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Articles 1 - 30 of 5591

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

“You Feel Like You Belong Nowhere”: Conflict-Related Sexual Violence And Social Identity In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Myriam Denov, Laura Eramian, Meaghan C. Shevell May 2020

“You Feel Like You Belong Nowhere”: Conflict-Related Sexual Violence And Social Identity In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Myriam Denov, Laura Eramian, Meaghan C. Shevell

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Globally, the systematic use of sexual violence in modern warfare has resulted in the birth of thousands of children. Research has begun to focus on this often invisible group and the obstacles they face, including stigma, discrimination and exclusion based on their birth origins. Although sexual violence during the Rwandan genocide has been documented on a massive scale, little research has focused on the relational dynamics between mothers who experienced genocide rape and the children they bore. This paper explores the post-genocide realities of these two under-explored populations, revealing two key tensions in relation to identity-building and belonging. Drawing upon ...


Chomsky And Genocide, Adam Jones May 2020

Chomsky And Genocide, Adam Jones

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Noam Chomsky may justly be considered the most important public intellectual alive, and the most significant of the post-World War Two era. Despite his scholarly contributions to linguistics, at least three generations know him primarily for his political writings and activism, voicing a left-radical, humanist critique of US foreign policy and other subjects.

Given that a human-rights discourse is prominent in Chomsky’s political writing, and given that genocide-related controversies have sometimes swirled around him, it is worthwhile to consider the overall place and framing of genocide in his published output. The present paper undertakes such an inquiry. It employs ...


Book Review: Gender And The Genocide In Rwanda: Women As Rescuers And As Perpetrators, Hollie Nyseth Brehm May 2020

Book Review: Gender And The Genocide In Rwanda: Women As Rescuers And As Perpetrators, Hollie Nyseth Brehm

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Red Famine: Stalin's War On Ukraine, Natalia Paola Crocco May 2020

Book Review: Red Famine: Stalin's War On Ukraine, Natalia Paola Crocco

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

The article is a review of the book "Red famine. Stalin´s war on Ukraine" by Anne Applebaum. The book takes a tour of the process of artificial famine that Ukraine suffered in the early 1930s by the Soviet Union, its historical background and its consequences today.


Book Review: Anti-Semitism And The Holocaust: Language, Rhetoric And The Traditions Of Hatred, Brenda L. Gaydosh May 2020

Book Review: Anti-Semitism And The Holocaust: Language, Rhetoric And The Traditions Of Hatred, Brenda L. Gaydosh

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Full Issue May 2020

Full Issue

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction May 2020

Editor's Introduction

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Joanna Wharton, Material Enlightenment: Women Writers And The Science Of The Mind, 1770–1830, Kandice Sharren Apr 2020

A Review Of Joanna Wharton, Material Enlightenment: Women Writers And The Science Of The Mind, 1770–1830, Kandice Sharren

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

A Review of Joanna Wharton, Material Enlightenment: Women Writers and the Science of the Mind, 1770–1830, by Kandice Sharren


Review Of Women’S Periodicals And Print Culture In Britain, 1690–1820s: The Long Eighteenth Century, Lisa Maruca Apr 2020

Review Of Women’S Periodicals And Print Culture In Britain, 1690–1820s: The Long Eighteenth Century, Lisa Maruca

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

Review of Women’s Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain


Review Of Deborah Boyle On Margaret Cavendish, Dustin D. Stewart Apr 2020

Review Of Deborah Boyle On Margaret Cavendish, Dustin D. Stewart

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

A review of Deborah Boyle's book The Well-Ordered Universe (2018), by Dustin D. Stewart.


Entering The Lady’S Dressing Room: Using Feminist Game Design To Look At And Beyond The Male Gaze In Swift’S The Lady’S Dressing Room., Melanie D. Holm Apr 2020

Entering The Lady’S Dressing Room: Using Feminist Game Design To Look At And Beyond The Male Gaze In Swift’S The Lady’S Dressing Room., Melanie D. Holm

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

In 2017, I developed “Entering the Lady’s Dressing Room,” an Interactive Fiction game based on Jonathan Swift’s satiric poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room” (1734) to help my students become better readers of Restoration satire, and poetry generally. I did this for two reasons: to test whether the digital mediation of game-playing could help my undergraduate students more fruitfully engage with the poem, and 2) to theorize the similarities between poetic interpretation, the multiple narrative-making experience of game-playing. This article takes seriously the idea that poetry is play. It describes the circumstances that led to the development of ...


Cutting Edge Courtship In Eighteenth-Century London, Margaret E. France Apr 2020

Cutting Edge Courtship In Eighteenth-Century London, Margaret E. France

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

In 1759, an anonymous twenty-two year-old woman placed an advertisement for a husband in the London Daily Advertiser that inspired an unusual sequel: a pamphlet purporting to collect her responses. Exploring the context of this woman's actions and the letters themselves reveals attitudes regarding matrimony and the dangers of virtual social networks that feel surprisingly contemporary.


Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone Feb 2020

Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone

International Journal of Speleology

Although there are no published studies and limited data documenting damage by rodents in Hawaiian caves, our incidental observations during more than 40 years of surveying caves indicate that introduced rodents, especially the roof rat, Rattus rattus, pose significant threats to vulnerable cave resources. Caves, with their nearly constant and predictable physical environment often house important natural and cultural features including biological, paleontological, geological, climatic, mineralogical, cultural, and archaeological resources. All four invasive rodents in Hawai‘i commonly nest in cave entrances and rock shelters, but only the roof rat (Rattus rattus) habitually enters caves and utilizes areas in total ...


La Reivindicación Del Monstruo En La Obra De Pilar Pedraza: De Las Novias Inmóviles A El Amante Germano., Lola Robles Jan 2020

La Reivindicación Del Monstruo En La Obra De Pilar Pedraza: De Las Novias Inmóviles A El Amante Germano., Lola Robles

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

Digna heredera de la narrativa de Mary Shelley, la autora española Pilar Pedraza (Toledo, 1951) ha escrito y publicado una docena de novelas, varios libros de relatos y numerosos cuentos en antologías colectivas, a lo que hay que añadir una serie de ensayos sobre el papel de las mujeres en el arte, cine y literatura, y sobre brujería. Estas publicaciones ensayísticas muestran claramente la concepción del mundo que tiene Pedraza y son un buen correlato de su narrativa, tal como veremos. Su obra de ficción se inscribe dentro de la literatura de terror fantástico o se la define también simplemente ...


Cyborgs Y Frankensteins Isleños: Mirada A Dos Cuentos De Marta Aponte Alsina, Veronica E. Davila Ellis Jan 2020

Cyborgs Y Frankensteins Isleños: Mirada A Dos Cuentos De Marta Aponte Alsina, Veronica E. Davila Ellis

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

En el siguiente ensayo analizo dos cuentos de Marta Aponte Alsina donde se presenta una crítica sobre las narrativas femeninas ante una realidad demasiado plagada de la cibernética y productos culturales extranjeros. “Madame Bovirtual” (2005) e “Intermedio del hombre verde (20--)” (1999) muestran un cuestionamiento hacia la producción literaria durante el comienzo de la revolución tecnológica. Ambos textos utilizan como referente obras literarias canónicas canónicas, sin embargo “Intermedio…” reformula la figura del monstruo de Frankenstein para una crítica social sobre el neocolonialismo y su representación en la ficción boricua.La literatura puertorriqueña femenina a finales del Siglo 20 se encargó ...


La Cíborg De Rosa Montero Como Utopía De La Redención Social, Mercedes Tejera-Garcia De La Concha Jan 2020

La Cíborg De Rosa Montero Como Utopía De La Redención Social, Mercedes Tejera-Garcia De La Concha

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

Este artículo abarca los temas de la memoria histórica colectiva y la redención social en las dos primeras novelas de la trilogía de Rosa Montero, Lágrimas en la lluvia (2011) y El peso del corazón (2015). El análisis pone el foco en la cíborg, Bruna Husky, principalmente por su lucha en la conquista de derechos civiles. Se sostiene la premisa de Bruna como un doble novum, indagando en su agencia como vehículo de esperanza social, noción de Ernst Bloch, así como en su potencia en tanto novedad técnica y política, postulado de Darko Suvin. Un costado fundamental de esta aproximación ...


Resistant Female Cyborgs In Brazil, M. Elizabeth Ginway Jan 2020

Resistant Female Cyborgs In Brazil, M. Elizabeth Ginway

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

In her oft-cited “A Cyborg Manifesto,” Donna Haraway conceptualizes the cyborg as a feminist possibility, emphasizing the need for a self-created, self-engendered female (150). In How We Became Posthuman (1999), N. Katherine Hayles examines the development of cybernetic theory from the 1940s to the present, linking its history to portrayals of cyborgs and artificial intelligence in science fiction. I argue that the combination of change and tradition embodied by Brazilian cyborgs must be understood within the history and paradigms of Latin American culture and its ambivalent attitudes towards modernity. To understand Brazil’s female cyborgs, I apply Bolívar Echeverría’s ...


Introducción Al Homenaje A Mary Shelley, Giovanna Rivero, M. Elizabeth Ginway Jan 2020

Introducción Al Homenaje A Mary Shelley, Giovanna Rivero, M. Elizabeth Ginway

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

La idea de homenajear a Mary Shelley y su pulsión creativa apunta precisamente a mostrar el lado productivo y feminista del monstruo en las letras contemporáneas. La transgresión de Shelley ha sido definitoria en la sensibilidad y mirada ideológica de muchas escritoras occidentales, probablemente porque —si aludimos muy brevemente a los campos culturales en tanto espacios también orgánicos de escritura— muchas de estas escritoras están instaladas en espacios de enunciación semiperiféricos de Latinoamérica y España. Así, el monstruo escrito alcanza una escala orgánica continental y transoceánica que tiene que ver con tomar piezas de ese desmembrado cuerpo de saberes que ...


Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein Dec 2019

Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Over the last decades, Genocide Studies has entered in a “comfort zone.” With fellowships and support from governments or NGOs, we have developed a very comfortable environment in which the knowledge we produce about genocide prevention is neither critical nor useful. We have become trapped by assumptions we have never checked against reality and many of us have chosen to work inside the circle of those assumptions: genocide and mass violence are horrible acts committed by horrible people; we cannot stand by and do nothing; we have the responsibility to protect civilian populations and that responsibility takes the form, as ...


Scenarios Of Intractability: Reframing Intractable Conflict And Its Transformation, Kerry Whigham Dec 2019

Scenarios Of Intractability: Reframing Intractable Conflict And Its Transformation, Kerry Whigham

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

For those working toward long-term conflict transformation and atrocity prevention, cases of so-called “intractable conflict” are an enduring source of frustration, continually resisting what seems to be an otherwise useful toolbox of "lessons learnt" and "best practices." Referring to these cases as intractable, however, only serves to naturalize their intractability, rendering it an essential and immutable quality of the conflicts, and thus foreclosing options for engagement and prevention. Moreover, it obscures interventions that may have already emerged from within these conflicts that are transforming the way they play out. This article suggests, instead, to perceive these cases as scenarios of ...


Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck Dec 2019

Book Review: Hitler’S Atrocities Against Allied Pows: War Crimes Of The Third Reich, Timothy Heck

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Hitler’s Atrocities Against Allied PoWs cannot be regarded as an academic study of the fate awaiting captured Allied servicemen and women. Its narrow focus, socio-political goal, and limited engagement with the historiography prevent it from serving as more than a survey text or springboard. Chinnery attempts to tie the individual fates to a larger argument that the German armed forces and their security force compatriots were systematically responsible for the abuses described in the book. While the individual cases are compelling and some have a clear connection to explicit policies, the book does not succeed in linking its other ...


Book Review: Flowers In The Wall: Truth And Reconciliation In Timor-Leste, Indonesia And Melanesia, Leigh-Ashley Lipscomb Dec 2019

Book Review: Flowers In The Wall: Truth And Reconciliation In Timor-Leste, Indonesia And Melanesia, Leigh-Ashley Lipscomb

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This collection of essays reflects on truth and reconciliation commissions (TRCs) and related mechanisms that have taken place in Indonesia, Timor-Leste and Melanesia with a view towards informing other processes that engage historical approaches to resolve conflict. It documents global innovations in TRCs pioneered in this region, as well as the pivotal, trans-national nature of civil society’s influence on them. Rather than providing a legalistic or institutional account, this volume seeks to capture the unique quality of expression fostered by each truth-seeking response. It demonstrates the lyrical power of truth-telling to unravel dominant narratives and structural inequalities that perpetuate ...


Film Review: Radical Evil, Raya Morag Dec 2019

Film Review: Radical Evil, Raya Morag

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Film Review: Operation Finale, Melanie O'Brien Dec 2019

Film Review: Operation Finale, Melanie O'Brien

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In 1960, the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, undertook an operation in Argentina to capture the architect of the Final Solution, Adolf Eichmann, and bring him to Israel to stand trial. Operation Finale [Chris Weitz, 2018] tells the story of this intelligence operation: the actions of and challenges for the agents involved, in a way that captures the banality of Eichmann’s personality before it was put on show for the world to see in his televised trial. Operation Finale is available on Netflix, rendering it a Holocaust film with an extraordinarily large reach.


Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić Dec 2019

Film Review: The Trial Of Ratko Mladić, Iva Vukušić

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


The Efficacy Of Comedy, Mark Anthony Castricone Dec 2019

The Efficacy Of Comedy, Mark Anthony Castricone

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Efficacy of Comedy: Focusing on the efficacy of comedy as a genre, utilizing Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Heidegger’s philosophy. It begins with a historical analysis of the efficacy of comedy in Ancient 4th and 5th century Athens focusing on Aristotle’s conceptions of comedy. It analyses what Aristotle wrote about comedy and attempts a reconstruction of what his book on comedy from the poetics may have said. It then examines the shift to aesthetics rather than the Philosophy of Art with a focus on Kant and the Critique of Judgment. Comedy here is used as an interpretive tool in ...


A Review Of Annika Mann, Reading Contagion, By Michael Edson, Michael Edson Dec 2019

A Review Of Annika Mann, Reading Contagion, By Michael Edson, Michael Edson

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

A review of Annika Mann, Reading Contagion, by Michael Edson


Review Of Novel Ventures: Fiction And Print Culture In England, 1690-1730 By Leah Orr, Susannah Sanford Dec 2019

Review Of Novel Ventures: Fiction And Print Culture In England, 1690-1730 By Leah Orr, Susannah Sanford

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

A review of Novel Ventures: Fiction and Print Culture in England, 1690-1730 by Leah Orr by Susannah Sanford


Review Of Margaret Cavendish’S Poems And Fancies, James Fitzmaurice Dec 2019

Review Of Margaret Cavendish’S Poems And Fancies, James Fitzmaurice

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

Liza Blake’s free website is sure to become the first stop for anyone beginning work with Poems and Fancies. Most importantly for those who want to explore Cavendish's poetry in depth is that fact that Blake’s website provides an easy means of comparison of versions of poems printed in the 1653, 1664, and 1668 editions.


The Strength Of Weak Ties: Eliza Haywood’S Social Network In The Dunciad In Four Books (1743), Ileana Baird Dr. Dec 2019

The Strength Of Weak Ties: Eliza Haywood’S Social Network In The Dunciad In Four Books (1743), Ileana Baird Dr.

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

This article uses visualizations of Eliza Haywood’s social networks, as described in The Dunciad in Four Books (1743), to make visible her relations with the other characters in the poem, and the nature of these affiliations. The tools used to generate these visualizations are GraphViz, an open source visualization software that creates topological graphs from sets of dyadic relations, and SHIVA Graph, an application used to visualize large sets of networks and navigate through them as through a map. In Eliza Haywood’s case, this model of social network analysis sheds new light on the nature of Pope’s ...