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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman Jan 2016

The Pursuit Of Happiness: The Shifting Narrative Of Suburbia And The American Dream, Kristen Ann Greteman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Suburbia and the American Dream have long, complex history in the United States. As the visual manifestation of the American Dream since the mid-twenty first century, suburbia has been criticized for being placeless, unhealthy, discriminatory, and wasteful. Alternative development methods have been created to combat the growth of suburban sprawl to create “places worth caring about” (Kunstler, 2007). This research study, through the methodology of oral history, uses in-depth interviews and morphological study to continue the narrative of suburbia and the American Dream as it exists in two alternative developments in Central Iowa: Prairie Trail in Ankeny and Glynn Village ...


Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh Jan 2015

Expanding The Role Of Design: Developing Holistic Food Systems, Jasmine Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Post World War II, technological and political factors prioritized economic efficiency in food production, distribution and access. Although this currently delivers benefits such as the doubling of caloric production and food availability despite geographic constraints, the food system is becoming implicated both directly and indirectly with a host of environmental and social issues.

This thesis re-frames food system issues as "wicked problems" (Buchanan, 1992, 15) and develops a framework of design tactics . The framework is used as a matrix for analyzing past and current theory and practice based design approaches that engage the food system and two university food systems ...


Big Rhetoric: The Art And Rhetoric Of Spectacle In Classical And Contemporary Experience, Jonathan Mark Balzotti Jan 2014

Big Rhetoric: The Art And Rhetoric Of Spectacle In Classical And Contemporary Experience, Jonathan Mark Balzotti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Spectacle earns its special status by enthralling its spectators: It "speaks" to its audience in a language of hyperbole, magnitude, and wonder. Such strategies are designed, in part, to overwhelm viewers, mythologize the subject, and brand its representations as icons of power. At the same time, however, spectacle can serve to liberate the viewer's imagination, activate a group's collective memory, and embrace viewer, subject, and the objects represented in a coherent and collective identity. I will call these strategies Big Rhetoric, a discourse of outsized objects (or texts) and overwhelming events (or performances) that operates, alternatively, to ...


Renovation And Revolution: A Cultural History Of Homes In Virginia, Megan White Jan 2013

Renovation And Revolution: A Cultural History Of Homes In Virginia, Megan White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

RENOVATION AND REVOLUTION: A CULTURAL HISTORY OF HOMES IN VIRGINIA

Renovation and Revolution is the first half of a book length series of linked essays exploring the history of houses in Virginia from 1607 to the present. Readers travel through the American Indian town of Paspahegh, models of waddle and daub houses excavated at James Town, Appalachian cabins, freed slave refugee camps, manor houses shipped from England, low-income garden apartments, a sprawling commune, abandoned college dorms modeled after world's fair designs, and much more. This tour ultimately guides readers to a better understanding of what it means to be ...


Techniques For Enhancing Reliability In Vlsi Circuits, Ransford Morel Hyman Jr Jan 2011

Techniques For Enhancing Reliability In Vlsi Circuits, Ransford Morel Hyman Jr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Reliability is an important issue in very large scale integration(VLSI) circuits. In the absence of a

focus on reliability in the design process, a circuit's functionality can be compromised. Since chips are fabricated in bulk, if reliability issues are diagnosed during the

manufacturing of the design, the faulty chips must be tossed, which reduces product yield and

increases cost. Being aware of this situation, chip designers attempt to resolve as many issues dealing with

reliability on the front-end of the design phase (architecture or system-level

modeling) to minimize the cost of errors in the design which increases as ...


Phenomenology Of Home, Lidiya Angelova Jun 2010

Phenomenology Of Home, Lidiya Angelova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this Master's Thesis project is to investigate the meaning of home through the bodily experience and psychological perception of space. An inherent ambiguity to the word, as it fails to translate in languages other than those of the Germanic group, causes confusion in defining what home is. In English the word home suggests a deeper understanding and attachment to the surrounding environment, a sort of fusing of the spatial, time and material elements into a single intense experience of being. In languages that do not contain the word the notion of home is expressed in poetry ...


Do You Have A Permit For That?: Exposing The Pseudo-Public Space And Exploring Alternative Means Of Urban Occupation, Adam Barbosa Jun 2010

Do You Have A Permit For That?: Exposing The Pseudo-Public Space And Exploring Alternative Means Of Urban Occupation, Adam Barbosa

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In his 1964 work "One Dimensional Man" Herbert Marcuse describes what he believes to be the de-evolution of industrialized society into the single minded pursuit of commerce. Decades later his hypothesis seems even closer to the truth, as much of our social interaction is now based in spaces that are designed to promote consumption. These spaces are in fact privately owned lots masquerading as public space so as to satiate the populace's desire for "public" interaction without sacrificing their effectiveness as places of commerce. The migration of social interaction into these pseudo-public spaces has also further marginalized the city ...


Re-Connecting: Revitalizing Downtown Clearwater With Environmental Sensibility, Diego Duran Jun 2010

Re-Connecting: Revitalizing Downtown Clearwater With Environmental Sensibility, Diego Duran

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many downtowns in North America have been severed from the rest of the city and from the contextual relationship to their surroundings. Sundered from their context, the ecological characteristics of a site are frequently taken for granted, and the disengagement of its public spaces erodes the downtown's character as well as the urban fabric. Downtown Clearwater has lost the vitality and vibrancy that once characterized it as a lively district. Because of recent developments in the downtown area, public spaces have been lost between parking lots, high rises and a small number of sporadic residential pockets. Some of the ...


The Rebirth Of A Semi-Disintegrated Enterprise: Towards The Future Of Composites In Pre-Synthesized Domestic Dwellings And The Societal Acceptance Of The Anti-In Situ Architectural Movement, Timothy James Keepers Jun 2010

The Rebirth Of A Semi-Disintegrated Enterprise: Towards The Future Of Composites In Pre-Synthesized Domestic Dwellings And The Societal Acceptance Of The Anti-In Situ Architectural Movement, Timothy James Keepers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The prefabricated home has been said to be the site of innovation, exploration and sometimes spectacular failure since the mid 20th-century (Home Delivery, 8). Despite years of research and advancements in technology, pre-synthesization in the domestic realm has typically remained loyal to past construction methods/materials and banal aesthetic ripostes. As a result, the modern pre-synthesized home suffers in terms of programmatic diversity, spatial feedback, supertemporal expansion (in reference to the supertemporal art movement) and societal acceptance. Materials and technologies are constantly upgrading in our increasingly technetronic society. Re-marketing the prefabricated home will require a similar modus operandi. Investigating the ...


Architectural Symbiosis, Tim Kimball Jun 2010

Architectural Symbiosis, Tim Kimball

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The world is facing two fundamental problems. The first problem is a rapidly increasing demand for energy. The second problem is increasing greenhouse gas emissions that are directly resulting from our energy consumption. The primary greenhouse gas in question here is carbon dioxide produced from the burning of fossil fuels. It has been demonstrated through scientific articles and studies that carbon dioxide is directly linked to rising atmospheric temperatures. Buildings represent a significant percentage of this CO2 production. Many architectural theses and treatises have been written advocating architecture that is more energy efficient and which uses sustainable materials and processes ...


Elevating Communication, Thao Thanh Nguyen Jun 2010

Elevating Communication, Thao Thanh Nguyen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The products of vehicular transportation have led the modern traveler into a crisis of place. The modern journey that is held within ceaseless flux, confine movement to edges facilitating prompt passage yet negating active participation. These edges govern movement, highlighting points of destination while simultaneously obscuring our journey in between travels. The limited participation and extended observation of one's place within the concurring boundaries renders the senses dormant, causing passivity and reluctance to participate or communicate with the city. These lines of movement, demanding our attention toward beginning and end but omitting the middle, transforms the city, home, and ...


From Airport To Spaceport: Designing For An Aerospace Revolution, Paula Selvidge Jun 2010

From Airport To Spaceport: Designing For An Aerospace Revolution, Paula Selvidge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

"Airports will shape business location and urban development in the 21st century as much as highways did in the 20th century, railroads in the 19th and seaports in the 18th" - John D. Kasarda, Ph.D. Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of North Carolina http://www.aerotropolis.com/author.html I say, spaceports will shape the urban development of the 21st century, more than airports, bringing about an aerospace revolution. Just as new technologies triggered the global revolutions of the past, so the invention of reusable spacecraft will revolutionize transportation. The invention of such spacecraft suggests the need for a different kind ...


Emergent Morphogenetic Design Strategies, Dawn Gunter May 2010

Emergent Morphogenetic Design Strategies, Dawn Gunter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Emergent morphogenetic designs provide a superior architectural response to programmatic, technical, structural, environmental and spatial requirements that conventional unit based architectural forms are too inflexible to fully address.

Architecture has reached an exciting stage in its development, where structures are attempting to behave more like nature, which does not function as a static state, but as a complex grouping of symbiotic processes which are constantly evolving to adapt to environmental changes.

Digital fabrication and materials engineering have promoted an explosion in formal architectural typologies. By utilizing these digital tools and enhanced materials to embrace a morphogenetic design strategy, architecture can ...


Building A Brighter Future Through Education: Student Housing For Single Parent Families, Carrie Cogsdale Jul 2009

Building A Brighter Future Through Education: Student Housing For Single Parent Families, Carrie Cogsdale

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

On the possibilities of a child the Center for Disease Control says, “Every Child

should have the opportunity to reach their full potential”. (CDC) Children who grow up

in low-income families are at risk of falling behind in education before they even enter

kindergarten. Single parents that struggle to provide food and shelter often lack the time

and the resources to provide the early education that their children need. A college

education could provide these parents and their children with a better quality of life.

University student housing could include built in childcare services, educational

assistance and peer support, for ...


Condition / Recondition: Reconstruction Of The City And Its Collective Memory, C Lopez Jun 2009

Condition / Recondition: Reconstruction Of The City And Its Collective Memory, C Lopez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Worldwide, dense urban spaces have been organized and transformed by cultural values. However, in many cases, changes in economic and social conditions have resulted in fragmentation of neighborhood typologies, in terms of their physical characteristics and uses. Such spaces are a manifestation of development, expansion, dislocation and marginalization; a condition that can be improved through an architectural and urban strategy which inscribes emerging forces into the neglected zones of marginal territories. The contemporary context calls for a re-evaluation of public space. To fully engage the people, it is a necessary function of public space to blur landscape, architecture and infrastructure ...


"Re-Homing": Sustaining Housing First, Jennifer Mckinney Jun 2009

"Re-Homing": Sustaining Housing First, Jennifer Mckinney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The problem of homelessness is an issue in every city of America. Increasingly there are more individuals and families that find themselves without a permanent residence due to varying factors. Traditionally, the approach to this crisis has been to shuffle from emergency shelters to transitional shelters towards temporary housing. However, this lengthy, regulated process prohibits a large portion of the homeless population from ever settling back into housing. It is also merely a stop gap for the issue and this process absorbs a large sum of resources in land, money and manpower. However, there is a new model emerging to ...


Form And Numbers: Mathematical Patterns And Ordering Elements In Design, Alison Marie Thom Jun 2009

Form And Numbers: Mathematical Patterns And Ordering Elements In Design, Alison Marie Thom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In America, buildings are often constructed with the intent of being utile only 30-40 years. All over the world though, there are buildings that are hundreds of years old that are still very functional. Historically, architecture was a part of mathematics, and in many periods of the past, the two were indistinguishable. Architects were often required to be also mathematicians in ancient times. The idea of this thesis is to identify the relationship between mathematics and architecture and to reintroduce them in order to create a module for successful design . Presence of mathematical boundaries help to attain visual consistency by ...


Experience + Evolution: Exploring Nature As A Constant In An Evolving Culture And Building Type, Robin Plotkowski Jun 2009

Experience + Evolution: Exploring Nature As A Constant In An Evolving Culture And Building Type, Robin Plotkowski

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout time, our natural environment has been one of the only constants in our evolution. While cultures change and evolve, nature's beauty and positive effects on humans have always been present. Unfortunately, our built environment has generated much attention for its profound impact on our natural environment. Buildings in the United States consume a third of our total energy use, raw material use, and waste output, not to mention the negative effects they can have on our well-being, economy, health and productivity. In an effort to protect our natural environment, our built environment must become more responsible to the ...


Cooper-Hewitt Museum Of Design And Technology (C-Hmd+T): Biomimetic Architecture As Part Of Nature, Isabel Marisa Corsino Carro Jan 2009

Cooper-Hewitt Museum Of Design And Technology (C-Hmd+T): Biomimetic Architecture As Part Of Nature, Isabel Marisa Corsino Carro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

If architects are to create a sustainable world, one in which we are accountable to the needs of all future generations and living creatures, we must recognize that our present form of designing buildings is deeply flawed. Being the number one cause of emission gases, building design needs to be revolutionized to be able to surpass such climatic changes and finally harmonize with nature. To create a sustainable future and solve the global warming crisis, architects need to incorporate nature within design through the process known as biomimicry. Janine Benyus, the author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, stressed how ...


The First Icomde - A Library For The Information Age, Daniel Elias Todd Jun 2008

The First Icomde - A Library For The Information Age, Daniel Elias Todd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The library has existed as a repository for knowledge for centuries. However, in spite of the information revolution and its watershed component, the internet, this institution has found itself fundamentally unchanged. Great strides have been taken to adapt the library to this changing world, but these incremental changes are timid and reactionary. Through the internet the floodgates have opened; individuals are creating and sharing information both personal and academic, in the form of not-so-private journals, works of creative fiction, works of journalism, works of scholarship, and every other form of intellectual (and not so intellectual) propagation imaginable. Additionally, advances in ...


Permanent Supportive Housing In Tampa, Florida: Facilitating Transition Through Site, Program, And Design, Nicole Lara Dodd Jun 2008

Permanent Supportive Housing In Tampa, Florida: Facilitating Transition Through Site, Program, And Design, Nicole Lara Dodd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rapid re-housing of the homeless into permanent supportive housing has proven to be cost effective. The improved quality of life and stability reduces stress on the formerly homeless and therefore increases their viability as self-sufficient individuals. Hillsborough County (which encompasses Tampa, Florida) reported 9,532 homeless persons on any given night in the year 2007. Currently, there is not enough housing to meet the needs of every individual. While existing housing facilities contribute a great deal to this community, their locations in dilapidated urban conditions are not the most conducive environments for homeless persons to succeed. The stigma associated with ...


A Heritage Center For The Mississippi Gulf Coast: Linking The Community And Tourism Through Culture, Islay Burgess Jun 2008

A Heritage Center For The Mississippi Gulf Coast: Linking The Community And Tourism Through Culture, Islay Burgess

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A powerful dimension of culture is revealed through art; and when presented by the artist to the observer discloses and connects human emotions. The artist's expression is recorded as an integral part of a collective heritage while continually inspiring the viewer towards a creative future. For the Mississippi Coast, this is an imperative time to develop the link between community and tourism. Over forty public establishments are without buildings that enable them to come together. Prior to August 2005, the development pattern of the coast was northward, because the historic coast line was occupied. Now the entire beach front ...


Alexander Pope's Opus Magnum As Palladian Monument, Cassandra C. Pauley Jun 2003

Alexander Pope's Opus Magnum As Palladian Monument, Cassandra C. Pauley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The overarching goal of this study is to suggest that Alexander Pope did not abandon his project for a "system of ethics in the Horatian way," but rather that in his final days he did find a way to unite the parts at hand into a viable whole. Constructing such an argument, however, requires a similar building up from the parts, and so the core focus becomes a study on the way the image of an arch can serve as a metaphor for Pope's reconciliation scheme in his Moral Essays as he "steers betwixt" seeming opposites. To justify this ...


Creating Healing Spaces, The Process Of Designing Holistically A Battered Women Shelter, Lilian Menéndez Jan 2001

Creating Healing Spaces, The Process Of Designing Holistically A Battered Women Shelter, Lilian Menéndez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My interest in the environment has led me to study the effects of space on people, both natural and man-made. This project explores how architects and designers can design spaces conducive to the healing process. The emphasis of this thesis is on my design methodology, with the hope that this project will help other designers in their struggle to create spaces that heal the body, soul and spirit. To develop this project, I chose a shelter for battered women as the building type. This shelter is theoretically located in Bayamón, Puerto Rico. Its main goal is to create an environment ...


A Prototypical Computer Museum, Eric Otto Ryder Jan 2001

A Prototypical Computer Museum, Eric Otto Ryder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civilization seems barely able to keep up with the new information technology. Therefore, I propose a place where the technologies of the future may be interacted with like the comfortable knowledge of the past. I propose a place where technology may be interacted on as in the realm of the past with the doors of the future ahead. The Museum of Science and Industry, where the grasp of our technological history is displayed, would be an ideal site for the creation of a Prototypical Computer Museum. With its close proximity to the University of South Florida, resources and participants would ...