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Philosophy

2014

Ethics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Ethics Of Animal Research: A Survey Of Pediatric Health Care Workers, Nathan Nobis, Meredith Bara, Ari R. Joffe, Natalie Anton Dec 2014

The Ethics Of Animal Research: A Survey Of Pediatric Health Care Workers, Nathan Nobis, Meredith Bara, Ari R. Joffe, Natalie Anton

Morehouse Faculty Publications

Introduction

Pediatric health care workers (HCW) often perform, promote, and advocate use of public funds for animal research (AR). We aim to determine whether HCW consider common arguments (and counterarguments) in support (or not) of AR convincing.

Design

After development and validation, an e-mail survey was sent to all pediatricians and pediatric intensive care unit nurses and respiratory therapists (RTs) affiliated with a Canadian University. We presented questions about demographics, support for AR, and common arguments (with their counterarguments) to justify the moral permissibility (or not) of AR. Responses are reported using standard tabulations. Responses of pediatricians and nurses/RTs ...


Love And Ethics In The Works Of J. M. E. Mctaggart, Trevor J. Bieber Dec 2014

Love And Ethics In The Works Of J. M. E. Mctaggart, Trevor J. Bieber

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation attempts to make contributions to normative ethics and to the history of philosophy. First, it contributes to the defense of consequentialist ethics against objections grounded upon the value of loving relationships. Secondly, it provides the first systematic account of John M. E. McTaggart’s (1866-1925) ethical theory and its relation to his philosophy of love.

According to (maximizing) consequentialist ethics, it is always morally wrong to knowingly do what will make the world worse-off than it could have been (i.e., had one chosen one of the other courses of action available to one at the time). Many ...


The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel Dec 2014

The Green Staff Of Asclepius: Envisioning Sustainable Medicine, Jason Lee Fishel

Doctoral Dissertations

To make society sustainable our institutions must also become sustainable. As an institution, health care contributes to environmental degradation. While unsurprising, contributions to environmental degradation increase risk factors for disease and illness, effectively frustrating the goals of medicine. To find ways to make health care sustainable I begin by reviewing the literature on sustainability from within environmental ethics and two previous attempts at envisioning sustainable health care in order to learn what to include in a vision of sustainable health care. Then I examine problems specific to making medicine sustainable by investigating how sustainability might affect the principles of medicine ...


Lexical Dichotomy And Ethics In Macbeth, Lindsey Simon-Jones Nov 2014

Lexical Dichotomy And Ethics In Macbeth, Lindsey Simon-Jones

Selected Papers of the Ohio Valley Shakespeare Conference

No abstract provided.


“Much Virtue In If”: Ethics And Uncertainty In Hamlet And As You Like It, David Summers Nov 2014

“Much Virtue In If”: Ethics And Uncertainty In Hamlet And As You Like It, David Summers

Selected Papers of the Ohio Valley Shakespeare Conference

No abstract provided.


Time Served In Prison Shakespeare, Niels Herold, Matt Wallace Nov 2014

Time Served In Prison Shakespeare, Niels Herold, Matt Wallace

Selected Papers of the Ohio Valley Shakespeare Conference

No abstract provided.


Emplotting Virtue: A Narrative Approach To Environmental Virtue Ethics, Brian Treanor Nov 2014

Emplotting Virtue: A Narrative Approach To Environmental Virtue Ethics, Brian Treanor

Faculty Pub Night

No abstract provided.


Commentary On "Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism", Maia Bernick Sep 2014

Commentary On "Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism", Maia Bernick

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

Commentary on "Narrow Bridge Games and Their Rescue of Rational Constraints in Moral Contractualism"


Persimals, Steven Luper Aug 2014

Persimals, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

What sort of thing, fundamentally, are you and I? For convenience, I use the term persimal to refer to the kind of thing we are, whatever that kind turns out to be. Accordingly, the question is, what are persimals? One possible answer is that persimalhood consists in being a human animal, but many theorists, including Derek Parfit and Jeff McMahan, not to mention John Locke, reject this idea in favor of a radically different view, according to which persimalhood consists in having certain sorts of mental or psychological features. In this essay, I try to show that the animalist approach ...


A Philosophical Analysis Of Ethics Education In The Canadian National Coaching Certification Program For Rowing, Mark M. Williams Aug 2014

A Philosophical Analysis Of Ethics Education In The Canadian National Coaching Certification Program For Rowing, Mark M. Williams

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation applies a conception of rationality from the philosophy of science to the coaching education context. The purpose of this dissertation is to present an account of how the exercise of judgment by coaches facing ethical dilemmas can be rational. The discussion in this dissertation begins with a traditional account of rationality that has long been a staple of moral philosophy. Next, the influence of this model in the current Canadian rowing coach education program are highlighted, as are its limitations in providing a complete account of rational ethical-decision making in the coaching context. After establishing these limitations, an ...


On Good People: A New Defense Of Rule-Consequentialism, Ryan Jenkins Aug 2014

On Good People: A New Defense Of Rule-Consequentialism, Ryan Jenkins

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Rule-consequentialism is an ethical theory that does a better job than any other of justifying our moral intuitions from a single overarching principle. My dissertation defends a novel formulation of this view as an account of a good person.

First, I argue that a rule-consequentialist does “what a good person would do,” and that if everyone were like her, the world would be as good as possible.

Second, good people sometimes do more than is required of them, and so a theory of the good person must explain supererogation, i.e. “going above and beyond the call of duty.”

Third ...


Is Food Marketing Making Us Fat? Fat Cats Vs Dogmatists., Stephen Holden Jul 2014

Is Food Marketing Making Us Fat? Fat Cats Vs Dogmatists., Stephen Holden

Stephen S Holden

For many, it seems obvious that food marketing is making us fat. The anger and outrage that was once evoked by tobacco companies is now being repackaged and aimed at ‘Big Food’ (Hennessy, 2014). But is it justified, is food marketing the cause of obesity? And in any case, does outrage and dogmatism help solve the problem? This paper suggests that blaming the marketers, both Big Food and "lazy leisure", is a disputable claim, and dangerously shifts responsibility from individuals to external agents.


Philosophy And Theology: End Of Life Questions, Christopher Kaczor Jul 2014

Philosophy And Theology: End Of Life Questions, Christopher Kaczor

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense Of Limits ", James Mcbain Jul 2014

Review Of "Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense Of Limits ", James Mcbain

Faculty Submissions

Review of "Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits" by Nicholas Agar.


Hypothetical Necessity And The Laws Of Nature: John Locke On God's Legislative Power, Elliot Rossiter Jun 2014

Hypothetical Necessity And The Laws Of Nature: John Locke On God's Legislative Power, Elliot Rossiter

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The focus of my dissertation is a general and comprehensive examination of Locke’s view of divine power. My basic argument is that John Locke is a theological voluntarist in his understanding of God’s creative and providential relationship with the world, including both the natural and moral order. As a voluntarist, Locke holds that God freely imposes both the physical and moral laws of nature onto creation by means of his will: this contrasts with the intellectualist perspective in which the laws of nature emerge from the essences of things. For Locke, there are no intrinsically necessary laws in ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


The "Vast And Terrible" Trauma: American Literary Naturalism, Ethics, And Levinas, Tyler Joseph Efird May 2014

The "Vast And Terrible" Trauma: American Literary Naturalism, Ethics, And Levinas, Tyler Joseph Efird

Doctoral Dissertations

In an 1896 essay, Frank Norris wrote that the reading world should abandon those “teacup tragedies” to which it had grown accustomed and embrace a new literature that would depict a “vast and terrible drama.” Realism, Norris claimed, could not be used to achieve an earnest portrait of the conditions that mark individual lives under capitalism. Instead, the world needed a romantic wrestling with the forces of existential inscrutability. Also, the perceived need for literature to depict a clear ethical system needed revising from the perspective of American literary naturalism, a school long denigrated for apparent moral vacuity. Through excruciating ...


Reflections On Reading Plato And Aristotle At Lancaster, Daniel R. Denicola Apr 2014

Reflections On Reading Plato And Aristotle At Lancaster, Daniel R. Denicola

Philosophy Faculty Publications

While serving as a Visiting Fellow at Lancaster University, I was asked to lead an informal seminar on Classical Philosophy. It was to be a reading group of postgraduate students and staff, focusing on two foundational texts of Western civilization: Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. I happily accepted. The resulting two-hour, weekly sessions over Michaelmas Term were lively times of philosophical effervescence, full of probative questions, interesting interpretations, diverse evaluations, vigorous debates, and shared insights. Postmodernists engaged in the holy act of Interpreting the Text, we nonetheless strained to grasp the “true meaning” of the texts, to ...


Food Ontology And Distribution: Ethical Perception And The Food Object, Siobhan M. Watters Mar 2014

Food Ontology And Distribution: Ethical Perception And The Food Object, Siobhan M. Watters

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In predominantly service and information-based economies, the pivotal role food plays in the maintenance of life has arguably become neglected as an object of ethical and political contemplation. We often fail to realize that the incarceration of food by the commodity form degrades the food object itself as well as guaranteeing continued dependency on the wage. In a generalized commodity society, labour power is the only thing a person has to sell in order to buy her bread. This leaves us vulnerable in the event of an environmental crisis because we do not have direct access to food sources.

The ...


Past Desires And The Dead, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Past Desires And The Dead, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

I examine an argument that appears to take us from Parfit’s [Reasons and Persons, Oxford: Clarendon Press (1984)] thesis that we have no reason to fulfil desires we no longer care about to the conclusion that the effect of posthumous events on our desires is a matter of indifference (the post-mortem thesis). I suspect that many of Parfit’s readers, including Vorobej [Philosophical Studies 90 (1998) 305], think that he is committed to (something like) this reasoning, and that Parfit must therefore give up the post-mortem thesis. However, as it turns out, the argument is subtly equivocal and does ...


The Absurdity Of Life, Steven Luper Mar 2014

The Absurdity Of Life, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Retroactive Harms And Wrongs, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Retroactive Harms And Wrongs, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

According to t he immunity thesis, nothing that happens after we a re dead harms or benefits us . It seems defensible on the following basis : 1. If harmed (benefitted) by something , we incur the harm (benefit) at some time. 2. So if harmed (benefitted) by a postmortem event, we incur the harm (benefit) while alive or at some other time . 3. But if we incur the harm (benefit) while alive , backwards causation occurs. 4. And if we incur the harm (benefit) at any other time, we incur it at a time when we do not exist. 5 . Yet nothing incur ...


The Anatomy Of Aggression, Steven Luper Mar 2014

The Anatomy Of Aggression, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Competing For The Good Life, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Competing For The Good Life, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Annihilation, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Annihilation, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Death, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Death, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Adaptation, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Adaptation, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.


Exhausting Life, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Exhausting Life, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

Can we render death harmless to us by perfecting life, as the ancient Epicureans and Stoics seemed to think? It might seem so, for after we perfect life—assuming we can—persisting would not make life any better. Dying earlier rather than later would shorten life, but a longer perfect life is no better than a shorter perfect life, so dying would take nothing of value from us. However, after sketching what perfecting life might entail, I will argue that it is not a desirable approach to invulnerability after all.


Mortal Harm, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Mortal Harm, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

The harm thesis says that death may harm the individual who dies. The posthumous harm thesis says that posthumous events may harm those who die. Epicurus rejects both theses, claiming that there is no subject who is harmed, no clear harm which is received, and no clear time when any harm is received. Feldman rescues the harm thesis with solutions to Epicurus' three puzzles based on his own version of the deprivation account of harm. But many critics, among them Lamont, Grey, Feit and Bradley, have rejected Feldman's solution to the timing puzzle, offering their own solutions in its ...


Posthumous Harm, Steven Luper Mar 2014

Posthumous Harm, Steven Luper

Steven Luper

No abstract provided.