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“I Want To Be Who I Am”: Stories Of Rejecting Binary Gender, Ana Balius Jun 2018

“I Want To Be Who I Am”: Stories Of Rejecting Binary Gender, Ana Balius

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Historically, in academic literature—sociological and otherwise—surrounding the daily lives of LGBT+ people, people who reject binary gender are very marginally represented. In this study, I specifically seek to understand the way my participants articulate their sense of their gender identities through the stories they tell of their experiences. This study attempts to answer the following questions: What are the stories of gender identity construction for people who reject binary gender? How do they understand the ways they are held accountable to binary gender in the day-to-day? How do they perceive and make meaning of gender in their lives ...


“Neither East Nor West”: Shia Women Negotiating Gender Norms In America, Raheleh Dayerizadeh Apr 2018

“Neither East Nor West”: Shia Women Negotiating Gender Norms In America, Raheleh Dayerizadeh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With growing hostilities towards the Ummah (Muslim global community and Diaspora) in Western countries and the fear of Sharia laws, the socialization of international human rights norms within religious institutions, makes for a timely case study. Specifically, this dissertation project aims to capture the process of norm transformation at the grassroots level by investigating the religious, cultural, and social encounter between Islam and the West by interviewing Shia women at a local mosque in Florida. Critical constructivism, post-colonial feminism, and qualitative interpretive methods, are used to address the following: how practicing Shia women are navigating between competing liberal gender equality ...


An Intersectional Examination Of Disability And Lgbtq+ Identities In Virtual Spaces, Justine E. Egner Apr 2018

An Intersectional Examination Of Disability And Lgbtq+ Identities In Virtual Spaces, Justine E. Egner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a multi-methodological project that examines the experiences of being both LGBTQ+ and disabled from an intersectional perspective through narratives constructed in virtual spaces. In this project, I address the question ‘how do individuals who identify as both disabled/chronically ill and LGBTQ+ negotiate these often contradictory identities?’ I also complexify this intersectional analysis by examining how LGBTQ+/disabled identities are constructed in relation to race, class, and gender. Additionally, by conducting virtual ethnography as the primary method of data collection, I explore questions pertaining to how members of LBGTQ+ and disability online communities engage in virtual identity ...


Analysis Of User Interfaces In The Sharing Economy, Taylor B. Johnson Mar 2018

Analysis Of User Interfaces In The Sharing Economy, Taylor B. Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis considers claims of discrimination and the interfaces that six platforms use as companies in the sharing economy.

In 2015, Benjamin Edelman, Michael Luca, and an Svirsky did an experiment with Airbnb to test the discrimination of names that sounded distinctly African American. Before and after their findings, there were members of the community who claimed that they had been discriminated against, some suing the company for not upholding their anti-discrimination policy. This leads to the question of how is one able to discriminate against someone whom they have never met and lives thousands of miles away? What information ...


Family Systems Associations With Obesogenic Behaviors Among Rural Latino And White Families, Brianna Routh Jan 2018

Family Systems Associations With Obesogenic Behaviors Among Rural Latino And White Families, Brianna Routh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although obesity rates in the United States have stabilized at the national level, disparities continue to exist among rural, low-income, and Latino children. Research has identified obesogenic behaviors in the home as leading contributors to child obesity, and these behaviors are potentially influenced by individual, family, and contextual factors. This dissertation examined data collected as part of the multi-state Rural Families Speak about Health Project and the associated Iowa Latino Family Project. Through regression and moderation analyses, Chapter 3 explored how family relationships influence children’s obesogenic behaviors in the home among Latino immigrant and White families living in rural ...


Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall Jan 2018

Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In June 1981, the Sandinista Police conducted a series of arrests of prostitutes throughout Nicaragua. The Sandinistas (or the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) triumphed over the previous dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle, assuming control over the country in the summer of 1979. The Sandinistas, a revolutionary group influenced by socialist ideology, led a revolution (1979-1990) that sought to change multiple aspects of Nicaraguan society, including the economic role of women. Why did the Sandinistas focus on eradicating prostitution at a time of internal division and international conflict? In March 1982, the FSLN created the Institute of Social ...


Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva Jan 2018

Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Communication processes between citizens and institutions differ according to the culture, politics, and economies in different societies. However, under certain circumstances, communication patterns may share common elements across cultures, especially if a social issue has cross-national characteristics. This study aims to analyze cross-cultural variations in anti-nuclear protests that emerged in Kazakhstan in 1989 and were continuing in the U.S. that year. Based on the theory of political opportunity, this critical discourse analysis illustrates what sorts of approaches activists used to promote their resistance to nuclear testing. The nature of activists’ antinuclear arguments, their choice of communication tools, and local ...


Get – Get Together, Get Along., Muhammad Bilawal Jan 2018

Get – Get Together, Get Along., Muhammad Bilawal

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study is based on a project which is designed on the framework of social design. The aim of this project is to counter the racist and stereotypical narratives about minoritized and marginalized communities that often find themselves at the receiving ends of negative propaganda, hateful rhetoric and discrimination.

The goal of the research is to determine if social design can play a part in making communities more inclusive, if design can facilitate in starting a conversation towards social issues revolving racism, stereotypes and discrimination

Graphic design and visual imagery are a form of persuasion; the aim is to ...


The Time To Love: Ideologies Of "Good" Parenting At A Family Service Organization In The Southeastern United States, Anna Davidson Abella Nov 2017

The Time To Love: Ideologies Of "Good" Parenting At A Family Service Organization In The Southeastern United States, Anna Davidson Abella

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to understand definitions of what it means to be a “good” parent as described by parents and child development specialists at a family service organization in the Southeastern United States. Previous research on social reproduction and concerted cultivation have opened up pathways to understanding how social and economic inequality manifest in family life and the social structures of which they are a part. This ethnographic study is an effort to contribute to an anthropology of parenting by unveiling the ways that definitions of “good” parenting in middle-class and wealthy communities reflect time-intensive, attachment-based ideologies ...


The Time To Love: Ideologies Of "Good" Parenting At A Family Service Organization In The Southeastern United States, Anna Davidson Abella Nov 2017

The Time To Love: Ideologies Of "Good" Parenting At A Family Service Organization In The Southeastern United States, Anna Davidson Abella

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to understand definitions of what it means to be a “good” parent as described by parents and child development specialists at a family service organization in the Southeastern United States. Previous research on social reproduction and concerted cultivation have opened up pathways to understanding how social and economic inequality manifest in family life and the social structures of which they are a part. This ethnographic study is an effort to contribute to an anthropology of parenting by unveiling the ways that definitions of “good” parenting in middle-class and wealthy communities reflect time-intensive, attachment-based ideologies ...


Examining Forty Years Of The Social Organization Of Feminisms: Ethnography Of Two Women’S Bookstores In The Us South, Mary Catherine Whitlock Jul 2017

Examining Forty Years Of The Social Organization Of Feminisms: Ethnography Of Two Women’S Bookstores In The Us South, Mary Catherine Whitlock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

At the height of their popularity in the 1990s, there were 140 feminist bookstores in the US and Canada (Onosaka 2006). Today, in 2017, there are thirteen left. Feminist bookstores began opening in the 1970s promoting ideas about lesbian separatism, woman only spaces, and nurturing a feminist community. Although many functioned as for-profit stores, many also operated community centers and non-profit organizations. Feminist bookstores provide an excellent site for scholars view decades of social movement organizing merging theory, practice, activism, and academics. As a social movement organization, feminist bookstores as are the quintessential node of academia and activism. Of the ...


Behind The Curtain: Cultural Cultivation, Immigrant Outsiderness, And Normalized Racism Against Indian Families, Pangri G. Mehta Jun 2017

Behind The Curtain: Cultural Cultivation, Immigrant Outsiderness, And Normalized Racism Against Indian Families, Pangri G. Mehta

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative dissertation uses an Indian dance studio based in the suburbs of a mid-sized Florida city as an entry point to examine how racism impacts the local upwardly mobile Asian Indian community. Utilizing two and a half years of ethnographic data collected at the studio as a Bollywood instructor, 24 in-depth interviews with Indian immigrant parents and their children, 12 self-portraits drawn by children during their interviews, and home visits with 13 families, this project examines the strategies of accommodation and resistance that Indian families use to construct a sense of home and belonging. Applying socialization, visual research methods ...


“Can You Believe They Think I’M Intimidating?” An Exploration Of Identity In Tall Women, Elizabeth Joy Fuller Jun 2017

“Can You Believe They Think I’M Intimidating?” An Exploration Of Identity In Tall Women, Elizabeth Joy Fuller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the United States today, there is a dominant cultural narrative telling us that tallness is desirable and enjoyed by those who experience it. Much of the existing research on height correlates tallness with promotions, higher salaries, and general happiness. However, this research does not take into account the limitations of some of the previous research which tends to accept tall people’s vocabulary of motives at face value as the totality of their experience as a tall person. In particular, tall women tend to have much more to say about their lives as tall women than simply that it ...


Women And Agriculture Education: A Framework For Inclusion, Cori Jane Hyde Jan 2017

Women And Agriculture Education: A Framework For Inclusion, Cori Jane Hyde

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The contributions of women have long been overlooked in agriculture, and women have been excluded from agriculture education. The primary purpose of this research project is to investigate why it is important to include women in agriculture education network programs. Recently, programs have been developed to meet the needs of farm women, and Annie’s Project is one program that targets women interested in business risk management knowledge and skills.

This research examines how Annie’s Project Level I course assists farm women and the outcomes of the course. Using a mixed methods approach of survey data and phone interviews ...


"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon Jan 2017

"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Participatory processes have been widely promoted within the field of natural resource management as a method to support efficient resource use. As women are often key stakeholders in natural resource use, the importance of their inclusion in these initiatives has also been stressed. Specifically, research has shown that women’s participation positively impacts outcomes of development initiatives and can transform gendered hierarchies by empowering women in community decision making. However, participatory initiatives are not necessarily inclusive; rather, it has been shown that these processes can exacerbate existing inequalities and specifically, that women can be excluded from participation.

In Kyrgyzstan, participation ...


Effect Of Negative Work-To-Family Spillover On Adolescent Externalizing Behavior Via Parental Stress And Parental Involvement, Cheng Peng Jan 2017

Effect Of Negative Work-To-Family Spillover On Adolescent Externalizing Behavior Via Parental Stress And Parental Involvement, Cheng Peng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study used structural equation modeling to explore how negative work-to-family spillover affects children’s externalizing behaviors through parental stress and parental involvement. Specifically, by analyzing data from single working mothers, partnered working mothers, and dual-earner couples in the Flourishing Family Project (FFP), the current study want to make a contribution to the current body of research on the role of family structure and parent gender in association within negative work-to-family spillover and children’s externalizing behaviors, as well as explore the mediating pathways between these two constructs.

Overall, results of the current study demonstrated the usefulness of examining ...


Intimate Partner Violence: Early Adverse Experiences In Male Offenders, Maria B. Alcivar-Zuniga Jan 2017

Intimate Partner Violence: Early Adverse Experiences In Male Offenders, Maria B. Alcivar-Zuniga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) significantly impact social, behavioral and health problems over the lifetime. Research has found that early exposure to adverse experiences are linked to subsequent long term outcomes such as intimate partner violence (IPV). However, there is relatively limited qualitative research on the early experiences in the lives of intimate partner perpetrators. Therefore, through a life-course theoretical lens, this study aims to understand early lived experiences of IPV perpetrators. A content analysis was performed on interviews with 112 men convicted for domestic violence. From this analysis three interconnected themes emerged: (1) family history of criminality, (2) disrupted relationships ...


Intergenerational Relationships Of Korean Older Adults And Implications For Their Health And Well-Being: Co-Residence And Grandchild Care, Jaeeon Yoo Jan 2017

Intergenerational Relationships Of Korean Older Adults And Implications For Their Health And Well-Being: Co-Residence And Grandchild Care, Jaeeon Yoo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines inter-generational families in the contemporary Korean cultural context and their connections with health and well-being. The dissertation is comprised of two studies. The first study investigates the changes in patriarchal kinship structure centered on the eldest son across periods and cohorts. The second study explores the association between caring for grandchildren and grandparents’ health over time.

Using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA), the first study compares parent-child co-residence in the Korean War after Liberation Day (KWALD) cohort born between 1945 and 1953 and the Korean Baby Boomer (KBB) cohort born between 1954 and 1962 at ...


Science, Policy, And Decision Making: A Case Study Of Deliberative Rhetoric And Policymaking For Coastal Adaptation In Southeast Florida, Karen Patricia Langbehn Mar 2016

Science, Policy, And Decision Making: A Case Study Of Deliberative Rhetoric And Policymaking For Coastal Adaptation In Southeast Florida, Karen Patricia Langbehn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to observe and analyze the process of regional climate adaptation planning and the role of stakeholder deliberation in decision making about adaptation actions. It employed a case study approach based on one of three total study sites of an international, multidisciplinary grant titled, “METROPOLE: An Integrated Framework to Analyze Local Decision Making and Adaptive Capacity to Large-Scale Environmental Change”. The purpose of the case study of this project was to analyze stakeholder deliberation at two workshops at the grant’s Broward County, Florida site regarding two adaptation options: elevation/floodproofing and voluntary buyouts. Analyzing ...


Letting Gendered Spaces Go: Striving Toward Gender And Nature Balance Through Bonding In Disney's Frozen And Maleficent, Sarah Chase Crosby Jan 2016

Letting Gendered Spaces Go: Striving Toward Gender And Nature Balance Through Bonding In Disney's Frozen And Maleficent, Sarah Chase Crosby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

From Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) to more contemporary releases such as Brave (2012), scholars have extensively examined the portrayal of gender in the Disney Princess films. A significant shift in representation started to occur in the 21st century with a greater portrayal—albeit still problematic—of gender roles. Two recent films, Disney's animated Frozen (2013) and live-action Maleficent (2014), significantly illustrate how society's views of women have shifted, causing Disney to adjust its Princesses so as to mirror contemporary, more egalitarian ideals. In this thesis, I will demonstrate how the depiction of sisterly love in ...


Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger Jan 2016

Scottish Kiltmaking: Knowledge, Practice, And Potential For Protected Geographic Indication, David Paul Loranger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore kiltmakers’ experiences as practitioners and their perspectives regarding the possibility of Protected Geographic Indication (PGI) status or Certification Mark for the Scottish kiltmaking industry, with the aim of helping to transform protection for these individuals’ livelihood. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study explored the experiences of both learner and expert kiltmakers, along with those of teachers and administrators in schools and firms in the greater Edinburgh and Highland regions of Scotland. An emphasis was placed on discovering participants’ experiences relating to the processes of learning and practicing kiltmaking; the industrial, cultural, and ...


Agricultural Labor In Midwestern United States Specialty Cropping Systems, Anna Liora Johnson Jan 2016

Agricultural Labor In Midwestern United States Specialty Cropping Systems, Anna Liora Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Midwest specialty crop production is highly dependent on its workers, many of whom are immigrants. Growers are contending with changes in the composition and size of the farm worker labor force due in part to shifts in immigration patterns. They are also facing changes in weather patterns due to climate change. This research addresses how growers can manage the labor needs of their operations through these shifts. First, a vulnerability framework is applied to interviews with Michigan specialty crop growers on their experiences with variability of labor and weather in their specialty crop systems. This study finds that growers are ...


Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi Jan 2016

Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little work examines women's representation in elected office in non-Western countries, especially in the Arab region. Cross-national studies considering Arabic countries have argued that Islam and culture are the main reasons the Arab region has the lowest rate of women's representation in the world. However, this topic cannot be fully understood without taking into account informal politics, especially tribalism and the practices of social elites in this region. This study investigates the determinants of voting for female candidates using data from the first electoral survey ever conducted in Oman, prior to the October 2015 elections for Majlis al ...


Stereotyping Femininity In Disembodied Virtual Assistants, Allison M. Piper Jan 2016

Stereotyping Femininity In Disembodied Virtual Assistants, Allison M. Piper

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this paper is to examine the rhetorical ways that virtual assistants perpetuate western (American) gender stereotypes with users. While other literature has studied gender stereotypes with online service chatbots, scholarly research related to virtual assistants on standalone devices (e.g. Siri, Cortana, Alexa) is lacking. To conduct this study, I have relied upon a combination of the theories of identification and gender performance theory to show how the virtual assistants enact gender with users.

The findings of this analysis demonstrate that the virtual assistants easily enact harmful gender stereotypes because the virtual assistants are disembodied representations of ...


The Effects Of Biophilic Design In Interior Environments On Noise Perception: Designing A Person-Centered Biophilic Space For Older Adults, Jingfen Guo Jan 2016

The Effects Of Biophilic Design In Interior Environments On Noise Perception: Designing A Person-Centered Biophilic Space For Older Adults, Jingfen Guo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research suggests that the contemporary built environment has increasingly isolated people from the beneficial experience of natural systems and processes due to societal trends such as urbanization, building design and life style. Biophilia and biophilic design promise to foster a positive relationship to nature. Studies of psychological effects of biophilc design on noise perception have primarily focused on the attributes of natural elements in outdoor area. The aim of this study is to analyze how the visual characteristics of an interior space can influence the subjective loudness and annoyance of noise in older adults. Data were collected by conducting visual ...


An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger Jan 2015

An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study developed theory while investigating the meaning college students' attributed to interaction with young immigrant children through a service learning program and how the interaction reduced their prejudice. Based on the grounded theory methodology, thirty-one in-depth interviews of college graduates who had been involved in the program were coded and analyzed to develop four significant themes resulting in theory development. Participants demonstrated fear of differences with their immigrant partners upon starting the interactions, they worked to develop relationships which resulted in gaining new perspectives and reducing reported prejudice. This integrated theory of prejudice reduction through service learning concurs ...


Racism In Contemporary American Institutions: A Critical, Color-Blind Discourse Analysis Of Sport, Brandon Lamar Clark Jan 2015

Racism In Contemporary American Institutions: A Critical, Color-Blind Discourse Analysis Of Sport, Brandon Lamar Clark

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the prevalence of the “new” or contemporary form of racism that exists in post-Civil Rights American society. Since the 1960s, racial ideologies and racism have shifted from “traditional” or overt to a “new” form that is covert and dialectical in nature. This study explores the ways in which the “new” form of racism manifests in discussions about sports and race in an internet environment that is very public yet seemingly private for commenters because of the ability to make comments anonymously. A thematic analysis of 545 comments in relation to two race-related sports articles that appeared on ...


The Marriage Division: A Case Study On Clerical Dissension In The United Methodist Church, Erin E. Meek Jan 2015

The Marriage Division: A Case Study On Clerical Dissension In The United Methodist Church, Erin E. Meek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study is to understand the relationship between a dissenting clergy member in the United Methodist Church and his/her congregation in relation to same-sex marriage. This study seeks to answer: Why is the United Methodist Church resisting change when American society at large is altering its views on same-sex marriage? What is the experience of a clergy member who diverges from the denomination’s bylaws regarding sexual identity and the performance of same-sex marriage? How does that dissension affect the relationship with a clergy member’s parishioners? What effect does clerical dissension have on ...


“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter Jan 2015

“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative dissertation studies how Iowa women farmland owners construct their experiences as landowners. I focus on the reflexivity between individual narratives of women farmland owners and cultural narratives of farmland ownership to better understand narrative reflexivity and thereby contribute to “a better understanding of how narratives work and the work narratives do” (Loseke 2007). I identify how cultural narratives influence interactional processes, such as decision-making and conservation implementation, and inform the legitimacy of landownership and land use. How women farmland owners construct meaning about their farmland and use this to navigate decision-making with their co-owners and others has significant ...


Familiarity, Religiosity, And Authoritarianism: The Acceptability Of Gay Rights And Same-Sex Marriage, Kirstin Eddings Sullivan Jan 2015

Familiarity, Religiosity, And Authoritarianism: The Acceptability Of Gay Rights And Same-Sex Marriage, Kirstin Eddings Sullivan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The acceptability of gay rights (specifically same-sex marriage) at the individual level is constantly changing and this is revealed in the changing attitudes among states that have legalized same-sex marriage (37 states and the District of Columbia as of February14, 2015). Current research shows that familiarity plays a part in increased acceptability of gay rights and same-sex marriage and also shows evangelical religiosity and authoritarianism as deterrents to acceptance. This thesis shows that familiarity is the strongest of the three variables and that religiosity and authoritarianism do affect acceptability, but only when familiarity is low. Using questions from the 2012 ...