Paraguay as a means to express his ideas of how to reform the Catholic Church, at a time when Catholicism was just experiencing the first waves of enlightened influence from the north. I engage with scholarship on the Enlightenment that has addressed specifically the cultural impact of what has been called the Catholic ...


"What To Do With Our Girls": Prescriptive Literature And The Girl Problem In The Rural Midwest, 1865-1900, Rachel Erin Kleinschmidt Jan 2013

"What To Do With Our Girls": Prescriptive Literature And The Girl Problem In The Rural Midwest, 1865-1900, Rachel Erin Kleinschmidt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For women of the Midwest in the late nineteenth century, the teenage and young adult years provided opportunities for women to explore options for work, education, socializing, and marriage, but within the strictly controlled boundaries of the lifestyle of farm daughter and helper. The prevalence of teaching jobs in rural schools, as well as opportunities for socialization, such as church, temperance societies, and other community activities, provided a range of activities acceptable for young women to partake. Social prescriptions and parental guidance influenced the expectations of how a young woman should act, yet these women worked within and without of ...


Valanced Voices: Student Experiences With Learning Disabilities & Differences, Zoe Dupree Fine Jan 2012

Valanced Voices: Student Experiences With Learning Disabilities & Differences, Zoe Dupree Fine

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This feminist oral history project located at the intersections of disability, feminist, body politics, and educational theory presents an analysis of three individual student narratives about their experiences with learning disabilities and learning differences (LD/Ds) at the high school and university levels. This thesis introduces students' accounts of their daily lives, pasts, personal views, experiences, and memories about having learning disabilities and learning differences into the existing scholarship on LDs and reveals how students' narrated experiences might shed light on the ways in which education might be reformed to better meet the needs of students like them. In response ...


Hospice Nurses- Attitudes And Knowledge About Pain Management, Amie Jacqueline Miller Jan 2012

Hospice Nurses- Attitudes And Knowledge About Pain Management, Amie Jacqueline Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It has been well established that many people will suffer with pain at the end of life, and untreated pain contributes to reduced quality of life. Many barriers contribute to this issue including a lack of knowledge in nurses who care for dying patients. Many nurses in general practice settings do not possess adequate knowledge about basic pain management principles; and the same may be true about hospice nurses despite the assumption that hospice nurses are more adept at pain management. Contributing to this problem may be the attitudes that nurses, including hospice nurses, have regarding pain and its management ...


It's A Support Club, Not A Sex Club: Narration Strategies And Discourse Coalitions In High School Gay-Straight Alliance Club Controversies, Skyler Lauderdale Jan 2012

It's A Support Club, Not A Sex Club: Narration Strategies And Discourse Coalitions In High School Gay-Straight Alliance Club Controversies, Skyler Lauderdale

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

School reform efforts, such as those to form high school gay-straight alliance clubs (GSAs), are often met with resistance by school personnel and local community members. Using a sample of newspaper articles related to school reform GSA controversies in two Southern states (N=83) drawn from an initial sampling frame of GSA controversies receiving newspaper coverage between January 2006 and August 2011 (N=631), I use narrative analysis-- including a discourse coalitions approach--to identify common themes of resistance in the narration of characters, plot, setting, and morals which GSA members and allies must overcome to successfully form GSAs. Substantively, I ...


Autism Spectrum Disorders (Asd): Knowledge, Training, Roles And Responsibilities Of School Psychologists, Stacey Small Jan 2012

Autism Spectrum Disorders (Asd): Knowledge, Training, Roles And Responsibilities Of School Psychologists, Stacey Small

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has increased over the years and therefore it seems inevitable that school psychologists will encounter these students as part of their roles in assessment, consultation, and/or intervention. There are a multitude of articles and books on the signs and symptoms of ASD, as well as suggestions for assessment and intervention, but there are no published data related to school psychologists' knowledge, training, and roles and responsibilities for students with ASD. Therefore, the current study sought to inform the field of school psychology with respect to these issues. One hundred members ...


Using Medieval Literature To Teach Introductory Composition In The Community College Setting, David Vernon Martin Jan 2011

Using Medieval Literature To Teach Introductory Composition In The Community College Setting, David Vernon Martin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educators of community college composition courses face the challenge of teaching a difficult subject which is constantly evolving to a diverse student demographic. The idiosyncrasies of medieval literature make it a viable option for successfully accomplishing the goals of such a classroom while maintaining interest among students. The first section of the essay explores how medieval literature can help in teaching successful writing abilities such as organzation, audience analysis, and source usage. The second section considers student motivation and connection to the literature, including linguistic parallels between past and present, timeless thematic concerns, and diversity among the literature and the ...


Perceptions By Heartland Educational Consortium (H.E.C.) Elementary Title I School Principals And Assistant Principals: Data Use In Their Role As Achievement-Related Decision Makers, Sherri Albritton Jan 2011

Perceptions By Heartland Educational Consortium (H.E.C.) Elementary Title I School Principals And Assistant Principals: Data Use In Their Role As Achievement-Related Decision Makers, Sherri Albritton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the age of accountability and assessment, there is a need to ensure that data provided regarding student achievement can be effectively and appropriately utilized by school site administrators in a systematic way to improve student achievement.

This study identified Heartland Educational Consortium Title I principals' and assistant principals' perceptions of their use of data as decision-makers in raising student achievement, with primary emphasis on Florida's Differentiated Accountability Model.

Quantitative results revealed statistically significant differences in data use by administrators. Use of data by administrators for professional development was statistically significantly different from school improvement, leadership, or data skills ...


Hiv Education For Youth In Transition To Adulthood, Peter Eugene Gamache Jan 2011

Hiv Education For Youth In Transition To Adulthood, Peter Eugene Gamache

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigated the role of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) stigma in program implementation. A case study design comprising qualitative methods provided in-depth, context-sensitive comparisons of adult educator (n = 8) and youth (n = 67) perspectives among programs that provide HIV services and those that provide risk reduction services. Nearly half of the youth participants were male, 42% were female, and 6% identified as transgender. Two thirds of participants were Black or African American, one quarter of participants were Hispanic or Latino, and the average participant age was 19. Although program personnel from all youth service programs in this study are ...


An Examination Of Demographic Variables And Their Relationships With Perceived Stress Among Caregivers Beginning A Parent Training Program, Amy Heath Patenaude Jan 2011

An Examination Of Demographic Variables And Their Relationships With Perceived Stress Among Caregivers Beginning A Parent Training Program, Amy Heath Patenaude

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate how levels of stress among caregivers beginning a behavioral parent training program are related to caregiver and child variables. Research questions were answered using archival data collected from 474 caregivers who participated in HOT DOCS, a behavioral parent training program, between January 2009 through July 2010. The three objectives of the study were to (a) examine caregivers' perceived stress in relation to caregiver demographic variables (i.e., gender, marital status, level of education); (b) examine caregivers' perceived stress in relation to child demographic variables (i.e., levels of externalizing and internalizing behavior ...


Exploring Evaluation In School Districts: School District Evaluators And Their Practice, Susan Hibbard Dec 2010

Exploring Evaluation In School Districts: School District Evaluators And Their Practice, Susan Hibbard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the evaluation practices of internal evaluators in public school districts in a large southern state. The individuals who conduct evaluations in school districts as internal evaluators were identified and background information was collected. The education and training in evaluation was investigated and the types of evaluations typically conducted by those individuals. Respondents (n = 134) revealed conducting evaluations was a secondary role and part of their main job responsibilities. The types of evaluations carried out and the way in which evaluation was practices were revealed. A descriptive framework of the individuals who conduct evaluations in school districts and ...


Dewey's Pragmatism And The Great Community, Philip Schuyler Bishop Dec 2010

Dewey's Pragmatism And The Great Community, Philip Schuyler Bishop

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In investigating Dewey’s theory of the Great community, it is important to first examine closely Dewey’s theory of scientific inquiry and show how it evades the spectator theory of knowledge common to all modern epistemologies as closed systems. Dewey maintained that through controlled experimentalism we engage, and can solve, existential issues facing us for the purpose of expanding human freedom, promoting the democratic way of life and cultivating the institutions which foster these activities. The usage of inquiry to overcome problematic situations therefore stands as one of the first conditions needed to attain the great community.

Since Dewey ...


African American Athletes And The Negotiation Of Public Spaces: An Examination Of Athletic Capital And African American Perceptions Of Success, Keona Lewis Dec 2010

African American Athletes And The Negotiation Of Public Spaces: An Examination Of Athletic Capital And African American Perceptions Of Success, Keona Lewis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the culture of sport among African American male football players as well as African American perspectives on sport and success. A case study of six African American, Division 1 FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision) collegiate student athletes was conducted along with seventeen supplemental interviews with community members, parents, coaches and former athletes and fans. The participants answered questions that explored education, success, identity construction, ethnicity and sport. Archival data was also reviewed framing the discussion on football in Florida, links between education and sport participation and African American male academic achievement. While many perspectives varied, there were collective ...


Migration, Education, And Health Policy: A Closer Look Into The Reasons Behind Poor Health Outcomes In Rural Ecuador, Lauren Harris Nov 2010

Migration, Education, And Health Policy: A Closer Look Into The Reasons Behind Poor Health Outcomes In Rural Ecuador, Lauren Harris

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite an increase in the number of Ecuadorian medical professionals, health

outcomes in rural areas of the country have steadily declined over the

past decade. Using a political economic framework and data collected

from interviews with Ecuadorian doctors, government officials, policy makers, and

local rural populations, this thesis investigates how the interplay

among medical migration, educational structures, and public health

policy contributes to growing health disparities between urban and rural dwellers.

Addressing each of these factors both individually and collectively, this thesis also

outlines a series of policy recommendations that will allow the Ecuadorian

healthcare system to better meet the ...


Teacher Attitudes, Perceived Influences, And Self-Reported Classroom Behaviors Related To School Nutrition Environments, Beverly Lawler Girard Nov 2010

Teacher Attitudes, Perceived Influences, And Self-Reported Classroom Behaviors Related To School Nutrition Environments, Beverly Lawler Girard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study determined attitudes of kindergarten through fifth grade teachers about school nutrition environments, their perceived influence on school nutrition environments, and self-reported classroom behaviors. Specific objectives were to: (a) identify perceived factors that influence the school nutrition environment, according to teachers surveyed; (b) examine relationships between elementary school teacher attitudes about school nutrition environments and perceived influence on the environment; (c) examine relationships between elementary school teachers’ attitudes about school nutrition environments, and self-reported classroom behaviors; (d) examine relationships between perceived influence over the school nutrition environment and self-reported classroom behaviors; and, (e) examine relationships between teachers’ demographic characteristics ...


A Case Study Of The Significant Events And Legal Parameters Surrounding Charter School Movement At The State And Federal Level, Monica L. Ilse Sep 2010

A Case Study Of The Significant Events And Legal Parameters Surrounding Charter School Movement At The State And Federal Level, Monica L. Ilse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

All states have different perspectives and various statutes within broader

constitutional law. Perception of public dissatisfaction with public schools has led to

choice schooling options for parents. One of the fastest growing choice options in

schooling is charter schools; schools privately run by organizations through public funds.

This study analyzes the governance of charter schools and how charters operate under

legal guidelines and Florida statutes, with significant legislative events cited.

This study answers the following questions as they relate to evolution and legal

parameters surrounding the charter movement using exploratory case study method:

1) What is the evolution of the ...


Play: A Process-Driven Study Of Design Discovery, Kuebler Wilson Perry Jun 2010

Play: A Process-Driven Study Of Design Discovery, Kuebler Wilson Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Frequently, in architecture and in other professions, a results-oriented approach to design truncates the creative process. Architecture is a man-made intervention, ultimately involving a fair bit of destruction in order to eventually arrive in a state of hopefully coherent grace in the lives of its users and the built or natural context (Clark 2000, 10). It is unacceptable to proceed hastily into such complex territory-without a degree of rigor and process-driven creativity commensurate with the gravity of creating large scale, reality-altering, life-affecting structures. A process-driven inquiry requires many hours of experiment, revision, and meandering about that may initially have no ...


Asian Indian Mothers' Involvement In Their Children's Schooling: An Analysis Of Social And Cultural Capital, Susan Chanderbhan-Forde Jun 2010

Asian Indian Mothers' Involvement In Their Children's Schooling: An Analysis Of Social And Cultural Capital, Susan Chanderbhan-Forde

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study utilized concepts drawn from the theories advanced by Coleman (1988) and Pierre Bourdieu (1987) to examine the extent to which Asian Indian mothers utilize embodied cultural capital and social capital (specifically social norms and social networks) in their engagement in their children's education. Using interviews with 12 Asian Indian mothers whose children were enrolled in a large urban school district in West Central Florida, the study examined their beliefs about the value of education, the origin of those beliefs, their roles in their children's education, family and community norms surrounding education, and how they utilized ...


A Philosophical Inquiry On The Valuation And Selection Of Musical Materials For Culturally Diverse Learners In Global Environments, Jonathan Bassett Jun 2010

A Philosophical Inquiry On The Valuation And Selection Of Musical Materials For Culturally Diverse Learners In Global Environments, Jonathan Bassett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The selection of musical materials for use in the classroom is problematic. Since music educators have limited time with students, the inclusion of musical materials necessitates the perceived exclusion of other musical materials. This perception is due in part to the increasing diversity of students represented in the classroom, the cultural labeling of musical materials, the influence of multiculturalism on music education, and the influence of the Western aesthetic in music education. Since diverse groups can and do propose socially perceived valuations of these materials as critical for the inclusion of specific musical materials for use in the classroom, this ...


Visionary Of Control: The Efficiency, Expertise, And Exclusion Of Alexander James Inglis, Heidi Tilney Kramer Jun 2010

Visionary Of Control: The Efficiency, Expertise, And Exclusion Of Alexander James Inglis, Heidi Tilney Kramer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alexander James Inglis was the key contributor to changes enacted in education during the Progressive era. He instituted an administrative and curricular hierarchy in order to create social organization during a chaotic time in American history, thus advancing professionalism in teaching and systematizing a future workforce - teaching previously had no standards, and throngs of immigrants overwhelmed the school system. While necessary at the time, this system of centralization, homogenization, and sorting continues to result in exclusion in secondary education and middle schools. Categorization is Inglis' hallmark in his work in education, following Frederick W. Taylor's managerial practices, and he ...


A Comparative Study Of Knowledge Of Pain Management In Certified And Non-Certified Oncology Nurses, Sherrie A. Lalande Jun 2010

A Comparative Study Of Knowledge Of Pain Management In Certified And Non-Certified Oncology Nurses, Sherrie A. Lalande

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over 1.4 million people are diagnosed with cancer annually. Of those people, 70-90% experience some form of pain. Numerous efforts have been made to educate nurses in the management of pain, yet 30-50% of cancer patients report that their pain is poorly managed. It is not clear whether nurses who obtain certification in Oncology are better equipped to manage this patient population regarding their pain issues. This study compared the knowledge of Oncology Certified Nurses (OCN) and Non-Certified Oncology Nurses (NCON) regarding pain management. The sample of 41 oncology nurses included 19 who were certified in oncology and 22 ...