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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

2015

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Living Among The Ruins Of An Unknown Past: Economic Realities, Sociocultural Perceptions, And Archaeological Practice In The Naco Valley, Honduras, Jose Enrique Moreno-Cortes Nov 2015

Living Among The Ruins Of An Unknown Past: Economic Realities, Sociocultural Perceptions, And Archaeological Practice In The Naco Valley, Honduras, Jose Enrique Moreno-Cortes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study addresses the relationship between perceptions of cultural patrimony, socioeconomic realities, and interactions with archaeological sites in two rural communities in the Naco Valley, Honduras. Palmarejo and Palos Blancos are communities situated around the Naco Valley, that share their space with two major archaeological sites.The residents of these communities interact with the archaeological sites by using their area for farming, cattle grazing, and social/recreational activities. On several occasions, the mounds in the archaeological sites have been used as a source of raw materials for construction. Thus far, the damage to the ruins by these activities has been ...


A Gadamerian Analysis Of Roman Catholic Hermeneutics: A Diachronic Analysis Of Interpretations Of Romans 1:17-2:17, Steven Floyd Surrency Nov 2015

A Gadamerian Analysis Of Roman Catholic Hermeneutics: A Diachronic Analysis Of Interpretations Of Romans 1:17-2:17, Steven Floyd Surrency

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Catholic exegesis of scriptural and dogmatic statements has become rigid in the period following the Enlightenment. Gadamer’s account of philosophical hermeneutics, when applied to the Catholic situation, elaborates how Catholic exegesis might return to its premodern, freer form. Following Gadamer, I hold that to understand is to fuse the horizon of the old with today’s horizon using the preunderstandings that have been provided by the tradition while at the same time bringing the questions of today into dialogue with the text.

Examples of how Romans 1 and 2 have been interpreted historically serve to support this thesis. Origen ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry And Stable Isotopes In Assessing Ancient Coastal Peruvian Diets, Theresa Jane Gilbertson Nov 2015

A Comparative Analysis Of Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry And Stable Isotopes In Assessing Ancient Coastal Peruvian Diets, Theresa Jane Gilbertson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores a cross-cultural analysis of the dietary signatures of four coastal cultures of prehistoric Peru. A combination of elemental analysis based on portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (pXRF), testing trace elements presented in 209 individuals’ skulls representing the Nazca (38), Cañete (33), Lima (40), and Moche (98) valleys and/or cultures of the first millennium AD, is weighed in conjunction with isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) to analyze human bone collagen and bone apatite derived from a portion of the individuals represented in the Nazca, Cañete, and Lima cranial samples.

Evidence from the results of both tests are weighed ...


Thinking Nature, "Pierre Maupertuis And The Charge Of Error Against Fermat And Leibniz", Richard Samuel Lamborn Nov 2015

Thinking Nature, "Pierre Maupertuis And The Charge Of Error Against Fermat And Leibniz", Richard Samuel Lamborn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to defend Pierre Fermat and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz against the charge of error made against them by Pierre Maupertuis that they errantly applied final causes to physics. This charge came in Maupertuis’ 1744 speech to the Paris Academy of Sciences, later published in different versions, entitled Accord Between Different Laws Which at First Seemed Incompatible. It is in this speech that Maupertuis lays claim to one of the most important discoveries in the history of physics and science, The Principle of Least Action. From the date of this speech up until the end of ...


John Duns Scotus’S Metaphysics Of Goodness: Adventures In 13th-Century Metaethics, Jeffrey W. Steele Nov 2015

John Duns Scotus’S Metaphysics Of Goodness: Adventures In 13th-Century Metaethics, Jeffrey W. Steele

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

At the center of all medieval Christian accounts of both metaphysics and ethics stands the claim that being and goodness are necessarily connected, and that grasping the nature of this connection is fundamental to explaining the nature of goodness itself. In that vein, medievals offered two distinct ways of conceiving this necessary connection: the nature approach and the creation approach. The nature approach explains the goodness of an entity by an appeal to the entity’s nature as the type of thing it is, and the extent to which it fulfills or perfects the potentialities in its nature. In contrast ...


#Networkedglobe: Making The Connection Between Social Media And Intercultural Technical Communication, Laura Anne Ewing Nov 2015

#Networkedglobe: Making The Connection Between Social Media And Intercultural Technical Communication, Laura Anne Ewing

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Preparing students of technical communication in the twenty-first century means training them to rhetorically utilize a wide variety of online tools. Technical communicators are now required to employ social media applications on a daily basis to communicate with clients, consumers, colleagues, and other organizations. These online modes have also opened the door to global communication wider and continue to present opportunities and challenges to technical communicators worldwide. Using Japan as a model, this dissertation sought to demonstrate a rhetorical exigency for teaching intercultural social media communication strategies to future technical communicators in the United States. The goal of this dissertation ...


Now, We Hear Through A Voice Darkly: New Media And Narratology In Cinematic Art, James Anthony Ricci Nov 2015

Now, We Hear Through A Voice Darkly: New Media And Narratology In Cinematic Art, James Anthony Ricci

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the intersection of new media and narrative, as it is presented through a cinematic aesthetic. The narrative language of film is analyzed through the theoretical framework of Bakhtin’s concepts of Heteroglossia, Chronotope, and Dialogism. Bakhtin’s ideas of classifying language act as strong tools for demonstrating how cinematic narrative can inform and alter the perception of its spectators. Lev Manovich’s principles of New Media, specifically Variability, Modularity, and Automation are also utilized to demonstrate how cinema is a constantly evolving paradigm.

Chapter one focuses on the theoretical terminology, outlining the conceptual definitions and illustrating their ...


A Case Study Of Four Female Electrician Technicians In A Male-Dominated Occupation, Maniphone S. Dickerson Nov 2015

A Case Study Of Four Female Electrician Technicians In A Male-Dominated Occupation, Maniphone S. Dickerson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons the four female participants decided to pursue electrician technician training, their perspectives of the apprenticeship program, their perceptions of successful employment in a male-dominated occupation, and differences in treatment based on their gender. The exploratory questions that guided the study were: what led the females to make the decision for applying to the electrician technician apprenticeship; what was the nature of the education and training experiences of the participants in the electrician technician apprenticeship program, what were the participants’ perceptions of being successful in advancement within the workforce as a ...


Genre, Justice & Quentin Tarantino, Eric Michael Blake Nov 2015

Genre, Justice & Quentin Tarantino, Eric Michael Blake

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The films of Quentin Tarantino have held a significant influence on modern cinema, and therefore on cinema studies. As such, studies on the social and philosophical implications of his work have appeared over the years, mostly in regards to content. However, with the exception of references to his use of cinematic violence, studies of his technique—i.e., his cinematic style—have been rare, and rarer still have been studies of the social implications that arise from the patterns of his style as well as those his subject matter.

The following thesis seeks to use the concept of Auteur Theory ...


Like Blood From A Stone: Teasing Out Social Difference From Lithic Production Debris At Kolomoki (9er1), Martin Menz Nov 2015

Like Blood From A Stone: Teasing Out Social Difference From Lithic Production Debris At Kolomoki (9er1), Martin Menz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Early phases of Kolomoki’s occupation have been characterized as relatively egalitarian, with little evidence for status differentiation. However, patterned variability in lithic raw material use and intensity of production in domestic areas suggests heterogeneity in the community at multiple scales. In light of Kolomoki’s emphasis on communal ceremony, internal divisions between groups of households highlight the tension between public and private expressions of status and social solidarity. New radiocarbon dates from the southern margins of the village have allowed us to assess the contemporaneity of this pattern, and by extension, the chronology of village aggregation.


Design, Fabrication And Analysis Of A Paver Machine Push Bar Mechanism, Mahendra Palnati Nov 2015

Design, Fabrication And Analysis Of A Paver Machine Push Bar Mechanism, Mahendra Palnati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Now-a-days, the major challenge that’s being faced by the concrete industry is the cleaning of concrete handling equipment. Concrete consists of aggregates, which harden with time, and the transportation of concrete mixture within the plant is a significant problem. This will not only increase the overall maintenance cost, but will lead to loss of raw materials, affect the rate of production, and reduce the lifetime of concrete handling equipment.

The present study focuses on the design and implementation of an adaptive cleaning mechanism in the concrete industry and its importance in achieving efficient cleaning, which is tested to verify ...


He_Rtland: The Violence Of Neoliberalism, Hector Sotomayor Nov 2015

He_Rtland: The Violence Of Neoliberalism, Hector Sotomayor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Perhaps, under the consciousness of today, “neoliberalism” has defined our world during the previous and current centuries more than any other socioeconomic system. But the evolution of this ideology, which initially aimed to enhance, or rather, reinvent capitalism and individual freedom, has, in essence, induced an unrecognized problem. I argue that neoliberalism is the catalyst for much of the hostility in this globalized society where tensions and poverty are casualties of individual and corporate prosperity. Because of this revelation, I argue that neoliberalism inadvertently instills violence that is both unseen and gendered. In order to formulate my argument, I introduce ...


Factors Associated With Treatment Seeking In Automotive Manufacturing, Khin Thingyan Chit Nov 2015

Factors Associated With Treatment Seeking In Automotive Manufacturing, Khin Thingyan Chit

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Introduction

The prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders is very common. The main objective of the study was to identify any association between the severity of musculoskeletal symptoms and treatment choice by workers in automobile manufacturing plants.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 1017 production workers in six automobile manufacturing plants was performed. The study included the structured interviews to determine symptoms, preexisting personal risk factors, treatment choices (health care provider or no treatment sought), job strain, and job satisfaction. Nordic style questionnaire for symptoms, Karasek’s Demand Control Model and three job satisfaction questions were used to assign symptom severity, job ...


At The Intersection Of Human Agency And Technology: Genetically Modified Organisms, James Libengood Nov 2015

At The Intersection Of Human Agency And Technology: Genetically Modified Organisms, James Libengood

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the Neolithic period and the rise of agriculture along Mesopotamia’s “Fertile Crescent,” greater societies have formed thus requiring laws and governance to ensure their continued preservation. The Babylonian Code of Hammurabi is one such example of how agricultural technologies directly created new social and institutional structures in codifying slavery into law, or how mercantile transactions are to be conducted. Similarly, GMOs are the result of modern agricultural technologies that are altering laws and society as a result of their implementation. This transformation informs the central inquiries of my research question: Why are GMOs necessary, and what influences do ...


Todo Tiempo Pasado Fue Peor: La Representación Literaria Del Nazismo En Vásquez, Pardo, Borges Y Bayer, Cristhian Camilo Alfonso Nov 2015

Todo Tiempo Pasado Fue Peor: La Representación Literaria Del Nazismo En Vásquez, Pardo, Borges Y Bayer, Cristhian Camilo Alfonso

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

After the end of War World II, Latin-American literature has used the theme of Nazism to create and recreate a wide variety of stories. In some cases, these stories are conceived as a critique to specific aspects of real life, which reminds the reader of the often blurred duality between reality and fiction. This critique is based on the relationship of the characters in the stories, as well as by the socio-political and philosophical views they represent, as can be seen in Juan G. Vásquez’s Los informantes or Jorge E. Pardo’s El pianista que llegó de Hamburgo, both ...


Let’S Move! Biocitizens And The Fat Kids On The Block, Mary Catherine Dickman Nov 2015

Let’S Move! Biocitizens And The Fat Kids On The Block, Mary Catherine Dickman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project analyzed First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! campaign for how it constructs obesity and health. Let’s Move! is a national internet-based campaign to end childhood obesity. The literature on Let’s Move! is limited and focuses on the privatization and corporatization of children’s physical education in public schools. Taking an intersectional approach to critical fat studies, I use critical discourse analysis to investigate how the language used in the Let’s Move! campaign (re)enforces and (re)signifies cultural notions of fat as a social problem – specifically that fat bodies are diseased, unproductive, and ...


Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke Nov 2015

Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact of human activity on ecosystems is an issue at the forefront of global concern. Marine ecosystems are a particular concern, given their importance for human sustenance. Through the removal of species that are highly susceptible to the effects of overfishing, global fisheries have been driven to near collapse in recent decades. The long-term effects of such practices has resulted in declines in mean trophic level of aggregate fish catches over time, as well as decreasing diversity of species available for regular harvest (Jackson et al. 2001; Pauly et al. 1998). These supposedly “modern” problems have been recently identified ...


To "Plant Our Trees On American Soil, And Repose Beneath Their Shade": Africa, Colonization, And The Evolution Of A Black Identity Narrative In The United States, 1808-1861, Edward Jason Vickers Nov 2015

To "Plant Our Trees On American Soil, And Repose Beneath Their Shade": Africa, Colonization, And The Evolution Of A Black Identity Narrative In The United States, 1808-1861, Edward Jason Vickers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This work explores the role that ideas about Africa played in the development of a specifically American identity among free blacks in the United States, from the early nineteenth century to the Civil War. Previous studies of the writings of free blacks in the Revolutionary period, and of the American Colonization Society (ACS), which was devoted to removing them back to an African homeland, have suggested that black discussions of Africa virtually disappeared after 1816, when the colonization movement began. However, as this work illustrates, the letters, books, newspapers, and organizational records produced by free blacks in the antebellum era ...


Finding A Home: Latino Residential Influx Into Progress Village, 1990-2010, Christopher Julius Pineda Nov 2015

Finding A Home: Latino Residential Influx Into Progress Village, 1990-2010, Christopher Julius Pineda

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Progress Village in Tampa Florida was developed in the late 1950s in response to the dislocation of black families during the construction of Interstate-4. Furthermore this community became an opportunity for many black and more specifically, African American families, to live in a community devoid of racist attitudes and tensions rampant in inner city Tampa at the time. For over thirty years this community’s residential population was overwhelmingly (90 percent) black or African American. In the 1990s though this community would begin to experience the first wave of Latino residents and by 2000 this group would comprise over 2 ...


Pottery Exchange And Interaction At The Crystal River Site (8ci1), Florida, Kassie Christine Kemp Oct 2015

Pottery Exchange And Interaction At The Crystal River Site (8ci1), Florida, Kassie Christine Kemp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Crystal River site (8CI1) is a Woodland-period mound (ca. 1000 BC to AD 1050) complex located on the west-central Gulf coast of Florida. Links to the Hopewell Interaction Sphere suggest that the people of Crystal River had connections with a broad range of communities, yet little is known concerning the role the site played in local, regional, or long-distance exchange networks. Pottery traditions vary amongst different communities of practice, therefore the level of interaction at Crystal River can be measured by looking at variation in the ceramic assemblage. I combine type/attribute, vessel form and function, gross paste, and ...


Domestic Spaces In Transition: Modern Representations Of Dwelling In The Texts Of Elizabeth Bowen, Shannon Tivnan Sep 2015

Domestic Spaces In Transition: Modern Representations Of Dwelling In The Texts Of Elizabeth Bowen, Shannon Tivnan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In much of the writing of twentieth century Anglo-Irish author Elizabeth Bowen, houses, and in particular family homes, often reflect the psychological and social status of their inhabitants. They can be understood as the structural embodiments of the vast cultural and economic network taking shape as the forces of urbanization and industrialization changed the landscape. Yet, even as these domestic spaces represent the predominant social relations characterizing the first half of the twentieth century, the family homes also can play a key role in character development and gender identity, defining the lives of those who inhabit them, by perpetuating these ...


On The Convergence Of Cinema And Theme Parks: Developing A Predictable Model For Creative Design, Ryan Luke Terry Sep 2015

On The Convergence Of Cinema And Theme Parks: Developing A Predictable Model For Creative Design, Ryan Luke Terry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this research study is to develop a model of information that will enable media conglomerates and other companies, with theme park investments, to make informed and effective decisions based on scholarly and empirical evidences. In order to do this, the following research study uses historic, scholarly, journalistic, and focus group evidences to consolidate the information necessary to create a model to support concepts and designs. The paper begins with establishing why it is important for media conglomerates, with theme park investments, to integrate cinema into the park’s design. Then it looks back through the history of ...


From White City To Green Acres: Bertha Palmer And The Gendering Of Space In The Gilded Age, Barbara Peters Smith Sep 2015

From White City To Green Acres: Bertha Palmer And The Gendering Of Space In The Gilded Age, Barbara Peters Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout an adult life that witnessed drastic cultural upheaval between the Civil War and World War I, Bertha Honoré Palmer (1849-1918) was continually called on to deploy her Victorian values in response to modern events. Being a woman only complicated this negotiation. But being a child of the American frontier granted her a latitude and mobility that were rare for women of her class and era – allowing her to challenge gender boundaries and occupy more than one cultural space at a time. Most of what has been written about Bertha Palmer’s life has been exceptionalist in approach and tone ...


Essays On The Impact Of Ceo Gender On Corporate Policies And Outcomes, Nilesh Sah Sep 2015

Essays On The Impact Of Ceo Gender On Corporate Policies And Outcomes, Nilesh Sah

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the first essay I examine the cash policies of female-led firms. Recent research finds that female CEOs eschew riskier corporate policies, but it makes contradicting claims whether this is due to risk aversion. Benchmarking risk aversion by the management of firms’ cash, I find that female CEOs are risk averse relative to male CEOs. Specifically, they hold significantly (18%) more cash, even for the same level of dividend payout as male CEOs. Further, they have significantly higher speed of adjustment for cash deficits, are more likely to use excess cash to increase dividends, but are equally likely to use ...


The Effects Of Lighting Temperature And Complexity On Hotel Guests' Perceived Servicescape, Perceived Value, And Behavioral Intentions, Jing Yang Jan 2015

The Effects Of Lighting Temperature And Complexity On Hotel Guests' Perceived Servicescape, Perceived Value, And Behavioral Intentions, Jing Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous studies have investigated the effects of environmental stimuli, such as music, scent, and lighting. However, complexity has not been widely discussed, particularly in three-dimensional spaces. The current study primarily examines the effects of intended complexity and intended lighting temperature on perceived servicescape, perceived value. A 2 (warm lighting, cool light) × 3 (low complexity, medium complexity, high complexity) between-subject experiment was conducted. Six computer-generated images with the same guestroom floor plan were utilized to represent the six treatment conditions. An online-survey was distributed via Amazon Mechanical Turk. A total of 473 responses were used to test the proposed hypotheses.

The ...


An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger Jan 2015

An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study developed theory while investigating the meaning college students' attributed to interaction with young immigrant children through a service learning program and how the interaction reduced their prejudice. Based on the grounded theory methodology, thirty-one in-depth interviews of college graduates who had been involved in the program were coded and analyzed to develop four significant themes resulting in theory development. Participants demonstrated fear of differences with their immigrant partners upon starting the interactions, they worked to develop relationships which resulted in gaining new perspectives and reducing reported prejudice. This integrated theory of prejudice reduction through service learning concurs ...


Curious Cut-Aways, Devin Vaughn Sloan Jan 2015

Curious Cut-Aways, Devin Vaughn Sloan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Curious Cut-Aways is a collection of five 3D modeled visual art pieces that show the inner workings of influential technologies. They were on display at the Ames Public Library and were created to promote a more positive view of technologies that are being developed right now. The creator of the artwork holds the view that many of the problems surrounding the adoption of technologies are related to a lack of interest or understanding of them. The work was designed to be easily approachable by presenting easy to understand details in both the visual work and the associated captions. Curious Cut-Aways ...


Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr. Jan 2015

Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This theoretical research project examines research and literature utilizing different critical lenses to assist in promoting alternative ethnoracial understandings of Latin@ness in the context of higher education. This dissertation sought to problematize and complement how Latin@ student identity development theory and Latin@ Critical Theory are framed and used, and fuses different theoretical bodies of scholarly work to help reveal gaps in current literature that fill a significant void in, and complement current literature on Latin@ identity and culture. This project consist of varying conversations between Latin@ cultural formation, Latin@ oriented theoretical lenses, postcolonialism, antiracism, whiteness and higher education, to ...


Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen Jan 2015

Effective Movie Title Sequence: A Challenge To Chinese Designers, Bo Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper aims to identify the criteria of effective movie title sequence design. The research method is to generalize views common to different senior title designers and practitioners with regard to the criteria of effective movie title sequence design and then use these criteria to evaluate top box office Chinese domestic movies. The paper also analyzes problems of present Chinese domestic movie title sequence design and provides suggestions for improving them.

An effective movie title sequence needs to set the mood and anticipations to the audience. Additionally, it must have the following characteristics: (1) It must express the story in ...


Inflatable Castles, Nicholas Bogdanich Jan 2015

Inflatable Castles, Nicholas Bogdanich

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The collection of short stories that follows is a tour. On it, the reader will observe familiar emblems of our national identity: from those as iconic as Woodstock and Disneyland, to others more common, such as roadside stands or the suburbs. In our minds, these emblems remain fixed despite their placelessness. This fictional tour misses Splash Mountain. You won’t meet anyone famous, although some characters may pretend that they are. In fact, all the sites in my collection are inflatable castles, puffed up with our collective imagination. If they disappoint, it is only because we have overfilled them. These ...