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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

The Hidden Point Of Intersection: Bio-Politics In Foucault And Agamben, Jason Walsh Sep 2014

The Hidden Point Of Intersection: Bio-Politics In Foucault And Agamben, Jason Walsh

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

The relationship between sovereignty and bio-politics has been frequently discussed and debated in the literature sounding the work of Michel Foucault and Giorgio Agamben. A number of commentators firmly align themselves with Foucault, charging Agamben with some combination of ahistoricism and reductionism in his account of sovereignty. They see Foucault as not guilty of these sins, and therefore preferable. Many of these critiques, however, arise from conflating two separate levels of analysis: history and power. By holding apart these two domains, I will attempt to offer a qualified defense of Agamben and subsequently show that he and Foucault are not ...


Commentary On "Contrasting Models Of The God-World Relation: Avicenna, Maimonides And Al-Shahrastani", Matthew Williams Sep 2014

Commentary On "Contrasting Models Of The God-World Relation: Avicenna, Maimonides And Al-Shahrastani", Matthew Williams

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

In his paper “Contrasting Models of the God-World Relationship: Avicenna, Maimonides and Al-Shahrasānī,” Harrington Critchley makes a very cogent argument for the superior adaptability of Avicenna’s model for the necessary existence of God, as compared to Maimonides’ and Al-Shahrasānī’s own. Though there are certainly problems to be found in Avicenna’s model, I would prefer to take this opportunity to admire rather than critique it.


Contrasting Models Of The God-World Relation: Avicenna, Maimonides And Al-Shahrastani", Harrington Critchley Sep 2014

Contrasting Models Of The God-World Relation: Avicenna, Maimonides And Al-Shahrastani", Harrington Critchley

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

This essay considers Avicenna’s conception of God as the ‘Necessary Existent’ and the subsequent uses of this designation in the thinking of Moses Maimonides and Muhammad Al-Shahrastānī. Specifically, it considers how this term affects each thinker’s understanding of God’s being ‘above perfection,’ as suggested by their respective intimations regarding what they take to be His most prominent attribute. In turn, these distinct understandings influence their contrasting models of the relationship between God and the created order. I demonstrate how Avicenna employs his modal categories in order to determine God’s attributes, pinpointing ‘necessity’ as the attribute that ...


Pragmatic-Expressivist Semantics In Ovid's Poetics, Jaryth Webber Sep 2014

Pragmatic-Expressivist Semantics In Ovid's Poetics, Jaryth Webber

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

The Augustan poets had at their disposal a vast storehouse of philosophical vocabulary, consimilar to their cache of both mythological and historical vocabularies. Vergil, for instance, had incorporated much of both the prevailing Epicureanism and the impending Stoicism of his age; the notion of philosophical appropriation in poetry as a defense against amphigory is superabundant in the aesthetics of Horace’s Ars Poetica:

Humano capiti ceruicem pictor equinam

iungere si uelit et uarias inducere plumas

undique collatis membris, ut turpiter atrum

desinat in piscem mulier formosa superne,

spectatum admissi, risum teneatis, amici? [i]

It would not be a maggoty, vagarious ...


Philosophical Consolation, Sam Taylor Sep 2014

Philosophical Consolation, Sam Taylor

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

In November of 2012 my father was diagnosed with a severe form of brain cancer. In this paper, I outline how I try to use the teachings of two philosophers, Epictetus and Albert Camus, to try and find solace and consolation my father’s diagnosis and fate.


By No Mere Means, Lu-Vada Dunford Sep 2014

By No Mere Means, Lu-Vada Dunford

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

Photographs are many things. The mechanical process by which photographs are generated ensures their factivity. The information they carry is independent of whatever a photographer might believe. We have faith in the veracity of photographs. And they are democratic. Anyone who has access to a camera has the means to image reality. But photographs are not just exemplar recordings. They can be so much more. Photographic art speaks to us and continuously inspires new personal realizations. But Scruton claims that to defend photography as art is to place in the hands of everyone the means to be an artist. I ...


Comments On ‘A Marxist Critique Of The Individual, Rational, Self-Interested, Wealth Maximizer”, Lee Pennebaker Sep 2014

Comments On ‘A Marxist Critique Of The Individual, Rational, Self-Interested, Wealth Maximizer”, Lee Pennebaker

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

This paper brings to light many pertinent observations and claims about the nature of individuals, our relationships to one another, and society as a whole. This paper appears to be deeply concerned with human psychology and the philosophical conditions that characterize it. I plan to focus my comments on both the psychological and normative aspects of the paper: specifically, concerns about the author’s[1] examination of the processes that shape our minds and the prevailing questions that almost certainly follow if these claims are true. In short, I would like to explore further the author’s examination of the ...


Unified Teleology: Paul Taylor's Biocentric Egalitarianism Through Aristotle, Zoe Grabow Sep 2014

Unified Teleology: Paul Taylor's Biocentric Egalitarianism Through Aristotle, Zoe Grabow

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

In this paper I examine the similarities between Paul Taylor’s and Aristotle’s teleological accounts as outlined in Taylor’s concept of biocentric egalitarianism from Respect for Nature and Aristotle’s concept of “for the sake of” from Politics I.8, and I show how Aristotle’s account can partially support Taylor’s. I discuss Aristotle’s virtue ethics and what they offer in terms of piecing together an environmental ethic, and I draw attention to an implied value—recipient value—that assigns significant worth to all living things “for the sake of” that is similar to Taylor’s ...


Divergent Teleology: A Response To Zoe Grabow’S Reconciliation Of Taylor And Aristotle, Austen Harrison Sep 2014

Divergent Teleology: A Response To Zoe Grabow’S Reconciliation Of Taylor And Aristotle, Austen Harrison

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

In this paper, I will provide a commentary of “Unified Teleology: Paul Taylor’s Biocentric Egalitarianism through Aristotle.” In addition to providing an account of Zoe Grabow’s reconciliation of Aristotle’s value ethics with Paul Taylor’s “respect for nature,” I will also attempt to offer a few thoughts on some of the primary philosophical tensions mentioned by Grabow. The most notable of these issues include the adoption of Aristotle’s ancient philosophy to a modern conception of environmental ethics, the limitations of Taylor’s “biocentric egalitarianism”, and the nature of the relationship between humans and the environment.


Commentary On "Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism", Maia Bernick Sep 2014

Commentary On "Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism", Maia Bernick

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

Commentary on "Narrow Bridge Games and Their Rescue of Rational Constraints in Moral Contractualism"


Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism, Gabriel Rusk Sep 2014

Narrow Bridge Games And Their Rescue Of Rational Constraints In Moral Contractualism, Gabriel Rusk

Puget Sound Undergraduate Philosophy Conference

Contractualism is a normative theory of ethics that posits that what an individual ought or ought not do arises from an antecedent (or prior) moral agreement, deliberation, or acknowledgement. The nature of this agreement, as in its conditions, such as the nature of the persons involved, the circumstances of the agreeing process, and the constraints on the process should produce the resulting deliberative and normative morality. In this paper I will explore the “constraint critique” of contractualism. First I will explore the necessary tenets of contractualism and why any constraints are necessary. Second, I will explain why contractualist agreements cannot ...


打造香港道德 = The (Re)Making Of The Hong Kong Ethic, Ching Yau May 2014

打造香港道德 = The (Re)Making Of The Hong Kong Ethic, Ching Yau

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

過去關於港人價值觀的論述一般認為華人難民社群有「功利家庭主義」的非政治化取向 (Lau)、殖民政治強化「固有的保守和怯懦心理」(曾31)、「港人(主要是年青一代)普遍都表現了十分內向與退卻心理…… 極端的物慾主義、享樂主義或消極意念」(曾35)。雖然貧富懸殊嚴重,但直至本世紀初以前,「多數居民都相信有能力肯苦幹就有機會出頭」;「法律觀念深入民心」,所以「個人和家庭利益放在集體利益的前面」(李41) ;八十年代後是「利益團體政治」及伴隨而來的「公民權利」及「社區意識」興起,「歸屬感政治」轉變至「權益政治」(黃偉邦 184) ° 戰後出身的一代因為並未經歷中國內戰所以較為「理想主義」(張炳良58) ,大多「出身低下家庭」,「故對社會公義問題特別敏感」(張炳良59),普遍認同「民主自由、公義平等」原則;不是「福利派」,「要求其本階級利益獲得一定的注重」(張炳良61),「重視自我奮鬥,強調獨立」(張炳良63) ,要求機會平等而不是均等主義 (Lau and Khan 66; 呂1998b : 203) °「競爭性資本主義」環境提供的「雙軌發展」社會流動機能鼓勵沒受過專上教育的透過「搏殺」來晉升中產階級 (呂1998b : 98) ° 即使看到資本主義「有不平等」,但仍然接受「競爭性的制度」; 九七後的焦慮是害怕失去「一個個人自由得到尊重、個人高度的自由活動空間和依法行事的制度」,導致「自身利益受損」,「毋須因政治理由而委屈、妥協」,面對「強權的、家長式的環境」(呂 1998b : 203-206)。

以上大概描述了上世紀八十年代及以後的港人主流價值觀,經常被統稱為「獅子山下精神」的。過去學者一般傾向把香港本土意識的崛起,「獅子山下精神」(《獅子山下 》為1974-1994年間,香港電台製作的一套電視劇) 的形塑 追塑至七十年代 。六十年代末至七十年代是香港經濟結構急劇轉型期 (如1969-1972年間就有三家證券交易所成立:1969年遠東交易所、1971年金銀證券交易所及1972年九龍證卷交易所),而五十至六十年代中則通常被指為南來人口無法或企圖適應香港、心懷祖國的過渡期。本文借爬梳五十年代的流行電 ...


新自由主義與新道德主義 = Neoliberalism And New Moralism, Yin Bin Ning May 2014

新自由主義與新道德主義 = Neoliberalism And New Moralism, Yin Bin Ning

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

新自由主義在本文中被當作這兩三百年由西方民族國家所主導的資本主義全球化 的最晚近階段之方案,與西方民族國家曾實施之禁運、圍堵、貿易關稅壁壘屬於同類的擴張-支配邏輯。這一邏輯推進的效果不只在經濟面向,而且在政治、文化、法律、農業、技術、生態等方面,可以說其實是西方文明的更全面的全球現代化,其企圖或前提也許是歷史的終結,但是首先卻引向了文明的衝突。文明衝突實際上聚攏了資本主義的諸多矛盾,以及主權國家之間、各民族或地方文化之間、各種身分之間、個人想望與現實之間等各種矛盾的多重決定。但是文明衝突之所以能凝聚各種矛盾而成為症候性的表述,仍是因為新自由主義的全球現代性產生同質性的效果,所謂剷平世界的力量,也就是朝向單一的文明現代性。對這個單一的 (主要是西方個人自由主義的) 文明現代性的批評無法在本文中展開;然而,這篇文章認為在抵抗新自由主義全球化方面,多樣現代性的提法雖然不是充分的,但卻是不可或缺的,並且在這個多樣現代性的冠銜下,聚攏對於國際政治、經濟、文化的不平等秩序之抵抗,指向了非西方模式的經濟、政治、文化的可能,由此開展多樣現代性之間的競逐,這將是我們這個時代最主要的局勢發展。以上是這篇文章前半部份的背景說明,本文第二部份則是注意新自由主義在文化與價值方面產生的政治效果與治理方式,我將之稱為「新道德主義」,它的起初環節是新自由主義内涵的普世進步主義,普世進步主義就是說:進步不是相對於特定歷史社會、一種倡議的進步與否不是在具體脈絡中被評價,進步體現了普世價值故而是内在地自我証成;性別平等、動物保護、憲政民主、同性婚姻、環境保護、兒童保護等等普世進步價值乃是西方文明現代所揭橥的人類永恆理想,在任何時空都適用。然而上述這種道德進步主義在爭取成為主流的實踐上,卻吸納了許多道德保守派的面向,後者也因此採用了許多進步主義修辭而同樣地佔據了主流空間,由此,由道德進步主義與道德保守派共治或輪流作莊的情況出現了,我將之稱為「新道德主義」- 雖然我主要描述的是台灣情況,但是或許這是個觀察冷戰以後世界的一個參考座標。

In this article, neoliberalism refers to the project marking the latest stage of the globalization of capitalism, a process that has been directed during the past two to three hundred years by western nation-states. Neoliberalism ...


道德漠視與遠端資本主義 : 《蝸居》受眾研究 = Moral Indifference And Capitalism From Afar : An Audience Research On Woju, Iam Chong Ip May 2014

道德漠視與遠端資本主義 : 《蝸居》受眾研究 = Moral Indifference And Capitalism From Afar : An Audience Research On Woju, Iam Chong Ip

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

本文是一個電視劇《蝸居》的受眾研究,並聚焦在中國大學畢業生的新自由主義主體的構成。《蝸居》於2009年夏天播放,並迅速產生了「蝸居」這個關鍵詞,指中國城市裡中下階級的狹窄的居所環境,媒體亦經常報導受過高等教育的年青人的階級期望與生活及工作條件之間的巨大差距。研究發現,儘管媒體經常把《蝸居》連繫上中國的裙帶資本主義的問題,例如腐敗、道德危機及經濟不平等,但是,我的受訪者在閱讀電視劇角色及故事時,其道德說辭與關注並不顯著,相反,從他們對《蝸居》的閱讀,我們發現他們透過協議一個遠離社會及道德矛盾的主體位置,擁抱一種大都會生活方式。這體現了一種新自由主義主體,往往只看到都市生活的光明面,以及各種實踐自我激發及管理的技術。這種想像的自我是深植於不均衡的國家空間,內裡包括兩個真實-想像世界:「內陸或家鄉」是一個聲望及前途決定於既有的政治權力及財富,而「大城市」的世界則是個人市場競逐決定一切聲望及前途的地方。

This paper is an audience research on the TV drama series of Woju (蝸居), with focus on the making of neoliberal subject of Chinese college graduates. This drama series, which began airing in July 2009, made the term “woju” a public idiom, which now refers to the cramped living environment of middle-lower class in Chinese cities. The huge gap between educated young adult ...


Feeling Neoliberal : The Politics Of Affect In The Age Of Greed = 新自由感覺 : 貪婪年代的情感政治, Lisa Duggan May 2014

Feeling Neoliberal : The Politics Of Affect In The Age Of Greed = 新自由感覺 : 貪婪年代的情感政治, Lisa Duggan

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

Genealogies of neoliberalism generally trace the intellectual and institutional histories of ideas and policies from Friedrich Hayek and Milton Friedman, through the global practices of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. But consent for neoliberal practices is generated as much through invocations of fantasy and feeling as through ideas and institutions. This lecture will trace the paths of neoliberal feeling through the persistent fantasies of racial colonialism, to the gendered practices of marital kinship and entrepreneurial desire. Neomoralism's many variations will be examined as central projects in the continuing global afterlife of neoliberal affect.

一般認為,新自由主義的歷史系譜,係海耶克與傅利曼的論點 ...


開場白 = Opening Remarks, Ching Yau May 2014

開場白 = Opening Remarks, Ching Yau

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

No abstract provided.


超越婚姻 : 新世紀的民主、平等與親屬關係 = Beyond Marriage : Democracy, Equality, And Kinship For A New Century, Lisa Duggan May 2014

超越婚姻 : 新世紀的民主、平等與親屬關係 = Beyond Marriage : Democracy, Equality, And Kinship For A New Century, Lisa Duggan

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

上述的思考促成了〈超越婚姻〉聲明的出現,這份聲明有 250 個來自 LGBT 族群、酷 兒及連線的組織者、學者、藝術家、作家、教育者的親筆簽名(2006 年 7 月 25 日這份文 件公佈後有更多人加入連署)。這份文件也開啟了擴大婚姻平權運動的進程以便包含比婚 姻更為廣泛的關係形式,並以擴大普及社經正義,超越此刻法律的範疇為目標。有鑑於目 前的政治僵局──只有少數幾個州提供婚姻權及民事結合權,而大部分的州除了禁止同性 婚姻之外,更禁止任何異於傳統婚姻的親密關係或家庭關係──我們組織起來促進關係形 式與家庭認可的民主化和多樣化,並且擴大讓所有人都能享受的社會安全網,這不但是正 確方向,也將可以切實改善人們的生活處境,包括老年伴侶關係、多代同堂的移民家族、 非配偶照護關係等等。更多關係都可以納入親密關係的想像藍圖,我們不必屈就婚姻,我 們應該可以享受更多。


窮酷兒到處都是,就是沒人願意正視他們的存在, Amber Hollibaugh May 2014

窮酷兒到處都是,就是沒人願意正視他們的存在, Amber Hollibaugh

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

有關「同志都很富裕」的神話深入人心,甚至連同性戀自己都相信。可是我們總是侷 限在白種人口裡想像著物質豐裕的幻象以避免面對社群裡存在著經濟差異的事實。這也是 此刻我們向大眾呈現自我的關鍵問題:由於我們把彼此之間的階級差異和貧富差距當成祕 密般藏起來,否認它,排斥它,結果經濟上的困窘被排除在酷兒慾望趨力之外,是與我們 酷兒生涯無關的事情。


有了婚姻權以後呢?, Amber Hollibaugh May 2014

有了婚姻權以後呢?, Amber Hollibaugh

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

同志婚姻的大勢已定。不管美國高等法院如何裁示,剩下的問題只是還有幾個障礙、還要多少時間才能讓同志婚姻在美國得到全面認可。

然而我卻仍然充滿不安,就像過去這些年同志婚姻權戰役進行的時候一樣不安。我仍然在問:同志婚姻真的代表了我們的身分和需要嗎?

如果得到婚姻權,這個勝利對我們的衝擊會和我們承受的壓迫一樣深刻嗎?婚姻權能給我們平等嗎?能讓我們「正常」嗎?我們真的希望「正常」嗎?婚姻權就是我們的願景嗎?婚姻權是 LGBTQ 運動爭取正義和接納時應該優先考量的議題嗎?


新自由主義之後? 從危機到組織建立酷兒經濟正義 = After Neoliberalism? From Crisis To Organizing For Queer Economic Justice, Lisa Duggan May 2014

新自由主義之後? 從危機到組織建立酷兒經濟正義 = After Neoliberalism? From Crisis To Organizing For Queer Economic Justice, Lisa Duggan

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

過去 40 年裡,新自由主義全球資本主義經濟興起成長,經歷了景氣的大好也崩跌到經 濟危機,在此同時,其思考邏輯已經取得了無法挑戰的主流常識地位,就像目前流行的口 號所言:「沒有別路可走」。然而抗爭仍然持續延燒,從南美雨林原住民族的抗爭,到反 跨國企業、反全球化運動,甚至阿拉伯之春(Arab Spring)的起義。在美國,從 2011 年開 始,佔領華爾街運動(Occupy movement)已經從華爾街蔓延到美國其他城市甚至全球, 與各地原有的抗議行動合流,相互學習。這些抗爭打開了重要的空間,以質疑大家習以為 常的政治經濟情勢,對於像我們這樣屬於廣義左翼政治的人,現在正是我們行動的時刻和 機會。在下個 10 年或者是 20 年裡,我們或許可以結束新自由主義的蠻橫統治,擴大另類 形式的社會、文化、政治、與經濟生活。


性、勞動與新工會主義 : 荷安柏與辛尼帕爾一席談, Amber Hollibaugh, Nikhil Pal Singh May 2014

性、勞動與新工會主義 : 荷安柏與辛尼帕爾一席談, Amber Hollibaugh, Nikhil Pal Singh

《新自由主義下的新道德》研討會 NEO-MORALISM UNDER NEOLIBERALISM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

這場對話是 1999 年 4 月 30 日在辛尼帕爾於紐約大學的辦公室中進行。


N, N-Dimethyltryptamine And Biological Reductive Accounts For Religious And Spiritual Experiences, Shaun Smith Apr 2014

N, N-Dimethyltryptamine And Biological Reductive Accounts For Religious And Spiritual Experiences, Shaun Smith

2014-2016 Graduate Research Symposia

There is unquestionably a plethora of details and mysteries regarding the mind and the body. However, with the advent of psychopharmacology (the study of how psychedelics inform or alter brain states), there are more issues at hand. Do psychedelics allow us to access deeper areas of our consciousness? Are we having a spiritual experience under the influence of psychedelics? Dr. Rick Strassman does not want to continue asking these rather conspiratorial-like questions. Instead, Dr. Strassman believes that there is one special, endogenous psychedelic, synthesized within the human physiological framework: N, N-Dymthethyltryptamine. Dr. Strassman concludes that this chemical is produced within ...


Exhibition Of Undergraduate Research And Creative Achievement, Allen Griffith Wilson Apr 2014

Exhibition Of Undergraduate Research And Creative Achievement, Allen Griffith Wilson

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Poster presentation and judging.


Incentives For Bone Marrow, Alexander Davis Apr 2014

Incentives For Bone Marrow, Alexander Davis

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Reviewing Epistemic Authority, Paige Massey Mar 2014

Reviewing Epistemic Authority, Paige Massey

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Given the relationship between personal autonomy and our various commitments across ideological communities, it is important to understand how to navigate peer disagreement and on which bases we may rationally accept a community leader as an authority in the formation of our beliefs. In her most recent book, Epistemic Authority, Linda Zagzebski develops a theory of rational trust to provide a framework for understanding this complex relationship between autonomy and authority. In my project with Professor Bogardus, we set out to coauthor a scholarly review of Zagzebski's book in light of current epistemological research, with the additional aim to ...


Yes, Safety Is In Danger, Chad Marxen Mar 2014

Yes, Safety Is In Danger, Chad Marxen

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

In an essay recently published in this journal (“Is Safety in Danger?”), Fernando Broncano Berrocal defends the safety condition on knowledge from a counterexample proposed by Tomas Bogardus (2012). In this paper, we will define the safety condition, briefly explain the proposed counterexample, and outline Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the safety condition. We will then raise four objections to Broncano-Berrocal’s defense, four implausible implications of his central claim. In the end, we conclude that Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the safety condition is unsuccessful, and that the safety condition on knowledge should be rejected.


Walter Benjamin's Literary Aura: A Stylistic And Thematic Analysis Of One-Way Street, Stephanie Chapman Mar 2014

Walter Benjamin's Literary Aura: A Stylistic And Thematic Analysis Of One-Way Street, Stephanie Chapman

Modern Languages and Literatures Annual Graduate Conference

“Brevity” epitomizes Walter Benjamin's One-Way Street, an avant-garde text composed entirely of aphorisms. Benjamin's ideal of literary montage involves the utilization of ideas that he refers to as Abfall, or detritus, and rearranging them—preserved in the momentary spontaneity in which they were conceived—in order to create an entirely new meaning. Noteworthy about Benjamin's style is the manner in which the assembly of momentary thoughts and impressions creates, in a literary sense, the artistic aura of authenticity introduced in his seminal essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” By preserving the form ...


Feelings Sustaining Text: Aphorisms And Inspiration, Mikhail Pozdniakov Mar 2014

Feelings Sustaining Text: Aphorisms And Inspiration, Mikhail Pozdniakov

Modern Languages and Literatures Annual Graduate Conference

There are genres of reflection, one of which is constituted by the aphorism. These reflections are an art of ponderance, of pensiveness. Philosophy is not necessarily the best example, nor is it identical with the genre of reflection as such; it has had a hard time breaking with its derivative moments, and its history is of a catalogue of dogmas as well as progressive critiques. In logic, one of philosophy’s products, the continuous or infinite form of knowledge is condensed into the axiom or principle or formula, which carries the appearance of a statement of fact. Contrary to the ...


Why Bacon’S Utopia Is Not A Dystopia: Technological And Ethical Progress In The New Atlantis, Daniel Schwartz Mar 2014

Why Bacon’S Utopia Is Not A Dystopia: Technological And Ethical Progress In The New Atlantis, Daniel Schwartz

Arts and Letters Conference

One of the unique Utopian visions put forth in the 17th century was that of Francis Bacon. His New Atlantis portrays a technological Utopia on the fictional island of Bensalem. Although Bensalem’s laws are just and its people generous, Bacon’s emphasis is on how the society is organized with an eye to technological progress. Today, a Baconian society is often thought to be dystopian. Bacon is criticized for neglecting the fact that technology can be used for evil ends and even take on a life of its own, reshaping our world for the worse. Some also criticize Bacon ...


Technocracy And Organization: Utopia And The Question Of Value-Pluralism, Wade Roberts Mar 2014

Technocracy And Organization: Utopia And The Question Of Value-Pluralism, Wade Roberts

Arts and Letters Conference

In this essay I will examine technological utopias, in which scientists and technocratic experts wield the power of knowledge and planning in order to produce a harmonious social order in which conflict has been eliminated (examples are Bacon’s New Atlantis, as well as the various Enlightenment utopias of authors such as Condorcet). I argue that one of the central problems with technological utopias is that they transfer decision-making/organizational authority and power over to experts who implicitly presuppose a monistic and quasi-utilitarian conception of the good. Following Berlin, I contend that the irreconcilable conflict of certain core values inevitably ...