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Social Networking Sites And Learning In International Relations: The Impact Of Platforms, Josh Pallas, Joakim Eidenfalk, Susan N. Engel Jan 2019

Social Networking Sites And Learning In International Relations: The Impact Of Platforms, Josh Pallas, Joakim Eidenfalk, Susan N. Engel

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This article reports on a pilot undergraduate subject that incorporated a range of technology-enhanced learning approaches including online lectures, an online site for in and out of class communications, and strong encouragement for students to blog and use Twitter. This paper evaluates student engagement through the social networking sites (SNS), focusing on the online communication and content platform. We examine whether changing from an educationally oriented SNS platform to Facebook impacted on student engagement and feedback. To achieve this, both empirical data and qualitative student feedback were used.


Researching New Diseases: Assumptions And Trajectories, Josephine V. Warren, Brian Martin Jan 2018

Researching New Diseases: Assumptions And Trajectories, Josephine V. Warren, Brian Martin

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

New diseases in humans and animals have been the subject of considerable research as well as policy development and popular attention. Researchers commonly proceed on the basis of plausible assumptions about mechanisms, pathways, and dangers but seldom question the assumptions themselves. Studies in the history and sociology of science show that research trajectories are conditioned by social, political, and economic arrangements. The assumptions underlying research into three new diseases-devil facial tumor disease in Tasmanian devils, AIDS in humans, and leukemia in soft-shell clams-are examined, and dominant and alternative research programs compared. In each case, most research has assumed the disease ...


Utopia Or Dystopia: A Contested Space On Sydney's Urban Frontier, Ian Willis Jan 2018

Utopia Or Dystopia: A Contested Space On Sydney's Urban Frontier, Ian Willis

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Australia is a settler society where the rural-urban fringe of the major cities and regional centres is a contestable stage. There are a range of actors who compete in place making processes re-shaping the cultural landscape when there is collision over the ownership of space and the dominant narrative. This paper examines the proposition that Sydney's urban growth has created a zone of conflict on the city's metropolitan frontier between cultural heritage and the interests of development. In recent years Sydney's rural-urban fringe has encroached on the village boundaries of Menangle where there has been a collision ...


Context And Vowel Harmony: Are They Essential To Identify Underlying Word-Final /S/ In Eastern Andalusian Spanish?, Alfredo Herrero De Haro Jan 2018

Context And Vowel Harmony: Are They Essential To Identify Underlying Word-Final /S/ In Eastern Andalusian Spanish?, Alfredo Herrero De Haro

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Eastern Andalusian Spanish has been studied in detail; however, scholars have focused on production and the debate regarding its phonetic and phonological features is still ongoing. This paper analyses Eastern Andalusian Spanish perceptually to establish whether contextual information (articles, numerals, etc.) and vowel harmony are essential to identify underlying word-final /s/. The correct identification of underlying /s/ has been attributed to contextual information and to vowel harmony; however, no perceptual study has been performed to support these claims. A total of 7126 answers from 153 participants across two experiments are analysed to establish whether context and vowel harmony are necessary ...


Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Political parties wishing to win majority support in the pursuit of gaining control of government cannot afford to be tied too closely to a rigid ideology or set of views. They must accommodate a range of viewpoints and approaches to matters of public policy, even as they decide which policy to pursue.


Keating & His Caucus, Anthony Ashbolt Jan 2018

Keating & His Caucus, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Anthony Ashbolt is a lecturer in politics at the University of Wollongong. This is the text of his speech at the City Diggers Club, Wollongong, on the occasion of the launching of Keating and his Party Room by Jim Snow, published by Australian Scholarly Publishing in 2017.


South China Sea Arbitration And Its Application To Dokdo, Seokwoo Lee, Leonardo Leonardo Jan 2018

South China Sea Arbitration And Its Application To Dokdo, Seokwoo Lee, Leonardo Leonardo

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

On 12 July 2016, the Arbitral Tribunal formed under Annex VII of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea issued its decision on the proceeding brought by the Philippines against China relating to certain activities in the South China Sea. The Tribunal's decision was hotly anticipated as it dealt with various important issues relating to law of the sea and the interpretation of the Convention. It dealt with issues including the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, the legal status of maritime features, historic rights, and duty to preserve the marine environment. Although it remains to be ...


Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista Jan 2018

Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Within the current state of international jurisprudence, there is a growing recognition of the importance of ocean environmental protection. One of the most significant recent examples is the decision in the South China Sea Arbitration, which recognized the obligation of States to protect and preserve the marine environment in disputed territorial or maritime areas. Despite this overall trend, however, serious gaps in State practice remain. In particular, current research on State practice of national and regional marine pollution contingency planning in the Asia-Pacific reveals that there has been little regard displayed in the region for accommodating a proactive approach to ...


Under Mccormack, The Nationals Need To Accept They Are A Minority And Preserve Their Independence, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Under Mccormack, The Nationals Need To Accept They Are A Minority And Preserve Their Independence, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The demise of Barnaby Joyce as leader of the National Party is an event of considerable importance in the long-term trajectory of Australian politics.


Grey Networks: The Contradictory Dimensions Of Australia's Immigration Detention System, David A. Neil, Michelle A. Peterie Jan 2018

Grey Networks: The Contradictory Dimensions Of Australia's Immigration Detention System, David A. Neil, Michelle A. Peterie

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The notion of dark networks has recently received attention in the literature on policy network analysis. Dark networks are defined as illegal and covert, in contrast to bright networks which are legal and overt. In this article, we suggest a third category - grey networks - which are characterised by their use of secrecy and concealment despite their ostensibly legal status. These networks are subject to contradictory imperatives. They employ methods that cannot be openly acknowledged within the larger legal and social framework in which they function. In this article, we illustrate this concept through an interview-based study of Australia's immigration ...


Revealed: The Extent Of Job-Swapping Between Public Servants And Fossil Fuel Lobbyists, Adam Robert Lucas Jan 2018

Revealed: The Extent Of Job-Swapping Between Public Servants And Fossil Fuel Lobbyists, Adam Robert Lucas

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Last month Australia slipped further down the rankings in the international corruption index. Among a wide range of factors cited by Transparency International was Australia's "inappropriate industry lobbying in large-scale projects such as mining", as well as "revolving doors and a culture of mateship".


An Activist For All Seasons, Rowan Cahill Jan 2018

An Activist For All Seasons, Rowan Cahill

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

During his lifetime Robert Daniel "Bob" Walshe (1923-2018) was many things, variously factory labourer, soldier, communist, organiser, activist, pamphleteer, teacher, editor, publisher, historian, educationist, environmentalist. He was the author/co-author/editor of some forty books.


Constraints Preventing Chinese Efl Teachers From Putting Their Stated Beliefs Into Teaching Practice, Lei-Min Shi, Janine Delahunty, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2018

Constraints Preventing Chinese Efl Teachers From Putting Their Stated Beliefs Into Teaching Practice, Lei-Min Shi, Janine Delahunty, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In China, developing students' overall communicative competence was set as the central goal of the current college English curriculum requirements since 2004. However, this goal has remained largely unfulfilled, particularly with regard to writing competence. This study proposes that the genrebased pedagogy in systemic functional linguistics may be the key to achieve this national curriculum goal. After teachers were trained in this pedagogy, through designed workshops for teacher development, this research examined possible changes in teachers' stated beliefs about effective writing pedagogy and actual teaching practices. The findings from classroom observations and teachers' self-reports suggest that even though all teacher ...


The Nexus Clause: A Peculiarly Australian Obstacle, Zachary Gorman, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

The Nexus Clause: A Peculiarly Australian Obstacle, Zachary Gorman, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The nexus between the House of Representatives and the Senate as set out in Section 24 of the Australian Constitution states that the Senate be half the size of the House of Representatives. It was a constitutional provision without precedent, the only such clause in the Australian Constitution. Little work has been done on the nexus. This paper examines how it came into existence during the Constitutional Conventions largely as the consequence of two desires. One was to protect the power of the Senate and the place of the smaller states. The other was to prevent the overexpansion of the ...


Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner Jan 2018

Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The oceans and their biodiversity are coming under increasing threat from climate-change impacts including increasing water temperatures, deoxygenation, and ocean acidification. The adverse effects of climate change are exacerbating the stresses experienced by species, habitats, and ecosystems in all marine areas and diminishing the ecological services they provide. Identifying the nature and extent of climate-change impacts on marine biodiversity through environmental impact assessment and associated mitigation measures is a critical step towards lessening adverse impacts and stemming biodiversity loss. While legal and institutional frameworks for environmental impact assessment are well established for marine areas under national jurisdiction, collaborative structures and ...


Dynamical Relations In The Self-Pattern, Shaun Gallagher, Anya Daly Jan 2018

Dynamical Relations In The Self-Pattern, Shaun Gallagher, Anya Daly

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The notion of a self-pattern, as developed in the pattern theory of self (Gallagher, 2013), which holds that the self is best explained in terms of the kind of reality that pertains to a dynamical pattern, acknowledges the importance of neural dynamics, but also expands the account of self to extra-neural (embodied and enactive) dynamics. The pattern theory of self, however, has been criticized for failing to explicate the dynamical relations among elements of the self-pattern (e.g., Kyselo, 2014; Beni, 2016; de Haan et al., 2017); as such, it seems to be nothing more than a mere list of ...


The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2018

The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Input and interaction have received great attention in second language research due to their dominant role in second language teaching and learning. However, empirical studies that have examined their effects on the acquisition of Chinese as a second language remain scarce. This study fills this gap by comparing the effects of teacher-student interaction and student-student interaction on vocabulary acquisition in Chinese as a second language. Thirty-six adult beginners of Chinese completed ten weeks' study in Australia, in addition to pre- and post- tests and a background questionnaire. Selected participants attended a focus group interview. Statistical analyses show that both types ...


Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2018

Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In January 1941, the Japanese female population in New Caledonia included the Japan-born as well as former French citizens and subjects, Dutch subjects (primarily Javanese) and local Indigenous Kanak women who were married to Japanese men. Before the enactment of a new French Nationality Law in August 1927, French women who married non-French citizens became citizens of their husband's country and therefore French women who married Japanese men became Japanese. After the change in the law, French women who married Japanese retained their French citizenship. Kanak and Dutch women who married Japanese men also became Japanese. The number of ...


Australian Literature’S Legacies Of Cultural Appropriation, Michael R. Griffiths Jan 2018

Australian Literature’S Legacies Of Cultural Appropriation, Michael R. Griffiths

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Non-Indigenous Australian writers face a dilemma. On the one hand, they can risk writing about Aboriginal people and culture and getting it wrong. On the other, they can avoid writing about Aboriginal culture and characters, but by doing so, erase Aboriginality from the story they tell.


Black-Boxing The Black Flag: Anonymous Sharing Platforms And Isis Content Distribution, Teodor E. Mitew, Ahmad Shehabat Jan 2018

Black-Boxing The Black Flag: Anonymous Sharing Platforms And Isis Content Distribution, Teodor E. Mitew, Ahmad Shehabat

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The study examines three anonymous sharing portals employed strategically by the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS) to achieve its political ends. This study argues that anonymous sharing portals such as Sendvid.com, Justpast.it, and Dump.to have been instrumental in allowing individual jihadists to generate content, disseminate propaganda and communicate freely while routing around filtering practiced by popular social media networks. The study draws on Actor Network Theory (ANT) in examining the relationship between ISIS jihadists and the emergence of anonymous sharing portals. The study suggests that, even though used prior to the massive degrading operation across ...


Potter V. Minahan: Chinese Australians, The Law And Belonging In White Australia, Kate Bagnall Jan 2018

Potter V. Minahan: Chinese Australians, The Law And Belonging In White Australia, Kate Bagnall

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This article tells the story of James Minahan, the Melbourne-born son of a Chinese father and a white Australian mother who was arrested as a prohibited immigrant under the Immigration Restriction Act in 1908. Minahan had been taken to China by his father as a five-year-old boy in 1882 and failed the Dictation Test on his return to Australia 26 years later. After Minahan defeated the charge in the lower courts, the Commonwealth appealed to the High Court - an appeal they lost on the grounds that, despite his years overseas, Minahan had remained a member of the Australian community. Although ...


The Markov Blankets Of Life: Autonomy, Active Inference And The Free Energy Principle, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Thomas Parr, Ensor Palacios, Karl Friston, Julian Kiverstein Jan 2018

The Markov Blankets Of Life: Autonomy, Active Inference And The Free Energy Principle, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Thomas Parr, Ensor Palacios, Karl Friston, Julian Kiverstein

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This work addresses the autonomous organization of biological systems. It does so by considering the boundaries of biological systems, from individual cells to Home sapiens, in terms of the presence of Markov blankets under the active inference scheme-a corollary of the free energy principle. A Markov blanket defines the boundaries of a system in a statistical sense. Here we consider how a collective of Markov blankets can self-assemble into a global system that itself has a Markov blanket; thereby providing an illustration of how autonomous systems can be understood as having layers of nested and self-sustaining boundaries. This allows us ...


Promoting Learning: What Universities Don't Do, Brian Martin Jan 2018

Promoting Learning: What Universities Don't Do, Brian Martin

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Universities seek to promote student learning, but assessment and credentials can undermine students' intrinsic motivation to learn. Findings from research on how people learn, mindsets, expert performance and good health are seldom incorporated into the way universities organise learning experiences.


Can The Basel And Stockholm Conventions Provide A Global Framework To Reduce The Impact Of Marine Plastic Litter?, Karen Raubenheimer, Alistair Mcilgorm Jan 2018

Can The Basel And Stockholm Conventions Provide A Global Framework To Reduce The Impact Of Marine Plastic Litter?, Karen Raubenheimer, Alistair Mcilgorm

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The issues resulting from plastic waste in the marine environment have highlighted a general failure to control this pollutant on both land and at sea. The international community is now realising that the increasing growth in the amount of plastic pollution in the ocean is reaching a critical point. This has led to a questioning of the current international governance arrangements for marine litter. The environmental and socio-economic impacts of marine litter are a symptom of policy failures and greater action is required "upstream" by industry on land to reduce these impacts. The Stockholm and Basel Conventions are international binding ...


Coastal Climate Change And Transferable Development Rights, John Sheehan, Andrew H. Kelly, Ken Rayner, Jasper Brown Jan 2018

Coastal Climate Change And Transferable Development Rights, John Sheehan, Andrew H. Kelly, Ken Rayner, Jasper Brown

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Coastal Australia is particularly vulnerable to increasingly frequent violent storm events coupled with anticipated rise in sea level. Consequent risks starkly underscore crucial coastal land policies and statutory planning documents. However, current questioning in the State of New South Wales (NSW) of such public instruments has uncovered a critical link between flood risk mapping and land-use planning, property values and, in particular, inundation propensity of various coastal lands. A range of coastal properties will no longer be capable of meaningful utilisation, coalescing in an impending collision between settled Australian property law and property rights. The use of transferable development rights ...


The University Tea Room: Informal Public Spaces As Ideas Incubators, Claire Wright, Simon Ville Jan 2018

The University Tea Room: Informal Public Spaces As Ideas Incubators, Claire Wright, Simon Ville

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Informal spaces encourage the meeting of minds and the sharing of ideas. They serve as an important counterpoint to the formal, silo-like structures of the modern organisation, encouraging social bonds and discussion across departmental lines. We address the role of one such institution – the university tea room – in Australia in the post-WWII decades. Drawing on a series of oral history interviews with economic historians, we examine the nature of the tea room space, demonstrate its effects on research within universities, and analyse the causes and implications of its decline in recent decades.


Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford Jan 2018

Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

New Caledonia has an unusual language dynamic in comparison to other French overseas territories. In most of these islands, a French Creole is usually the lingua franca and has a lower status than French. In contrast, in New Caledonia the French Creole, called Tayo, is a minority language and comes in contact with French, English and 28 Indigenous languages (also called Kanak languages). The 2014 census population revealed a multi-ethnic and multicultural NewCaledonian population. It did not, however, record the rate of multilingualism in speakers. Results from a recent sociolinguistic study on patterns of language use and language attitudes revealed ...


Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen Jan 2018

Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Questions of law, identity and nation operate at a high level of abstraction. They are often bound up with the origin myths of a people, as well as an ideological array that legitimizes state law, and justifies obedience to it. To study these questions in any detail requires a descent from those heights to matters that can be observed, or sensed in other ways. We need a subject that we can sink our teeth into. Food, its preparation and regulation, offers a rich field in which to explore these issues. As well as being highly symbolic, of identity and associations ...


Advanced Cancer Patients' Construction Of Self During Oncology Consultations: A Transitivity Concordance Analysis, Neda Karimi, Annabelle Lukin, Alison Rotha Moore, Adam Walczak, Phyllis N. Butow Jan 2018

Advanced Cancer Patients' Construction Of Self During Oncology Consultations: A Transitivity Concordance Analysis, Neda Karimi, Annabelle Lukin, Alison Rotha Moore, Adam Walczak, Phyllis N. Butow

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This paper explores advanced cancer patients' self-identification from a grammatical-concordance perspective. It combines corpus linguistics tool of concordance and transitivity analysis to investigate the grammatical choices that advanced cancer patients make to identify and construct themselves during an oncology consultation. The data comprises 69 oncology consultations between advanced cancer patients (and in some consultations a companion or companions) and their oncologist. Findings reveal that these advanced cancer patients identified themselves with an active and informed role in terms of self-care, decision-making and other administrative activities; they identified their everyday life as an indispensable part of the domain of medicine; and ...


The Meaning Of ''Intoxication'' In Australian Criminal Cases: Origins And Operation, Julia Quilter, Luke J. Mcnamara Jan 2018

The Meaning Of ''Intoxication'' In Australian Criminal Cases: Origins And Operation, Julia Quilter, Luke J. Mcnamara

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Although alcohol and drug use features prominently in many areas of criminal offending, there has been limited investigation of how the effects of alcohol and other drugs are treated by criminal laws and the criminal justice system. This article examines the framing of judicial inquiries about ''intoxication'' in criminal cases in Australia. It illustrates the diverse types of evidence that may (or may not) be available to judges and juries when faced with the task of determining whether a person was relevantly ''intoxicated.'' It shows that in the absence of legislative guidance on how the task should be approached, courts ...