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O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Dec 2014

O Modelo Da Interação Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores Na Interpretação Das Práticas Científicas Contemporâneas, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In the first part of this article, we summarize the standardized version of the model of the interaction between scientific activities and values (M-CV) presented in Lacey & Mariconda (in press). Then, we sketch some arguments, developed (Lacey, in press) from the model, in favor of three proposals: (1) that there is a profound incoherence in the self understanding of the modern scientific tradition; (2) that the main options actually available to ensure continuity with the positive realizations of this tradition can be well represented by two sorts of ideal types that we name, respectively, "commercially orientated technoscience" and "multi-strategic research" (P-MS); and (3) that, despite the fact that TC predominates in the actual scientific institutions and that they leave little room for the development of P-MS, nevertheless, for the sake of the integrity of science and ...


Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann Dec 2014

Knowledge, Assertion, And Inference, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

This paper argues that three plausible principles are mutually inconsistent: (KA) One ought to assert only what one knows; (AP) If it is proper to assert some proposition q, then it is, barring special and not very common circumstances, proper to assert any proposition p from which q has been competently inferred; and (AKN) Some propositions are both properly assertible and known by competent inference from propositions which one does not know. Each pair of two principles constitutes an argument against the remaining principle, but which principle should one drop?


No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann Nov 2014

No Luck With Knowledge? On A Dogma Of Epistemology, Peter Baumann

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey Oct 2014

Tecnociência Comercialmente Orientada Ou Investigação Multiestratégica?, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

The model of the interactions between scientific activities and values (M-CV) provides tools to criticize the scientific activities that are currently predominant in scientific institutions, and to identify some alternative possibilities for research that are not receiving due recognition in them. Most importantly, M-CV helps us to identify a deep incoherence in the common self-interpretation of the modern scientific tradition, and also to recognize that there are available two competing coherent interpretations - 'commercially oriented technoscience' and 'multi-strategy research' - that maintain continuity with the great cognitive successes of modern science.


Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek Oct 2014

Review Of "Ethics In Technology: A Philosophical Study" By T. Heikkerö, Hans Oberdiek

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Ciência, Valores E Alternativas: Apresentação, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Oct 2014

Ciência, Valores E Alternativas: Apresentação, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Hegel’S Account Of The Unconscious And Why It Matters, Richard Thomas Eldridge Mar 2014

Hegel’S Account Of The Unconscious And Why It Matters, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Hegel’s account of the unconscious and his broader philosophy of mind offer us a well worked out form of non-dualist, non-reductionist, non-eliminativist, non-representationalist naturalism. Hegel describes the development of discursively structured thought (and responsiveness to norms) in ethological terms as emerging from initial somatic-sensory states, from states and processes of bodily activity on the part of a feeling soul, and from structured habituation in relation to other subjects. Importantly, earlier, less organized states of sensory awareness and feeling persist as residues underneath cognitive development in “the pit of imagination.” Imagistic and sensory-somatic materials from this pit can burst out ...


How Movies Think: Cavell On Film As A Medium Of Art, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2014

How Movies Think: Cavell On Film As A Medium Of Art, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

Stanley Cavell’s writing about movies, from the more theoretical and general The World Viewed (1971) to the later works on specific genres (Pursuits of Happiness, Contesting Tears), has a unifying theme: some movies as (successful) art investigate conditions of accomplished selfhood and interest in experience in medium-specific ways. This claim is explained and defended by explicating the details of the medium-specificity of the moving photographic image (and its history of uses) and by focusing on Michael Verhoeven’s film The Nasty Girl (1990). Though the very ideas of accomplished selfhood and interest in experience naturally prompt some suspicion in ...


Review Of "Being Numerous: Poetry And The Ground Of Social Life" By O. Izenberg, Richard Thomas Eldridge Jan 2014

Review Of "Being Numerous: Poetry And The Ground Of Social Life" By O. Izenberg, Richard Thomas Eldridge

Philosophy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


A Kantian Argument For Sovereignty Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Krista Karbowski Thomason Jan 2014

A Kantian Argument For Sovereignty Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Krista Karbowski Thomason

Philosophy Faculty Works

Kant’s non-voluntarist conception of political obligation has led some philosophers to argue that he would reject self-government rights for indigenous peoples. Some recent scholarship suggests, however, that Kant’s critique of colonialism provides an argument in favor of granting self-government rights. Here I argue for a stronger conclusion: Kantian political theory not only can but must include sovereignty for indigenous peoples. Normally these rights are considered redress for historic injustice. On a Kantian view, however, I argue that they are not remedial. Sovereignty rights are a necessary part of establishing perpetual peace. By failing to acknowledge the sovereignty of ...


Scientific Research, Technological Innovation And The Agenda Of Social Justice, Democratic Participation And Sustainability, Hugh Lacey Jan 2014

Scientific Research, Technological Innovation And The Agenda Of Social Justice, Democratic Participation And Sustainability, Hugh Lacey

Philosophy Faculty Works

Modern science, whose methodologies give special privilege to using decontextualizing strategies and downplay the role of context-sensitive strategies, have been extraordinarily successful in producing knowledge whose applications have transformed the shape of the lifeworld. Nevertheless, I argue that how the mainstream of the modern scientific tradition interprets the nature and objectives of science is incoherent; and that today there are two competing interpretations of scientific activities that are coherent and that maintain continuity with the success of the tradition: "commercially-oriented technoscience" (CT) and "multi-strategy research" (MS). The greater part of this article is devoted to discussing what is involved in ...


O Modelo Das Interações Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda Jan 2014

O Modelo Das Interações Entre As Atividades Científicas E Os Valores, Hugh Lacey, P. R. Mariconda

Philosophy Faculty Works

In this article, we offer standardized versions of the principal ideas of the model of the interactions among scientific activities and values that has been proposed in recent years within Scientiae Studia. The model deals with the various roles played by values—ethical, social, political, cognitive (epistemic), religious, etc—in scientific activities, and with their impact on the viability of the ideals (impartiality, comprehensiveness, neutrality, autonomy) of the tradition of modern science.