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“I Want Ketchup On My Rice”: The Role Of Child Agency On Arab Migrant Families Food And Foodways, Faisal Kh. Alkhuzaim Jul 2018

“I Want Ketchup On My Rice”: The Role Of Child Agency On Arab Migrant Families Food And Foodways, Faisal Kh. Alkhuzaim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory research study examines changes in food and foodways (food habits) among Arab migrant families in a small community in Tampa, Florida. It also explores how those families’ children may play a role in the process of change. Within this community, I conducted my research study at a private school, where I recruited families with children between the ages of eight and seventeen. In applying the ecological model of food and nutrition and the developmental niche theoretical framework, this research draws on qualitative methods, including structured interviews with parents; focus group discussion with parents; a food survey; and children ...


Changing Narratives Of Martyrdom In The Works Of Huguenot Printers During The Wars Of Religion., Byron J. Hartsfield Apr 2018

Changing Narratives Of Martyrdom In The Works Of Huguenot Printers During The Wars Of Religion., Byron J. Hartsfield

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of my project is to show how the lives, strategies and attitudes of Huguenot printers of the late sixteenth century both reflected and influenced the self-image of Protestant Europeans. Historians of the book such as Roger Chartier and Adrian Johns have argued that the process of printing includes several components which are easily overlooked by historians interested in exploring thoughts and attitudes. My project attempts to put these insights to practical use by demonstrating how printers were as integral to the process of reading as were readers and writers. I investigate the lives, social networks, and business strategies ...


Jewish Trail Of Tears Ii: Children Refugee Bills Of 1939 And 1940, Dennis Ross Laffer Mar 2018

Jewish Trail Of Tears Ii: Children Refugee Bills Of 1939 And 1940, Dennis Ross Laffer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare and contrast the origins, formulation, course, and outcome of three major American immigration schemes to provide haven for German Jewish and non-Aryan refugees and British children: The Intergovernmental Committee for Political Refugees (better known as the Evian Conference), and particularly the German Refugee Children’s Bill (also labeled as the Wagner-Rogers Bill) and the Hennings Bill. The Evian Conference, called for by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the aftermath of the Anschluss, the German annexation of Austria, sought to create a global solution to the problem of forced migration. The Wagner-Rogers Bill ...


The Viability Of Democratic Governance In De Facto States: A Comparative Case Study Of Iraqi Kurdistan And Syria Rojava, Chelsea Vogel Mar 2018

The Viability Of Democratic Governance In De Facto States: A Comparative Case Study Of Iraqi Kurdistan And Syria Rojava, Chelsea Vogel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The following comparative case study of Iraqi Kurdistan and Democratic Federation of Northern Syria-Rojava seeks to fill a gap in literature on the viability of democracy in cases of de facto statehood. There is yet to be an assessment of the potential influence of support from patron states on the degree to which democratization in de facto states is possible. This research expands upon on the argument that the decision to recognize de facto states is at least partially dependent upon the national interests of influential third party states. Syria Rojava has relied heavily on the strength of its internal ...


Tourist-Technicians: Civilian Diplomacy, Tourism, And Development In Cold War YucatãƒÂ¡N, Katherine Warming Jan 2018

Tourist-Technicians: Civilian Diplomacy, Tourism, And Development In Cold War YucatãƒÂ¡N, Katherine Warming

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In 1964, the United States Agency for International Development created the Partners of the Alliance for Progress to match state-level civilian volunteer organizations in the United States and Latin America. Local Partners of the Alliance chapters coordinated cultural, technical, and material exchanges between civilians in two sub-national regions to increase the visibility and perceived efficacy of the Alliance for Progress within Latin American communities. Previous works on Cold War diplomacy in Latin America have focused on the Alliance for Progress as a largely-ineffective federal program. These studies have neglected the role of the civilian Partners volunteers in supporting Alliance activity ...


Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2018

Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The rise of the corporation is one of the most transformative events in the history of United States, including the agricultural economy. Seeking to understand how these private businesses influence American foodways, my research examines the emergence of agribusiness in the period after 1945. These private entities manipulated the physical and metaphysical landscape of agriculture to sell not just their products, but also to remake rural America in a way that suited their needs. Agribusinesses wanted to make themselves, their products, and their specific vision of production and consumption, indispensable to the agricultural system. They intended to expand their hold ...


Desegregating The Stands: De Facto Segregation Redrawn Through Social Interaction And Sports At The University Of Mississippi In The 1970s, Nathan Robert Smith Jan 2018

Desegregating The Stands: De Facto Segregation Redrawn Through Social Interaction And Sports At The University Of Mississippi In The 1970s, Nathan Robert Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In September of 1972, Robert “Gentle Ben” Williams became the first black football player for the University of Mississippi. This study focuses on the formal and informal forms that segregation took place on campus at the University of Mississippi during his tenure. With the introduction of Williams on the Rebels squad, all major Division I football teams achieved a level of at least token integration. An examination of the student body at the school reveals segregated spaces formed informally between white and black students on campus.

By probing the student produced newspapers the minutia of day to day life, along ...


Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall Jan 2018

Sandinistas And Prostitutas: Reeducation And Rehabilitation Of Prostitutes In Revolutionary Nicaragua, 1980-1987, Sydney Marshall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In June 1981, the Sandinista Police conducted a series of arrests of prostitutes throughout Nicaragua. The Sandinistas (or the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) triumphed over the previous dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle, assuming control over the country in the summer of 1979. The Sandinistas, a revolutionary group influenced by socialist ideology, led a revolution (1979-1990) that sought to change multiple aspects of Nicaraguan society, including the economic role of women. Why did the Sandinistas focus on eradicating prostitution at a time of internal division and international conflict? In March 1982, the FSLN created the Institute of Social ...


Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva Jan 2018

Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Communication processes between citizens and institutions differ according to the culture, politics, and economies in different societies. However, under certain circumstances, communication patterns may share common elements across cultures, especially if a social issue has cross-national characteristics. This study aims to analyze cross-cultural variations in anti-nuclear protests that emerged in Kazakhstan in 1989 and were continuing in the U.S. that year. Based on the theory of political opportunity, this critical discourse analysis illustrates what sorts of approaches activists used to promote their resistance to nuclear testing. The nature of activists’ antinuclear arguments, their choice of communication tools, and local ...


Children With A Cause: Training Antebellum Children For The Abolition Of Slavery, Erik A. Stumpf Jan 2018

Children With A Cause: Training Antebellum Children For The Abolition Of Slavery, Erik A. Stumpf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the efforts of abolitionists in the antebellum United States to recruit children to join in their battle against slavery. From the very beginnings of this movement, abolitionists understood that reaching adults would be virtually impossible and turned to children, whom they considered to be natural enemies of slavery, to become the catalyst which they believed would inspire people across the nation to combat slavery and successfully seek its end. Abolitionists constructed a new model of childhood which viewed children not as people who needed to be taught obedience, but people who needed to be instructed in ways ...


The Suffering South: 1878 Yellow Fever Narratives And Post-Reconstruction Southern Identity, Jessica Wells Nov 2017

The Suffering South: 1878 Yellow Fever Narratives And Post-Reconstruction Southern Identity, Jessica Wells

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Suffering South offers a cultural history of a yellow fever epidemic that swept through the Mississippi Valley in 1878. It argues that the yellow fever narratives created during this epidemic constituted a discursive attempt by Southerners to renegotiate Southern identity and social hierarchy following the Civil War and Reconstruction. White Southerners, in particular, used the epidemic as an occasion to foster a return to a more traditional foundation of white supremacy and patriarchy as the basis for Southern identity and belonging. The narratives written by these Southerners, in which they described their experiences with yellow fever and the effects ...


Re-Placing The Plantation Landscape At Yulee’S Margarita Plantation, Katherine M. Padula Oct 2017

Re-Placing The Plantation Landscape At Yulee’S Margarita Plantation, Katherine M. Padula

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

U.S. Senator David Levy Yulee’s Margarita sugar plantation flourished from 1851 to 1864 in Homosassa, Citrus County, Florida. The plantation was abandoned in 1864 and memory of its precise location slowly faded, as the physical evidence of its existence deteriorated. Today, the only plantation structure known to be still standing is the sugar mill, preserved as part of the Yulee Sugar Mill Ruins Historic State Park (CI124B). The remainder of the plantation, including its boundaries, remains unknown. Perhaps at least partly owing to this absence, the mill’s interpretive signage provides an unfortunate univocal historical interpretation of the ...


Measuring Up: Standardized Testing And The Making Of Postwar American Identities, 1940-2001, Keegan J. Shepherd Oct 2017

Measuring Up: Standardized Testing And The Making Of Postwar American Identities, 1940-2001, Keegan J. Shepherd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Standardized testing is a defining feature of contemporary American society. It not only governs how people are channeled through their schooling; it amplifies existing social disparities. Nonetheless, standardized testing endures, namely because it has served as a vital tool for the post-1945 American state. The postwar state prioritized, on the one hand, the cultivation of intellects resilient enough to sustain American geopolitical supremacy through scientific discovery and technological innovation and, on the other hand, the maintenance of an obedient population that would not disrupt existing social hierarchies. Standardized testing helped the postwar state solve this mind-body dilemma. As a function ...


The Common Uncanny: Ghostlore And The Creation Of Virginia History, Alena R. Pirok Jul 2017

The Common Uncanny: Ghostlore And The Creation Of Virginia History, Alena R. Pirok

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ghost stories have a long and diverse history, they appeared in religious contexts, in secular traditions, in entertainment, and in therapy and healing. Few elements of human culture have been as dynamic as the idea that the dead return to the living world as immaterial beings. Since the late nineteenth century Virginians have used ghost stories to talk about, interpret, and understand the historical significance of place. This dissertation argues that Virginians have used ghost stories to identify and make meaning of historical sites since the turn of the last century. These historical ghost stories sought to highlight the presence ...


Countering The Questionable Actions Of The Cpd And Fec, Brian C. Cole Jun 2017

Countering The Questionable Actions Of The Cpd And Fec, Brian C. Cole

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For his study, the author determines whether the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) and the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) are sovereign entities, or if they are pawns of the Democratic and Republican parties (Political Duopoly) aimed to prevent smaller candidates from participating in the CPD’s Presidential Debates.

The author’s rationale for his research is based on the fact that, despite a large majority of American voters want to hear other voices in the CPD debates, the CPD has not allowed other voices to participate in the debates since 1992, through use of the CPD’s fifteen-percent support requirement ...


Self-Representation Of Women In Eighteenth-Century Europe: Lady Anna Miller And The Grand Tour, Annie Kristina Polzella Mar 2017

Self-Representation Of Women In Eighteenth-Century Europe: Lady Anna Miller And The Grand Tour, Annie Kristina Polzella

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Grand Tour is known to scholars as a significant period of travel in which members of English society could immerse themselves in the foreign, while also adhering to established social customs. Scholarship previously regarded the Grand Tour as an intellectual journey for aristocratic Englishmen; however, an incorporation of women into this narrative has introduced many new and important themes that merit further study. Women’s increasing participation in the Grand Tour, which gained in popularity in the eighteenth century, reveals many unique aspects of British society in the period. The integration of women into the Tour is also an ...


"Mothers Like Us Think Differently": Mothers' Negotiations Of Virginity In Contemporary Turkey, Asli Aygunes Mar 2017

"Mothers Like Us Think Differently": Mothers' Negotiations Of Virginity In Contemporary Turkey, Asli Aygunes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Even though virginity in Turkey is commonly defined, thus gendered, as losing the hymen, in Turkish society, discourses of virginity connect to broader discussions, such as modernity, morality, social honor/shame, religion, family values, and even medicine (vaginismus and artificial hymen surgery). Previous scholarship on women’s rights in Turkey outlines how historical approaches by Kemalist secularism were not enough to diminish oppressive social norms such as virginity and how the current conservative government and elements of traditional Turkish society perpetuate virginity as an important virtue for unmarried women. This study adds seven Turkish mothers’ interpretations of what I am ...


Re-Ethnicization Of Second Generation Non-Muslim Asian Indians In The U.S., Radha Moorthy Mar 2017

Re-Ethnicization Of Second Generation Non-Muslim Asian Indians In The U.S., Radha Moorthy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

When discussing Asian Indian population in the U.S. their economic success and scholastic achievement dominates the discourse. Despite their perceived economic and scholastic success and their status as a “model minority”, Asian Indians experience discrimination, exclusion, and marginalization from mainstream American society. These experiences of discrimination and perceived discrimination are causing second generation Asian Indians to give up on total assimilation and re-ethnicize. They are using different pathways of re-ethnicization to re-claim and to create an ethnic identity. This thesis provides evidence, through secondary sources, that Asian Indians in the U.S. do experience discrimination or perceived discrimination, and ...


Get Ye A Copper Kettle: Appalachia, Moonshine, And A Postcolonial World, Christopher David Adkins Mar 2017

Get Ye A Copper Kettle: Appalachia, Moonshine, And A Postcolonial World, Christopher David Adkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For little over a century, the American region of Appalachia was an internal mineral colony of the United States. This internal colonization produced innumerable negative environmental and economic effects, as well as – most insidious of all – the constructed stereotype of the Hillbilly that even in the Twenty-First Century refuses to die. Yet part and parcel of that same stereotype is something found all over Appalachia, representing a freedom, an identity, and an heritage so long denied to Appalachia and the Appalachian people on its own terms: moonshine, the colorless, unaged corn whiskey long produced both in Appalachia and its Celtic ...


Reforged In Fire: The Central Building Of Iowa State, Daniel Kaiser Jan 2017

Reforged In Fire: The Central Building Of Iowa State, Daniel Kaiser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University began as a small land grant institution that offered a narrow education in the agricultural and technical fields. The College Building, commonly referred to as Old Main, housed students and provided several classrooms for Iowa State. The structure was the focal point of the campus, and the building symbolized the college’s original narrow educational goals and purposes. After the state government amended Iowa’s educational code in 1884, the institution gradually began to broaden its curriculum and introduced new courses which triggered a backlash from farmers’ organizations. This opposition halted Iowa State’s expanding educational goals ...


“Where The West Began: Environment, Transportation, And Capitalism In Marion County, Indiana, 1820-1860”, Kelly Stephen Wenig Jan 2017

“Where The West Began: Environment, Transportation, And Capitalism In Marion County, Indiana, 1820-1860”, Kelly Stephen Wenig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines Midwestern development and focuses on the early development of Marion County, Indiana, through the end of the Civil War and examines the ways that the region’s overwhelmingly rural residents adapted to the challenges and successes of the urban growth and market interconnectivity that they sought from the moment of settlement. Starting with initial meetings of the Marion County Commissioners and examining major municipal turning points including the passage of the Mammoth Internal Improvements Bill, the Panic of 1837, the arrival of the first railroad a decade later, and the onset of the Civil War, this work ...


Success And Failure In The Dakota Territory: Individuals And Their Unique Definitions During The Homesteading Era, Brandon W. Duxbury Jan 2017

Success And Failure In The Dakota Territory: Individuals And Their Unique Definitions During The Homesteading Era, Brandon W. Duxbury

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The definitions of success and failure historians use to describe the goals of homesteaders during the late nineteenth century often revolve around arbitrary measures of land and wealth accumulation and persistence. The method allows historians to easily study large populations by dividing them into categories. Doing so reduces complex individuals to a single characteristic – rich, poor, immigrant, native-born, male, female – and removes the agency each person has to create their own definitions of success and failure. Three men – Wesley Hunt, Gunder Olson, and Adam Royhl – of different backgrounds and economic statuses found themselves owning land in the Dakota Territory between ...


Bridewell’S Fall: Summary Justice In London, 1730-1800, Benjamin Nelson Jan 2017

Bridewell’S Fall: Summary Justice In London, 1730-1800, Benjamin Nelson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bridewell house of correction had been essential in dealing with vagrancy and all sorts of petty offending since the day it first took in prisoners in 1555. Its purpose was to clear disorder from streets and monitor virtually all aspects of private and public life. Reforming offenders through work was key to its operation. A royal charter granted in 1553 gave Bridewell sweeping powers to police the city and neighbouring built-up Middlesex. It also set up a court inside its walls that would prove to be very controversial. Bridewell was a faint shadow of its former self by 1800. There ...


Rural Revitalization Throughout The Midwest: Preserving Our Past To Create A Sustainable Future, Mackenzie Rebekka Waddell Jan 2017

Rural Revitalization Throughout The Midwest: Preserving Our Past To Create A Sustainable Future, Mackenzie Rebekka Waddell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Rural revitalization has grown in popularity in recent years. Throughout the Midwest*, communities have adopted this practice in order to preserve their heritage. The benefits of this practice are social, cultural, economic, agricultural, environmental, and historical in nature. When restoring a community’s commercial district and subsequent residential neighborhoods, it is shown that property values as well as tourism increase. Rural revitalization also leads to a decrease in suburban growth thus preserving valued farmland. A community can experience all these benefits by working to preserve its architectural and historical integrity. Proof of this statement can be witnessed in communities ...


A Woman Lies Bleeding On The Ground: Prostitution And Underground Economy In Nineteenth Century Charleston, Sarah Pillman Amundson Jan 2017

A Woman Lies Bleeding On The Ground: Prostitution And Underground Economy In Nineteenth Century Charleston, Sarah Pillman Amundson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In November of 1882, Charleston madam Fanny Cochran was slain in her doorway by her longtime lover, Emil Hyman. Although this murder sent shockwaves through the city, the events transpired—and the questions it raised—quickly faded from memory. An examination of Fanny Cochran’s life reveals a web of closely connected men and women within the fourth ward of Charleston, South Carolina. These economic actors, many Charleston madams and sex workers, created a system of networks that supplied political and economic capital that would have been otherwise inaccessible to these supposed “powerless” women and connected them to businessmen of ...


"To Dress Against Nature And Reason": Fashion And Transgressive Dressing In The Mid-To-Late Eighteenth Century British North Atlantic, Brenna Buchanan Jan 2017

"To Dress Against Nature And Reason": Fashion And Transgressive Dressing In The Mid-To-Late Eighteenth Century British North Atlantic, Brenna Buchanan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Because of changes due to Atlantic trade, commerce, consumption, and continual expansion across the globe, ideas of the natural and artificial shifted rapidly for those in the British North Atlantic during the mid-to-late eighteenth century. An increased relationship between the idea of the control of nature and greater human improvement through clothing, hairdressing, and costuming emerged. This meant that clothing styles changed very quickly. Certain items of clothes, along with the actions of transgressive dressing prompted contemporaries to revisit and reconsider their relationship with nature and artifice. Clothing's greater availability made it an unreliable tool for creating distinctions between ...


Nothin' But A Good Time: Hair Metal, Conservatism, And The End Of The Cold War In The 1980s, Chelsea Anne Watts Nov 2016

Nothin' But A Good Time: Hair Metal, Conservatism, And The End Of The Cold War In The 1980s, Chelsea Anne Watts

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This dissertation offers a cultural history of the 1980s through an examination of one of the decade’s most memorable cultural forms – hair metal. The notion that hair metal musicians, and subsequently their fans, wanted “nothin’ but a good time,” shaped popular perceptions of the genre as shallow, hedonistic, and apolitical. Set against the backdrop of Reagan’s election and the rise of conservatism throughout the decade, hair metal’s transgressive nature embodied in the performers’ apparent obsession with partying and their absolute refusal to adopt the traditional values and trappings of “yuppies” or middle-class Americans, certainly appeared to be ...


The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell Nov 2016

The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My goal with this dissertation was to discover more about how the Bildungsroman genre in English or the coming-of-age story became a staple of post-colonial and ethnic minority writing. I grew up reading novels like these and feel a great deal of affection for them, and I wanted to understand how authors writing in these other traditions represented a broader response to colonialist Western culture. My method was to survey philosophical approaches to subjectivity and subject-formation, read a wide variety of texts I understood as engaging with the Bildung tradition, and examining how they represented subject-formation.

While I originally saw ...


Negotiating The Delta: Dr. T.R.M. Howard In Mound Bayou, Mississippi, William Jackson Southerland Oct 2016

Negotiating The Delta: Dr. T.R.M. Howard In Mound Bayou, Mississippi, William Jackson Southerland

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This paper examines the racially segregationist practices and the integrationist, inclusionist formation of African American leader Dr. T.R.M. Howard during his tenure as a surgeon and entrepreneur in the all-black Mississippi Delta community of Mound Bayou, 1942-1956. The paper analytically investigates the careful racial negotiations that were required of Howard as he advanced a separatist but egalitarian economic and social plan for Delta blacks. This separatist plan, it is argued, is grounded in the racial pragmatism of the Seventh-day Adventist church which provided a bibliocentric, Tuskegee-inspired education to Howard from youth through medical school and beyond. Howard’s ...


Growth, And Development Of Care For Leprosy Sufferers Provided By Religious Institutions From The First Century Ad To The Middle Ages, Philippa Juliet Meek May 2016

Growth, And Development Of Care For Leprosy Sufferers Provided By Religious Institutions From The First Century Ad To The Middle Ages, Philippa Juliet Meek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims to outline the causes, symptoms, and treatments related to leprosy, and how it can be diagnosed in patients and identified in human remains. The thesis also aims to demonstrate the ways in which care for leprosy sufferers developed as the disease became more prevalent and more commonly, and correctly identified. It analyses the social stigmas inflicted upon sufferers, and the medical care and attention provided for them by religious institutions when other groups or organisations shunned those suffering from leprosy. The rationale for this study is to identify trends surrounding the social stigmas attached to leprosy and ...