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Articles 1 - 30 of 2465

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis Nov 2017

What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I use the example of Project Prevention, a nonprofit that incentivizes people with substance abuse problems to not have children, as a launching point to pose a thought experiment. Namely, I consider a hypothetical policy whereby the U.S. government would issue a $5,000 tax credit per year to poor women or couples if they refrain from having a child. I examine several arguments in favor of such a policy, most notably that it produces mutual gains for both parties and is, technically speaking, completely voluntary. I then outline three potential objections to the policy. The ...


Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew Nov 2017

Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the future of the marijuana legalization movement and the prospects of recreational marijuana legalization at the national level. While the marijuana movement has made tremendous strides at the state level over a very short period of time, there remains a debate over whether or not this progress will translate into success federally. First, this paper reviews the literature from the field, the majority of which focuses on whether marijuana ought to be legalized for recreational use in the first place. Despite extensive research, the evidence from the field is far from definitive ...


Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands Nov 2017

Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang Nov 2017

The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I demonstrate that the existing legal frameworks for database protection are inadequate – the American framework under-protects databases, while the European framework over-protects. This paper presents an economic analysis of the current scope of legal protections for databases versus the ideal, with an especial emphasis on the role of intellectual property rights in providing these protections, and concludes with proposals for an ideal system. After an overview of the current systems of legal protections for databases in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), there will be an explanation of how different types of laws (competition ...


Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran Nov 2017

Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo Nov 2017

An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

This paper builds on the debate between Confucianism and human rights first sparked by the Bangkok Declaration of 1993. I show that there is indeed a conflict between Confucianism and human rights, which on the broader level, can be characterized as the conflict between communitarianism and liberalism. These are two particular traditions and in spite of the conflict between them, I show that they can come to complement each other through an intercultural dialogue. The idea of an intercultural dialogue is a response to the inadequate responses of liberals to the fact of multiculturalism, which is a broader implication of ...


Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee Nov 2017

Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Market Design In The Presence Of Repugnancy: A Market For Children, Shane Olaleye Nov 2017

Market Design In The Presence Of Repugnancy: A Market For Children, Shane Olaleye

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

A market-like mechanism for the allocation of children in both the primary market (market for babies) and the secondary market (adoption market) will result in greater social welfare, and hence be more efficient, than the current allocation methods used in practice, even in the face of repugnancy. Since a market for children falls under the realm of repugnant transactions, it is necessary to design a market with enough safeguards to bypass repugnancy while avoiding the excessive regulations that unnecessarily distort the supply and demand pressures of a competitive market. The goal of designing a market for children herein is two-fold ...


The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey Nov 2017

The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In recent years, liberal arts education has faced caustic challenges on the grounds that it is neither a wise investment nor relevant in the modern era. However, these claims disregard the contention that liberal arts education has an intrinsic value that supersedes other tertiary concerns. The benefits of a liberal arts education are certainly comprehensive and apply to all members of society. As such, the inherent merit of the liberal arts must be recognized and supported by the state at all educational levels. The current economic and political environment has made it apparent that anything less will severely undermine the ...


Banal Behavior: A Study Of Non-Choice, Lauren M. Harding Nov 2017

Banal Behavior: A Study Of Non-Choice, Lauren M. Harding

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Both the classical and behavioral models of decision-making fall short of sufficiently explaining irrational individual decisions and paradoxical social phenomena. The theory of non-choice offers a more satisfying account of individual decision-making. A review of the deficiencies in the classical and behavioral models demonstrates the need for a new conception of choice. Drawing upon the philosophies of Hannah Arendt and Immanuel Kant, among others, choice is defined as the alignment of thought, will, and action. Stemming from this new model of choice is the theory of non-choice, defined as either the misalignment of the tripartite decision process or a decision ...


Deliberative Citizenship: The Deliberate Democrats’ Response To The Hegemony Of Classical Liberalism, David Kanter Nov 2017

Deliberative Citizenship: The Deliberate Democrats’ Response To The Hegemony Of Classical Liberalism, David Kanter

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Classical liberalism’s hegemony in the public discourse seems to be based on the fact that it demands and expects so little. Its guiding assumption tell us that people are the same, always and everywhere, and we can get the best by assuming the worst. Let’s just assume humans are simple automatons, it seems to say, and then we can arrive at elegant and simple conclusions about how society works and, more importantly, should work. Humans, then, are rationally self-interested and to get the best outcomes we should let these simple automatons interact in the market. The central point ...


Protected Values, Range Effects, Guilt, And Tradeoff Difficulty In Moral Decision Making, Christopher W. Poliquin Nov 2017

Protected Values, Range Effects, Guilt, And Tradeoff Difficulty In Moral Decision Making, Christopher W. Poliquin

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou Nov 2017

Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Despotic Fragment: A Critique Of The Traditional Account Of The Relationship Between The Different Internal Principles Of Action And The Various Parts Of The Soul, Julian Urrutia Nov 2017

The Despotic Fragment: A Critique Of The Traditional Account Of The Relationship Between The Different Internal Principles Of Action And The Various Parts Of The Soul, Julian Urrutia

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Dynamics Of Self Control, Bret Wallace Nov 2017

The Dynamics Of Self Control, Bret Wallace

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Intent Concerning Morality And Justice And The Particular Differences Between Morality And Justice, G. Colin Emerle Nov 2017

Intent Concerning Morality And Justice And The Particular Differences Between Morality And Justice, G. Colin Emerle

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Broken Books, Debra Taylor Cashion Oct 2017

Broken Books, Debra Taylor Cashion

Manuscript Studies

Broken Books is a digital humanities project built collaboratively between Pius XII Memorial Library and the Center for Digital Humanities of Saint Louis University. The goal of the Broken Books is to offer a digital solution to the problem of studying detached leaves from premodern manuscripts. Using online images, descriptive metadata, and nimble digital tools for relating these, Broken Books provides allows any researcher to manage a reconstruction project that also permits outside users to add images and information to it. Although still under development, Broken Books will encourage new contributions to manuscripts studies by facilitating the reconstruction of manuscripts ...


The Bibale Database At The Irht: A Digital Tool For Researching Manuscript Provenance, Hanno Wijsman Oct 2017

The Bibale Database At The Irht: A Digital Tool For Researching Manuscript Provenance, Hanno Wijsman

Manuscript Studies

The Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes (IRHT) in Paris makes available a series of specialized electronic tools on medieval manuscripts, among which is Bibale, a database that aims to trace the provenance of medieval manuscripts and to reconstruct historic book collections from the medieval and early modern periods. This article explains the history, scope, and present state of this database and its links with several other tools, among which are the image repository Bibliothèque virtuelle des manuscrits médiévaux (BVMM) and the Biblissima project that is working on interoperability of a series of French digital humanities projects concerning ...


Manuscripts Of Sir Thomas Phillipps In North American Institutions, Toby Burrows Oct 2017

Manuscripts Of Sir Thomas Phillipps In North American Institutions, Toby Burrows

Manuscript Studies

The manuscript collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps was almost certainly the largest private collection ever assembled. Its dispersal during the century after his death in 1872 scattered his manuscripts into public and private collections around the world. These included many collections in North America, several of which now count former Phillipps manuscripts among their greatest treasures. This paper examines the extent to which Phillipps manuscripts are now held in institutional collections in North America and traces the history of their acquisition.


Canons, Huguenots, Movie Stars, And Missionaries: A Breviary's Journey From Le Mans To Reno, Lisa Fagin Davis Oct 2017

Canons, Huguenots, Movie Stars, And Missionaries: A Breviary's Journey From Le Mans To Reno, Lisa Fagin Davis

Manuscript Studies

This essay traces the journey of a breviary from the cathedral of Le Mans to the University of Nevada at Reno (ND2895.R46 U65 1400z). Liturgical evidence situates the original provenance of the University of Nevada manuscript securely in Le Mans and argues it was intended for display in a niche in the cathedral wall until 1562 when Huguenots sacked Le Mans. Although no definitive evidence of the manuscript is provided in the inventory made by the canons for the purpose of restitution, the manuscript does provide evidence for subsequent ownership. A nineteenth-century document pastedown on the back cover suggests ...


Medieval Origins Revealed By Modern Provenance: The Case Of The Bywater Missal, Peter Kidd Oct 2017

Medieval Origins Revealed By Modern Provenance: The Case Of The Bywater Missal, Peter Kidd

Manuscript Studies

This essay works backwards and forwards from a few known points in the history of an early 13th-century illuminated missal at the Bodleian Library (MS. Bywater adds. 2), eventually filling-in the gaps to establish an unbroken chain of provenance from the present day back to the creation of the manuscript at the Cistercian abbey of Pontigny within about five years of 1208.


The Linked Collections Of William Bragge (1823-1884) Of Birmingham And Dr. Thomas Shadford Walker (1834-1885) Of Liverpool, William P. Stoneman Oct 2017

The Linked Collections Of William Bragge (1823-1884) Of Birmingham And Dr. Thomas Shadford Walker (1834-1885) Of Liverpool, William P. Stoneman

Manuscript Studies

The Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts can be used not only to track the provenance of individual manuscripts, but also to uncover larger patterns in multiple provenance strings of manuscripts. For example, does an individual auction sale or bookseller’s catalogue have any discernable influence on the acquisitions made by a collector or institution? Or is the publication of a collection or exhibition catalogue preceded or followed by any discernable pattern of acquisition activity? This paper explores patterns of acquisition, exhibition and sale associated with the collections of William Bragge (1823-1884) of Sheffield and Dr. T. Shadford Walker (1834-1885) of Liverpool ...


"The Butcher’S Bill”: Using The Schoenberg Database To Reverse-Engineer Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Books From Constituent Fragments, Eric Johnson, Scott J. Gwara Oct 2017

"The Butcher’S Bill”: Using The Schoenberg Database To Reverse-Engineer Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Books From Constituent Fragments, Eric Johnson, Scott J. Gwara

Manuscript Studies

Medieval manuscripts are perishable objects. Whether they have degraded over time through constant use and exposure to the elements or been deliberately cut up to be reused in other fashions or sold on the collectors’ market, the fragments produced by these destructive circumstances still have much to tell modern scholars about the medieval codices of which they were once a part. Through a series of six case studies focusing on a disparate array of fragments, this essay demonstrates how scholars can use the University of Pennsylvania’s Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts to help recover the hidden histories of fragmentary manuscripts.


From Sinai To California: The Trajectory Of Greek Nt Codex 712 From The Ucla Young Research Library’S Special Collections (170/347), Julia Verkholantsev Oct 2017

From Sinai To California: The Trajectory Of Greek Nt Codex 712 From The Ucla Young Research Library’S Special Collections (170/347), Julia Verkholantsev

Manuscript Studies

The eleventh- or twelfth-century parchment codex 170/347 is one of the rarities archived in the UCLA Young Research Library Special Collections. It has much to offer to a student of paleography: illuminations, a scribe’s colophon, calligraphic minuscule script, later inscriptions and modifications, inserted paper quires, missing folia, study notes, and even a cryptographic table. One of the most fascinating aspects of this New-Testament-turned-lectionary manuscript, however, is its history as a world traveler, for the most part incognito. Although the manuscript’s mysterious disappearance from St. Catherine’s metochion in Cairo obscured its trajectory, the analysis of its graffiti ...


“Safe From Destruction By Fire”: Isabella Stewart Gardner’S Venetian Manuscripts, Anne-Marie Eze Oct 2017

“Safe From Destruction By Fire”: Isabella Stewart Gardner’S Venetian Manuscripts, Anne-Marie Eze

Manuscript Studies

The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston houses over thirty Venetian manuscripts dating from the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries. They comprise official documents issued by the Doges; histories of the Republic of Venice, its government, and the patriciate; diplomas; and a statute book of a lay confraternity. Most volumes contain complete and dated texts, are illuminated, and survive in their original bindings. The collection, therefore, charts the evolution over three centuries of Venetian book production, and provides a wealth of sources for the study of Venetian history, portraiture, iconography, genealogy, and heraldry.

Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840–1924) purchased many of ...


Joseph Holland And The Idea Of The Chaucerian Book, Megan L. Cook Oct 2017

Joseph Holland And The Idea Of The Chaucerian Book, Megan L. Cook

Manuscript Studies

The antiquarian Joseph Holland (d. 1605) owned a large, but damaged, Chaucerian manuscript from the early fifteenth century (now Cambridge University Library Gg.4.27). Holland recognized in the manuscript an effort to construct a collection based on Chaucerian authorship, and he repaired and added to it using a copy of the 1598 printed edition of Chaucer's collected Works. From this edition, he took not only the text of Chaucer's poems, but paratextual materials as well, including a glossary, biographical information, and a frontispiece. His activities reveal how a distinctly post-medieval understanding of what the collected works of ...


Collecting Histories, Lynn Ransom Oct 2017

Collecting Histories, Lynn Ransom

Manuscript Studies

No abstract provided.


Strawsonian Critique Of Entitlement, Brian Savage Oct 2017

Strawsonian Critique Of Entitlement, Brian Savage

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Rehabilitation Or Redistribution, Sara Bertozzi Oct 2017

Rehabilitation Or Redistribution, Sara Bertozzi

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Thirsty Third World: How Land Grabs Are Leaving Ethiopia In The Dust, Emily Ingebretsen Oct 2017

A Thirsty Third World: How Land Grabs Are Leaving Ethiopia In The Dust, Emily Ingebretsen

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.