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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Effect Of Presentation Modality On Predictions Of Children's Communication Ability In The Classroom, Mary Aguila Jun 2002

Effect Of Presentation Modality On Predictions Of Children's Communication Ability In The Classroom, Mary Aguila

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The modified Goodman scale, a hearing loss classification scale, is commonly used to describe audiometric findings for both children and adults (Haggard & Primus, 1999). This scale uses one or two word descriptors for hearing level categories and is based on a pure tone average (PTA), the average of hearing thresholds at 500, 1000, and 2000 Hz. Although these categories were developed from clinical and educational observations (Goodman, 1965), degree of hearing loss has not been shown to reliably predict the educational or language performance of children with hearing impairment (Martin & Clark, 1996). This study was designed to evaluate how the ...


Extensions Of Quandles And Cocycle Knot Invariants, Marina Appiou Nikiforou Jun 2002

Extensions Of Quandles And Cocycle Knot Invariants, Marina Appiou Nikiforou

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Knot theory has rapidly expanded in recent years. New representations of braid groups led to an extremely powerful polynomial invariant, the Jones polynomial. Combinatorics applied to knot and link diagrams led to generalizations. Knot theory also has connections with other fields such as statistical mechanics and quantum field theory, and has applications in determining how certain enzymes act on DNA molecules, for example. The principal objective of this dissertation is to study the relations between knots and algebraic structures called quandles. A quandle is a set with a binary operation satisfying some properties related to the three Reidemeister moves. The ...


The Relationship Between Self-Perceived Benefit As Measured By The Aphab, Cosi And Cphi And The Presence Of Adp In An Elderly Population., Michelle L. Bleiweiss Jun 2002

The Relationship Between Self-Perceived Benefit As Measured By The Aphab, Cosi And Cphi And The Presence Of Adp In An Elderly Population., Michelle L. Bleiweiss

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The self-perceived hearing aid benefit of 38 participants was examined. Of the 38 subjects, 8 were found to have an auditory processing disorder as measured by the Dichotic Sentence Identification (DSI). When compared to the non-APD subjects, there were essentially no significant differences on the APHAB or COSI outcome measures. However, two of the 5 scales of the CHPI did show significant differences. In conclusion, these results do not support the notion of APD having a negative effect on hearing aid benefit. No finding in this study was robust and although there were several trends supporting that APD may impede ...


Building Online Learning: System Insights Into Group Learning In An International Online Environment, Naomi Rose Boyer Jun 2002

Building Online Learning: System Insights Into Group Learning In An International Online Environment, Naomi Rose Boyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The virtual world exists as a dimension between concrete physical reality and abstract fictional fantasy. This cyber essence has become a place of commerce, social development, and educational pursuit. To build an understanding of the Kingdom of the Internet, the resulting case study sought to explore the community learning experiences of groups involved in an international online distance education program to create a tale of the process of a system. An assumption in this research was that the program under study was framed within a social learning context. Therefore, the recommendations and findings must be considered within this context and ...


The Effects Of Animated Textual Instruction On Learners' Written Production Of German Modal Verb Sentences, Elizabeth A. Caplan Jun 2002

The Effects Of Animated Textual Instruction On Learners' Written Production Of German Modal Verb Sentences, Elizabeth A. Caplan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of animation for a technology-assisted German grammar presentation on modal verbs. The premise was that many intangible concepts of dynamic grammar involve syntactic components that possess visuo-spatial characteristics. It was further speculated that these characteristics could be more effectively represented by animated versus static instructional presentations.The supposition that animation would lend pedagogical advantage was supported by dual coding theory (Paivio, 1971, 1990), which posits two functionally separate representational systems, the verbal and the nonverbal, with dynamic mental imagery residing solely in the nonverbal system. The strength of dually coded information is that it is ...


Analysis Of States Gun Control Restrictions, Xiaofeng Cheng Jun 2002

Analysis Of States Gun Control Restrictions, Xiaofeng Cheng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes the policy effects of several state gun control restrictions in the United States. The study employs the data of gun related crimes and gun control restrictions from Statistical Abstract of Criminal Justice Handbook through five years (from 1995 to 2000). Although many scholars have studied previously gun control policy effects on crimes, they always focus on the total violence level and ignore to compare the policy effects of different gun control laws. The present study examines intensively gun related crimes and compares several gun control policies. Pooled data is employed to access the effects of gun control ...


System Integration And Testing Using Object Oriented Programming Based Control, Prashant P. Datar Jun 2002

System Integration And Testing Using Object Oriented Programming Based Control, Prashant P. Datar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Various techniques are used in the process of software development. The requirements of the system being designed and the constraints dictate the selection of a particular method to be used. This thesis attempts to explain the various types of development techniques available to software designers and programmers. It places specific emphasis on the Object Oriented style of design that is presently widely used in all areas of industry. Object Oriented Programming (OOP) involves a number of new concepts that make software design and development more modular. The actual problem is broken down into a number of smaller components and the ...


The Role Of Audiology Assistants In A Clinical Setting, Joseph Kevin Duran Jun 2002

The Role Of Audiology Assistants In A Clinical Setting, Joseph Kevin Duran

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The employment of audiology assistants to relieve masters and doctoral level audiologists of routine tasks is a timely and controversial topic in our field. Berardino (2000) examined the roles of audiology assistants within Veteran's Administration (VA) Hospitals using an e-mail survey that was sent out to VA audiologists. The results of that survey suggested that the majority of VA audiologists were in favor of the participation of audiology assistants in the clinic to varying degrees.

The purpose of this survey was to determine the current attitudes of audiologists and otolaryngologists toward the role of audiology assistants in the hearing ...


The Diffusion Of New Media Scholarship: Power, Innovation, And Resistance In Academe, Judith Rhoades Edminster Jun 2002

The Diffusion Of New Media Scholarship: Power, Innovation, And Resistance In Academe, Judith Rhoades Edminster

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are an evolving genre of graduate student research that is gaining widespread acceptance among universities in the international community. ETDs are also beginning to diffuse slowly among American universities; however, a number of issues continue to work against more rapid adoption among intitutions in the United States.

This dissertation examines ETDs as an evolving electronic research genre by (1) historicizing the situated development of its predecessor, the traditional print dissertation, in nineteenth century German and American Universities; (2) reporting on the current state of the Networked Digital Library of Electronic Theses and Dissertations, an initiative ...


Computerized Dynamic Visual Acuity With Volitional Head Movement In Patients With Vestibular Dysfunction, Erika L. Johnson Jun 2002

Computerized Dynamic Visual Acuity With Volitional Head Movement In Patients With Vestibular Dysfunction, Erika L. Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Patients with non-compensated vestibular dysfunction frequently complain of the ability to maintain dynamic visual acuity during activities which require the movement of the head. When this occurs the patient is experiencing oscillopsia, which is the symptom resulting from a non-functional vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). To measure the presence of oscillopsia, tests of dynamic visual acuity (DVA) may be used.A recent test of DVA has been reported which is administered while patients are walking on a treadmill. Although this test has been shown to be useful in evaluating DVA in patients, there are several disadvantages to treadmill use. These include physical ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between The U-Titer Ii And Hearing Aid Benefit, Maura Koenig Kenworthy Jun 2002

An Examination Of The Relationship Between The U-Titer Ii And Hearing Aid Benefit, Maura Koenig Kenworthy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to measure the effects of audiologic intervention on self-perceived quality of life in the elderly hearing-impaired population. The tested hypothesis was that hearing aid use would result in improved quality of life as measured by utilities. In this study, utilities were obtained using the U-Titer II, an interactive software program designed to measure an individual's health state preference or utility. This study also examined the issue of numeracy, which is described as an understanding of basic probability, and its effect with an individual's ability to accurately complete utilities.

Data from 54 individuals ...


Hamlet Haven: An Online, Annotated Bibliography, Harmonie Anne Haag Loberg Jun 2002

Hamlet Haven: An Online, Annotated Bibliography, Harmonie Anne Haag Loberg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Challenge: Today a daunting quantity of scholarship relating to Hamlet exists. While databases and electronic catalogues aid research, these directories present a virtual wall of minimal bibliographic data. Sorting through lists still takes eons. Meanwhile, new publications are constantly added to the academic stacks that ever threaten to tumble over. The Solution: A web site that groups together scholarly publications using similar approaches and treating similar subjects will translate the overwhelming into the maneuverable. The online medium will provide accessibility to everyone--student, research assistant, instructor, scholar--and will guarantee the opportunity to update this resource on a regular basis. Scope ...


Development Of An Aural Rehabilitation Cd-Rom, Sierra Blake Macdonald Jun 2002

Development Of An Aural Rehabilitation Cd-Rom, Sierra Blake Macdonald

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A need has been established for aural rehabilitation (AR) sessions throughout the years. The literature reviewed here demonstrates that new hearing aid users do benefit from a structured follow-up AR program. However, this need is often not met for a variety of patient and audiologist related factors. Therefore, an AR program that could be viewed at home has been suggested. I have developed a prototype for a CD-ROM based aural rehabilitation (AR) program. Included in the program are communication and speechreading strategies, which are the most prevalent materials in AR. The instructional and interaction portions of the prototype were created ...


Adapting The Scs Method For Estimating Runoff In Shallow Water Table Environments, Caroline Humphrey Masek Jun 2002

Adapting The Scs Method For Estimating Runoff In Shallow Water Table Environments, Caroline Humphrey Masek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rainfall-runoff modeling in the United States has made extensive use of the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number method for computing infiltration losses from rainfall. Even though the method is well established and may be applied to a wide range of environments, it often results in highly erroneous runoff estimates for shallow water table environments. Flat topography, wetlands, and fine sands are characteristics that make places like Florida very different from the environments where the SCS method was originally developed. The SCS method arose from experiments with soils that are dominated by infiltration excess (Hortonian mechanism), where runoff occurs after ...


Selection Of Clinical Trials: Knowledge Representation And Acquisition, Savvas Nikiforou Jun 2002

Selection Of Clinical Trials: Knowledge Representation And Acquisition, Savvas Nikiforou

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

When medical researchers test a new treatment procedure, they recruit patients with appropriate health problems and medical histories. An experiment with a new procedure is called a clinical trial. The selection of patients for clinical trials has traditionally been a labor-intensive task, which involves matching of medical records with a list of eligibility criteria. A recent project at the University of South Florida has been aimed at the automation of this task. The project has involved the development of an expert system that selects matching clinical trials for each patient.

If a patient's data are not sufficient for choosing ...


The Incidence Of Positional Nystagmus In Healthy Participants Revisited, Terri L. Schneider Jun 2002

The Incidence Of Positional Nystagmus In Healthy Participants Revisited, Terri L. Schneider

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of nystagmus found in healthy individuals during the positional testing subtest of the standard vestibular test battery. Positional testing involves moving the patient's head, and sometimes the entire body, into a variety of positions while observing eye movement. The hypothesis of the current study was that a relatively low percentage of participants would display nystagmus during positional testing used routinely in clinical diagnostic procedures. The findings were then compared to those of an earlier study in which 82% of normal, healthy individuals were reported to exhibit nystagmus during this ...


Ammonia Sampling Using Ogawa Passive Samplers, Paul Tate Jun 2002

Ammonia Sampling Using Ogawa Passive Samplers, Paul Tate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this research were to determine the efficacy of using the Ogawaâ passive sampling device (PSD) to measure ammonia and to identify significant ammonia sources adjacent to Hillsborough and Tampa Bay. Ninety-four samplers were deployed over a 180-km2 area for two weeks in October 2001. Within the area sampled were located suburbs, an urban center, major highways, port activities, fertilizer manufacturing, wastewater treatment, coal-combustion power plants, warehousing and dairy farming. The sampled locations were arranged in a triangular grid pattern spaced 1.5 km apart. The pattern was designed to locate circular hot spots with a minimum radius ...


Public Participation In Environmental Management: Seeking Participatory Equity Through Ethnographic Inquiry, John V. Stone Jun 2002

Public Participation In Environmental Management: Seeking Participatory Equity Through Ethnographic Inquiry, John V. Stone

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation reports the activities, methods, and key findings of a doctoral research project in applied anthropology and an environmental anthropology fellowship. The research project was conducted through the Department of Anthropology at the University of Michigan, while the fellowship was sponsored jointly by the Society for Applied Anthropology and the United States Environmental Protection Agency and was conducted through the Great Lakes Fellowship Program of the Great Lakes Commission, in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Together, these projects demonstrated the utility of an ethnographic approach called Risk Perception Mapping (RPM) to the public consultation and social research interests of the Commission ...


The Gatun Structure: A Geological Assessment Of A Newly Recognized Impact Structure Near Lake Gatun In The Republic Of Panama, Livio Leonardo Tornabene Jun 2002

The Gatun Structure: A Geological Assessment Of A Newly Recognized Impact Structure Near Lake Gatun In The Republic Of Panama, Livio Leonardo Tornabene

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Gatun Structure, (Latitude N 09° 05ʹ 58.1", Longitude W 79° 47ʹ 21.8", situated in the triple-canopy rainforest 10 km to the WSW of the Gamboa and about 2 km south of the Isle of Barbacoas, Republic de Panama), is a partially inundated, quasi-concentric surface feature 2.2 - 3km in diameter, which appears in aerial photographs and in radar imagery as an arcuate chain of islands with a raised center. Although the structure has been heavily weathered and altered, it has retained morphology consistent with complex craters: an elevated circular central uplift 500-600 m in diameter and 50m ...


The Presence Of Binaural Interaction Component (Bic) In The Auditory Brainstem Response (Abr) Of Normal Hearing Adults, Man Sze Wong Jun 2002

The Presence Of Binaural Interaction Component (Bic) In The Auditory Brainstem Response (Abr) Of Normal Hearing Adults, Man Sze Wong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the binaural interaction component (BIC) in a large sample of normal hearing adults, and to measure the absolute latency and amplitude of the BIC as a function of the click rate of the stimulus and the electrode montage. The BIC is obtained by subtracting the auditory evoked potential waveform obtained with binaural stimulation from the waveform obtained by adding the responses from the left and right monaural stimulation. The tested hypothesis was that the recordings of the BIC vary among normal hearing individuals, and BIC latency and amplitude values ...


Informed Consent: Its Origins, Purpose, Problems, And Limits, Nancy M. Kettle Jan 2002

Informed Consent: Its Origins, Purpose, Problems, And Limits, Nancy M. Kettle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The doctrine of informed consent, defined as respect for autonomy, is the tool used to govern the relationship between physicians and patients. Its framework relies on rights and duties that mark these relationships. The main purpose of informed consent is to promote human rights and dignity. Some researchers claim that informed consent has successfully replaced patientsʹ historical predispositions to accept physicians' advice without much explicit resistance.

Although the doctrine of informed consent promotes ideals worth pursuing, a successful implementation of these ideals in practice has yet to occur. What has happened in practice is that attorneys, physicians, and hospital administrators ...


The Effects Of Induced Depressed Mood On Recall Of Experiences With Racial Discrimination, Tamra Williams Jan 2002

The Effects Of Induced Depressed Mood On Recall Of Experiences With Racial Discrimination, Tamra Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two studies examined the relationship between reported racial discrimination and depression, and whether this relationship may be due to depressed mood induced influences. In study 1, sixty-four African American undergraduates completed measures of current depression, a racial discrimination index, and rated vignettes that were ambiguous in terms of the presence or absence of racial discrimination. A significant correlation was found between depression and reported racial discrimination. The purpose of Study 2 was to examine the effect of mood on recall of past experiences with discrimination. Groups of subjects were randomly assigned to either a sad mood induction condition or a ...


Long Term Stability Of Self Reported Hearing Aid Benefit In Adults, Gregory J. Spirakis Jan 2002

Long Term Stability Of Self Reported Hearing Aid Benefit In Adults, Gregory J. Spirakis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of hearing aid benefit, as measured by the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB; Cox & Alexander, 1995), between three months post hearing aid fitting and at next the annual audiological re-evaluation. The annual re-evaluation was at least, and as close to nine months as possible, after the previous audiological. The maximum time between the two evaluations was 18 months. Thirty-six hearing aid patients participated in this study. The participants were both male andfemale, and were fitted monaurally or binaurally with hearing aid(s). All participants had sensorineural hearing loss ...