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Standing Up For Justice: Reexamining The Evidence In Twelve Angry Jurors, Jerry Entze Nov 2013

Standing Up For Justice: Reexamining The Evidence In Twelve Angry Jurors, Jerry Entze

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract not available.


Cuba's Chords Of Change: Music, Race, Class & Motherhood At The Turn Of The 21st Century, Saundra Marie Amrhein Feb 2013

Cuba's Chords Of Change: Music, Race, Class & Motherhood At The Turn Of The 21st Century, Saundra Marie Amrhein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an ethnography and biographical study that examines the impact of the immense socioeconomic changes underway in Cuba at the turn of the 21st century and the flexible identity categories through which individuals navigate a social crisis.

The biography and ethnography in this thesis are centered on the life of Violeta Aldama, an aging revolutionary and Afro-Cuban mother who struggles to make ends meet while fighting to steer her son, Brian, through a classical music education and into a music career. Amid growing racial inequalities when many Afro-Cubans are locked out of the most lucrative jobs in the ...


The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse Jan 2013

The Influence Of The Postmodern Graphic Design Genre On Contemporary Graphic Design As Analyzed In The Context Of Generic Participation, Michael Edward Outhouse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Postmodern graphic design on contemporary graphic design. Another goal was to clearly define Postmodern graphic design in relation to practice and theory. A qualitative method utilizing rhetorical criticism, specifically generic participation, provided the framework for an analysis of specific Postmodern and contemporary designers. The results were mixed, but indicated that traits of the Postmodern graphic design genre continued to have some influence on contemporary graphic design.


"What To Do With Our Girls": Prescriptive Literature And The Girl Problem In The Rural Midwest, 1865-1900, Rachel Erin Kleinschmidt Jan 2013

"What To Do With Our Girls": Prescriptive Literature And The Girl Problem In The Rural Midwest, 1865-1900, Rachel Erin Kleinschmidt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For women of the Midwest in the late nineteenth century, the teenage and young adult years provided opportunities for women to explore options for work, education, socializing, and marriage, but within the strictly controlled boundaries of the lifestyle of farm daughter and helper. The prevalence of teaching jobs in rural schools, as well as opportunities for socialization, such as church, temperance societies, and other community activities, provided a range of activities acceptable for young women to partake. Social prescriptions and parental guidance influenced the expectations of how a young woman should act, yet these women worked within and without of ...


Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai Jan 2013

Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the effectiveness of video as a tool to either complement or replace existing lecture/demonstration training for small farmer groups. The effectiveness of video in decreasing the knowledge gap among farmers who differ by gender, bean production volume, and education level was also evaluated. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through a quasi-experiment including a pre-test and a post-test design with three experimental groups. Results showed that video could be an effective complement and replacement for the conventional lecture/demonstration training method. The training method that included both video and traditional lecture/demonstration was especially effective for ...


Biomechanical Impact Of Lower-Body Ppe On The Football Athlete: An Evaluation And Redesign Of The Knee Pad, Brandon F. Moeller Jan 2013

Biomechanical Impact Of Lower-Body Ppe On The Football Athlete: An Evaluation And Redesign Of The Knee Pad, Brandon F. Moeller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although football personal protective equipment (PPE) has developed considerably since the game's conception, knee pad design has lagged behind. Players at all levels of competition are dissatisfied with the device, claiming it impedes performance more than it protects from injury. To date, no published research has studied the football knee pad's effect on athletic performance, and no ergonomic evaluation of the design has been completed.

This research first created a new knee pad design based on survey feedback from 138 collegiate and high school football athletes. This new design, called the Vastus And Patella Protection with Range of ...


Analysis Of Fitting Room Enviroments: Effects On Older Clothing Shoppers' Shopping Patronage Intention, Kyungnam Seo Jan 2013

Analysis Of Fitting Room Enviroments: Effects On Older Clothing Shoppers' Shopping Patronage Intention, Kyungnam Seo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to systematically analyze the influence of the fitting room environment on older clothing shoppers' psychic cost, satisfaction, and patronage intention. The objectives of this study were to determine whether current fitting rooms deliver appropriate services for older consumers, and whether a fitting room environment that accommodates the needs of older consumers better is associated with enhanced shopping satisfaction and consequent patronage intention. In addition, this study created a conceptual model integrating the S-O-R model and person-environment fit theories to provide an understanding of the causal relationship among fitting room accommodation, psychic cost, shopping ...


A Mixed Methods Approach To Understanding The Relationship Between Attachment And Child Outcomes: The Connection Of Related Findings, Theory And Cultural Implications As Explored Through The Perspectives And Practices Of Attachment Parents, Haley V. Wedmore Jan 2013

A Mixed Methods Approach To Understanding The Relationship Between Attachment And Child Outcomes: The Connection Of Related Findings, Theory And Cultural Implications As Explored Through The Perspectives And Practices Of Attachment Parents, Haley V. Wedmore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In Chapter 2 of this paper, a quantitative analysis investigated the association between positive couple interaction and child outcomes (externalizing behavior and social competence) as mediated through positive parenting and a secure parent-child attachment. In Chapter 3, a qualitative approach was used to explore the perspectives and parenting behaviors of mothers who identify as attachment parents Additionally, the implications of attachment theory, evolutionary theory, and the societal context in which parenting practices are embedded are explored. A connection between the quantitative and qualitative findings of this study is drawn in Chapter 4 via the discussion section. In addition, consistencies and ...


Ethical Judgments Of Deception In Psychological Research, Paul Lawrence Ascheman Jan 2013

Ethical Judgments Of Deception In Psychological Research, Paul Lawrence Ascheman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This quantitative study assessed the applicability of a Social Contract Theory (Kimmel, Smith & Klein, 2011) that proposes a social contract, potential agreement between researchers and participants, as a means of addressing and potentially diminishing ethical dilemmas associated with use of deception in psychological research. The responses of 212 undergraduate research participants were obtained and compared with those of 189 graduate student or faculty psychological researchers by examining within-and between-group consensus in agreement (> 80% of each sample) for a set of ten Social Contract Statements.

While there was consensus for the five fundamental statements (similar to the APA Code of Ethics), only two of five more specific principle statements garnered support from both groups. Statements that expressed a preference for non-deceptive methods, and general disclaimers to participants by researchers that deception could be used, were supported solely by researchers and participants, respectively. Between-group equivalence in ratings of agreement was predicted; however, meaningful equivalence (< 10% difference) was found only for the prohibition of physical pain in deception research.

This study also extended the applicability of the social contract to selected examples of published deception studies described in twelve brief vignettes. Participant and researcher equivalences and differences in perceived ethicality ratings of the twelve vignettes were obtained. Prior research indicated that researchers perceived deceptions as less ethical compared to participants (e.g., Schreier & Stadler, 1992); however, this study found researchers and participants made equivalent ratings for all but four vignettes. Similar results were obtained for hypothetical consent to participate in a vignette study. Consent was ...


The Determinants Of Textile And Apparel Export Performance In Asian Countries, Xinxin Wang Jan 2013

The Determinants Of Textile And Apparel Export Performance In Asian Countries, Xinxin Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Since the end of the 20th century, textile and apparel retailers from developed countries have started to source globally instead of manufacturing products domestically to reduce costs and become more competitive in textile and apparel markets. However, since global sourcing has extended organizations' supply chains on a worldwide scale, other factors, such as suppliers' capability lead time, logistics service, and trade barriers, should also be seriously considered. Therefore, it is important for buyers to determine the comparative advantages of supplier countries, and suppliers to understand the determinants of their export performance to become more competitive in the era of ...


A Study On Academic Search Engines: Comparison Between Dynamic Queries And Regular Faceted Search, Stefan Ganchev Ganchev Jan 2013

A Study On Academic Search Engines: Comparison Between Dynamic Queries And Regular Faceted Search, Stefan Ganchev Ganchev

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic queries interfaces provide a powerful and fun way to search information. Using this technique with a faceted navigation can be very effective for academic researchers who are often engaged in exploratory searches. Facets can play an important role in helping the user understand an information space better. Dynamic queries techniques make the search results immediate and the interaction uninterrupted and focused. They can contribute to the user's understanding of the researched topic(s). Furthermore, they are more playful because users directly manipulate controls and the results are displayed through transition animations, which bring the process closer to a ...


The Rise And Fall Of American Marionette Theatre: Conservation Of The Bil Baird Puppet Collection, 1918-1987, Katharine Celia Greder Jan 2013

The Rise And Fall Of American Marionette Theatre: Conservation Of The Bil Baird Puppet Collection, 1918-1987, Katharine Celia Greder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One part conservation assessment and one part historical background, this thesis stems from work conducted in the summer of 2012 at MacNider Art Museum in Mason City, Iowa. Funded by the Otto Thieme Scholarship from the Costume Society of America, the research offers a morphological study of the 400 puppets in the Bil Baird puppet collection. Spanning the period from 1918 to 1987, the puppets examined offer a survey of American history throughout the 20th century, in context as well as content. The research catalogued the constituent parts of the object with suggestions for conservation. In an effort to draw ...


Turbines, Nate Pillman Jan 2013

Turbines, Nate Pillman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Turbines is a coming-of-age tale set in rural Iowa just before the wind energy boom of the early 2000s. Through the eyes of three protagonists, I deal with themes of social mobility and otherness--both relevant issues growing up in flyover country. As each character deals with their own sense of identity, they are forced together by the inescapability of small-town life.

The male teenage protagonist, Jake Lakowski, is not used to the quiet, seemingly bland landscape of the Midwest, nor is he used to the unwritten rules of a town where many of his classmates are fourth-generation residents. Always the ...


Science Service And The Origins Of Science Journalism, 1919-1950, Cynthia Denise Bennet Jan 2013

Science Service And The Origins Of Science Journalism, 1919-1950, Cynthia Denise Bennet

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

In 1919, just after the end of World War I, Edward W. Scripps and William E. Ritter joined to form a science news organization dedicated to pioneering the dissemination of accurate, accessible, and engaging news of science to the public primarily through the mainstream media. Scripps, a longtime journalist and successful entrepreneur, and Ritter, a respected biologist and teacher, were convinced of the importance of science knowledge to the American public. They also were concerned about limits and abuses under other political systems where science research was abridged or threatened. They sought to create a "scientific habit of mind ...


Radicals In The Heartland: The Farm Crisis, Immigration, And Community Organizing, Tyler C. Reedy Jan 2013

Radicals In The Heartland: The Farm Crisis, Immigration, And Community Organizing, Tyler C. Reedy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due in part to the short amount of time since the American farm crisis of the 1980s, few historians have done much research on the topic. Even fewer have examined the activism of this time, and those who have suggest that farm crisis activists were less confrontational and more compromise and consensus oriented in their approach than earlier farm organizations. This study contributes to a more robust understanding of the wide-ranging nature of activism during this period by examining the foundations and work of an Iowa-based community organizing group named Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement (CCI). An analysis of interviews ...


Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She Jan 2013

Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineers make continuous effort to improve the sustainability of products, such as using sophisticated manufacturing approaches, conducting rigorous sustainability analysis, and including materials that decrease environmental impact. However, thoughtful sustainability efforts are sometimes hidden from customers, which are wasted sales features if customers do not know or value them. As green marketing messages are not always trusted, another approach is to communicate sustainability to the customer through the product's visible features. This research proposes and tests a newly-created design technique that helps product designers communicate sustainability in the products they design and, in turn, helps customers to think about ...


La Habana, Pedro Xavier Cavazos Jan 2013

La Habana, Pedro Xavier Cavazos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

No Abstract


Making The Best Better: 4-H And Rural Anxiety In The Early Twentieth Century, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2013

Making The Best Better: 4-H And Rural Anxiety In The Early Twentieth Century, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Responding to the problems of the Gilded Age, the early twentieth century was a time of disorder and intense reform. It was during this time that an association known as 4-H made an appearance in American society. Although today 4-H is a large organization with chapters across the nation and beyond, the origin of this club is still a mystery. Even as America's rural population slowly moved toward urban areas, this club spread rapidly across the South and the Midwest. This thesis will investigate why 4-H was born and how it was able to expand so quickly in Iowa ...


Sexual Violence Against Women Of Color: Achieving Agency Through Community Voice, Purposeful Silence, And Responsible Literary Representations, Trisha A. Henderson Jan 2013

Sexual Violence Against Women Of Color: Achieving Agency Through Community Voice, Purposeful Silence, And Responsible Literary Representations, Trisha A. Henderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Overall, my goal in creating this project is to prompt awareness to the issue of sexual violence against women in general; however, I want to bring attention to assault in communities of color, in particular. Women of color are devalued, and sexual violence against multicultural women is often underreported and not taken seriously enough. This thesis consists of three chapters, each one centered on sexual violence against women of color in contemporary American fiction. In Chapter 1, I contrast the use of voice in Harriet Prescott Spofford's "Circumstance" (1860) and Toni Morrison's Beloved (1987), highlighting how women of ...


Subversion And Reclamation: Indigenous Languages In Power, Washburn, And Owens, Mary Stoecklein Jan 2013

Subversion And Reclamation: Indigenous Languages In Power, Washburn, And Owens, Mary Stoecklein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To call the reading audience of commercially published American Indian literature complex is an understatement. Unlike "mainstream" American writers, American Indian writers must shuffle between Native culture and Western culture, mediating the content and structure of their texts so that the information is not only comprehensible to non-Native readers, but also so that these novels circumvent exploitation or commodification of Indigenous cultures. In doing so, American Indian writers--within the commercial context--are required to appeal to three different audiences: a local one, a pan-tribal one, and a non-Native one. A specific place to begin looking at how American Indian writers appeal ...


The Facade Of Inevitibility: Agency, Risk, And The American Academy Of Pediatrics' 2012 Technical Report On Male Circumcision, Chris Jones Jan 2013

The Facade Of Inevitibility: Agency, Risk, And The American Academy Of Pediatrics' 2012 Technical Report On Male Circumcision, Chris Jones

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis will examine the American Academy of Pediatrics' 2012 technical report on male circumcision and how it crafts an argument that infant male circumcision should be preferred over not circumcising. Drawing on theories of agency, this research will suggest that the ability for parents to choose is limited through the way in which the report constructs risk for its readers. In particular, this thesis will explore what role the AAP's report plays in the larger conversation about infant male circumcision. This thesis adds to a conversation about the ways in which medical texts can shape cultural practices, and ...


Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller Jan 2013

Academic Validation Of The Innovation Engineering Program For Use By Ciras And Other Mep Centers For Increasing Innovation In American Companies, Chris Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Innovation Engineering (IE) program, organized by inventor Doug Hall, is an educational workshop that presents methods and strategies to improve innovation. The Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program, a division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), uses this training for their consultants at MEP-funded centers across the United States. The IE program provides insightful recommendations to encourage the success of innovations with three main categories: Create, Communicate, and Commercialize. The most substantial of these categories is the Create category, which provides tools for generating new ideas. The Communicate category lists techniques for effectively communicating these ideas ...


Understanding Second-Hand Retailing: A Resource Based Perspective Of Best Practices Leading To Business Success, Jinhee Han Jan 2013

Understanding Second-Hand Retailing: A Resource Based Perspective Of Best Practices Leading To Business Success, Jinhee Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Second-hand clothing has been traded since the Renaissance era, and widely consumed by a majority of the populace. However, very few studies concerning second-hand retailing and consumer preferences have been conducted, especially in the United States. The present study was conducted to understand second-hand retailers' current marketing practices, sourcing strategies, and resources that lead to their business success. Moreover, unique features and definitions of three specialized types of second-hand retailers (e.g., vintage stores, consignment stores, and thrift stores) were discussed through a typology.

Resource-based theory (RBT) (Barney, 1991) and the Four Experiential Realms (4Es) (Pine & Gilmore, 1999) were ...


The Obituary Writer, Corrie Rhoda Byrne Jan 2013

The Obituary Writer, Corrie Rhoda Byrne

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Marian Zuckerman writes obituaries. The problem is, she doesn't write true obituaries. She writes her clients deaths how she thinks those clients would like to have died, or should have died, or how the client's family think they should have died. A heat attack on the toilet becomes an heroic dash into a burning building. One more drunk night behind the wheel becomes a tragic fall through the ice while ice skating. A garage full of gas fumes becomes a snack for an orca whale at the zoo. But not everyone is so understanding of Marian's view ...


Mapping The Mosaic: Travel Writers And The Construction Of Urban Imaginaries Of Prague And Breslau, 1700-1914, Robert Patrick Jameson Jan 2013

Mapping The Mosaic: Travel Writers And The Construction Of Urban Imaginaries Of Prague And Breslau, 1700-1914, Robert Patrick Jameson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

From the early 18th century to the beginning of World War One, travel writers from Western Europe and North America interacted with and sustained a genre of travel writing that imposed legibility and external schemes of order on Central European cities like Prague and Breslau. By simplifying or ignoring complex populations, environments and ongoing processes of change in these cities, Western travel writers collectively created imaginary constructions of Prague and Breslau that diverged from these historical urban spaces in ways that reveal travel writers' prejudices and the ideological scaffolding that underpins travel writing as a genre. This argument makes an ...


Religious And Spiritual Issues In Group Counseling: Beliefs And Preferences Of University Counseling Center Clients And Therapists, Brian Christopher Post Jan 2013

Religious And Spiritual Issues In Group Counseling: Beliefs And Preferences Of University Counseling Center Clients And Therapists, Brian Christopher Post

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past three decades research on addressing religious and spiritual issues in individual counseling has blossomed, but group counseling has been virtually ignored. The main purpose of the present study was to examine the beliefs and preferences of group counseling clients and therapists regarding the discussion of religious and spiritual concerns, and the appropriateness of religious and spiritual interventions. Participants were 164 clients and 54 therapists participating in counseling groups at nine university counseling centers nationwide. The majority of clients and therapists indicated that religious concerns are an appropriate topic for group counseling, and the majority of clients reported ...


Transnational Identity, Food And Community: The Role Of Women In Cultural Continuity And Resistance, Claudia Marcela Prado Meza Jan 2013

Transnational Identity, Food And Community: The Role Of Women In Cultural Continuity And Resistance, Claudia Marcela Prado Meza

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examined the ways transmigrant women exercise resistance to maintain cultural continuity through food. Transnational migrants from Villachuato to Marshalltown, Iowa, U.S., partially changed their food ways to adapt to the pressures of their work regimes. Transmigrant Villachuatan women used a number of food-related mechanisms to resist cultural pressures for an unhealthy, but easily accessible, diet. The towns of Marshalltown, Iowa and Villachuato, Michoacán, México provided a context for understanding the central role of transmigrant women in the food system and how transnational extended family dynamics intersect with food habits and the food system.

Villachuatan women, as subjects ...


A Study Comparing Table-Based And List-Based Smartphone Interface Usability, Patrick M. Finley Jan 2013

A Study Comparing Table-Based And List-Based Smartphone Interface Usability, Patrick M. Finley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Never before has society seen a technology or medium advance as quickly as the smartphone. With advancements of smartphone technology, many daily tasks can be accomplished easier and faster with smartphone devices, which require more and more people from numerous backgrounds to use a variety of interface layouts. This study hopes to contribute in building a framework for conducting usability studies to assist in creating a foundation for smartphone interface development by evaluating the effectiveness of two commonly used mobile website interfaces. Since smartphone usability studies are relatively new, there is no smartphone software to record or track this kind ...


James Dobson And The American Right: Interdiscursivity And The Construction Of Rhetorical Agency, James Mcafee Jan 2013

James Dobson And The American Right: Interdiscursivity And The Construction Of Rhetorical Agency, James Mcafee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

James Dobson is a pediatric psychologist best known as the figurehead of Focus on the Family, an important social conservative organization that helped to define the American Right's concept of "family values." The books, videotapes, and radio broadcast about parenting that Dobson produced in seventies and eighties, particularly the bestselling Dare to Discipline (1970), were particularly important for shaping arguments used by the conservative side of what we now call "the culture wars." During the past three decades, Dobson has become an increasingly prominent participant in partisan politics, but his career as a public figure is built atop his ...


Into The Hinterland, Kara Marie Weyand Jan 2013

Into The Hinterland, Kara Marie Weyand

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This document accompanies the exhibition Toward the hinterland. Cyanotypes, ceramic forms, monotypes, and paintings investigate the relationships between realms of existence, such as the subconscious and conscious or the physical and mental. The necessity of accepting the constantly changing nature of human existence in the search for a higher consciousness is discussed. Major influences on the body of artwork are identified and analyzed, including my personal experiences with varied topographies, the work of other artists, narrative sources emphasizing dual existence, and Jungian psychology. The overarching themes and processes used to create the work in this exhibition are described. Archaic symbols ...