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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Do All “Good Mothers” Breastfeed? How African American Mothers’ Values And Experiences Of Early Motherhood Influence Their Infant Feeding Choices, Airia S. Papadopoulos May 2018

Do All “Good Mothers” Breastfeed? How African American Mothers’ Values And Experiences Of Early Motherhood Influence Their Infant Feeding Choices, Airia S. Papadopoulos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The food an infant is fed can reflect many things: a source of nutrition, the social and cultural circumstances into which an infant is born, or even a family’s beliefs about the body and breast milk as a source of nutrition. Exclusive breastfeeding, currently the gold standard for infant feeding in the United States (US), is often identified as an expectation in discourses on being a “good mother.” African American mothers in particular are the least likely group in the US to breastfeed in any capacity and many efforts are underway to increase the breastfeeding rates of this population ...


Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer Jan 2018

Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Through my project, Traces: a farm in eastern Iowa, I photograph interior and exterior spaces of Kenny and June Friederick’s retired dairy farm. The images provide record of the home and acreage throughout 2017 and early 2018, a time when farming practices are rapidly evolving. Grouped with aerial photographs and farm day books (1980 - current), the project shares a representation of the farm as it exists today and a reference to the history of the space. Through the combination of photographs and text, I present a tribute to the immeasurable contribution of a farmer to his or her land ...


A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan Jan 2018

A Design Anthropology Approach To Understanding Human Wildlife Relationships: Monkeys, Local Development And Participant Conservation In Southest Costa Rica, Yibo Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project uses a combined methodology of participatory design and ethnographic fieldwork to study human-wildlife relationships and explore better ways to design and implement a monkey crossing bridge in the area of Talamanca, Costa Rica. It also examines how an interdisciplinary methodology can identify the needs of three species of monkeys and local beliefs, and to integrate these things into project design. The project not only answers how participatory design might promote a favorable human-wildlife relationship, but also explores local beliefs about development and conservation. Based on my research, I argue that the design of the bridge and the process ...


Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2018

Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The rise of the corporation is one of the most transformative events in the history of United States, including the agricultural economy. Seeking to understand how these private businesses influence American foodways, my research examines the emergence of agribusiness in the period after 1945. These private entities manipulated the physical and metaphysical landscape of agriculture to sell not just their products, but also to remake rural America in a way that suited their needs. Agribusinesses wanted to make themselves, their products, and their specific vision of production and consumption, indispensable to the agricultural system. They intended to expand their hold ...


Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody Jan 2018

Effects Of Income And Education Levels On Diurnal Cortisol In Black And White American Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood, Shannin Nicole Moody

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cortisol patterns differ across both socioeconomic status and racial minority groups. Yet, whether the underlying constructs that are used to measure socioeconomic status impacts the output of cortisol differentially across racial groups is unclear. Using a secondary data analysis from the Parents Who Care longitudinal study, which integrated the biomarker cortisol as youth entered emerging adulthood, the goal of this thesis is to parse apart the common conflation of income and education into a single catchall variable.

The following data was collected in 2 waves from a group of youth who were (M=20.24; R=18.51-22.89) years ...


Khana Khanu Bhayo (Have You Eaten)? Traditional Rice Varieties, Land Tenure, And Social Structure In Nepal’S Mid-Hills, Marie Louise Ryan Jan 2018

Khana Khanu Bhayo (Have You Eaten)? Traditional Rice Varieties, Land Tenure, And Social Structure In Nepal’S Mid-Hills, Marie Louise Ryan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on research conducted in two villages of Lamjung District in the mid-hills of Nepal, this thesis examines how social structures of caste, ethnicity, and gender, as well as land tenure affect the conservation of traditional rice varieties. Resource-poor farmers in Nepal possess a great wealth of traditional rice varieties. While subsistence farmers continue to maintain a large portion of Nepal’s rice varieties, these individuals represent poor, marginalized members of society. As populations flee rural areas for urban conveniences and economic opportunities abroad, the social dynamics of subsistence farming are shifting. The agricultural landscape of Lamjung has traditionally been ...


Pollen Forecasting In Sarasota, Florida, Daniel J. Gessman Jun 2017

Pollen Forecasting In Sarasota, Florida, Daniel J. Gessman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Current predictions of pollen levels rely strictly on historical Averages, regardless of environmental factors that might affect the timing of pollen release by different plants. For this thesis, the goal was to develop a statistical model that will accurately forecast pollen levels by correlating those daily counts to atmospheric and meteorological conditions. This project used ARIMA modeling on IBM’s SPSS Statistics 24 of daily pollen count information for multiple allergenic pollens in the Sarasota County, Florida area over a 11-year period. The pollen species in question for this project are oak and cypress trees, grass, and ragweed pollens; and ...


Playing-With The World: Toy Story's Aesthetics And Metaphysics Of Play, Jonathan Hendricks Mar 2017

Playing-With The World: Toy Story's Aesthetics And Metaphysics Of Play, Jonathan Hendricks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Pixar’s Toy Story (John Lassiter, 1995) is not just a story about toys and the children that play with them, but a demonstration of how we interact with the world. This thesis looks at the way in which both main children, Andy and Sid, interact with their toys and how this interaction is one that is structured by way of what Martin Heidegger calls “Enframing.” In this modality of playing, toys and other things and entities in the world, and the world itself, appear to the children as on-hand resources for use at any time and can be molded ...


Women And Agriculture Education: A Framework For Inclusion, Cori Jane Hyde Jan 2017

Women And Agriculture Education: A Framework For Inclusion, Cori Jane Hyde

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The contributions of women have long been overlooked in agriculture, and women have been excluded from agriculture education. The primary purpose of this research project is to investigate why it is important to include women in agriculture education network programs. Recently, programs have been developed to meet the needs of farm women, and Annie’s Project is one program that targets women interested in business risk management knowledge and skills.

This research examines how Annie’s Project Level I course assists farm women and the outcomes of the course. Using a mixed methods approach of survey data and phone interviews ...


"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon Jan 2017

"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Participatory processes have been widely promoted within the field of natural resource management as a method to support efficient resource use. As women are often key stakeholders in natural resource use, the importance of their inclusion in these initiatives has also been stressed. Specifically, research has shown that women’s participation positively impacts outcomes of development initiatives and can transform gendered hierarchies by empowering women in community decision making. However, participatory initiatives are not necessarily inclusive; rather, it has been shown that these processes can exacerbate existing inequalities and specifically, that women can be excluded from participation.

In Kyrgyzstan, participation ...


#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy Jan 2017

#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Calling attention to the issue of nitrate pollution in Iowa’s waterways as a result of current agricultural practices, my goal was to initiate a dialogue on social media prompted by guerrilla tactics. The issue of nitrate pollution has been steadily increasing over the past decade as a result of Iowa’s lack of environmental mandates to maintain and monitor nitrate leeching from the soil into the watersheds. In 2015, this issue initiated a lawsuit by the Des Moines Water Works against three northern farming counties, citing runoff into ditches that feed into the Raccoon River as source points of ...


The Archaeopalynology Of Crystal River Site (8ci1), Citrus County, Florida, Kendal Jackson Oct 2016

The Archaeopalynology Of Crystal River Site (8ci1), Citrus County, Florida, Kendal Jackson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Woodland-period (ca. 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1050) fisher-hunter-gatherers of the Crystal River drainage on Florida’s Big Bend Coast are well known among southeastern archaeologists for their elaborate shell mound architecture, maritime lifeway, and exotic exchange goods. Recent archaeological investigations at the Crystal River site have employed high-resolution topographic mapping, geophysical surveys, trench excavations, and coring to model the temporality of mound construction and occupation at the site; this work has set the stage for subsequent research focusing on community structure, resource extraction, and human-ecosystem dynamics. However, like many central and north peninsular Gulf Coast sites, our ...


Microscopic Characterization Of A Transposon-Induced Male-Sterile, Female-Sterile Mutant In Glycine Max L., Katherine A. Thilges Jan 2016

Microscopic Characterization Of A Transposon-Induced Male-Sterile, Female-Sterile Mutant In Glycine Max L., Katherine A. Thilges

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A male-sterile, female-sterile mutant was identified in a transposon-tagging study in soybean (Glycine max L.). This mutant displayed abnormalities in both micro- and mega-sporogenesis, as well as gametogenesis. Vegetatively, the mutant showed no visible differences from the wild-type phenotype. Analyses of male meiotic chromosomes were done to better understand any issues that could occur to cause sterility. Wild-type and mutant anthers and ovules were cleared throughout their development, followed by confocal scanning laser microscopy to look for any abnormalities, and to determine the timing of abortion in both the male and female organs in the mutant. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy ...


Toward Comprehension: Improving Informed Consent In Behavioral Genetic Research, Zachary Robert Batchelder Jan 2016

Toward Comprehension: Improving Informed Consent In Behavioral Genetic Research, Zachary Robert Batchelder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This applied experimental study examined components of informed consent documents created to enhance awareness, retention, and recall of information. It was conducted as an online study of 216 research pool participants who were considering participation in a behavioral genetic study. Following completion of the IPIP-NEO personality measure, posed as a screening procedure for participation in a study of genetic influences on personality, participants were randomly assigned to one of eight conditions (27 per condition). They were presented with one of eight experimenter-constructed informed consents with requested potential participation, during the following week, in a genetic study that involved donation of ...


Place-Bo-Burbi-Agri-Culture To Place-Ive-Ianure Methods For Place Making: Increasing Value With Representation, Clark Andrew Colby Jan 2016

Place-Bo-Burbi-Agri-Culture To Place-Ive-Ianure Methods For Place Making: Increasing Value With Representation, Clark Andrew Colby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines how to turn space into place. In the digital age, place is more important than ever before. Around the world communities are dealing with the issue of placelessness. The food system has become standardized and suburbia has become a monotonous repetition in cities across the country. As people search for a sense of place in their communities, creation of place can be a tool for exploring these issues. Through experience, individuals can begin to understand and become aware of the place they call home. This thesis discusses three methods for the comprehension of place. They are narrative ...


Agricultural Labor In Midwestern United States Specialty Cropping Systems, Anna Liora Johnson Jan 2016

Agricultural Labor In Midwestern United States Specialty Cropping Systems, Anna Liora Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Midwest specialty crop production is highly dependent on its workers, many of whom are immigrants. Growers are contending with changes in the composition and size of the farm worker labor force due in part to shifts in immigration patterns. They are also facing changes in weather patterns due to climate change. This research addresses how growers can manage the labor needs of their operations through these shifts. First, a vulnerability framework is applied to interviews with Michigan specialty crop growers on their experiences with variability of labor and weather in their specialty crop systems. This study finds that growers are ...


Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina Jan 2016

Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about artisanal fishers in Chorrillos, a small bay near the southern edge of Lima, Peru, and how they use place as an instrument to defend their access to fishing resources on Peru's central coast. The context of this research work includes global neoliberal influences on the Peruvian state and the negotiation of global and local economics, politics, and social issues. Over the last decade, depletion in fish stocks has led to tensions between industrial and artisanal fishers, and demands from the industrial sector to reduce Peruvian state protections for artisanal fishers. Not only are Chorrillos's ...


Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke Nov 2015

Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact of human activity on ecosystems is an issue at the forefront of global concern. Marine ecosystems are a particular concern, given their importance for human sustenance. Through the removal of species that are highly susceptible to the effects of overfishing, global fisheries have been driven to near collapse in recent decades. The long-term effects of such practices has resulted in declines in mean trophic level of aggregate fish catches over time, as well as decreasing diversity of species available for regular harvest (Jackson et al. 2001; Pauly et al. 1998). These supposedly “modern” problems have been recently identified ...


Establishing The Needs Of Type 1 Diabetes Users For Mobile Application Design, Amanda J. Skinner Jan 2015

Establishing The Needs Of Type 1 Diabetes Users For Mobile Application Design, Amanda J. Skinner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Living with Type 1 diabetes as a child presents a great deal of responsibilities at a young age. These responsibilities require knowledge of the disease, constant monitoring, awareness, and more. A variety of mobile applications have been created to aid children with these responsibilities, but a thorough investigation of these users' needs is a missing piece that is not often, if at all, conducted. This research aims to understand these users' needs in great depth in order to offer appropriate design guidelines for a mobile application to aid in the daily management and medical adherence of a child living with ...


“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter Jan 2015

“We Love This Land, And We Want To Take Care Of This Land”: Iowa Women Farmland Owners Constructing And Contesting Narratives, Angie Carter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative dissertation studies how Iowa women farmland owners construct their experiences as landowners. I focus on the reflexivity between individual narratives of women farmland owners and cultural narratives of farmland ownership to better understand narrative reflexivity and thereby contribute to “a better understanding of how narratives work and the work narratives do” (Loseke 2007). I identify how cultural narratives influence interactional processes, such as decision-making and conservation implementation, and inform the legitimacy of landownership and land use. How women farmland owners construct meaning about their farmland and use this to navigate decision-making with their co-owners and others has significant ...


Metaregionalism, Lyndsay Audra Nissen Jan 2015

Metaregionalism, Lyndsay Audra Nissen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

I have coined the term MetaRegionalism to describe current art practices in the Midwest that are inspired in various ways by the forms, ideologies, and histories of Regionalism. One of the main concerns of the Depression-era Regionalist movement was to create art that reflected the values of American regional culture. The Regionalist movement was pervaded by ideas of conservation, preservation, and celebration of these localities. This paper concentrates on Regionalism in Iowa, drawing connections between it and the various current social, political and artistic expressions that I have deemed "MetaRegionalist", including my own work.

As my graduate thesis, the paper ...


Developing An In-Season Predictor Of Commercial Landings For Quota Monitoring In The U.S. Virgin Islands, Mary Janine Vara May 2014

Developing An In-Season Predictor Of Commercial Landings For Quota Monitoring In The U.S. Virgin Islands, Mary Janine Vara

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lack of timely reporting of commercial fisheries landings interferes with effective management of fisheries in United States Virgin Islands (USVI). Federal law requires that landings be limited to prevent annual catch limits (ACLs) from being exceeded. Previous attempts to predict total landings have used historic data from prior fishing seasons to predict future landings rather than leveraging available in-season data to provide a more real-time prediction of landings. This study presents an in-season model that predicts total landings using partial reports from the current fishing year. This estimate of total landings, including error bounds around that estimate, can then ...


Taking Back The Commons: Motivating Factors For The Local Control Of Gmos, Lydia Rae Levinson Jan 2014

Taking Back The Commons: Motivating Factors For The Local Control Of Gmos, Lydia Rae Levinson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Issues of food policy, agricultural policy, and environmental policy all converge in the discussion of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Presently, there is no established consensus as to the safety of GMO foods or the long-term effects that genetically engineered crops might have on human and environmental health. While state initiatives to label GMOs have recently received much media attention, these efforts have been largely defeated by fierce industry opposition. Yet in communities across the country, citizens are working collectively to reframe the issue of GMO policy and resist the corporatization of agriculture by advocating for local land use regulations that ...


Making Healthful Decisions: A Redesign Of The Nutrition Facts Label Using Principles Of Graphic User Interface, Jessica Palo Jan 2014

Making Healthful Decisions: A Redesign Of The Nutrition Facts Label Using Principles Of Graphic User Interface, Jessica Palo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The world we live in is derived of a multitude of natural and human-made systems. These systems provide us with groundwork to contextualize and better comprehend information. This thesis proposes using Graphic User Interface as the foundation for a systematic redesign of the Nutrition Facts Label. "Graphic User Interface thrives on its ability to display elements; such elements are structured by grouping those related in order to create a visual hierarchy while maintaining balance within the composition" (Mullet and Sano 82). Nutrition is a science, the facts incorporated in the Nutrition Facts Label is based in this system. The nutrient ...


Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox Jan 2014

Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the steady increase in the market share of organic food over the last 30 years, some farmers have switched from "conventional" to "sustainable" agricultural practices in order to capitalize on those new markets. Are the practices the only things that need to change?

Building off of Warwick Fox's conception of "transpersonal ecology," transpersonal agroecology (TPAE) is the name given to a proposed alternative mindset of the farmer derived from various alternative agricultural theorists of the last 100 years. These writers oppose the scientism and economism that typify industrial agriculture, subscribe to the notion that experiences of "identification" between ...


The Farmers' Millennium: The Ideology Of Agricultural Improvement In Iowa, 1855 To 1865, Michael M. Belding Iii Jan 2014

The Farmers' Millennium: The Ideology Of Agricultural Improvement In Iowa, 1855 To 1865, Michael M. Belding Iii

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Morrill Act of 1862, a piece of federal legislation enacted a century and a half ago, lives on today. That law allocated thousands of acres of federal land to state governments, based on the size of their congressional delegations, so they could establish colleges of agriculture and the mechanic arts and give a college education, liberal and practical, to students who could not otherwise afford one. The Morrill Act lives on because the "land-grant colleges" it endowed with financial resources still exist today, operating on billion-dollar budgets and enrolling tens of thousands of students. Further, at least at Iowa ...


Biomechanical Impact Of Lower-Body Ppe On The Football Athlete: An Evaluation And Redesign Of The Knee Pad, Brandon F. Moeller Jan 2013

Biomechanical Impact Of Lower-Body Ppe On The Football Athlete: An Evaluation And Redesign Of The Knee Pad, Brandon F. Moeller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although football personal protective equipment (PPE) has developed considerably since the game's conception, knee pad design has lagged behind. Players at all levels of competition are dissatisfied with the device, claiming it impedes performance more than it protects from injury. To date, no published research has studied the football knee pad's effect on athletic performance, and no ergonomic evaluation of the design has been completed.

This research first created a new knee pad design based on survey feedback from 138 collegiate and high school football athletes. This new design, called the Vastus And Patella Protection with Range of ...


Matrix Metalloproteinase Genes Are Transcriptionally Regulated By E2f Transcription Factors: A Link Between Cell Cycle Control And Metastatic Progression, Jacqueline Lea Johnson Jan 2012

Matrix Metalloproteinase Genes Are Transcriptionally Regulated By E2f Transcription Factors: A Link Between Cell Cycle Control And Metastatic Progression, Jacqueline Lea Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The RbµE2F transcriptional regulatory pathway plays a critical role in the cell cycle. Rb is inactivated through multiple waves of phosphorylation, mediated mainly by cyclin D and cyclin E associated kinases. Once Rb is inactivated, cells can enter Sµphase. Collectively, three Rb family members and ten E2F proteins coordinate every additional stage of the cell cycle, from quiescence to mitosis. However the RbµE2F pathway is frequently altered in cancer. Aside from cell proliferation, the RbµE2F pathway regulates other essential cellular processes including apoptosis, cell differentiation, angiogenesis and DNA damage repair pathways, but its role in invasion and cancer progression is ...


Reproductive Biology Of The Southern Dwarf Siren, Pseudobranchus Axanthus, In Southern Florida, Zachary Cole Adcock Jan 2012

Reproductive Biology Of The Southern Dwarf Siren, Pseudobranchus Axanthus, In Southern Florida, Zachary Cole Adcock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The salamander family Sirenidae is composed of two extant genera, Siren and Pseudobranchus, each with two known species. Several questions regarding Sirenidae life history persist, and much of the available life history data for Pseudobranchus are attributed to studies of P. axanthus in northern Florida. Information on the reproductive biology of P. axanthus is limited, and historical references often suggest contradictory results. This study was undertaken to clarify information and expand on the limited data regarding P. axanthus reproductive biology, specifically for southern Florida populations. The study population was most likely the P. a. belli subspecies. P. axanthus in southern ...


Dissolved Inorganic Carbon Uptake In Thiomicrospira Crunogena Xcl–2 Is Atp–Sensitive And Enhances Rubisco–Mediated Carbon Fixation, Kristy Jae Menning Jan 2012

Dissolved Inorganic Carbon Uptake In Thiomicrospira Crunogena Xcl–2 Is Atp–Sensitive And Enhances Rubisco–Mediated Carbon Fixation, Kristy Jae Menning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

The gammaproteobacterium Thiomicrospira crunogena XCL–2 is a hydrothermal vent chemolithoautotroph that has a carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM), which is functionally similar to that of cyanobacteria. At hydrothermal vents, dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations and pH values fluctuate over time, with CO2 concentrations ranging from 20 μM to greater than 1 mM, therefore having a CCM would provide an advantage when CO2 availability is very low as CCMs generate intracellular DIC concentrations much higher than extracellular, thereby providing sufficient substrate for carbon fixation. The CCM in T. crunogena includes α–carboxysomes (intracellular inclusions containing form IA RubisCO ...