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Articles 1 - 30 of 2528

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Dec 2017

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

Honors Theses (PPE)

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seeded national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Using Film To Inspire Advocacy: An Interview With Shalini Kantayya, Mahvish Ilyas, Siga Wu, Dechan Dalrymple Dec 2017

Using Film To Inspire Advocacy: An Interview With Shalini Kantayya, Mahvish Ilyas, Siga Wu, Dechan Dalrymple

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Art Reinvented: Connecting Back To Mother Nature, Dechan Dalrymple Dec 2017

Art Reinvented: Connecting Back To Mother Nature, Dechan Dalrymple

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Notes From The Field: An Assessment Of Wash Programs In West Bengal, India, Mark Lotto Dec 2017

Notes From The Field: An Assessment Of Wash Programs In West Bengal, India, Mark Lotto

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Caloric Expenditure As An Indicator Of Access To Water, Jeff La Frenierre Dec 2017

Caloric Expenditure As An Indicator Of Access To Water, Jeff La Frenierre

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Building upon the stated success of the Millennium Development Goal to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water", Goal 6.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SD Gs) aims to "by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all." However, 'access' as currently defined allows for a water source to be outside of the home, by tradition as much as 1 kilometer away. As a result, as many as 2.3 billion people live in households considered to have achieved 'access' but who remain reliant on ...


Empowering Women In The Wash Sector: A Woman's Burden, Yari Greeney, Becky Chanis, Gemma Bulos, Rachel Cardone Dec 2017

Empowering Women In The Wash Sector: A Woman's Burden, Yari Greeney, Becky Chanis, Gemma Bulos, Rachel Cardone

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Arsenic Poisoning In Rural Bangladesh-An Intersectional Analysis Of Impact In Women, Louise Andersson, Dr. Martina Angela Caretta Dec 2017

Arsenic Poisoning In Rural Bangladesh-An Intersectional Analysis Of Impact In Women, Louise Andersson, Dr. Martina Angela Caretta

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Based on a qualitative case study in six arsenic acute villages in southwest Bangladesh, this paper presents the intersectional impact of the arsenic poisoning crisis in rural Bangladesh. Findings indicate that the arsenic poisoning crisis is aggravating existing gender inequalities as well as gender roles and responsibilities. The gender inequalities related to arsenicosis are manifested in the access to health care and in the degree of social stigma: women are the biggest victims, unmarried women in particular. The study shows that multiple axis of oppression as class, disability and age are crucial in determining the magnitude of the arsenic poisoning ...


What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis Nov 2017

What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I use the example of Project Prevention, a nonprofit that incentivizes people with substance abuse problems to not have children, as a launching point to pose a thought experiment. Namely, I consider a hypothetical policy whereby the U.S. government would issue a $5,000 tax credit per year to poor women or couples if they refrain from having a child. I examine several arguments in favor of such a policy, most notably that it produces mutual gains for both parties and is, technically speaking, completely voluntary. I then outline three potential objections to the policy. The ...


Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew Nov 2017

Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the future of the marijuana legalization movement and the prospects of recreational marijuana legalization at the national level. While the marijuana movement has made tremendous strides at the state level over a very short period of time, there remains a debate over whether or not this progress will translate into success federally. First, this paper reviews the literature from the field, the majority of which focuses on whether marijuana ought to be legalized for recreational use in the first place. Despite extensive research, the evidence from the field is far from definitive ...


Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands Nov 2017

Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang Nov 2017

The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I demonstrate that the existing legal frameworks for database protection are inadequate – the American framework under-protects databases, while the European framework over-protects. This paper presents an economic analysis of the current scope of legal protections for databases versus the ideal, with an especial emphasis on the role of intellectual property rights in providing these protections, and concludes with proposals for an ideal system. After an overview of the current systems of legal protections for databases in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), there will be an explanation of how different types of laws (competition ...


Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran Nov 2017

Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo Nov 2017

An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

This paper builds on the debate between Confucianism and human rights first sparked by the Bangkok Declaration of 1993. I show that there is indeed a conflict between Confucianism and human rights, which on the broader level, can be characterized as the conflict between communitarianism and liberalism. These are two particular traditions and in spite of the conflict between them, I show that they can come to complement each other through an intercultural dialogue. The idea of an intercultural dialogue is a response to the inadequate responses of liberals to the fact of multiculturalism, which is a broader implication of ...


Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee Nov 2017

Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Market Design In The Presence Of Repugnancy: A Market For Children, Shane Olaleye Nov 2017

Market Design In The Presence Of Repugnancy: A Market For Children, Shane Olaleye

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

A market-like mechanism for the allocation of children in both the primary market (market for babies) and the secondary market (adoption market) will result in greater social welfare, and hence be more efficient, than the current allocation methods used in practice, even in the face of repugnancy. Since a market for children falls under the realm of repugnant transactions, it is necessary to design a market with enough safeguards to bypass repugnancy while avoiding the excessive regulations that unnecessarily distort the supply and demand pressures of a competitive market. The goal of designing a market for children herein is two-fold ...


The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey Nov 2017

The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In recent years, liberal arts education has faced caustic challenges on the grounds that it is neither a wise investment nor relevant in the modern era. However, these claims disregard the contention that liberal arts education has an intrinsic value that supersedes other tertiary concerns. The benefits of a liberal arts education are certainly comprehensive and apply to all members of society. As such, the inherent merit of the liberal arts must be recognized and supported by the state at all educational levels. The current economic and political environment has made it apparent that anything less will severely undermine the ...


Banal Behavior: A Study Of Non-Choice, Lauren M. Harding Nov 2017

Banal Behavior: A Study Of Non-Choice, Lauren M. Harding

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Both the classical and behavioral models of decision-making fall short of sufficiently explaining irrational individual decisions and paradoxical social phenomena. The theory of non-choice offers a more satisfying account of individual decision-making. A review of the deficiencies in the classical and behavioral models demonstrates the need for a new conception of choice. Drawing upon the philosophies of Hannah Arendt and Immanuel Kant, among others, choice is defined as the alignment of thought, will, and action. Stemming from this new model of choice is the theory of non-choice, defined as either the misalignment of the tripartite decision process or a decision ...


Deliberative Citizenship: The Deliberate Democrats’ Response To The Hegemony Of Classical Liberalism, David Kanter Nov 2017

Deliberative Citizenship: The Deliberate Democrats’ Response To The Hegemony Of Classical Liberalism, David Kanter

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Classical liberalism’s hegemony in the public discourse seems to be based on the fact that it demands and expects so little. Its guiding assumption tell us that people are the same, always and everywhere, and we can get the best by assuming the worst. Let’s just assume humans are simple automatons, it seems to say, and then we can arrive at elegant and simple conclusions about how society works and, more importantly, should work. Humans, then, are rationally self-interested and to get the best outcomes we should let these simple automatons interact in the market. The central point ...


Protected Values, Range Effects, Guilt, And Tradeoff Difficulty In Moral Decision Making, Christopher W. Poliquin Nov 2017

Protected Values, Range Effects, Guilt, And Tradeoff Difficulty In Moral Decision Making, Christopher W. Poliquin

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou Nov 2017

Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Despotic Fragment: A Critique Of The Traditional Account Of The Relationship Between The Different Internal Principles Of Action And The Various Parts Of The Soul, Julian Urrutia Nov 2017

The Despotic Fragment: A Critique Of The Traditional Account Of The Relationship Between The Different Internal Principles Of Action And The Various Parts Of The Soul, Julian Urrutia

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Dynamics Of Self Control, Bret Wallace Nov 2017

The Dynamics Of Self Control, Bret Wallace

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Intent Concerning Morality And Justice And The Particular Differences Between Morality And Justice, G. Colin Emerle Nov 2017

Intent Concerning Morality And Justice And The Particular Differences Between Morality And Justice, G. Colin Emerle

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Broken Books, Debra Taylor Cashion Oct 2017

Broken Books, Debra Taylor Cashion

Manuscript Studies

Broken Books is a digital humanities project built collaboratively between Pius XII Memorial Library and the Center for Digital Humanities of Saint Louis University. The goal of the Broken Books is to offer a digital solution to the problem of studying detached leaves from premodern manuscripts. Using online images, descriptive metadata, and nimble digital tools for relating these, Broken Books provides allows any researcher to manage a reconstruction project that also permits outside users to add images and information to it. Although still under development, Broken Books will encourage new contributions to manuscripts studies by facilitating the reconstruction of manuscripts ...


The Bibale Database At The Irht: A Digital Tool For Researching Manuscript Provenance, Hanno Wijsman Oct 2017

The Bibale Database At The Irht: A Digital Tool For Researching Manuscript Provenance, Hanno Wijsman

Manuscript Studies

The Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes (IRHT) in Paris makes available a series of specialized electronic tools on medieval manuscripts, among which is Bibale, a database that aims to trace the provenance of medieval manuscripts and to reconstruct historic book collections from the medieval and early modern periods. This article explains the history, scope, and present state of this database and its links with several other tools, among which are the image repository Bibliothèque virtuelle des manuscrits médiévaux (BVMM) and the Biblissima project that is working on interoperability of a series of French digital humanities projects concerning ...


Manuscripts Of Sir Thomas Phillipps In North American Institutions, Toby Burrows Oct 2017

Manuscripts Of Sir Thomas Phillipps In North American Institutions, Toby Burrows

Manuscript Studies

The manuscript collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps was almost certainly the largest private collection ever assembled. Its dispersal during the century after his death in 1872 scattered his manuscripts into public and private collections around the world. These included many collections in North America, several of which now count former Phillipps manuscripts among their greatest treasures. This paper examines the extent to which Phillipps manuscripts are now held in institutional collections in North America and traces the history of their acquisition.


Canons, Huguenots, Movie Stars, And Missionaries: A Breviary's Journey From Le Mans To Reno, Lisa Fagin Davis Oct 2017

Canons, Huguenots, Movie Stars, And Missionaries: A Breviary's Journey From Le Mans To Reno, Lisa Fagin Davis

Manuscript Studies

This essay traces the journey of a breviary from the cathedral of Le Mans to the University of Nevada at Reno (ND2895.R46 U65 1400z). Liturgical evidence situates the original provenance of the University of Nevada manuscript securely in Le Mans and argues it was intended for display in a niche in the cathedral wall until 1562 when Huguenots sacked Le Mans. Although no definitive evidence of the manuscript is provided in the inventory made by the canons for the purpose of restitution, the manuscript does provide evidence for subsequent ownership. A nineteenth-century document pastedown on the back cover suggests ...


Medieval Origins Revealed By Modern Provenance: The Case Of The Bywater Missal, Peter Kidd Oct 2017

Medieval Origins Revealed By Modern Provenance: The Case Of The Bywater Missal, Peter Kidd

Manuscript Studies

This essay works backwards and forwards from a few known points in the history of an early 13th-century illuminated missal at the Bodleian Library (MS. Bywater adds. 2), eventually filling-in the gaps to establish an unbroken chain of provenance from the present day back to the creation of the manuscript at the Cistercian abbey of Pontigny within about five years of 1208.


The Linked Collections Of William Bragge (1823-1884) Of Birmingham And Dr. Thomas Shadford Walker (1834-1885) Of Liverpool, William P. Stoneman Oct 2017

The Linked Collections Of William Bragge (1823-1884) Of Birmingham And Dr. Thomas Shadford Walker (1834-1885) Of Liverpool, William P. Stoneman

Manuscript Studies

The Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts can be used not only to track the provenance of individual manuscripts, but also to uncover larger patterns in multiple provenance strings of manuscripts. For example, does an individual auction sale or bookseller’s catalogue have any discernable influence on the acquisitions made by a collector or institution? Or is the publication of a collection or exhibition catalogue preceded or followed by any discernable pattern of acquisition activity? This paper explores patterns of acquisition, exhibition and sale associated with the collections of William Bragge (1823-1884) of Sheffield and Dr. T. Shadford Walker (1834-1885) of Liverpool ...


"The Butcher’S Bill”: Using The Schoenberg Database To Reverse-Engineer Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Books From Constituent Fragments, Eric Johnson, Scott J. Gwara Oct 2017

"The Butcher’S Bill”: Using The Schoenberg Database To Reverse-Engineer Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Books From Constituent Fragments, Eric Johnson, Scott J. Gwara

Manuscript Studies

Medieval manuscripts are perishable objects. Whether they have degraded over time through constant use and exposure to the elements or been deliberately cut up to be reused in other fashions or sold on the collectors’ market, the fragments produced by these destructive circumstances still have much to tell modern scholars about the medieval codices of which they were once a part. Through a series of six case studies focusing on a disparate array of fragments, this essay demonstrates how scholars can use the University of Pennsylvania’s Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts to help recover the hidden histories of fragmentary manuscripts.