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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Lost In Translation: Regional Culture And Its Impact On Veterans, Nathan Anthony Tilton May 2020

Lost In Translation: Regional Culture And Its Impact On Veterans, Nathan Anthony Tilton

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

George Washington once stated "A country is judged by how it cares for its veterans" fast forward to 2019. How would the United States be judged? Since 2006, 22 veterans a day commit suicide. This lethal trend has continued to remain steady in 2019 with no signs of slowing down. Many researchers have researched this trend, but they tend to focus on trauma. All the while neglecting the impact of external environments such as local culture and media. When someone joins the military, they are indoctrinated into a new culture. The individual is broken down and built back up to ...


Uss North Carolina, Ethan Robert Wilson May 2020

Uss North Carolina, Ethan Robert Wilson

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My paper chronicles the history of the USS North Carolina (BB-55). Once considered the world's most powerful battleship, North Carolina, was commissioned into service in April of 1941 as the first American battleship built in two decades, representing design and armament never considered before in the United States Navy. Sent to the Pacific during World War II, the North Carolina served in every major campaign, including Guadalcanal and Iwo Jima, and became the most decorated battleship of the Navy during the war. After being decommissioned in 1947, North Carolina was slated to be scrapped. However, a group of citizens ...


Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma May 2020

Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How does the image of the decrepit dead body manifest itself in art? Enlightenment thought had problematically conceived of Europe as at the forefront of knowledge while the rest of the world lagged behind. Christ's body is the original cadaver in Western images, but around the seventeenth century the trend of more secular understandings and depictions of the dead body arose. European anatomical knowledge was also making its way to East Asia around the same time. Non-Europeans were presumed to either lack the investigative spirit or more sinisterly, lack the skill. However, Japanese Buddhist art of the kusozu, or ...


Stories Untold: The Immigrant Workers Of The Twin Towers, Valerie Nicole Edgington May 2020

Stories Untold: The Immigrant Workers Of The Twin Towers, Valerie Nicole Edgington

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the aftermath of 9/11, there was not only the loss of lives of publicly recognized professionals, along with the workers less recognized. The immigrant workers, who worked legally and illegally in the twin towers, and who helped the nation in the aftermath of the terrorist attack. This not only touches upon how these workers helped in the clean up efforts in the aftermath, but also in how there have been changes since, in both the view of these workers and in the laws surrounding citizenship. For those who helped in the aftermath, there have been laws put in ...


Fighting Fire With Fire: The Evolution And Problems With Frantz Fanon's Manichean Logic, Brendan J. Dufty May 2020

Fighting Fire With Fire: The Evolution And Problems With Frantz Fanon's Manichean Logic, Brendan J. Dufty

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Frantz Fanon is one of the earliest thinkers in the decolonial school of thought. His book "The Wretched of the Earth" has a powerful message about the practical necessity of a decolonial revolution. However, I propose that because Fanon is reluctant to let go of "Manichean logic", his idea of a decolonial future is impossible because one hegemonic world, the colonial one, will simply be replaced with another, the decolonial one. We can use feminist scholars Chandra Mohanty and Maria Lugones to augment Fanon's somewhat flawed argument for decolonialism. While neither of these authors directly address Fanon's idea ...


Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid May 2020

Mass Media's Ideology Of Middle Eastern Terror And The Impossibility Of The Individual, Mohammed Khalid

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The so-called "war on terror" launched in the aftermath of 9/11 created a seismic shift in public discourse about a terrorism threat. Shaping this discourse was a galvanized U.S. media with a dominating ideology about the Middle Eastern terrorist, the ISIS member, the Jihadist, etc. As Arabs and Muslims became increasingly visible to the U.S. public, panic-riddled reactions to this "Middle Eastern terrorist" immediately mutated to drumbeats of war to punish "others" for acts of terrorism, a group of others. This project examines how U.S. media is an important influencer in shaping public opinion throughout the ...


Bodies Behind The Lines: A Look At Quarantine In Albert Camus' The Plague, Caroline R. Buxenstein May 2020

Bodies Behind The Lines: A Look At Quarantine In Albert Camus' The Plague, Caroline R. Buxenstein

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research argues that the physical quarantine in Albert Camus' The Plague creates a psychological isolation that puts into question the limits of the human in the diseased environment. In The Plague quarantine is enforced to stop the spread of disease and fear and to maintain their hope and evade fear, the characters cast themselves into their memories. Since there is no end to the quarantine in the future and the present is ravished with fear, fear even that this outbreak is the punishment of god, the characters have nothing left but the past. Their memories allow them to once ...


A White Man's World: The Sexual Exploitation Of Enslaved Women In The Urban Deep South, Sarah Eiland May 2020

A White Man's World: The Sexual Exploitation Of Enslaved Women In The Urban Deep South, Sarah Eiland

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the 19th century American South White slave traders and white slave owners exploited female slaves for their own monetary or personal gain. For slave owners, the inherent value of enslaved women was connected to their reproductive abilities. Enslaved women were often expected to, by virtue of their bodies, perpetuate slavery and submit to the impulses of white slaveholding men. To explore the experiences of enslaved women who lived in the urban Deep South, the slave trade and population of four regionally important cities will be discussed. Memphis, Tennessee; Nashville, Tennessee; Vicksburg, Mississippi; and Mobile, Alabama, were each home to ...


Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee May 2020

Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind: Is Trauma Too Important To Be Erased, Eleanor Mcnamee

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Trauma is largely responsible for shaping personalities and self-concepts. Tragedies in life can cause shifts in behavior or can negatively affect mental health in the way of disorders such as PTSD, anxiety, or depression. Furthermore, the effect of traumatic events on identity depends on a plethora of factors including spirituality, values, gender, the details of the event (e.g. a natural disaster vs. sexual assault), and whether justice was reached. In this regard, whether a traumatic event will help or hinder identity development is nebulous. Any helpful changes due to trauma can also come at any point after the event ...


Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong May 2020

Human Suffering In North Korea, Jessup Jong

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Why is there a growing divide between communities working on human rights advocacy and humanitarian aid delivery in North Korea? At first glance, it is easy to think that humanitarian aid workers and human rights advocates for North Korea must be working towards the same goals because they sound similar. The definition of the two areas indeed overlap, but there has arguably been no reconciliation or formal cooperation. Whether it happens in academic scholarship, politics, or personal Twitter feuds, professionals working on these two areas describe an increasing sense of divide that often puts them in conflict. Three factors (ideological ...


Evolution To Madness: An Analysis Into The Violent Disparity Between 19th And 20th Century Serbian Nationalisms, David Castillo May 2020

Evolution To Madness: An Analysis Into The Violent Disparity Between 19th And 20th Century Serbian Nationalisms, David Castillo

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Through the utilization of a comparative analysis between 19th-century Serbian expansionism and the nationalistic movement of the 20th century, I argue that Serbia's late-20th century nationalistic expansion efforts were so much more violent than the earlier episode because of the content espoused by the ideologies themselves. This work seeks to develop an understanding of early Serbian imperial aspirations of the 19th century through analyzing official policy regarding territorial expansion into neighboring Balkan states. However, the egregious violence seen at the end of the 20th century demonstrates a clear divergence from said imperial beginnings. I argue that the difference in ...


Disabilities And Capabilities: A Challenge To Martha Nussbaum's Central Capabilities, Helen Bluemel Witte May 2020

Disabilities And Capabilities: A Challenge To Martha Nussbaum's Central Capabilities, Helen Bluemel Witte

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Philosopher Martha Nussbaum, in her book "Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach" (2011), purports that all humans should be granted ten fundamental entitlements, which are the components necessary for a person to have a flourishing and satisfying life. Although her requirements are fairly broad in scope, her entitlements- such as the ability to experience emotions and to have a normal lifespan- raise some questions regarding whether they apply to all people. More specifically, how do these capabilities relate to people with disabilities? In the chapter, “Capabilities and Contemporary Issues,” Nussbaum proclaims that the “problem of disability is vast” (151). Why ...


The Short Story Cycle And What We Should Be Thinking, Julie Kramer May 2020

The Short Story Cycle And What We Should Be Thinking, Julie Kramer

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The short story is often misunderstood, with some even going so far as to state short stories are for those who don't have the talent or drive to complete longer works. However, I find the opposite is true. A good author can draw from their experiences to make even the shortest work feel like it is the only thing that a reader should be reading. Novelist and short-story writer Susan Minot was a strong influence on my cycle, called "The End of the Beginning". Like her, I chose to create a set of characters and move in sequential order ...


Exploring Community Supports For South Asian Women Experiencing Domestic Violence: Narratives From Survivors, Cody Thompson May 2020

Exploring Community Supports For South Asian Women Experiencing Domestic Violence: Narratives From Survivors, Cody Thompson

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

According to the World Health Organization (2017) the United Nations defines domestic violence as any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. The prevalence of domestic violence (DV) is higher among the South Asian population living in the US as compared to the general population. For example, in the US, the lifetime prevalence of DV is around 20% (Devries et al., 2013), however, within the South Asian ...


A Woman's Spirit, Taylor King May 2020

A Woman's Spirit, Taylor King

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress was an immensely popular novel that played an important role in Louisa's education and is often referenced in her own popular novel Little Women. Both novels aspire to teach their readers how to be good Christians with high morals and few desires through their characters whom they humanize through faults and improper actions, Bunyan mostly from the male gaze and Alcott through the female. But it is the author's treatment of their female characters and their actions that has garnered my attention. Using both texts, a variety of literary criticism, and biographical ...


Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis' "Jr", Ryan Andrew Paragas Hacek May 2020

Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis' "Jr", Ryan Andrew Paragas Hacek

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper analyzes the relation between linguistic and extra-linguistic agency (as conceptualized by GWF Hegel) in the capitalist systems of postmodern literature. The subject of the paper is William Gaddis' "JR" and how it uses disjointed communication (from telephone conversations to clashing dialogue snippets) to express the chaos of late-stage capitalism. This paper argues that one can use Gaddis' narrative to analyze the significance of Hegel's account of agency for our own contemporary world, because Gaddis depicts individuals in capitalism having different forms of agency within different echelons and through different projects. This corresponds to Hegel's agency system ...


How Do We Commemorate War? The Message And Culture Of The Soldier's And Sailor's Monument, Sarah Lavin May 2020

How Do We Commemorate War? The Message And Culture Of The Soldier's And Sailor's Monument, Sarah Lavin

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The way in which a society chooses to memorialize war creates what Low and Oliver refer to as a "culture of commemoration" (Low and Oliver, 2012). This paper explores the ethical ideals expressed in The Soldier's and Sailor's Monument in Cleveland, Ohio from 1894 by analyzing the form, function, impact, and reception of the piece. This monument combines ancient traditions and modern ideals through the combination of a dedicatory column with lists of names and a powerful visual narrative. I will place this war memorial in dialogue with three others: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall in D.C ...


Ascendance And Transformation: Humanizing Trio First Generation Students Of Color And Their Stem Empowerment Agents, Vanessa Nicole Torres May 2020

Ascendance And Transformation: Humanizing Trio First Generation Students Of Color And Their Stem Empowerment Agents, Vanessa Nicole Torres

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The TRiO program has the ability to mentor Black and Latinx students of color into pathways that can minimize the gap in educational attainment. Stanton-Salazar (2011) explains how mentorship in the form of empowerment agents among working-class students of color furthers their access to institutional support that is empowering for them in combination with their critical consciousness as they navigate STEM as a field and career choice (as cited in V. Pendakur, 2016). In other words, a mentor becomes a tool for action for this student population to transform themselves and their community. The TRiO STEM educators involved in California ...


Paving A Path To Privatization: The History Of Healthcare In Detroit, Yasmeen Berry May 2020

Paving A Path To Privatization: The History Of Healthcare In Detroit, Yasmeen Berry

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My research project provides insight into the privatization of the public Detroit General Hospital. I examine the reasoning and objections behind giving the only public hospital at the time, the Detroit General Hospital, to a private company, the Detroit Medical Center. I also examine if the argument for privatization of hospital management in Detroit is similar to the argument in education that creating charter schools would create healthy competition and improve the overall quality of education in Detroit. The benefits of privatization were more efficient care, less costs for the city government, more up-to-date equipment, and more competition between hospitals ...


Exploring The Intersections Of Gender In 1980s Horror Franchises, William Zach Turner May 2020

Exploring The Intersections Of Gender In 1980s Horror Franchises, William Zach Turner

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

There are few places better to look in order to understand cultural norms and anxieties than horror, and horror franchises offer a unique narrative on these anxieties in that they provide the ability to extend themselves outside of their initial period of conception, revising their storylines to respond to critiques and better meet the needs of new generations of audiences. However, there has been little work done on what these franchises that extend for decades tell us about how cultural norms change and how franchises adapt their narratives to better address shifting cultural anxieties. To better understand this phenomenon, my ...


The Divided Consciousness: A Historiographical Analysis Of Thomas Becket, Thomas Wolsey, And Thomas More, Olivia Stankus May 2020

The Divided Consciousness: A Historiographical Analysis Of Thomas Becket, Thomas Wolsey, And Thomas More, Olivia Stankus

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

For a period of time, Thomas à Becket, Thomas Wolsey, and Thomas More each served both the Roman Catholic pope and king of England, simultaneously possessing secular and spiritual power, with all of the complexity and contradiction that this entailed. Despite their similar positions, the historical legacies of these men differ drastically. More and Becket, although separated by over three hundred years, are often categorized together, even twinned, due to their deaths at hands of their kings and posthumous canonization; conversely, Wolsey and More are occasionally compared, as rough contemporaries. This study addresses a significant limit to the existing literature ...


The Incarnation Of Krishna: In Jhumpa Lahiri's "The Treatment Of Bibi Haldar", Sara White May 2020

The Incarnation Of Krishna: In Jhumpa Lahiri's "The Treatment Of Bibi Haldar", Sara White

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Jhumpa Lahiri's "The Treatment of Bibi Haldar" is a short story belonging to her 1991 Interpreter of Maladies collection. As such, the story's female protagonist, Bibi Haldar, suffers from an unknown illness. Although unnamed, the ailment appears to be epileptic, which Lahiri later confirms in an interview. As the title suggests, a majority of scholarship surrounding the text focuses on Bibi's mistreatment as a women within traditional Indian society. This essay, however, offers a different reading. Instead of focusing on Bibi's disposition to convey a feminist interpretation of the text, this essay offers a reading of ...


The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang May 2020

The Tweet Speaks For Itself: A Case Study Of The "St. Louis Manifest" Twitter Account, Zili Chang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Historians have long studied the concept of a "usable past" understood as the selective application of the past to the present to establish identity or achieve a goal. In the twenty-first century, this concept has become pertinent to social media platforms, which have changed the way humans engage in activism. One important intersection of history, social media, and activism converges in a Twitter account titled "St. Louis Manifest." The account is a curated site of memory, and as the most recent evolution of the story of the 1939 Jewish refugee ship, the M.S. St. Louis, it serves as a ...


Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna May 2020

Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

More than 213,000 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have been apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from the start of fiscal year (FY) 2014 through January 31, 2019. The U.S. Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) is responsible for processing and sheltering the minors who are typically placed with a parent or other adult relative in the U.S., a family friend, or in foster care. Unaccompanied minors wait months, even years, for their cases to be decided in immigration court. Informal relief or no proper legal status ...


"Unsex Me Here": Feminizing Crime In Macbeth, King Lear, And Titus Andronicus, Annalie Buscarino May 2020

"Unsex Me Here": Feminizing Crime In Macbeth, King Lear, And Titus Andronicus, Annalie Buscarino

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Scholarship on Lady Macbeth's criminality frames her both as an altruistic offender whose deviance serves her husband and as a masculine anomaly whose deviance discards her femininity. Conforming to her womanhood as a principle in the second degree but rejecting it as a masculine anomaly, Lady Macbeth is confined to an identity that is neither domestic nor deviant, neither effeminate nor masculine. Despite her resulting state of liminality, Lady Macbeth is punished for her deviance with an offstage supposed suicide that demands no attention from the playwright whose focus is rather on her equally criminal and unequally glorified husband ...


A Gender Analysis Of William Livingston's Library Collection Examining Readings For Women In Eighteenth- Century America, Analia Arrieta May 2020

A Gender Analysis Of William Livingston's Library Collection Examining Readings For Women In Eighteenth- Century America, Analia Arrieta

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Governor William Livingston was one of the first founders of the New York Society Library, first-elected governor of New Jersey, and author of weekly essays in "The Independent Reflector." Livingston's extensive collection of books spans a multitude of genres. Based on his works, Livingston concluded that his ideal image of an exemplary woman would be one educated, but not superseding or equivalent to him in intellect. In Philosophical Solitude, Livingston stated "Sublime her reason, and her native wit/ Unstain'd with pedantry, and low conceit." One can determine the influence Livingston's work had upon his families' educational upbringing ...


Whaling In Japan: Conflicts And Controversies Surrounding A Dying Tradition, Ashley Harrell May 2020

Whaling In Japan: Conflicts And Controversies Surrounding A Dying Tradition, Ashley Harrell

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

"From pre-historic to modern times, whales remain an exploitable resources ”though in recent decades the controversy surrounding whaling has yielded economical, political, and social double-standards on a domestic and global scale. Through reading anti-whaling and international organization statements, government documents, and statistical data, this paper examines the history of three countries”Japan, Norway, and the U.S.”to compare the double-standards presented against Japan.

While Norway whales with relatively little backlash, Japan ostensibly faces the brunt of the criticisms. Similarly, the U.S. which once maintained a burgeoning whaling industry now supports ending whaling, and this change reflects whaling's ...


Why Can't We Be Friends: Use Of Imagined Contact In Changing Attitudes Towards Outgroups, Audrey Greder, Rachel Kain, Olivia Lutz, Rachel Miyazaki May 2020

Why Can't We Be Friends: Use Of Imagined Contact In Changing Attitudes Towards Outgroups, Audrey Greder, Rachel Kain, Olivia Lutz, Rachel Miyazaki

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The contact hypothesis states that a person or group is more likely to have a positive attitude towards an outgroup when put into direct contact with a member or several members of an outgroup. Research has shown, however, that simply imagining the contact can illicit the same outcomes in attitude changes. An applied research experiment was conducted to test whether the used of imagined contact scenarios would improve attitudes towards outgroups. Partially replicating an experiment by Bagci, Piyale, Bircek, and Ebcim (2018), seventy-six participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups, including, the control group, the imagined contact group ...


What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi May 2020

What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Freedom, a ubiquitous word in Western Civilization, can be interpreted as the entitlement of a citizen to speak, act, or think without repression from certain authorities. It is true that as a citizen of a democratic country, a citizen is free to participate in political deliberations that pertain their right to debate and vote. This definition, however, applies to citizens of a state, not the individuals who are a part of the broader civilization. As soon as a citizen transforms into an individual residing in society, they are still haunted by the fetters that strip their freedom away from them ...


Sex, Drugs, And Human Sacrifice: The Exploration Of Iguanas As Visual Representations Of Spiritual Conduits/Portals In Mochica Sacrifice Scenes, Christina Nicole Conti May 2020

Sex, Drugs, And Human Sacrifice: The Exploration Of Iguanas As Visual Representations Of Spiritual Conduits/Portals In Mochica Sacrifice Scenes, Christina Nicole Conti

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper will diverge from the viewpoint that the Mochica line drawings are representations of the Mochica elite. It will explore the deeper symbolism behind the idea of the iguana as a visual metaphor for a portal to the spiritual realm in Mochica visual culture. I will focus specifically on the analysis of Mochica line drawings from ceremonial vessels. The analysis of these vessels will show that Iguana exists as a representation of a spiritual conduit, i.e., a portal between this world and the next--that Iguana exists outside of reality but has a foot in both realms. The use ...