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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram Jul 2107

Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The function of education today is to merely put power in the hands of students without teaching them how to exercise it. As a result, it has made possible the world where the educated could use the power they have gained through education to take advantage of those who are less fortunate. What is needed to ensure students put their power to good use is an education system which helps students to strive not only towards being smart and gritty but also towards having a higher understanding of how and why should they be intelligent and gritty. This novel form ...


From Negative Biases To Positive News: Resetting And Reframing News Consumption For A Better Life And A Better World, Henry Edwards 4091172 Aug 2017

From Negative Biases To Positive News: Resetting And Reframing News Consumption For A Better Life And A Better World, Henry Edwards 4091172

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Research psychologists have found that people are subject to negative biases. These powerful biases may influence how journalists and editors produce the news and how citizens consume it. While not all news is negative, much of it is. Negatively biased news is both inaccurate and detrimental for well-being. This paper reviews literature about negative biases and the detrimental effects of negative news on well-being. Positive psychology interventions, taught in a workshop, may be able to mitigate or neutralize negative news effects. This paper presents a half-day workshop meant to combat negative biases in the news by training attendees in relevant ...


Cultivating Meaning At Work, In Four Movements, Yumi Kendall Aug 2017

Cultivating Meaning At Work, In Four Movements, Yumi Kendall

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This paper explores ways to enhance meaning at work for professional orchestra musicians, whose psychological needs include both the collective symphonic whole as well as individual mastery needs. An introduction to meaning and meaning in work is followed by a discussion of four pathways to enhance meaning at work for professional orchestra musicians. Finally, for each of the four pathways, initial interventions are proposed. In support of the research on meaning pathways and related psychological experiences of this population, a series of appendices review theoretical constructs from social science at the individual and group levels. Concluding the appendices is a ...


Transcription, Translation, And Annotation: Observations On Three Medieval Islamicate Medical Texts In Upenn Ms Codex 1649, Y. Tzvi Langermann Jun 2017

Transcription, Translation, And Annotation: Observations On Three Medieval Islamicate Medical Texts In Upenn Ms Codex 1649, Y. Tzvi Langermann

Manuscript Studies

Provides an introduction to previously unpublished and incomplete copies of three Arabic medical tracts translated in Judeo-Arabic: al-Mughnīfī Tadbīr al-Amrāḍ (“The Sufficient for the Management of Illnesses”) by Sa’īd ibn Hibat Allah (fols. 15-18, 40-52, 211-307), al-Adwiya al-Qalbiyya (“Cardiac Drugs”) by Abū ‘Alī Ibn Sīnā (fols. 25-39), and al- KāmilfīṢinā‘at al-Ṭibb (“The Complete [Book] in the Art of Medicine”), also known as al- Mālikī ( “The Royal [Book]”) by Abū al-‘Abbās al-Majūsī (fols. 53-210). The copies, compiled by a Jewish physician identified as David ben Shalom, were produced in Sicily in the fifteenth century in Sicily and provide ...


(In)Completeness In Middle English Literature: The Case Of The Cook’S Tale And The Tale Of Gamelyn, Timothy Stinson Jun 2017

(In)Completeness In Middle English Literature: The Case Of The Cook’S Tale And The Tale Of Gamelyn, Timothy Stinson

Manuscript Studies

This essay considers the ways in which incompleteness – the de facto status of virtually all of Middle English literature – is both a type of failure and a special characteristic of this literature. The discussion is framed around the incomplete Cook's Tale from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and the Tale of Gamelyn, a romance frequently misattributed to Chaucer that circulated with the Canterbury Tales, often to fill the gap left by the incomplete Cook's Tale.


The Handwritten And The Printed: Issues Of Format And Medium In Japanese Premodern Books, Linda H. Chance, Julie Nelson Davis Jun 2017

The Handwritten And The Printed: Issues Of Format And Medium In Japanese Premodern Books, Linda H. Chance, Julie Nelson Davis

Manuscript Studies

The act of rendering the handwritten in print participates in a long tradition of appreciation of calligraphy in East Asia. This essay considers the question of why manuscript remained the mode for representing writing well after the development of print culture in early modern Japan, forcing us to reexamine our expectations of what the term “manuscript” means: must a work be “written by hand” to be a manuscript, for instance? We argue that the use of print technology as a means to capture and disseminate the calligraphic expands the scope of current notions of what a manuscript is and challenges ...


Towards A Universal Catalogue Of Early Manuscripts: Seymour De Ricci’S Census Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts In The United States And Canada, Nigel Ramsay Jun 2017

Towards A Universal Catalogue Of Early Manuscripts: Seymour De Ricci’S Census Of Medieval And Renaissance Manuscripts In The United States And Canada, Nigel Ramsay

Manuscript Studies

Seymour de Ricci’s Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada, published by the Library of Congress in two volumes in 1935 and 1937 respectively, is a fundamental reference for the history of manuscripts in North American institutions and collections. This article explores the history of the Census' production, in particular the challenges that De Ricci faced in completing the monumental task of creating a union catalogue of manuscripts before the dawn of the digital age.


Will That Surrogate Do?: Reflections On Material Manuscript Literacy In The Digital Environment From Islamic Manuscripts At The University Of Michigan Library, Evyn C. Kropf Jun 2017

Will That Surrogate Do?: Reflections On Material Manuscript Literacy In The Digital Environment From Islamic Manuscripts At The University Of Michigan Library, Evyn C. Kropf

Manuscript Studies

The widespread dissemination of digital surrogates for Islamic manuscripts certainly has the potential to impact scholarship both positively and negatively. Realizing a positive impact is contingent on the accessibility and quality of the digital surrogates and the training extended to the scholars working with them. Indeed, while manuscript digital surrogates have the potential to enhance access for those scholars who might otherwise neglect manuscript evidence, they may also enable neglect of material qualities and with them the essential historical context for the content of a codex. This is particularly concerning for the field of Islamic manuscript studies for which so ...


The Materiality Of South Asian Manuscripts From The University Of Pennsylvania Ms Coll. 390 And The Rāmamālā Library In Bangladesh, Benjamin J. Fleming Jun 2017

The Materiality Of South Asian Manuscripts From The University Of Pennsylvania Ms Coll. 390 And The Rāmamālā Library In Bangladesh, Benjamin J. Fleming

Manuscript Studies

The codex has become ubiquitous in the modern world as a common way of presenting the materiality of texts. Much of the scholarship on the History of the Book has taken this endpoint for granted even when discussing pre-modern writing and manuscript cultures. In this essay, I would like to open the discussion to other possibilities. I will draw on my research on medieval South Asian religions and from my hands-on work with manuscripts in two collections: the Rāmamālā Library in Bangladesh and the Indic collection at the University of Pennsylvania. Drawing examples from these two collections as well as ...


Citation And Alignment: Scholarship Outside And Inside The Codex, Christopher Blackwell, Christine Roughan, Neel Smith Jun 2017

Citation And Alignment: Scholarship Outside And Inside The Codex, Christopher Blackwell, Christine Roughan, Neel Smith

Manuscript Studies

We describe a hierarchical approach to modeling text that allows machine-actionable canonical citation of text at many levels of specificity. This model address the problem of overlapping or mutually exclusive analyses. In turn, this flexibility in citation allows rich linking of textual transcriptions and other data to regions-of-interest on digital images, of particular value to codicological and paleographic study. Our examples are from work on Byzantine manuscripts containing Greek epic poetry and scholarly commentary, but our approach can apply to any image-based project in documenting books, manuscripts, inscriptions or other text-bearing surfaces.


Manifesto, Mitch Fraas, William Noel Jun 2017

Manifesto, Mitch Fraas, William Noel

Manuscript Studies

Manuscript Studies is a new journal that embraces the full complexity of global manuscript studies in the digital age. It has been conceived with four main goals in mind. First, to bridge the gaps between material and digital manuscript research; second, to break down the walls which often separate print and digital publication and serve as barriers between academics, professionals in the cultural heritage field, and citizen scholars; third, to serve as a forum for scholarship encompassing many pre-modern manuscripts cultures—not just those of Europe; and finally to showcase methods and techniques of analysis in manuscript studies that can ...


Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby May 2017

Penn: Worlds In A Small Room, Jay Ruby

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday May 2017

Hockings: Principles Of Visual Anthropology, Duncan Holaday

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Attribution And Inference In The Interpretation Of Candid And Staged Film Events, Paul Messaris, Michael Pallenik May 2017

Attribution And Inference In The Interpretation Of Candid And Staged Film Events, Paul Messaris, Michael Pallenik

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Cultural Influence On Perception, Lenora Shargo Foerstel May 2017

Cultural Influence On Perception, Lenora Shargo Foerstel

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Introduction To "Cultural Influence On Perception", Margaret Mead May 2017

Introduction To "Cultural Influence On Perception", Margaret Mead

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Volume 4 Number 1 May 2017

Volume 4 Number 1

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Cumulative Index For Studies In Visual Communication, Volume 9 May 2017

Cumulative Index For Studies In Visual Communication, Volume 9

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Briefly Noted May 2017

Briefly Noted

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Ekman: Emotion In The Human Face, Stuart J. Sigman May 2017

Ekman: Emotion In The Human Face, Stuart J. Sigman

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Kertesz: On Reading, Gary Dean Jaworski May 2017

Kertesz: On Reading, Gary Dean Jaworski

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Winner: Invented Worlds: The Psychology Of The Arts, Brian Sutton-Smith May 2017

Winner: Invented Worlds: The Psychology Of The Arts, Brian Sutton-Smith

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Alpers: The Art Of Describing: Dutch Art In The Seventeenth Century, David Carrier May 2017

Alpers: The Art Of Describing: Dutch Art In The Seventeenth Century, David Carrier

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Metz: The Imaginary Signifier: Psychoanalysis And The Cinema / Heath: Questions Of Cinema, Ian Duncan May 2017

Metz: The Imaginary Signifier: Psychoanalysis And The Cinema / Heath: Questions Of Cinema, Ian Duncan

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Filmmaking By "Young Filmmakers", Frank Eadie, Brian Sutton-Smith, Michael Griffin May 2017

Filmmaking By "Young Filmmakers", Frank Eadie, Brian Sutton-Smith, Michael Griffin

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


The United States View Company Of Richfield, Pennsylvania (Photo Essay), Jay Ruby May 2017

The United States View Company Of Richfield, Pennsylvania (Photo Essay), Jay Ruby

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Clarence H. White Reconsidered: An Alternative To The Modernist Aesthetic Of Straight Photography, Bonnie Yochelson May 2017

Clarence H. White Reconsidered: An Alternative To The Modernist Aesthetic Of Straight Photography, Bonnie Yochelson

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


The Photographic Work Of E.J. Marey, Marta Braun May 2017

The Photographic Work Of E.J. Marey, Marta Braun

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Volume 9 Number 4 May 2017

Volume 9 Number 4

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.


Lesbian Photography--Seeing Through Our Own Eyes, (Jeb) Joan E. Biren May 2017

Lesbian Photography--Seeing Through Our Own Eyes, (Jeb) Joan E. Biren

Studies in Visual Communication

No abstract provided.