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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

55th International Congress On Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University May 2020

55th International Congress On Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University

International Congress on Medieval Studies Archive

The printed program of the 55th International Congress on Medieval Studies (May 7-10, 2020), which was canceled due to the COVID-19 outbreak and recommendations of the CDC and the WHO regarding social distancing and public gatherings.


Charting A New Course Through Meaningful Occupation, Jennifer K. Fortuna Apr 2020

Charting A New Course Through Meaningful Occupation, Jennifer K. Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Rory Odom, an artist and United States Marine Corps Veteran based in Florida, provided the cover art for the Spring 2020 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). “Turtles All the Way Down” is an 8”x10” oil painting on canvas. After a tragic accident changed the course of Rory’s life, painting gave him hope. During rehabilitation, Rory sought opportunities to challenge himself and build technical skill as a painter. His bold use of color and signature impressionist style convey emotion and movement. In the face of adversity, meaningful occupation helped Rory chart a new course in ...


Somos Y Estamos, Primavera/Spring 2020, Western Michigan University Apr 2020

Somos Y Estamos, Primavera/Spring 2020, Western Michigan University

Somos y Estamos

For Friends of the Department of Spanish at Western Michigan University. In both Spanish and English.


Gower As Data: Exploring The Application Of Machine Learning To Gower’S Middle English Corpus, Kara L. Mcshane, Alvin Grissom Ii Mar 2020

Gower As Data: Exploring The Application Of Machine Learning To Gower’S Middle English Corpus, Kara L. Mcshane, Alvin Grissom Ii

Accessus

Distant reading, a digital humanities method in wide use, involves processing and analyzing a large amount of text through computer programs. In treating texts as data, these methods can highlight trends in diction, themes, and linguistic patterns that individual readers may miss or critical traditions may obscure. Though several scholars have undertaken projects using topic models and text mining on Middle English texts, the nonstandard orthography of Middle English makes this process more challenging than for our counterparts in later literature.

This collaborative project uses Gower’s Confessio Amantis as a small, fixed corpus for analysis. We employ natural language ...


Standing In The Dark: Sloth And Stability, Paralysis And Perseverance In Book Iv Of The Confessio Amantis, Andrea Schutz Mar 2020

Standing In The Dark: Sloth And Stability, Paralysis And Perseverance In Book Iv Of The Confessio Amantis, Andrea Schutz

Accessus

In Book IV of the Confessio, things happen in the dark – the dark of night, of dreams, of despair, of secrecy, of treachery, of death. The medieval sin of accidia sets the pace for this beautifully constructed book, whose tales link and cross, as in a dance. Dido, Phyllis, the bad, the forgetful, and the obsessive lovers swing like slowing pendulums back to their starting points, and stop still. On the whole, their dance with Amans is a slow and stately pavane of the dead and desperate. This is Gower’s darkest book, though not the most bloody: Sloth is ...


Narcissus In Queer Time, Lacey M. Wolfer Mar 2020

Narcissus In Queer Time, Lacey M. Wolfer

Accessus

Queer temporality has been studied in relation to the Middle Ages as a means of questioning the prevailing historiography for other modes of connection to the past, such as embodied or affective. Conversely, the other branch of queer temporality has been primarily interested in how queer lifestyles today disrupt the heteronormative plan laid out by society. Joining these modes, Gower’s revision of Narcissus questions our notions of historiography through showing us an example of a queer, transgender character and his struggles with heteronormative expectations—demonstrating that the medieval is not so disconnected from the modern.


One Voice, Ancient And Resigned, Will Rogers Mar 2020

One Voice, Ancient And Resigned, Will Rogers

Accessus

While we know, or at least can imagine, what Gower looked like in his old age, it is hard to imagine or hear his voice. And yet, given what we know about his old age and visual impairments, his voice necessarily was important to his old age and continuing revisions of his texts. In this article, I attempt to reconstruct from some of his later poetry what that voice might have sounded like, at least in-text, and piece together how later authors heard that voice of old age.


Dark Money: Gower, Echo, And 'Blinde Avarice', Craig E. Bertolet Mar 2020

Dark Money: Gower, Echo, And 'Blinde Avarice', Craig E. Bertolet

Accessus

Gower’s poetic works show a consistent concern with the darkness and deceit associated with Avarice, the sin mostly associated with commercial transactions. In the Confessio, he calls Avarice blind. This blindness seems to work both ways. Avarice blinds humans to their humanity because it causes them to cheat and steal from others. Avarice also blinds the victims of the greedy since the greedy resort to deception in order to gain what they want. In the Confessio, Genius tells the tale of Echo as an example of the practices that he calls usury but who works as an amalgam of ...


“Als Wel The Lord As The Schepherde, He Broghte Hem Alle In Good Accord”: Harmonious Materialism In The Confessio Amantis, Roger A. Ladd Mar 2020

“Als Wel The Lord As The Schepherde, He Broghte Hem Alle In Good Accord”: Harmonious Materialism In The Confessio Amantis, Roger A. Ladd

Accessus

Using R. F. Yeager's analysis of the figure Arion as a starting point, this article argues that in the Confessio Amantis, John Gower shifts his impulse toward social correction from direct estates satire to a more subtle approach encoding his social critique in the love stories of the Confessio. Examples of this approach include a variety of tales from Book 5, and the Apollonius of Tyre story in Book 8. Details of the poem's ending and later works like "In Praise of Peace" indicate that Gower still retained an interest in direct critique of social problems.


Global Gower: The Archer Aiming At The World, Joyce Coleman Mar 2020

Global Gower: The Archer Aiming At The World, Joyce Coleman

Accessus

This article explores the Vox Clamantis’ famous image of the archer shooting an arrow at a globe. There are sources and analogues for all the elements of the picture, but their combination and reinvention have produced a unique iconography. Gower’s multispectral conception of the globe combines ecological features with human estates with divine justice. Huntington Library HM 150 extends this innovation further, possibly even linking the miniature to the Wilton Diptych via the cross and pennon planted on the top of its globe. The complexity of the ideas embedded in the archer images suggests that Gower himself, and not ...


Introducing Gower Shorts, Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin Mar 2020

Introducing Gower Shorts, Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin

Accessus

This essay provides an introduction to a special issue of Accessus, entitled "Gower Shorts," slightly expanded and revised versions of conference papers presented at the International Congress on Medieval Studies at Kalamazoo in 2018-19 and the Modern Language Association Conference in Chicago in 2019.


March 2020 School Of Music News, Wmu School Of Music Mar 2020

March 2020 School Of Music News, Wmu School Of Music

School of Music News

  • 3/12/2020 Update - Changes to the status of events, including cancellations, will be updated on a daily basis.
  • School of Music Responses to COVID-19
  • 3/13/2020: Message from the Director Regarding COVID-19


Voice And New Literacies: Student Perceptions Of Writing Instruction In A Secondary English Classroom, Jenny M. Martin Jan 2020

Voice And New Literacies: Student Perceptions Of Writing Instruction In A Secondary English Classroom, Jenny M. Martin

Teaching/Writing: The Journal of Writing Teacher Education

Voice is an integral part of writing instruction, and over half of state writing assessments include voice on scoring rubrics; yet, there is a dearth of research on voice and writing instruction with adolescents. Increasingly new literacies and digital tools are being used in the high school English classroom but with relatively little known about how these tools can teach voice during writing instruction. This qualitative single-case study examined how a public school, ninth-grade English teacher used new literacies to develop voice in students’ writing and participants’ perception of these instructional choices. The sample included the teacher and 14 students ...


The Work Of The World, Mark C. Joslin Jan 2020

The Work Of The World, Mark C. Joslin

The Hilltop Review

No abstract provided.


The Perfect Bubble, Elizabeth Orwig Jan 2020

The Perfect Bubble, Elizabeth Orwig

The Hilltop Review

No abstract provided.


Snowstorm In Southern Tlön, Joshua T. Parks Jan 2020

Snowstorm In Southern Tlön, Joshua T. Parks

The Hilltop Review

This is a wintry poem inspired by the nounless language of Jorge Luis Borges's fictional planet Tlön. It describes a snowstorm using only verbal forms and function words. It also hints at the timelessness of Tlön's philosophical idealism and the tendency of nature to disregard human boundaries.


Flowers In A Wasteland 2, Elizabeth V. Netcher Jan 2020

Flowers In A Wasteland 2, Elizabeth V. Netcher

The Hilltop Review

This piece represents abstracted flowers thriving in a wasteland. Though the flowers are difficult to make out, the viewer can still distinguish each flower through the hazy blur of a landscape.


San Juan Mountains Outside Of Silverton, Colorado, Joy Kiefer Jan 2020

San Juan Mountains Outside Of Silverton, Colorado, Joy Kiefer

The Hilltop Review

No abstract provided.


A Village Comes To Life: The Interpretation Of Henry Ford's Greenfield Village, Claire E. Herhold Jan 2020

A Village Comes To Life: The Interpretation Of Henry Ford's Greenfield Village, Claire E. Herhold

The Hilltop Review

Of all American living history sites, Greenfield Village, in Dearborn, Michigan, is one of the most interesting. Founded by Henry Ford and opened in 1929, Greenfield Village consists of 90 acres of nearly 100 historic buildings, all moved to the site from around the country and reassembled in a vague village formation. Unlike Colonial Williamsburg, the site is not historically significant and represents no one geographic location or time period. While in keeping with Ford’s vision of celebrating small-town life and the humble origins of many great thinkers and innovators, this structure has presented challenges for both the staff ...


Magic, Alchemy, And The Spiritual But Not Religious, John C. Marshell Jr. Jan 2020

Magic, Alchemy, And The Spiritual But Not Religious, John C. Marshell Jr.

The Hilltop Review

In this paper, I identify a problem within the growing phenomenon of the "spiritual but not religious" community based on the particular experiences of German pilgrims attending a retreat at a Chinese Daoist monastery. Despite interests and affirmations in Daoism, the German pilgrims reacted negatively to Daoist supernatural attitudes and practices. Their SBNR beliefs clashed with Daoist orthodoxy. My research is largely based on a historical examination that contextualizes the problems the German pilgrims experienced and offers a possible remedy to their trans-cultural spiritual dilemma in alchemy and Jungian psychology.


Wildlife Emotions: Animal Rights As Examined Through A Cognitivist Lens, Kristy Schultz Jan 2020

Wildlife Emotions: Animal Rights As Examined Through A Cognitivist Lens, Kristy Schultz

The Hilltop Review

The aim of this article is to revisit and redefine the scope of a Kantian rights-based theory to include non-human animals. Generally, rights-based theories are predicated on a Kantian deontology that excludes all but rational subjects from possessing of basic rights. Historically, non-human animals—once thought to act on impulse and desire alone—have been excluded from rights-based considerations. However, more recent literature from emotions theorist Martha Nussbaum suggests an alternative picture for non-human animals. Cognitivist theories like Nussbaum’s, alongside intensive scientific research, support the notion that non-human animals show signs of intentionality and possess the capacity to emote ...


Quilting And Sharing: Promoting Lifelong Learning And Service To Others, Jennifer Fortuna Jan 2020

Quilting And Sharing: Promoting Lifelong Learning And Service To Others, Jennifer Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Lynne Hall, an occupational therapist, educator, and quilter based in Kalamazoo, MI, provided the cover art for the Winter 2020 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). “Four Patch Posy” is a 45” x 55” quilt made from cotton. In her 50th year of occupational therapy practice, Lynne’s philosophy is rooted in lifelong learning and service to others. The quilt aesthetic provides Lynne a creative medium to serve in her community. With her person-centered approach, Lynne facilitates human potential in the clients, students, and community members she serves. Success in both occupational therapy practice and quilting require ...


The Feeling Heart In Medieval And Early Modern Europe: Meaning, Embodiment, And Making, Katie Barclay, Bronwyn Reddan Dec 2019

The Feeling Heart In Medieval And Early Modern Europe: Meaning, Embodiment, And Making, Katie Barclay, Bronwyn Reddan

Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

The heart is an iconic symbol in the medieval and early modern European world. In addition to being a physical organ, it is a key conceptual device related to emotions, cognition, the self and identity, and the body. The heart is read as a metaphor for human desire and will, and situated in opposition to or alongside reason and cognition. In medieval and early modern Europe, the “feeling heart”—the heart as the site of emotion and emotional practices—informed a broad range of art, literature, music, heraldry, medical texts, and devotional and ritual practices. This multidisciplinary collection brings together ...


Reshaping The United States' Anti-Trafficking Legislation: The Need For Uniform Reporting And Victim Rehabilitation, Bryant Cross Dec 2019

Reshaping The United States' Anti-Trafficking Legislation: The Need For Uniform Reporting And Victim Rehabilitation, Bryant Cross

Honors Theses

Trafficking in persons—or “human trafficking”—is a prevalent issue in the United States in the twenty-first century. Since the turn of the century, awareness surrounding the national and international problem of human trafficking has gradually risen. This rise in awareness came hand-in-hand with Congressional efforts to combat the trafficking of human beings through federal law—namely, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 and its subsequent reauthorizations. Unfortunately, federal legislators’ initial framing of the trafficking in persons problem as an international issue—rather than a national issue—led to the creation of a weak legislative foundation for anti-trafficking ...


Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2019

Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


A Selection From The Chieko Poems By Takamura Kōtarō, Leanne Ogasawara Dec 2019

A Selection From The Chieko Poems By Takamura Kōtarō, Leanne Ogasawara

Transference

No abstract provided.


Four Poems From House Of Razor Blades By Linda Maria Baros, Kathryn Kimball Dec 2019

Four Poems From House Of Razor Blades By Linda Maria Baros, Kathryn Kimball

Transference

No abstract provided.


Four Poems By Yao Nai, Andrew Gudgel Dec 2019

Four Poems By Yao Nai, Andrew Gudgel

Transference

No abstract provided.


Four Poems By Dieurat Clervoyant, Elizabeth Dodd Dec 2019

Four Poems By Dieurat Clervoyant, Elizabeth Dodd

Transference

Poems by Haitian poet in exile Dieurat Clervoyant, translated from the French by Elizabeth Dodd.


An Axe Falling On A Blind Statue By Mohamed Fouad, Nina Youkhanna Dec 2019

An Axe Falling On A Blind Statue By Mohamed Fouad, Nina Youkhanna

Transference

No abstract provided.