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Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan Jan 2018

Evaluation Of Consumer Perceptions And Acceptance Of Sustainable Fashion Products Made Of Bacterial Cellulose, Armine Ghalachyan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to tremendous contributions of the fashion industry to environmental degradation, novel sustainable materials and practices are becoming increasingly important. The purpose of this research was to investigate consumer perceptions of fashion products made from bacterial cellulose (BC), a novel sustainable material. Research objectives were to: (a) understand how consumers perceive and characterize BC material based on the senses of touch, sight, smell, and hearing; (b) identify areas for material improvement and potential barriers and motivations for consumer acceptance of products made of BC; and (c) evaluate the acceptability of BC, from a consumer perspective, as a novel material for ...


Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer Jan 2018

Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Through my project, Traces: a farm in eastern Iowa, I photograph interior and exterior spaces of Kenny and June Friederick’s retired dairy farm. The images provide record of the home and acreage throughout 2017 and early 2018, a time when farming practices are rapidly evolving. Grouped with aerial photographs and farm day books (1980 - current), the project shares a representation of the farm as it exists today and a reference to the history of the space. Through the combination of photographs and text, I present a tribute to the immeasurable contribution of a farmer to his or her land ...


Pollen Forecasting In Sarasota, Florida, Daniel J. Gessman Jun 2017

Pollen Forecasting In Sarasota, Florida, Daniel J. Gessman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Current predictions of pollen levels rely strictly on historical Averages, regardless of environmental factors that might affect the timing of pollen release by different plants. For this thesis, the goal was to develop a statistical model that will accurately forecast pollen levels by correlating those daily counts to atmospheric and meteorological conditions. This project used ARIMA modeling on IBM’s SPSS Statistics 24 of daily pollen count information for multiple allergenic pollens in the Sarasota County, Florida area over a 11-year period. The pollen species in question for this project are oak and cypress trees, grass, and ragweed pollens; and ...


Scoria: Poetry And Prose, Taylor Clinton Brorby Jan 2017

Scoria: Poetry And Prose, Taylor Clinton Brorby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This hybrid thesis of poetry and prose examines the Bakken oil boom, an inheritance of coal, and explores the path of how to move forward given the state of climate change.


#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy Jan 2017

#Notiowanice: Guerrilla Design Tactics And Addressing Nitrate Pollution, Heather V. Sumners-Purdy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Calling attention to the issue of nitrate pollution in Iowa’s waterways as a result of current agricultural practices, my goal was to initiate a dialogue on social media prompted by guerrilla tactics. The issue of nitrate pollution has been steadily increasing over the past decade as a result of Iowa’s lack of environmental mandates to maintain and monitor nitrate leeching from the soil into the watersheds. In 2015, this issue initiated a lawsuit by the Des Moines Water Works against three northern farming counties, citing runoff into ditches that feed into the Raccoon River as source points of ...


"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon Jan 2017

"If You Have Money, You Have Water": Intersectional Influences On Women’S Participation In Irrigation Management In Batken, Kyrgyzstan, Rebecca E. Nixon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Participatory processes have been widely promoted within the field of natural resource management as a method to support efficient resource use. As women are often key stakeholders in natural resource use, the importance of their inclusion in these initiatives has also been stressed. Specifically, research has shown that women’s participation positively impacts outcomes of development initiatives and can transform gendered hierarchies by empowering women in community decision making. However, participatory initiatives are not necessarily inclusive; rather, it has been shown that these processes can exacerbate existing inequalities and specifically, that women can be excluded from participation.

In Kyrgyzstan, participation ...


Rural Revitalization Throughout The Midwest: Preserving Our Past To Create A Sustainable Future, Mackenzie Rebekka Waddell Jan 2017

Rural Revitalization Throughout The Midwest: Preserving Our Past To Create A Sustainable Future, Mackenzie Rebekka Waddell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Rural revitalization has grown in popularity in recent years. Throughout the Midwest*, communities have adopted this practice in order to preserve their heritage. The benefits of this practice are social, cultural, economic, agricultural, environmental, and historical in nature. When restoring a community’s commercial district and subsequent residential neighborhoods, it is shown that property values as well as tourism increase. Rural revitalization also leads to a decrease in suburban growth thus preserving valued farmland. A community can experience all these benefits by working to preserve its architectural and historical integrity. Proof of this statement can be witnessed in communities ...


Material Expertise: Applying Object-Oriented Rhetoric In Marine Policy, Zachary Parke Dixon Jul 2016

Material Expertise: Applying Object-Oriented Rhetoric In Marine Policy, Zachary Parke Dixon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation applies object-oriented rhetorics and posthuman philosophies to environmental policy deliberation in order to help bridge gaps between policy makers, scientists, and citizens. For environmental policy scholars the non-credentialed expertise of local, or indigenous stakeholders is valued as possessing technical, objective merit that can improve the development and implementation of environmental policies. However, the utilization of stakeholder expertise in environmental policy faces serious challenges in terms of finding common grounds for communication within complex techno-social systems, of overcoming deep cultural differences and perceptions, and grave ethical issues of access and power. This dissertation develops two case studies of marine ...


Surrogate-Based Design Optimization Of Dual-Rotor Wind Turbines Using Steady Rans Equations, Andrew Scott Thelen Jan 2016

Surrogate-Based Design Optimization Of Dual-Rotor Wind Turbines Using Steady Rans Equations, Andrew Scott Thelen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dual-rotor wind turbines (DRWT) may offer better energy efficiency over their single-rotor counterparts in isolated and in windfarm operation. The design and analysis of DRWT requires, among other, the use of computational fluid dynamics models. Depending on their formulation, these models can be computationally expensive. Numerous simulations are typically required during the design process, which may render the overall computational cost to be prohibitive. This thesis investigates and compares several optimization techniques for the design of DRWTs. In particular, the DRWT fluid flow is solved using the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with a two-equation turbulence model on an axisymmetric mesh, while ...


Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott Jan 2016

Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The environment is being negatively affected by the behavior of human beings. Climate change, while a natural occurrence, is happening at an unnatural pace, sped up by human actions. Even with these things in mind, it seems an impossible task to get people to move toward positive environmental impacts. While many people are aware of environmental issues, they don’t fully understand what actions are contributing to the problems, what alternative options they have, or how they can help alleviate the problem. With that in mind, I examine how effective interactive design can be at creating a learning environment by ...


Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina Jan 2016

Place-Based Communities And Neoliberalism: A Study Of The Artisanal Fishing Community Of Chorrillos, Peru, Héctor Andrés Bombiella Medina

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about artisanal fishers in Chorrillos, a small bay near the southern edge of Lima, Peru, and how they use place as an instrument to defend their access to fishing resources on Peru's central coast. The context of this research work includes global neoliberal influences on the Peruvian state and the negotiation of global and local economics, politics, and social issues. Over the last decade, depletion in fish stocks has led to tensions between industrial and artisanal fishers, and demands from the industrial sector to reduce Peruvian state protections for artisanal fishers. Not only are Chorrillos's ...


Cather And The Turner Thesis: Reimagining America's Open Frontier, Tonya Ann Tienter Jan 2015

Cather And The Turner Thesis: Reimagining America's Open Frontier, Tonya Ann Tienter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Willa Cather often earns attention from environmental literary scholars for her beatific and nostalgic depiction of "the frontier," though in this ecocritical study, I argue that Cather presents a unique, multi-faceted evolution of America's frontier and claims it, once again, as a physical place that deserves salvaging. From 1913-1925, Cather worked within Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier rhetoric, yet she moved America's frontier from a physical landscape of the past to a frontier-of-war in France and finally into the home. With O Pioneers!, Cather offers a nostalgic view of life in Nebraska, though she rejects Turner's creation ...


Call It Eden: A Novel, Stefanie Brook Trout Jan 2015

Call It Eden: A Novel, Stefanie Brook Trout

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This historical novel is a book-within-a-book. Eden: A Genesis--A History of the Carson Family is framed as a work of nonfiction by the fictional character Lee Rickels. The collection of artifacts assembled by Rickels includes interviews, journal entries, and news clippings covering a fifty-year period following the family line of Frank and Ada Carson, who met in 1920s Chicago and escaped to Eden, an unsettled island in Lake Huron where they built their own community. The false documents are bookended by a foreword and afterword by Rickels and footnoted throughout, creating a double narrative on the subjectivity of history. The ...


Understanding Ethical Consumption Decisions: The Role Of Values, Attitudes And Expectations In The Apparel Purchasing Context, Sonali Diddi Jan 2014

Understanding Ethical Consumption Decisions: The Role Of Values, Attitudes And Expectations In The Apparel Purchasing Context, Sonali Diddi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study provides understanding of factors that affect U.S. consumers' intentions to patronize apparel retail brands that are engaged in corporate social responsibility (CSR). The present study developed a research model based on a dual theoretical framework - theory of reasoned action (TRA) and expectations confirmation theory (ECT). Causal relationships between personal values (universalism and benevolence), moral norms, knowledge of environmental and social issues within the apparel industry, expectations, attitudes and intentions to patronize apparel retail brands engaged in CSR were examined. Data were collected via a web-based survey from a national sample of U.S. consumers who were recruited ...


We Are All Here, Lydia Melby Jan 2014

We Are All Here, Lydia Melby

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract:

A collection of stories, both historical and speculative, about marginalized characters dealing with disease, medicine, and mortality.


Public Perception Of Sustainable Interior Design Practices In Residential Settings, Stephanie Paula Wingate Jan 2014

Public Perception Of Sustainable Interior Design Practices In Residential Settings, Stephanie Paula Wingate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To better understand public perception of sustainable interior design practices in residential settings, two groups of seventy-five home improvement show attendees responded to a twenty question survey. The survey comprised of questions aimed at establishing attitudes about ecology, factors that influence sustainable design preferences and demographics. The ecology section utilized an abridged version of the New Ecological Paradigm Scale (Dunlap et al. Journal of Environmental Education, 9:10, 2000), which is a survey utilized to predict environmental world views. Items in the sustainable design section were chosen to reflect participants' opinions about sustainable design features in the home, along with ...


Taking Back The Commons: Motivating Factors For The Local Control Of Gmos, Lydia Rae Levinson Jan 2014

Taking Back The Commons: Motivating Factors For The Local Control Of Gmos, Lydia Rae Levinson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Issues of food policy, agricultural policy, and environmental policy all converge in the discussion of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Presently, there is no established consensus as to the safety of GMO foods or the long-term effects that genetically engineered crops might have on human and environmental health. While state initiatives to label GMOs have recently received much media attention, these efforts have been largely defeated by fierce industry opposition. Yet in communities across the country, citizens are working collectively to reframe the issue of GMO policy and resist the corporatization of agriculture by advocating for local land use regulations that ...


Salvaging Salmon: Shasta Dam And The Conservation Movement, Anna Leah Blumstein Jan 2014

Salvaging Salmon: Shasta Dam And The Conservation Movement, Anna Leah Blumstein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The story of the salmon runs of Shasta Dam offers a microcosm for the conservation movement as a whole in the 1930's and 40's, a period that is not yet well studied in US environmental history. It is a time when conservationism was largely a focus of well-off and well-educated people, without much broad public discourse. Nonetheless, important work was being done that helped set the stage for the modern environmental movement. The Central Valley Project in California and its impact on salmon helped show the value of ecology, which would become a rallying cry for the environmental ...


Auditions For The Volunteer Mission To Mars: Stories, Geetha Iyer Jan 2014

Auditions For The Volunteer Mission To Mars: Stories, Geetha Iyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Auditions for the Volunteer Mission to Mars is a collection of short stories about migration and displacement. I explore the homelessness or rootlessness experienced by those who are products of globalization, ranging from tourists and travelers to refugees and those indentured by economic or social forces to live in homes that are not of their choosing. I also explore the environmental phenomenon of ecosystem degradation as a result of people's displacement—as humans make new homes in unfamiliar terrain, the landscape is ruptured by their presence. The environmental backdrop serves to amplify the problem of human rootlessness in an ...


Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox Jan 2014

Integral Agriculture: Taking Seriously The Mindset Of The Farmer, The Interiority Of The Beings On The Farm, And A Metaphysics That Connects Them, Travis E. B. Cox

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the steady increase in the market share of organic food over the last 30 years, some farmers have switched from "conventional" to "sustainable" agricultural practices in order to capitalize on those new markets. Are the practices the only things that need to change?

Building off of Warwick Fox's conception of "transpersonal ecology," transpersonal agroecology (TPAE) is the name given to a proposed alternative mindset of the farmer derived from various alternative agricultural theorists of the last 100 years. These writers oppose the scientism and economism that typify industrial agriculture, subscribe to the notion that experiences of "identification" between ...


Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai Jan 2013

Testing The Effectiveness Of Video To Complement Or Replace The Lecture/Demonstration Group Training Approach For Farmers In Kamuli District, Uganda, Tian Cai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the effectiveness of video as a tool to either complement or replace existing lecture/demonstration training for small farmer groups. The effectiveness of video in decreasing the knowledge gap among farmers who differ by gender, bean production volume, and education level was also evaluated. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through a quasi-experiment including a pre-test and a post-test design with three experimental groups. Results showed that video could be an effective complement and replacement for the conventional lecture/demonstration training method. The training method that included both video and traditional lecture/demonstration was especially effective for ...


Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She Jan 2013

Designing Features That Influence Decisions About Sustainable Products, Jinjuan She

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineers make continuous effort to improve the sustainability of products, such as using sophisticated manufacturing approaches, conducting rigorous sustainability analysis, and including materials that decrease environmental impact. However, thoughtful sustainability efforts are sometimes hidden from customers, which are wasted sales features if customers do not know or value them. As green marketing messages are not always trusted, another approach is to communicate sustainability to the customer through the product's visible features. This research proposes and tests a newly-created design technique that helps product designers communicate sustainability in the products they design and, in turn, helps customers to think about ...


Understanding Second-Hand Retailing: A Resource Based Perspective Of Best Practices Leading To Business Success, Jinhee Han Jan 2013

Understanding Second-Hand Retailing: A Resource Based Perspective Of Best Practices Leading To Business Success, Jinhee Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Second-hand clothing has been traded since the Renaissance era, and widely consumed by a majority of the populace. However, very few studies concerning second-hand retailing and consumer preferences have been conducted, especially in the United States. The present study was conducted to understand second-hand retailers' current marketing practices, sourcing strategies, and resources that lead to their business success. Moreover, unique features and definitions of three specialized types of second-hand retailers (e.g., vintage stores, consignment stores, and thrift stores) were discussed through a typology.

Resource-based theory (RBT) (Barney, 1991) and the Four Experiential Realms (4Es) (Pine & Gilmore, 1999) were ...


The Obituary Writer, Corrie Rhoda Byrne Jan 2013

The Obituary Writer, Corrie Rhoda Byrne

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Marian Zuckerman writes obituaries. The problem is, she doesn't write true obituaries. She writes her clients deaths how she thinks those clients would like to have died, or should have died, or how the client's family think they should have died. A heat attack on the toilet becomes an heroic dash into a burning building. One more drunk night behind the wheel becomes a tragic fall through the ice while ice skating. A garage full of gas fumes becomes a snack for an orca whale at the zoo. But not everyone is so understanding of Marian's view ...


Transnational Identity, Food And Community: The Role Of Women In Cultural Continuity And Resistance, Claudia Marcela Prado Meza Jan 2013

Transnational Identity, Food And Community: The Role Of Women In Cultural Continuity And Resistance, Claudia Marcela Prado Meza

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examined the ways transmigrant women exercise resistance to maintain cultural continuity through food. Transnational migrants from Villachuato to Marshalltown, Iowa, U.S., partially changed their food ways to adapt to the pressures of their work regimes. Transmigrant Villachuatan women used a number of food-related mechanisms to resist cultural pressures for an unhealthy, but easily accessible, diet. The towns of Marshalltown, Iowa and Villachuato, Michoacán, México provided a context for understanding the central role of transmigrant women in the food system and how transnational extended family dynamics intersect with food habits and the food system.

Villachuatan women, as subjects ...


A Tongue Set Free From Fashionable Lies, Frederick E. Macvaugh Jan 2012

A Tongue Set Free From Fashionable Lies, Frederick E. Macvaugh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

"A Tongue Set Free from Fashionable Lies"; a collection of lyric and narrative poems, explores human relationships with place, nature, and one another. The collection’s title states succinctly its aesthetic: to express plainly and accessibly the feelings and truths of experience, of a life lived and made meaningful. Each of the collection’s sections explores and celebrates the joys and sorrows of one aspect of human experience: the domestic world and its debts to nature, nature and its mortal dangers, the promise of Heaven. As a collection, the poems praise the contradictions and paradoxes of a life lived and ...


Waiting For The End Of The World, Anna M. Keener Jan 2012

Waiting For The End Of The World, Anna M. Keener

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This non-fiction essay collection examines the author's entry into what Jane Smiley terms the age of grief. Smiley describes it as a period in a person's life when she realizes "a lot of acquaintances and friends have died and all the others are getting ready to sooner or later....the barriers between circumstances of oneself and of the rest of the world have broken down... after all that schooling, all that care." The separate essays build a braided narrative of a young woman grappling with pain in a degraded world. The collection mourns past and future loss, and ...


Sawgrass And The Broken Heart: Stories, Brenna Dixon Jan 2012

Sawgrass And The Broken Heart: Stories, Brenna Dixon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Florida is conceived of as a destination-capital-D (South Beach, Miami, Disney, Sea World). Often overlooked: the giant Confederate flag flying over I-4; the fact that the sand that makes up Miami Beach is actually imported regularly; that some days it's sunny in the front yard while it rains out back. Florida is a weird, wonderful state. There's no other state like it. We're in the geographical south, but we're not The South. We kayak with alligators and find iguanas on our porches and hit the rinse cycle when roaches show up in our dishwashers. We have ...


Assessment Of The Oxbow Morphology Of The Caloosahatchee River And Its Evolution Over Time: A Case Study In South Florida, Chloe Delhomme Jan 2012

Assessment Of The Oxbow Morphology Of The Caloosahatchee River And Its Evolution Over Time: A Case Study In South Florida, Chloe Delhomme

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Caloosahatchee River, located in Southern Florida, was originally a meandering and relatively shallow river. During the 1920s, the Caloosahatchee River was channelized and became the C-43 canal. The channelization has significantly impacted the river ecosystem, particularly the oxbows. The oxbows are the U-shaped water bodies on each side of the river channel, which are the remnant bends of the original river. To understand how anthropogenic influence affects hydrologic systems, the proposed case study was designed to assess the geomorphic changes of the oxbows of the Caloosahatchee River, Florida. Understanding and documenting the evolution of river morphology is becoming increasingly ...


Fishermen, Politics, And Participation: An Ethnographic Examination Of Commercial Fisheries Management In St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, Cynthia Grace-Mccaskey Jan 2012

Fishermen, Politics, And Participation: An Ethnographic Examination Of Commercial Fisheries Management In St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, Cynthia Grace-Mccaskey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Currently, there is widespread debate regarding the overall status of the world's fisheries, with some researchers projecting their total collapse in only a few decades, and others concluding the situation is not quite as bleak. Additional debates include what strategies should be used to manage fisheries at various scales, and further research is needed to determine which strategies are most appropriate for use in particular situations and locales, as context is critical.

Recently, prominent common pool resources scholars have expressed the need for ethnographic approaches to studying resource management institutions in order to move beyond the current focus of ...