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The Portrayal Of Women In The Oldest Russian Women’S Magazine “Rabotnitsa” From 1970-2017, Anastasiia Utiuzh Mar 2018

The Portrayal Of Women In The Oldest Russian Women’S Magazine “Rabotnitsa” From 1970-2017, Anastasiia Utiuzh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the portrayal of women images in Russia, particularly the transformation from Soviet woman to modern woman based on the analysis of one of the oldest Russian women’s magazine- “Rabotnitsa”. The sample for this study covers two periods: three decades of Russia during the era of the Soviet Union period (1970-1990) and two decades of the Post-Soviet period (1991-2017). A total of 586 relevant images were identified; 311 images by Rabotnitsa over the three decades during the Soviet Union’s period by random sampling of 20 issues published by Rabotnitsa between 1970- 1990, and 275 images ...


Analysis Of User Interfaces In The Sharing Economy, Taylor B. Johnson Mar 2018

Analysis Of User Interfaces In The Sharing Economy, Taylor B. Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis considers claims of discrimination and the interfaces that six platforms use as companies in the sharing economy.

In 2015, Benjamin Edelman, Michael Luca, and an Svirsky did an experiment with Airbnb to test the discrimination of names that sounded distinctly African American. Before and after their findings, there were members of the community who claimed that they had been discriminated against, some suing the company for not upholding their anti-discrimination policy. This leads to the question of how is one able to discriminate against someone whom they have never met and lives thousands of miles away? What information ...


Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins Jan 2018

Rapport: A System Designed To Limit Digital Distraction Within Romantic Relationships, Alexandria Collins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology continues to take a more prominent role within our relationships. Although the Internet allows for more connectivity, it also disconnects people from family and friends in face-to-face situations. As mobile digital technologies continue to advance, they create more and more opportunities for distraction and overuse. With an ever-growing market of smart devices with enhanced abilities, it's important that partners are aware of the implications of their use.

To develop a deeper understanding of how digital technology impacts romantic relationships, a digital survey and two data collection studies were administered. Vital information was collected to further develop an understanding ...


On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry Jan 2018

On The Use Of Fictionality For Persuasion And Pedagogy, Victor Robert Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fictionality is regularly used for rhetorical purposes but has been rarely studied, except as it has been used in traditional forms of fiction. This dissertation draws upon rhetorical theory and narrative theory to propose an original analytic framework for isolating and examining the dynamics activated by and peculiar to the employment of fictionality for rhetorical purposes, particularly persuasion and pedagogy. The use of fictionality in ethics thought experiments and business communication textbooks is examined in detail to illustrate this analytic framework.


Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning Jan 2018

Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a mixed-methods study that employs both quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the visuals used in the reporting of the Zika virus and to determine if the changes these images undergo as they are “accommodated” for different audiences constitute a genre shift. The qualitative analysis examines images from three tiers of publications: peer reviewed academic articles, government and specialized sources, and publications intended for the general public. Each image is coded by tier, type (e.g., table, graph, photograph), and rhetorical genre (forensic, deliberative, epideictic). A genre shift is observed between Tier Two and Tier Three with ...


Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He Jan 2018

Designing And Evaluating Personalized Lifestyle Blog Using Wordpress, Sijia He

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

“Blog” is a concentrate of “weblog” and was invented in the late 1990s to provide a chronological ordered calendar style method of discussion or informational websites published on the Internet. People are motivated by different reasons to start or run a blog, which means there are many different types of blogs. Some blogs focus on a particular subject such as a lifestyle blog, which is best defined as a digital content representation of its author's everyday life and interests.

Blogging in itself is quite popular, but it would not be what it is today without blog platforms such as ...


Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva Jan 2018

Antinuclear Movements In The U.S. And Kazakhstan: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of Mass Communication Patterns, Bakyt Toptayeva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Communication processes between citizens and institutions differ according to the culture, politics, and economies in different societies. However, under certain circumstances, communication patterns may share common elements across cultures, especially if a social issue has cross-national characteristics. This study aims to analyze cross-cultural variations in anti-nuclear protests that emerged in Kazakhstan in 1989 and were continuing in the U.S. that year. Based on the theory of political opportunity, this critical discourse analysis illustrates what sorts of approaches activists used to promote their resistance to nuclear testing. The nature of activists’ antinuclear arguments, their choice of communication tools, and local ...


Meme As A Rhetorical Concept For Digital Media Genres, Thomas Ballard Jan 2018

Meme As A Rhetorical Concept For Digital Media Genres, Thomas Ballard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Studies in digital media and rhetoric often focus on fast-moving and constantly changing phenomena, and memes are undoubtedly one of the most mercurial concepts to arise online in recent years. Memes are now a widely recognized online phenomenon, but their definition, particularly the genres they employ, is still a subject for debate. Although many scholars have offered insights into the meme phenomenon, few have articulated the intersections of medium, genre, concept, and symbolism that most memes embody.

Using concept-oriented, genre-based rhetorical discourse analysis, this dissertation analyzes 132 meme artifacts to better understand how meme genres interact with each other and ...


Revisiting Delivery In The Basic Course, Caleb B. Evers Jan 2018

Revisiting Delivery In The Basic Course, Caleb B. Evers

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

When comparing the ancient and modern pedagogies of speech and speech delivery, discrepancies begin to emerge. The significance of delivery in today’s speech pedagogy, for instance, is minimal, which is perhaps most evident in the foundational public speaking course (basic course) textbook. As my thesis demonstrates, speech composition receives far more consideration than speech performance, which marginalizes the canon of delivery as inferior to both rhetoric and speech communication. Supporting this notion is McClish (2016), who argues that while delivery remains germane to contemporary public speaking pedagogy, its treatment in the twenty-first-century basic course is widely understated. Moreover, McClish ...


Documenting An Imperfect Past: Examining Tampa's Racial Integration Through Community, Film, And Remembrance Of Central Avenue, Travis R. Bell Oct 2017

Documenting An Imperfect Past: Examining Tampa's Racial Integration Through Community, Film, And Remembrance Of Central Avenue, Travis R. Bell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the Civil Rights Movement in Tampa, Florida through documentary film to recognize an imperfect past and visually reconstruct Central Avenue as a physical and Thirdspace site of remembrance located at an intersection of race and community. Motivated by an ethnographic approach and through community engagement, Tampa Technique: Rise, Demise, and Remembrance of Central Avenue is a 54-minute film that explores Central Avenue’s rise to prominence through segregation, its physical and symbolic demise as a racialized site of communal space, and how it is remembered through collective and public memory in the location it once occupied. Documentary ...


Performing Narrative Medicine: Understanding Familial Chronic Illness Through Performance, Alyse Keller Jul 2017

Performing Narrative Medicine: Understanding Familial Chronic Illness Through Performance, Alyse Keller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study presents the process of creating a performance ethnography of my family’s narratives about familial chronic illness and disability. I label this process performing narrative medicine. By documenting and granularly analyzing the process of my performance ethnography, the following chapters provide a step-by-step discussion of how families communicate about chronic illness/disability through storytelling and humor, and how/what performance does as a method, metaphor and object of study to further our current communicative practices and understandings of chronic illness and disability in families. I argue that performing narrative medicine is a heuristic for families living with chronic ...


Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia And Quality-Of-Life: Ovarian And Uterine Cancer Patients And The Aesthetics Of Disease, Meredith L. Clements Jun 2017

Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia And Quality-Of-Life: Ovarian And Uterine Cancer Patients And The Aesthetics Of Disease, Meredith L. Clements

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study is an examination of ovarian and uterine cancer patients’ perceptions of chemotherapy-induced alopecia and how it impacts quality-of-life over the course of chemotherapy. The chapters in this dissertation address the following research questions: How do ovarian and uterine cancer patients communicate about their experiences of alopecia over the course of chemotherapy? How does chemotherapy-induced alopecia influence patients’ understandings of quality-of-life? Longitudinal interviews were conducted with a patient population of twenty-three, and each patient was interviewed at least twice over the course of chemotherapy. The data set was composed of fifty-five interviews, and a thematic analysis was performed across ...


Countering The Questionable Actions Of The Cpd And Fec, Brian C. Cole Jun 2017

Countering The Questionable Actions Of The Cpd And Fec, Brian C. Cole

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For his study, the author determines whether the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) and the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) are sovereign entities, or if they are pawns of the Democratic and Republican parties (Political Duopoly) aimed to prevent smaller candidates from participating in the CPD’s Presidential Debates.

The author’s rationale for his research is based on the fact that, despite a large majority of American voters want to hear other voices in the CPD debates, the CPD has not allowed other voices to participate in the debates since 1992, through use of the CPD’s fifteen-percent support requirement ...


Practical Theology In An Interpretive Community: An Ethnography Of Talk, Texts And Video In A Mediated Women's Bible Study, Nancie Hudson Apr 2017

Practical Theology In An Interpretive Community: An Ethnography Of Talk, Texts And Video In A Mediated Women's Bible Study, Nancie Hudson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study of social interaction in a small religious group used ethnography of communication as a research method to collect and analyze data from 20 months of fieldwork. As a long-term participant-observer in a women-only interdenominational Bible study, I investigated the group’s patterned ways of speaking, how print and electronic learning materials influenced the practical application of Scripture to daily life, and how the contemporary format for women’s Bible study alters the traditional Bible study experience. Patterned ways of speaking in this setting included group discussions and conversational narratives about religion, motherhood and lack of time. Using affirmations ...


Institutional Review Boards And Writing Studies Research: A Justice-Oriented Study, Johanna Phelps-Hillen Apr 2017

Institutional Review Boards And Writing Studies Research: A Justice-Oriented Study, Johanna Phelps-Hillen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this multi-method dissertation project I conduct policy analysis and utilize results from a discipline-wide survey (n=258) to examine the intersection of Writing Studies researchers’ disciplinary affiliation, research context, and personal disposition in relation to the local implementation of federal policy regarding human subjects research. I elaborate on the context of this project, discussing the September 2015 release of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to revise and update the Common Rule, 45.CFR Part 46, and the Conference on College Composition and Communication’s formal comment in response to the proposed rule’s provisions. I discuss the process ...


Science In The Sun: How Science Is Performed As A Spatial Practice, Natalie Kass Mar 2017

Science In The Sun: How Science Is Performed As A Spatial Practice, Natalie Kass

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes how spatial organization impacts science communication at the St. Petersburg Science Festival in Florida. Through map analysis, qualitative interviews, and a close reading of evaluation reports, the author determines that sponsorship, logistics, exhibitor ambience, and map usability and design are the factors most affecting the spatial performance of science. To mitigate their effects, technical communicators can identify these factors and provide the necessary revisions when considering how science is communicated to the public.


Discourse Strategies In Technical-Support Interactions, Vincent David Robles Jan 2017

Discourse Strategies In Technical-Support Interactions, Vincent David Robles

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study responds to the lack of research on the discourse of technical-support interactions. Researchers have explored successful practices for recruiting technical-support personnel, constructs for determining user satisfaction in survey instruments, and discourse moments of miscommunication and empathy. Even though organizations must maintain users by successfully training technical-support providers to interact with users, no empirical study exists that explores the discourse strategies these workers can employ in the process of defining and resolving technical problems during that interaction. In this study, I examine 20 helpdesk interactions between users and technical-support providers in an educational technology helpdesk at a four-year university ...


Attributing Rhetorical Agency: Corporate Social Media Interactions On Twitter, Katlynne Amy Davis Jan 2017

Attributing Rhetorical Agency: Corporate Social Media Interactions On Twitter, Katlynne Amy Davis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study uses concepts of rhetorical agency to analyze how corporations communicate effectively or ineffectively with their customers on social media. While literature from the fields of business, marketing, and public relations has addressed corporate social media more generally, there is a lack of information about how corporations should consider rhetorical concerns when structuring messages to their customers. Technical and professional communication studies have also explored the topic of social media, but have yet to closely analyze corporate social media responses to customer complaints. To conduct this study, I combined concerns from both business and technical and professional communication to ...


Identity Conveyance Through Multimedia: Kat Blaque’S Transformative Narrative Using Draw My Life, Mariah Kemp Jan 2017

Identity Conveyance Through Multimedia: Kat Blaque’S Transformative Narrative Using Draw My Life, Mariah Kemp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The shifting landscape of digital environments today situates rhetorical scholars within complex intersections. Converging concepts in narrative, genre, multimodal composition, and social media beckon scholars to examine the fluctuating power dynamics of the Internet. With this in mind, this thesis explores the rise of narratives in blogs, YouTube as a platform for new media, and the Draw My Life tag on YouTube. By comparing Draw My Life to previous definitions of blogs, this thesis argues that Draw My Life is its own genre and a tool for users to solidify their identities and experiences using multimedia. Using Kat Blaque’s ...


How To Engage European-American Participants In Racial Dialogue: The Role Of Dialogue Structure And Mixed Race Groups, Meredith Tittler Jan 2017

How To Engage European-American Participants In Racial Dialogue: The Role Of Dialogue Structure And Mixed Race Groups, Meredith Tittler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One effective strategy for combatting racism and promoting understanding across racial lines is group dialogue (e.g., Nagda, 2006). Previous research of racial dialogues has used a self-selecting participant pool of individuals who are motivated to participate in racial dialogues (e.g., Gurin, Nagda & Zuniga, 2013). Research up to this point has not investigated the portion of the population who do not willingly participate in racial dialogues. Previous research suggests that European-Americans may be a portion of the population especially avoidant of racial dialogues (e.g., Sue, 2013). Understanding the reasons European-Americans are avoidant of racial dialogues is an important prerequisite to creating interventions to increase participation. In the current study, I examined factors that affect European-American participants’ interest and willingness to participate in a racial dialogue. The specific factors are: facilitator structuring of the dialogue with ground rules (structured condition) vs. a facilitator who does no structuring beyond introducing the conversation topic (not-structured condition), as well as the effect of being in an inter-group dialogue (mixed race group) vs. an intra-group dialogue (all-European-American group). Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions of a racial dialogue vignette varying across the two variables (structured vs. not-structured; inter-group vs. intra-group).

The main findings from this study include a significant interaction between the racial make-up of the dialogue group and the structure of the group on participants’ willingness to share their honest thoughts. It was found that participants were more willing to share their thoughts in structured, mixed-race groups than structured all- European-American groups ...


Contextual Information, Answerability, And The Logical Construction Of Social How-To Questions, Matthew John Baker Jan 2017

Contextual Information, Answerability, And The Logical Construction Of Social How-To Questions, Matthew John Baker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For technical-knowledge workers seeking information about how to complete software tasks, online social question and answer (SQA) sites represent a valuable resource as an emerging form of software documentation. However, because answerers on these sites respond to questions on a volunteer basis, not all questions receive answers. Current research shows that askers provide contextual information in varying amounts, yet researchers have not yet reliably described contextual information types, disagree on whether more or less information associates with answerability, and have not yet compared the coherence of answered and unanswered questions. To assist technical-knowledge workers posting questions on SQA sites, this ...


Women In Public Relations: The Influence Of Gender On Women Leaders In Public Relations, Elizabeth Krugler Jan 2017

Women In Public Relations: The Influence Of Gender On Women Leaders In Public Relations, Elizabeth Krugler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to understand how gender has influenced the experiences of women in leadership positions in public relations. Data were collected through interviews with 10 women working in leadership positions in the public relations field and analyzed into themes. The findings revealed six major themes related to the experiences of these women leaders in public relations: (a) promotional barriers, (b) double standards for women, (c) pressure of stereotypes, (d) leadership styles, (e) female competition and bullying, and (f) optimism about the future. Findings revealed that these women think that gender has influenced the challenges and success ...


Contemporary Portrayals Of Blacks And Mixed-Blacks In Lead Roles: Confronting Historical Stereotypes Of African Americans On The Big Screen, Melissa Ann Garrett Jan 2017

Contemporary Portrayals Of Blacks And Mixed-Blacks In Lead Roles: Confronting Historical Stereotypes Of African Americans On The Big Screen, Melissa Ann Garrett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines portrayals of lead characters played by black and mixed-black men and women in four contemporary top-grossing box office films released from 2010-2015. The qualitative textual analysis assesses whether leads played by black or mixed-black people conform to or stray from Hollywood’s historical messages that have allowed for racial and gender inequalities on screen. By cross-analyzing characters in terms of genre and gender and forming an understanding of how each character functions in their respective narratives, my analysis identified four major themes. Lead characters played by black and mixed-black people are shown a) having broken or absent ...


A Liberal Arts Education In Film Production: Instructional Assessment Of Student Film Projects, Troy Daniel Mckay Jan 2017

A Liberal Arts Education In Film Production: Instructional Assessment Of Student Film Projects, Troy Daniel Mckay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the educational process of instructors teaching film and video production in higher education. Little research has been dedicated to this field of study. As technology advances and the cost of equipment recedes, educational programs in film and video production will experience growth, transformation, and population. Educational leadership and faculty responsible for these programs experience pressure to stay current with trends and technology while building and maintaining these types of programs; thus, the examination of these programs’ structures and practices are worthwhile endeavors. In addition, expanded markets for educated professionals in film and video production are being sought ...


Cloud Composition Technologies In Multimodal Composition Program Documents, Philippe Peter Meister Jan 2017

Cloud Composition Technologies In Multimodal Composition Program Documents, Philippe Peter Meister

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Writing programs at numerous universities—including the Georgia Institute of Technology, Iowa State University, Miami University of Ohio, Virginia Tech, and Purdue University—are incorporating more learning about multimodal communication into their curricula, including written, oral, visual, and electronic communication (WOVE). Within WOVE, electronic technologies enable students to produce, distribute, and consume written, visual, oral, and electronic communication (Ong 1982; Bush 1945; Eisenstein 1979, Lauer 2009, 2014). Integrating cloud technologies into writing programs may be difficult because it requires ongoing training, support, and maintenance, but it may be worthwhile because it helps produce a writing culture mediated by these technologies ...


Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin Jan 2017

Challenges African-American Graduate Students Face At Iowa State University, Darryl Austin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

African-American students continue to face high attrition rates in graduate education. The goal of this thesis project was to gauge perceptions of the challenges those students face in graduate school at Iowa State University, a major land-grant institution in the Midwest. Focus groups were conducted and revealed several important themes, as follows: communication, funding and resources, peer/faculty mentoring, connectivity vs isolation, contributions from fellow graduate students and drive and expectations of self. Two key concepts that emerged from the focus group discussions were self-efficacy and social capital. The participants recommended better communication with university executives, department faculty as well ...


An Instrument For Assessing The Public Communication Of Scientists, Rachel Collier Murdock Jan 2017

An Instrument For Assessing The Public Communication Of Scientists, Rachel Collier Murdock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An instrument for valid, quantitative assessment of scientists’ public communication promises to promote improved science communication by giving formative feedback to scientists developing their communication skills and providing a mechanism for summative assessment of communication training programs for scientists. A quantitative instrument also fits with the scientific ethos, increasing the likelihood that the assessment will gain individual and institutional adoption. Unfortunately, past assessment instruments have fallen short in providing a methodologically sound, theory-based assessment instrument to use in assessing public science communication. This dissertation uses the Evidence Centered Design (ECD) method for language testing to develop and test the APPS ...


Rhetorical Dilemmas In Funded Science Annual Reporting, Sara Beth Parks Jan 2017

Rhetorical Dilemmas In Funded Science Annual Reporting, Sara Beth Parks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scientists experience angst when faced with the task of writing the annual reports often required by their employers or funders. Although similar annual reports are widely studied in business contexts, communication and science studies disciplines have not considered annual reporting in science contexts. This is an oversight because annual reporting is one of the main ways that scientists communicate the progress of their research to stakeholders, including publics and policy-makers. Therefore, annual reporting is one way that science is guided and constrained by societal and cultural expectations. Further, existing scholarship has not considered the scientists’ frustration in reporting, which is ...


Instattack: Instagram And Visual Ad Hominem Political Arguments, Sophia Evangeline Gourgiotis Nov 2016

Instattack: Instagram And Visual Ad Hominem Political Arguments, Sophia Evangeline Gourgiotis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this project is to examine the visual political ad hominem arguments used on Instagram during the 2016 presidential campaign. Using Walton’s (2007) five subtypes of ad hominem arguments, this study analyzes the “attack ads” posted on Instagram from five of the 2016 presidential candidates into each subtype. This project seeks to understand how ad hominem arguments within political rhetoric function when they are visual. This study uses Kress and van Leeuwen’s (2006) theory of modality and Rose’s (2012) compositional interpretation to analyze compositional structure of the image and parallels this analysis with ad hominem ...


Designing The Haptic Interface For Morse Code, Michael Walker Oct 2016

Designing The Haptic Interface For Morse Code, Michael Walker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two siblings have a muscular degenerative condition that has rendered them mostly blind, deaf and paraplegic. Currently, the siblings receive communication by close range sign language several feet in front of their vision. Due to the degenerative nature of their condition, it is believed that the siblings will eventually become completely blind and unable to communicate in this fashion. There are no augmented communication devices on the market that allow communication reception for individuals who cannot see, hear or possess hand dexterity (such as braille reading). To help the siblings communicate, the proposed communication device will transmit Morse code information ...