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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell Sep 2018

Political Advertising Saturation In The 2016 Iowa Caucuses, Jay Newell

Journalism Publications

Allocating the optimum amount of campaign resources to advertising is a critical question for political managers. This research presents the case of the 2016 Iowa Caucuses, in which over $46 million of broadcast television advertising was purchased on behalf of 21 Republican and Democratic candidates and run in eight media markets over 9 months. Using Federal Communication Commission (FCC)-derived data from more than 3,700 political advertising contracts, and responses to two waves of surveys among Iowa voters, this research considers the connection between advertising weight (adspend) and political outcomes in a media-saturated campaign. In contrast to some earlier ...


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles L. V. Nagle Aug 2018

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles L. V. Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa Aug 2018

Global And Entrepreneurial Perspectives For Enhancing Retailing Education: Development Of A Hybrid Graduate Course Focused On U.S. And Indian Small Businesses., Ann M. Fiore, Jessica L. Hurst, Linda S. Niehm, Telin Chung, Elena E. Karpova, Amrut Sadachar, Sanjukta Pookulangara, Danielle S. Testa

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper provides an approach, based on global and entrepreneurial perspectives, to enhance retailing education. The approach was operationalized through a hybrid graduate course, co-taught by U.S. and Indian faculty members, which focused on engaging Bloom's higher order cognitive skills in learning about the operation of small retail businesses in U.S. and Indian cultural contexts. The courseincluded interactive learning modules, learning activities, and a student service-learning project. The project required the application of module content in the development of business enhancement plans for small retail businesses and in assessing the plans applicability to small businesses in ...


Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass Jul 2018

Digital Representation Of Indigenous Peoples Through Sharing, Collaboration, And Negotiation: An Introduction, Christina Gish Hill, Medeia C. Dehass

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In the past decade, digital media have been increasingly employed in museums in a variety of ways. This practice capitalized on the new medium’s effectiveness in connecting a variety of stakeholders across multiple key issues. Projects representing Indigenous communities are not an exception to this trend. This special issue critically reflects on the politics of representation in the process of reframing culturally specific concepts in a digital environment. In addition to discussing potential benefits of digital media to working with Indigenous communities, papers in the special issue also carefully weigh the benefits and shortcomings virtual environments may bring to ...


A Longitudinal Study On Language Learning Vocabulary In L2 Spanish, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jun 2018

A Longitudinal Study On Language Learning Vocabulary In L2 Spanish, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Some learners perform better on listening tests that include visual input instead of audio only (Wagner, 2008) while others have found no difference in the performance of participants in the two test formats (Batty, 2015). These mixed results make it necessary to examine the role of using audio and video in listening comprehension (LC). This study examines the effect of input modality on the learning of new vocabulary with intermediate L2 learners. The study gave four versions of the same text: a baseline in audio format, a baseline in video format, a redundancy-enhanced version in audio format and a redundancy-enhanced ...


Assisting Nature: Ducks, “Ding” And Du, Arnold G. Van Der Valk Jun 2018

Assisting Nature: Ducks, “Ding” And Du, Arnold G. Van Der Valk

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Jay "Ding" Darling (1876-1962) was a newspaper editorial cartoonist and duck hunter. Because of his pro-conservation cartoons, he had become one America’s most prominent conservationists by the early 1930s. Joseph P. Knapp (1864-1951) was a prominent businessman, philanthropist, conservationist, and duck hunter who, like Darling, had become concerned about the decline of waterfowl populations. Both worked to reverse this duck decline. Darling was appointed chief of the Bureau of Biological Survey in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. During his short tenure as its chief (1934-1935), he focused the Bureau’s mission more on wildlife conservation and he oversaw the ...


El Teatro Afro-Hispano Y La Emergencia De Una Ciudadanía Global: Diálogos Del Sur En Espacios Migratorios, Elisa G. Rizo Apr 2018

El Teatro Afro-Hispano Y La Emergencia De Una Ciudadanía Global: Diálogos Del Sur En Espacios Migratorios, Elisa G. Rizo

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Al hablar de espacios migratorios hay que comenzar por reconocer que la migración internacional no es un tema nuevo sino uno muy antiguo y diverso. Como nos recuerda Boaventura de Sousa Santos, a lo largo de la historia y sobre todo a partir del siglo XX, han existido grandes flujos transnacionales de personas por turismo, negocios, estudios, trabajos especializados, política, catástrofes, guerras, condiciones económicas, etc. A su vez, las circulaciones de un país a otro han dependido de las relaciones entre las naciones de origen y las naciones receptoras, así como de dinámicas de pertenencia y acceso a oportunidades dentro ...


Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith Apr 2018

Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith

Education Publications

While much is known about how Black students negotiate and navigate undergraduate studies, there is a dearth of research on what happens when these students enter graduate school. This article presents the results of a study of 21 Black male graduate students in engineering from one highly ranked research-intensive institution. This article provides evidence of structurally racialized policies within the engineering college (e.g., admissions) and racialized and gendered interactions with peers and advisors that threaten Black males’ persistence in engineering. We argue for taking an anti-deficit approach to understanding Black males’ persistence in engineering. We conclude with implications for ...


#Letthemstay: Visual Representations Of Protests And Community Mobilization For Asylum Seekers In Australia, Shirley Hall, Caroline Lenette, Samantha Murray, Connie Chan, Ashley Flannery, Kate Vickery Mar 2018

#Letthemstay: Visual Representations Of Protests And Community Mobilization For Asylum Seekers In Australia, Shirley Hall, Caroline Lenette, Samantha Murray, Connie Chan, Ashley Flannery, Kate Vickery

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The indefinite mandatory detention on the mainland and in offshore processing centers of asylum seekers applying for protection in Australia is particularly controversial due to the government’s notoriously harsh policy. In response, large-scale public protests have been staged across the country in recent years to register popular dissent and convey concerns to decision-makers. However, dominant media representations of protests have historically been largely negative, often cast as ineffectual at best, and at worst, violent clashes that alienate the broader population from the cause in question. This paper outlines a visual analysis of media representations of protests that took place ...


“No More Blackface!” How Can We Get People To Change Their Minds About Zwarte Piet?, Janelle Ward, Renata Rocha Mar 2018

“No More Blackface!” How Can We Get People To Change Their Minds About Zwarte Piet?, Janelle Ward, Renata Rocha

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

When Sinterklaas arrives in the Netherlands in December, he is accompanied by Zwarte Pieten made up in blackface, with afro wigs and bright red lips. Zwarte Piet, translated as “Black Pete,” has created growing controversy as a hurtful, racist caricature. Increasing voices demand change, but most of the population is opposed to altering the tradition. One way forward is to examine attitude change, and gain insight into how we can facilitate this process. This paper introduces the topic and reviews recent academic work on the controversy. Then, using autoethnographic vignettes (Humphreys, 2005), we explore our experiences with the tradition, weaving ...


The Weaponisation Of Language: English Proficiency, Citizenship And The Politics Of Belonging In Australia, Rachel Burke Dr, Nisha Thapliyal Dr, Sally Baker Dr Mar 2018

The Weaponisation Of Language: English Proficiency, Citizenship And The Politics Of Belonging In Australia, Rachel Burke Dr, Nisha Thapliyal Dr, Sally Baker Dr

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Calls for greater protection of national boundaries – both physical and ideological – and the politicising of immigration and citizenship are increasingly characteristic of the global geo-political landscape. Several signatory countries to the UNHCR refugee convention have sought to legislate higher levels of language proficiency for citizenship eligibility. Most recently, this has been attempted in Australia, reigniting controversy about the use of language testing to assess a potential citizen’s ‘worthiness’. In this paper, we identify contested conceptions of belonging and citizenship, manifested in mediatised debates around language proficiency and citizenship which emerged following the announcement of proposed changes to Australian citizenship ...


Who Gets In? The Price Of Acceptance In Canada, Chavon A. Niles Mar 2018

Who Gets In? The Price Of Acceptance In Canada, Chavon A. Niles

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Canadian nation state is often applauded for its open and welcoming attitude towards Others. The Prime Minister of Canada has openly stated that “Diversity is our strength.” However, who gets in suggests who and what Canada values. Through the stories of Jazmine, Nico and Harold shared by Global News, I will illustrate how Canada continues to discriminate against people with disabilities. Using critical disability studies and critical race theory, I explore the assumptions the “excessive demand,” point system, and medical exam make in labelling and disregarding disabled applicants who are read as undesirable and unworthy. Finally, I reflect on ...


Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon Mar 2018

Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published creative pieces. We believe that this expression is a reflective way to contribute to critical issues in social justice. It was important to the author that this poem has a bilingual appearance. The poem was originally written in English and translated to Amharic.


Being Invisible: Asian American And Pacific Islander Students On Campus, Julian Neely, Maeve Mccloskey, Jazlyn Talley, Nayelie Valenzuela Mar 2018

Being Invisible: Asian American And Pacific Islander Students On Campus, Julian Neely, Maeve Mccloskey, Jazlyn Talley, Nayelie Valenzuela

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

As diversity and inclusion committees and administration change policies to become more inclusive, who’s invited to the conversation? In matters of diversity and race, Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students are often left out of the conversation at Iowa State University. This session will cover the issues that AAPI students face as both the “model minorities” (a stereotype of being academically advanced with high achievements in the STEM field and being complacent with issues of social justice) and “invisible minorities” (underrepresented in multiple aspects in society) at Iowa State. A content analysis of current diversity and inclusion policies ...


Is Anyone Listening? Starting A Conversation About African American Males’ Success In Higher Education, Benjamin Dralle, Emily Leaverton, Nayely Hurtado, Buena Lisa Saenthavy Mar 2018

Is Anyone Listening? Starting A Conversation About African American Males’ Success In Higher Education, Benjamin Dralle, Emily Leaverton, Nayely Hurtado, Buena Lisa Saenthavy

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Research from across the United States indicates that African American males face unique personal, academic, and environmental challenges while striving to attain academic success in higher education. The purpose of this presentation is to evaluate and provide recommendations to improve the current state of African American male academic success at Iowa State, which is defined and assessed through retention and graduation rates. A review of current literature on the topic has illuminated issues faced by African American males at various higher education institutions. Our discussion will highlight the specific barriers to academic success that African American males face at Iowa ...


Lost Stories: Women Of Color At Iowa State University, Lemuel Anderson, Olivia Carrasco, Julian Duran, Adrian Gomez Paz, Fracis Jayoma, Kpandi Lumeh, Smeet Mistry, Carleen Silva, Andrew Whitehead Mar 2018

Lost Stories: Women Of Color At Iowa State University, Lemuel Anderson, Olivia Carrasco, Julian Duran, Adrian Gomez Paz, Fracis Jayoma, Kpandi Lumeh, Smeet Mistry, Carleen Silva, Andrew Whitehead

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Name a woman of color who graduated and led change at Iowa State. What did they do? How did they impact an Iowa State that promoted the mission to create, share, and apply knowledge to make Iowa and the world a better place? In 1931, the first African American Woman graduated Iowa State University with a Masters degree in Home Economics Education. However, her story and the stories of so many other women of color have been forgotten. Iowa State University, as an institution has celebrated both women, and people of color, but have rarely publicly celebrated the accomplishments of ...


The Hbcu Connection: A Digital Collection Of Black Isu Alumni From The Early 20th Century, Shaina V. Destine Mar 2018

The Hbcu Connection: A Digital Collection Of Black Isu Alumni From The Early 20th Century, Shaina V. Destine

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Iowa State University is unique in that it was always an integrated institution. However, despite this fact, the only well-known Black ISU alums are George Washington Carver and Jack Trice. Iowa State University has a long history of black alumni who are educated here and go on to serve in high-ranking and/or high-impact positions at historically black colleges & universities (HBCUs). This digital collection is an aggregation of information that highlights Black alumni from 1911-1948 and follows their prestigious careers after leaving Iowa State. The website is designed to be innovative for current and future researchers as well as a ...


Multilevel Mentoring Using Faculty/Graduate Student/Undergraduate Student And Teaching Center Teams, Janet S. Johnson, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Luke Lefebvre, O.P. Mccubbins, Samantha Jones, Maren M. Wolff, Holly S. Bender, Foy Mills Jr Mar 2018

Multilevel Mentoring Using Faculty/Graduate Student/Undergraduate Student And Teaching Center Teams, Janet S. Johnson, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Luke Lefebvre, O.P. Mccubbins, Samantha Jones, Maren M. Wolff, Holly S. Bender, Foy Mills Jr

Team-Based Learning Presentations and Posters

Discuss ways to use TBL to create multi-level mentoring between graduate students, undergraduates, faculty, teaching center and other campus resources.


Sketchnoting A Methodology: Fostering Team Based Learning Conversations, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Janet Johnson, Luke Lefebvre, Op Mccubbins, Holly Bender, Maren Wolff, Samantha Pritchard, Foy Mills Jr Mar 2018

Sketchnoting A Methodology: Fostering Team Based Learning Conversations, Verena Paepcke-Hjeltness, Janet Johnson, Luke Lefebvre, Op Mccubbins, Holly Bender, Maren Wolff, Samantha Pritchard, Foy Mills Jr

Team-Based Learning Presentations and Posters

Sketchnoting is a methodology that uses simple shapes, frames, and connectors to visualize complex information, concepts, and physical objects, thus it has a low barrier entry for skilled and non-skilled drawers, as well as for designers or non-designers alike. It is situated at the lower end of the visualization fidelity spectrum, which ranges from napkin style sketches to photo-realistic renderings or high fidelity info-graphics.


Transatlantic Opera In Spain And The New World In The 17th And Early 18th Centuries, Chad M. Gasta Mar 2018

Transatlantic Opera In Spain And The New World In The 17th And Early 18th Centuries, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Opera was performed in the Spanish-speaking New World colonies almost a century before what later would become the United States. The first operas staged in the Spanish colonies were wildly elaborate projects funded by the viceroys—Tomás de Torrejón y Velasco’s La púrpura de la rosa, in Lima, Peru, in 1701, and Manuel Zumaya’s Parténope, in Mexico City in 1711. These were followed by two operas written to convey religious didactic messages in the remote Jesuit Missions of South America: Domenico Zipoli’s San Ignacio(ca. 1720) and the anonymous San Xavier (ca. 1730), the latter of which ...


Stephen A. Forbes, Antecedent Wetland Ecologist?, Arnold G. Van Der Valk Mar 2018

Stephen A. Forbes, Antecedent Wetland Ecologist?, Arnold G. Van Der Valk

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Stephen A. Forbes (1844-1930) was an American ento- mologist/zoologist who was born, raised and largely educated in northern Illinois. He spent most of his profes- sional career as the director of the Illinois Natural History Survey and as a faculty member and administrator at the University of 1llinois. Early in his scientific career, he stud- ied fish and bird diets by examining the stomach contents of these animals. In 1887, he published his most famous and influential paper, "The lake as a microcosm," which contains one of the earliest formulations of what came to be called the ecosystem. In ...


Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod Feb 2018

Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

The goal of this program is to discuss how curiosity, humility, and platinum empathy can be used to discuss racial issues, particularly when emotions are running high. Often times, individuals who identify as white make honest attempts to be allies and often get blindsided by things like white guilt, white obliviousness, etc. that derail their efforts. In addition, people of color who are attempting to express their frustration with interpersonal microaggressions find themselves having difficulty being heard through their hurt and discontent. Although these miscommunications are not intentional, they can still do harm to everyone involved in the exchange. Learning ...


Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li Feb 2018

Development Of A Numerical Model To Predict Physiological Strain Of Firefighter In Fire Hazard, Yun Su, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Rui Li, Chunhui Xiang, Jun Li

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This paper aims to develop a numerical model to predict heat stress of frefghter under low-level thermal radiation. The model integrated a modifed multi-layer clothing model with a human thermoregulation model. We took the coupled radiative and conductive heat transfer in the clothing, the size-dependent heat transfer in the air gaps, and the controlling active and controlled passive thermal regulation in human body into consideration. The predicted core temperature and mean skin temperature from the model showed a good agreement with the experimental results. Parametric study was conducted and the result demonstrated that the radiative intensity had a signifcant infuence ...


Innovative Implementation Of A Web-Based Rating System For Individualizing Online English Speaking Instruction, Hyejin Yang, Elena Cotos Feb 2018

Innovative Implementation Of A Web-Based Rating System For Individualizing Online English Speaking Instruction, Hyejin Yang, Elena Cotos

English Publications

The primary goal of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in general, and of online language instruction in particular, is to create and evaluate language learning opportunities. To be effective, online language courses need to be guided by an integrated set of theoretical perspectives to second language acquisition (SLA), as well as by specific curricular goals, learning objectives and outcomes, appropriate tasks and necessary materials, and learners’ characteristics and abilities – to name a few factors that are essential in both online and face-to-face teaching (Xu & Morris, 2007). Doughty and Long (2003) articulate pedagogical principles for computer-enhanced language teaching, which highlight the importance ...


Onestopenglish Corpus: A New Corpus For Automatic Readability Assessment And Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Ivana Lucic Jan 2018

Onestopenglish Corpus: A New Corpus For Automatic Readability Assessment And Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Ivana Lucic

English Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This paper describes the collection and compilation of the OneStopEnglish corpus of texts written at three reading levels, and demonstrates its usefulness for through two applications - automatic readability assessment and automatic text simplification. The corpus consists of 189 texts, each in three versions (567 in total). The corpus is now freely available under a CC by-SA 4.0 license1 and we hope that it would foster further research on the topics of readability assessment and text simplification.


Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber Jan 2018

Manufacturing The American Way Of Farming: Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Marketing In The Postwar Period, Margaret Baker Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The rise of the corporation is one of the most transformative events in the history of United States, including the agricultural economy. Seeking to understand how these private businesses influence American foodways, my research examines the emergence of agribusiness in the period after 1945. These private entities manipulated the physical and metaphysical landscape of agriculture to sell not just their products, but also to remake rural America in a way that suited their needs. Agribusinesses wanted to make themselves, their products, and their specific vision of production and consumption, indispensable to the agricultural system. They intended to expand their hold ...


L2-Arctic: A Non-Native English Speech Corpus, Guanlong Zhao, Sinem Sonsaat, Alif O. Silpachai, Ivana Lucic, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John Levis, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna Jan 2018

L2-Arctic: A Non-Native English Speech Corpus, Guanlong Zhao, Sinem Sonsaat, Alif O. Silpachai, Ivana Lucic, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John Levis, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna

English Publications

In this paper, we introduce L2-ARCTIC, a speech corpus of non-native English that is intended for research in voice conversion, accent conversion, and mispronunciation detection. This initial release includes recordings from ten non-native speakers of English whose first languages (L1s) are Hindi, Korean, Mandarin, Spanish, and Arabic, each L1 containing recordings from one male and one female speaker. Each speaker recorded approximately one hour of read speech from the Carnegie Mellon University ARCTIC prompts, from which we generated orthographic and forced-aligned phonetic transcriptions. In addition, we manually annotated 150 utterances per speaker to identify three types of mispronunciation errors: substitutions ...


Transforming Usury Into Finance: Financialization And The Ethics Of Debt, Kate Padgett-Walsh Jan 2018

Transforming Usury Into Finance: Financialization And The Ethics Of Debt, Kate Padgett-Walsh

Philosophy and Religious Studies Publications

This article examines the conceptual transformation of what was once considered usury into finance. To counter traditional arguments that usury was exploitative and unnatural, early modern theorists reconceptualized debt as a form of investment for both borrowers and lenders. Today, this ethical justification of debt as an investment underlies the rhetoric of finance and financialization. Close examination of the realities of contemporary financialized debt, however, reveal that much of this rhetoric is misleading and false. While the rhetoric of finance is unrelentingly oriented toward the future, the lived reality of debt is one of being constrained and haunted by the ...


Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer Jan 2018

Traces: A Farm In Eastern Iowa, Rachel Deutmeyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Through my project, Traces: a farm in eastern Iowa, I photograph interior and exterior spaces of Kenny and June Friederick’s retired dairy farm. The images provide record of the home and acreage throughout 2017 and early 2018, a time when farming practices are rapidly evolving. Grouped with aerial photographs and farm day books (1980 - current), the project shares a representation of the farm as it exists today and a reference to the history of the space. Through the combination of photographs and text, I present a tribute to the immeasurable contribution of a farmer to his or her land ...


Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning Jan 2018

Transformations In Genre: An Examination Of Visualizations Of The Zika Virus, Shannon N. Fanning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a mixed-methods study that employs both quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the visuals used in the reporting of the Zika virus and to determine if the changes these images undergo as they are “accommodated” for different audiences constitute a genre shift. The qualitative analysis examines images from three tiers of publications: peer reviewed academic articles, government and specialized sources, and publications intended for the general public. Each image is coded by tier, type (e.g., table, graph, photograph), and rhetorical genre (forensic, deliberative, epideictic). A genre shift is observed between Tier Two and Tier Three with ...