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Elemental Analyses Of Archaeological Bone Using Pxrf, Icp-Ms, And A Newly Developed Calibration To Assess Andean Paleodiets, Christine L. Bergmann Jun 2018

Elemental Analyses Of Archaeological Bone Using Pxrf, Icp-Ms, And A Newly Developed Calibration To Assess Andean Paleodiets, Christine L. Bergmann

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As a result of the quick rise of pXRF technology in archaeology, there are concerns regarding the reliability and validity of data output acquired from pXRF. In this study, I test the hypothesis that portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometry can provide reliable and valid results, using newly developed calibration curves, for the analysis of archaeological animal and human skeletal materials in prehistoric Peru to address hypotheses about ancient diet and trade. While pXRF systems may come with calibration software, the few if any standards and reference materials provided with the instrument rarely correspond to the vast array of archaeological materials ...


Porter’S Bar: A Coastal Middle Woodland Burial Mound And Shell Midden In Northwest Florida, Kerri Knigge Mar 2018

Porter’S Bar: A Coastal Middle Woodland Burial Mound And Shell Midden In Northwest Florida, Kerri Knigge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis should serve as a comprehensive site report for both Porter’s Bar (8Fr1) and Green Point (8Fr11) mounds in northwest Florida. These prehistoric burial mounds and their associated village shell midden are determined to have been constructed during two different time periods, Middle Woodland and Early Woodland, respectively. This is the first time that all materials and data have been described and compiled for both sites, despite the fact that they were both originally recorded over a century ago and described differently later by multiple researchers.

The mounds served as an important ceremonial center along Apalachicola Bay some ...


Collecting The Past: Using A Private Collection Of Artifacts To Assess Prehistoric Occupation Of The Chipola River Valley In Northwest Florida, Kelsey Kreiser Mar 2018

Collecting The Past: Using A Private Collection Of Artifacts To Assess Prehistoric Occupation Of The Chipola River Valley In Northwest Florida, Kelsey Kreiser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Chipola River Valley in northwest Florida is an area of extensive occupation by pre-contact peoples, dating as far back as the Paleo-Indian time period (approximately 11,000 BC). With such a rich archaeological history, it has enticed many local divers to explore river bottoms and collect artifacts. I worked with one local collector to study over 700 projectile points found in the Chipola River. The collector has taken great care to protect and preserve these points and, in many cases, documented the GPS coordinates from where they were collected. Using the GPS coordinates and ArcMap, I have been able ...


More Than Just Empty Space: Integrated Geoarchaeological Investigations Of The Crystal River Site (8ci1) Plaza, Alexander C. Delgado Oct 2017

More Than Just Empty Space: Integrated Geoarchaeological Investigations Of The Crystal River Site (8ci1) Plaza, Alexander C. Delgado

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Crystal River (8CI1) is a Woodland period archaeological site on the west-central Gulf Coast of Florida, famous for its diverse suite of exotic artifacts typical of the Hopewell Interaction Sphere, as well as its monumental shell mounds which surround a central plaza. Historically, these plazas are utilized as spaces for cultural expression, daily interactions between members of the community, economic exchanges, and discourse of all types. They also serve as a symbolic space, embodying social and political relations that are critical to the formation and maintenance of cultural identity. These spaces are challenging to study using conventional archaeological techniques since ...


Re-Placing The Plantation Landscape At Yulee’S Margarita Plantation, Katherine M. Padula Oct 2017

Re-Placing The Plantation Landscape At Yulee’S Margarita Plantation, Katherine M. Padula

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

U.S. Senator David Levy Yulee’s Margarita sugar plantation flourished from 1851 to 1864 in Homosassa, Citrus County, Florida. The plantation was abandoned in 1864 and memory of its precise location slowly faded, as the physical evidence of its existence deteriorated. Today, the only plantation structure known to be still standing is the sugar mill, preserved as part of the Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park (CI124B). The remainder of the plantation, including its boundaries, remains unknown. Perhaps at least partly owing to this absence, the mill’s interpretive signage provides an unfortunate univocal historical interpretation of the ...


Trade, Interaction And Change: Trace Elemental Characterization Of Maltese Neolithic To Middle Bronze Age Ceramics Using A Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer, Frederick S. Pirone Jul 2017

Trade, Interaction And Change: Trace Elemental Characterization Of Maltese Neolithic To Middle Bronze Age Ceramics Using A Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer, Frederick S. Pirone

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The insular nature of the Maltese archipelago provides a unique opportunity to explore trade and cultural change from the Neolithic to the Bronze Ages in the central Mediterranean. I hypothesize that, during the period in which the Maltese islands were experiencing a form of isolation—owing either to their distance from Sicily and other populated regions, to the collective formation of an inwardly-focused culture, or to a combination of these factors—it is unlikely that pottery played a significant role as either an import or export in the archipelago’s exchange relationships with other communities in the central Mediterranean. I ...


Late Pleistocene Extinction Of The Flat-Headed Peccary On The Ozark Plateau: Paleozoological Insights From Peccary Cave, Arkansas, Kurt M. Wilson Jan 2017

Late Pleistocene Extinction Of The Flat-Headed Peccary On The Ozark Plateau: Paleozoological Insights From Peccary Cave, Arkansas, Kurt M. Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Paleozoological research on flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus) and dire wolf (Canis dirus) remains from Peccary Cave, Arkansas, provides information on the ecology and extinction of these taxa. The peccary assemblage is large, totaling nearly 4,000 specimens, and includes all skeletal elements, while the dire wolf assemblage includes only a handful of specimens. A minimum of 61 sub/adult peccaries, 15 fetal/neonatal peccaries, and 3 dire wolves are represented in the collection. Peccaries died naturally in the cave. The dire wolf remains were transported into the cave by colluvial or fluvial processes. Five direct AMS ages on peccary and ...


Comparison Of Prehistoric And Protohistoric Components At The Lighthouse Bayou Shell Midden, 8gu114, Northwest Florida, Theodore Gold Gold Nov 2016

Comparison Of Prehistoric And Protohistoric Components At The Lighthouse Bayou Shell Midden, 8gu114, Northwest Florida, Theodore Gold Gold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The dawn of the eighteenth century in the Apalachicola delta region of the Florida panhandle was a time of major social upheaval that has been underexplored by current research. There are no historic records that describe the events and peoples in the region during establishment of the Spanish missions in the Tallahassee area to the east. Archaeological evidence shows the disappearance of the late prehistoric Mississippian Fort Walton people and the brief emergence of the protohistoric Lamar archaeological culture during the time of the destruction of the Spanish mission system around 1704. The Lighthouse Bayou site, 8Gu114, in Gulf County ...


Investigating Early Village Community Formation And Development At Kolomoki (9er1), Shaun Eric West Nov 2016

Investigating Early Village Community Formation And Development At Kolomoki (9er1), Shaun Eric West

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In southeastern North America, the Woodland period (ca. 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1050) was arguably witness to the first early village societies, and Kolomoki—located in southwestern Georgia—is among the largest villages during this interval. Though archaeologists recognize these communities as seminal developments in the course of human history, little attention has been paid to how they develop and vary internally. This thesis seeks to address these issues by focusing on the development and social construction of the early village community at Kolomoki. The results of an excavation program carried out within Kolomoki’s South Village affords ...


The Archaeopalynology Of Crystal River Site (8ci1), Citrus County, Florida, Kendal Jackson Oct 2016

The Archaeopalynology Of Crystal River Site (8ci1), Citrus County, Florida, Kendal Jackson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Woodland-period (ca. 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1050) fisher-hunter-gatherers of the Crystal River drainage on Florida’s Big Bend Coast are well known among southeastern archaeologists for their elaborate shell mound architecture, maritime lifeway, and exotic exchange goods. Recent archaeological investigations at the Crystal River site have employed high-resolution topographic mapping, geophysical surveys, trench excavations, and coring to model the temporality of mound construction and occupation at the site; this work has set the stage for subsequent research focusing on community structure, resource extraction, and human-ecosystem dynamics. However, like many central and north peninsular Gulf Coast sites, our ...


What’S In Your Toolbox? Examining Tool Choices At Two Middle And Late Woodland-Period Sites On Florida’S Central Gulf Coast, Lori L. O'Neal Jun 2016

What’S In Your Toolbox? Examining Tool Choices At Two Middle And Late Woodland-Period Sites On Florida’S Central Gulf Coast, Lori L. O'Neal

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The examination of the tools that prehistoric people crafted for subsistence and related practices offers distinctive insights into how they lived their lives. Most often, researchers study these practices in isolation, by tool type or by material. However, by using a relational perspective, my research explores the tool assemblage as a whole including bone, stone and shell. This allows me to study the changes in tool industries in relation to one another, something that I could not accomplish by studying only one material or tool type. I use this broader approach to tool manufacture and use for the artifact assemblage ...


Social Dynamics And Ceramic Mobility Of Final Bronze Age Ceramics In Corsica (France): Elemental Analysis Using A Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer, Aurelien Tafani Jun 2016

Social Dynamics And Ceramic Mobility Of Final Bronze Age Ceramics In Corsica (France): Elemental Analysis Using A Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer, Aurelien Tafani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Corsican Bronze Age is characterized by the erection of massive stone towers, the torre, and of stone enclosures, the casteddi. While the role of these structures is still debated, they have generally been interpreted as the sign of a hierarchical society, pervaded by martial values and fragmented into competing antagonistic groups. After several centuries of stability, a sharp demographic decline occurred at the end of the Middle Bronze Age. ca. 1350 and 1200 BC. In contrast, the Final Bronze Age, between 1200 and 950 BC, is a period of continuous expansion, characterized by the appearance of new forms of ...


Growth, And Development Of Care For Leprosy Sufferers Provided By Religious Institutions From The First Century Ad To The Middle Ages, Philippa Juliet Meek May 2016

Growth, And Development Of Care For Leprosy Sufferers Provided By Religious Institutions From The First Century Ad To The Middle Ages, Philippa Juliet Meek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims to outline the causes, symptoms, and treatments related to leprosy, and how it can be diagnosed in patients and identified in human remains. The thesis also aims to demonstrate the ways in which care for leprosy sufferers developed as the disease became more prevalent and more commonly, and correctly identified. It analyses the social stigmas inflicted upon sufferers, and the medical care and attention provided for them by religious institutions when other groups or organisations shunned those suffering from leprosy. The rationale for this study is to identify trends surrounding the social stigmas attached to leprosy and ...


Understanding Identity Through Ceramic Analysis At The Crystal River And Roberts Island Sites, Rachel Elizabeth Thompson Mar 2016

Understanding Identity Through Ceramic Analysis At The Crystal River And Roberts Island Sites, Rachel Elizabeth Thompson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The ceramic assemblage from previous excavations at Crystal River (8CI1), a Woodland period mound center on Florida’s west-central coast, exhibits variation in temper and surface treatments indicative of distinct pottery traditions and, perhaps, social groups. I analyzed ceramics from recent, better controlled excavations at Crystal River and the neighboring and partially contemporaneous site of Roberts Island (8CI41), using the theoretical framework of communities of practice to evaluate this claim.

Analysis suggests that while some degree of diversity in paste was maintained through all four phases, there was greater homogeneity of paste, as well as more mixing of paste categories ...


An Alternative Ancien Régime? Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun In Russia, Erin Elizabeth Wilson Mar 2016

An Alternative Ancien Régime? Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun In Russia, Erin Elizabeth Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the last few decades interest in the life and work of Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun has increased significantly, with numerous publications and a retrospective exhibition dedicated to her oeuvre. Yet, while much new and valuable information has been introduced, very little of it deals specifically with the period from 1795-1800 when she lived as an émigré in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

In this thesis I analyze two Russian portraits by Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, in relation to two earlier works she painted in Paris, the duchesse d’Orleans (1789) and Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1783), elucidating the overt similarities to her earlier portraiture ...


Investigating Alternative Subsistence Strategies Among The Homeless Near Tampa, Florida, Matthew Peter Rooney Mar 2016

Investigating Alternative Subsistence Strategies Among The Homeless Near Tampa, Florida, Matthew Peter Rooney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Modern homelessness is one of the most pressing social and political problems of our time. Several hundred thousand people experience homelessness in the United States each year, and the U.S. Department of Housing, which attempts to count those people, has admitted that their statistics are conservative estimates at best. A recent archaeological study (Zimmerman et al 2010) examining material culture associated with homeless communities in Indianapolis has suggested that those who are considered chronically homeless have generally abandoned wage labor and are instead pursuing urban foraging as a subsistence strategy. In order to better understand the structures of homeless ...


Archaeology Of Silver Springs State Park, Marion County, Florida, Rudy J. Westerman Mar 2016

Archaeology Of Silver Springs State Park, Marion County, Florida, Rudy J. Westerman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An archaeological survey was conducted of the Silver Springs State Park in Ocala, Florida, between August 2014 and December 2015. The project goals were to relocate and assess the previously recorded archaeological sites in the park and attempt to discover new sites. Background research, archaeological fieldwork including surface collection, shovel testing, and informant interview were conducted with this aim. Each site is described and addressed, and most were relocated; twelve new resources were added to the inventory. The Silver Springs and Silver River watershed have been occupied from the Paleo-Indian period at least 13,000 years ago through the twentieth ...


Incongruous Conceptions: Owen Jones’S Plans, Elevations, Sections And Details Of The Alhambra And British Views Of Spain, Andrea Marie Johnson Mar 2016

Incongruous Conceptions: Owen Jones’S Plans, Elevations, Sections And Details Of The Alhambra And British Views Of Spain, Andrea Marie Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes Plans, Elevations, Sections, and Details of the Alhambra (1836-1842) by British Architect Owen Jones in relation to British conceptions of Spain in the nineteenth century. Although modern scholars often view Jones’s work as an accurate visual account of the Alhambra, I argue that his work is not only interested in accuracy, but it is also a re-presentation of the fourteen-century monument based on Jones’s ideologies and creative faculties. Instead of viewing the Alhambra through a culturally sensitive, historical lens, Jones treated it as an Imaginary Geography, as Edward Said called it, through which he could ...


The Dreamer: An Examination Of Chinese Philosophical Concepts And Audience Through Animation, Fei Xue Jan 2016

The Dreamer: An Examination Of Chinese Philosophical Concepts And Audience Through Animation, Fei Xue

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This document accompanies the MFA thesis exhibition “The Dreamer: An Examination of Chinese philosophical concepts through animation” that took place between May 12th- 19th, 2016 in the College of Design Gallery 181 in Ames, Iowa. The exhibition was categorized into four sections: animation, textile projection, process work, and script installation. Various influences from philosophical, artistic, psychological areas of the body of the artwork were described and analyzed. The process of the whole animation was also identified.

The intention of this written component is to provide commentaries on the history, development and future of the Chinese philosophical and social norms. These ...


Pictures, Not Merely Photographs: Authenticity, Performance And The Hopi In Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian, Heather Lin Skeens Jan 2016

Pictures, Not Merely Photographs: Authenticity, Performance And The Hopi In Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian, Heather Lin Skeens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the early years of the twentieth century, American photographer Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952) set out to complete an ambitious project documenting traditional American Indian life and customs still practiced among tribes living west of the Mississippi River. Strong influences emanating from Curtis’s involvement in pictorial fine art and commercial photography, as well as the developing field of American anthropology and early ethnographic writing, tempered his early work. Curtis was exposed to the developing notion of the “vanishing race” of indigenous peoples, and he joined in the overwhelming response by American ethnographers and anthropologists to salvage any cultural information ...


Living Among The Ruins Of An Unknown Past: Economic Realities, Sociocultural Perceptions, And Archaeological Practice In The Naco Valley, Honduras, Jose Enrique Moreno-Cortes Nov 2015

Living Among The Ruins Of An Unknown Past: Economic Realities, Sociocultural Perceptions, And Archaeological Practice In The Naco Valley, Honduras, Jose Enrique Moreno-Cortes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study addresses the relationship between perceptions of cultural patrimony, socioeconomic realities, and interactions with archaeological sites in two rural communities in the Naco Valley, Honduras. Palmarejo and Palos Blancos are communities situated around the Naco Valley, that share their space with two major archaeological sites.The residents of these communities interact with the archaeological sites by using their area for farming, cattle grazing, and social/recreational activities. On several occasions, the mounds in the archaeological sites have been used as a source of raw materials for construction. Thus far, the damage to the ruins by these activities has been ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry And Stable Isotopes In Assessing Ancient Coastal Peruvian Diets, Theresa Jane Gilbertson Nov 2015

A Comparative Analysis Of Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry And Stable Isotopes In Assessing Ancient Coastal Peruvian Diets, Theresa Jane Gilbertson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores a cross-cultural analysis of the dietary signatures of four coastal cultures of prehistoric Peru. A combination of elemental analysis based on portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (pXRF), testing trace elements presented in 209 individuals’ skulls representing the Nazca (38), Cañete (33), Lima (40), and Moche (98) valleys and/or cultures of the first millennium AD, is weighed in conjunction with isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) to analyze human bone collagen and bone apatite derived from a portion of the individuals represented in the Nazca, Cañete, and Lima cranial samples.

Evidence from the results of both tests are weighed ...


Genre, Justice & Quentin Tarantino, Eric Michael Blake Nov 2015

Genre, Justice & Quentin Tarantino, Eric Michael Blake

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The films of Quentin Tarantino have held a significant influence on modern cinema, and therefore on cinema studies. As such, studies on the social and philosophical implications of his work have appeared over the years, mostly in regards to content. However, with the exception of references to his use of cinematic violence, studies of his technique—i.e., his cinematic style—have been rare, and rarer still have been studies of the social implications that arise from the patterns of his style as well as those his subject matter.

The following thesis seeks to use the concept of Auteur Theory ...


Like Blood From A Stone: Teasing Out Social Difference From Lithic Production Debris At Kolomoki (9er1), Martin Menz Nov 2015

Like Blood From A Stone: Teasing Out Social Difference From Lithic Production Debris At Kolomoki (9er1), Martin Menz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Early phases of Kolomoki’s occupation have been characterized as relatively egalitarian, with little evidence for status differentiation. However, patterned variability in lithic raw material use and intensity of production in domestic areas suggests heterogeneity in the community at multiple scales. In light of Kolomoki’s emphasis on communal ceremony, internal divisions between groups of households highlight the tension between public and private expressions of status and social solidarity. New radiocarbon dates from the southern margins of the village have allowed us to assess the contemporaneity of this pattern, and by extension, the chronology of village aggregation.


Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke Nov 2015

Identifying Humanized Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impacts, Intentionality, And Resource Acquisition At Crystal River (8ci1) And Roberts Island (8ci41), Charles Trevor Duke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact of human activity on ecosystems is an issue at the forefront of global concern. Marine ecosystems are a particular concern, given their importance for human sustenance. Through the removal of species that are highly susceptible to the effects of overfishing, global fisheries have been driven to near collapse in recent decades. The long-term effects of such practices has resulted in declines in mean trophic level of aggregate fish catches over time, as well as decreasing diversity of species available for regular harvest (Jackson et al. 2001; Pauly et al. 1998). These supposedly “modern” problems have been recently identified ...


Pottery Exchange And Interaction At The Crystal River Site (8ci1), Florida, Kassie Christine Kemp Oct 2015

Pottery Exchange And Interaction At The Crystal River Site (8ci1), Florida, Kassie Christine Kemp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Crystal River site (8CI1) is a Woodland-period mound (ca. 1000 BC to AD 1050) complex located on the west-central Gulf coast of Florida. Links to the Hopewell Interaction Sphere suggest that the people of Crystal River had connections with a broad range of communities, yet little is known concerning the role the site played in local, regional, or long-distance exchange networks. Pottery traditions vary amongst different communities of practice, therefore the level of interaction at Crystal River can be measured by looking at variation in the ceramic assemblage. I combine type/attribute, vessel form and function, gross paste, and ...


Igaty: An Archetype-Based Interactive Generative Abstraction System Focusing On Museum Interior Archetypes, Joori Suh Jan 2015

Igaty: An Archetype-Based Interactive Generative Abstraction System Focusing On Museum Interior Archetypes, Joori Suh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Archetype in Greek means an original model that prevails in all later forms of variations, combinations, and transformations. In the field of design, types and archetypes have been used as an analytical tool; unfortunately, archetypes have not been perceived as promising prospects in the search for creative ideas, and the dynamic transformative quality embedded in archetypes has not been fully utilized among students and designers. Despite its inherent potential as sources of ideas for future invention, a number of scholars have criticized the typological approach to design for its exclusive nature primarily due to a misunderstanding of its fundamental structure ...


Design Characteristics Of China’S Early Ch’Ing Dynasty Exteriors And Interiors, And Their Reinterpretation In America, Liu Yang Jan 2015

Design Characteristics Of China’S Early Ch’Ing Dynasty Exteriors And Interiors, And Their Reinterpretation In America, Liu Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interior design and architecture of the Ch’ing Dynasty (1644-1911) is one of the most complex and glorious periods in Chinese design history. Though founded on prior aesthetic achievements, it successfully built upon and transformed them. Major constructions during this period included the Shenyang Imperial Palace Complex (1625-1783), the expansion and repair of the Ming Forbidden City (1655-1911), and the Summer Palace (1750-1902).

This thesis focuses on the Shenyang Imperial Palace Complex in China and the Telephone Exchange Building in San Francisco, CA, to understand 1) the design and artistic characteristics of China’s early Ch’ing Dynasty interior and ...


An Assessment Of The Chesrow Complex (Older Than Clovis?) In Southeast Wisconsin, Matthew Allen Neff Jan 2015

An Assessment Of The Chesrow Complex (Older Than Clovis?) In Southeast Wisconsin, Matthew Allen Neff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The colonization of the Americas has been a major focus of archaeological research. The presence of highly mobile hunter-gatherers at ~11,200 B. P. was thought to represent the first appearance of humans on the landscape. This idea has been challenged by the discovery of several pre-Clovis sites across both continents that seem to have dates much older than 11,000 B.P. One example is the Chesrow complex in southeast Wisconsin. Evaluating the legitimacy of a pre-Clovis age for the complex would provide new evidence that could be incorporated into existing models for the migration and occupation of North ...


Women In A Box, Hua Pan Jan 2015

Women In A Box, Hua Pan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is the written component of the exhibition that was be held from March 26 through April 9, 2015 in the gallery of 203 Design On Main, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. "Women in a Box," the name of the thesis, explores the sexual imbalance and women's to-be-looked-at-ness in patriarchal society, and concerns how mass media construct beauty standards and sexual attractiveness and the impacts on women's identities. The artwork contains installations, pattern design, paintings, as well as video arts.

This writing component documents the inspiration and intention of the artist in creating the work. It also ...