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Catholicism And Its Civic Engagement: Case Studies Of The Catholic Church In Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, And Shanghai = 天主教及其公共参与: 港澳台沪天主教区的个案研究, Zhidong Hao, Shun Hing Seguire Chan, Wen-Ban Kuo, Yik Fai Tam, Ming Jing Apr 2014

Catholicism And Its Civic Engagement: Case Studies Of The Catholic Church In Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, And Shanghai = 天主教及其公共参与: 港澳台沪天主教区的个案研究, Zhidong Hao, Shun Hing Seguire Chan, Wen-Ban Kuo, Yik Fai Tam, Ming Jing

HKBU Staff Publication

The levels of civic engagement in terms of social services and civic activism in the Catholic churches of Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, and Shanghai are very different. While the former three churches have a higher level of social services, Shanghai does not. Hong Kong has a higher level of civic activism than the other three dioceses. This paper explains the similarities and differences among these cities by using an analytical model of political, cultural, and individual opportunity structures. Our findings and analysis are derived from a collaborative research project on the Catholic Church’s civic engagement in the four cities ...


Who Wants To Be A Russellian About Names?, Siu Fan Lee Mar 2014

Who Wants To Be A Russellian About Names?, Siu Fan Lee

Department of Religion and Philosophy Book Chapters

Russell had two theories of names and one theory of description. Logically proper names are Millian names, which have only denotation but no connotation. Ordinary names are not genuine names but disguised definite descriptions subject to quantificational analyses. Only by asserting that ordinary names are definite descriptions could Russell motivate his theory of description to solve three problems for Millian names, namely, Frege's puzzle, empty reference and negative existentials. Critics usually discuss Russell's theories of names and his theory of description separately. This paper takes a new perspective and presents a dilemma for the overall project, arguing that ...


兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee Jan 2014

兩種意義下的批判思維教學, Siu Fan Lee

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

批判性思維教學在國內方興未艾, 同事們就搜集教材、試驗學生反應、測試教學成果及理解課程本質等紛紛交流意見。在國外包括港台等地, 批判性思維教學已有一段時間的實踐經驗, 亦不時有提出理念反思。美國哲學家理察·保羅(Richard Paul) 在其1981/1995年的文章中, 提出兩種意義下的批判思維教學理念, 引起廣泛關注和討論。「弱式」批判思維視批判思維教學為提供規則、鍛鍊技巧、學習把對手逐點擊破的手段; 「強式」批判思維則強調思維的整體性, 把思考看作是人的生命形態, 鍛鍊學生敏銳地察覺及指認自己與他人的世界觀, 分析不同觀念、發掘相關問題、進行對話、以審視其價值, 成為智性上開放、道德之個體。本文介紹保羅的理念, 並嘗試結合一些筆者在英國及香港的經驗, 對批判思維教學的理念作出反省。討論將包括英國牛津大學和倫敦大學國王學院的導修制度, 以及香港中學生、大學生、乃至中學老師對批判思考的理解和態度等。


Classical Debates About The Moral Character Of Human Nature In Ancient China, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2014

Classical Debates About The Moral Character Of Human Nature In Ancient China, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2014

Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

In this review of Fan Ruiping’s book, I am concerned first of all about how representative his account of Confucianism/Ruism is in relationship to the multiform traditions associated with that teaching through more than two thousand years of its existence. Fan emphasizes pre-imperial forms of Confucian traditions, but neglects many alternatives from later sources. Secondly, his account of “familism” lends itself to questions related to the problem of revenge that is associated with traditional Confucianism. This raises further ethical doubts about the effectiveness of his reconstructed Confucianism within contemporary Chinese society. Finally, his “familism” appears to focus on ...


On Human Rights And Freedom In Bioethics: A Philosophical Inquiry In Light Of Buddhism, Ellen Ying Zhang Jan 2014

On Human Rights And Freedom In Bioethics: A Philosophical Inquiry In Light Of Buddhism, Ellen Ying Zhang

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


對生命倫理學相關問題的思考, Xiaoyang Chen, Wenfei Wang, Haoyi Ji Jan 2014

對生命倫理學相關問題的思考, Xiaoyang Chen, Wenfei Wang, Haoyi Ji

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The cultural authority of bioethics has recently been subject to fierce debate. Although there appear to be no specific reasons for this deep divergence, it is necessary to clarify the problems and attempt to resolve the crisis. In this article, we discuss some of the points made by Professor Solomon in his recent paper. Bioethics has been culturally and socially rooted throughout its development since the 1960s. It can even be regarded as a kind of cultural product, shaped by diverse national cultures, religions, political systems and so on. However, it is impossible to deny that bioethics today faces challenges ...


Why Do Bioethics?—Two Questions For Professor Solomon, Richard T. Kim Jan 2014

Why Do Bioethics?—Two Questions For Professor Solomon, Richard T. Kim

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In his fascinating and challenging essay, Professor Solomon provides a forceful account of the current “crisis in bioethics.” In the following comments, I seek clarification regarding the relationship between culture and bioethics by raising the following two questions: (1) What is the relationship between culture and the deep normative commitments that undergird conflicting normative theories? (2) Given the seemingly interminable nature of normative disagreements, what reasons are there to continue pursuing bioethics? The main concern arising from these two questions is that given the deep cultural divisions in contemporary society, as articulated by Solomon, the point of doing bioethics is ...


Bioethics And Culture: Understanding The Contemporary Crisis In Bioethics, David Solomon Jan 2014

Bioethics And Culture: Understanding The Contemporary Crisis In Bioethics, David Solomon

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Much attention has been paid to the relation of bioethics and culture in recent years among those who primarily work in bioethics and also among those whose primary concerns are with matters of culture.1 Why? There are a number of reasons for this widespread interest, and in what follows I hope to explore the variety of these reasons and to suggest some ways of assessing the present state of this discussion. Among the conclusions of my discussion will be that the interplay between purely philosophical considerations bearing on contemporary discussions in bioethics and more general cultural considerations has been ...


“壽數”與“文化”的關聯度探析, Rui Deng Jan 2014

“壽數”與“文化”的關聯度探析, Rui Deng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Life span is affected by two important dimensions of traditional Chinese culture. The principle that “the Tao follows nature” makes Chinese philosophers tolerant of misunderstandings and frustration. Remaining calm and retaining a positive attitude can increase longevity. The obligation to “subdue the self” urges Chinese philosophers to concentrate on specific things, enabling outstanding achievements and even increasing longevity. However, culture is not the only determinant of life span. Social conditions also affect life expectancy. The comparison with French thinkers is one-sided, as individuals in numerous countries and professions enjoy a high life expectancy. Nevertheless, it is important to adhere to ...


哲學思維與科學問題——讀何懷宏先生〈預期壽命與生命之道〉一文, Lin Bian Jan 2014

哲學思維與科學問題——讀何懷宏先生〈預期壽命與生命之道〉一文, Lin Bian

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor He Huaihong finds a strong correlation between the life span of Chinese philosophers and their particular way of life, informed by traditional Chinese wisdom. Although I agree in part with Professor He’s conclusions, I argue that his method is extremely problematic. He asks a scientific question that is beyond the scope of philosophical reasoning. Rather than engaging in philosophical debate, I prefer to find answers through scientific investigation. In this paper, I outline the following three difficulties with Professor He’s paper. 1. His comparative method is influenced by scientific reasoning. 2. His selection of a control group ...


順其自然, Daqing Zhang Jan 2014

順其自然, Daqing Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The author agrees that way of life is an important social determinant of health and longevity. However, an individual’s choice of way of life depends more on her/his own understanding of nature and life than on the differences between Eastern and Western culture, because rationalist and empirical traditions co-exist in both the East and the West. Rationalists assume that people are capable of understanding and controlling both nature and the human body, and empiricists argue that people should follow nature. In general, people who attempt to follow nature and lead moderate lives have a high life expectancy and ...


疾病是倫理中性的嗎?, Jue Wang Jan 2014

疾病是倫理中性的嗎?, Jue Wang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor Xianglong Zhang’s paper challenges contemporary bioethical discourse by foregrounding questions that have been ignored by modern theorists. One of these questions is whether illness is “ethically neutral.” In my paper, I offer three distinct perspectives on this question. First, I frame the question of ethical neutrality by considering the meaning of illness. Second, I clarify the relationship between ethics and illness. Finally, I discuss the role of illness as a metaphor for aspects of our social and ethical lives. The behavior of the medical profession is commonly linked with moral obligations. There is good reason to believe that ...


〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉一文評析, Xiangyuan Cai Jan 2014

〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉一文評析, Xiangyuan Cai

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The modern discipline of bioethics is usually understood to represent life and ethics as two intrinsically separate fields. In his article, which clarifies the concept of an ethical cure, Zhang Xianglong takes a novel approach to bioethics, regarding life and ethics as closely intertwined. Zhang’s main aim is to determine whether ethics-based medical treatments are rational and can be scientifically defended. After rejecting the arbitrary claims of scientism, Zhang indicates that the concept of an ethical cure is predicated on an assumption of the unity of heaven and human beings. Although this assumption seems to oppose the traditional Western ...


從儒家式的生命經驗到儒家生命倫理學, Guobin Cheng Jan 2014

從儒家式的生命經驗到儒家生命倫理學, Guobin Cheng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

To reconstruct the Confucian moral tradition, we must first understand the ethical nature of human beings and be fully committed to moral practice. The existing research on the concept of an ethical cure shows how Chinese people understand life, medicine and moral and ethical practice, and explores the possibility of reconstructing the Confucian way of life in modern society. However, too great an emphasis on the connection between ethics-based medical treatment and Confucian cultural identity misrepresents the close relationship between ethics and Confucianism.


當代生命倫理學危機的根源及解決方案——David Solomon文章評析, Ruipeng Lei Jan 2014

當代生命倫理學危機的根源及解決方案——David Solomon文章評析, Ruipeng Lei

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

David Solomon proposes in his article that deep divisions in our culture, which are reflected in the variety and opposition of foundational normative theories, are key to understanding the contemporary crisis in bioethics. Solomon examines two recent attempts to respond to this crisis of authority in bioethics and suggest that both proposals make the situation worse. However, his criticism of principlism, which has been dominant in bioethics since the 1980s, seems implausible. As observed by Aristotle, the rationale of a principle-based approach lies in the tensions between generality, considered judgment and ethical deliberation. The principle-based approach to meta-ethics is characterized ...


Beyond Western Conservatives And Progressive Liberals: A Moderate Islamic View, Md. Sanwar Siraj Jan 2014

Beyond Western Conservatives And Progressive Liberals: A Moderate Islamic View, Md. Sanwar Siraj

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor David Solomon examines the cultural conflicts and conflicts in bioethics in the United States. Conservative Christians wish to establish a Western account of bioethics based on their religious view of dignity. In contrast, progressive liberals argue that bioethics should be based on pure reason or rational arguments, regardless of the features of any particular religion or culture. The aim of this commentary is to show that the cultural conflicts and divisions that afflict bioethical debate in Bangladesh are very similar to those in the United States. Moderate Muslims wish to maintain the core values of their Muslim culture and ...


理解認同危機的另一種可能性, Dan Han Jan 2014

理解認同危機的另一種可能性, Dan Han

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

As modern bioethical consumers, we are responsible for developing positive solutions to the discipline’s identity crisis. In many cases, “four-principles” bioethics offers a guide for cross-cultural debate. Optimism is crucial for distinguishing specific moral rules and ultimate moral principles. The observations on which Professor Solomon’s theory is based do not demonstrate that the basic ethical principles of bioethics are culture-bound, merely that specific ethical rules are culture-bound.


預期壽命與生命之道——以當代中國與法國哲學家為例, Huaihong He Jan 2014

預期壽命與生命之道——以當代中國與法國哲學家為例, Huaihong He

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The aim of this article is to describe and explain the seeming paradox that although the social situation of French philosophers is significantly better than that of Chinese philosophers, their life expectancy is lower. The lives of important Chinese and French philosophers of the 20th and 21st centuries are compared and the average life expectancy in their respective nations is explored. Based on the findings of this investigation, it is speculated that the most important cause of the abovementioned paradox lies in differences in “ways of life.” Compared with French philosophers, Chinese philosophers advocate a more natural and harmonious way ...


“孔顏之樂”、壽命與生命之道, Feng Lu Jan 2014

“孔顏之樂”、壽命與生命之道, Feng Lu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor He Huaihong observes that the lives of famous Chinese philosophers in the 20th century were longer than those of their French counterparts and attributes this phenomenon to differences in these individuals’ ways of life and guiding philosophies. I broadly agree with Professor He. However, I make a different claim for the fundamental difference between Chinese philosophy and Western philosophy. According to Chinese philosophy, human beings’ supreme goal lies within human life, whereas that defined by Western philosophy isexternal to human life. According to modern definitions, humanity’s ultimate aim is to construct paradise on Earth through scientific and technological ...


“延續生命 擴大生命”——何懷宏教授〈預期壽命與生命之道〉讀後, Mingxian Shen Jan 2014

“延續生命 擴大生命”——何懷宏教授〈預期壽命與生命之道〉讀後, Mingxian Shen

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

Professor He’s paper raises a very interesting question: how does life span relate to way of life? Moving beyond clichéd approaches to health preservation, Professor He innovatively attributes the longevity of Chinese philosophers in the 20th century to their special way of life, informed by traditional Chinese wisdom. In my paper, I use the life history of Shen Congwen to show how we can lead long and prosperous lives. Shen Congwen’s devotion to academic research, beginning in 1949, enabled him to maintain his integrity in later life despite his unfavorable political environment. I suggest that independent intellectual self-actualization ...


儒家家庭價值的應用與生物科技倫理, King Tak Ip Jan 2014

儒家家庭價值的應用與生物科技倫理, King Tak Ip

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In response to the challenges presented by ever-emerging moral issues in contemporary society, ethicists try to obtain input from different religious, philosophical and cultural traditions, and Confucianism is a popular choice. In following Confucian ethics, people grasp important Confucian concepts, quote important passages from the Classics and engage in exegesis to argue for the contemporary relevancy of Confucianism and Confucian ethics. However, because Confucianism is a living tradition that has guided Chinese life for years, other questions must be addressed when considering Confucian ethics. How have Confucian principles been applied historically to handle similar issues? Can these past applications serve ...


醫學倫理思想在《聖濟經》中的體現, Qiaoxia Zhang Jan 2014

醫學倫理思想在《聖濟經》中的體現, Qiaoxia Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

According to Chinese medical history, the Shengjijing (Canon of Sagely Benefaction) was commissioned by Emperor Huizong (1100-1125) of the Song Dynasty. It is usually compared with another great project of the time, the Shengji zonglu (Medical Encyclopedia: Classic of Sagely Benefaction). The emperor wrote prefaces for two large formulary compilations. The Canon of Sagely Benefaction, which comprises 10 chapters of medical theories, was published in 1118, and the Medical Encyclopedia: A Sagely Benefaction, which comprises 200 chapters of formularies, was published in 1122.

This paper focuses on the ethical dimensions illustrated by the Canon of Sagely Benefaction. It explores fundamental ...


“儒醫”概念的文化與政治意蘊, Guobin Cheng Jan 2014

“儒醫”概念的文化與政治意蘊, Guobin Cheng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The earliest definition of ruyi (Confucian physicians or literati-physicians) referred to the literati the imperial court intended to recruit for its Taiyiju, the Imperial Medical Services. The concept of ruyi emerged and gained popularity during the Song period, after which the Confucian physician occupied a unique position between the literatus and physician in the social hierarchy. From an institutional perspective, the official Hanlin Medical Institute functioned as a special medical service department whose major responsibility was to take care of the imperial family. The Imperial Medical Services, which had initially been under the jurisdiction of the Hanlin Artisans Institute, became ...


王鳳儀倫理療病闡析——儒家生命倫理之活例, Xianglong Zhang Jan 2014

王鳳儀倫理療病闡析——儒家生命倫理之活例, Xianglong Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

First, this paper presents the life of Feng-yi Wang (1864-1937), a peasant thinker who lived in northeastern China and shows how Wang’s experiences of enlightenment enabled him to invent an ethical cure. A serious disease with which Wang had been afflicted for more than 10 years was healed overnight by his sudden recognition that the origin of his illness was not the immorality of his brothers but his own hatred for them and by his profound repentance for this mistake. As a result of this experience, he realized that no universal principles exist for family relationships. Wang underwent two ...


哲學家的冒險——讀〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉, Wei Cheng Jan 2014

哲學家的冒險——讀〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉, Wei Cheng

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

It remains unclear whether forms of disease therapy that rely solely on ethics or other aspects of human nature can be effective. Claims have been made throughout history for the efficacy of ethics-based medical practices, such as religious treatments. However, it is necessary to scientifically test the claim that such treatments have curative effects. It would be too hasty to accept such a conclusion without sufficient investigation. Indeed, such unthinking acceptance would entirely contradict Confucian values.


讀張祥龍〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉, Zailin Zhang Jan 2014

讀張祥龍〈王鳳儀倫理療病闡析〉, Zailin Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

In this article, a paper by Professor Zhang Xianglong entitled “On Feng-yi Wang’s Ethical Cure” is reviewed and explored. Professor Zhang’s paper is regarded as a turning-point not only in modern Chinese academic and philosophical discourse on life therapeutics, but in the analysis and interpretation of the relationship between life therapeutics and the integrity of body and mind. In addition, the paper offers insight into the significance of ethical treatment to the discipline of life therapeutics from the perspective of Eastern and Western soma-philosophy.


從儒家傳統論中醫職業精神的形成機制, Yunzhang Liu Jan 2014

從儒家傳統論中醫職業精神的形成機制, Yunzhang Liu

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

The “Regulations on Medical Ethics for Medical Professionals in the PRC” promulgated by the Chinese Ministry of Health function as contemporary moral rules for medical professionalism. The principles underlying these ethical rules are not that different from those underlying bio-medical ethics in the West, which provides a broad platform for medical ethics and moral codes. However, this paper explores Confucian moral teachings to supplement the current discourse related to professional ethics. The issue up for discussion is how medical professionalism can be reconstructed based on Confucianism. This paper outlines the Confucian ethics that formed the cultural context in which traditional ...


德性倫理與醫療專業精神, Jonathan Chan Jan 2014

德性倫理與醫療專業精神, Jonathan Chan

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

China faces many healthcare problems. Many people, such as experts Prof. William Hsiao and Li Ling, attribute these problems to the unregulated marketization of the country’s healthcare system. This paper argues that although the unregulated marketization of its healthcare system contributes to many of China’s healthcare problems, a lack of professionalism is also an important factor. Furthermore, it argues that the Chinese medical profession requires both regulation and professionalism. It focuses on the moral aspect of medical professionalism (i.e., medical professional ethics) by discussing the rule- and virtue-based approaches to ethics. Alasdair MacIntyre initially observed the differences ...


導言:從經典文本到現實議題, Ellen Y. Zhang Jan 2014

導言:從經典文本到現實議題, Ellen Y. Zhang

International Journal of Chinese & Comparative Philosophy of Medicine

本期論文選自《醫學與哲學》雜誌社和香港浸會大學應用倫理學研究中心於今年暑期在承德合辦的“第八屆建構中國生命倫理學研討會”。大多數論文圍繞當今中國醫學倫理學出現的具體問題與實踐,從中國生命倫理學與西方生命倫理學的雙重面向探討有關醫師職業道德、傳統醫術與醫德、醫患關係、器官移植、終極關懷等諸方面的問題。同時對於這些倫理議題的討論也涉及到對傳統文化的認識與詮釋的問題。本期選入的論文從不同的議題回應建構中國生命倫理學的可能性與現實性。