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"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett Jan 2019

"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation discusses themes of racial identity, meaning of space, and class through an exploration of the intersection of gentrification and public education in Washington, D.C. Through analysis of middle-class responses to gentrification I argue, 1) that the public education system is a site of gentrification, as it has become a site of capitalistic development and Black displacement; 2) that the American concept of race, including race relations, is not an aberration of typical American society, but a defining cultural feature; and 3) the best way to understand race and class in America is to use theory constructed from ...


Taking It To The Streets: Race, Space, And Early D.C. Punk, Ashleigh Mae Williams Oct 2018

Taking It To The Streets: Race, Space, And Early D.C. Punk, Ashleigh Mae Williams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This work examines race and class in early Washington, D.C. punk from the late 1970s to the early 1980s. It is my contention that written punk memoirs rarely give a contextual look at each movement. From rose-colored memoirs, many inside or outside the punk community view the movements as genuine rebellions against mainstream American music and values. It is my view that subversive movements do not emerge completely free from institutional oppression. The same is true with punk. to examine punk's beginnings, I analyze punk movements in the United Kingdom and Los Angeles before turning to a detailed ...


Of Mammies, Minstrels, And Machines: Movement-Image Automaticity And The Impossible Conditions Of Black Humanity, Joseph Frank Lawless Oct 2018

Of Mammies, Minstrels, And Machines: Movement-Image Automaticity And The Impossible Conditions Of Black Humanity, Joseph Frank Lawless

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This thesis argues that the GIF, as an underexplored analytical vertex within the broader matrix of media ecologies, should be understood as a generative nodal point in the American system of racialized violence. Thought in relation to its medium specificity, the GIF's materiality, particularly its capacity for infinite looping, is critically interrogated for its potential to amplify the circuitry of dominating racialization that felicitously condition the GIF's circulation. I open my argument with focus on a subset of the GIF genre known as the reaction GIF, which, in its frequently racialized form, is situated within the interconnected genealogies ...


Zone-Decorated Pots At The Hatch Site (44pg51): A Late Woodland Manifestation Of An Ancient Tradition, Douglas Makin Oct 2018

Zone-Decorated Pots At The Hatch Site (44pg51): A Late Woodland Manifestation Of An Ancient Tradition, Douglas Makin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Excavated in the 1970s and 80s by Lefty Gregory, the Hatch site is arguably among the most significant precolonial archaeology sites in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Though the collection sat in storage for decades, it recently became accessible to researchers. The thorough excavation combined with abundant radiocarbon data allow the historical narrative of this magnificent site to come into focus. an unusual place, hidden in a remote location, the Hatch site witnessed at least 600 years of regularly occurring ritualized gatherings. These gatherings involved the sacrifice and internment of dogs as well as elaborate feasts on both estuarine and terrestrial ...


Ancestral Landscapes: A Study Of Historical Black Cemeteries And Contemporary Practices Of Commemoration Among African Americans In Duval County, Jacksonville, Fl., Brittany Brown Oct 2018

Ancestral Landscapes: A Study Of Historical Black Cemeteries And Contemporary Practices Of Commemoration Among African Americans In Duval County, Jacksonville, Fl., Brittany Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The end of slavery in North America presented an opportunity for African Americans in Jacksonville, Florida to reinvent themselves. The reconstruction era brought about new social, political, and economic opportunities for African Americans living in Jacksonville. Despite the failure of Reconstruction and the implementation of Jim Crow, Jacksonville gave birth to a vibrant African American aristocracy. Jacksonville's Black elite comprised of doctors, lawyers, morticians, religious leaders, business people and other professionals. Jacksonville's Black elite thrived in the early half of the twentieth century, many of them used their knowledge and skills to contribute to the social and economic ...


"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton Jul 2018

"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"By the Dear, Immortal Memory of Washington" Americans have long used the Founding Fathers as symbols of patriotism, invoking their names and using their images whenever they wish to demonstrate that a particular way of thinking or acting is true to American ideals. The vague patriotic image of the founders tends to eclipse their actual character, allowing diverse and competing movements to all use them. This has been especially true of George Washington, who long enjoyed a preeminent and almost mythic status among the founders. During the 1860s, both secessionists and unionists claimed him as their own in order to ...


The Lonely Ones: Selfhood And Society In Harry Stack Sullivan's Psychiatric Thought, Taylor S. Stephens Jul 2018

The Lonely Ones: Selfhood And Society In Harry Stack Sullivan's Psychiatric Thought, Taylor S. Stephens

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This thesis examines the contributions of psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan (1892-1949) to an ongoing conversation on the self and society in the United States, from classical liberal political theory to the mid-twentieth century social sciences. Existing literature overlooks the 1940s as a divided period in American intellectual history. This project argues that an accurate presentation of the era demands the inclusion of thinkers who were excluded from mainstream institutions as a consequence of their training in 'professional' academic disciplines or social marginalization along the lines of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexuality. Careful examination of Sullivan's lectures, scholarly articles ...


First -Generation Hindu Indian-American Undergraduates’ Grief After Death Of Grandparent(S) In India, Ramya Avadhanam May 2018

First -Generation Hindu Indian-American Undergraduates’ Grief After Death Of Grandparent(S) In India, Ramya Avadhanam

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The proposed study aims to capture the unique experiences surrounding grief of first-generation Indian-American undergraduate students. Tummala-Narra (2013) defines immigrants as having been raised in the country of origin and migrating to the United States in late adolescence or adulthood and first-generation as those born in the United States or arrived to the United States as young children. Research has shown that bereavement can have profound emotional health consequences for those surviving a loss (W. Stroebe & Stroebe, 1987). Additional components such as loss of expectations, traditions, and culture (Price, 2011) may contribute to mental health challenges for the South Asian ...


“God Sends Meat And The Devil Sends Cooks”: Meat Usage And Cuisine In Eighteenth-Century English Colonial America, Dessa Elizabeth Lightfoot Apr 2018

“God Sends Meat And The Devil Sends Cooks”: Meat Usage And Cuisine In Eighteenth-Century English Colonial America, Dessa Elizabeth Lightfoot

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

American cuisines did not develop in isolation, but instead were influenced by a constant flow of information, individuals, and material culture between the colonies and the rest of the Atlantic world. These, in turn, interacted with the specific agricultural, social, and economic conditions and goals of residents in each colony. Food was a powerful symbol of identity in the English world in the eighteenth century, and printed English cookery books were widely available. What colonists ate, however, also reflected what was locally available, and resources could vary significantly between colonies. Meat usage is one aspect of cuisine that is directly ...


Vengeance With Mercy: Changing Traditions And Traditional Practices Of Colonial Yamasees, Patrick Johnson Apr 2018

Vengeance With Mercy: Changing Traditions And Traditional Practices Of Colonial Yamasees, Patrick Johnson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation argues that colonial Yamasee communities moved hundreds of miles throughout the present-day Southeastern United States, often to gain influence, and maintained traditions such as names they more closely associated with their ethnicity and authority than ceramics. Self-identification by Yamasees in censuses, speeches, and letters for a century and archaeological evidence from multiple towns allows me to analyze multiple expressions of their identity. their rich rhetoric demonstrates the mechanics of authority—they dictated terms to Europeans and other Native Americans by balancing between, in their words, vengeance and mercy. I focus on a letter and tattoo from a warrior ...


Making A Home Out Of No Home: ‘Colored’ Orphan Asylums In Virginia, 1867–1930, August Butler Jan 2018

Making A Home Out Of No Home: ‘Colored’ Orphan Asylums In Virginia, 1867–1930, August Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No research has been done on institutions created for African American orphans in the South after the Civil War, leaving a significant gap in the literature surrounding not only the nature and operation of these institutions but also how they reflected the various conceptions of the New South that competed for acceptance during Reconstruction and beyond. How individuals and organizations, particularly religious organizations, imagined the “problem” of the black orphan and the nature of a society that failed to deal with it affected the “solutions” they devised in the form of orphan asylums. Four case studies of orphanages in Virginia ...


An Order To Society/A Place Where "You Can Live Freedom", James Franklin Lowe Jan 2018

An Order To Society/A Place Where "You Can Live Freedom", James Franklin Lowe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"An Order to Society: Soeur Ste. Reine and the New Orleans Ursulines as Agents of Empire, 1727-1779" addresses the Ursuline Sisters of New Orleans as participants in an international, multiethnic system. All of these men and women helped to create a society and morality for colonial Louisiana and its capital city. Catherine Mauricette de Kerogon de l'Etang, Soeur Ste. Reine provides insight into the secular, temporal implications of her Sisters' ministry in New Orleans. After her return to a convent in Normandy, Kerogon wrote a series of letters to the French Court, asking for monetary compensation and defining herself ...


Literary Continuities/Imperative Education, Jane Snyder Jan 2018

Literary Continuities/Imperative Education, Jane Snyder

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Literary Continuities: British Books and the Britishness of Their Early American Readers People get their worldview from what they read. in a reading-saturated society such as 18th-century America, the most popular books determined the public consciousness. as such, the origin of these books must be carefully examined. Herein lies the question of whose books and ideas were popularized. According to quantitative analysis of primary evidence gathered from private and public library collections as well as booksellers' advertisements and inventories, the majority of books read in 18th-century America could be considered British more than American. Before, during, and after the American ...


“Terrible In Its Beauty, Terrible In Its Indifference”: Postcolonial Ecocriticism And Sally Mann’S Southern Landscapes, Laura Keller Jan 2018

“Terrible In Its Beauty, Terrible In Its Indifference”: Postcolonial Ecocriticism And Sally Mann’S Southern Landscapes, Laura Keller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Sally Mann (1951- ) has spent forty years photographing scenes in the American South, including domestic scenes, landscapes, and portraits. Although scholars generally interpret her work as a reflection of the region’s history of violence and oppression, my research will consider her work through the lens of postcolonial ecocriticism. In her art and writing, Mann portrays the land as an indifferent witness to history, a force intertwined with humanity, lending matter for human lives and reclaiming it after death. However, she also describes the way the environment interferes with her the antiquated technology she uses, creating dramatic flaws that imbue ...


Black Capes, White Spies: An Exploration Of Visual Black Identity, Evolving Heroism And 'Passing' In Marvel's Black Panther Comics And Mat Johnson's Graphic Novel, Incogengro, Ravynn K. Stringfield Nov 2017

Black Capes, White Spies: An Exploration Of Visual Black Identity, Evolving Heroism And 'Passing' In Marvel's Black Panther Comics And Mat Johnson's Graphic Novel, Incogengro, Ravynn K. Stringfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This thesis is a portfolio which contains two essays. The first essay, “Reclaiming Wakanda,” is a character biography of the Black Panther comic character from his inception in 1966 until 2016. The work historicizes and politicizes a character written as apolotical by his creators while also placing him firmly within a legacy of Black Power, Civil Rights and other Black freedom movements of the second half of the 20th century. The second essay, “Incogengro: The Creation and Destruction of Black Identity in the ‘Safety’ of Harlem” considers how images and representations race and racial violence are constructed in graphic novel ...


The Octagon House And Mount Airy: Exploring The Intersection Of Slavery, Social Values, And Architecture In 19th-Century Washington, Dc And Virginia, Julianna Geralynn Jackson Jun 2017

The Octagon House And Mount Airy: Exploring The Intersection Of Slavery, Social Values, And Architecture In 19th-Century Washington, Dc And Virginia, Julianna Geralynn Jackson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This project uses archaeology, architecture, and the documentary record to explore the ways in which one family, the Tayloes, used Georgian design principals as a way of exerting control over the 19th-century landscape. This project uses two Tayloe homes as the units of study and investigates architectural choices at the Octagon House in Washington, DC, juxtaposed with its Richmond County, Virginia counterpart, Mount Airy, to examine architectural features and contexts of slavery on the landscape. Archaeological site reports, building plans, city maps, and various historic documents are used to identify contexts of slavery and explore the relationship between slavery, social ...


’Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’S Petitions/ Catiline And Caesar In Early American Insults And The Whiskey Rebellion, Connor Fenton Jun 2017

’Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’S Petitions/ Catiline And Caesar In Early American Insults And The Whiskey Rebellion, Connor Fenton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The ‘Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’s Petitions, 1795-1800 In 1795 the Jamaican Maroons from Trelawney Town revolted against the British. The rebellion was short lived but sent shockwaves across the Island that saw the British Governor, Lord Balcarres, gather the Assembly of Jamaica and order the removal of the rebellious Maroons. The Jamaican Maroons responded to Barclarres, not with renewed violence, but with British legal strategies by employing petitions in order to try and salvage their stay on the Island. Sic Semper Tyrannis: Catiline and Caesar in Early American Insults, Allusions, and The Whiskey Rebellion, 1789-1804 The use of classical ...


Creating The Border: Defining, Enforcing And Reasserting Physical And Ethnic Borderzone Spaces During The 16th, 17th And 18th Centuries In The Lake Champlain Richelieu River Valley, Andrew Robert Beaupre Jun 2017

Creating The Border: Defining, Enforcing And Reasserting Physical And Ethnic Borderzone Spaces During The 16th, 17th And 18th Centuries In The Lake Champlain Richelieu River Valley, Andrew Robert Beaupre

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the creation of space and place in a border region through a historically grounded, multi-scalar approach to spatiality. The work draws upon the pre- and post-contact archaeology of the Lake Champlain Richelieu River Corridor, a historically contested waterway where the states of Vermont, and New York meet the Canadian Province of Québec. This is a region that has played host to countless complex cultural interactions between Native American/First Nation groups and Europeans of various cultural and national identities A tripartite model for multi-scalar study of space and place creation is presented and applied to the political ...


P.S. Don’T Tell My Mother: American Children Debate Race And Civil Rights, 1946-1991, Cara Anson Elliott Apr 2017

P.S. Don’T Tell My Mother: American Children Debate Race And Civil Rights, 1946-1991, Cara Anson Elliott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Thousands of children throughout the United States participated in debates over race-based civil rights that occurred from the late 1940s through the early 1990s. One of the ways in which young Americans contributed to racial conflicts was by offering their opinions in letters and other writings. Children defended particular positions in the midst of national battles over integration, racial violence, desegregation, busing, urban uprisings, racial representation, poverty, and drugs. By communicating their interpretations of race and rights over the course of fifty years, children contributed to the development of American racial discourses. Children composed arguments both for and against racial ...


Reading Bodies: Disability And American Literary History, 1789-1889, Amanda Stuckey Mar 2017

Reading Bodies: Disability And American Literary History, 1789-1889, Amanda Stuckey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation brings the field of critical disability studies to bear on organizational paradigms of nineteenth-century American literature. “Reading Bodies” intervenes in these fields with the claim that the book in a variety of formats, publications, and circulations acts as a disciplinary tool that seeks to arrange physical and mental characteristics and capacities into the category of disability. This project moves beyond examining representations of disability to demonstrate that the same social, cultural, and political forces that generated literary movements and outpourings – such as nationalism, displacement of Native peoples, slavery, and state-sanctioned violence – also generated material conditions of impairment that ...


Songsters And Film Scores: Civil War Music And American Memory, Ari Marie Weinberg Mar 2017

Songsters And Film Scores: Civil War Music And American Memory, Ari Marie Weinberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This thesis consists of two separate essays both concerned with affect, memory, and music of the Civil War. The first examines the production, use, and purpose of a booklet called The Soldier’s Friend, with an emphasis on the mission of its producer, the United States Sanitary Commission and the needs of the readers of the booklet. In addition, I highlight the explicit connections that the organization made in this document between health and music by bringing cultural and psychological theories to the study of music. While many scholars have emphasized the ubiquity and importance of music during the War ...


Race And Culture In The Early-Twentieth-Century United States And Colonial Hawaii, Leah Kuragano Mar 2017

Race And Culture In The Early-Twentieth-Century United States And Colonial Hawaii, Leah Kuragano

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The following essays are two explorations of the role of culture in colonial Hawai‘i and in the American metropole in racializing and dominating Native Hawaiians in terms of a larger history of race-based oppression and romanticization in the US. The first essay draws from Werner Sollors’ Ethnic Modernism, in which he argues that the aesthetic movement of modernism, which has been historically white-washed by scholars, had strong ties to the influx of immigrants and the growing popularity of jazz music and other forms of African American cultural expression in the early twentieth century. The second essay, written for “Politics ...


Material Literacy: Alphabets, Bodies, And Consumer Culture, Wendy Korwin-Pawlowski Jan 2017

Material Literacy: Alphabets, Bodies, And Consumer Culture, Wendy Korwin-Pawlowski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation posits that a new form of material literacy emerged in the United States between 1890 and 1925, in tandem with the modern advertising profession. A nation recalibrating the way it valued economic and cultural mass consumption demanded, among other things, new signage – new ways to announce, and through those announcements, to produce its commitment to consumer society. What I call material literacy emerged as a set of interpretive skills wielded by both the creators and audiences of advertising material, whose paths crossed via representations of goods. These historically situated ways of reading and writing not only invited Americans ...


Folk Into Art: John Fahey, Modernism And The American Folk Revival, Lisa Carpenter Jan 2017

Folk Into Art: John Fahey, Modernism And The American Folk Revival, Lisa Carpenter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

John Fahey’s music holds a distinct place in the mid-century folk revival--distinct because he is difficult to fit in with traditional narratives of the revival. John Fahey created a unique musical style through incorporation of traditional American music with classical music forms. His musical “quotations” and renditions of American blues, folk, ragtime, Protestant hymns, and parlor songs did not merely revive traditional music, but gave it new form and newfound respect in order to further artistic exploration. Fahey was a musical modernist, infusing tradition with the new. Fahey’s work can be situated in the context of modernist/folk ...


Native Citizens And French Refugees: Exploring The Aftermath Of The Haitian Revolution, Frances Bell Jan 2017

Native Citizens And French Refugees: Exploring The Aftermath Of The Haitian Revolution, Frances Bell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Native Citizens!” Citizenship, Family, and Governance During the Haitian Revolution, 1789-1806 Given the upheaval of the Haitian Revolution, and first head-of-state Jean-Jacques Dessalines’s insistence on divesting Haiti from all French influence, it is unsurprising that many historians have depicted Dessalines’s rule as a dramatic rupture; the end of an old state, and the beginning of a new one. However, despite Dessalines’s stated desire to divest from French influence, he continued to use the language of citizenship in legal texts, speeches, and proclamations, despite its strong association with French republicanism. By examining legislative texts and proclamations from 1793 ...


Escaping Through The Past, Haunted By The Future: Confronting America Through Child Of God And The Underground Railroad, Zarah Victoria Quinn Jan 2017

Escaping Through The Past, Haunted By The Future: Confronting America Through Child Of God And The Underground Railroad, Zarah Victoria Quinn

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

My Master’s Thesis is comprised of two essays that review two contemporary American texts. Through genres of the gothic and historical fiction, these texts confront America’s violence of the past and present. The first essay, “Desiring and Dispossessing: Whiteness in Cormac McCarthy’s Child of God,” investigates the novel’s reliance on a gothic genre as an affective strategy to confront whiteness’ specter of self-destruction. The second essay, “Escaping Through The Underground Railroad,” reconsiders the movement of escape and theorizes the action as a miraculous but forever-incomplete movement toward alternative ways of being--a theorization that could be useful ...


"The Irish Servants Of Barbados 1657-1661: Illuminations On Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, And Labor"/ "Moral Dynamite: Support And Opposition For Nationalist Political Violence And Nationalist Activity Among Irish-Americans In The 1880s", Jacqueline Wheelock Jan 2017

"The Irish Servants Of Barbados 1657-1661: Illuminations On Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, And Labor"/ "Moral Dynamite: Support And Opposition For Nationalist Political Violence And Nationalist Activity Among Irish-Americans In The 1880s", Jacqueline Wheelock

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The first paper, "The Irish Servants of Barbados, 1657-1661: Illuminations on Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, and Labor" explores the Irish as subjects within the English Empire and their access to the immunities, rights, and tolerance of other subjects of non-Irish nationality. This paper attempts to demonstrate not only the various ways in which the Irish were conceived as subjects in the early modern English Atlantic but also the ways in which this subjecthood was articulated and deployed in often fluid and haphazard ways. This paper uses colonial Barbados in the late 1650s and early 1660s as a case-study and relies on ...


Creolized Histories: Hybrid Literatures Of The Americas, Apostolos Rofaelas Nov 2016

Creolized Histories: Hybrid Literatures Of The Americas, Apostolos Rofaelas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation is about a hemispheric understanding of the Americas by foregrounding hybrid literatures written both by Caribbean and U.S. American authors as the space where a transnational slave past of diversity, relation, and cross-cultural influence can be revealed and discussed. I use the term hybrid because these imaginary writings engage with actual events and real-life people that have shaped the history of the Americas, the interpretation of which is re-negotiated here though both history and literature. and literatures because it is not only novels but also epic poetry and oral stories that writers resort to in order to ...


The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina Nov 2016

The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research focuses on the anti-Sandinista forces popularly known as the "contras" who operated in Nicaragua from 1980 to 1990, in particular the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), the Alianza Revolucionaria Democrática (ARDE), and the two main Atlantic Coast contra groups: MISURA (Miskito Sumu and Rama Indians of the Atlantic Coast) and MISURASATA (Miskito, Sumu, Rama, Sandinista Aslatakanta [Working Together]). This thesis looks at the different ways these contra groups viewed their conflict and explained it to national and international audiences, as well as to those within the anti-Sandinista movement. Because there was such heterogeneity within the contra movement, a comparative ...


“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory Oct 2016

“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Killing the Cattle, Hogs, and Fowls”: Creek Indians and Domesticated Livestock, 1700-1814 During the Red Stick War of 1813-14, the Creek Indian faction known as the Red Sticks killed the majority of cattle and hogs in Creek Country. The rejection of these animals was a purposeful tactic that carried great significance for the Red Stick movement, and was closely tied to Creek discourses concerning identity, autonomy, and community organization. By the early nineteenth century, Creeks already had a century-long history of experience with livestock, and the historical trajectory of those experiences is crucial to understanding Creek actions during the Red ...