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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, Susanne Ryuyin Kerekes, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, Susanne Ryuyin Kerekes, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

This article provides a brief survey of public collections of Thai manuscripts held in the United States, which is home to roughly 650 Thai manuscripts. Of the twenty institutions that house Thai manuscripts, the following five are highlighted in this article: the Asian Art Museum, the University of California at Berkeley, the New York Public Library, Princeton University Libraries, and the Walters Art Museum. The second half of this article details a few key manuscripts held at the University of Pennsylvania: the Abhidhamma chet Kamphi, one book of the Phra ‘Aphaimanī epic, and a rare set of royal decrees. In ...


The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

This article demonstrates the importance of the Chester Beatty Library’s collection of Thai manuscripts and more broadly highlights the importance of including the study of Ireland in the history of the study of Asia. I hope it also encourages future scholars to look to Ireland when writing the intellectual history of exchange between Asia and Europe. Even though Ireland was not a colonizing power, indeed, it was colonized for most of its pre-modern history, its libraries and museums attest to a people that spread far and wide across the globe sometimes as a point of necessity and sometimes in ...


Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, Toshiya Unebe May 2018

Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, Toshiya Unebe

Manuscript Studies

In this chapter, the textual contents of the illustrated samut khoi-s in Thailand, are examined. Samut khoi manuscripts are an important resource for the study of Siamese and Buddhist literature in the 18th and 19th centuries. Samut khoi-s are divided into two groups. Both groups use a script called “Khom” (อักษรขอม), but one group uses a thin character set, and the other a thick and calligraphic character set. The chief text of eighteenth century samut khoi-s, the Mahābuddhaguṇa, shows what great importance Thai Buddhists attached to the Buddha-anussati, the recollection of the Buddha. In the 19th century, there was ...


Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, Peter Skilling, Santi Pakdeekham May 2018

Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, Peter Skilling, Santi Pakdeekham

Manuscript Studies

The article discusses illuminated manuscripts of Central Thailand, dealing with the different formats and different scripts (Khom, Thai, and Mon) used for different purposes, and their eventual evolution to print technology. We focus on manuscripts from Wat Pak Khlong, Phetchaburi, and illustrate examples from its small but precious organic collection. The themes of the illustrations are both narrative and non-narrative. The narratives, such as the story of the thaumaturge monk Phra Malai, are didactic. The non-narrative paintings might be described as simply decorative, but they draw on a rich animal lore that is detailed in scholastic literature. The texts recorded ...


Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, Claudio Cicuzza May 2018

Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, Claudio Cicuzza

Manuscript Studies

In this article I present a short description of the three illuminated Thai manuscripts kept in one of the libraries of the University of Naples “L’Orientale”, the Biblioteca Maurizio Taddei. These three manuscripts contain various Buddhist jātakas and also non-canonical works, in Pali and in Thai. They are adorned with beautiful depicted images which have been here reproduced.


Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, Barend Jan Terwiel May 2018

Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, Barend Jan Terwiel

Manuscript Studies

Finding Thai manuscripts in German museums and libraries is a daunting exercise. There are eight national libraries, twenty-five state libraries, and about eighty university libraries. As for the museums, of the thirty-nine ethnological museums, there are at least fourteen with collections that include objects from Asia. The standard publications on Thai material are both incomplete and out of date.

This paper centers upon the collectors, beginning with August the Strong, who in 1728 acquired a Thai scroll. A century later, there began a steady trickle of acquisitions. Details of how Thai manuscripts came to Germany are presented for the century ...


Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, Jana Igunma May 2018

Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, Jana Igunma

Manuscript Studies

Over half a thousand Thai manuscripts are currently being held in British institutions, with the largest collection at the British Library. Other important collections are at the Wellcome Library, the Royal Asiatic Society, the Bodleian Library and the John Rylands Library.

Thai manuscripts and historic documents first came to Britain as a result of trade contacts, and documents from the earliest period include official letters and materials received from Thai counterparts. Manuscripts were also brought from Thailand by missionaries, travelers, traders, and officers of the India Office stationed in Burma, others were systematically collected by educators and scholars with a ...


Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, Justin Mcdaniel May 2018

Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, Justin Mcdaniel

Manuscript Studies

No abstract provided.


Ms. Codex 238: The Foundling: A Tragedy, Martin Earl Smith May 2018

Ms. Codex 238: The Foundling: A Tragedy, Martin Earl Smith

Transcription Collection

The Foundling: A Tragedy. Both a raw and a critical transcription (edited for performance) of a play, composed c 1803-1810 by a Scottish teenager, discussing the issues of bastard children, abortion, honor, and the Scottish nobility.


In Defense Of Milgram Experiments, Adam Chernew Apr 2018

In Defense Of Milgram Experiments, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In the early 1960s, social psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted a series of studies at Yale University in which he measured the willingness of subjects to obey an authority figure (the experimenter) who instructed them to administer electrical shocks to a confederate under the guise that the experiment was testing the effects of punishment on learning. Although the electrical shocks were fake, these famous obedience experiments are, to this day, recognized as some of the most controversial psychology experiments of all time. While Milgram's experiments yielded seemingly profound insight about human obedience to authority, many in his field were quick ...


Negotiating Moral Luck, Jack Cody Apr 2018

Negotiating Moral Luck, Jack Cody

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this essay, I intend to elucidate Thomas Nagel's radical concept of moral luck and the unnerving philosophical paradox that inevitably arises when it is stripped to its essence: in pursuit of a method of fair moral assessment, we approach the possibility that nothing and no one can be aptly judged on moral grounds. I analyze some refutations to this troubling paradox, including Susan Wolf's promising rejection of the subcategory of consequential luck due to the existence of a proposed "nameless virtue." In light of these refutations and Nagel's and Bernard Williams' musings on moral luck, I ...


Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson Apr 2018

Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine in what ways capital-B Bitcoin, the system, and lower-b bitcoin, the unit of account, are or are not money. Bitcoin is the largest, by market capitalization, financial asset labeled "cryptocurrency" and the first decentralized digital currency. The paper canvasses the academic, business and technical literature to scrutinize the validity of this neologism's implied equivalency to money as a concept, system and artifact from historical, economic, political, teleological, theoretical and functional perspectives. The author(s) of Bitcoin invented blockchain, that is a shared, decentralized, time stamped, public ledger, to solve the problem ...


Guide To The Henry Charles Lea Microfilm Collection, University Of Pennsylvania Libraries Apr 2018

Guide To The Henry Charles Lea Microfilm Collection, University Of Pennsylvania Libraries

Collection Materials

The Henry Charles Lea Library Microfilm Collection is a composite of archival manuscript and printed material gathered by Kenneth M. Setton during his tenure as Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania. As such the collection reflects the contours of his research in Levantine diplomatic relations with Byzantium and the Papacy, as well as the Crusades. As a result, the collection contains only selected portions of major archival series, isolated source texts, as well as assorted miscellanies.


House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger Mar 2018

House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger

Honors Theses (PPE)

While over 20 states considered so-called bathroom bills between 2013-2016, only one state, North Carolina, passed one - in the form of House Bill 2. House Bill 2 modified North Carolina’s non-discrimination legislation, as well as restricting access to multi-user restrooms on the basis of sex designated on one’s birth certificate, which would require some transgender men to use the women’s restroom. The debate between those for and against HB2 raged in the press, the legal system, and finally at the ballot box. An analysis of the first two months of coverage indicates how frames were used by ...


Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Dec 2017

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

Honors Theses (PPE)

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seeded national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Using Film To Inspire Advocacy: An Interview With Shalini Kantayya, Mahvish Ilyas, Siga Wu, Dechan Dalrymple Dec 2017

Using Film To Inspire Advocacy: An Interview With Shalini Kantayya, Mahvish Ilyas, Siga Wu, Dechan Dalrymple

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Art Reinvented: Connecting Back To Mother Nature, Dechan Dalrymple Dec 2017

Art Reinvented: Connecting Back To Mother Nature, Dechan Dalrymple

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Notes From The Field: An Assessment Of Wash Programs In West Bengal, India, Mark Lotto Dec 2017

Notes From The Field: An Assessment Of Wash Programs In West Bengal, India, Mark Lotto

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Caloric Expenditure As An Indicator Of Access To Water, Jeff La Frenierre Dec 2017

Caloric Expenditure As An Indicator Of Access To Water, Jeff La Frenierre

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Building upon the stated success of the Millennium Development Goal to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water", Goal 6.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SD Gs) aims to "by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all." However, 'access' as currently defined allows for a water source to be outside of the home, by tradition as much as 1 kilometer away. As a result, as many as 2.3 billion people live in households considered to have achieved 'access' but who remain reliant on ...


Empowering Women In The Wash Sector: A Woman's Burden, Yari Greeney, Becky Chanis, Gemma Bulos, Rachel Cardone Dec 2017

Empowering Women In The Wash Sector: A Woman's Burden, Yari Greeney, Becky Chanis, Gemma Bulos, Rachel Cardone

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

No abstract provided.


Arsenic Poisoning In Rural Bangladesh-An Intersectional Analysis Of Impact In Women, Louise Andersson, Dr. Martina Angela Caretta Dec 2017

Arsenic Poisoning In Rural Bangladesh-An Intersectional Analysis Of Impact In Women, Louise Andersson, Dr. Martina Angela Caretta

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Based on a qualitative case study in six arsenic acute villages in southwest Bangladesh, this paper presents the intersectional impact of the arsenic poisoning crisis in rural Bangladesh. Findings indicate that the arsenic poisoning crisis is aggravating existing gender inequalities as well as gender roles and responsibilities. The gender inequalities related to arsenicosis are manifested in the access to health care and in the degree of social stigma: women are the biggest victims, unmarried women in particular. The study shows that multiple axis of oppression as class, disability and age are crucial in determining the magnitude of the arsenic poisoning ...


Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern Dec 2017

Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This paper considers the impact of rapid neighborhood change on the cultural ecology of Fort Greene and surrounding Brooklyn neighborhoods based on qualitative study undertaken during 2016 for the NYC project. The paper argues that rapid neighborhood change causes an attenuation of the organic neighborhood connections among artists, creative businesses, cultural organizations, and cultural participants—that is, the neighborhood cultural ecology. Cumulatively these changes in cultural ecology further weaken the neighborhood ecosystem and introduce an additional source of inequality with respect to the wellbeing of the City’s communities.

In response to rapid neighborhood change, different cultural agents find themselves ...


Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia Dec 2017

Awakening The Potential Of Positive Computing: A Transversal, Heliotropic Design Paradigm For Human Flourishing, Ryan Wynia

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive Computing literature does not consider the complex implications stemming from the evidence of computing technologies’ harmful effects. Moreover, present approaches to integrating well-being science into the design of interactive systems are built on deficit-oriented models. In response, a transversal, social constructionist paradigm of Positive Computing sensitive to the social complex and views technology as a part ofcivilization as a living, human construction is explored as a means of advancing the Positive Computing domain. The work argues the well-being of civilization needs to be routinely re-secured through the development of a metacognitive, affirmative competency that recognizessocial systems as capable of ...


Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac Dec 2017

Tangled Memories Of Wampum Diplomacy In Philadelphia, Margaret Bruchac

Department of Anthropology Papers

Throughout North America, Indigenous Native American and First Nations histories are often presented as fragments of a broken past. Isolated objects, historical markers, archaeological sites, lost memories, curious folklore, and uninhabited places evoke memories of something that happened long ago, to someone else, in another time. The influential tribal individuals and nations who shaped and experienced those events are often depicted as tangential to the narrative of the emerging American nation, and imagined to have vanished from the scene. Yet, Indigenous histories are best seen as part of an on-going stream of events that are never entirely past, even (especially ...


What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis Nov 2017

What’S Wrong With Paying Parents To Not Have Children?, Benjamin Feis

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I use the example of Project Prevention, a nonprofit that incentivizes people with substance abuse problems to not have children, as a launching point to pose a thought experiment. Namely, I consider a hypothetical policy whereby the U.S. government would issue a $5,000 tax credit per year to poor women or couples if they refrain from having a child. I examine several arguments in favor of such a policy, most notably that it produces mutual gains for both parties and is, technically speaking, completely voluntary. I then outline three potential objections to the policy. The ...


Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew Nov 2017

Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the future of the marijuana legalization movement and the prospects of recreational marijuana legalization at the national level. While the marijuana movement has made tremendous strides at the state level over a very short period of time, there remains a debate over whether or not this progress will translate into success federally. First, this paper reviews the literature from the field, the majority of which focuses on whether marijuana ought to be legalized for recreational use in the first place. Despite extensive research, the evidence from the field is far from definitive ...


Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands Nov 2017

Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang Nov 2017

The Law And Economics Of Databases: A Balancing Act, Ya Shon Huang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper, I demonstrate that the existing legal frameworks for database protection are inadequate – the American framework under-protects databases, while the European framework over-protects. This paper presents an economic analysis of the current scope of legal protections for databases versus the ideal, with an especial emphasis on the role of intellectual property rights in providing these protections, and concludes with proposals for an ideal system. After an overview of the current systems of legal protections for databases in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), there will be an explanation of how different types of laws (competition ...


Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran Nov 2017

Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo Nov 2017

An Intercultural Dialogue Between Confucianism And Liberalism: Towards A Universal Foundation For Human Rights, Elton Yeo

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

This paper builds on the debate between Confucianism and human rights first sparked by the Bangkok Declaration of 1993. I show that there is indeed a conflict between Confucianism and human rights, which on the broader level, can be characterized as the conflict between communitarianism and liberalism. These are two particular traditions and in spite of the conflict between them, I show that they can come to complement each other through an intercultural dialogue. The idea of an intercultural dialogue is a response to the inadequate responses of liberals to the fact of multiculturalism, which is a broader implication of ...