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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Overheard And Misheard: The Paranoid Unreliable Narrator Of The Conversation, Ryan Jones Dec 2018

Overheard And Misheard: The Paranoid Unreliable Narrator Of The Conversation, Ryan Jones

Cinesthesia

The Conversation is a character study of an individual consumed by his fear of the death of privacy. Each of the film’s major formal elements ultimately seek to trap the audience in the world of Harry Caul: the paranoia, the desperate need for privacy, the isolation. Through careful sound and visual design, the film keeps its audience at the level of its characters and implicates them in the fear that pushes the protagonist to overturn his life. This paper seeks to describe the formal aspects of the film which produces these reactions.


Love Simon As A Modern, Gay Coming-Of-Age Narrative: A New Point Of Contention And Engagement For Queer And Popular Culture, John H. Haley Jr. Dec 2018

Love Simon As A Modern, Gay Coming-Of-Age Narrative: A New Point Of Contention And Engagement For Queer And Popular Culture, John H. Haley Jr.

Cinesthesia

Historically, coming-of-age romantic comedy stories depicted on screen have been centered around heterosexual couples; the 2018 film Love, Simon challenged conventions by depicting a gay protagonist while building on the traditions of the genre. This paper aims to examine the effect of this film on fan behavior and critical perception of the genre. Examining the impact of Love, Simon reveals how an unconventional narrative both expanded how viewers and critics understood the genre while also inspiring new forms of fan engagement with the film. The author concludes that this groundbreaking narrative, by providing a previously unavailable opportunity for a wider ...


A Culture Of Loyalty And Secrecy: Spotlight And The Power Of Organized Religion In America, Sara E. Juarez Dec 2018

A Culture Of Loyalty And Secrecy: Spotlight And The Power Of Organized Religion In America, Sara E. Juarez

Cinesthesia

The paper utilizes the imagery and story of Tom McCarthy's 2015 film Spotlight to create reveal how deeply rooted Christian values are in American society. The paper also challenges this dominant ideology by highlighting the corrupt institutional efforts to maintain a pure image of the Church.


An American Oilscape: The Affective Emotionalism Of Petroleum In There Will Be Blood, Maren Loveland Dec 2018

An American Oilscape: The Affective Emotionalism Of Petroleum In There Will Be Blood, Maren Loveland

Cinesthesia

Underlying the physical and ideological lives of Americans is the pulsating force of oil, a power dictating not only modes of transportation and energy, but the emotions and ideas of societies dependent on the exploitation of this natural resource. Paul Thomas Anderson’s There Will Be Blood displays the evolution of the Californian landscape under the pressure of the oil industry, demonstrating to the audience the emotionalism imbued within oil, separating it from pure physicality and introducing it as the ideological pulse underlying California. Drawing on the vernacular of Maria Löschnigg’s work, “Sublime Oilscapes,” I posit that the closeness ...


Examining The Rosary Of Francisco Marto, Austin Mazur Dec 2018

Examining The Rosary Of Francisco Marto, Austin Mazur

Honors Projects

Within this document you will find an analysis of the young Catholic saint, Francisco Marto, and how the Holy Rosary drastically changed his life.


The Historiography Of Black Workers In The Urban Midwest: Toward A Regional Synthesis, Joe William Trotter, Jr. Nov 2018

The Historiography Of Black Workers In The Urban Midwest: Toward A Regional Synthesis, Joe William Trotter, Jr.

Studies in Midwestern History

Focusing on Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, and Milwaukee, this article explores the transformation of research on black workers in the urban Midwest from the foundational years of the early 20th century through recent times. While much work remains to be done, a century of innovative research on different time periods, topics, and themes provides an excellent opportunity to craft a regional Midwestern synthesis of black labor and working class history.

This article is based upon Professor Trotter's keynote address, "Toward a Regional Synthesis of the Black Working Class: The Urban Midwest from the American Revolution to the Postindustrial ...


Midwestern Writers Need Midwestern Historians, Bonnie Jo Campbell Nov 2018

Midwestern Writers Need Midwestern Historians, Bonnie Jo Campbell

Studies in Midwestern History

These remarks were given on a plenary panel titled "Writing on the Midwest," held at the Fourth Annual Midwestern History Conference in Grand Rapids on June 6, 2018. Bonnie Jo Campbell received her MFA in creative writing from Western Michigan University. Her 2009 book, American Salvage, published by Wayne State University Press, was a finalist in fiction for both the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award.


Ike’S Constitutional Venturing: The Institutionalization Of The Cia, Covert Action, And American Interventionism, Jacob A. Bruggeman Nov 2018

Ike’S Constitutional Venturing: The Institutionalization Of The Cia, Covert Action, And American Interventionism, Jacob A. Bruggeman

Grand Valley Journal of History

U.S. covert action from the 1950s onward was shaped, in part, by the success a CIA-orchestrated coup d'état in which the United States deposed the popular Iranian nationalist Mohammed Mossadegh. Ordered by president Eisenhower, the coup in Iran set the precedent for utilizing covert action as a means of achieving State goals. In so doing, President Eisenhower overturned the precedent set by his immediate predecessor, President Truman: that is, the precedent of using the CIA in its intended function, gathering and evaluating intelligence. The coup, then, is an exemplary case of venture constitutionalism. Eisenhower, in ordering the coup ...


The Continuing Relevance Of C. Wright Mills: His Approach To Research And What We Can Learn From It, John E. Miller Nov 2018

The Continuing Relevance Of C. Wright Mills: His Approach To Research And What We Can Learn From It, John E. Miller

Studies in Midwestern History

C. Wright Mills (1916-1962), remembered primarily for his 1956 book, The Power Elite, and for his 1960 essay “Letter to the New Left,” which helped launch the rising New Left in the America of the 1960s, was a major American sociologist, but he also had much to teach historians. Although he focused his research on national and global subjects, students and scholars of regionalism can also learn much from his wide-ranging, critical approach. Like all good sociologists, Mills always assumed that historical context was an essential element of any adequate analysis of society, economics, and politics. Born in Texas, educated ...


Bill Evans Senior Honors Project, Reese Lyon Rehkopf Nov 2018

Bill Evans Senior Honors Project, Reese Lyon Rehkopf

Honors Projects

A paper on the life and music of Bill Evans and his influence on jazz music. This project consists of three transcriptions of Evans' jazz improvisations and a paper.


Mari Sandoz And Her 1956 Fifty-Year Predictions, John R. Wunder Oct 2018

Mari Sandoz And Her 1956 Fifty-Year Predictions, John R. Wunder

Studies in Midwestern History

Wintertime 1956 in New York City for Mari Sandoz was a time of reassessment. She had been thinking about a commitment she made, and it was time to meet it. She had agreed to compose predictions about American life for the next fifty years (from 1957 to 2007) that along with at least 57 others would be placed in a time capsule and stored in the cornerstone of the building that housed KETV in downtown Omaha.

Sandoz typed up her predictions on her typewriter in her relatively new apartment and entitled the five double-spaced pages "December, 2006 A.D." and ...


The Tet Offensive: Are We Mired In A Stalemate?, Colin A. Sawyer Sep 2018

The Tet Offensive: Are We Mired In A Stalemate?, Colin A. Sawyer

Grand Valley Journal of History

The Tet Offensive of 1968 is commonly looked at as the "turning point" of the American Vietnam War. This leads to the question "what did the American and South Vietnamese militaries think about this 'turning point'?" Using the reports to the White House from General Westmoreland and the retrospective work by Colonel Hoang Ngoc Lung, the conclusion can be reached that the Tet Offensive did not change the military's perception on the course of the conflict.


The Corporate Guild Order Control Of The Florentine Republic In The 13th And 14th Century, Milad D. Mohammadi Aug 2018

The Corporate Guild Order Control Of The Florentine Republic In The 13th And 14th Century, Milad D. Mohammadi

Grand Valley Journal of History

This paper discusses how professional guilds in the 13th and 14th century Florentine Republic rose to power and how they maintained the structure and mechanisms of their power. Furthermore, this paper demonstrates how the Florentine Republic during this period was completely dominated by these guilds through their cultural, economic, and political influence. This paper explains how the rise of aristocratic families as the new power structure ended this guild based society in the late 14th century.


Functioning Religiously, Brent A. Smith Aug 2018

Functioning Religiously, Brent A. Smith

Funded Articles

No abstract provided.


Tales Of Cherry Blossom Dreams, Kelly Dykstra Aug 2018

Tales Of Cherry Blossom Dreams, Kelly Dykstra

Honors Projects

I studied the writings of Female authors during the Heian era of Japan to write an original work imitating that style.


Annie Dillard: At The Altar Of Nature, Kelley A. Kasul Aug 2018

Annie Dillard: At The Altar Of Nature, Kelley A. Kasul

Masters Theses

This thesis intends to delve into Annie Dillard’s time spent at Tinker Creek. Why Dillard chose to go into nature is critiqued, as well as what she found. One of the things it appears Annie Dillard sought and found was a connection to the Divine. She had been searching for this connection in various churches but had not found what she needed there. There is another, perhaps more pressing, issue of the mystical journey Dillard went on as well. This was an internal journey, not a physical journey. Both of these topics are vetted for the purposes of furthering ...


“Who Has A Right To Say What Focus Is The Legitimate Focus?” Tennessee Williams And Julia Margaret Cameron’S Theatrical Portraits Of Women, Jennifer M. Klug Aug 2018

“Who Has A Right To Say What Focus Is The Legitimate Focus?” Tennessee Williams And Julia Margaret Cameron’S Theatrical Portraits Of Women, Jennifer M. Klug

Masters Theses

In the production notes preceding The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams said: “Everyone should know nowadays the unimportance of the photographic in art: that truth, life, or reality is an organic thing which the poetic imagination can represent or suggest, in essence, only through transformation, through changing into other forms than those which were merely present in appearance.” In spite of Williams’s emphasis on the limitations of literal representation, some of his most famous female characters were created in a tradition similar to that of portraits of women by the Victorian-era photographer Julia Margaret Cameron. Both Cameron and Williams made ...


Emotion Norms In Media: Acculturation In Hispanic Children's Storybooks Compared To Heritage And Mainstream Cultures, Victoria R. Sanders, Wolfgang Friedlmeier, Mayra L. Sanchez Gonzalez Jul 2018

Emotion Norms In Media: Acculturation In Hispanic Children's Storybooks Compared To Heritage And Mainstream Cultures, Victoria R. Sanders, Wolfgang Friedlmeier, Mayra L. Sanchez Gonzalez

Funded Articles

Cultural artifacts such as children’s storybooks may serve to facilitate learning of emotion display norms. We compared emotion displays in European American and Mexican books to infer cultural differences between the mainstream and a heritage culture to ultimately explore acculturation orientation in Hispanic storybooks. Totally, 1,059 images were coded from 10 popular storybooks from each cultural group. We focused on emotion type (positive, negative socially engaging, and disengaging) and intensity of expression. Context variables such as social partners and gender were also compared. Positive emotions were dominant in all groups, occurring most in Hispanic storybooks; Mexican and Hispanic ...


Grand Valley Magazine, Vol. 18, No. 1 Summer 2018, Grand Valley State University Jul 2018

Grand Valley Magazine, Vol. 18, No. 1 Summer 2018, Grand Valley State University

Grand Valley Magazine

Grand Valley Magazine is a quarterly publication about Grand Valley State University produced by University Communications since 2001.


Great Lakes Or Middle West: The 1936-37 Great Lakes Exposition And Regional Identity, Kenneth J. Bindas May 2018

Great Lakes Or Middle West: The 1936-37 Great Lakes Exposition And Regional Identity, Kenneth J. Bindas

Studies in Midwestern History

During the 1930s regional identities were especially pronounced as the ravages of the economic collapse encouraged the reevaluation of national, regional, and local identities, often linked with FDR’s appeal for unity and as a way to better understand and distribute the largesse of federal aid money that began filtering down to the people. There was considerable discussion about remaking the country along regional lines, creating what Edward Barrows called the “United Regions of America.” Given the complexity of modern society, “the reorganization” of the country was “inevitable” as a result of “natural, orderly social growth.” (See Edward M. Barrows ...


Trump And The Midwest: The 2016 Presidential Election And The Avenues Of Midwestern Historiography, Jon K. Lauck May 2018

Trump And The Midwest: The 2016 Presidential Election And The Avenues Of Midwestern Historiography, Jon K. Lauck

Studies in Midwestern History

Perhaps the biggest story of the surprising 2016 presidential election was Donald Trump’s victories in the Midwest. Trump won Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, and Ohio, all of which Barack Obama had won in both 2008 and 2012. Wisconsin had not voted for the Republican candidate for president since the Reagan 49-state landslide of 1984 and Michigan had not since 1988. Iowa had supported Michael Dukakis, Bill Clinton twice, and narrowly supported Al Gore in 2000 and George Bush in 2004 before voting for Obama twice. Ohio served as a classic bellwether and had voted to support the winner of the ...


The Origins And Progress Of The Midwestern History Association, 2013-2016, Jon K. Lauck May 2018

The Origins And Progress Of The Midwestern History Association, 2013-2016, Jon K. Lauck

Studies in Midwestern History

In the modern electronic din of emails and texts and tweets and instant messages it can be difficult to keep track of the long-term trajectory of day-to-day work and ongoing projects. With this difficulty in mind, and for the sake of giving some permanence to the memories of the past few years, I submit this chronicle about recent efforts to revive the field of Midwestern history via the creation of the Midwestern History Association. I hope this review and the commentary and recommendations included therein prove useful to the leaders in the field and the emerging scholars who are seeking ...


'Just Call Me Bill': William Taft Brings Spectacle Politics To The Midwest, Jeffrey Bourdon May 2018

'Just Call Me Bill': William Taft Brings Spectacle Politics To The Midwest, Jeffrey Bourdon

Studies in Midwestern History

Historians long rated William Howard Taft’s campaigning ability during the 1908 presidential contest as below average and in need of Theodore Roosevelt’s resuscitation. Recently, they have given Taft more credit for his electioneering appearances. Taft’s ability to teach out to voters was vital to his candidacy because he ran at a time in American political history when the ability to deliver charismatic speeches and shake hands was put at a premium by larger-than-life candidates such as Roosevelt, William Jennings Bryan, and Eugene Debs.

Taft toured several regions during the campaign, including the Midwest, the South, the Mid-Atlantic ...


A History Of The Missouri Conference On History, 1959-2016, James N. Giglio May 2018

A History Of The Missouri Conference On History, 1959-2016, James N. Giglio

Studies in Midwestern History

The Missouri Conference on History (MCOH) emerged in 1959 and has continued without missing a year, despite undergoing organizational changes over time. Many individuals have contributed to make it one of the most successful state conferences ever. This is a story worth telling, especially at time when many people are reconsidering the history of the Midwest and how to support the infrastructure necessary to promote the study of that history.


Escaping Cupcake Land, Mark Vinz May 2018

Escaping Cupcake Land, Mark Vinz

Studies in Midwestern History

Even though America is made up of many distinct regions, the homogenization of our culture is causing us to lose any meaningful sense of place, which includes history and literature (which have been inseparably linked in the past). A case in point is the part of Kansas City known as “The Plaza” and the surrounding suburbs on the Kansas side of the state line, as chronicled by Richard Rhodes in his book Inland Ground: An Evocation of the American Middle West (revised edition, 1991). Rhodes and others remind us that Wallace Stegner’s dictum “I may not know who I ...


From Sandhurst To Rural Iowa: The Education Of A Prairie Historian, Mark Friedberger May 2018

From Sandhurst To Rural Iowa: The Education Of A Prairie Historian, Mark Friedberger

Studies in Midwestern History

This essay describes how someone from the UK, and with a poor academic background, became interested in the history of the Middle West. In the 1980s when the federal government was flush for funds, it was possible to do historical research on soft money. The author survived for fifteen years writing and researching rural topics with grants from agencies like the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Institutes of Health. Eventually after publishing the results of these explorations, he secured an academic teaching job.


The Funeral Of Beloved Hoosier Poet, James Whitcomb Riley, John E. Miller May 2018

The Funeral Of Beloved Hoosier Poet, James Whitcomb Riley, John E. Miller

Studies in Midwestern History

The funeral of popular Indiana poet James Whitcomb Riley in July 1916 was more than a statewide event (before him, only Abraham Lincoln and a general who had fought in the Spanish-American War had been accorded the honor of having their body lie in state in the rotunda of the state capitol). It was a national commemoration, generating thousands of newspaper articles, editorials, and expressions of grief and appreciation. Eulogized as a secular saint for his cheerfulness, high-mindedness, insight, and generosity, he was beloved for the poems that he had written extolling the simple virtues and the hardy characters of ...


Materially Strengthened: The Minnesota Historical Society And Providing Field Services, David M. Grabiske, David J. Nichols Iii May 2018

Materially Strengthened: The Minnesota Historical Society And Providing Field Services, David M. Grabiske, David J. Nichols Iii

Studies in Midwestern History

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin created a uniquely Midwestern public history profession in 1896. Minnesota Historical Society, much as other Midwestern state historical s ocieties would, has used Field Services since 1916 to better serve the public by distributing the capacity to save and share history. Flowing from the Northwest Ordinance, creating local repositories for history and publishing local history furthered education and identity for Midwesterners in general, and Minnesotans specifically. Minnesota tenaciously pursued a county historical society for every county, first on project funding and later had the first full time funding for the work. Since 1981 all ...


"If The Situation Seemed Insurmountable, I Always Wanted To Be There": Virginia Coffey, A Midwest Human Relations Pioneer, Phillip J. Obermiller, Thomas E. Wagner May 2018

"If The Situation Seemed Insurmountable, I Always Wanted To Be There": Virginia Coffey, A Midwest Human Relations Pioneer, Phillip J. Obermiller, Thomas E. Wagner

Studies in Midwestern History

The devastating 1943 rioting in Detroit led to the formation of municipal human relations committees across the country, and among the oldest of these was the Cincinnati Mayor’s Friendly Relations Committee. Five years after its founding, executive director Marshall Bragdon ensured that the MFRC would continue to be a force for racial equality by hiring Virginia Coffey to be assistant director.

Virginia Coffey would go on to make important contributions to human relations internationally through her consulting work in England and nationally as a board member of the National Association of Intergroup Relations Officials. Coffey was appointed the executive ...


Writing With A Chip On Your Shoulder: Some Notes On Regionalism, Mark Vinz May 2018

Writing With A Chip On Your Shoulder: Some Notes On Regionalism, Mark Vinz

Studies in Midwestern History

Unfortunately, many Midwestern writers are used to being labeled “regional” in a pejorative sense. In the past, many have indeed left the Midwest because the region offered far fewer possibilities than the coasts (e.g., Hemingway, Cather, Lewis, and Fitzgerald). Thanks to such things as the development of literary small presses and MFA and history programs, this has begun to change—witness such important writers as Ted Kooser and Louise Erdrich who have stayed in the Midwest and written about the richness of material they find right here at “home.” More than ever, we—writers and readers alike—need to ...