Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 83

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Intersecting Stories: Cultural Reflexivity, Digital Storytelling, And Personal Narratives In Language Teacher Education, Julie Vivienne Dell-Jones Apr 2018

Intersecting Stories: Cultural Reflexivity, Digital Storytelling, And Personal Narratives In Language Teacher Education, Julie Vivienne Dell-Jones

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This narrative inquiry dissertation explores stories from three students over a two-year trajectory as they develop into language educators in diverse contexts. The study begins in a teacher education course focused on technology for language teaching in English as a second language (ESOL) and foreign language education (FLE) classrooms. As instructor, I implemented a digital storytelling (DS) project with the pedagogical goal of supporting the much-needed practice of reflexivity, and specifically, reflexivity of intercultural competence (IC) and culturally-responsive pedagogy (CRP). The DS, as an autoethnographic multimodal narrative activity, provided a creative outlet for undergraduate and master’s level students to ...


Lexical Stress Features Affecting The Recognition Of English Loanwords In Korean By Native English Hearers, Yunhyun Lee Nov 2017

Lexical Stress Features Affecting The Recognition Of English Loanwords In Korean By Native English Hearers, Yunhyun Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Unlike some Asian languages (e.g., Korean), English has lexical stress manifested by four acoustic features: duration, intensity, F0 (pitch), and vowel quality. Lexical stress has been known to have significant influences on native English speakers’ recognition of spoken words. According to Cutler (2015), lexical stress has both suprasegmental and segmental features: Suprasegmental features include duration, intensity, and F0 while vowel quality is considered a segmental feature. However, it is still unclear which lexical features are more responsible for spoken word recognition. This study examined which features, suprasegmental features or vowel quality of English, are a more significant influencer in ...


Latino Mothers’ Responsiveness And Bilingual Language Development In Young Children From 24 Months To 36 Months, Rica Ramirez Jul 2017

Latino Mothers’ Responsiveness And Bilingual Language Development In Young Children From 24 Months To 36 Months, Rica Ramirez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This longitudinal study examined the role maternal responsiveness had on shaping Spanish and English language development in bilingual two year-old children. Because children who are bilingual language learners are oftentimes coming from low socioeconomic families it is essential that we investigate the ways in which they develop language in order to better serve this population. Maternal responsiveness is one source in which we can examine early language development of young bilingual children. Eight Latino mother-child dyads were observed and assessed at three time points. Each observation was coded for maternal responsive behaviors. Regression and multilevel modeling was used in order ...


(Age)Ncy In Composition Studies, Alaina Tackitt Mar 2017

(Age)Ncy In Composition Studies, Alaina Tackitt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of adult learners entering or returning to institutions of higher education is increasing in general and in relation to the traditional student population, and projections suggest that the trend will continue. As automation and technology impact the labor force, educational access is becoming a national concern and a necessity for more adult learners. Access to higher education impacts minority and economically depressed populations disproportionally and increases the personal and professional success of adult students and the long-term prosperity of their families. Although Composition Studies has a history of recognizing and facilitating student populations as they enter the Academy ...


The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat Jan 2017

The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite their importance, teacher’s manuals (TM) have never drawn much attention in language teaching research, and therefore they have not been researched from the perspective of pronunciation teaching. It may be that they have not been perceived as having a role more than being an answer key for student materials (Sheldon, 1987). However, TMs deserve attention since curriculum materials - including TMs - have a positive impact on teachers’ learning and professional development (Grossman & Thompson, 2008). TMs may especially be crucial in supporting teachers in pronunciation teaching since many teachers find this skill challenging because of lack of training (Foote, Holtby, & Derwing, 2011), lack of experience (Burns, 2006), lack of knowledge (Baker & Murphy, 2011), and lack of confidence (Bernat, 2008).

This study investigated native and non-native English-speaking teachers’ (NEST and NNEST) cognitions – mainly knowledge –in relation to (1) pronunciation teaching and (2) pronunciation teaching materials. In addition, the study explored (3) how teachers used an online teacher’s manual (OTM) and (4) what kind of influences the OTM had on pronunciation teachers’ cognitions about and confidence in pronunciation teaching. Data of this study for the first two research questions came from the survey responses of 54 teachers (NEST=34; NNEST=20) and interview responses of 24 teachers (NEST=14; NNEST=10). Data for the third and fourth research questions came from the weekly journal responses and ...


Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman Jan 2017

Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and gain an in-depth understanding of the day-to-day lived engagement experiences of six adult ELL students enrolled in an advanced-manufacturing program at a midwestern community college. Specifically, this study collected the rich engagement stories andmeaning participants assignedto their stories and experiences. The essence of these experiences was solicited by asking two questions: (a) What are the perceived on-campus engagement experiences and social networks that support and promote success amongadult ELL students in advanced manufacturing and(b) Are there perceived engagement experience issues and barriers for adult ELL students? Two theories, Alexander ...


User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer Jan 2017

User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organizations interested in increasing their user experience (UX) capacity lack the tools they need to know how to do so. This dissertation addresses this challenge via three major research efforts: 1) the creation of User Data Spectrum theory and a User Data Spectrum survey for helping organizations better invest resources to grow their UX capacity, 2) a new UX method and model for organizations that want to capitalize on spoken words from end users called Rapid Meaningful Scenarios (RMS), and 3) a recommendation for UX education in response to the current ACM SIGCHI education Living Curriculum initiative. The User Data ...


Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose Jan 2017

Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study investigates knowledge transfer in college students

whose high school Advanced Placement (AP) or dual credit (DC) English courses

enabled them to opt out of the first level of composition at Iowa State University

(ISU). Although early college credit (ECC) students’ university writing

performances have been studied, writing transfer has not been adequately

studied in this population before. The influence of these students’ lived

experiences require more consideration from scholars because of the growing

number of students who enter advanced university classes by virtue of credits

earned in high school.

Thirteen students from a variety of backgrounds, majors ...


Writing Groups In Eighth-Grade Honors Language Arts: Student And Teacher Perceptions, Jennifer Sara Meister Denmon Jul 2016

Writing Groups In Eighth-Grade Honors Language Arts: Student And Teacher Perceptions, Jennifer Sara Meister Denmon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this qualitative case study, I investigated eighth-grade honors students’ and their language arts teacher’s perceptions of the support provided in writing groups, the climate in writing groups, and student and teacher support that enhanced students’ motivation to write in writing groups. Eleven study participants engaged in the inquiry, 10 middle school students and one language arts teacher. I collected data during the fall semester of 2014. Data were individual interviews, classroom observations of participants in writing groups, and program-related documents. The main aim in this investigation is to discover middle school students’ and their teacher’s perceptions of ...


Foreign Language College Achievement And The Infusion Of Three Selected Web 2.0 Technologies: A Mixed Method Case Study, Eulises Avellaneda Apr 2016

Foreign Language College Achievement And The Infusion Of Three Selected Web 2.0 Technologies: A Mixed Method Case Study, Eulises Avellaneda

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Web 2.0 technologies such as blogs, Google Docs, and YouTube have become ubiquitous in today’s world of second and foreign language learning and have been the object of study (Wang & Vásquez, 2012), yet there is still a need to examine quantitatively and qualitatively how these tools impact the proficiency achievement levels of learners who use them. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact that blogs, Google Docs, and YouTube had on the achievement of college learners of Spanish as a foreign language. A mixed methods design was adopted.

The quantitative data were collected from students ...


When Maps Ignore The Territory: An Examination Of Gendered Language In Cancer Patient Literature, Joanna Bartell Apr 2016

When Maps Ignore The Territory: An Examination Of Gendered Language In Cancer Patient Literature, Joanna Bartell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cancer patients report having a high need for cancer information. Several studies show that the majority of patients surveyed report preferring information from the American Cancer Society (ACS). Ranging up to 129 pages, the ACS’ Detailed Guides (DG) are widely distributed throughout the United States, and offer patients an authoritative guide to help patients navigate the difficult terrain of the cancer journey. This dissertation examines the ACS’ cervical, endometrial, ovarian, penile, prostate, testicular, and vaginal cancer guides. Through a rhetorical analysis of the 7 guides, it was shown that the ACS DGs in question foster gendered narratives that strictly limit ...


Reflections On Global Competence By Four Design Educators, Philip A. Bulone Apr 2016

Reflections On Global Competence By Four Design Educators, Philip A. Bulone

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This inquiry investigated four design educators’ perspectives and beliefs of global competence teaching and learning, and aimed to inform effective global competence curricula planning and instruction across disciplines. The literature uncovered multiple reasons to warrant design educator reflections: (a) similarities among global competence and design thinking characteristics, (b) design education accreditation emphasis on globally oriented standards, and (c) design thinking as a resource to improve practices across disciplines. Accordingly, the inquiry employed a qualitative design and a multiple case-study approach. Data collection methods included: (a) interviews, (b) image artifacts, and (c) researcher reflective memos. A comparative analysis used systematic coding ...


Developing Ethical Leadership: An Analysis Of Business Ethics Education In National Liberal Arts Colleges In The United States, James Stewart Welch Apr 2016

Developing Ethical Leadership: An Analysis Of Business Ethics Education In National Liberal Arts Colleges In The United States, James Stewart Welch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to survey and compare current undergraduate business ethics curricular strategies and preferences among national liberal arts colleges in the United States. There are 180 national liberal arts colleges as classified by the U.S. News and World Report Rankings with a significant percentage of these liberal arts colleges offering economics and/or business administration majors. The primary purpose of the study was to examine the survey responses of business school administrators (and/or professors) who work with undergraduate business education in national liberal arts colleges regarding undergraduate business ethics education.

The three research questions address curriculum ...


The Effects Of Processing Instruction On Chinese Learners' Acquisition Of Spanish Copulae, Wesley Curtis Feb 2016

The Effects Of Processing Instruction On Chinese Learners' Acquisition Of Spanish Copulae, Wesley Curtis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Processing instruction (PI) is a language teaching technique based upon the model of input processing developed by VanPatten (1993, 1996, 2002, 2004). The present study investigated the effects of PI as well as two other experimental conditions (traditional instruction and control) on the acquisition of the Spanish copulae ser and estar by 66 Chinese university students enrolled in a blended (partially presential and partially online) fourth-semester language course. The PI treatment condition included non-paradigmatic grammar explanations, processing strategies designed to help learners avoid commiting errors they may be predisposed to make, and structured input activities which eliminate redundant features of ...


Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma Jan 2016

Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many factors, such as lack of time, access to technology resources, and professional development, have been indicated as barriers to technology integration in teaching. One possible way to support teachers as they integrate technology into their instruction is through professional learning communities . The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how teachers experienced a Professional Learning Community (PLC) focused on integrating technology into literacy instruction. In this study, the PLC framework was situated as the means for teacher learning and planning. As such, it provided opportunities for teachers to learn from one another as well as share their ...


The Present Status Of Women's And Gender Studies Programs At Community Colleges, Alissa Kristine Stoehr Jan 2016

The Present Status Of Women's And Gender Studies Programs At Community Colleges, Alissa Kristine Stoehr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

According to the State University of New York-Oneanta (2013), “women’s and gender studies is an interdisciplinary field of study that takes gender as its main category of analysis, and works to reframe the place of gender as essential to the workings of social, cultural, political, and economic systems.” These programs, especially at community colleges, have not benefitted from much research and/or scholarship within the last ten years. For this reason, I chose to explore the history of women’s and gender studies programs at community colleges, their place within higher education, and the creation and maintenance of such ...


A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati Jan 2016

A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teacher Development Programs (TDPs) in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) aim to develop teachers' knowledge as well as positive attitudes toward technology. Previous studies (Liu & Kelinsasser, 2015; Tai, 2015, 2013; Rienities, Brouwer, & Lygo-Baker, 2013; Wong & Benson, 2006; Chao, 2006; Hegelheimer, 2006; Yildirim, 2000) show that teachers develop their CALL technical pedagogical knowledge through participation in CALL TDPs. In addition to the development of their knowledge, teachers also increase their positive attitudes toward technology after CALL TDPs as revealed in previous studies such as Tai (2013); Kessler (2007); Hegelheimer (2006); Meskill, Anthony, Hilliker-VanStrander, Tseng, and You (2006), and Yildirim (2000). Regarding teachers' CALL knowledge, it is believed that ...


Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens Jan 2016

Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on how four Black women described their retention and persistence; how institutional retention efforts support or hinder Black women’s perceptions of their ability to persist; and how institutional programs, processes, and policies can be transformed to support the retention and persistence of Black women attending community college. In 2012, 38 percent of Black women in college were enrolled in community colleges, 60 percent were over the age of 25, and 65.3 percent were considered low income.

Although there has been extensive research conducted on retention and persistence broadly, only two studies were identified that focused ...


#Networkedglobe: Making The Connection Between Social Media And Intercultural Technical Communication, Laura Anne Ewing Nov 2015

#Networkedglobe: Making The Connection Between Social Media And Intercultural Technical Communication, Laura Anne Ewing

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Preparing students of technical communication in the twenty-first century means training them to rhetorically utilize a wide variety of online tools. Technical communicators are now required to employ social media applications on a daily basis to communicate with clients, consumers, colleagues, and other organizations. These online modes have also opened the door to global communication wider and continue to present opportunities and challenges to technical communicators worldwide. Using Japan as a model, this dissertation sought to demonstrate a rhetorical exigency for teaching intercultural social media communication strategies to future technical communicators in the United States. The goal of this dissertation ...


A Case Study Of Four Female Electrician Technicians In A Male-Dominated Occupation, Maniphone S. Dickerson Nov 2015

A Case Study Of Four Female Electrician Technicians In A Male-Dominated Occupation, Maniphone S. Dickerson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons the four female participants decided to pursue electrician technician training, their perspectives of the apprenticeship program, their perceptions of successful employment in a male-dominated occupation, and differences in treatment based on their gender. The exploratory questions that guided the study were: what led the females to make the decision for applying to the electrician technician apprenticeship; what was the nature of the education and training experiences of the participants in the electrician technician apprenticeship program, what were the participants’ perceptions of being successful in advancement within the workforce as a ...


Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr. Jan 2015

Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This theoretical research project examines research and literature utilizing different critical lenses to assist in promoting alternative ethnoracial understandings of Latin@ness in the context of higher education. This dissertation sought to problematize and complement how Latin@ student identity development theory and Latin@ Critical Theory are framed and used, and fuses different theoretical bodies of scholarly work to help reveal gaps in current literature that fill a significant void in, and complement current literature on Latin@ identity and culture. This project consist of varying conversations between Latin@ cultural formation, Latin@ oriented theoretical lenses, postcolonialism, antiracism, whiteness and higher education, to ...


Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty Jan 2015

Designing For Interactive Ebooks: An Evaluation Of Effective Interaction Elements In Children’S Ebooks, Karen Marie Doty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

We live in a world where technology is woven into nearly every aspect of our

lives. From the moment we wake, we are surrounded by technology. Technology is

present in our homes, careers and schools, incorporating itself in our daily routines,

entertainment and education. Due to the speed at which technology has evolved, little

research has been completed regarding reading on interactive enhanced eBooks. For

children learning to read in the modern world, eBooks provided on tablets are becoming a

common occurrence.

With this increase of eBook availability, it is of utmost importance that a better

understanding is gained over ...


Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp Jan 2015

Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children and adolescents are faced with a growing number of life’s challenges. Oftentimes, it becomes the responsibility of teachers to assist students in coping with these frequently non-academic issues. Bibliotherapy is one instructional tool teachers can use to help children and adolescents cope with their diverse needs and life’s challenges. In the context of K-12 settings, bibliotherapy is a systematic process utilizing books to transform traditional reading into an instructional strategy to assist educators in meeting the needs of all students. For bibliotherapy to be effective, educators need knowledge of the recommended procedures and understanding of how to ...


An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li Jan 2015

An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

English placement tests have been widely used in higher education as post-admission assessment instruments to measure admitted English as a second language (ESL) students’ English proficiency or readiness in academic English, usually upon their arrival at universities in English-speaking countries. Unlike commercial standardized English proficiency tests, many English placement tests are locally developed with comparatively limited resources and are relatively under-investigated in the field of language testing. Even less attention has been directed to the score interpretation and the impact of placement decisions on ESL students’ English learning and academic achievement. Undoubtedly, this scarcity of research on English placement tests ...


An Examination Of Cooperating Teachers' Observations Of Their Student Teachers In The Areas Of Personal, Teaching, And Musical Skills In The Elementary Classroom, Mark Remsen Cole May 2014

An Examination Of Cooperating Teachers' Observations Of Their Student Teachers In The Areas Of Personal, Teaching, And Musical Skills In The Elementary Classroom, Mark Remsen Cole

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the observations of elementary school music teachers regarding the level of preparation of their most recent student teachers at the beginning of their student teaching experience. Twenty-seven elementary music teachers participated in a survey rating the preparedness of their student teacher in the areas of personal, teaching, and musical skills, and provided free-response feedback concerning the skills and abilities they observed as strong and weak. These responses were compared to the 1997 research completed by David Teachout, where preservice teachers and experienced teachers were asked to list what they felt were ...


Curriculum & Course Design: Preparing Graphic Design & Visual Communication Students, Ryan Gary Wilson Jan 2014

Curriculum & Course Design: Preparing Graphic Design & Visual Communication Students, Ryan Gary Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For a majority of undergraduate design students, their education will lead them to a professional career in professional design practice. It is important to understand how that outcome is connected with a design education. Graphic design and visual communication students are taught differently from university to university, college to college. The intent of this thesis is to fully understand curriculum and course design and how each can be best modified to allow for changing practices in the industry as well as constantly changing technology. There is great importance in understanding the needs for a design education as well as the ...


Anchor And Launching Pad: The Role Of A Latino Cultural Center In The Experience Of Mexican American Students At A Midwestern Predominantly White Institution, Sheila Adele Lozano Jan 2014

Anchor And Launching Pad: The Role Of A Latino Cultural Center In The Experience Of Mexican American Students At A Midwestern Predominantly White Institution, Sheila Adele Lozano

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

By 2011, the U.S. Latina/o population had achieved a key milestone in higher education, becoming the largest racial/ethnic minority group on U.S. college campuses. In the past 20 years, research studies on student success have increasingly focused on the Latina/o student population, particularly at predominantly White institutions. Among the many factors related to college success, ethnic cultural centers have emerged recently as an underexamined but potentially influential aspect of the college experience for students of color.

Using a student success conceptual framework, this case study examined the role of an ethnic cultural center in the ...


The Unexpected Talented Tenth: Black D/Deaf Students Thriving Within The Margins, Lissa Denielle Stapleton Jan 2014

The Unexpected Talented Tenth: Black D/Deaf Students Thriving Within The Margins, Lissa Denielle Stapleton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study grew out of my own lived experiences working with d/Deaf college students as well as a handful of issues uncovered within the literature, particularly around racist and audist microaggressions on campus. In hopes of gaining insight into these issues, six Black d/Deaf alumni, which I refer to as the Unexpected Talented Tenth, joined me on a strength-based journey to co-construct the answers to three questions: (a) How did they make meaning of their undergraduate experiences? (b) How did they experience racial and audist microaggressions while navigating undergrad? (c) How did they use aspects of Black d ...


Dude, Where's My Passport?: An Exploration Of Masculine Identity Of College Men Who Study Abroad, Julie Blaser Yankey Jan 2014

Dude, Where's My Passport?: An Exploration Of Masculine Identity Of College Men Who Study Abroad, Julie Blaser Yankey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this phenomenological study, I examined the experiences of college men who participated in a study abroad program lasting a minimum of one semester. I explored how college men who study abroad described themselves as men, how the views the college men had of themselves influenced their decision to study abroad, how the ways in which the men described themselves as men influenced their experiences while studying abroad, and whether the male students perceived that they had altered their view of masculinity as a result of study abroad. Using the social construction of masculinity and college men gender identity theory ...


Incredi-Bull-Ly Inclusive?: Assessing The Climate On A College Campus, Aubrey Lynne Hall Jan 2014

Incredi-Bull-Ly Inclusive?: Assessing The Climate On A College Campus, Aubrey Lynne Hall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students have unique experiences on campus such as discrimination, exclusivity, and homo/transphobia. Stated simply, this research project intends to address these issues by 1) identify students' perceptions of gender identity and sexual orientation diversity on campus, 2) identify the experiences of LGBT students during their time at the institution, and 3) acknowledge suggestions from the student body for ways the University being studied is, or may continue to be, inclusive of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Through the application of the campus climate framework and modification of existing climate surveys, a student-centered campus ...