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School-Based Sexuality Education, Gender, And Relationship Self-Efficacy: A Moderated-Mediation Analysis Of Sexual Behavior In First-Year College Students, Sara C. Schmidt Dec 2014

School-Based Sexuality Education, Gender, And Relationship Self-Efficacy: A Moderated-Mediation Analysis Of Sexual Behavior In First-Year College Students, Sara C. Schmidt

Theses and Dissertations

While the effectiveness at abstinence-only versus comprehensive sexuality education in preventing adolescent risky sexual behavior is widely researched, little is known about whether material learned in secondary school sexuality education classes impacts emerging adult sexual behavior in the college environment. Furthermore, research suggests that self-efficacy – or beliefs in one’s abilities to organize and execute actions – may be more critical than knowledge or skills in terms of how individuals enact behavior. We hypothesized a moderated-mediation effect by which the causal impact of type of sexuality education on four different sexual behaviors during the first year in college is transmitted via ...


The Sacrality Of The Mountain, Manuel Rivera Espinoza Dec 2014

The Sacrality Of The Mountain, Manuel Rivera Espinoza

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis I explore the conception of the mountain as a "sacred space" based on the definition provided by Mircea Eliade in The Sacred and The Profane and other works. I recognize three major elements in Eliadean sacral spatiality: a) order and orientation b) liminality and c) reality. Using various sources but mainly the oracle bones inscriptions, the Yugong ("Tributes of Yu") of the Shujing ("Book of Documents") and the Shanjing ("Classic of Mountains") of the Shanhaijing ("Classic of Mountains and Seas"), I demonstrate how the three basic components of sacrality are to be found in each of the ...


Radical Reflection: Toward The Transformation Of Everyday Teaching And Learning In English Composition, Royal Brevvaxling Dec 2014

Radical Reflection: Toward The Transformation Of Everyday Teaching And Learning In English Composition, Royal Brevvaxling

Theses and Dissertations

Education is a necessary component in the emancipatory transformation of current capitalist society, with its exploitative social relationships, to one which is based on promoting and supporting human growth and potential. A libertarian education, as Paulo Freire writes of it, "must begin with the solution of the teacher-student contradiction, by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students" (Pedagogy of the Oppressed 59).

An additional impediment to developing education useful for this transformation is the separation of thought from action in educational theory and practice. The field of composition studies similarly operates according to ...


The Cape Verde Project: Teaching Ecologically Sensitive And Socially Responsive Design, N Jonathan Unaka Aug 2014

The Cape Verde Project: Teaching Ecologically Sensitive And Socially Responsive Design, N Jonathan Unaka

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation chronicles an evolving teaching philosophy. It was an attempt to develop a way to teach ecological design in architecture informed by ethical responses to ecological devastation and social injustice. The world faces numerous social and ecological challenges at global scales. Recent Industrialization has brought about improved life expectancies and human comforts, coinciding with expanded civic rights and personal freedom, and increased wealth and opportunities. Unfortunately, industrialization also caused wide-scale pollution, mass extinctions and anthropogenic global climate change. Industrialization also reduced the earth's capacity to meet human resource demands - demands that are ever increasing due to population growth ...


Kaplan's Puzzle, Dynamic Senses, And Diachronically Individuated Propositions, Jack Kingston Aug 2014

Kaplan's Puzzle, Dynamic Senses, And Diachronically Individuated Propositions, Jack Kingston

Theses and Dissertations

The Fregean encounters a few interconnected problems in its account of indexical sentences, each posed in one way or another by Kaplan's puzzle of cognitive dynamics. For one, there's a problem defending the doctrine that the very same propositions can be expressed in relevantly different contexts. And two, there's the problem of cases where the same indexically expressed belief, the content of which is a Fregean proposition, seems to be retained by a subject yet the subject is unable to express her belief with the correct indexical due to contextual mislocation. Both are related to the puzzle ...


Intentions And Advisorial Relations, Dennis Basil Mulqueen Ii Aug 2014

Intentions And Advisorial Relations, Dennis Basil Mulqueen Ii

Theses and Dissertations

In this paper, I develop a novel account of the role of intentions in diachronic intentional agency that I call the advisorial model. §I begins by offering an analysis of advice based on agents' first and second-order reasons coupled with trust and deliberative authority. I then proceed to argue (§§I.iii-II) that the individual components of the analysis can be leveraged against executive agential states such as intentions. This provides a course-grained analysis of future-directed intentions that is refined by noting pertinent differences from advice. Along the way I detail two, which hinge on what I call the accessibility and ...


Grounding The Free Lunch: Can Grounding Theory Escape Ontological Commitment?, Sara Copic Aug 2014

Grounding The Free Lunch: Can Grounding Theory Escape Ontological Commitment?, Sara Copic

Theses and Dissertations

Many ordinary claims seem to straightforwardly entail ontological commitment to problematic entities, such as numbers and properties. If our ordinary claims or commonplace truisms are indeed ontologically committing, it looks like any plausible theory--that is, any theory that accepts these claims--will fail to be ontologically parsimonious, and any parsimonious theory will be implausible. I argue against four ways to resolve this tension, and focus primarily on the solution invoking grounding. I show that the grounding solution rests on a new conception of ontological parsimony that pries existence and ontologically commitment apart. I argue that this conception fails to differentiate between ...


Everyone Knew He Did It, But He Was Not Condemned! Knowledge And Knowledge Attributions In Legal Contexts, Danny Marrero Avendano Aug 2014

Everyone Knew He Did It, But He Was Not Condemned! Knowledge And Knowledge Attributions In Legal Contexts, Danny Marrero Avendano

Theses and Dissertations

Theorizing about knowledge attributions has revolved almost exclusively around the problem of skepticism and knowledge attributions in everyday conversations. Sutton (2007), however, points out that Epistemic Contextualism seems to settle another field: "[i]t is sometimes suggested that courtroom proceedings provide a context that shows the context-sensitivity of knowledge ascription truth-conditions" (p. 87). This dissertation is devoted to the evaluation of this contextualist suggestion (CS). Epistemic Contextualism claims that the correctness of knowledge attributions depends on the salience of error possibilities or the practical states of a knowledge attributor's context of utterance. I interpret CS implies that the context ...


Facing The Wreck: Death, Optimism, And The Fragmented Form, Rachael Marie Schaffner Aug 2014

Facing The Wreck: Death, Optimism, And The Fragmented Form, Rachael Marie Schaffner

Theses and Dissertations

Walter Benjamin described history as a winged angel who faces backwards, staring perpetually into the past as the violent winds of destiny carry him into the future (Illuminations). Despite a western, post-enlightenment myth of eternal progress, the wreckage of human contributions to history is clearly evident in our 21st-century understanding of anthropogenic impact on global ecology. In the context of these ecological crises (and the resulting political and economic questions), postmodern novels reveal a powerful ability to imagine different ways of living and interacting with the world. This thesis traces the relationship between fragmentation, death, and liminal experiences through Frederick ...


Can Libertarianism Or Compatibilism Capture Aquinas' View On The Will?, Kelly Gallagher Aug 2014

Can Libertarianism Or Compatibilism Capture Aquinas' View On The Will?, Kelly Gallagher

Theses and Dissertations

The contemporary free will debate is largely split into two camps, libertarianism and compatibilism. It is commonly assumed that if one is to affirm the existence of free will then she will find herself in one of these respective camps. Although merits can be found in each respective position, I find that neither account sufficiently for free will. This thesis, therefore, puts the view of Thomas Aquinas in dialogue with the contemporary debate and argues that his view cannot be capture by either libertarianism or compatibilism and that his view offers a promising alternative view that garners some of the ...


A Utilitarian Account Of Political Obligation, Brian Collins Jul 2014

A Utilitarian Account Of Political Obligation, Brian Collins

Theses and Dissertations

One of the core issues in contemporary political philosophy is concerned with `political obligation.' Stated in an overly simplified way, the question being asked when one investigates political obligation is, "What, if anything, do citizens owe to their government and how are these obligations generated if they do exist?" The majority of political philosophers investigating this issue agree that a political obligation is a moral requirement to act in certain ways concerning political matters (e.g. a moral requirement to obey the laws and support one's country). Despite this agreement about the general nature of what is being searched ...


Remembering Without Storing: Beyond Archival Models In The Science And Philosophy Of Human Memory, Ian O'Loughlin Jul 2014

Remembering Without Storing: Beyond Archival Models In The Science And Philosophy Of Human Memory, Ian O'Loughlin

Theses and Dissertations

Models of memory in cognitive science and philosophy have traditionally explained human remembering in terms of storage and retrieval. This tendency has been entrenched by reliance on computationalist explanations over the course of the twentieth century; even research programs that eschew computationalism in name, or attempt the revision of traditional models, demonstrate tacit commitment to computationalist assumptions. It is assumed that memory must be stored by means of an isomorphic trace, that memory processes must divide into conceptually distinct systems and phases, and that human remembering consists in inner, cognitive processes that are implemented by distinct neural processes. This dissertation ...


Cartesian Modality: God's Nature And The Creation Of Eternal And Contingent Truth, Kristopher Gordon Phillips Jul 2014

Cartesian Modality: God's Nature And The Creation Of Eternal And Contingent Truth, Kristopher Gordon Phillips

Theses and Dissertations

Much ado has been made regarding Descartes's understanding of the creation of what he called the "eternal truths" because he described them, paradoxically, as both the free creations of God, and necessary. While there are many varying interpretations of Cartesian modality, the issue has heretofore been treated in a vacuum, as a niche issue having little import beyond being an interesting puzzle for Descartes Scholars. I argue that this treatment is misguided, and that in order to properly understand Cartesian philosophy at all, one must properly understand Descartes's theory of modality. This, however, is no small feat; in ...


Google Books As Infrastructure Of In/Justice: Towards A Sociotechnical Account Of Rawlsian Justice, Information, And Technology, Anna Lauren Hoffmann May 2014

Google Books As Infrastructure Of In/Justice: Towards A Sociotechnical Account Of Rawlsian Justice, Information, And Technology, Anna Lauren Hoffmann

Theses and Dissertations

The Google Books project is germane for examining underappreciated dimensions of social justice and access to information from a Rawlsian perspective. To date, however, the standard account of Rawls as applied to information and technology has focused almost exclusively on rights to access and information as a primary good (Drahos 1996; van den Hoven and Rooksby 2008; Duff 2011). In this dissertation, the author develops an alternative to the standard account--the sociotechnical account--that draws on underappreciated resources available within discussions of Rawls' work. Specifically, the author focuses on the importance of Rawls' basic structure argument and the value of self-respect--two ...


Colocated Objects? A New Challenge To The Intentionalists' Solution To The Grounding Problem, Lu Chen May 2014

Colocated Objects? A New Challenge To The Intentionalists' Solution To The Grounding Problem, Lu Chen

Theses and Dissertations

C.S. Sutton (2012) renews the intentionalists' solution to the grounding problem for colocationalism by responding to Karen Bennett's (2004) challenge. This paper aims to show that Sutton's revised approach to the grounding problem is still untenable. I start with a simplistic version of intentionalists' grounding claim. For this simplistic version, I argue that the possible alternative intentions can lead to contradiction in modal properties. Then I introduce Sutton's more sophisticated attempts to solve the grounding problem. I contend that, in order to avoid the similar objection to the simplistic version, Sutton ultimately runs out of resources ...


Freedom As Morality, Hao Liang May 2014

Freedom As Morality, Hao Liang

Theses and Dissertations

In this paper, I offer a reading concerning Kant's concept of freedom and its relation to morality. In Groundwork III, Kant deduces morality from freedom, such strategy in which requires a metaphysical understanding of freedom. However, according to Kant's argument in the first Critique, we do not have knowledge of freedom as an idea of reason. That is: we cannot know that we are free. In the second Critique, Kant clams that morality is a "fact of reason", which is not dependent on any antecedent data. We could cognize that we are free when we are conscious of ...


From Self-Trust To Other-Trust: The Role Of Reasons And The Theoretical Insignificance Of Behavioral Inconsistency, Alex Papulis May 2014

From Self-Trust To Other-Trust: The Role Of Reasons And The Theoretical Insignificance Of Behavioral Inconsistency, Alex Papulis

Theses and Dissertations

There is intuitive pull to the idea that if a subject knows or believes that others are just like her, and if she trusts herself as an epistemic agent, then she should also trust others as epistemic agents. It seems that she would be inconsistent to trust herself, and then when faced with an identical being in a situation or environment identical to her own, not extend trust to that other being as well. In this paper I argue that charges of inconsistency of the sort above can only apply if one's self-trust is on the basis of reasons ...


Two Essays On Constructivism: Lessons From Semantic Theory, Kirun Kumar Sankaran May 2014

Two Essays On Constructivism: Lessons From Semantic Theory, Kirun Kumar Sankaran

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis consists of two loosely-connected essays about Sharon Street's "Humean" metanormative constructivism. In the first chapter, I examines a lacuna in Street's account--namely, that she owes us a semantic theory as a necessary condition for getting her metanormative theory off the ground--and argue that Brandom's inferentialist semantic theory is the best option for filling the lacuna. I then show that Michael Ridge's reading of Street as a reductive realist is mistaken. In the second chapter, I examine the vulnerability of Street's account to certain epistemic "reliability challenges," including one she herself makes against realist ...


Solving The Problem Of Resultant Luck: Extrapolating From Hegel, Constance Sutter May 2014

Solving The Problem Of Resultant Luck: Extrapolating From Hegel, Constance Sutter

Theses and Dissertations

The problem of resultant luck leaves us with a dilemma: Reject the intuition that agents should be blamed only to the extent that events depend on factors within their control, or reject the pre-theoretical intuition that agents should be blamed in cases of negligence. Although many potential solutions have been put forth, the problem remains unsolved. In this paper, I diagnose why the problem has been recalcitrant, and I describe what a genuine solution must explain. To illustrate what such a solution would look like, I defend an interpretation of Hegel's concept of action and moral responsibility, and I ...


Against Self-Defense, Stephen Blake Hereth May 2014

Against Self-Defense, Stephen Blake Hereth

Theses and Dissertations

Absolute Pacifism (or AP) is the thesis that no act of assault is morally permissible. This entails that all acts of self-defensive assault are impermissible. This essay defends AP against non-eliminativist theories of justified self-defensive assault - that is, theories of self-defensive assault which, contrary to AP, claim that at least some instances of self-defensive assault are morally permissible. Chapter 1 begins by defining assault and AP and subsequently exploring a species of AP wedded to the Doctrine of Double Effect (or DDE). Chapter 2 defends AP against the thesis that self-defensive assault is morally permissible but not morally obligatory. Against ...


Building Complexity, One Stability At A Time: Rethinking Stubbornness In Public Rhetorics And Writing Studies, Chris Mays Mar 2014

Building Complexity, One Stability At A Time: Rethinking Stubbornness In Public Rhetorics And Writing Studies, Chris Mays

Theses and Dissertations

In deliberative argument, in political discourse, in teaching, and in casual conversation, as rhetors we often hope that our attempts at interaction will have some effect on the participants in these discursive environments. The phenomena of stubbornness, however, would seem to suggest that, despite our efforts, there are times when rhetoric just doesn't work. This dissertation complicates this premise, and in so doing complicates common understandings of both stubbornness and rhetorical effect. As I argue, rhetorical effects exist within a complex rhetoric system, within which they circulate and are interconnected with a diversity of other rhetorical and non-rhetorical elements ...


Political Perfectionism And Aesthetic Experience, Michael R. Spicher Jan 2014

Political Perfectionism And Aesthetic Experience, Michael R. Spicher

Theses and Dissertations

Many people share the belief that the state can lend support to the arts and the natural environment for their cultural and aesthetic qualities. However, the question remains open as to what justifies this support. This question hinges on whether the state must be neutral in reference to judgment of values. The political anti-perfectionist positions of Rawls and Dworkin are inadequate to justify this kind of state support because the funding of art necessarily involves a judgment of value in two ways. First, the fact that the state funds any art requires that, in general, art is valuable. Second, determining ...


John Pecham On Life And Mind, Caleb G. Colley Jan 2014

John Pecham On Life And Mind, Caleb G. Colley

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.