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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Wellness Design Assessment Criteria: Content Analysis Of Workplace Design Guidelines, Yongyeon Cho, Huiwon Lim, Hye Jeong Park Apr 2020

Wellness Design Assessment Criteria: Content Analysis Of Workplace Design Guidelines, Yongyeon Cho, Huiwon Lim, Hye Jeong Park

Interior Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

ISSUE & PURPOSE OF RESEARCH Recent studies have addressed that design elements can enhance users’ health and well-being in their workplaces. In creating a mindful workplace, designers commonly refer to evidence-based guidelines, evaluation tools, and rating systems to supports each user’s physical, emotional, and social wellness. Although many rating systems are useful to experts, the systems are challenging to laypersons to use because of text-based content with jargon and complexity. Moreover, many such systems don’t tend to support non-expert users’ awareness of designing a workplace because all design elements are equally weighted even though some design elements are more essential than others. For this limitation, we focus on a design rating system for workplaces. This study is designed with three parts: The purpose of the first study is to develop inclusive wellness design criteria for office environments; the second study is to understand current office user’s perception of wellness regarding design features; the third study is to build a new framework to create a real-time based user-friendly mobile application for evaluating office users’ wellness about design experiences. This study is the first part of a total of three parts.


Students’ Integrated Sensory Analysis Results: A Case Study Of The Main Lobby Area In College Buildings, Yongyeon Cho Apr 2020

Students’ Integrated Sensory Analysis Results: A Case Study Of The Main Lobby Area In College Buildings, Yongyeon Cho

Interior Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

ISSUE & PURPOSE A well-designed space influence on users’ overall positive sensory experience (Winer & Keim, 2018, August 7). Human sensory inputs have a stronger influence on both cognitive and emotional responses (Augustin et al., 2009) which closely related to design a learning environment. Although students’ sensory experiences are associated with their learning outcome, little research has been investigated student’s perception of sensory design elements in campus main lobby areas.


An Assessment Use Argument For Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Mar 2020

An Assessment Use Argument For Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This study focuses on reflective practice journal entries and compares intermediate Spanish learners’ journals of their own oral performance through two different opportunities - an Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and a Virtual Oral Interview Classroom/based Exam (VOICES) - within the framework of a Spanish for the Professions course. Students’ journals reveal that both types of assessment have their advantages in the learning process, which results in more autonomous and more efficient learners (Ziegler, 2014). Moreover, data from the two focus groups reveals information about sufficiency, relevance, beneficence, and usefulness about the Spanish speaking activities used in the Spanish for the Professions ...


Inclusive Environments: Legislative Framework, Julie E.N. Irish Mar 2020

Inclusive Environments: Legislative Framework, Julie E.N. Irish

Open Course Materials

No abstract provided.


Inclusive Environments: Access Audits Lesson, Julie E.N. Irish Mar 2020

Inclusive Environments: Access Audits Lesson, Julie E.N. Irish

Open Course Materials

No abstract provided.


Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina Feb 2020

Design Of Monophasic Pulsed Magnetic Fields For Use In Low Bias Fields, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, Wei S. Theh, R.J. Weber, Mani Mina

Industrial Design Publications

In this work, the design of a pulsed magnetic field generator, with user-selective pulsed modulation frequency is described. The ability to operate at various frequencies (single-frequency below 10 MHz) makes the system valuable to several areas such as medical treatments and pulsed switching systems. In this work, the pulsed magnetic field generator is designed to create localized field effects in portable magnetic resonance systems. Users may operate at a Larmor precession frequency between 100 kHz - 10 MHz and can achieve high currents through the load. Certain tunability can also be obtained by varying the load inductance or switching device conditions ...


Design Fixation From Initial Examples: Provided Versus Self-Generated Ideas, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Feb 2020

Design Fixation From Initial Examples: Provided Versus Self-Generated Ideas, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Jansson and Smith [1] demonstrated that design fixation occurs when an example solution is provided along with a design problem. As a result of seeing an example concept -- even with its flaws pointed out -- new designs often share its features. In Jansson and Smith’s studies, a control group saw no example and showed less fixation to the example provided in the other group. However, another source of fixation from an initial example may arise in the control group from the designer’s own first-generated concept. We conducted a large-scale experiment with beginning engineers to investigate whether design fixation occurs ...


The Role Of Nostalgia In Retro Sewing, Charity S. Armstead, Ellen C. Mckinney Dec 2019

The Role Of Nostalgia In Retro Sewing, Charity S. Armstead, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This article explores the role of nostalgia as a motivation for retro sewing and the ways in which nostalgia shapes the practices of retro sewing. Retro sewers circumvent typical models of clothing consumption by opting out of the commercial fashion cycle, and instead creating clothing for everyday use that replicates or is inspired by styles from the past. As such, the practice of retro sewing is inextricably linked to one or more of the many forms of nostalgia. Previous studies on consumers and nostalgia have not considered the full breadth of how consumers interact with nostalgia. This article explains what ...


The Benefits Of Reflective Practice Using Speaking Tasks In Teaching Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Nov 2019

The Benefits Of Reflective Practice Using Speaking Tasks In Teaching Spanish For The Professionals, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This mixed-method research study examines the speaking proficiency of Spanish learners with the Virtual Oral Interview Classroom-based Exam (VOICES), a free oral assessment tool for students and teachers, and the American Council Teaching Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) for assessing their oral ability. Students’ oral proficiency was assessed at the beginning and end of the semester via the OPI, and oral performance was assessed during the middle and at the end of the semester with VOICES. During the semester, learners practiced with structured and communicative output activities with the purpose of developing communicative competence. Using active learning as ...


Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody Oct 2019

Trumping Development: Selective Delinking And Coercive Governmentality In Us–Africa Relations, Francis Owusu, Ricardo Reboredo, Padraig Carmody

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Globalization is one of the most important socioeconomic processes of recent decades, but it has elicited a reactionary backlash in some countries, leading to calls for reform. President Trump's rise to power in the United States and his determination to rewrite his country's involvement in globalization have brought substantial changes to foreign policy, including the US–Africa relationship. His administration's policies appear undeveloped, but we can determine distinct trends and tendencies. This article examines the effects of these policies on Africa to argue that they go beyond a return to the benign neglect shown by many US ...


Why Do They Sew? Women’S Motivations To Sew Clothing For Themselves, Addie Martindale, Ellen C. Mckinney Aug 2019

Why Do They Sew? Women’S Motivations To Sew Clothing For Themselves, Addie Martindale, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Garment sewing is undergoing a resurgence in participation, with a growing number of women choosing to sew their clothing instead of buying readily available fast fashion. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the current motivations of an ethnically diverse sample of women who sew garments for themselves. The in-depth interview data from 15 interviews revealed personal fulfillment to be the overarching reason for participation. Personal fulfillment was achieved through main emergent themes of investment, control, and empowerment with 10 subthemes. Theoretical perspectives of prosumerism, craft and do-it-yourself consumption, and uses and gratification theory were applied to the ...


Design Thinking: An Approach With Various Perceptions, Sanne Bouwman, Jesper Voorendt, Boris Eisenbart, Seda Mckilligan Aug 2019

Design Thinking: An Approach With Various Perceptions, Sanne Bouwman, Jesper Voorendt, Boris Eisenbart, Seda Mckilligan

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Design Thinking has become increasingly popular across different disciplines. However, what it exactly entails is becoming more and more vague, leading to the term being used for many different approaches and applications. This paper presents an interview study with experts on the application and training of Design Thinking in academia and industry. We find a divide with some seeing Design Thinking as a mere toolbox of methods, while others see it as an umbrella term for the mindset that determines how designers think and act. Subjects unanimously attest the approach large potential to support certain types of businesses, when applied ...


“I Should Probably Know More:” Reasons For And Roadblocks To The Use Of Historic University Collections In Teaching, Sara Marcketti, Jennifer F. Gordon Jun 2019

“I Should Probably Know More:” Reasons For And Roadblocks To The Use Of Historic University Collections In Teaching, Sara Marcketti, Jennifer F. Gordon

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Collections of dress and textiles can make subjects such as history come to life. However previous studies have shown that many collections are underutilized within university settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine contributing and detracting factors for use. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with curators and collection managers (n = 15) at twelve institutions. Respondents were then asked to recommend faculty members who did (n = 9) or did not use the collection (n = 6). Through data analysis, four major themes were related by the collection managers including: 1) ambiguous roles and unknown collections, 2) continual need for collection ...


Assessing L2 Listening In Call And Listening Strategy Use, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jun 2019

Assessing L2 Listening In Call And Listening Strategy Use, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This longitudinal study examines students’ learning strategies of 222 Spanish intermediate learners when taking several listening tests. It also examines the effect of different instructional formats (online-hybrid vs. face2face-blended) on the learners’ strategy use. There were four versions of the same text: an audio format, a video format, a redundancy-enhanced version in audio format, and a redundancy-enhanced version in video format. A pseudo-cross over design was utilized for this study with four listening tests used with each group. Participants completed a questionnaire immediately after each listening test to learn about learners’ strategies before, during and after listening in order to ...


Employers’ Perspectives On Workplace Communication Skills: The Meaning Of Communication Skills, Tina A. Coffelt, Dale Grauman, Frances L.M. Smith May 2019

Employers’ Perspectives On Workplace Communication Skills: The Meaning Of Communication Skills, Tina A. Coffelt, Dale Grauman, Frances L.M. Smith

English Publications

Employers provide their interpretation of the meaning of communication skills in this qualitative study of 22 managers. Employers understand written communication to be types of documents, a way to write, and a mode of communication. Oral communication skills mean a style of interacting, presenting, and conducting meetings. Visual communication skills were understood to be data visualization or nonverbal communication. Electronic communication was interpreted as email. The findings contribute to closing-the-gap research by highlighting areas where meaning converges for employers and instructors. Faculty members in communication disciplines can incorporate these findings into their course design and learning outcome discussions.


The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon May 2019

The Performance Of Racialized Bodies And Brecht’S Operatic Anthropology, Kevin S. Amidon

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Taxonomic tropes and themes, particularly gender and class, but also race, function together in Brecht’s plays to create overdetermined characterizations. Parallel to these characterizations, he developed a multilayered theory of performance that emphasizes how those who enact text should approach the representation of diverse human types and groups. His encounter with Chinese acting established foundational elements in this theory. In parallel to his theoretical thinking about performance and race in the mid-1930s, Brecht was developing his stance toward operatic representation. While these two conceptual spheres, race and opera, might appear far apart in their content, they parallel each other ...


The Economic And Cognitive Impacts Of Personal Benefaction In Hispania Tarraconensis, Rachel Meyers Apr 2019

The Economic And Cognitive Impacts Of Personal Benefaction In Hispania Tarraconensis, Rachel Meyers

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This chapter addresses the economic and cognitive roles of personal benefaction in Hispania Tarraconensis, a province of the Roman Empire encompassing a northeast region of modern Spain. During the Imperial period, in particular, individuals and families financed public works, buildings, statues, foundations, and various forms of entertainment such as games, banquets, and performances. As a way of assessing both the financial and cognitive impact of these benefactions over time, this paper analyzes a corpus of inscriptions from Hispania Tarraconensis dating from the Augustan period through the late second century. Assessing the financial impact of benefaction involves charting the cost outlays ...


7 Tips To Stay Safe While Studying Abroad, Chad M. Gasta Mar 2019

7 Tips To Stay Safe While Studying Abroad, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Studying abroad can bring great rewards, but being a visitor in a foreign land also comes with significant risks.

“It is important to understand how the risks may be different from home, and to be prepared,” says Shaun Jamieson, an International Risk Analyst at Iowa State University, where I teach Spanish and run the university’s largest study abroad program.

Few cases underscore this point more than the tragic case of Otto Warmbier, an American college student arrested and imprisoned in North Korea in 2016 for allegedly stealing a propaganda poster from a North Korean hotel. After being imprisoned, Warmbier ...


Assessment Tool For Users’ Experience In Healthcare Settings, Yongyeon Cho, Jihyun Song Mar 2019

Assessment Tool For Users’ Experience In Healthcare Settings, Yongyeon Cho, Jihyun Song

Interior Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

Issue: In creating notable experiences for patients in healthcare settings, design components are critical in offering psychological support surrounding patients’ expectations with respect to the level of clinical care (Dilani, 2008; Knudson, 2017). A growing body of research maintains that healthcare design strategies influence patients’ health outcomes and wellness (Devlin & Arneill, 2003; Laursen, et al, 2014). While evidence-based design has been studied through post-occupancy evaluation of overall facility design of clinics and other spaces such as inpatient rooms (Quan et al, 2017), little research has focused on evaluating users’ physical and emotional well-being, and social interaction that inform wellness-design features. Therefore, the ...


Understanding The ‘Black-Box’ Of Automated Analysis Of Communicative Goals And Rhetorical Strategies In Academic Discourse, Elena Cotos Mar 2019

Understanding The ‘Black-Box’ Of Automated Analysis Of Communicative Goals And Rhetorical Strategies In Academic Discourse, Elena Cotos

Center for Communication Excellence Proceedings and Presentations

Despite the appeal of automated writing evaluation (AWE) tools, many writing scholars and teachers have disagreed with the way such tools represent writing as a construct. This talk will address two important objections – that AWE heavily subordinates rhetorical aspects of writing, and that the models used to automatically analyze student texts are not interpretable for the stakeholders vested in the teaching and learning of writing. The purpose is to promote a discussion of how to advance research methods in order to optimize and make more transparent writing analytics for automated rhetorical feedback. AWE models will likely never be capable of ...


Teaching-Oriented Research, John M. Levis Mar 2019

Teaching-Oriented Research, John M. Levis

English Publications

This paper examines some of the factors that make for a good teaching-oriented paper, in which research and practice are most clearly connected. Such papers have clear research questions, explicit and systematic approaches to teaching and learning for experimental and control groups, improvement measured by pre and posttests, and well-developed teaching implications. Various papers from different journals are used to illustrate the characteristics of successful teaching-oriented papers.


Interviews: Dr. Lisa Meloncon, Rhm Editor, Interviews Dr. Abby Dubisar And Sara Davis On Their Persuasion Brief, “Communicating Elective Sterilization: A Feminist Perspective”, Lisa Meloncon, Erin Trauth, Cathryn Molloy, Abby M. Dubisar Mar 2019

Interviews: Dr. Lisa Meloncon, Rhm Editor, Interviews Dr. Abby Dubisar And Sara Davis On Their Persuasion Brief, “Communicating Elective Sterilization: A Feminist Perspective”, Lisa Meloncon, Erin Trauth, Cathryn Molloy, Abby M. Dubisar

English Publications

Download of the interview includes 1) transcript and 2) Appendices A, B, and C from Dr. Abby Dubisar and Sara Davis


Integrating Language, Content, Technology, And Skills Development Through Project-Based Language Learning: Blending Frameworks For Successful Unit Planning, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar H. Beckett Feb 2019

Integrating Language, Content, Technology, And Skills Development Through Project-Based Language Learning: Blending Frameworks For Successful Unit Planning, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar H. Beckett

English Publications

In this article, the authors first summarize the literature on project-based language learning (PBLL), a sound approach to second language teaching, addressing its various benefits such as providing opportunities to develop language authentically in real-world contexts, building decision-making and problem-solving skills, and developing content knowledge. In acknowledging reports that have also suggested that students can struggle to see how language is being developed through PBLL, the authors then argue that by looking at a project as a social practice, educators can demonstrate how language, content, and 21st century skills can be taught as an integrated whole through PBLL. They describe ...


Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis Feb 2019

Directions For The Future Of Technology In Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Mary G. O'Brien, Tracey M. Derwing, Catia Cucchiarini, Debra M. Hardison, Hansjorg Mixdorff, Ron I. Thomson, Helmer Strik, John M. Levis, Murray J. Munro, Jennifer A. Foote, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

This paper reports on the role of technology in state-of-the-art pronunciation research and instruction, and makes concrete suggestions for future developments. The point of departure for this contribution is that the goal of second language (L2) pronunciation research and teaching should be enhanced comprehensibility and intelligibility as opposed to native-likeness. Three main areas are covered here. We begin with a presentation of advanced uses of pronunciation technology in research with a special focus on the expertise required to carry out even small-scale investigations. Next, we discuss the nature of data in pronunciation research, pointing to ways in which future work ...


Developing And Validating A Methodology For Crowdsourcing L2 Speech Ratings In Amazon Mechanical Turk, Charles Nagle Jan 2019

Developing And Validating A Methodology For Crowdsourcing L2 Speech Ratings In Amazon Mechanical Turk, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Researchers have increasingly turned to Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) to crowdsource speech data, predominantly in English. Although AMT and similar platforms are well positioned to enhance the state of the art in L2 research, it is unclear if crowdsourced L2 speech ratings are reliable, particularly in languages other than English. The present study describes the development and deployment of an AMT task to crowdsource comprehensibility, fluency, and accentedness ratings for L2 Spanish speech samples. Fifty-four AMT workers who were native Spanish speakers from 11 countries participated in the ratings. Intraclass correlation coefficients were used to estimate group-level interrater reliability, and ...


Exploration Of The Perpetuating Fast Fashion Consumption Cycle: Young Women's Experiences In Pursuit Of An Ideal Self-Image, Leslie H. Simpson Jan 2019

Exploration Of The Perpetuating Fast Fashion Consumption Cycle: Young Women's Experiences In Pursuit Of An Ideal Self-Image, Leslie H. Simpson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of the lived experiences of young women in emerging adulthood who consumed a large quantity of fast fashion apparel (in excess of 150 pieces annually). Using a phenomenological methodology, this study explored (a) the shopping experiences of the young women, (b) the meaning the young women attached to their clothing purchases, and (c) why the young women were buying large quantities of fast fashion.

Fourteen women between the ages of 19 and 25 from the mid-Atlantic region of the United States participated in the study. The research design ...


Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2019

Technology-Mediated Tblt In A Hybrid Environment: Bridging Content And Language Production, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article examines the use of technology-mediated, task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a hybrid environment as an instructional approach in an intermediate-level Spanish course. It (a) evaluates elements of a hybrid course that was developed with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials to help learners improve their Spanish, focusing on two areas of specialization––engineering and business; (b) examines the effectiveness of the course materials and curriculum with a focus on CALL readings; (c) demonstrates that the technology-mediated TBLT approach in the hybrid learning environment was successful in linking content and language; and (d) establishes that the learners’ speaking skills had ...


The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun Jan 2019

The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The indigenous population in the United States of America is estimated between 2.5 and 6 million people,1 of which 23% live in American Indian areas or Alaska Native villages. Indigenous peoples in the United States are more commonly referred to as Native groups. The state with the largest Native population is California; the place with the largest Native population is New York City. 573 Native American tribal entities were recognized as American Indian or Alaska Native tribes by the United States in July 2018, and most of these have recognized national homelands. While socioeconomic indicators vary widely across ...


Some Other God, Amalie Mireille Kwassman Jan 2019

Some Other God, Amalie Mireille Kwassman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Some other god is a poetry collection that deals with the effects of mental illness, abuse, death, grief, financial struggles and tragedy on a Jewish community in Brooklyn, New York. The collection also discusses sexuality and coming of age in a religious community.


The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp Jan 2019

The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis upset the traditional alliances of the Middle East. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt severed ties with Qatar, accusing Qatar of sponsoring terrorist organizations and compromising the Gulf Cooperation Council by strengthening relations with Iran. This article highlights the role of the Muslim Brotherhood within both Saudi Arabia and Qatar to demonstrate why the Islamist organization was an important piece in the initiation of the ongoing diplomatic crisis. Using two historical case studies, this paper reveals two divergent views of the MB in Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The Saudi royal family views ...