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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy Jan 2017

#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Calling attention to the issue of nitrate pollution in Iowa’s waterways as a result of current agricultural practices, my goal was to initiate a dialogue on social media prompted by guerrilla tactics. The issue of nitrate pollution has been steadily increasing over the past decade as a result of Iowa’s lack of environmental mandates to maintain and monitor nitrate leeching from the soil into the watersheds. In 2015, this issue initiated a lawsuit by the Des Moines Water Works against three northern farming counties, citing runoff into ditches that feed into the Raccoon River as source points of ...


A High-Fidelity Approach To Conceptual Design, John Thomas Watson Jan 2016

A High-Fidelity Approach To Conceptual Design, John Thomas Watson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We created a new methodology to perform conceptual design analysis on aircraft, using off-the-shelf, high-fidelity software tools to explore the project design space, including important preliminary design factors and thereby producing a more robust result which is less subject to compromise at later design stages. We claim that this analysis can be performed in one hour with commonly available computation resources, and therefore is applicable to conceptual design. We used the case study of a supersonic transport jet to develop these methods. For this application, we used Solidworks to create a parameterized three-dimensional CAD solid to define the exterior geometry ...


20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio Jan 2016

20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The intersection of sound and design is an exciting and complex space for artistic experimentation and research. My approach for this work was to design, write, record and mix seven podcast episodes that narrate my analysis and interpretation of how we listen to sounds and interpret their meaning. Each episode is dedicated to one topic, and presents multiple sound samples that illustrate my take on the subject. The episodes cover the basics of listening, how sound conveys information about objects in environments and how soundscapes are ubiquitous. They include how the music, sounds and noises in film convey meaning, represent ...


Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes Jan 2016

Tokens Of Kindness: Explorations In Design As A Bridge For Societal Gaps, Calee Himes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Graphic design has long been considered a profession for people interested in creating glossy magazines, posters, and other ephemera. Can graphic design do more for society? Through analysis of social design, wicked problems, and gift economies, this study aims to begin to understand graphic design as a method to bridge societal gaps. This study uses principles of social design, behavior change theory, and immersive community research to experiment within the local communities of Ames and Des Moines, Iowa. Several experimental methods are explored, such as the use of design to create pockets of kind acts through a pseudo-gift economy, and ...


Website Gender Perceptions: Effects And Recommendations For Gender Inclusivity, Jacklin Hope Stonewall Jan 2016

Website Gender Perceptions: Effects And Recommendations For Gender Inclusivity, Jacklin Hope Stonewall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the interactions of design elements and perceptions of a website’s gender as well as the effects of perceived gender on aspects of user experience. Designing for a particular gender is common in both product and web design, but in many situations is exclusionary. While imparting gender onto a product is often intentional, gender bias in websites largely is not. The unintentional gender bias in websites is created through a combination of internalized biases, biased tools, and culture. This work lays the foundation for understanding how websites become gendered as well as the effects of gendering on ...


Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen Jan 2015

Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper aims to identify the criteria of effective movie title sequence design. The research method is to generalize views common to different senior title designers and practitioners with regard to the criteria of effective movie title sequence design and then use these criteria to evaluate top box office Chinese domestic movies. The paper also analyzes problems of present Chinese domestic movie title sequence design and provides suggestions for improving them.

An effective movie title sequence needs to set the mood and anticipations to the audience. Additionally, it must have the following characteristics: (1) It must express the story in ...


Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty Jan 2015

Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We live in a world where technology is woven into nearly every aspect of our

lives. From the moment we wake, we are surrounded by technology. Technology is

present in our homes, careers and schools, incorporating itself in our daily routines,

entertainment and education. Due to the speed at which technology has evolved, little

research has been completed regarding reading on interactive enhanced eBooks. For

children learning to read in the modern world, eBooks provided on tablets are becoming a

common occurrence.

With this increase of eBook availability, it is of utmost importance that a better

understanding is gained over ...


Dyslexic Edge: Designing An Awareness Campaign To Foster Wider Understanding Of Dyslexia, Laura Anne Huisinga Jan 2015

Dyslexic Edge: Designing An Awareness Campaign To Foster Wider Understanding Of Dyslexia, Laura Anne Huisinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper details the process of designing a dyslexia awareness campaign. The literature review covers: what dyslexia is, who is affected, and why a carefully designed campaign is needed. The methodology section covers how research was collected in various ways to create an effective design. Including an initial focus study of 36 K-12 teachers that gathered both qualitative and quantitative data. Followed by a review of existing design campaigns, cataloging the pros and cons of each based on the literature review and the existing style guides put forth by dyslexic awareness organizations. Finally, the implementation of design methods for multimodal ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


Navigating Collective Activity Systems: An Approach Towards Rhetorical Inquiry, Katherine Jesse Royce Jan 2015

Navigating Collective Activity Systems: An Approach Towards Rhetorical Inquiry, Katherine Jesse Royce

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this formative intervention was to design a professional and technical communications course around rhetorical inquiry. The participants, undergraduate health sciences majors (N=22 for section A, N=20 section B), were observed throughout the fall semester of the 2014-2015 academic year. A rhetorical inquiry framework was applied via activity systems, and data were collected using several methodologies including participant observations, research questionnaires, as well as participant deliverables, and were transcribed using Daisy Mwanza's Eight-Step Model. Results demonstrated students successfully used activity systems as a means of approaching rhetorical inquiry. Furthermore, students indicated a high level of ...


Rhetoric Of Warning Labels: Human Figures In Cross-Cultural Design, Kylie M. Jacobsen Jan 2014

Rhetoric Of Warning Labels: Human Figures In Cross-Cultural Design, Kylie M. Jacobsen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Evaluation of warning label design does not always include the perspectives of researchers or graphic designers and legally, warning labels hold no responsibility for changing human behavior. Over the past two decades, much attention to warning label design has come from fields such as human factors, ergonomics, and social psychology, but scholarship on abstract visuals in technical communication is not emphasized. Warning labels use generalized abstract bodies to depict the risk of great and potential hazards, demonstrating a removal from physical reality. This paper will look at warning labels through the lens of abstraction.

Abstraction is a non-mimetic form of ...


Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu Jan 2014

Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interior design is an established industry in the United States with its profits well known to be a good contribution to the national economic growth. Some effort has been made by U.S. Design Council to make sure that the interior design of buildings promotes good health and comfort. Questions have been raised about the safety of U.S. classrooms meant for elementary-level children, specifically those under than 5 years of age. This formed the basis of this research, which unraveled the separate interior design elements of elementary classrooms and their effects on pupils' learning and health. Data were collected ...


The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse Jan 2013

The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Postmodern graphic design on contemporary graphic design. Another goal was to clearly define Postmodern graphic design in relation to practice and theory. A qualitative method utilizing rhetorical criticism, specifically generic participation, provided the framework for an analysis of specific Postmodern and contemporary designers. The results were mixed, but indicated that traits of the Postmodern graphic design genre continued to have some influence on contemporary graphic design.


Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller Jan 2013

Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Innovation Engineering (IE) program, organized by inventor Doug Hall, is an educational workshop that presents methods and strategies to improve innovation. The Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program, a division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), uses this training for their consultants at MEP-funded centers across the United States. The IE program provides insightful recommendations to encourage the success of innovations with three main categories: Create, Communicate, and Commercialize. The most substantial of these categories is the Create category, which provides tools for generating new ideas. The Communicate category lists techniques for effectively communicating these ideas ...


"People...Do Not Come With Standardized Circumstances": Toward A Model For An Anthropology Of E-Government, Marc K. Hebert Jan 2012

"People...Do Not Come With Standardized Circumstances": Toward A Model For An Anthropology Of E-Government, Marc K. Hebert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many Americans appreciate the availability and ease of using government websites to conduct their business with the state. What then of the most vulnerable in society? How do they access and use a standardized application process for government assistance, considering their potential resource, educational and physical constraints? Many go to public libraries and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which shifts the responsibility to help applicants from the government agency administering the program to local actors whose primary duties lie elsewhere.

The aim of this research is to document the experiences of three groups of people, primarily located in a central Florida, urban ...


Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers Jan 2011

Design Of A Visually Enhanced Searchable Database For Exploration And Application Of Biomimicry In Interior Design, Meredith Chambers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Biomimetics in Design

Biomimicry is an approach to design that extracts design inspiration and principles from natural systems and organisms. When effectively integrated into the design process, this approach can yield products and systems that offer a variety of potential economic and environmental benefits. The research presented here examines some strategies and methods that can assist designers with the successful incorporation of biomimetics into the design process. These include approaches to integrating biomimicry into the design process, strategies to improve the exploration and identification of biological sources of inspiration, and methods to assist with the productive application of biomimetics to ...


Developing A Method For Designing Sports Logos, Devon Elizabeth Estes Jan 2011

Developing A Method For Designing Sports Logos, Devon Elizabeth Estes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sports are a central part of American culture. Because of this, sports leagues like the NFL and WNBA have profited and continue to profit from fan attendance and loyalty. Americans spend billions of dollars every year on NFL football game attendance and merchandise. An essential aspect of these successful sports organizations is a successful brand and logo design. While establishing any new sports team has many challenges, women's sports teams face additional hurdles. Preconceived ideas of femininity held by American society are sometimes challenged by female athletes, and a traditional sports audience might not be the best market for ...


Kinematic And Experimental Evaluation Of Commercial Wheelchair-Mounted Robotic Arms, John William Capille Jr. Oct 2010

Kinematic And Experimental Evaluation Of Commercial Wheelchair-Mounted Robotic Arms, John William Capille Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Commercially available wheelchair-mounted robotic arms (WMRAs) are becoming more prevalent internationally but have yet to be largely developed and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States. The purpose of this study was to experimentally evaluate commercially available WMRAs in a controlled test environment. The goal was to quantitatively compare each device through a standardized testing protocol. The study produced theoretical manipulability measurements as well as efficacy ratings of each device based on Denavit-Hartenberg kinematic parameters and physical testing, respectively. Both the manipulator and control devices of WMRA systems were evaluated. The iARM WMRA system was presented ...


Spring Design Optimization With Fatigue, John L. Porteiro Jun 2010

Spring Design Optimization With Fatigue, John L. Porteiro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this work is to look into the fundamental issues regarding spring design and develop a new, easy to use software program that would allow for optimal, flexible spring designs. Most commercial programs that address this function are basic and do not allow the designer much control over the variables hindering design. This is so because most programs start from the premise that the spring is a general purpose part of the system or that other design parameters can be altered to accommodate the chosen spring. In cases where this is not so, such as in hydraulic cartridge ...


From Real To Reel: Performances Of Influential Literacies In The Creative Collaborative Processes And Products Of Digital Video Composition, Deborah Kozdras Jun 2010

From Real To Reel: Performances Of Influential Literacies In The Creative Collaborative Processes And Products Of Digital Video Composition, Deborah Kozdras

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I used a lens of performance theory to examine the creative collaborative processes of middle school students who composed digital videos. More specifically, I investigated the multiliteracies involved in a filmmaking camp and how students performed those literacies in ways that influenced the composition processes and the resulting texts. In order to study collaborative composition processes, I used ethnographic methods. In order to analyze data, I employed a mixed methodology of constant comparative analysis and dramaturgical analysis of interactions in three main informant groups in order to understand how students used multiple literacies to influence the composition ...


Miyazaki's Graphic Novels: Patterns In Design, James Rothschild Ewald Jan 2010

Miyazaki's Graphic Novels: Patterns In Design, James Rothschild Ewald

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines patterns in the design choices of Hayao Miyazaki in Nausicay of the Valley of the Wind. It addresses a gap in the research about graphic novels by focusing on patterns that relate to comic art as a genre, patterns that recall various design principles, and patterns that reflect design strategies. The analysis recognizes that looking at these aesthetic choices involves discussion of the function of each design choice and the relationship of that function to content. Overall, patterns in the design often accounted for issues involving time, character, and change. In addition to analyzing the patterns in ...


User Centered Design Evaluation Of The Grocery Store Environment:, Shelley A. Steenblock Jan 2010

User Centered Design Evaluation Of The Grocery Store Environment:, Shelley A. Steenblock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study identifies challenges experienced by older adults within the grocery retail

environment. Evaluation of design features is based on user input to identify areas that work well versus those that could benefit from replacement, enhancement or redesign. The objective is to promote greater independence in the task of grocery shopping. Results from this study are of interest to design professionals, retail grocery store management and developers regarding the changing needs and preferences of the aging population segment in the grocery store setting.

Data collection for this study is based on a series of focus group meetings at four different ...


Relife: Transitional Housing For Victims Of Natural Disaster, Alexander Smith Jun 2009

Relife: Transitional Housing For Victims Of Natural Disaster, Alexander Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent natural disasters around the globe have left individuals without shelter. Governments have shown slow response for these victims with examples seen from the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. People are still living in structures that are hazardous to their health, insufficient for normal day activity, and socially unacceptable. With the rising numbers of victims and the slow response of governments to provide solutions, a new typology must be designed. This thesis proposes a new typology that will create a responsive design that is efficient, aesthetic, environmentally conscious, and ready for implementation. Transitional housing can be defined as housing that is ...


Visualizing Sound: A Musical Composition Of Aural Architecture, James Pendley Jun 2009

Visualizing Sound: A Musical Composition Of Aural Architecture, James Pendley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We depend on our collective senses in order to rationalize and negotiate space. Unfortunately, sound and acoustics has become a secondary concern to that of the visual perception in architecture. The initial design intent for many modern performance spaces and music education space, for about the past one-hundred years, has not been driven by sound or acoustics, as a consequence the visual perception has become the major infl uence. Prior to modern acoustical applications, performance spaces have been designed for the essence of sound and the form and function had no divisible lines, but with amplifi cation of sound and ...


A Method For Evaluating The Design Of Websites For Birthing Hospitals In Shanghai, Fei Huang Jan 2009

A Method For Evaluating The Design Of Websites For Birthing Hospitals In Shanghai, Fei Huang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Identifying a problem for a target-oriented project and providing effective solutions within a specific social and cultural context is challenging for designers who work on cross-cultural projects. This thesis documents the process of developing an effective method to assist these designers. The design of websites for childbirthing hospitals in Shanghai will be used as an example to show how this methodology can be applied to a complex target-oriented design project and integrate design principles to fulfill specific social, cultural, and emotional needs of the consumers. Furthermore, this method is easy to follow and also can be easily adapted to study ...


Alcohol With An Attitude: Reducing Aggression In Drinking Establishments Through Interior Design, Jessica Lynn James Jan 2009

Alcohol With An Attitude: Reducing Aggression In Drinking Establishments Through Interior Design, Jessica Lynn James

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Aggression in drinking establishments has been found to be associated with poorly maintained, unclean, unattractive environments including poor ventilation, smoky air, inconvenient bar access and inadequate seating, high noise level, and crowding (Graham, 1980). Macintyre and Homel (1992) concluded that the key feature of high aggression drinking establishments was intersecting traffic flows created by inappropriate design, especially poor location of toilets and bars, and the use of the same door as both entrance and exit. Aggression has also been found to increase with such activities as dancing and pool playing (Graham, 1980). Likewise, Radcliffe and Nutter (1979) concluded that people ...


A Heritage Center For The Mississippi Gulf Coast: Linking The Community And Tourism Through Culture, Islay Burgess Jun 2008

A Heritage Center For The Mississippi Gulf Coast: Linking The Community And Tourism Through Culture, Islay Burgess

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A powerful dimension of culture is revealed through art; and when presented by the artist to the observer discloses and connects human emotions. The artist's expression is recorded as an integral part of a collective heritage while continually inspiring the viewer towards a creative future. For the Mississippi Coast, this is an imperative time to develop the link between community and tourism. Over forty public establishments are without buildings that enable them to come together. Prior to August 2005, the development pattern of the coast was northward, because the historic coast line was occupied. Now the entire beach front ...


Storm-Influenced Sediment Transport Gradients On A Nourished Beach, Nicole A. Elko Jun 2006

Storm-Influenced Sediment Transport Gradients On A Nourished Beach, Nicole A. Elko

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Beach nourishment provides an excellent opportunity for the study of intensified sediment transport gradients and associated morphological changes in a natural setting. The objectives of this study are to quantify and predict longshore and cross-shore transport gradients induced by 1) beach nourishment, 2) different storm wave conditions, and 3) the annual wave climate and long-term sediment supply. The details of sediment transport rates and gradients induced by gradual processes and high-energy events are analyzed on a macro-scale. Well-planned monitoring of the 2004 Upham Beach nourishment project in west-central Florida collected high-spatial and -temporal resolution field data. Three hurricanes passed by ...


Product Design: A Conceptual Development Of Product Remanufacturing Index, Swapnil B. Dixit Jun 2006

Product Design: A Conceptual Development Of Product Remanufacturing Index, Swapnil B. Dixit

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In light of increasing pressure from environmental safety advocate groups and governments for eco-friendly manufacturing, safe after life product & waste disposal has had strong emphasizes in the past several years. Industrial manufacturers are becoming more and more responsive towards environment safety concerns. These efforts are being reflected by concepts such as green design or environmentally responsible design and manufacturing (ERDM). The key research areas in the 21st century for reducing the toll on the environment will be material recycling, controlled waste disposal (including fluids and gases) and remanufacturing. Remanufacturing offers a dual advantage over material recycling. First the geometrical form ...


Kinematic Analysis And Evaluation Of Wheelchair Mounted Robotic Arms, Edward Jacob Mccaffrey Jun 2003

Kinematic Analysis And Evaluation Of Wheelchair Mounted Robotic Arms, Edward Jacob Mccaffrey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this thesis is the kinematic analysis and evaluation of wheelchair mounted robotic arms. More specifically, to address the kinematics of the wheelchair mounted robotic arm (WMRA) with respect to its ability to reach positions commonly required by an assistive device in activities of daily living (ADL). A robotic manipulator attached to a power wheelchair could enhance the manipulation functions of an individual with a disability. In this thesis, a procedure is developed for the kinematic analysis and evaluation of a wheelchair mounted robotic arm. In addition to developing the analytical procedure, the manipulator is evaluated, and design ...