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Philosophy

2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1169

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Schaffer And Monism: Validating The Priority Of The Whole, Phillip Av Pennell Dec 2015

Schaffer And Monism: Validating The Priority Of The Whole, Phillip Av Pennell

CMC Senior Theses

Philosophy Thesis


The Visual Memoir Project: Searching For An Art Of Memory, Blake Smith Dec 2015

The Visual Memoir Project: Searching For An Art Of Memory, Blake Smith

Marilyn Zurmuehlen Working Papers in Art Education

This essay describes an in-progress arts-based dissertation project that attempts “visual life writing” (Sinner & Owen, 2011) as photographic memoir. Spanning several years to date, the series addresses the idea of visually archiving the self through an everyday photographic ritual. Ruminations on loss, presence/absence, and the passage of time are given creative and emotional consideration from behind the camera. Through narrative reflections on my experiences as an artist, teacher, and researcher, the process of art-making is brought alongside the images themselves. Drawing as its subject matter selected scenes, encounters, and objects from everyday life, I share how the project came ...


Hesse's Steppenwolf As Modern Ethical Fiction, Michał Koza Dec 2015

Hesse's Steppenwolf As Modern Ethical Fiction, Michał Koza

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Hesse's Steppenwolf as Modern Ethical Fiction" Michał Koza discusses the significance of "ethical fiction" in modern literature. Such fiction, according to Kant, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche, are not only milestones of ethical thinking, but more importantly offer a narrative for self-creation as an ethical subject. Harry Haller, the protagonist of Hermann Hesse's Steppenwolf, is a man living on the border of modern subjectivity embodying a cultural and existential crisis. Koza argues that "ethical reading" enables one to see the relation between philosophy and literature that not only enter in a dialogue with each other, but also ...


Book Review On The Philosophical Challenge From China (Edited By Brian Bruya), Hans Van Eyghen Dec 2015

Book Review On The Philosophical Challenge From China (Edited By Brian Bruya), Hans Van Eyghen

Comparative Philosophy

In this paper, I review the book The Philosophical Challenge from China, edited by Brian Bruya. I critically discuss each of the 13 contributions.


Buddhist Phenomenology And The Problem Of Essence, Jingjing Li Dec 2015

Buddhist Phenomenology And The Problem Of Essence, Jingjing Li

Comparative Philosophy

In this paper, I intend to make a case for Buddhist phenomenology. By Buddhist phenomenology, I mean a phenomenological interpretation of Yogācāra’s doctrine of consciousness. Yet, this interpretation will be vulnerable if I do not justify the way in which the anti-essentialistic Buddhist philosophy can countenance the Husserlian essence. I dub this problem of compatibility between Buddhist and phenomenology the ‘problem of essence’. Nevertheless, I argue that this problem will not jeopardize Buddhist phenomenology because: 1) Yogācārins, especially late Yogācārins represented by Xuanzang do not articulate emptiness as a negation but as an affirmation of the existent; 2) Husserl ...


Sunyata In The West, David Grandy Dec 2015

Sunyata In The West, David Grandy

Comparative Philosophy

I argue that sunyata, or something like it, manifested itself in early Western thought. While Plato and Aristotle resisted emptiness or nothingness, they nevertheless felt themselves obliged to venture close to its edge in order to ground their explanations of changing reality to unchanging principles. These principles (Plato’s receptacle and Aristotle’s prime matter) embody much of the indeterminancy long associated with the Mahayana understanding of sunyata. Although their function was to enable lasting (static) explanations of reality by putting change out of play, they themselves shade off toward a featureless being evocative of non-being. Moving along a somewhat ...


Moral Saints, Hindu Sages, And The Good Life, Christopher G. Framarin Dec 2015

Moral Saints, Hindu Sages, And The Good Life, Christopher G. Framarin

Comparative Philosophy

Roy W. Perrett argues that the Hindu sage, like the western moral saint, seems precluded from pursuing non-moral ends for their own sakes. If he is precluded from pursuing non-moral ends for their own sakes, then he is precluded from pursuing non-moral virtues, interests, activities, relationships, and so on for their own sakes. A life devoid of every such pursuit seems deficient. Hence, the Hindu sage seems to forsake the good life. In response, I adapt a reply that Vanessa Carbonell offers in the context of the moral saint. The Hindu sage might pursue non-moral virtues, interests, activities, relationships, and ...


The Social Nature Of Individual Self-Identity: Akan And Narrative Conceptions Of Personhood, Corey L. Barnes Dec 2015

The Social Nature Of Individual Self-Identity: Akan And Narrative Conceptions Of Personhood, Corey L. Barnes

Comparative Philosophy

Marya Schechtman has given us reasons to think that there are different questions that compose personal identity. On the one hand, there is the question of reidentification, which concerns what makes a person the same person through different time-slices. On the other hand, there is the question of characterization, which concerns the actions, experiences, beliefs, values, desires, character traits, etc. that we take to be attributable to a person over time. While leaving the former question for another work, Schechtman answers the latter question by proposing what she terms the narrative self-constitution view, whereby Schechtman claims that we account for ...


Vol 7 No 1 Contents Page Dec 2015

Vol 7 No 1 Contents Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 7 No 1 Information Page Dec 2015

Vol 7 No 1 Information Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Vol 7 No 1 Cover Page Dec 2015

Vol 7 No 1 Cover Page

Comparative Philosophy

No abstract provided.


Elaboration In Dependent Type Theory, Leonardo De Moura, Jeremy Avigad, Soonho Kong, Cody Roux Dec 2015

Elaboration In Dependent Type Theory, Leonardo De Moura, Jeremy Avigad, Soonho Kong, Cody Roux

Department of Philosophy

To be usable in practice, interactive theorem provers need to provide convenient and efficient means of writing expressions, definitions, and proofs. This involves inferring information that is often left implicit in an ordinary mathematical text, and resolving ambiguities in mathematical expressions. We refer to the process of passing from a quasi-formal and partially-specified expression to a completely precise formal one as elaboration. We describe an elaboration algorithm for dependent type theory that has been implemented in the Lean theorem prover. Lean’s elaborator supports higher-order unification, type class inference, ad hoc overloading, insertion of coercions, the use of tactics, and ...


Poetics Of Cinema: An Exploration Of Poetry In The Nonverbal Medium, Alexander Dulak Dec 2015

Poetics Of Cinema: An Exploration Of Poetry In The Nonverbal Medium, Alexander Dulak

Research & Exhibition

The concept of poetry remains today an ambiguous and divisive issue. The definitions set forward by scholars, critics and poets range from highly structural, relying on elements of rhythm verse etc. to those based on a prevalence of passion and emotion. Still, among all this uncertainty we don’t stop and move on to attribute poetic qualities to nonverbal mediums - cinema being a profound example of such a phenomenon. How is it then, that the language of poetry is in theory explicable and practically possible in cinema? Since poetry tends to express itself through language, I would like to examine ...


Moore On The Mind, Stephen J. Morse Dec 2015

Moore On The Mind, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

In revised form, this chapter will be published in a volume, Legal, Moral, and Metaphysical Truths: The Philosophy of Michael S. Moore, a festschrift for Michael Moore edited by Professor Kimberly Ferzan and me for Oxford University Press. The chapter first addresses a particular approach to foundational metaphysical issues in the philosophy of mind, action and responsibility that I term “Spockian solutions,” which are home remedies modeled on those found in the baby and child care book of famed pediatrician, the late Dr. Benjamin Spock. It then engages with Moore’s work on a variety of topics concerning action and ...


A Critical Analysis Of Neural Buddhism's Explanation Of Moral Transformation, Jeffrey R. Dickson Dec 2015

A Critical Analysis Of Neural Buddhism's Explanation Of Moral Transformation, Jeffrey R. Dickson

Eleutheria

As non-theistic arguments for morality become increasingly sophisticated and complex, they are harder to criticize without first admiring their skillful design and near-artistry. One such argument involves a relatively new innovation that is the child of naturalism and eastern philosophy—Neural Buddhism. Like two world-renowned designers collaborating on a new garment, Naturalism and Buddhism have come together in this distinct program to offer something inventive, especially in its explanation of moral transformation. However, this critical analysis will ultimately reveal that Neural Buddhism’s explanation of moral transformation is incapable of providing good answers to several compelling criticisms.


Unique History, Unique Opportunity: Evangelicalism In Austria Since 1945, John D. Doss M.Div. Dec 2015

Unique History, Unique Opportunity: Evangelicalism In Austria Since 1945, John D. Doss M.Div.

Eleutheria

The article deals with the history of evangelicalism in Austria, a subject on which there is hardly any scholarly research. In focus is the development of the newly recognized baptist, charismatic, mainline evangelical, mennonite and pentecostal denominations since 1945. The role of immigration in the growth of evangelicalism is examined, especially during two periods: the decade after WWII (1945-55) as well as the massive immigration from Eastern Europe (particularly from Romania) after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989. The article also presents examples of indigenous church movements among the Austrian people themselves, especially during the 1970's and ...


Book Reviews, Various Authors Dec 2015

Book Reviews, Various Authors

Eleutheria

Book Reviews


Letter From The Editor, Managing Editor Dec 2015

Letter From The Editor, Managing Editor

Eleutheria

Letter from the Editor


An Incongruent Amalgamation: John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism On Naturalism, Jeffrey M. Robinson Dec 2015

An Incongruent Amalgamation: John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism On Naturalism, Jeffrey M. Robinson

Eleutheria

John Stuart Mill's utilitarian principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number, often surfaces in cultural debates in the contemporary West over the extent and foundations of moral duties. Given the drift from its historical Judeo-Christian moorings, naturalism now provides much of the epistemic grounding in Western culture in relation to moral duties. The amalgamation of Mill’s utilitarianism and naturalism has resulted in a cultural and epistemic disconnect. Naturalism is hard-pressed to provide consistent epistemic support for Mill’s utilitarian principle. This essay provides a number of suggestions as to why Mill’s utilitarianism may be inconsistent ...


Moral Sense Theory And The Development Of Kant's Ethics, Michael H. Walschots Dec 2015

Moral Sense Theory And The Development Of Kant's Ethics, Michael H. Walschots

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation investigates a number of ways in which an eighteenth century British philosophical movement known as “moral sense theory” influenced the development of German philosopher Immanuel Kant’s (1724-1804) moral theory. I illustrate that Kant found both moral sense theory’s conception of moral judgement and its conception of moral motivation appealing during the earliest stage of his philosophical development, but eventually came to reject its conception of moral judgement, though even in his early writings Kant preserves certain features of its conception of moral motivation. In the mature presentation of his moral philosophy Kant offers detailed objections to ...


Abolir Las Prisiones! Y Si Al Despertar Sócrates Hubiera Encontrado A Mumia Abu-Jamal En Lugar De Critón? (Abolish The Prison! What If It Was Mumia Abu-Jamal Instead Of Crito Who Socrates Encountered When He Woke Up?Tle, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro Dec 2015

Abolir Las Prisiones! Y Si Al Despertar Sócrates Hubiera Encontrado A Mumia Abu-Jamal En Lugar De Critón? (Abolish The Prison! What If It Was Mumia Abu-Jamal Instead Of Crito Who Socrates Encountered When He Woke Up?Tle, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

En este artículo argumento que de cara a la realidad de segregación racial en los Estados Unidos el argumento de Sócrates en el Critón, a propósito del respeto a las leyes de la ciudad, no se sigue. Sustituyendo a Critón por Mumia Abu-Jamal en un imaginario diálogo trans-histórico sobre la justicia en relación con la ley, en este artículo defiendo una praxis política más radical y contestataria de cara a la coyuntura actual del encarcelamiento masivo de la gente negra en los Estados Unidos.


Situationism And The Promise Of Virtue Ethics, Richard Barclay Holmes Dec 2015

Situationism And The Promise Of Virtue Ethics, Richard Barclay Holmes

Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, I argue that it is possible to develop an empirically adequate form of virtue ethics even if one grants that situationism is true. I define situationism as a skeptical thesis about globalism, or the thesis that temporally stable and trans-situationally consistent character and personality traits are widely instantiated. Situationists such as John Doris and Gilbert Harman argue that globalism is an empirically inadequate thesis. While I accept Doris and Harman’s situationist thesis, they also make a further argument which is the subject of this dissertation. They argue that since globalism is empirically inadequate and Aristotelian virtue ...


Judgment, Philippe Nonet Dec 2015

Judgment, Philippe Nonet

Philippe Nonet

No abstract provided.


The Structure Of Atkins’ New Diet Revolution: Proposing A Paradigm Shift In Fighting Obesity, Catherine Womack Dec 2015

The Structure Of Atkins’ New Diet Revolution: Proposing A Paradigm Shift In Fighting Obesity, Catherine Womack

Catherine A. Womack

No abstract provided.


Categories Of Constraint And Avenues Of Freedom: Proposing Collective Agency For Addressing Problems Of Obesity, Catherine Womack Dec 2015

Categories Of Constraint And Avenues Of Freedom: Proposing Collective Agency For Addressing Problems Of Obesity, Catherine Womack

Catherine A. Womack

No abstract provided.


Do You Sincerely Want To Be Radical, Phillip Johnson Dec 2015

Do You Sincerely Want To Be Radical, Phillip Johnson

Phillip Johnson

No abstract provided.


What Is Positive Law, Philippe Nonet Dec 2015

What Is Positive Law, Philippe Nonet

Philippe Nonet

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Representation: The Role Of The Gaze In Pornography, Jennifer Jeffers Dec 2015

The Politics Of Representation: The Role Of The Gaze In Pornography, Jennifer Jeffers

Jennifer M. Jeffers

An accessible reader/text for beginning students of philosophy, this volume offers a broad scope of diverse classic and contemporary selections – with a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. The readings are grouped around major philosophic themes: logic, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of art, and social and political philosophy. It also offers a selection of readings from Eastern philosophy.


Hearts Are Trump, Not Donald, Gregory J. Brock Dec 2015

Hearts Are Trump, Not Donald, Gregory J. Brock

Gregory J. Brock

No abstract provided.


Reasoning Across Differences: A Modest Proposal For Expanding Experimental Philosophy, Catherine Womack Dec 2015

Reasoning Across Differences: A Modest Proposal For Expanding Experimental Philosophy, Catherine Womack

Catherine A. Womack

This presentation is part of the Facts in Feminist Philosophy track. Experimental philosophy, (henceforth called X-Phi), represents a departure from traditional philosophy; instead of privileging intuitions of professional philosophers to analyze concepts like moral responsibility, knowledge, intentional action, etc., X-phi catalogs and analyzes the intuitions of ordinary people (that is, non-philosophers) about scenarios designed to uncover the concepts found in standard usage. It formulates explanations of those intuitions that may reveal more complex and nuanced philosophical concepts. X-philosophers create variations of standard philosophical thought-experiments (like that old chestnut, the trolley case) in order to test out their own hypotheses about ...