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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University

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Tourist-Technicians: Civilian Diplomacy, Tourism, And Development In Cold War YucatãƒÂ¡N, Katherine Warming Jan 2018

Tourist-Technicians: Civilian Diplomacy, Tourism, And Development In Cold War YucatãƒÂ¡N, Katherine Warming

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In 1964, the United States Agency for International Development created the Partners of the Alliance for Progress to match state-level civilian volunteer organizations in the United States and Latin America. Local Partners of the Alliance chapters coordinated cultural, technical, and material exchanges between civilians in two sub-national regions to increase the visibility and perceived efficacy of the Alliance for Progress within Latin American communities. Previous works on Cold War diplomacy in Latin America have focused on the Alliance for Progress as a largely-ineffective federal program. These studies have neglected the role of the civilian Partners volunteers in supporting Alliance activity ...


The Power Of Belief: Implementing Self-Efficacy In The Studio And The Classroom, Taylor M. Carlson Jan 2018

The Power Of Belief: Implementing Self-Efficacy In The Studio And The Classroom, Taylor M. Carlson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The concept of self-efficacy is critical to success. Self-efficacy has two facets: a person’s ability to technically execute a task, and the person’s belief that they can do it. This thesis details the study and execution of self-efficacy my classroom and my studio—primarily in my graphic novel Knocking on the Sky.

Knocking on the Sky is a graphic novel I’ve been working on for four years with my collaborator, Stefanie Dao. It’s is a story about the things we care about: the importance of found family, the daily brush of the divine against the ridiculous ...


Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins Jan 2018

Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology continues to take a more prominent role within our relationships. Although the Internet allows for more connectivity, it also disconnects people from family and friends in face-to-face situations. As mobile digital technologies continue to advance, they create more and more opportunities for distraction and overuse. With an ever-growing market of smart devices with enhanced abilities, it's important that partners are aware of the implications of their use.

To develop a deeper understanding of how digital technology impacts romantic relationships, a digital survey and two data collection studies were administered. Vital information was collected to further develop an understanding ...


The Echoes Of Buddha, Jesus Christ, And Fredrich Nietzsche In Cormac Mccarthy’S The Sunset Limited, Hee-Seong Lim Jan 2018

The Echoes Of Buddha, Jesus Christ, And Fredrich Nietzsche In Cormac Mccarthy’S The Sunset Limited, Hee-Seong Lim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As many of Cormac McCarthy scholars have agreed, McCarthy’s film adaptations as well as published novels conspicuously have engaged in religious themes. The purpose of this thesis is to explore religious aspects of the film adaptation of McCarthy’s The Sunset Limited (2011) from Buddhist, Christian, and atheist perspectives. This thesis’ Buddhist reading of The Sunset Limited is the first attempt among religious interpretations of McCarthy’s text, and this is expected to open a new horizon in the religious analysis of McCarthy’s film. The Sunset Limited shows a tension between Black and White, and the tension represents ...


Redefining Feminist Rhetoric In Stand-Up Comedy: Offering Cultural Critique Through Subversion And Silence, Arline Karen Votruba Jan 2018

Redefining Feminist Rhetoric In Stand-Up Comedy: Offering Cultural Critique Through Subversion And Silence, Arline Karen Votruba

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigates the use of feminist humor paired with specific rhetorical strategies in Netflix Original comedy specials in order to identify how female comics are gaining success through their public social critique. Specifically, this thesis details the sparse history of women in stand-up comedy, debunking the claim that women are not funny and instead articulating the power structure at play, which has limited opportunities for women comics. This project asserts that Netflix is offering a significant number of women’s voices through the online streaming service, demonstrating a shift in popular culture with feminist implications. After detailing the historical ...


Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan Jan 2018

Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to tremendous contributions of the fashion industry to environmental degradation, novel sustainable materials and practices are becoming increasingly important. The purpose of this research was to investigate consumer perceptions of fashion products made from bacterial cellulose (BC), a novel sustainable material. Research objectives were to: (a) understand how consumers perceive and characterize BC material based on the senses of touch, sight, smell, and hearing; (b) identify areas for material improvement and potential barriers and motivations for consumer acceptance of products made of BC; and (c) evaluate the acceptability of BC, from a consumer perspective, as a novel material for ...


Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer Jan 2018

Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Through my project, Traces: a farm in eastern Iowa, I photograph interior and exterior spaces of Kenny and June Friederick’s retired dairy farm. The images provide record of the home and acreage throughout 2017 and early 2018, a time when farming practices are rapidly evolving. Grouped with aerial photographs and farm day books (1980 - current), the project shares a representation of the farm as it exists today and a reference to the history of the space. Through the combination of photographs and text, I present a tribute to the immeasurable contribution of a farmer to his or her land ...


On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry Jan 2018

On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fictionality is regularly used for rhetorical purposes but has been rarely studied, except as it has been used in traditional forms of fiction. This dissertation draws upon rhetorical theory and narrative theory to propose an original analytic framework for isolating and examining the dynamics activated by and peculiar to the employment of fictionality for rhetorical purposes, particularly persuasion and pedagogy. The use of fictionality in ethics thought experiments and business communication textbooks is examined in detail to illustrate this analytic framework.


Family Systems Associations With Obesogenic Behaviors Among Rural Latino And White Families, Brianna Routh Jan 2018

Family Systems Associations With Obesogenic Behaviors Among Rural Latino And White Families, Brianna Routh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although obesity rates in the United States have stabilized at the national level, disparities continue to exist among rural, low-income, and Latino children. Research has identified obesogenic behaviors in the home as leading contributors to child obesity, and these behaviors are potentially influenced by individual, family, and contextual factors. This dissertation examined data collected as part of the multi-state Rural Families Speak about Health Project and the associated Iowa Latino Family Project. Through regression and moderation analyses, Chapter 3 explored how family relationships influence children’s obesogenic behaviors in the home among Latino immigrant and White families living in rural ...


Generating Branding Buzz On Social Media For A Pop-Up Store: Focused On Brand Experience, Huiwon Lim Jan 2018

Generating Branding Buzz On Social Media For A Pop-Up Store: Focused On Brand Experience, Huiwon Lim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of graphic designers or brands in building a good brand experience in a pop-up store for generating branding buzz on social media. Brands are trying to build up good brand experience through their branding promotions in order to get to good brand identity and image for their customers. Brands are also using diverse social media as a platform for their brand communication with their customers. Recently, a pop-up store is used as an experiential store for creating the good brand experience and for getting positive buzz related to the brand ...


Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter Jan 2018

Neoliberal Effects As Seen In Village Health Dispensaries Within The Kedougou Region Of Southeast Senegal, Samantha Salter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My research lead me to the Kedougou Region of southeastern Senegal, a rural area struggling for accessible healthcare. This paper explores how neoliberal health reforms have negatively affected access to quality health care in rural Senegal. I used ethnographic research methods, such as in person interviews and participant observation during my fieldwork in Senegal from May through August 2017. In analyzing my interview and observation data, I applied a localist, semi-structured approach and utilized a critical ethnographic perspective. Over 2-months worth of observations and 15 interviews yielded data that illustrates the lasting effects of neoliberal economic reforms from 30 years ...


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2018

Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The rise of the corporation is one of the most transformative events in the history of United States, including the agricultural economy. Seeking to understand how these private businesses influence American foodways, my research examines the emergence of agribusiness in the period after 1945. These private entities manipulated the physical and metaphysical landscape of agriculture to sell not just their products, but also to remake rural America in a way that suited their needs. Agribusinesses wanted to make themselves, their products, and their specific vision of production and consumption, indispensable to the agricultural system. They intended to expand their hold ...


Saltwater: A Novel In Verse, Ebonesiah Morrow Jan 2018

Saltwater: A Novel In Verse, Ebonesiah Morrow

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Saltwater is an experimental novel that blurs the boundaries between fiction, creative

nonfiction, and poetry. Through a compilation of episodes, lyrical meditations,

vignettes, and poems, the novel tells the story of Iman Hope, an Afro-Caribbean girl

who strives to find her own voice and autonomy hidden under low self-esteem and

anxiety.


Desegregating The Stands: De Facto Segregation Redrawn Through Social Interaction And Sports At The University Of Mississippi In The 1970s, Nathan Robert Smith Jan 2018

Desegregating The Stands: De Facto Segregation Redrawn Through Social Interaction And Sports At The University Of Mississippi In The 1970s, Nathan Robert Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In September of 1972, Robert “Gentle Ben” Williams became the first black football player for the University of Mississippi. This study focuses on the formal and informal forms that segregation took place on campus at the University of Mississippi during his tenure. With the introduction of Williams on the Rebels squad, all major Division I football teams achieved a level of at least token integration. An examination of the student body at the school reveals segregated spaces formed informally between white and black students on campus.

By probing the student produced newspapers the minutia of day to day life, along ...


Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni Jan 2018

Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Work homes have been used by the people since ancient times but, today people are preferring more to use work-home ideology because of technological advantages, time saving, budget savings etc. Advancements in communications have created new ideologies like work from home etc.

I believe work-homes are a broader concept than what's currently existing. Many architects have researched on integrated spaces and defined the typologies of them. That existing research was about the immobile integrated spaces, but very limited research has been done on the design elements that influence the space in these buildings and no proper research is done ...


Toward A Definition Of Moral Decorum: Understanding The Pennsylvania Hall Address As An Ethical Response To The Constraints Of Public Expectations Through Angelina Grimke’S Use Of Sacred Kairos And Biblical Allusion, Krista Klocke Jan 2018

Toward A Definition Of Moral Decorum: Understanding The Pennsylvania Hall Address As An Ethical Response To The Constraints Of Public Expectations Through Angelina Grimke’S Use Of Sacred Kairos And Biblical Allusion, Krista Klocke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

On the 17th of May, 1838, Angelina Grimke addressed a promiscuous audience in the newly-built Pennsylvania Hall. By speaking publicly on abolition and women’s rights, Grimke responded to the exigencies of her space, her audience’s (dis)interest, and the violent protestations of the mob which interrupted her remarks, but broke with the societal decorum. Decorum has been central to rhetorical theory since the classical period, functioning as an element of audience analysis. Although decorum has been traditionally considered as saying what is “right” given societal expectations, sometimes it is impossible for the rhetor to follow decorum when reacting ...


Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall Jan 2018

Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In June 1981, the Sandinista Police conducted a series of arrests of prostitutes throughout Nicaragua. The Sandinistas (or the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) triumphed over the previous dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle, assuming control over the country in the summer of 1979. The Sandinistas, a revolutionary group influenced by socialist ideology, led a revolution (1979-1990) that sought to change multiple aspects of Nicaraguan society, including the economic role of women. Why did the Sandinistas focus on eradicating prostitution at a time of internal division and international conflict? In March 1982, the FSLN created the Institute of Social ...


Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning Jan 2018

Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a mixed-methods study that employs both quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the visuals used in the reporting of the Zika virus and to determine if the changes these images undergo as they are “accommodated” for different audiences constitute a genre shift. The qualitative analysis examines images from three tiers of publications: peer reviewed academic articles, government and specialized sources, and publications intended for the general public. Each image is coded by tier, type (e.g., table, graph, photograph), and rhetorical genre (forensic, deliberative, epideictic). A genre shift is observed between Tier Two and Tier Three with ...


Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He Jan 2018

Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

“Blog” is a concentrate of “weblog” and was invented in the late 1990s to provide a chronological ordered calendar style method of discussion or informational websites published on the Internet. People are motivated by different reasons to start or run a blog, which means there are many different types of blogs. Some blogs focus on a particular subject such as a lifestyle blog, which is best defined as a digital content representation of its author's everyday life and interests.

Blogging in itself is quite popular, but it would not be what it is today without blog platforms such as ...


Field Notes From An Infalling Observer Sequence_(8) Unidentified Inquiry / Unknown Wave, Joel Nathanael Hughes Jan 2018

Field Notes From An Infalling Observer Sequence_(8) Unidentified Inquiry / Unknown Wave, Joel Nathanael Hughes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Field Notes From an Infalling Observer, Sequence 8, and Unidentified Inquiry / Unknown Wave, are three intermedia projects comprising the body of creative work in fulfillment of my M.F.A. thesis. In Field Notes From an Infalling Observer, a collection of poetry and computer generated typographic designs, narrative themes of annihilation, communication, and rebirth are explored. (It must be noted that an infalling observer is a theoretical observer entering a black hole.)

The non-linear narrative follows The Observer through a series of events on their way to study a black hole in the heart of the Hercules Galaxy. While traveling ...


Swagger Like Us: Black Millennials’ Perceptions Of 1990s Urban Brands, Courtney Danielle Johnson Jan 2018

Swagger Like Us: Black Millennials’ Perceptions Of 1990s Urban Brands, Courtney Danielle Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Hip-hop is a significant cultural and artistic phenomenon that was created in the Black community and has since spread around the world (Aldridge & Stewart, 2005). Hip-hop culture has a unique and authentic clothing style, music style, and language (McLeod, 1999). The relationship between hip-hop culture, rap music, and fashion has global appeal (Power & Hauge, 2008). This research is centered around the evolution of this cultural fashion movement in Black history as it relates to Black millennials today and their experiences fashioning their bodies. There is not a significant amount of literature on urbanwear brands that came out of hip-hop culture or the owners of these fashion brands. The purpose of this study is to examine Black millennials attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) about their perceptions and knowledge of prominent, Black-owned, urban fashion brands that emerged in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s during the hip-hop fashion revolution. Black millennials currently attending or who are alumni of HBCU’s were specifically chosen as the focus of this study because of the heightened immersion in Black culture that a HBCU environment provides. Throughout history, Black individuals have contributed significantly to American society, and hip-hop culture is one of those contributions as it was a major cultural revolution. While Black appearance and clothing has been under scrutiny in America since slavery, urbanwear fashion was a way for Black individuals to express themselves and represent their community. Ethnic dress, such as urban styles of dress, are clothing worn by individuals to express their belonging to a community with a common heritage (Kaiser, 2012; Eicher & Sumberg, 1995). The participants in this study explained their experiences with urban fashion brands, support of Black-owned brands, stereotypes associated with urban fashion, and how hip-hop and urbanwear still inspires their style today. The narratives and perceptions from Black individuals has changed over time and viewing urban fashion through the lens of various social science theories such as Critical Race Theory, Afrocentric theory, and symbolic interaction will further explain the relationship between Black millennials and 1990s ...


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...


Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody Jan 2018

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cortisol patterns differ across both socioeconomic status and racial minority groups. Yet, whether the underlying constructs that are used to measure socioeconomic status impacts the output of cortisol differentially across racial groups is unclear. Using a secondary data analysis from the Parents Who Care longitudinal study, which integrated the biomarker cortisol as youth entered emerging adulthood, the goal of this thesis is to parse apart the common conflation of income and education into a single catchall variable.

The following data was collected in 2 waves from a group of youth who were (M=20.24; R=18.51-22.89) years ...


Manipulation Within The Language Of Love: Politeness Theory, Abuse, And Woody Allen’S Match Point, Stacy Petersen Jan 2018

Manipulation Within The Language Of Love: Politeness Theory, Abuse, And Woody Allen’S Match Point, Stacy Petersen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Politeness theory, proposed by linguists Penelope Brown and Stephen Levinson, posits that power (P), social distance (D), and riskiness (R) of a face-threatening act (FTA) are universally key factors in determining politeness strategies in conversation between two individuals. However, politeness can be used as a form of manipulation, masking the speaker’s true intentions. By using abuse as the underlying intention, I test this claim by analyzing Woody Allen’s Match Point. This film is used because: (1) there are no obvious signs of abuse before a major act of physical violence; (2) an adulterous relationship provides ample manipulative speech ...


Khana Khanu Bhayo (Have You Eaten)? Traditional Rice Varieties, Land Tenure, And Social Structure In Nepal’S Mid-Hills, Marie Louise Ryan Jan 2018

Khana Khanu Bhayo (Have You Eaten)? Traditional Rice Varieties, Land Tenure, And Social Structure In Nepal’S Mid-Hills, Marie Louise Ryan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on research conducted in two villages of Lamjung District in the mid-hills of Nepal, this thesis examines how social structures of caste, ethnicity, and gender, as well as land tenure affect the conservation of traditional rice varieties. Resource-poor farmers in Nepal possess a great wealth of traditional rice varieties. While subsistence farmers continue to maintain a large portion of Nepal’s rice varieties, these individuals represent poor, marginalized members of society. As populations flee rural areas for urban conveniences and economic opportunities abroad, the social dynamics of subsistence farming are shifting. The agricultural landscape of Lamjung has traditionally been ...


Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva Jan 2018

Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Communication processes between citizens and institutions differ according to the culture, politics, and economies in different societies. However, under certain circumstances, communication patterns may share common elements across cultures, especially if a social issue has cross-national characteristics. This study aims to analyze cross-cultural variations in anti-nuclear protests that emerged in Kazakhstan in 1989 and were continuing in the U.S. that year. Based on the theory of political opportunity, this critical discourse analysis illustrates what sorts of approaches activists used to promote their resistance to nuclear testing. The nature of activists’ antinuclear arguments, their choice of communication tools, and local ...


Cogwheels Of The Fantastic: The Mechanisms Of Medieval Fantasy, Michael Joseph Wettengel Jan 2018

Cogwheels Of The Fantastic: The Mechanisms Of Medieval Fantasy, Michael Joseph Wettengel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis critically analyzes the fundamental mechanics of the medieval fantasy genre, including its relationship with violence, environment, worldbuilding, and power dynamics. This thesis aims to help establish the start of a lexicon of shared terminology and fantasy novum to better facilitate criticism of medieval fantasy as a distinct genre. Fantasy, Tolkien, and science fiction scholars, amongst others, feature in this thesis to elucidate the current scholarly conversations surrounding fantasy. Said authors also help to illustrate the two primary, fundamental forces of medieval fantasy that this thesis posits are key to understanding the genre for the sake of further critical ...


Children With A Cause: Training Antebellum Children For The Abolition Of Slavery, Erik A. Stumpf Jan 2018

Children With A Cause: Training Antebellum Children For The Abolition Of Slavery, Erik A. Stumpf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the efforts of abolitionists in the antebellum United States to recruit children to join in their battle against slavery. From the very beginnings of this movement, abolitionists understood that reaching adults would be virtually impossible and turned to children, whom they considered to be natural enemies of slavery, to become the catalyst which they believed would inspire people across the nation to combat slavery and successfully seek its end. Abolitionists constructed a new model of childhood which viewed children not as people who needed to be taught obedience, but people who needed to be instructed in ways ...


Packaging Design Development For Taiwanese Souvenirs, Wei-En Yang Jan 2018

Packaging Design Development For Taiwanese Souvenirs, Wei-En Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Purchasing souvenirs from a foreign country is a way for tourists to preserve a memory of travel or bestow as a gift to others. Souvenirs are one of the prevalent elements that promote the identities of cultures. The purchasing preferences of souvenirs are influenced by various attributes, such as local branding, and packaging features. Therefore, distinctive souvenir packaging design can both communicate the identity of the culture and attract consumers’ attention. In addition to the basic purposes of containing, protecting, identifying, and distinguishing products, souvenir packages can deliver a cultural representation. Effective souvenir package design can be a way to ...