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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Creating Connection Between Individuals And Teams: Understanding Human Biology And Psychology For High Performance, Nicole Kett Dec 2018

Creating Connection Between Individuals And Teams: Understanding Human Biology And Psychology For High Performance, Nicole Kett

Master of Philosophy in Organizational Dynamics Theses

This capstone is a result of four questions formulated around a central theme focused on understanding what it is that makes teams and environments high performing today, and additionally, how leaders connect with others in order to set high performing environments. In the first question (Chapter 2), exploration of our human biology shows our genetics are wired for connection and collaboration although this may be in contradiction with many aspects of American society today. The second question (Chapter 3) explored human motivation. Instead of understanding the individual, we have to look further to understand how the cues from the environment ...


Be More: Buffering Against Gender Stereotypes By Building Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Erica Mohr Sep 2018

Be More: Buffering Against Gender Stereotypes By Building Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Erica Mohr

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Research shows that organizations perform better when women are represented on senior leadership teams. Yet women are not rising to the highest ranks of leadership at equivalent rates as men. Gender stereotypes negatively influence women’s self-efficacy, the internal beliefs of what they are capable of. Women hold themselves back when they respond to these low self-efficacy beliefs, by not aspiring, not applying, not asking, and not acting. This paper explores current leadership gap data and the consequences of the disparity between men and women in leadership roles. Next, the paper describes how stereotypes can create the underlying problem: limiting ...


Positive Design: A Positive Psychology Workout For Design Thinkers, Kathryn S. Wessling Aug 2018

Positive Design: A Positive Psychology Workout For Design Thinkers, Kathryn S. Wessling

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Design Thinking is a creative process of innovation which is motivated by the empathic understanding of the person for whom the innovation is it intended to serve (i.e., the user). While the intention is to enhance the wellbeing of the user, it is likely that the process improves the wellbeing of those doing the innovating (i.e., the designer). While empirical research has yet to statistically test this hypothesis, evidence from positive psychology, the science of human thriving, provides insights into how this is possible. With the primary emphasis on the designer’s wellbeing, greater flourishing occurs within the ...


Positive Shabbat Dinner: An Effective Positive Intervention To Increase Well-Being, Tracey Pearl Specter Aug 2018

Positive Shabbat Dinner: An Effective Positive Intervention To Increase Well-Being, Tracey Pearl Specter

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Shabbat (Sabbath) is the most important holiday in Judaism. It is a time of joy, rest and reflection, separate from the other days of the week. Jews celebrate Shabbat in many different ways, depending on one’s denomination within Judaism, family rituals and customs. Engaging in weekly Shabbat dinners is one way to celebrate Shabbat. From a positive psychology perspective, Shabbat dinners are a means to increase well-being. Looking at Shabbat dinner through a “Shabbat mindset” brings new meaning to the experience. By examining psychological theories and research, such as positive emotions and self-determination, it seems that Shabbat dinner is ...


Critical Theory And Social Media: Alternatives And The New Sensibility, Philippe E. Becker Marcano May 2018

Critical Theory And Social Media: Alternatives And The New Sensibility, Philippe E. Becker Marcano

Honors Theses (PPE)

Social media platforms are technological communication tools that dominate our social relationships. As we increasingly notice how little control we have over these platforms and how much influence they have on our behavior, the search for alternatives becomes even more pressing. Critical theory is a practical and theoretical framework we can use to develop a qualitative critique of social media platforms, in extension to the large body of work that addresses the quantitatively measurable effects of the platforms. The internet was originally conceived as a space that would open a more communitarian future, but now it has been reduced to ...


"Itfannan": The Case For A Public Art Committee In The City Of Amman, Zein Zu'bi May 2018

"Itfannan": The Case For A Public Art Committee In The City Of Amman, Zein Zu'bi

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Los seres humanos somos por naturaleza artistas, por ende, el origen del arte comienza con el origen de la humanidad. No cabe una duda que el arte es importante en la sociedad. Una sociedad privilegiada con una infraestructura de arte bien desarrollada – la cual le ofrece a la gente la oportunidad de visitar museos, galerías, exposiciones, instalaciones publicas (tanto permanentes como temporales), y participar en programas de arte – se ve más dispuesta a expresarse, y a exponerse a nuevas ideas y a escuchar las de los otros.

Seria un crimen negarles a los individuos de una sociedad la oportunidad de ...


Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, Susanne Ryuyin Kerekes, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, Susanne Ryuyin Kerekes, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

This article provides a brief survey of public collections of Thai manuscripts held in the United States, which is home to roughly 650 Thai manuscripts. Of the twenty institutions that house Thai manuscripts, the following five are highlighted in this article: the Asian Art Museum, the University of California at Berkeley, the New York Public Library, Princeton University Libraries, and the Walters Art Museum. The second half of this article details a few key manuscripts held at the University of Pennsylvania: the Abhidhamma chet Kamphi, one book of the Phra ‘Aphaimanī epic, and a rare set of royal decrees. In ...


The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

This article demonstrates the importance of the Chester Beatty Library’s collection of Thai manuscripts and more broadly highlights the importance of including the study of Ireland in the history of the study of Asia. I hope it also encourages future scholars to look to Ireland when writing the intellectual history of exchange between Asia and Europe. Even though Ireland was not a colonizing power, indeed, it was colonized for most of its pre-modern history, its libraries and museums attest to a people that spread far and wide across the globe sometimes as a point of necessity and sometimes in ...


Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, Toshiya Unebe May 2018

Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, Toshiya Unebe

Manuscript Studies

In this chapter, the textual contents of the illustrated samut khoi-s in Thailand, are examined. Samut khoi manuscripts are an important resource for the study of Siamese and Buddhist literature in the 18th and 19th centuries. Samut khoi-s are divided into two groups. Both groups use a script called “Khom” (อักษรขอม), but one group uses a thin character set, and the other a thick and calligraphic character set. The chief text of eighteenth century samut khoi-s, the Mahābuddhaguṇa, shows what great importance Thai Buddhists attached to the Buddha-anussati, the recollection of the Buddha. In the 19th century, there was ...


Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, Peter Skilling, Santi Pakdeekham May 2018

Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, Peter Skilling, Santi Pakdeekham

Manuscript Studies

The article discusses illuminated manuscripts of Central Thailand, dealing with the different formats and different scripts (Khom, Thai, and Mon) used for different purposes, and their eventual evolution to print technology. We focus on manuscripts from Wat Pak Khlong, Phetchaburi, and illustrate examples from its small but precious organic collection. The themes of the illustrations are both narrative and non-narrative. The narratives, such as the story of the thaumaturge monk Phra Malai, are didactic. The non-narrative paintings might be described as simply decorative, but they draw on a rich animal lore that is detailed in scholastic literature. The texts recorded ...


Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, Claudio Cicuzza May 2018

Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, Claudio Cicuzza

Manuscript Studies

In this article I present a short description of the three illuminated Thai manuscripts kept in one of the libraries of the University of Naples “L’Orientale”, the Biblioteca Maurizio Taddei. These three manuscripts contain various Buddhist jātakas and also non-canonical works, in Pali and in Thai. They are adorned with beautiful depicted images which have been here reproduced.


Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, Barend Jan Terwiel May 2018

Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, Barend Jan Terwiel

Manuscript Studies

Finding Thai manuscripts in German museums and libraries is a daunting exercise. There are eight national libraries, twenty-five state libraries, and about eighty university libraries. As for the museums, of the thirty-nine ethnological museums, there are at least fourteen with collections that include objects from Asia. The standard publications on Thai material are both incomplete and out of date.

This paper centers upon the collectors, beginning with August the Strong, who in 1728 acquired a Thai scroll. A century later, there began a steady trickle of acquisitions. Details of how Thai manuscripts came to Germany are presented for the century ...


Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, Jana Igunma May 2018

Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, Jana Igunma

Manuscript Studies

Over half a thousand Thai manuscripts are currently being held in British institutions, with the largest collection at the British Library. Other important collections are at the Wellcome Library, the Royal Asiatic Society, the Bodleian Library and the John Rylands Library.

Thai manuscripts and historic documents first came to Britain as a result of trade contacts, and documents from the earliest period include official letters and materials received from Thai counterparts. Manuscripts were also brought from Thailand by missionaries, travelers, traders, and officers of the India Office stationed in Burma, others were systematically collected by educators and scholars with a ...


Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

No abstract provided.


Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino May 2018

Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino

Honors Theses (PPE)

At its core, this project analyzes the interactions between state non-discrimination laws and the socioeconomic status of same-sex households in the United States. There is a large body of work examining the earnings gap for sexual minorities, but there is a dearth in studies looking at the effect of such protective laws. Using annual American Community Survey (ACS) data from 2000 to 2016, we examine the personal total income, household income, and unemployment in the ten states experiencing relevant reform. This study has two main findings. First, we confirm that sexual minorities experience substantial earnings differences, finding that lesbian women ...


Ms. Codex 238: The Foundling: A Tragedy, Martin Earl Smith May 2018

Ms. Codex 238: The Foundling: A Tragedy, Martin Earl Smith

Transcription Collection

The Foundling: A Tragedy. Both a raw and a critical transcription (edited for performance) of a play, composed c 1803-1810 by a Scottish teenager, discussing the issues of bastard children, abortion, honor, and the Scottish nobility.


Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez Apr 2018

Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez

Honors Theses (PPE)

Does our perception of corruption affect our interactions? This question was answered through an experimental survey of 90 participants and the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) from Transparency International’s 2017 Report. The survey revealed that those who were categorized as low-corrupt with an above average CPI exhibited altruism towards individuals from perceived high-corrupt regions but discriminated negatively against them when restrictions were placed on the interaction. In the experiment, participants were allowed to give any amount between zero and six dollars in both games. Altruism was measured through the dictator game and low-corrupt participants were found to give one dollar ...


In Defense Of Milgram Experiments, Adam Chernew Apr 2018

In Defense Of Milgram Experiments, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In the early 1960s, social psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted a series of studies at Yale University in which he measured the willingness of subjects to obey an authority figure (the experimenter) who instructed them to administer electrical shocks to a confederate under the guise that the experiment was testing the effects of punishment on learning. Although the electrical shocks were fake, these famous obedience experiments are, to this day, recognized as some of the most controversial psychology experiments of all time. While Milgram's experiments yielded seemingly profound insight about human obedience to authority, many in his field were quick ...


Negotiating Moral Luck, Jack Cody Apr 2018

Negotiating Moral Luck, Jack Cody

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this essay, I intend to elucidate Thomas Nagel's radical concept of moral luck and the unnerving philosophical paradox that inevitably arises when it is stripped to its essence: in pursuit of a method of fair moral assessment, we approach the possibility that nothing and no one can be aptly judged on moral grounds. I analyze some refutations to this troubling paradox, including Susan Wolf's promising rejection of the subcategory of consequential luck due to the existence of a proposed "nameless virtue." In light of these refutations and Nagel's and Bernard Williams' musings on moral luck, I ...


Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson Apr 2018

Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine in what ways capital-B Bitcoin, the system, and lower-b bitcoin, the unit of account, are or are not money. Bitcoin is the largest, by market capitalization, financial asset labeled "cryptocurrency" and the first decentralized digital currency. The paper canvasses the academic, business and technical literature to scrutinize the validity of this neologism's implied equivalency to money as a concept, system and artifact from historical, economic, political, teleological, theoretical and functional perspectives. The author(s) of Bitcoin invented blockchain, that is a shared, decentralized, time stamped, public ledger, to solve the problem ...


Guide To The Henry Charles Lea Microfilm Collection, University Of Pennsylvania Libraries Apr 2018

Guide To The Henry Charles Lea Microfilm Collection, University Of Pennsylvania Libraries

Collection Materials

The Henry Charles Lea Library Microfilm Collection is a composite of archival manuscript and printed material gathered by Kenneth M. Setton during his tenure as Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania. As such the collection reflects the contours of his research in Levantine diplomatic relations with Byzantium and the Papacy, as well as the Crusades. As a result, the collection contains only selected portions of major archival series, isolated source texts, as well as assorted miscellanies.


House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger Mar 2018

House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger

Honors Theses (PPE)

While over 20 states considered so-called bathroom bills between 2013-2016, only one state, North Carolina, passed one - in the form of House Bill 2. House Bill 2 modified North Carolina’s non-discrimination legislation, as well as restricting access to multi-user restrooms on the basis of sex designated on one’s birth certificate, which would require some transgender men to use the women’s restroom. The debate between those for and against HB2 raged in the press, the legal system, and finally at the ballot box. An analysis of the first two months of coverage indicates how frames were used by ...


Multivariate Comparison Of Experts' Versus Users' Reviews Online, Mariana Repsold Jan 2018

Multivariate Comparison Of Experts' Versus Users' Reviews Online, Mariana Repsold

Joseph Wharton Scholars

This study aims to compare and contrast professional critics’ movie reviews with those of general public users’ to understand the differences and similarities between both and its effect. This will allow better informed decisions to be made highlighting when and for what ends the use of each type is more appropriate. This study analyzes length, ease of reading, sentiment analysis, main topics, emotional tones and the effect of time to evaluate the reviews. All the data used in this study pertains to the movie Avatar and was obtained from the IMDb movie database online. The research conducted found that while ...


Editorial: "Complex Religion: Intersections Of Religion And Inequality", Melissa J. Wilde Jan 2018

Editorial: "Complex Religion: Intersections Of Religion And Inequality", Melissa J. Wilde

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

What is complex religion and how does it relate to social inclusion? Complex religion is a theory which posits that religion intersects with inequality, especially class, race, ethnicity and gender. The nine articles in this volume examine a wide array of ways that religion intersects with inequality, and how, as a result, it can create barriers to social inclusion. The issue begins with three articles that examine the role of religion and its intersection with race and racialization processes. It then moves to three articles that examine religion’s intersection with socioeconomic inequality. The issue closes with three studies of ...


From Eugenicists To Family Planners: America's Religious Promoters Of Contraception, Melissa J. Wilde, Kajaiyaiu Hopkins Jan 2018

From Eugenicists To Family Planners: America's Religious Promoters Of Contraception, Melissa J. Wilde, Kajaiyaiu Hopkins

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Early proponents of contraception among American religious groups were staunch eugenicists who promoted birth control in the hopes of curtailing the "runaway fertility" of poor Catholic and Jewish immigrants. By the early 1930s, their campaign to legalize contraception was largely successful, but eugenicists would soon go from being a sign of progressive politics and enlightened scientific understanding to a dirty word associated with Hitler. By examining the statements of all of the early liberalizers on contraception from 1920 to 1965, this paper demonstrates that although these groups purged their statements on contraception of the word eugenics by the end of ...


Modern Evolution Of The Chinese Bond Market, Chirag D. Manyapu Jan 2018

Modern Evolution Of The Chinese Bond Market, Chirag D. Manyapu

Wharton Research Scholars

This paper examines the evolution of the Chinese bond market from its conception to present day with a primary emphasis on current reforms. China has had immense growth since it first implemented its liberalization policies in the 1970s, but in order to sustain this growth the country has to continually find new ways to develop capital. China’s financial system is relatively obscure with not much data or public information out there and especially with regard to the country’s relatively newer bond market. That being said there have been significant changes in China’s economic policies in recent years ...


How Beliefs Are Like Colors, Devin Sanchez Curry Jan 2018

How Beliefs Are Like Colors, Devin Sanchez Curry

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Teresa believes in God. Maggie’s wife believes that the Earth is flat, and also that Maggie should be home from work by now. Anouk—a cat—believes it is dinner time. This dissertation is about what believing is: it concerns what, exactly, ordinary people are attributing to Teresa, Maggie’s wife, and Anouk when affirming that they are believers. Part I distinguishes the attitudes of belief that people attribute to each other (and other animals) in ordinary life from the cognitive states of belief theoretically posited by (some) cognitive scientists. Part II defends the view that to have an ...


Monumental Routes: Movement And The Built Environment At Iron Age Gordion, Lucas Stephens Jan 2018

Monumental Routes: Movement And The Built Environment At Iron Age Gordion, Lucas Stephens

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The archaeological site of Gordion, or Yassıhöyük, located at the confluence of the Sakarya and Porsuk Rivers in central Turkey, is best known as the capital city of the Phrygian King Midas and is essential to understanding the Iron Age on the Anatolian Plateau. One hundred burial mounds (or tumuli) dot the landscape around Gordion’s Citadel Mound, of which 43 have been excavated. The vast majority of those date to the Iron Age, between 850 and 530 BCE. Thus far, they have mainly been studied as burial assemblages, and little research has been conducted on the mounds as archaeological ...


Building The Hive: Corporate Personality Testing, Self-Development, And Humanistic Management In Postwar America, 1945-2000, Matthew J. Hoffarth Jan 2018

Building The Hive: Corporate Personality Testing, Self-Development, And Humanistic Management In Postwar America, 1945-2000, Matthew J. Hoffarth

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation explores the creation, distribution, and use of five personality tests found extensively in corporate America from the mid-1940s to the end of the 20th century. The management techniques in which these tests—the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, California Psychological Inventory, Thematic Apperception Test, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Stanford Shyness Survey—were embedded helped create a corporate environment that seemed at once more considerate of individual differences in personality and behavior and yet somehow also more constraining in the ways people were encouraged to live and work both inside and outside the office. In light of this tension, the problem ...


The Sisterhood: Black Women, Black Feminism, And The Women's Liberation Movement, Saraellen Strongman Jan 2018

The Sisterhood: Black Women, Black Feminism, And The Women's Liberation Movement, Saraellen Strongman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, “The Sisterhood: Black Women, Black Feminism, and the Women’s Liberation Movement” traces the development of second-wave Black feminism as an intellectual and activist tradition in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s. Drawing on published and unpublished literary and academic works and extensive archival materials including personal correspondence, I argue that a cohort of Black women novelists, poets, critics, and academics used their work and social networks to build a distinct Black feminist movement while simultaneously imagining and producing new possibilities for political and personal relationships with individual white women and the larger feminist movement.

This ...