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Seeing Trauma: The Known And The Hidden In Nineteenth-Century Literature, Alisa M. Deborde Apr 2018

Seeing Trauma: The Known And The Hidden In Nineteenth-Century Literature, Alisa M. Deborde

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Trauma as an official diagnosis first entered the DSM in 1980 and literary theorists began employing the term to discuss literature not too long after. Since the 1990s, theorists have largely focused on twentieth-century trauma literature with Holocaust and Modernist texts garnering much of the critical interest. Yet, Victorian life was also marked by trauma-causing events. From railway catastrophes, to industrial accidents, to premature deaths, and infectious diseases, Victorians reckoned with wounds to the mind through their lived experience. Trauma scholars who do work with nineteenth-century texts, with few exceptions, consider trauma in terms of its modern theories. While the ...


The Echoes Of Buddha, Jesus Christ, And Fredrich Nietzsche In Cormac Mccarthy’S The Sunset Limited, Hee-Seong Lim Jan 2018

The Echoes Of Buddha, Jesus Christ, And Fredrich Nietzsche In Cormac Mccarthy’S The Sunset Limited, Hee-Seong Lim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As many of Cormac McCarthy scholars have agreed, McCarthy’s film adaptations as well as published novels conspicuously have engaged in religious themes. The purpose of this thesis is to explore religious aspects of the film adaptation of McCarthy’s The Sunset Limited (2011) from Buddhist, Christian, and atheist perspectives. This thesis’ Buddhist reading of The Sunset Limited is the first attempt among religious interpretations of McCarthy’s text, and this is expected to open a new horizon in the religious analysis of McCarthy’s film. The Sunset Limited shows a tension between Black and White, and the tension represents ...


On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry Jan 2018

On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fictionality is regularly used for rhetorical purposes but has been rarely studied, except as it has been used in traditional forms of fiction. This dissertation draws upon rhetorical theory and narrative theory to propose an original analytic framework for isolating and examining the dynamics activated by and peculiar to the employment of fictionality for rhetorical purposes, particularly persuasion and pedagogy. The use of fictionality in ethics thought experiments and business communication textbooks is examined in detail to illustrate this analytic framework.


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...


Manipulation Within The Language Of Love: Politeness Theory, Abuse, And Woody Allen’S Match Point, Stacy Petersen Jan 2018

Manipulation Within The Language Of Love: Politeness Theory, Abuse, And Woody Allen’S Match Point, Stacy Petersen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Politeness theory, proposed by linguists Penelope Brown and Stephen Levinson, posits that power (P), social distance (D), and riskiness (R) of a face-threatening act (FTA) are universally key factors in determining politeness strategies in conversation between two individuals. However, politeness can be used as a form of manipulation, masking the speaker’s true intentions. By using abuse as the underlying intention, I test this claim by analyzing Woody Allen’s Match Point. This film is used because: (1) there are no obvious signs of abuse before a major act of physical violence; (2) an adulterous relationship provides ample manipulative speech ...


Cogwheels Of The Fantastic: The Mechanisms Of Medieval Fantasy, Michael Joseph Wettengel Jan 2018

Cogwheels Of The Fantastic: The Mechanisms Of Medieval Fantasy, Michael Joseph Wettengel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis critically analyzes the fundamental mechanics of the medieval fantasy genre, including its relationship with violence, environment, worldbuilding, and power dynamics. This thesis aims to help establish the start of a lexicon of shared terminology and fantasy novum to better facilitate criticism of medieval fantasy as a distinct genre. Fantasy, Tolkien, and science fiction scholars, amongst others, feature in this thesis to elucidate the current scholarly conversations surrounding fantasy. Said authors also help to illustrate the two primary, fundamental forces of medieval fantasy that this thesis posits are key to understanding the genre for the sake of further critical ...


Villains, Victims, And Virgins: Asexuality In The Films Of Alfred Hitchcock, Erick Burdock Jan 2018

Villains, Victims, And Virgins: Asexuality In The Films Of Alfred Hitchcock, Erick Burdock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis assists in archiving and analyzing queer artifacts for their asexual “resonances,” with the intent to assemble a multivalent archive. To that end, I examine Alfred Hitchcock’s American film oeuvre due to its acclaim, infamy, and the sheer amount of queer scholarship that already exists. I primarily problematize previous scholarship by revealing how binary assumption has limited a thoughtful exploration of certain characters and themes within the Hitchcock canon. The first chapter examines Hitchcock’s most straightforward or literal representation of asexuality, which pathologizes the protagonist’s queerness. In Marnie (1964), the eponymous character undergoes sexual blackmail, “corrective ...


The Systematic Subjugation Of Women And The Environment In The Hunger Games And The Windup Girl, Rachel Grotzke Jan 2018

The Systematic Subjugation Of Women And The Environment In The Hunger Games And The Windup Girl, Rachel Grotzke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This analysis focuses on the system of subjugation present in the 21st century dystopian narratives The Hunger Games and The Windup Girl to show the dual entrapment of women and nature. The first step of the system of subjugation, lack of resources, manifests in both of the texts and points to the environmental justice underpinnings of the texts. Through close analysis of the type and breadth of the environmental injustices suffered, this lack of resources leads to the second step in the system of subjugation: objectification. Because of the need of resources those in power exploit, women are then seen ...


Body As Text: Physiognomy On The Early English Stage, Curtis Le Van Jul 2017

Body As Text: Physiognomy On The Early English Stage, Curtis Le Van

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation explores the presence of physiognomy, which is the reading of faces and bodily affects to determine a person’s character. I investigate plays originally produced for the early English stage, ranging from the late Middle Ages to the Restoration. In this work I argue that the bodies within the selected plays exist as texts that are to be interpreted by readers and audience members alike. While embodiment theory has done excellent work in explaining the corporeality of the pre-modern body, it does not consider the body as a textual construction. My work aims to fill such a gap ...


Traveling Women And Consuming Place In Eighteenth-Century Travel Letters And Journals, Cassie Patricia Childs Apr 2017

Traveling Women And Consuming Place In Eighteenth-Century Travel Letters And Journals, Cassie Patricia Childs

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Traveling Women and Consuming Place in Eighteenth-Century Travel Letters and Journals considers how various women-authored travel narratives of the long eighteenth century employ food in the construction of place and identity. Chronologically charting the letters and journals of Delarivier Manley, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Janet Schaw, and Frances Burney, I argue that the “critical food moments” described in their letters and journals demonstrate material, cultural, and social implications about consumption. My interdisciplinary project is located at the intersection of three seemingly divergent topics: food studies, human geography, and women-authored travel narratives. Approaching “place” as a way of being-in-the-world, my project ...


“The Nations Of The Field And Wood”: The Uncertain Ontology Of Animals In Eighteenth-Century British Literature, J. Kevin Jordan Apr 2017

“The Nations Of The Field And Wood”: The Uncertain Ontology Of Animals In Eighteenth-Century British Literature, J. Kevin Jordan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes the relationship between important intellectual discourses of the late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth centuries and the ontological status of non-human animals. The Enlightenment marks a distinct change in the ways in which humans gather knowledge and interact with the world, a change that forms the foundation for modern relationships between human and non-human animals. Through a theoretical framework that draws from animal studies and ecofeminism, I analyze the ways in which the status of non-human animals is shaped by the intersection of multiple anthropocentric concerns. In doing so, this dissertation probes the foundation of what defines the animal apart ...


Fashioning High-Heeled Identity: Material Culture And Identity Formation In Maya Angelou’S Autobiographies, Sonia Marie Del Hierro Jan 2017

Fashioning High-Heeled Identity: Material Culture And Identity Formation In Maya Angelou’S Autobiographies, Sonia Marie Del Hierro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Maya Angelou’s autobiographies, "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" and "Gather Together in My Name," require an interdisciplinary lens to understand her self-formation and cultural identity. This thesis analyzes the previously overlooked material objects that are tokens of the class structure Angelou wishes to escape. My aim is to increase discussion concerning the significance of clothing, shoes, and cosmetics as they relate to Angelou’s identity.


The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat Jan 2017

The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite their importance, teacher’s manuals (TM) have never drawn much attention in language teaching research, and therefore they have not been researched from the perspective of pronunciation teaching. It may be that they have not been perceived as having a role more than being an answer key for student materials (Sheldon, 1987). However, TMs deserve attention since curriculum materials - including TMs - have a positive impact on teachers’ learning and professional development (Grossman & Thompson, 2008). TMs may especially be crucial in supporting teachers in pronunciation teaching since many teachers find this skill challenging because of lack of training (Foote, Holtby, & Derwing, 2011), lack of experience (Burns, 2006), lack of knowledge (Baker & Murphy, 2011), and lack of confidence (Bernat, 2008).

This study investigated native and non-native English-speaking teachers’ (NEST and NNEST) cognitions – mainly knowledge –in relation to (1) pronunciation teaching and (2) pronunciation teaching materials. In addition, the study explored (3) how teachers used an online teacher’s manual (OTM) and (4) what kind of influences the OTM had on pronunciation teachers’ cognitions about and confidence in pronunciation teaching. Data of this study for the first two research questions came from the survey responses of 54 teachers (NEST=34; NNEST=20) and interview responses of 24 teachers (NEST=14; NNEST=10). Data for the third and fourth research questions came from the weekly journal responses and ...


Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove Jan 2017

Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language (L2) placement exams utilized towards course placement decisions at higher-level educational institutions are considered “high-stakes” relative to the impact that the assessment outcome has on the individual student level as well consequences at the institutional level. Therefore, providing reliable second language assessments that effectively determine L2 learner language proficiency can lower course placement error issues. I argue that assessing a learner’s L2 listening comprehension is an integral part of the learner’s L2 experience within the Target Language Use (TLU) and that it could improve course placement accuracy. Furthermore, I argue for a listening construct that includes ...


Creating A Binary-Free World: H.G. Wells And Disability Studies, Brenda Tyrrell Jan 2017

Creating A Binary-Free World: H.G. Wells And Disability Studies, Brenda Tyrrell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My thesis is positioned at the intersection of H.G. Wells and disability studies and discusses two aspects of Wells’s expansive literary career: Wells’s progressive approach to disability when compared to other authors of his time and how Wells can, and should, be considered an avatar for current disability studies scholarship. In order to accomplish these tasks, I first consider Wells in his own epoch and how he depicts his disabled characters in three different texts. To aid the understanding of the significance of Wells’s work, I discuss the deconstruction method of literary theory, as well as ...


Morality And Medicine: Opium And Addiction In Wilkie Collins’S Armadale And The Moonstone, Joshua John Prindle Jan 2017

Morality And Medicine: Opium And Addiction In Wilkie Collins’S Armadale And The Moonstone, Joshua John Prindle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Critics of Wilkie Collins asserted that he should have written about lighter, happier topics rather than focusing on such serious subjects. Entirely disregarding these opinions, Collins delved into the use of opium in his novels Armadale and The Moonstone. By portraying characters who suffer from both physical ailments and chemical dependency on opium (particularly in the form of laudanum drops), Collins explores the subject of drug addiction. Though primarily functioning as a pain reliever and sleep aid, opium has secondary effects that are revealed through its prominent use in Collins novels.

In Armadale, Collins introduces readers to the dynamic figure ...


Beyond Transhumanism: The Dangers Of Transhumanist Philosophies On Human And Nonhuman Beings, Benjamin Shane Evans Jan 2017

Beyond Transhumanism: The Dangers Of Transhumanist Philosophies On Human And Nonhuman Beings, Benjamin Shane Evans

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Each chapter that follows centers on literature showing the possible effects of Transhumanist philosophies if they are implemented. I focus on contemporary fiction that portrays Transhumanists — humans who believe in Transhumanism — as well as post-/transhumans characters. Limiting the scope of my thesis to contemporary literary works, I aim to explore the potential of new (specifically genetic) technologies, and consider the power of speculative fiction as it impinges both who we are and who or who we might become. In Chapter 1, I analyze the ambiguities of language in the Transhuman Declaration (2009), a manifesto written by a group of ...


Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman Jan 2017

Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and gain an in-depth understanding of the day-to-day lived engagement experiences of six adult ELL students enrolled in an advanced-manufacturing program at a midwestern community college. Specifically, this study collected the rich engagement stories andmeaning participants assignedto their stories and experiences. The essence of these experiences was solicited by asking two questions: (a) What are the perceived on-campus engagement experiences and social networks that support and promote success amongadult ELL students in advanced manufacturing and(b) Are there perceived engagement experience issues and barriers for adult ELL students? Two theories, Alexander ...


Peer Response In L1 Writing: Impact On Revisions And Student Perceptions, Altay Ozkul Jan 2017

Peer Response In L1 Writing: Impact On Revisions And Student Perceptions, Altay Ozkul

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Peer response is a strategy frequently used for improving the quality of students’ writing both in L1 and L2 writing context (Paulus, 1999; Baker, 2016). Studies has investigated how peer response impacts students’ writing influence of peer response on revisions in student writing in ESL context (e.g. Paulus, 1999; Min, 2006; Ting & Qian, 2010; Baker, 2016). However, most of the literature focuses on how peer-response influences student revisions in second-language learning context (Baker, 2016). This study addressed the gap in the literature by analyzing student revisions after peer-response in a writing classroom adopting multiple-draft approach in L1 writing context. The study ...


The Adaptability Of Women’S Captivity Narratives In American Literature, Ellen Campbell Rhodes Jan 2017

The Adaptability Of Women’S Captivity Narratives In American Literature, Ellen Campbell Rhodes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this analysis, I explore several women’s captivity texts to show how the captivity narrative genre has adapted to the cultural needs of its readers and authors as well as what the creation of a captivity narrative means to those involved. To examine the scope of the captivity narrative throughout time and across genres in American literature, I focus my analysis on a variety of captivity texts, written by both men and women, comprising of both fictional and true accounts of captivity: James E. Seaver’s 1824 Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, Sarah F. Wakefield’s ...


Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose Jan 2017

Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study investigates knowledge transfer in college students

whose high school Advanced Placement (AP) or dual credit (DC) English courses

enabled them to opt out of the first level of composition at Iowa State University

(ISU). Although early college credit (ECC) students’ university writing

performances have been studied, writing transfer has not been adequately

studied in this population before. The influence of these students’ lived

experiences require more consideration from scholars because of the growing

number of students who enter advanced university classes by virtue of credits

earned in high school.

Thirteen students from a variety of backgrounds, majors ...


L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami Jan 2017

L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Form-focused automated Corrective Feedback (CF) is widely used in general-purpose and specialized writing software and research indicates a positive effect for automated CF on second language (L2) learning (AbuSeileek, 2013; AbuSeileek & Abualsha’r, 2014). As any educational practice, preferences and perceptions of learners are expected to influence how automated CF is used by L2 learners (Amrhein & Nassaji, 2010; Brown, 2009; Schulz, 2001). However, preferences and perceptions of automated CF are poorly understood due to paucity of relevant research. This study contributes to this line of investigation by exploring three pertinent topics. First, it explores L2 learners’ preferences and perceptions of automated CF and four different CF strategies: identification, direct correction, metalinguistic CF, and graduated CF. Second, it examines learners’ preferences between different CF timings and frequency choices ...


A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos Jan 2017

A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study aimed, first and foremost, to address the current scarcity of assessments of productive and contextualized academic vocabulary in English, and thus contribute to the Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment field, by developing what seems to be the first IRT-based computer-adaptive test of productive and contextualized breadth of academic vocabulary in English (henceforth, CAT-PAV), which will be made freely available online to any researchers, ESL instructors, or other interested parties who believe the test can potentially be useful for their specific scenarios. A second aim of the present study was to validate the interpretation of scores from the ...


Creation And Evaluation Of Multimedia Materials To Promote Development Of Current And Prospective International Students’ Pragmatic Competence In Academic Settings, Ananda Astrini Muhammad Jan 2017

Creation And Evaluation Of Multimedia Materials To Promote Development Of Current And Prospective International Students’ Pragmatic Competence In Academic Settings, Ananda Astrini Muhammad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Literature on communicative language ability has identified pragmatic competence as a crucial aspect of second language (L2) communicative language ability. However, current literature has employed varied definitions of pragmatic competence, and little effort has been made to synthesize pragmatics studies in order to come up with a comprehensive list of components that comprise pragmatic competence. This effort was recently undertaken by Laughlin, Wain, and Schmidgall (2015), who conducted a systematic literature review of many different models, principles, and theories of pragmatics. The result was a construct of pragmatic competence which included five components, namely sociocultural knowledge, pragmatic-functional knowledge, grammatical knowledge ...


Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng Jan 2017

Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The language policies in Malaysia, having been controlled by the ethnic Malays ever since Independence Day in 1957, have hence dictated which language influences each major ethnic group is exposed to. With the official language as well as the language of instruction in public schools being Malay, ethnic Malays who speak it as a first language (L1) are typically monolingual speakers of Malay. The ethnic Chinese and Indians who usually speak Mandarin or Tamil as an L1 respectively are typically bilingual or trilingual. These different language influences might play a role in how speakers of each ethnic group produce Malaysian ...


Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham Jan 2017

Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For second language writing (SLW) instructors, decisions regarding technology-mediated feedback are particularly complex as they must also navigate student language proficiency, which may vary across different areas such as reading or listening. Yet technology-mediated feedback remains an underexplored realm in SLW especially with regard to how modes of technology affect feedback and how students interact with and understand it. With the expanding pervasiveness of video and increased access to screencasting (screen recording), SLW instructors have ever-growing access to video modes for feedback, yet little research to inform their choices. Further, with video potentially requiring substantial investment from institutions through hosting ...


The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell Nov 2016

The Non-Identical Anglophone Bildungsroman: From The Categorical To The De-Centering Literary Subject In The Black Atlantic, Jarad Heath Fennell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

My goal with this dissertation was to discover more about how the Bildungsroman genre in English or the coming-of-age story became a staple of post-colonial and ethnic minority writing. I grew up reading novels like these and feel a great deal of affection for them, and I wanted to understand how authors writing in these other traditions represented a broader response to colonialist Western culture. My method was to survey philosophical approaches to subjectivity and subject-formation, read a wide variety of texts I understood as engaging with the Bildung tradition, and examining how they represented subject-formation.

While I originally saw ...


Hospitable Climates: Representations Of The West Indies In Eighteenth-Century British Literature, Marisa Carmen Iglesias Nov 2016

Hospitable Climates: Representations Of The West Indies In Eighteenth-Century British Literature, Marisa Carmen Iglesias

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

British expansion to the West Indies in the eighteenth-century resulted in vast economic growth for the British Empire and a rise in literature set in the region. Examining the literature allows for an in-depth exploration of how the Caribbean has become associated as a place of relaxation and escape though its early history of colonialism is fraught with violence. My study builds on the understanding of the Caribbean region in the eighteenth-century and utilizes hospitality theory to articulate the role that cultural exchange and physical setting play in the texts and in the formation of national identity, both in the ...


Tracing The Material: Spaces And Objects In British And Irish Modernist Novels, Mary Allison Wise Jun 2016

Tracing The Material: Spaces And Objects In British And Irish Modernist Novels, Mary Allison Wise

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Tracing the Material considers how James Joyce’s Ulysses, Virginia Woolf’s The Years, and Samuel Beckett’s Murphy represent material spaces and objects as a way of engaging with the fraught histories of England and Ireland. I argue that these three writers use spaces and objects to think through and critique nineteenth and early twentieth-century conflicts and transitions, particularly in the areas of empire, nationalism, gender, and family. Writing in the 1920s and 1930s, in the decline of British ascendency, the rise of the Irish Free State, and between the World Wars, these writers seek to interpret their history ...


A Tourist Performance: Redefining The Tourist Attraction, Brandy Lee Kinkade Mar 2016

A Tourist Performance: Redefining The Tourist Attraction, Brandy Lee Kinkade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this paper is to examine the intersection of tourism and memoirs in the United States specifically how specific travel memoirs function as tourist attractions. This investigation employs performer-centered analysis as a method of inquiry in order to gain insight on tourist experience as well as concepts of travel, imagination and embodiment. The paper also employs MacCannell’s Semiotics of Attraction as a framework to illustrate the presence of the following categories: tourist, sight, and marker. The presence and the relationships established between these categories establish Into Thin Air and Almost Somewhere: Twenty-eight Days on the John Muir ...